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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217852/basic-cardiopulmonary-life-support-bcls-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-by-trained-paramedics-and-medics-outside-the-hospital
#2
Rakesh Garg, Syed Moied Ahmed, Mukul Chandra Kapoor, Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra, Ssc Chakra Rao, M Venkatagiri Kalandoor, Jigeeshu Vasishtha Divatia, Baljit Singh
The cardiopulmonary resuscitation guideline of Basic Cardiopulmonary Life Support (BCLS) for management of adult victims with cardiopulmonary arrest outside the hospital provides an algorithmic stepwise approach for optimal outcome of the victims by trained medics and paramedics. This guideline has been developed considering the need to have a universally acceptable practice guideline for India and keeping in mind the infrastructural limitations of some areas of the country. This guideline is based on evidence elicited in the international and national literature...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211754/testing-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-evidence-for-mindful-positive-emotion-regulation-from-a-reanalysis-of-longitudinal-data
#3
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Phillipe R Goldin, James J Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory (MMT) provides a detailed process model of mindful positive emotion regulation. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc reanalysis of longitudinal data (N = 107) derived from a RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder to model the core constructs of the MMT (attentional control, decentering, broadened awareness, reappraisal, and positive affect) in a multivariate path analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211681/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-short-term-weight-loss-and-eating-behaviors-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kathleen C Spadaro, Kelliann K Davis, Susan M Sereika, Bethany B Gibbs, John M Jakicic, Susan M Cohen
Background There is a significant health crisis with rates of obesity continuing to increase despite research and clinical standard behavioral weight loss programs (SBWP). Mindfulness meditation (MM), with demonstrated benefits on physical, psychological health, and self-regulation behaviors was explored with SBWP. Methods Forty-six adults (BMI=32.5±3.7 kg/m2; age=45.2±8.2 years, 87 % female, 21.7 % African American) were randomly assigned to a 6-month SBWP only (n=24) or SBWP+MM (n=22) at a university-based physical activity and weight management research center in a northeastern US city...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209692/hackathon-public-health
#5
A Firenze, S Provenzano, O E Santangelo, E Alagna, D Piazza, M V Torregrossa
BACKGROUND: It is necessary to implement current teaching in the healthcare and university sector by promoting new tools for the enhancement of public health, bearing in mind that some health determinants seek to create a context in which to present their own idea of innovative Startup, can represent the opportunity to give your professional contribution to the development of another's idea or to propose an improved solution to the private business. On the other hand, networking with companies and networking between training participants will allow us to recognize the importance of demonstrating their diverse skills as a key element to create a successful Startup or to implement the activities of a reality already consolidated...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208617/stigma-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Edimansyah Abdin, Ellaisha Samari, Wen Lin Teh, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To assess stigma towards people with mental illness among Singapore medical and nursing students using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC), and to examine the relationship of students' stigmatising attitudes with sociodemographic and education factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in Singapore PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted among 1002 healthcare (502 medical and 500 nursing) students during April to September 2016...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201874/a-global-perspective-on-capsule-endoscopy
#7
REVIEW
Tanja Nowak
A search of the internet today to quantify the estimated value of capsules from a global perspective, easily delivers figures stating around $200 million in 2014 to about $400 million by 2020, which would be approximately 10% of the gastrointestinal endoscopic market. Is this a steep rise within just six years or could the capsule market do even better? What chances does this offer and what are the key aspects for future success? By 2020, more than 1 billion people are aged sixty or older and around one third of them will live in what the UN calls "more developed regions"...
November 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201246/differential-effects-of-attention-compassion-and-socio-cognitively-based-mental-practices-on-self-reports-of-mindfulness-and-compassion
#8
Lea K Hildebrandt, Cade McCall, Tania Singer
Research on the effects of mindfulness- and compassion-based interventions is flourishing along with self-report scales to assess facets of these broad concepts. However, debates remain as to which mental practices are most appropriate to develop the attentional, cognitive, and socio-affective facets of mindfulness and compassion. One crucial question is whether present-moment, attention-focused mindfulness practices are sufficient to induce a cascade of changes across the different proposed facets of mindfulness, including nonjudgmental acceptance, as well as compassion or whether explicit socio-affective training is required...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201137/development-and-challenges-of-palliative-care-in-indonesia-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Rudi Putranto, Endjad Mudjaddid, Hamzah Shatri, Mizanul Adli, Diah Martina
Purpose of review: To summarize the current status of palliative care and the role of psychosomatic medicine in Indonesia. Recent findings: Palliative care is not a new issue in Indonesia, which has been improving palliative care since 1992 and developed a palliative care policy in 2007 that was launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. However, the progress has been slow and varied across the country. Currently, palliative care services are only available in a few major cities, where most of the facilities for cancer treatment are located...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197947/effects-of-a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-based-skills-group-intervention-for-obese-individuals-a-brazilian-pilot-study
#10
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Ronald Patrick Araujo Liboni, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to analyze the effects of an adapted dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training group on problematic and adaptive eating behaviors in Brazilian obese individuals. METHODS: Thirty-one obese individuals were randomly assigned to 10 sessions of adapted DBT skills training (n = 14) or two months of a waiting list comparison condition (n = 17). RESULTS: Attrition rates were similar to what's been found in comparable studies, with most dropouts happening at the beginning of the treatment...
December 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183879/admission-factors-associated-with-international-medical-graduate-certification-success-a-collaborative-retrospective-review-of-postgraduate-medical-education-programs-in-ontario
#11
Lawrence E M Grierson, Mathew Mercuri, Carlos Brailovsky, Gary Cole, Caroline Abrahams, Douglas Archibald, Glen Bandiera, Susan P Phillips, Glenna Stirrett, J Mark Walton, Eric Wong, Inge Schabort
BACKGROUND: The failure rate on certification examinations of The College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) is significantly higher for international medical graduates than for Canadian medical school graduates. The purpose of the current study was to generate evidence that supports or refutes the validity of hypotheses proposed to explain the lower success rates. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses of admissions and certification data to determine the factors associated with success of international medical graduate residents on the certification examinations...
November 24, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179024/effects-of-brief-mindfulness-and-loving-kindness-meditation-inductions-on-emotional-and-behavioral-responses-to-social-rejection-among-individuals-with-high-borderline-personality-traits
#12
Shian-Ling Keng, Hui Han Tan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by an enduring pattern of instability across affective, behavioral, cognitive, and interpersonal domains. Individuals with BPD are known to be particularly vulnerable to experiences of social rejection, but little work has examined strategies that may moderate their reactivity to social rejection. Using a laboratory experimental approach, this study investigated the effects of brief mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation (LKM) inductions on emotional and behavioral responses to social rejection in a sample of adults with high BPD traits...
November 22, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175223/implementation-of-a-mindfulness-moment-initiative-for-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-facilitators
#13
Karen Duggan, Kell Julliard
CONTEXT: Mindfulness practices in the workplace have experienced rapid growth, with initial evidence suggesting positive outcomes. Even so, little is known about implementing mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), especially internally driven programs led by volunteers rather than experts. OBJECTIVE: This study qualitatively explores volunteer facilitators' perceptions of a short-dose MBI (the mindfulness moment initiative) before and 6 weeks after implementation...
November 23, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172636/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-a-mind-body-program-for-grieving-older-adults
#14
Eric Bui, Emma Chad-Friedman, Sarah Wieman, Rachel H Grasfield, Allison Rolfe, Melissa Dong, Elyse R Park, John W Denninger
BACKGROUND: Spousal bereavement in older age is a major stressor associated with an increase in both mental and physical problems. The Stress Management and Resiliency Training: Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (SMART-3RP) is an 8-week multimodal mind-body program that targets stress and has been found efficacious in decreasing the mental and physical manifestations of stress in varied populations. This qualitative study sought to investigate the relevance, credibility, and feasibility of the SMART-3RP in the community...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171511/defensive-dentistry-and-the-young-dentist-this-isn-t-what-we-signed-up-for
#15
A Al Hassan
Why did I want to become a dentist? I wanted a job where I would be respected as a professional and could change the lives of others, using my hands. This, I thought, would be my ideal profession; one where I could walk into work with a smile on my face every day. Cue dental school a place where one is trained to become competent in all areas of general dentistry. As readers will appreciate, dentistry is a vast field and the question that comes to mind is how so many diverse and varied topics can be jam packed into a five-year course...
November 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169033/mapping-complex-mind-states-eeg-neural-substrates-of-meditative-unified-compassionate-awareness
#16
Poppy L A Schoenberg, Andrea Ruf, John Churchill, Daniel P Brown, Judson A Brewer
Specific mental training cultivates diminished self-reference, encompassing non-duality, emptiness, awakened-awareness, and compassionate experiences. We aimed to elucidate the neural substrates of four distinct, interdependent Essence-of-Mind states: (1) timelessness, (2) non-preference, non-duality, non-conceptualization, (3) the view of luminosity and limitlessness, (4) unified compassionate experience of oneness (stable awakened-awareness). EEG data were collected from 30 advanced meditators concomitant to eyes-open/eyes-closed resting baseline, followed by 60-min of instructed practice...
November 20, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166665/meditation-experts-try-virtual-reality-mindfulness-a-pilot-study-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-practice-in-people-attending-a-mindfulness-conference
#17
María V Navarro-Haro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Daniel Campos, Marsha M Linehan, Hunter G Hoffman, Azucena García-Palacios, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Luis Borao, Javier García-Campayo
Regular mindfulness practice benefits people both mentally and physically, but many populations who could benefit do not practice mindfulness. Virtual Reality (VR) is a new technology that helps capture participants' attention and gives users the illusion of "being there" in the 3D computer generated environment, facilitating sense of presence. By limiting distractions from the real world, increasing sense of presence and giving people an interesting place to go to practice mindfulness, Virtual Reality may facilitate mindfulness practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166301/can-we-train-machine-learning-methods-to-outperform-the-high-dimensional-propensity-score-algorithm
#18
Mohammad Ehsanul Karim, Menglan Pang, Robert W Platt
The use of retrospective healthcare claims datasets is frequently criticized for the lack of complete information on potential confounders. Utilizing patient's health status-related information from claims datasets as surrogates or proxies for mismeasured and unobserved confounders, the high-dimensional propensity score algorithm enables us to reduce bias. Using a previously published cohort study of post-myocardial infarction statin use (1998 - 2012), we compare the performance of the algorithm with a number of popular machine learning approaches for confounder selection in high-dimensional covariate spaces: random forest, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator, and elastic net...
November 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163096/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-mind-body-training-changes-resting-state-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-the-frontal-lobe-of-older-adults-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#19
Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Jiao Liu, Natalia Egorova, Xiehua Xue, Weilin Liu, Guohua Zheng, Ming Li, Jinsong Wu, Kun Hu, Zengjian Wang, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
Age-related cognitive decline is a significant public health concern. Recently, non-pharmacological methods, such as physical activity and mental training practices, have emerged as promising low-cost methods to slow the progression of age-related memory decline. In this study, we investigated if Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and Baduanjin modulated the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) in different frequency bands (low-frequency: 0.01-0.08 Hz; slow-5: 0.01-0.027 Hz; slow-4: 0.027-0.073 Hz) and improved memory function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#20
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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