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coccidioidomycosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447170/imported-endemic-mycoses-in-spain-evolution-of-hospitalized-cases-clinical-characteristics-and-correlation-with-migratory-movements-1997-2014
#1
Daniel Molina-Morant, Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Fernando Salvador, Augusto Sao-Avilés, Israel Molina
Endemic mycoses are systemic fungal infections. Histoplasmosis is endemic in all temperate areas of the world; coccidioidomycosis and paracoccidioidomycosis are only present in the American continent. These pathogens are not present in Spain, but in the last years there has been an increase of reported cases due to migration and temporary movements. We obtained from the Spanish hospitals records clinical and demographic data of all hospitalized cases between 1997 and 2014. There were 286 cases of histoplasmosis, 94 of Coccidioidomycosis and 25 of paracoccidioidomycosis...
February 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426026/lung-health-in-era-of-climate-change-and-dust-storms
#2
REVIEW
Michael D Schweitzer, Andrew S Calzadilla, Oriana Salamo, Arash Sharifi, Naresh Kumar, Gregory Holt, Michael Campos, Mehdi Mirsaeidi
Dust storms are strong winds which lead to particle exposure over extensive areas. These storms influence air quality on both a local and global scale which lead to both short and long-term effects. The frequency of dust storms has been on the rise during the last decade. Forecasts suggest that their incidence will increase as a response to the effects of climate change and anthropogenic activities. Elderly people, young children, and individuals with chronic cardiopulmonary diseases are at the greatest risk for health effects of dust storms...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383771/coccidioidomycosis-imported-and-possible-domestic-cases-in-china-a-case-report-and-review-1958-2017
#3
Guanzhao Liang, Yongnian Shen, Guixia Lv, Hailin Zheng, Huan Mei, Xiaoli Zheng, Xue Kong, Oliver Blechert, Dongmei Li, Weida Liu
We report a case of imported pulmonary coccidioidomycosis caused by Coccidioides posadasii in a patient who was misdiagnosed as tuberculosis and mistreated with antituberculosis medications for 18 months. The symptoms were not relieved until antifungal treatment was started. An extensive review of the coccidioidomycosis cases occurring in China reveals 38 cases, 16 of which had no associated history of travel to any traditional endemic areas. We speculate that some factors may drive Coccidioides spp. transference to China, which then causes those domestic infections...
January 31, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374638/fluctuating-hypercalcaemia-caused-by-cavitary-mycobacterium-bovis-pulmonary-infection
#4
Darren Patrick Moloney, Liam Chawke, Mairead Therese Crowley, Terence M O'Connor
Hypercalcaemia occurs in many granulomatous diseases. Among them, sarcoidosis and tuberculosis are the most common causes. Other causes include berylliosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, Crohn's disease, silicone-induced granulomas, cat-scratch disease, Wegener's granulomatosis and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Hypercalcaemia in granulomatous disease occurs as a consequence of dysregulated production of 1,25-(OH)2 D3 (calcitriol) by activated macrophages in granulomas. Hypercalcaemia in patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection has been reported in 0%-28% of cases...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351943/role-of-modified-eloesser-flap-in-the-treatment-of-bronchopleural-fistula-caused-by-pulmonary-coccidioidomycosis
#5
Orlando Garner, Alfredo Iardino, Ana Ramirez, Yasir Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346251/combined-endosonography-reduces-time-to-diagnose-pulmonary-coccidioidomycosis
#6
Raj A Shah, Jose J Vempilly, Shaikh M Noor Ul Husnain, Pravachan Hegde
Coccidioidomycosis causes significant morbidity in endemic areas. In the absence of sensitive diagnostic serologic testing, clinicians have increasingly relied on lung and lymph node biopsies for diagnosis. Recently, endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been shown to be an excellent sampling method for the diagnosis and staging of lung cancers, especially when combined with endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). We present 13 consecutive cases where EBUS-TBNA and/or EUS-FNA of pulmonary lymph nodes were performed as part of the workup for pulmonary coccidioidomycosis...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244019/prevalence-healthcare-resource-utilization-and-overall-burden-of-fungal-meningitis-in-the-united-states
#7
Lefko T Charalambous, Alykhan Premji, Caroline Tybout, Anastasia Hunt, Drew Cutshaw, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Siyun Yang, Jichun Xie, Charles Giamberardino, Promila Pagadala, John R Perfect, Shivanand P Lad
PURPOSE: Previous epidemiological and cost studies of fungal meningitis have largely focused on single pathogens, leading to a poor understanding of the disease in general. We studied the largest and most diverse group of fungal meningitis patients to date, over the longest follow-up period, to examine the broad impact on resource utilization within the United States. METHODOLOGY: The Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database was used to identify patients with a fungal meningitis diagnosis in the United States between 2000 and 2012...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237660/disseminated-coccidioidomycosis-related-cervical-intramedullary-lesion-causing-quadriplegia-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#8
James Michael Noto, Raquel Nahra, Tapan Kavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228363/testing-for-coccidioidomycosis-in-emergency-departments-in-arizona
#9
Mohammed A Khan, Shane Brady, Ken K Komatsu
Testing practices for coccidioidomycosis in the emergency department are poorly understood. We described characteristics of patients tested for coccidioidomycosis in emergency departments in Arizona and examined coccidioidomycosis testing among community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients. Emergency department visit records for patients tested for coccidioidomycosis and CAP patients were extracted from the Arizona hospital discharge database. In sum, 2.8% of CAP patients were tested for coccidioidomycosis. The proportion of patients tested varied substantially by healthcare facility and provider...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212702/multicenter-clinical-validation-of-a-cartridge-based-real-time-pcr-system-for-detection-of-coccidioides-spp-in-lower-respiratory-specimens
#10
Michael A Saubolle, Bette R Wojack, Anne M Wertheimer, Atehkeng Z Fuayagem, Stephen Young, Brian A Koeneman
Available methods for the diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis have significant shortcomings relative to accuracy and timeliness. We retrospectively and prospectively evaluated the diagnostic performance and reproducibility of a new cartridge-based real-time PCR assay for Coccidioides spp. directly in lower respiratory secretions and compared them to today's gold standard fungal culture. The GeneSTAT® Coccidioides Assay uses a 106-bp target sequence repeated multiple times (∼60X) per genome, thus, lowering the limit of detection (LOD) for extracted DNA to 10 genome equivalents/ml...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185961/recommendations-for-the-management-of-pulmonary-fungal-infections-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
REVIEW
Massimo Galli, Spinello Antinori, Fabiola Atzeni, Luca Meroni, Agostino Riva, Carlo Scirè, Fulvio Adorni, Luca Quartuccio, Marco Sebastiani, Paolo Airò, Laura Bazzichi, Francesco Cristini, Valerio Del Bono, Andreina Manfredi, Ombretta Viapiana, Francesco De Rosa, Ennio Favalli, Enzo Petrelli, Carlo Salvarani, Marcello Govoni, Silvia Corcione, Rossana Scrivo, Loredana Sarmati, Adriano Lazzarin, Walter Grassi, Claudio Mastroianni, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Gianfranco Ferraccioli, Maurizio Cutolo, Salvatore De Vita, Giovanni Lapadula, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Orlando Armignacco, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Often life-threatening pulmonary fungal infections (PFIs) can occur in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Most of the data concerning PFIs in RA patients come from case reports and retrospective case series. Of the ve most widely described PFIs, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) has rarely been seen outside Japan, pulmonary cryptococcosis has been diagnosed in only a small number of patients worldwide, pulmonary coccidioidomycosis has almost only been observed in endemic areas, the limited number of cases of pulmonary histoplasmosis have mainly occurred in the USA, and the rare cases of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis have only been encountered in leukopenic patients...
November 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130603/proteogenomic-re-annotation-of-coccidioides-posadasii-strain-silveira
#12
Natalie M Mitchell, Andrew L Sherrard, Surendra Dasari, D Mitchell Magee, Thomas E Grys, Douglas F Lake
The aims of this study were to provide protein-based evidence upon which to re-annotate of the genome of C. posadasii, one of two closely related species of Coccidioides, a dimorphic fungal pathogen that causes coccidioidomycosis, also called Valley Fever. Proteins present in lysates and filtrates of in vitro grown mycelia and parasitic phase spherules from C. posadasii strain Silveira were analyzed using a GeLC-MS/MS method. Acquired spectra were processed with a proteogenomics workflow comprising a Silveira proteome database, a 6-frame translation of the Silveira genome and an ab initio gene prediction tool prior to validation against published ESTs...
November 12, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129768/whats-new-in-spinal-coccidioidomycosis
#13
Salman Sharif, Nasr Hussain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124249/relating-coccidioidomycosis-valley-fever-incidence-to-soil-moisture-conditions
#14
E J Coopersmith, J E Bell, K Benedict, J Shriber, O McCotter, M H Cosh
Coccidioidomycosis (also called Valley fever) is caused by a soilborne fungus, Coccidioides spp., in arid regions of the southwestern United States. Though some who develop infections from this fungus remain asymptomatic, others develop respiratory disease as a consequence. Less commonly, severe illness and death can occur when the infection spreads to other regions of the body. Previous analyses have attempted to connect the incidence of coccidioidomycosis to broadly available climatic measurements, such as precipitation or temperature...
April 17, 2017: GeoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107717/coccidioidomycosis-for-neurosurgeons
#15
Gabriel C Tender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053941/a-point-source-outbreak-of-coccidioidomycosis-among-a-highway-construction-crew
#16
Mark Nicas
Coccidioidomycosis is an infection caused by inhaling spores of the soil fungus Coccidioides immitis (hereafter termed Cocci). Cocci is endemic in certain areas of California. When soil containing the fungus is disturbed, as during earth-moving activities, respirable Cocci spores can become airborne and be inhaled by persons in the vicinity. This paper describes a cluster of seven Cocciodioidomycosis cases among a highway construction crew that occurred in June/July 2008 in Kern County, CA, which is among the most highly endemic regions for Cocci in California...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032736/coccidioidomycosis-immunoglobulin-deficiency-safety-challenges-with-car-t-cells-therapy-for-relapsed-lymphoma
#17
Umar Zahid, Al-Aman Shaukat, Nida Hassan, Faiz Anwer
Treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma may require allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), but treatment of post-transplant relapse disease remains very challenging. Donor lymphocyte infusion and blinatumomab have been used with limited success for the treatment of relapse. Initial data on donor-derived CAR T cells has shown this modality to be safe and highly effective in various hematological malignancies. We present a case of a patient with highly refractory, transformed follicular lymphoma who failed both autologous and allogenic HSCT...
October 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935008/coccidioidomycosis-in-an-indoor-housed-rhesus-macaque-macaca-mulatta
#18
Mila C Kundu, Michael A Ringenberg, Denise L d'Epagnier, Heather L Haag, Sean Maguire
Coccidioides spp. are saprophytic, dimorphic fungi that are endemic to arid climates, are capable of infecting many species, and result in diverse clinical presentations. An indoor-housed laboratory rhesus macaque presented with weight loss and decreased activity and appetite. During the diagnostic evaluation, a bronchiolar-alveolar pattern in the cranial lung lobes, consistent with bronchopneumonia, was noted on radiographs. Given the poor prognosis, the macaque was euthanized. Confirming the radiographic assessment, gross necropsy findings included multifocal to coalescing areas of consolidation in the right and left cranial lung lobes...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911256/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-in-patients-with-aids-and-disseminated-coccidioidomycosis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Anandit Mu, Thwe Thwe Shein, Priya Jayachandran, Simon Paul
Coccidioidomycosis causes substantial morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, and dissemination is frequent in patients with impaired cellular immunity such as AIDS. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is paradoxical clinical worsening after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a patient with HIV and a simultaneous opportunistic infection (OI). Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome has been well described for a host of mycobacterial, viral, and fungal OIs and malignancies such as Kaposi sarcoma...
November 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857979/coccidioidomycosis-involving-lungs-and-skin-a-mimicker-of-metastatic-disease
#20
Barbara Saenz-Ibarra, Victor G Prieto, Carlos A Torres-Cabala, Auris Huen, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Michael T Tetzlaff, Jonathan L Curry, Doina Ivan, Phyu P Aung
Coccidioidomycosis is the major systemic mycoses, considered to be 1 of the most infectious fungal diseases. In symptomatic patients, the most common manifestation is pulmonary disease, but many other organs can be affected. Disseminated disease occurs in 1%-5% of all patients affected by coccidioidomycosis and can affect any organ, with the skin, central nervous system, and musculoskeletal system being reported as the most prevalent. Here, we report a 42-year-old male farmer from the west Texas who presented with an approximately 2-month history of progressive shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion, weight loss, and night sweats...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
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