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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138128/will-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-work-in-latin-america-piloting-a-mobile-approach-to-crowdsource-influenza-like-illness-data-in-guatemala
#1
José Tomás Prieto, Jorge H Jara, Juan Pablo Alvis, Luis R Furlan, Christian Travis Murray, Judith Garcia, Pierre-Jean Benghozi, Susan Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels
BACKGROUND: In many Latin American countries, official influenza reports are neither timely nor complete, and surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) remains thin in consistency and precision. Public participation with mobile technology may offer new ways of identifying nonmedically attended cases and reduce reporting delays, but no published studies to date have assessed the viability of ILI surveillance with mobile tools in Latin America. We implemented and assessed an ILI-tailored mobile health (mHealth) participatory reporting system...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133488/randomized-controlled-trial-of-text-message-reminders-for-increasing-influenza-vaccination
#2
Annette K Regan, Lauren Bloomfield, Ian Peters, Paul V Effler
PURPOSE: Seasonal influenza vaccine is recommended and funded for groups at higher risk of serious infection, but uptake is suboptimal. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of short message service (SMS) reminders for influenza vaccination. METHODS: Six weeks after seasonal influenza vaccinations began, we identified high-risk patients who had a mobile telephone number on record at 10 practices in Western Australia. Thirty-two percent of the selected patients had already been vaccinated in the current year and were ineligible...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119547/interventions-to-improve-access-to-cataract-surgical-services-and-their-impact-on-equity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
REVIEW
Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Ilse Blignault, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Robin Christensen, Anthony B Zwi, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the prevalence is inequitably distributed between and within countries. Interventions have been undertaken to improve cataract surgical services, however, the effectiveness of these interventions on promoting equity is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on equity of interventions to improve access to cataract services for populations with cataract blindness (and visual impairment) in LMICs...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115992/role-of-mhealth-applications-for-improving-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#4
Anam Feroz, Shagufta Perveen, Wafa Aftab
BACKGROUND: From 1990 to 2015, the number of maternal deaths globally has dropped by 43%. Despite this, progress in attaining MDG 5 is not remarkable in LMICs. Only 52% of pregnant women in LMICs obtain WHO recommended minimum of four antenatal consultations and the coverage of postnatal care is relatively poor. In recent years, the increased cellphone penetration has brought the potential for mHealth to improve preventive maternal healthcare services. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of mHealth solutions on a range of maternal health outcomes by categorizing the interventions according to the types of mHealth applications...
November 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113956/rationale-and-design-of-the-home-trial-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-of-home-based-human-papillomavirus-hpv-self-sampling-for-increasing-cervical-cancer-screening-uptake-and-effectiveness-in-a-u-s-healthcare-system
#5
Rachel L Winer, Jasmin A Tiro, Diana L Miglioretti, Chris Thayer, Tara Beatty, John Lin, Hongyuan Gao, Kilian Kimbel, Diana S M Buist
Women who delay or do not attend Papanicolaou (Pap) screening are at increased risk for cervical cancer. Trials in countries with organized screening programs have demonstrated that mailing high-risk (hr) human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling kits to under-screened women increases participation, but U.S. data are lacking. HOME is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial set within a U.S. integrated healthcare delivery system to compare two programmatic approaches for increasing cervical cancer screening uptake and effectiveness in under-screened women (≥3...
November 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111887/use-of-short-message-service-and-smartphone-applications-in-the-management-of-surgical-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
Keyin Lu, Nikolas E Marino, David Russell, Aashray Singareddy, Donald Zhang, Angela Hardi, Scott Kaar, Varun Puri
BACKGROUND: Mobile health and telemedicine are rapidly evolving fields used to provide healthcare remotely to patients. For surgical patients, telemedicine can improve patient education and remote monitoring of postoperative symptoms. We performed a systematic review of studies involving the use of short message service (SMS) and mobile application-based interventions in surgical patients to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each system, as well as of mobile interventions as a whole...
November 7, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098271/flow-and-grit-by-design-exploring-gamification-in-facilitating-adherence-to-swallowing-therapy
#7
Gabriela Constantinescu, Jana Rieger, Kerry Mummery, William Hodgetts
Purpose: Delivery of swallowing therapy is faced with challenges regarding access to in-clinic services and adherence to prescribed home programs. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies are being developed at a rapid pace to address these difficulties. Whereas some benefits to using these modern tools for therapy are obvious (e.g., electronic reminders), other advantages are not as well understood. One example is the potential for mHealth devices and apps to enhance adherence to treatment regimens...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065376/electronic-medical-record-reminders-and-smoking-cessation-activities-in-primary-care
#8
Jaeyong Bae, Eric W Ford, Hadi H K Kharrazi, Timothy R Huerta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess electronic medical record (EMR) automatic reminder use in relation to smoking cessation activities among primary-care providers. BACKGROUND: Primary-care physicians are in the frontline of efforts to promote smoking cessation. Moreover, doctors' prescribing privileges give them additional tools to help patients successfully quit smoking. New EMR functions can provide automated reminders for physicians to counsel smokers and provide prescriptions to support quit attempts...
October 16, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061556/impact-of-an-electronic-monitoring-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-inhaled-medication-in-patients-with-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Claudia Gregoriano, Thomas Dieterle, Selina Dürr, Isabelle Arnet, Kurt E Hersberger, Jörg D Leuppi
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment in recent years, the burden of disease among patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high and patients are frequently hospitalized due to exacerbations. Reasons for uncontrolled diseases are manifold, but are often associated with poor inhalation technique and non-adherence to the prescribed treatment plan. This causes substantial mortality, morbidity, and costs to the healthcare system...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052434/a-virtual-clinic-improves-pneumococcal-vaccination-coverage-among-patients-living-with-hiv-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#10
Charles M Burns, Richard E Banks, Brigid M Wilson, Rebecca R Carter, Robin L P Jump, Federico Perez
People living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should receive pneumococcal vaccinations as part of their routine health maintenance. Our goal was to create a "virtual clinic" to help increase rates of pneumococcal vaccination among people living with HIV without adding substantially to the workload of primary providers. We used administrative data from our Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center to identify a cohort of veterans living with HIV who were not current with either the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) or both...
October 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048966/text-messaging-for-improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-no-effects-after-1-year-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sebastian Linnemayr, Haijing Huang, Jill Luoto, Andrew Kambugu, Harsha Thirumurthy, Jessica E Haberer, Glenn Wagner, Barbara Mukasa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of Short Message Service (SMS) reminder messages on antiretroviral and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis adherence among HIV-positive youths as well as the relative effectiveness of SMS with and without a response option. METHODS: Eligible HIV-positive patients aged 15 to 22 years at 2 HIV clinics in Kampala, Uganda, participated in a year-long parallel individual-randomized controlled trial and were assigned in a 1-to-1-to-1 ratio to a weekly SMS message group, weekly SMS message with response option group, or a usual-care control group...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036840/efficacy-of-memory-aids-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-single-case-series
#12
Hannah R Bos, Duncan R Babbage, Janet M Leathem
BACKGROUND: Individuals living with traumatic brain injury commonly have difficulties with prospective memory-the ability to remember a planned action at the intended time. Traditionally a memory notebook has been recommended as a compensatory memory aid. Electronic devices have the advantage of providing a cue at the appropriate time to remind participants to refer to the memory aid and complete tasks. Research suggests these have potential benefit in neurorehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of a memory notebook and specifically a smartphone as a compensatory memory aid...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036020/novel-methods-for-device-and-adherence-monitoring-in-asthma
#13
Matteo Bonini, Omar S Usmani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article aims to provide an updated and evidence-based review of the innovative electronic health interventions to monitor and improve inhaler technique and adherence to recommended therapy in asthma. RECENT FINDINGS: Out of the 290 articles identified by the search strategy, 23 manuscripts fulfilled the review inclusion criteria. Included studies mainly addressed m-health, electronic reminders, telemedicine, and inhaler tracker interventions...
October 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035189/cancer-screening-reminders-addressing-the-spectrum-of-patient-preferences
#14
Susan D Brandzel, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Arika Wieneke, Susan Carol Bradford, Kilian Kimbel, Hongyuan Gao, Diana Sm Buist
CONTEXT: Health care systems continue to seek evidence about how to optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of cancer screening reminders. Annual reminders to receive preventive services can be an efficient strategy. OBJECTIVE: To understand patient motivators and barriers to cancer screening and preferences about reminder strategies. DESIGN: We conducted 11 focus groups among adults recommended for cancer screening within Kaiser Permanente Washington...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016565/colonoscopy-vs-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-reducing-mortality-from-colorectal-cancer-confirm-rationale-for-study-design
#15
Jason A Dominitz, Douglas J Robertson, Dennis J Ahnen, James E Allison, Margaret Antonelli, Kathy D Boardman, Maria Ciarleglio, Barbara J Del Curto, Grant D Huang, Thomas F Imperiale, Meaghan F Larson, David Lieberman, Theresa O'Connor, Timothy J O'Leary, Peter Peduzzi, Dawn Provenzale, Aasma Shaukat, Shahnaz Sultan, Amy Voorhees, Robert Wallace, Peter D Guarino
RATIONALE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is preventable through screening, with colonoscopy and fecal occult blood testing comprising the two most commonly used screening tests. Given the differences in complexity, risk, and cost, it is important to understand these tests' comparative effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: The CONFIRM Study is a large, pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, parallel group trial to compare screening with colonoscopy vs. the annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in 50,000 average risk individuals...
November 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994304/an-exploration-of-the-experience-of-using-calendar-reminders-for-people-with-dementia-and-family-carers
#16
Nina Evans, Lesley Collier
People with dementia and family carers often use calendars to support time orientation to maintain routine. However, little is known about the use of calendars as a compensatory strategy. This study examines the experience and practicalities of using calendar reminders from the perspective of people with dementia and family carers. Six dyads were recruited and interviewed at home. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to develop a narrative interpreted from an occupational therapy perspective. The themes were reflected on during two subsequent focus groups...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946683/usability-of-a-medication-event-reminder-monitor-system-merm-by-providers-and-patients-to-improve-adherence-in-the-management-of-tuberculosis
#17
Xiaoqi Liu, Terrence Blaschke, Bruce Thomas, Sabina De Geest, Shiwen Jiang, Yongxin Gao, Xinxu Li, Elizabeth Whalley Buono, Stacy Buchanan, Zhiying Zhang, Shitong Huan
Poor initiation and implementation and premature discontinuation of anti-tuberculous therapy, all forms of nonadherence, are major reasons for treatment failure, the development of drug-resistant tuberculosis, and transmission to other non-infected individuals. Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) has been the worldwide standard, but implementation of DOT is burdensome for providers and patients, especially in resource-limited settings, where most of the burden of active TB is located. Among the alternatives to DOT is electronic monitoring (EM) of drug dosing histories...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946573/exploring-cognitive-support-use-and-preference-by-college-students-with-tbi-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Jessica Brown, Karen Hux, Morgan Hey, Madeline Murphy
PURPOSE: Many college students with TBI rely on external strategies and supports to compensate for persistent memory, organization, and planning deficits that interfere with recalling and executing daily tasks. Practitioners know little, however, about the supports students with TBI choose for this purpose, the reasoning behind their choice, or preferred features of selected supports. The purpose of this study was to explore these issues. METHOD: We collected and analyzed quantitative and qualitative data from eight college students with TBI for completion of a concurrent triangulation mixed-methods design...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928112/influenzanet-citizens-among-10-countries-collaborating-to-monitor-influenza-in-europe
#19
Carl E Koppeschaar, Vittoria Colizza, Caroline Guerrisi, Clément Turbelin, Jim Duggan, W John Edmunds, Charlotte Kjelsø, Ricardo Mexia, Yamir Moreno, Sandro Meloni, Daniela Paolotti, Daniela Perrotta, Edward van Straten, Ana O Franco
BACKGROUND: The wide availability of the Internet and the growth of digital communication technologies have become an important tool for epidemiological studies and health surveillance. Influenzanet is a participatory surveillance system monitoring the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Europe since 2003. It is based on data provided by volunteers who self-report their symptoms via the Internet throughout the influenza season and currently involves 10 countries. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the Influenzanet system and provide an overview of results from several analyses that have been performed with the collected data, which include participant representativeness analyses, data validation (comparing ILI incidence rates between Influenzanet and sentinel medical practice networks), identification of ILI risk factors, and influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) studies previously published...
September 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895169/we-have-had-a-gutful-the-need-for-deprescribing-proton-pump-inhibitors
#20
M Naunton, G M Peterson, L S Deeks, H Young, S Kosari
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) prescribing may often be inappropriate and expose patients to a risk of adverse effects, while incurring unnecessary healthcare expenditure. Our objective was to determine PPI usage in Australia since 2002 and review international studies investigating inappropriate PPI prescribing, including those that discussed interventions to address this issue. METHODS: Australian Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) and Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (RPBS) data were analysed...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
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