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Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
Jennifer M Oshimura, Benjamin D Bauer, Neha Shah, Eugene Nguyen, Jennifer Maniscalco
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists report the need for additional training in clinical and nonclinical domains. Pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) fellowships seek to provide this training and produce leaders in the field. Our objective is to describe current roles and perceived training needs of PHM fellowship graduates. METHODS: In 2014, all PHM fellowship graduates were asked to complete a Web-based survey. Survey questions addressed demographics, past training, current roles, and training needs in clinical care, research, education, and administration...
October 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Shannon Lovell, Marvin Clifford
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is more common in adolescent and young adult populations than in the past. NSSI is typically used to deal with distressing negative affective states, especially anger and depression, and mixed emotional states. Pediatricians; primary care, family medicine, and emergency room physicians; and mental health professionals are faced with the charge of responding to NSSI behaviors among patients. Physicians in family medicine, pediatrics, and primary care settings play an essential role in initiating the beginning step in the treatment process for those who self-injure...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Valentina Favalli, Eliana Disabella, Mariadelfina Molinaro, Marilena Tagliani, Anna Scarabotto, Alessandra Serio, Maurizia Grasso, Nupoor Narula, Carmela Giorgianni, Clelia Caspani, Monica Concardi, Manuela Agozzino, Calogero Giordano, Alexandra Smirnova, Takahide Kodama, Lorenzo Giuliani, Elena Antoniazzi, Riccardo G Borroni, Camilla Vassallo, Filippo Mangione, Laura Scelsi, Stefano Ghio, Carlo Pellegrini, Marialuisa Zedde, Laura Fancellu, GianPietro Sechi, Antonello Ganau, Stefania Piga, Annarita Colucci, Daniela Concolino, Maria Teresa Di Mascio, Danilo Toni, Marina Diomedi, Claudio Rapezzi, Elena Biagini, Massimiliano Marini, Maurizia Rasura, Maurizio Melis, Antonia Nucera, Donata Guidetti, Michelangelo Mancuso, Umberto Scoditti, Pamela Cassini, Jagat Narula, Luigi Tavazzi, Eloisa Arbustini
BACKGROUND: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disease, caused by defects of the alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) gene. AFD can affect the heart, brain, kidney, eye, skin, peripheral nerves, and gastrointestinal tract. Cardiology (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy), neurology (cryptogenic stroke), and nephrology (end-stage renal failure) screening studies suggest the prevalence of GLA variants is 0.62%, with diagnosis confirmation in 0.12%. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to expand screening from these settings to include ophthalmology, dermatology, gastroenterology, internal medicine, pediatrics, and medical genetics to increase diagnostic yield and comprehensively evaluate organ involvement in AFD patients...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Umit Uksal, Pinar Ozturk, Emine Colgecen, Nazan Taslidere, Turkan Patiroglu, Mehmet Akif Ozdemir, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Murat Borlu
OBJECTIVE: Diagnoses of skin, mucosae, hair and nail manifestations in malignant diseases are often challenging because of life-threatening drug reactions, opportunistic infections or skin involvement of primary processes. Description of morphology, configuration and distribution of lesions is important in order to differentiate the self-healing eruptions from serious side effects of chemotherapy. There are case reports from Turkey including dermatological manifestations of malignancies and case series in adult patients but there are no published large group studies assessing all manifestations in children...
June 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Halah Ibrahim, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Sami Shaban, Margaret El-Zubeir
BACKGROUND: In today's interdependent world, issues of physician shortages, skill imbalances and maldistribution affect all countries. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a nation that has historically imported its physician manpower, there is sustained investment in educational infrastructure to meet the population's healthcare needs. However, policy development and workforce planning are often hampered by limited data regarding the career choice of physicians-in-training. The purpose of this study was to determine the specialty career choice of applicants to postgraduate training programs in the UAE and factors that influence their decisions, in an effort to inform educational and health policy reform...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Betul Tavil, Selin Aytaç, Sule Unal, Baris Kuskonmaz, Fatma Gumruk, Mualla Cetin
The aim was to evaluate baseline demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics, treatment modalities, and outcome of children with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) followed up in our center. Children who fulfilled the criteria of idiopathic HES followed up at Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Pediatric Hematology Department between June 2004 and October 2013 were included in this study. Medical records of all children with idiopathic HES were reviewed to obtain regarding data. The mean age of 6 children with idiopathic HES was 52...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Margaret Riley, Sana Ahmed, Jennifer C Lane, Barbara D Reed, Amy Locke
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Providing adolescents with confidential health care results in better social and health outcomes. We sought to assess if a medical board Maintenance of Certification Part IV project could improve the delivery of confidential care to minor adolescent patients seen in outpatient primary care practices. DESIGN: Participating physicians reviewed 3 months of charts for patients ages 12-17 years seen for well visits during a baseline time period, and after 2 Plan, Do, Study, Act intervention cycles to assess if they had met confidentiality standards...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Bradley L Young, Lasun O Oladeji, Kyle Cichos, Brent Ponce
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of training physicians are using the Internet to gather information about graduate medical education programs. The content and accessibility of web sites that provide this information have been demonstrated to influence applicants' decisions. Assessments of orthopedic fellowship web sites including sports medicine, pediatrics, hand and spine have found varying degrees of accessibility and material. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accessibility and content of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) fellowship web sites (SEFWs)...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Ashley M Strobel, Rose M Chasm, Dale P Woolridge
BACKGROUND: In 1998, emergency medicine-pediatrics (EM-PEDS) graduates were no longer eligible for the pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) sub-board certification examination. There is a paucity of guidance regarding the various training options for medical students who are interested in PEM. OBJECTIVES: We sought to to determine attitudes and personal satisfaction of graduates from EM-PEDS combined training programs. METHODS: We surveyed 71 graduates from three EM-PEDS residences in the United States...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Injury is still the number 1 killer of children ages 1 to 18 years in the United States ( Children who sustain injuries with resulting disabilities incur significant costs not only for their health care but also for productivity lost to the economy. The families of children who survive childhood injury with disability face years of emotional and financial hardship, along with a significant societal burden. The entire process of managing childhood injury is enormously complex and varies by region...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Jonathan D Alpern, Cynthia S Davey, John Song
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural care is recognized by the ACGME as an important aspect of US residency training. Resident physicians' preparedness to deliver cross-cultural care has been well studied, while preparedness to provide care specifically to immigrant and refugee populations has not been. METHODS: We administered a survey in October 2013 to 199 residents in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, and Medicine/Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota, assessing perceived knowledge, attitudes, and experience with immigrant and refugee patients...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Sara B Fazio, Monica Demasi, Erin Farren, Susan Frankl, Barbara Gottlieb, Jessica Hoy, Amanda Johnson, Jill Kasper, Patrick Lee, Claire McCarthy, Kathe Miller, Juliana Morris, Kitty O'Hare, Rachael Rosales, Leigh Simmons, Benjamin Smith, Katherine Treadway, Kristen Goodell, Barbara Ogur
In light of the increasing demand for primary care services and the changing scope of health care, it is important to consider how the principles of primary care are taught in medical school. While the majority of schools have increased students' exposure to primary care, they have not developed a standardized primary care curriculum for undergraduate medical education. In 2013, the authors convened a group of educators from primary care internal medicine, pediatrics, family medicine, and medicine-pediatrics, as well as five medical students to create a blueprint for a primary care curriculum that could be integrated into a longitudinal primary care experience spanning undergraduate medical education and delivered to all students regardless of their eventual career choice...
July 12, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Vorapol Jaroonvanichkul, Jitladda Deerojanawong
BACKGROUND: Many residents often encounter several problems to accomplish their research projects, a requirement to complete medical residency training in Thailand. This study aimed to explore perceived obstacles and attitude of Thai residents toward conducting research. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The questionnaires were distributed among 640 residents at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital from November to December 2014. Structured-questionnaires explored the participants' characteristics, research experience, purpose of conducting research, motivations and perceived barriers to research...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Dorothy A Andriole, Donna B Jeffe
PURPOSE: The authors sought to identify variables associated with MD-PhD program graduates' academic medicine careers. METHODS: We analyzed data for a national cohort of MD-PhD program graduates from 2000 to 2005, using multivariable logistic regression to identify independent predictors of full-time academic medicine faculty appointment through 2013. RESULTS: Of 1,860 MD-PhD program graduates in 2000-2005, we included 1,846 (99.2%) who had completed residency training before 2014...
2016: Medical Education Online
Theodore Long, Mark T Silvestri, Meir Dashevsky, Andrea Halim, Robert L Fogerty
Background Cost awareness, to ensure physician stewardship of limited resources, is increasingly recognized as an important skill for physicians. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has made cost awareness part of systems-based practice, a core competency of resident education. However, little is known about resident cost awareness. Objective We sought to assess senior resident self-perceived cost awareness and cost knowledge. Methods In March 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of all emergency medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopaedic surgery pediatrics, and medicine-pediatrics residents in their final year at Yale-New Haven Hospital...
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Elizabeth Wei McIntosh, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: If medical schools are to produce primary care physicians (family medicine, pediatrics, or general internal medicine), they must provide educational experiences that enable medical students to maintain existing or form new interests in such careers. This study examined three mechanisms for doing so, at one medical school: participation as an officer in a family medicine interest group (FMIG), completion of a dual medical/public health (MD/MPH) degree program, and participation in a rural medical education (RMED) clinical track...
May 2016: Family Medicine
Ricardo Salas-Flores, Brian González-Pérez
BACKGROUND: Medical internship is an important period in the formation of a general (or medical) practitioner, in which the student becomes a member of the "health community" and also applies all the knowledge he or she has received during the university lectures. The present study aims to evaluate the impact of the implementation of the academic day programme designed for undergraduate medical interns within the Mexican second level healthcare Hospital General Regional No. 6 "Dr. Ignacio García Téllez"...
May 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Leigh Simmons, Lauren Leavitt, Alaka Ray, Blair Fosburgh, Karen Sepucha
PROBLEM: Physicians must be competent in several different kinds of communication skills in order to implement shared decision making; however, these skills are not part of routine medical student education, nor are they formally taught during residency training. INTERVENTION: We developed a 1- and 2-hour workshop curriculum for internal medicine residents to promote shared decision making in treatment decisions for four common chronic conditions: diabetes, depression, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
M Patrice Eiff, Larry A Green, Eric Holmboe, Furman S McDonald, Kathleen Klink, David Gary Smith, Carol Carraccio, Rose Harding, Eve Dexter, Miguel Marino, Sam Jones, Kelly Caverzagie, Mumtaz Mustapha, Patricia A Carney
PURPOSE: To report findings from a national effort initiated by three primary care certifying boards to catalyze change in primary care training. METHOD: In this mixed-method pilot study (2012-2014), 36 faculty in 12 primary care residencies (family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics) from four institutions participated in a professional development program designed to prepare faculty to accelerate change in primary care residency training by uniting them in a common mission to create effective ambulatory clinical learning environments...
September 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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