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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721985/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-disease-in-a-rural-area-of-faridabad-district-haryana-india
#1
Naseem Shah, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Shashi Kant, Arpit Gupta, Vartika Kathuria, Partha Haldar, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
An oral health survey was conducted in 829 individuals in different age groups in Ballabhgarh, Haryana, India, to estimate the prevalence of Dental caries and Periodontal diseases. A survey tool was modified from WHO's STEPwise approach to surveillance and Oral Health Assessment form 2013 from recently released WHO Oral Health Survey: Basic Methods (5th Edition) keeping in mind the South East Asian region. Out of 28 villages, six villages were randomly selected. A random list of study participants (Age-sex specific) was generated from the pooled list of these 6 villages...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721461/influence-of-adjuvant-detached-mindfulness-and-stress-management-training-compared-to-pharmacologic-treatment-in-primiparae-with-postpartum-depression
#3
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Marzieh Nazaribadie, Elham Aghaei, Ali Ghaleiha, Azade Bakhtiari, Mohammad Haghighi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Amineh Akhondi, Hafez Bajoghli, Leila Jahangard, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Ten to 15% of mothers experience postpartum depression (PPD). If untreated, PPD may negatively affect mothers' and infants' mental health in the long term. Accordingly, effective treatments are required. In the present study, we investigated the effect of detached mindfulness (DM) and stress management training (SMT) as adjuvants, compared to pharmacologic treatment only, on symptoms of depression in women with PPD. Forty-five primiparae (mean age: M = 24.5 years) with diagnosed PPD and treated with an SSRI (citalopram; CIT) took part in the study...
July 18, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720203/the-personal-and-professional-face-of-the-basque-urologist-jos%C3%A3-juli%C3%A3-n-guim%C3%A3-n-rezola-1898-1980
#4
J C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts...
July 15, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719992/does-mindfulness-correlate-with-physical-function-and-pain-intensity-in-patients-with-upper-extremity-illness
#5
Reinier B Beks, Jos J Mellema, Mariano E Menendez, Neal C Chen, David Ring, Ana Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness skills training interventions seem efficacious in increasing physical function and decreasing pain intensity in patients with chronic pain. The relationship of mindfulness and upper extremity complaints in patients presenting to orthopedic surgical practices is not known. The aim of this study was to assess if mindfulness has a relationship to physical function and pain intensity in patients with upper extremity illness. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 126 patients with a nontraumatic upper extremity condition were asked to fill out questionnaires assessing the 5 facets of mindfulness, pain intensity, and upper extremity physical function, along with clinical and demographic variables prior to their visit with the surgeon...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717725/minding-the-gaps-in-cancer-pain-management-education-a-multicenter-study-of-clinical-residents-and-fellows-in-a-low-versus-high-resource-setting
#6
Charles Amoatey Odonkor, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Oswald Tetteh, Andy Haig, Robert Samuel Mayer, Thomas J Smith
PURPOSE: Inadequate pain management training has been reported as a major cause of undertreatment of cancer pain. Yet, past research has not comprehensively compared the quality of cancer pain management education among physicians in training in high-resource countries (HRCs) with those in low-resource countries (LRCs). The purpose of this study was to examine and compare gaps in cancer pain management education among physician trainees in an HRC (United States) versus an LRC (Ghana)...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#7
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711117/mechanisms-of-change-during-attention-training-and-mindfulness-in-high-trait-anxious-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Peter M McEvoy, Rachel Graville, Sarra Hayes, Robert T Kane, Jonathan K Foster
The first aim of this study was to compare attention manipulation techniques deriving from metacognitive therapy (the Attention Training Technique; ATT) and mindfulness-based approaches (Mindfulness-Based Progressive Muscle Relaxation, MB-PMR) to a thought wandering control (TWC) condition, in terms of their impact on anxiety and four mechanisms: distancing, present-focused attention, uncontrollability and dangerousness, metacognitive beliefs, and cognitive flexibility (Stroop task). The second aim was to test indirect effects of the techniques on anxiety via the mechanism measures...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710597/capsule-commentary-on-garland-et-al-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-mindfulness-training-and-hypnotic-suggestion-for-acute-pain-relief-in-the-hospital-setting
#9
Emily S Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702870/randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-mindfulness-training-and-hypnotic-suggestion-for-acute-pain-relief-in-the-hospital-setting
#10
Eric L Garland, Anne K Baker, Paula Larsen, Michael R Riquino, Sarah E Priddy, Elizabeth Thomas, Adam W Hanley, Patricia Galbraith, Nathan Wanner, Yoshio Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Medical management of acute pain among hospital inpatients may be enhanced by mind-body interventions. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a single, scripted session of mindfulness training focused on acceptance of pain or hypnotic suggestion focused on changing pain sensations through imagery would significantly reduce acute pain intensity and unpleasantness compared to a psychoeducation pain coping control. We also hypothesized that mindfulness and suggestion would produce significant improvements in secondary outcomes including relaxation, pleasant body sensations, anxiety, and desire for opioids, compared to the control condition...
July 12, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701943/aberrant-long-range-temporal-correlations-in-depression-are-attenuated-after-psychological-treatment
#11
Matti Gärtner, Mona Irrmischer, Emilia Winnebeck, Maria Fissler, Julia M Huntenburg, Titus A Schroeter, Malek Bajbouj, Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen, Vadim V Nikulin, Thorsten Barnhofer
The spontaneous oscillatory activity in the human brain shows long-range temporal correlations (LRTC) that extend over time scales of seconds to minutes. Previous research has demonstrated aberrant LRTC in depressed patients; however, it is unknown whether the neuronal dynamics normalize after psychological treatment. In this study, we recorded EEG during eyes-closed rest in depressed patients (N = 71) and healthy controls (N = 25), and investigated the temporal dynamics in depressed patients at baseline, and after attending either a brief mindfulness training or a stress reduction training...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#12
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
July 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692014/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-training-on-health-care-worker-safety-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#13
Morgan Anne Valley, Lorann Stallones
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. METHODS: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. RESULTS: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690851/combining-emotion-regulation-and-mindfulness-skills-for-preventing-depression-relapse-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Matilde Elices, Joaquim Soler, Albert Feliu-Soler, Cristina Carmona, Thais Tiana, Juan C Pascual, Azucena García-Palacios, Enric Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) skills have become increasingly used to treat several psychiatric conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of an intervention that combines emotion regulation and mindfulness skills of DBT to prevent depression relapse/recurrence. METHODS: A total of 75 individuals (79% females; mean age, 52 years) with a diagnosis of MDD in complete or partial remission were recruited...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688969/the-steinberg-centre-for-simulation-and-interactive-learning-at-mcgill-university
#15
Carmen L Mueller, Genevieve Cyr, Ilana Bank, Farhan Bhanji, Laura Birnbaum, Miriam Boillat, Marie-Eve Bolduc, Jeffrey Chankowsky, Evelyn Constantin, Beth-Ann Cummings, Rachel Fisher, Philippe Legault, N Hugo Marchand, Luis Monton, Teresa Rudkin, Bayane Sabsabi, Niki Soilis, Daniel Zigman, Rajesh Aggarwal
Simulation allows for learner-centered health professions training by providing a safe environment to practice and make mistakes without jeopardizing patient care. It was with this goal in mind that the McGill Medical Simulation Center was officially opened on September 14, 2006, as a partnership between McGill University, the Faculty of Medicine and its affiliated hospitals. Its mandate is to provide state-of-the-art facilities to support simulation-based medical and allied health education initiatives. Since its inception, the center, recently renamed the Steinberg Center for Simulation and Interactive Learning (SCSIL), has undergone a major expansion and logged more than 130,000 learner visits...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688334/-behind-closed-doors-with-open-minds-a-qualitative-study-exploring-nursing-home-staff-s-narratives-towards-their-roles-and-duties-within-the-context-of-sexuality-in-dementia
#16
T Vandrevala, T Chrysanthaki, E Ogundipe
BACKGROUND: Despite sexual expression being recognised as a fundamental human need, sexuality in old age is often ignored and frequently misunderstood, with residents with dementia in a nursing home often viewed as asexual or incapable of being sexually active. OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to understand the views held by nursing care home staff towards dementia and sexuality and explore the roles they may adopt whilst responding and managing sexual needs and expression for residents with dementia...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683799/mindfulness-and-compassion-oriented-practices-at-work-reduce-distress-and-enhance-self-care-of-palliative-care-teams-a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-an-on-the-job-program
#17
Claudia L Orellana-Rios, Lukas Radbruch, Martina Kern, Yesche U Regel, Andreas Anton, Shane Sinclair, Stefan Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Maintaining a sense of self-care while providing patient centered care, can be difficult for practitioners in palliative medicine. We aimed to pilot an "on the job" mindfulness and compassion-oriented meditation training for interdisciplinary teams designed to reduce distress, foster resilience and strengthen a prosocial motivation in the clinical encounter. METHODS: Our objective was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of this newly developed training...
July 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682255/visual-attention-saccadic-models-learn-to-emulate-gaze-patterns-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#18
Olivier Le Meur, Antoine Coutrot, Zhi Liu, Pia Rama, Adrien Le Roch, Andrea Helo
How people look at visual information reveals fundamental information about themselves, their interests and their state of mind. While previous visual attention models output static 2-dimensional saliency maps, saccadic models aim to predict not only where observers look at but also how they move their eyes to explore the scene. In this paper, we demonstrate that saccadic models are a flexible framework that can be tailored to emulate observer's viewing tendencies. More specifically, we use fixation data from 101 observers split into 5 age groups (adults, 8-10 y...
June 30, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681962/systematic-review-of-management-of-chronic-pain-after-surgery
#19
REVIEW
V Wylde, J Dennis, A D Beswick, J Bruce, C Eccleston, N Howells, T J Peters, R Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Pain present for at least 3 months after a surgical procedure is considered chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and affects 10-50 per cent of patients. Interventions for CPSP may focus on the underlying condition that indicated surgery, the aetiology of new-onset pain or be multifactorial in recognition of the diverse causes of this pain. The aim of this systematic review was to identify RCTs of interventions for the management of CPSP, and synthesize data across treatment type to estimate their effectiveness and safety...
July 6, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676757/greater-cortical-thickness-in-elderly-female-yoga-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Rui F Afonso, Joana B Balardin, Sara Lazar, João R Sato, Nadja Igarashi, Danilo F Santaella, Shirley S Lacerda, Edson Amaro, Elisa H Kozasa
Yoga, a mind-body activity that requires attentional engagement, has been associated with positive changes in brain structure and function, especially in areas related to awareness, attention, executive functions and memory. Normal aging, on the other hand, has also been associated with structural and functional brain changes, but these generally involve decreased cognitive functions. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare brain cortical thickness (CT) in elderly yoga practitioners and a group of age-matched healthy non-practitioners...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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