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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920264/activities-in-dementia-care-a-comparative-assessment-of-activity-types
#1
Elizabeth Lokon, Philip E Sauer, Yue Li
This exploratory study compares the impact of five activity types on the well-being of institutionalized people with dementia: the intergenerational art program Opening Minds through Art, art and music therapies, creative activities, non-creative activities, and no activities at all. We validated the Scripps Modified Greater Cincinnati Chapter Well-Being Observational Tool, and used that instrument to systematically observe N = 67 people with dementia as they participated in different activity types. People with dementia showed the highest well-being scores during Opening Minds through Art compared to all other activities...
December 5, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917121/neurochemical-and-neuroanatomical-plasticity-following-memory-training-and-yoga-interventions-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#2
Hongyu Yang, Amber M Leaver, Prabha Siddarth, Pattharee Paholpak, Linda Ercoli, Natalie M St Cyr, Harris A Eyre, Katherine L Narr, Dharma S Khalsa, Helen Lavretsky
Behavioral interventions are becoming increasingly popular approaches to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline, but their underlying neurobiological mechanisms and clinical efficiency have not been fully elucidated. The present study explored brain plasticity associated with two behavioral interventions, memory enhancement training (MET) and a mind-body practice (yogic meditation), in healthy seniors with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) using structural magnetic resonance imaging (s-MRI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS)...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911298/a-24-week-multi-modality-exercise-program-improves-executive-control-in%C3%A2-older-adults-with-a-self-reported-cognitive-complaint-evidence-from%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-antisaccade-task
#3
Matthew Heath, Erin Shellington, Sam Titheridge, Dawn P Gill, Robert J Petrella
Exercise programs involving aerobic and resistance training (i.e., multiple-modality) have shown promise in improving cognition and executive control in older adults at risk, or experiencing, cognitive decline. It is, however, unclear whether cognitive training within a multiple-modality program elicits an additive benefit to executive/cognitive processes. This is an important question to resolve in order to identify optimal training programs that delay, or ameliorate, executive deficits in persons at risk for further cognitive decline...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909417/defining-contemplative-science-the-metacognitive-self-regulatory-capacity-of-the-mind-context-of-meditation-practice-and-modes-of-existential-awareness
#4
Dusana Dorjee
The term 'contemplative' is now frequently used in the fast growing field of meditation research. Yet, there is no consensus regarding the definition of contemplative science. Meditation studies commonly imply that contemplative practices such as mindfulness or compassion are the subject of contemplative science. Such approach, arguably, contributes to terminological confusions in the field, is not conducive to the development of an overarching theory in contemplative science, and overshadows its unique methodological features...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907850/automated-annotation-and-quantitative-description-of-ultrasound-videos-of-the-fetal-heart
#5
Christopher P Bridge, Christos Ioannou, J Alison Noble
Interpretation of ultrasound videos of the fetal heart is crucial for the antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). We believe that automated image analysis techniques could make an important contribution towards improving CHD detection rates. However, to our knowledge, no previous work has been done in this area. With this goal in mind, this paper presents a framework for tracking the key variables that describe the content of each frame of freehand 2D ultrasound scanning videos of the healthy fetal heart...
November 19, 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906104/the-effects-of-computer-based-mindfulness-training-on-self-control-and-mindfulness-within-ambulatorily-assessed-network-systems-across-health-related-domains-in-a-healthy-student-population-smash-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Zarah Rowland, Mario Wenzel, Thomas Kubiak
BACKGROUND: Self-control is an important ability in everyday life, showing associations with health-related outcomes. The aim of the Self-control and Mindfulness within Ambulatorily assessed network Systems across Health-related domains (SMASH) study is twofold: first, the effectiveness of a computer-based mindfulness training will be evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. Second, the SMASH study implements a novel network approach in order to investigate complex temporal interdependencies of self-control networks across several domains...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905332/publication-rates-from-the-all-india-ophthalmic-conference-2010-compared-to-2000-are-we-improving
#7
R Kumaragurupari, Sabyasachi Sengupta, Sahil Bhandari
PURPOSE: To determine the publication rates of free papers and posters presented at the All India Ophthalmic Conference (AIOC) 2010 in peer-reviewed journals up to December 2015 and compare this with publication rates from AIOC2000 published previously. METHODS: A thorough literature search was conducted using PubMed, Google Scholar, and the general Google search engine by two independent investigators. The title of the paper, keywords and author names were used to "match" the AIOC free-paper with the published paper...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894358/attentional-and-affective-consequences-of-technology-supported-mindfulness-training-a-randomised-active-control-efficacy-trial
#8
Sheffy Bhayee, Patricia Tomaszewski, Daniel H Lee, Graeme Moffat, Lou Pino, Sylvain Moreno, Norman A S Farb
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training (MT) programs represent an approach to attention training with well-validated mental health benefits. However, research supporting MT efficacy is based predominantly on weekly-meeting, facilitator-led, group-intervention formats. It is unknown whether participants might benefit from neurofeedback-assisted, technology-supported MT (N-tsMT), in which meditation is delivered individually, without the need for a facilitator, travel to a training site, or the presence of a supportive group environment...
November 29, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891085/pain-perception-can-be-modulated-by-mindfulness-training-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#9
I-Wen Su, Fang-Wei Wu, Keng-Chen Liang, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Sung-Tsang Hsieh, Wei-Zen Sun, Tai-Li Chou
The multi-dimensional nature of pain renders difficult a holistic understanding of it. The conceptual framework of pain is said to be cognitive-evaluative, in addition to being sensory-discriminative and affective-motivational. To compare participants' brain-behavior response before and after a 6-week mindfulness-based stress reduction training course on mindfulness in relation to pain modulation, three questionnaires (the Dallas Pain Questionnaire, Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire-SFMPQ, and Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness) as well as resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging were administered to participants, divided into a pain-afflicted group (N = 18) and a control group (N = 16)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885763/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Mark D Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Compared to first-generation mindfulness-based interventions, SG-MBIs are more acknowledging of the spiritual aspect of mindfulness. DESIGN: A RCT employing intent-to-treat analysis. METHODS: Adults with FMS received an 8-week SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT; n = 74) or an active control intervention known as cognitive behaviour theory for groups (n = 74)...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876736/-the-speech-audiometry-using-the-matrix-sentence-test
#12
M Yu Boboshko, E V Zhilinskaya, A Vazhybok, N V Mal'tseva, M Tsokol', B Kol'meier
The matrix sentence test in which the five-word semantically unpredictable sentences presented under the background noise conditions are used as the speech material was designed and validated for many languages. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the Russian version of the matrix sentence test (RuMatrix test) in the listeners of different ages with normal hearing. At the first stage of the study, 35 listeners at the age from 18 to 33 year were examined. The results of the estimation of the training effect dictated the necessity of conducting two training tracks before carrying out the RuMatrix test proper...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875001/patient-and-family-centered-care-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-challenge-in-the-daily-practice-of-healthcare-professionals
#13
M M C van Mol, G W Boeter, L Verharen, E J O Kompanje, J Bakker, M D Nijkamp
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of supportive interventions perceived by both the ICU patients' relatives and the healthcare providers, such as deferred intake interviews for providing information and discussing the emotional impacts, encouragement to keep a diary, and the introduction of weekly psychosocial rounds, on the perceptions of relatives of patients in the intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Patient- and family-centered care is gaining interest, with a shift from provider-centric norms to care arranged around patients' and relatives individual beliefs and needs...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870434/do-sex-differences-in-rumination-explain-sex-differences-in-depression
#14
REVIEW
Tracey J Shors, Emma M Millon, Han Yan M Chang, Ryan L Olson, Brandon L Alderman
It is generally accepted that women tend to ruminate more than men do and these thought patterns are often associated with depressive symptoms (Nolen-Hoeksema et al., ). Based on these findings, we considered whether the relationship between rumination and depression is stronger in women than in men and if so, whether this might explain the higher prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in women and finally, whether the association can be disrupted through a mind/body intervention. Adult men and women, most of whom were clinically depressed, participated in an intervention known as MAP Training, which combines "mental" training with silent meditation and "physical" training with aerobic exercise (Shors et al...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868176/-mindfulness-training-for-psychiatrists-in-residency-a-pilot-study
#15
H J R Hoenders, S H Booij, H Knegtering, H van den Brink
Medical students and psychiatrists in residency run a high risk for burnout. Furthermore, while at medical school, students seem to experience a reduction in empathy; this seems to be linked to a high level of stress. Interventions based on mindfulness training appear to reduce stress and increase empathy in medical students. Trainees in psychiatric residency might also benefit from mindfulness training.<br/> AIM: To assess the effects that a mindfulness course has on perceived stress and empathy in psychiatrists in residency...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868134/developing-and-validating-a-localised-self-training-mindfulness-programme-for-older-singaporean-adults-effects-on-cognitive-functioning-and-implications-on-healthcare
#16
Bryan Wei Hoe Tam, Dana Rui Ting Lo, Daniel Wen Hao Seah, Jun Xian Lee, Zann Fang Ying Foo, Zoe Yu Yah Poh, Fionna Xiu Jun Thong, Sam Kim Yang Sim, Chew Sim Chee
There is relatively less research available on the effect of mindfulness on cognitive functioning. However, it has recently gained more attention due to the ageing population, as catalysed by recent findings on brain function and cellular ageing. Recognising the potential benefits of practicing mindfulness, we aimed to develop a localised, self-training mindfulness programme, guided by expert practitioners and usability testing, for older Singaporean adults. This was followed by a pilot study to examine the effects of this self-training programme on the cognitive functioning in older adults in Singapore...
November 21, 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868083/combining-social-cognitive-treatment-cognitive-remediation-and-functional-skills-training-in-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Javier Peña, Naroa Ibarretxe-Bilbao, Pedro Sánchez, Maria B Iriarte, Edorta Elizagarate, Maria A Garay, Miguel Gutiérrez, Aránzazu Iribarren, Natalia Ojeda
This study examined the efficacy of an integrative cognitive remediation program (REHACOP) in improving cognition and functional outcome in patients with schizophrenia. The program combines cognitive remediation, social cognitive intervention, and functional skills training. Few studies have attempted this approach. One hundred and eleven patients diagnosed with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to either the cognitive remediation group (REHACOP) or an active control group (occupational activities) for 4 months (three sessions per week, 90 min)...
2016: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863607/-awareness-is-the-first-step-an-interprofessional-course-on-mindfulness-mindful-movement-for-healthcare-professionals-and-students
#18
Patricia Kinser, Sarah Braun, George Deeb, Caroline Carrico, Alan Dow
High levels of stress and related burnout in healthcare professionals (HCPs) are prevalent and costly conditions. Mindfulness training has received recent attention as a possible prevention/intervention strategy to enhance resilience to stress and reduce risk of burnout in HCPs. The purpose of this mixed-methods pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of an 8-week mindfulness curriculum for interprofessional HCPs and trainees (n = 27). Qualitative findings supported feasibility and acceptability of the course for a wide variety of HCP disciplines, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, social work, mental health, and clinical research...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860436/how-do-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-mentalize-when-interacting-with-their-infants
#19
Andrée-Anne Marcoux, Annie Bernier, Jean R Séguin, Jennifer Boike Armerding, Karlen Lyons-Ruth
Mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been theorized to have decreased mentalization ability, which is the capacity to perceive and interpret mental states. This could increase the risk for troubled relationships with their infants and therefore have adverse consequences for child social and emotional development. Mind-mindedness (MM), which codes the mother's references to her infant's mental states during an interaction, is one method of indexing mothers' mentalizing ability. However, research has yet to examine MM in mothers with BPD...
November 16, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856009/redefining-ladd-s-path
#20
REVIEW
Mary E Fallat
Inspiration and innovation go hand in hand. Throughout history tragedies, including those personal and life altering, have inspired susceptible minds to find innovative ways to educate and tackle difficult problems. This address is first about origins. It weaves the story of how incredible individuals and events have shaped similar circumstances into not only our profession of pediatric surgery beginning with William E. Ladd, but also the emergency and trauma care system in this country. The address circles back to look at the past and future of our profession of pediatric surgery...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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