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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226017/-evaluation-of-psychosocial-care-centers-structure-in-the-region-of-m%C3%A3-dio-paraopeba-minas-gerais-brazil
#1
Sarah Nascimento Silva, Marina Guimarães Lima
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the physical facilities, human resources and activities developed in the Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS) in the region of Médio Paraopeba, Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2014. METHODS: this is an evaluation study of the dimensions of structure and processes proposed by Donabedian, based on recommendations of the Ministry of Health and current laws; semi-structured forms were used to interview health managers; direct observation of mental health services was performed...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#2
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216767/mental-health-and-the-law-an-overview-and-need-to-develop-and-strengthen-the-discipline-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-india
#3
REVIEW
Pratima Murthy, B C Malathesh, C Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math
Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental health care has largely been reactive, but newer legislations and policies carry the hope of proactive reform. The lack of trained human resources is one of the biggest problems in effective mental health care delivery in India...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#4
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213396/fear-by-association-perceptions-of-anti-immigrant-policy-and-health-outcomes
#5
Edward D Vargas, Gabriel R Sanchez, Melina Juárez
The United States is experiencing a renewed period of immigration and immigrant policy activity as well as heightened enforcement of such policies. This intensified activity can affect various aspects of immigrant health, including mental health. We use the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493) to examine the relationship between immigration and immigrant policy and Latino health and well-being. We estimate a series of categorical regression models and find that there are negative health consequences associated with Latinos' perceptions of living in states with unfavorable anti-immigration laws, including reporting poor health and problems with mental health...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196462/should-mental-disorders-be-a-basis-for-physician-assisted-death
#6
Paul S Appelbaum
Laws permitting physician-assisted death in the United States currently are limited to terminal conditions. Canada is considering whether to extend the practice to encompass intractable suffering caused by mental disorders, and the question inevitably will arise in the United States. Among the problems seen in countries that have legalized assisted death for mental disorders are difficulties in assessing the disorder's intractability and the patient's decisional competence, and the disproportionate involvement of patients with social isolation and personality disorders...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186070/thought-spot-co-creating-mental-health-solutions-with-post-secondary-students
#7
David Wiljer, Andrew Johnson, Erica McDiarmid, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Genevieve Ferguson, Elisa Hollenberg, Nicole van Heerwaarden, Tim Tripp, Marcus Law
It is difficult for the nearly 20% of Canadian 15- to 24-year olds reporting symptoms to seek the help they need within the current mental health system. Web-based and mobile health interventions are promising tools for reaching this group; having the capacity to reduce access-to-service barriers and engage youth in promoting their mental well-being. A three-phased, iterative, co-creation developmental approach was used to develop Thought Spot, a platform to better enable post-secondary students to seek mental health support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167724/increased-service-use-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-associated-with-mental-health-parity-law
#8
Elizabeth A Stuart, Emma E McGinty, Luther Kalb, Haiden A Huskamp, Susan H Busch, Teresa B Gibson, Howard Goldman, Colleen L Barry
Health care services for children with autism spectrum disorder are often expensive and frequently not covered under private health insurance. The 2008 Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act was viewed as a possible means of improving access by eliminating differences between behavioral health and medical/surgical benefits. We examined whether the legislation was associated with increased use of and spending on mental health care and functional services for children with autism spectrum disorder compared to the period prior to implementation of the law...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152991/mental-health-of-african-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-in-hong-kong-using-the-social-determinants-of-health-framework
#9
William Chi Wai Wong, Sealing Cheung, Heidi Yin Hai Miu, Julie Chen, Kelley Ann Loper, Eleanor Holroyd
BACKGROUND: Hong Kong is non-signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, and has no systematic domestic policies committed to the rights of asylum-seekers and refugees (ASRs). This creates a tenuous setting for African ASRs there. This study explored how mapped social determinates of health has impacted the mental health and wellbeing of African ASR's in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 374 African ASRs. The survey comprised of: (a) socio-demographics; (b) health status; (c) health behaviours; and, (d) social experiences...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134394/evaluation-and-management-of-female-victims-of-sexual-assault
#10
Roxanne A Vrees
Sexual assault is characterized by any sexual contact or behavior that occurs without explicit consent. Classifications vary based on the status of the perpetrator's relationship to the victim (eg, stranger, acquaintance) and characteristics of the victim herself (eg, child, elder adult, mentally disabled adult). Regardless of the classification, sexual assault is a significant individual as well as public health issue affecting women of all ages. While the majority of sexual assault cases are not initially reported to law enforcement, the best available data suggest the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault in the United States is approximately 20% among adult women...
January 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130949/how-appropriate-is-all-this-data-sharing-building-consensus-around-what-we-need-to-know-about-shared-electronic-health-records-in-extended-circles-of-care
#11
Josephine McMurray, Kelly A Grindrod, Catherine Burns
BACKGROUND: The bulk of healthcare spending is on individuals who have complex needs related to age, income, chronic disease and mental illness. Care involves many different professions, and interoperable electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly essential. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to describe the use of a nominal group technique (NGT) to develop a stakeholder-centred research agenda for clinical interoperability in extended circles of care that include social supports...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124806/-unladylike-commotion-early-feminism-and-nursing-s-role-in-gender-trans-dialogue
#12
Marsha D Fowler
From nursing's history comes the impetus and grounding for our current voice in gender/trans dialogue. Modern nursing struggled its way into being against restrictive, unjust, and oppressive social structures. Many of the obstructions and constraints that nurses and nursing leaders faced were shared by the general populace of women, and yet nurses were different from other women. Nurses worked outside the home, caring for strangers, including unrelated men, in a period when women were otherwise confined to the home...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097428/goal-formulation-and-tracking-in-child-mental-health-settings-when-is-it-more-likely-and-is-it-associated-with-satisfaction-with-care
#13
Jenna Jacob, Davide De Francesco, Jessica Deighton, Duncan Law, Miranda Wolpert, Julian Edbrooke-Childs
Goal formulation and tracking may support preference-based care. Little is known about the likelihood of goal formulation and tracking and associations with care satisfaction. Logistic and Poisson stepwise regressions were performed on clinical data for N = 3757 children from 32 services in the UK (M age = 11; SDage = 3.75; most common clinician-reported presenting problem was emotional problems = 55.6%). Regarding the likelihood of goal formulation, it was more likely for pre-schoolers, those with learning difficulties or those with both hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder...
January 18, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092228/a-comparative-study-of-vocational-education-and-occupational-safety-and-health-training-in-china-and-the-uk
#14
Baisheng Nie, Xin Huang, Fei Xue, Jiang Chen, Xiaobing Liu, Yangyang Meng, Jinxin Huang
In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068413/social-and-genetic-networks-of-hiv-1-transmission-in-new-york-city
#15
Joel O Wertheim, Sergei L Kosakovsky Pond, Lisa A Forgione, Sanjay R Mehta, Ben Murrell, Sharmila Shah, Davey M Smith, Konrad Scheffler, Lucia V Torian
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections spread across contact networks. Partner elicitation and notification are commonly used public health tools to identify, notify, and offer testing to persons linked in these contact networks. For HIV-1, a rapidly evolving pathogen with low per-contact transmission rates, viral genetic sequences are an additional source of data that can be used to infer or refine transmission networks. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene interviews individuals newly diagnosed with HIV and elicits names of sexual and injection drug using partners...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066503/why-do-psychiatric-patients-in-korea-stay-longer-in-hospital
#16
EDITORIAL
Agnus M Kim
Korea is the only developed country that saw an increase in the number of psychiatric beds with the longest average length of stay of psychiatric patients for the past decades. This phenomenon can be explained regarding the payment system, the law, and society. Korea is in a critical position concerning mental health policy. How it paves the way for reducing psychiatric admissions will provide a model for rearranging the interests of different social groups for the sake of a higher value, that of human rights...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059616/challenges-health-implications-and-advocacy-opportunities-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-global-health-providers
#17
Jason M Nagata
In this commentary, I reflect on challenges with conducting global health research internationally as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, grapple with decisions related to coming out in regions with anti-LGBT laws, and outline the risks and benefits of different advocacy options related to the promotion of LGBT health globally. Despite significant advances in LGBT rights in many countries, homosexuality remains illegal in many others. Using a critical medical anthropology framework, I argue that anti-LGBT laws constitute structural violence and have many detrimental consequences including discrimination and violence; poorer mental and physical health outcomes; and risky sexual behaviors...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058539/validation-of-the-ucla-scleroderma-clinical-trial-consortium-gastrointestinal-tract-instrument-2-0-in-english-and-chinese-speaking-patients-in-a-multi-ethnic-singapore-systemic-sclerosis-cohort
#18
Andrea Hsiu Ling Low, Xiaohui Xin, Weng Giap Law, Gim Gee Teng, Amelia Santosa, Anita Lim, Grace Chan, Swee Cheng Ng, Julian Thumboo
The aim of this study was to (1) translate the Gastrointestinal Tract Instrument (GIT) 2.0 from English to Chinese and (2) validate both versions in a multi-ethnic systemic sclerosis cohort in Singapore (SCORE). The English GIT2.0 was translated to Chinese using a standard forward-backward translation approach. Psychometric evaluation of the GIT2.0 included internal consistency reliability (using Cronbach's alpha), test-retest reliability (using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC)), scale level factor analysis, and construct validity (using Spearman correlation) against the modified Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire (S-HAQ) and the SF-36 v2...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056594/book-review-disordered-personalities-and-crime-an-analysis-of-the-history-of-moral-insanity-mental-illness-human-rights-and-the-law-mental-health-and-the-criminal-justice-system-a-social-work-perspective-handbook-of-secure-care-and-secure-lives-the-meaning
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055959/preoperative-low-tri-iodothyronine-concentration-is-associated-with-worse-health-status-and-shorter-five-year-survival-of-primary-brain-tumor-patients
#20
Adomas Bunevicius, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Sarunas Tamasauskas, Timothy Smith, Edward R Laws, Robertas Bunevicius, Giorgio Iervasi, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: Low tri-iodothyronine syndrome is associated with worse prognosis of severely ill patients. We investigated the association of thyroid hormone levels with discharge outcomes and 5-year mortality in primary brain tumor patients. METHODS: From January, 2010 until September, 2011, 230 patients (70% women) before brain tumor surgery were evaluated for cognitive (Mini mental State Examination; MMSE) and functional (Barthel index; BI) status, and thyroid function profile...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
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