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Alpha Oscillations

Krishna C Puvvada, Ann Summerfelt, Xiaoming Du, Nithin Krishna, Peter Kochunov, Laura M Rowland, Jonathan Z Simon, L Elliot Hong
Background: Delta band (1-4 Hz) neuronal responses support the precision and stability of auditory processing, and a deficit in delta band synchrony may be relevant to auditory domain symptoms in schizophrenia patients. Methods: Delta band synchronization elicited by a 2.5 Hz auditory steady state response (ASSR) paradigm, along with those from theta (5 Hz), alpha (10 Hz), beta (20 Hz), gamma (40 Hz), and high gamma (80 Hz) frequency ASSR, were compared in 128 patients with schizophrenia, 108 healthy controls, and 55 first-degree relatives (FDR) of patients...
June 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Yongzhi Huang, Alexander L Green, Jonathan Hyam, James Fitzgerald, Tipu Z Aziz, Shouyan Wang
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the function of sensory thalamic neural activity is essential for developing and improving interventions for neuropathic pain. However, there is a lack of investigation of the relationship between sensory thalamic oscillations and pain relief in patients with neuropathic pain. This study aims to identify the oscillatory neural characteristics correlated with pain relief induced by deep brain stimulation (DBS), and develop a quantitative model to predict pain relief by integrating characteristic measures of the neural oscillations...
October 12, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
Sangtae Ahn, Hohyun Cho, Moonyoung Kwon, Kiwoong Kim, Hyukchan Kwon, Bong Soo Kim, Won Seok Chang, Jin Woo Chang, Sung Chan Jun
Recently, neurophysiological findings about social interaction have been investigated widely, and hardware has been developed that can measure multiple subjects' brain activities simultaneously. These hyperscanning studies have enabled us to discover new and important evidences of interbrain interactions. Yet, very little is known about verbal interaction without any visual input. Therefore, we conducted a new hyperscanning study based on verbal, interbrain turn-taking interaction using simultaneous EEG/MEG, which measures rapidly changing brain activities...
October 11, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
Zuyue Chen, Lauri Parkkonen, Jingkuan Wei, Jin-Run Dong, Yuanye Ma, Synnöve Carlson
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) refers to a decreased response to a startling stimulus when another weaker stimulus precedes it. Most PPI studies have focused on the physiological startle reflex and fewer have reported the PPI of cortical responses. We recorded local field potentials (LFPs) in four monkeys and investigated whether the PPI of auditory cortical responses (alpha, beta, and gamma oscillations and evoked potentials) can be demonstrated in the caudolateral belt of the superior temporal gyrus (STGcb). We also investigated whether the presence of a conspecific, which draws attention away from the auditory stimuli, affects the PPI of auditory cortical responses...
October 11, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
Ruida Zhu, Haiyan Wu, Zhenhua Xu, Honghong Tang, Xueyi Shen, Xiaoqin Mai, Chao Liu
Shame and guilt have been compared in many behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. However, the time course of shame and guilt processing remains unknown. We conducted an event-related potential (ERP) study to investigate the temporal dynamics of shame and guilt in an interpersonal context. Behaviorally, participants reported "shame" when their wrong advice was correctly rejected by a confederate, whereas reported "guilt" when their wrong advice resulted in economic loss of a confederate...
October 10, 2017: Social Neuroscience
Ran Lin, Yan Mo, Haihong Zha, Zhipeng Qu, Pancheng Xie, Zheng-Jiang Zhu, Ying Xu, Yue Xiong, Kun-Liang Guan
In addition to responding to environmental entrainment with diurnal variation, metabolism is also tightly controlled by cell-autonomous circadian clock. Extensive studies have revealed key roles of transcription in circadian control. Post-transcriptional regulation for the rhythmic gating of metabolic enzymes remains elusive. Here, we show that arginine biosynthesis and subsequent ureagenesis are collectively regulated by CLOCK (circadian locomotor output cycles kaput) in circadian rhythms. Facilitated by BMAL1 (brain and muscle Arnt-like protein), CLOCK directly acetylates K165 and K176 of argininosuccinate synthase (ASS1) to inactivate ASS1, which catalyzes the rate-limiting step of arginine biosynthesis...
October 5, 2017: Molecular Cell
Luca Ronconi, David Melcher
Recent behavioural, neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies have renewed the idea that the information processing within different temporal windows is linked to the phase and/or frequency of the ongoing oscillation, predominantly in the theta/alpha band (∼4-7 and 8-12 Hz). However, being correlational in nature, this evidence might reflect a non-functional by-product rather than a causal role. A more direct link can be shown with methods that manipulate oscillatory activity. Here, we used audio-visual entrainment at different frequencies in the pre-stimulus period of a temporal integration/segregation task...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Kamalini G Ranasinghe, Leighton B Hinkley, Alexander J Beagle, Danielle Mizuiri, Susanne M Honma, Ariane E Welch, Isabel Hubbard, Maria Luisa Mandelli, Zachary A Miller, Coleman Garrett, Alice La, Adam L Boxer, John F Houde, Bruce L Miller, Keith A Vossel, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, Srikantan S Nagarajan
Primary progressive aphasia is a syndrome characterized by progressive loss of language abilities with three main phenotypic clinical presentations, including logopenic, non-fluent/agrammatic, and semantic variants. Previous imaging studies have shown unique anatomic impacts within language networks in each variant. However, direct measures of spontaneous neuronal activity and functional integrity of these impacted neural networks in primary progressive aphasia are lacking. The aim of this study was to characterize the spatial and temporal patterns of resting state neuronal synchronizations in primary progressive aphasia syndromes...
October 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Helena J V Rutherford, Xiaoyue M Guo, Jia Wu, Kelsey M Graber, Nathan J Hayes, Kevin A Pelphrey, Linda C Mayes
Recent research has suggested a role for the hormone oxytocin in social cognition and behavior. Administration of intranasal oxytocin modulates multiple brain regions during experimental tasks; however, the neural mechanisms that underscore the changes associated with oxytocin administration are yet to be fully elucidated. In a double-blind placebo controlled design using electroencephalography, the effects of intranasal oxytocin on neural oscillations (delta, theta, alpha, beta) and their coupling during the resting state were examined...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Song Li, Jing-Na Jin, Xin Wang, Hong-Zhi Qi, Zhi-Peng Liu, Tao Yin
Studies on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have shown that stimulating the parietal lobe, which plays a role in memory storage, can enhance performance during the "retention" process of working memory (WM). However, the mechanism of rTMS effect during this phase is still unclear. In this study, we stimulated the superior parietal lobe (SPL) using 5-Hz rTMS in 26 participants and recorded electroencephalography (EEG) while they performed a delayed-recognition WM task. The analyses included the comparisons of event-related spectral perturbation (ERSP) value variations in theta (4-7 Hz) and alpha (8-14 Hz) band frequencies between conditions (rTMS vs...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Christopher M Scheib
Theories of mechanisms that impair or prevent consciousness during anesthesia that are related to thalamocortical oscillations have been proposed. Many methods of EEG analysis have been proposed as measures of anesthetic effects but only a few have potential to provide measures of those anesthetic effects that are directly related to thalamocortical oscillations. Some of these methods will be explained and demonstrated with examples chosen to provide evidence for or against two of the proposed mechanisms. The first of the two mechanisms to be addressed is the "traveling peak" (Ching et al...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Claudia Poch, Almudena Capilla, José Antonio Hinojosa, Pablo Campo
Working Memory (WM) maintains flexible representations. Retrospective cueing studies indicate that selective attention can be directed to memory representations in WM improving performance. While most of the work has explored the neural substrates of orienting attention based on a spatial retro-cue, behavioral studies show that a feature other than location can also improve WM performance. In the present work we explored the oscillatory underpinnings of orienting attention to a relevant representation held in WM guided by a feature value...
September 27, 2017: Neuropsychologia
Shaoping Su, Dahua Yu, Jiadong Cheng, Yajing Chen, Xiaohua Zhang, Yanyan Guan, Yangding Li, Yanzhi Bi, Ting Xue, Xiaoqi Lu, Kai Yuan
Previous electroencephalogram (EEG) studies revealed reduced spectral power during the resting state in smokers. However, few studies investigated the changes of global brain networks during the resting state in young smokers by EEG. In the present study, we used minimum spanning tree (MST) to assess the differences of global network efficiency between young smoker (n = 20) and nonsmokers (n = 20). Compared with healthy nonsmokers, young smokers showed decreased leaf fraction, kappa value, increased diameter and eccentricity value in alpha band (r = 0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Lin Wang, Peter Hagoort, Ole Jensen
Readers and listeners actively predict upcoming words during language processing. These predictions might serve to support the unification of incoming words into sentence context and thus rely on interactions between areas in the language network. In the current magnetoencephalography study, participants read sentences that varied in contextual constraints so that the predictability of the sentence-final words was either high or low. Before the sentence-final words, we observed stronger alpha power suppression for the highly compared with low constraining sentences in the left inferior frontal cortex, left posterior temporal region, and visual word form area...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Rasa Gulbinaite, Tara van Viegen, Martijn Wieling, Michael X Cohen, Rufin VanRullen
Rhythmic visual stimulation ("flicker") is primarily used to "tag" processing of low-level visual and high-level cognitive phenomena. However, preliminary evidence suggests that flicker may also entrain endogenous brain oscillations, thereby modulating cognitive processes supported by those brain rhythms. Here we tested the interaction between 10 Hz flicker and endogenous alpha-band (∼10 Hz) oscillations during a selective visuospatial attention task. We recorded EEG from human participants (both genders) while they performed a modified Eriksen flanker task in which distractors and targets flickered within (10 Hz) or outside (7...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
A Ahnaou, H Huysmans, R Biermans, N V Manyakov, W H I M Drinkenburg
Recently, the N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) antagonist ketamine has emerged as a fast-onset mechanism to achieve antidepressant activity, whereas its psychomimetic, dissociative and amnestic effects have been well documented to pharmacologically model schizophrenia features in rodents. Sleep-wake architecture, neuronal oscillations and network connectivity are key mechanisms supporting brain plasticity and cognition, which are disrupted in mood disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rats, we investigated the dynamic effects of acute and chronic subcutaneous administration of ketamine (2...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
Elvira Pirondini, Behtash Babadi, Gabriel Obregon-Henao, Camilo Lamus, Wasim Q Malik, Matti S Hamalainen, Patrick L Purdon
OBJECTIVE: Electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) non-invasively record scalp electromagnetic fields generated by cerebral currents, revealing millisecond-level brain dynamics useful for neuroscience and clinical applications. Estimating the currents that generate these fields, i.e., source localization, is an ill-conditioned inverse problem. Solutions to this problem have focused on spatial continuity constraints, dynamic modeling, or sparsity constraints. The combination of these key ideas could offer significant performance improvements, but substantial computational costs pose a challenge for practical application of such approaches...
September 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Robert A Seymour, Gina Rippon, Klaus Kessler
There is increasing interest in understanding how the phase and amplitude of distinct neural oscillations might interact to support dynamic communication within the brain. In particular, previous work has demonstrated a coupling between the phase of low frequency oscillations and the amplitude (or power) of high frequency oscillations during certain tasks, termed phase amplitude coupling (PAC). For instance, during visual processing in humans, PAC has been reliably observed between ongoing alpha (8-13 Hz) and gamma-band (>40 Hz) activity...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Pierre Madl, Thomas Verwanger, Mark Geppert, Felix Scholkmann
Cells spontaneously emit photons in the UV to visible/near-infrared range (ultra-weak photon emission, UPE). Perturbations of the cells' state cause changes in UPE (evoked UPE). The aim of the present study was to analyze the evoked UPE dynamics of cells caused by two types of cell perturbations (stressors): (i) a cell culture medium change, and (ii) application of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Four types of human cell lines were used (squamous cell carcinoma cells, A431; adenocarcinomic alveolar basal epithelial cells, A549; p53-deficient keratinocytes, HaCaT, and cervical cancer cells, HeLa)...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tom R Marshall, Sebastiaan den Boer, Roshan Cools, Ole Jensen, Sean James Fallon, Johanna M Zumer
Selective attention is reflected neurally in changes in the power of posterior neural oscillations in the alpha (8-12 Hz) and gamma (40-100 Hz) bands. Although a neural mechanism that allows relevant information to be selectively processed has its advantages, it may lead to lucrative or dangerous information going unnoticed. Neural systems are also in place for processing rewarding and punishing information. Here, we examine the interaction between selective attention (left vs. right) and stimulus's learned value associations (neutral, punished, or rewarded) and how they compete for control of posterior neural oscillations...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
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