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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529122/shared-decision-making-a-buzz-word-in-the-netherlands-the-pace-quickens-towards-nationwide-implementation%C3%A2
#2
Trudy van der Weijden, Heleen Post, Paul L P Brand, Haske van Veenendaal, Ton Drenthen, Linda Aj van Mierlo, Peep Stalmeier, Olga C Damman, Anne Stiggelbout
Currently, shared decision making (SDM) is on the agenda among target patient representative groups, policy makers and professional bodies. Although the International Conference for Shared Decision Making (ISDM) 2011 generated a positive boost, hesitation was also felt among Dutch clinicians, who are challenged by many new tasks. No hesitation is seen among the majority of patients, opting mostly for the SDM model. We haven't reached these patients' needs fully yet, given disappointing research data on patients' experiences and professional behaviour...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518101/using-wavelet-entropy-to-demonstrate-how-mindfulness-practice-increases-coordination-between-irregular-cerebral-and-cardiac-activities
#3
Hin Hung Sik, Junling Gao, Jicong Fan, Bonnie Wai Yan Wu, Hang Kin Leung, Yeung Sam Hung
In both the East and West, traditional teachings say that the mind and heart are somehow closely correlated, especially during spiritual practice. One difficulty in proving this objectively is that the natures of brain and heart activities are quite different. In this paper, we propose a methodology that uses wavelet entropy to measure the chaotic levels of both electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) data and show how this may be used to explore the potential coordination between the mind and heart under different experimental conditions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515799/implementing-mindfulness-in-the-mainstream-making-the-path-by-walking-it
#4
Rebecca S Crane
There is expanding interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) within the mainstream. While there are research gaps, there is empirical evidence for these developments. Implementing new evidence into practice is always complex and difficult. Particular complexities and tensions arise when implementing MBPs in the mainstream. MBPs are emerging out of the confluence of different epistemologies-contemplative teaching and practice, and contemporary Western empiricism and culture. In the process of navigating implementation and integrity, and developing a professional practice context for this emerging field, the diverse influences within this confluence need careful attention and thought...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512859/exploring-daily-affective-changes-in-university-students-with-a-mindful-positive-reappraisal-intervention-a-daily-diary-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ekaterina Pogrebtsova, Jacqueline Craig, Alexandra Chris, Deirdre O'Shea, M Gloria González-Morales
Brief and cost-effective interventions focused on emotion regulation techniques can buffer against stress and foster positive functioning. Mindfulness and positive reappraisal are two techniques that can mutually enhance one another to promote well-being. However, research testing the effectiveness of interventions combining mindfulness and reappraisal is lacking. The current pilot examined the effect of a combined mindful-reappraisal intervention on daily affect in a 5-day diary study with 106 university students...
May 17, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508593/missense-variant-pathogenicity-predictors-generalize-well-across-a-range-of-function-specific-prediction-challenges
#6
Vikas Pejaver, Sean D Mooney, Predrag Radivojac
The steady advances in machine learning and accumulation of biomedical data have contributed to the development of numerous computational models that assess the impact of missense variants. Different methods, however, operationalize impact differently. Two common tasks in this context are the prediction of the pathogenicity of variants and the prediction of their effects on a protein's function. These are related but distinct problems and it is unclear whether methods developed for one are optimized for the other...
May 16, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501228/integrative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-pain
#7
REVIEW
Marni G Hillinger, Ruth Q Wolever, Lindsey C McKernan, Roy Elam
Integrative health modalities can provide useful tools in the management of persistent pain in the primary care setting. These modalities, such as acupuncture, mind-body medicine, diet and herbs, and movement strategies can be safely used and may provide patients with hope and empowerment. It is highly recommended that the patient work alongside trained professionals for a given modality and/or an interprofessional team.
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500415/mind-muscle-connection-training-principle-influence-of-muscle-strength-and-training-experience-during-a-pushing-movement
#8
Joaquin Calatayud, Jonas Vinstrup, Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Juan Carlos Colado, Lars L Andersen
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of different attentional focus conditions on muscle activity during the push-up exercise and to assess the possible influence of muscle strength and training experience. METHODS: Eighteen resistance-trained men performed 1RM bench press testing and were familiarized with the procedure during the first session. In the second session, three different conditions were randomly performed: regular push-up and push-up focusing on using the pectoralis major and triceps brachii muscles, respectively...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#9
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499257/distinguishing-the-cognitive-processes-of-mindfulness-developing-a-standardised-mindfulness-technique-for-use-in-longitudinal-randomised-control-trials
#10
REVIEW
Ben Isbel, Mathew J Summers
A capacity model of mindfulness is adopted to differentiate the cognitive faculty of mindfulness from the metacognitive processes required to cultivate this faculty in mindfulness training. The model provides an explanatory framework incorporating both the developmental progression from focussed attention to open monitoring styles of mindfulness practice, along with the development of equanimity and insight. A standardised technique for activating these processes without the addition of secondary components is then introduced...
May 9, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497699/humanitarian-space-and-well-being-effectiveness-of-training-on-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-host-community-refugee-interaction
#11
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Rebecca S Hock, Lindsey Parnarouskis, David C Henderson, Gregory L Fricchione
Social and fieldworkers face enormous challenges in assisting millions of Syrian refugees in Lebanon since the Syrian war in 2011. We sought to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted version of the SMART-3RP (Stress Management Relaxation Response Resilience Training) training to address the emotional and physical burden on the humanitarian field. Data were collected using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), blood pressure, pulse and a brief qualitative survey at months 0, 3, 6 and 9. We compared mean SCL-90 scores and physiological measures from these time points and subjected qualitative data to a thematic analysis...
May 12, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493923/brief-relaxation-training-is-not-sufficient-to-alter-tolerance-to-experimental-pain-in-novices
#12
Karen E Smith, Greg J Norman
Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and muscle relaxation, are aspects common to most forms of mindfulness training. There is now an abundance of research demonstrating that mindfulness training has beneficial effects across a wide range of clinical conditions, making it an important tool for clinical intervention. One area of extensive research is on the beneficial effects of mindfulness on experiences of pain. However, the mechanisms of these effects are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that the relaxation components of mindfulness training, through alterations in breathing and muscle tension, leads to changes in parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system functioning which influences pain circuits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488826/soccer-training-high-intensity-interval-training-is-mood-disturbing-while-small-sided-games-ensure-mood-balance
#13
Okba Selmi, Monoem Haddad, Lina Majed, Wissam Ben Khalifa, Marzougui Hamza, Karim Chamari
BACKGROUNDː The aim of the study was to compare the effects of high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) versus small-sided games (SSG) in soccer on both the physiological responses and the mood state of players. METHODS: Sixteen professional soccer players took part in the study (age: 24.1±0.9 years). Testing of players was conducted on separate days in a randomized and counter-balanced order (each training session: 28-min: 4x4 minutes work with 3-min of passive recovery in-between)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486559/online-mindfulness-as-a-promising-method-to-improve-exercise-capacity-in-heart-disease-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Rinske A Gotink, John O Younge, Machteld F Wery, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Michelle Michels, Dimitris Rizopoulos, Liesbeth F C van Rossum, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Myriam M G Hunink
There is increasing evidence that mindfulness can reduce stress, and thereby affect other psychological and physiological outcomes as well. Earlier, we reported the direct 3-month results of an online modified mindfulness-based stress reduction training in patients with heart disease, and now we evaluate the effect at 12-month follow-up. 324 patients (mean age 43.2 years, 53.7% male) were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to additional 3-month online mindfulness training or to usual care alone. The primary outcome was exercise capacity measured with the 6 minute walk test (6MWT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482639/chinese-calligraphy-writing-for-augmenting-attentional-control-and-working-memory-of-older-adults-at-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Sam C C Chan, Chetwyn C H Chan, Abiot Y Derbie, Irene Hui, Davynn G H Tan, Marco Y C Pang, Stephen C L Lau, Kenneth N K Fong
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological intervention for individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) needs further investigation. OBJECTIVES: Test efficacy of eight-week Chinese calligraphy writing training improving attentional control and working memory. METHODS: Ninety-nine participants with MCI were randomized into the eight-week calligraphy writing (n = 48) or control (tablet computer) training (n = 51). Outcomes of the interventions were attentional control, working memory, visual scan and processing speed...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481775/elapsed-time-between-the-first-symptoms-of-breast-cancer-and-medical-help-seeking-behavior-and-the-affecting-factors
#16
Sebahat Gözüm, Ayla Tuzcu
BACKGROUND: Many studies have determined that the time between women's realization of first symptoms and seeking help from a healthcare professional is more than 1 month. The situation is defined as delay in medical help-seeking behavior (MHSB). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the time elapsed between the first symptoms of breast cancer and MHSB, as well as the factors contributing to the delay. METHODS: In this descriptive study, the data were collected from 132 patients who received a diagnosis of breast cancer and are receiving treatment in the Oncology Clinic of Akdeniz University Hospital...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475123/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-inpatients-with-psychosis-the-reach-study-protocol-for-treatment-development-and-pilot-testing
#17
Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Gary Epstein-Lubow, Jennifer E Johnson, Kim T Mueser, Ivan W Miller
Patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders frequently require treatment at inpatient hospitals during periods of acute illness for crisis management and stabilization. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a "third wave" cognitive-behavioral intervention that employs innovative mindfulness-based strategies, has shown initial efficacy in randomized controlled trials for improving acute and post-discharge outcomes in patients with psychosis when studied in acute-care psychiatric hospitals in the U.S. However, the intervention has not been widely adopted in its current form because of its use of an individual-only format and delivery by doctoral-level research therapists with extensive prior experience using ACT...
May 5, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#18
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471780/well-being-in-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#19
Jonathan A Ripp, Michael R Privitera, Colin West, Richard Leiter, Lia Logio, Jo Shapiro, Hasan Bazari
Job burnout is highly prevalent in graduate medical trainees. Numerous demands and stressors drive the development of burnout in this population, leading to significant and potentially tragic consequences, not only for trainees but also for the patients and communities they serve. The literature on interventions to reduce resident burnout is limited but suggests that both individual- and system-level approaches are effective. Work hours limitations and mindfulness training are each likely to have modest benefit...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470071/nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-evidence-based-practice-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-in-malawi
#20
Chisomo Mulenga, Joanne R Naidoo
BACKGROUND: HIV continues to be a global public health concern with Malawi being among the worst affected countries. The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women is also very high, thereby raising concerns of mother-to-child transmission of the virus. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is therefore a priority in the efforts to curb the HIV pandemic. Keeping in mind that the area of HIV management is rapidly evolving, underpinning nursing care with evidence-based practice is essential and has been reported to reduce mother-to-child transmission...
April 12, 2017: Curationis
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