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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914507/psychiatric-psychological-injury-and-law-introduction
#1
EDITORIAL
Gerald Young
This special issue on psychiatric/psychological injury and law covers major developments in the field, and illustrates the complexities for mental health professionals in dealing with psychiatric/psychological injuries in court. The articles vary in the range of topics covered, and include ones on posttraumatic stress disorder, other trauma reactions, dissociation, disability, pain, and traumatic brain injury, in particular but also new areas, such as the effects of early penile injury. Work in the area of psychiatric/psychological injury and law needs to be scientifically-informed, comprehensive, and impartial, and the series of articles to follow will help workers in the area meet this standard...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908850/we-should-replace-conventional-mental-health-law-with-capacity-based-law
#2
George Szmukler, Brendan D Kelly
As general medicine moves away from 'paternalism' and places an increasing emphasis on patient choice and autonomy, George Szmukler and Brendan D. Kelly debate whether conventional mental health legislation should be replaced with a model that focuses on the person's decision-making capabilities.
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903141/does-the-second-amendment-protect-the-gun-rights-of-persons-with-mental-illness
#3
Paul S Appelbaum
Under federal law, persons who have been involuntarily hospitalized for psychiatric reasons are permanently barred from gun possession. That policy was challenged in 2012 by a Michigan man who had been committed 25 years earlier and who was blocked in 2011 from buying a gun. Considering his claim, the Sixth Circuit held that people with mental illness are not categorically excluded from Second Amendment protection and that an irreversible lifetime ban was unconstitutional. Although many mental health organizations and practitioners favor gun restrictions, they oppose discriminatory treatment of persons with mental illness, creating ambivalence about the decision, which presages greater involvement of mental health professionals in decisions regarding gun rights restoration...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902133/understanding-mental-capacity-law-and-making-best-interests-decisions
#4
Ann Regan, Caitlin Sheehy
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 was enacted with the aim of improving the protection provided by the law to the most vulnerable people in society. The principles of the act specify to whom the act can be applied, and how to ensure these individuals are placed at the centre of decision-making about their treatment and care. It covers those people who raise objections to treatments and care proposed by health and social care professionals and, crucially, it offers protection to those who raise no objection. Appropriate application of the act should ensure all treatment and care planned for vulnerable people is in those individuals' best interests...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875035/mothers-experience-of-not-breastfeeding-in-a-breastfeeding-culture
#5
Ingjerd Hvatum, Kari Glavin
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe women's experience of not breastfeeding in a breastfeeding culture. BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding represents a fundamental cultural value in Norway and many other countries, and a mother may often have intense emotions about breastfeeding her child. Political and health authorities in many countries have given high priority to encouraging breastfeeding among mothers. However, breastfeeding can be challenging and sometimes affects mothers' mental health and the joy of interaction...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855323/food-insecurity-and-maternal-mental-health-in-le%C3%A3-n-nicaragua-potential-limitations-on-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#6
Barbara A Piperata, Kammi K Schmeer, Andres Herrera Rodrigues, Virgilio Mariano Salazar Torres
Poor mental health among those living in poverty is a serious global public health concern. Food insecurity (FI) is recognized as an important, yet critically understudied social determinant of mental health. The relationship between FI and mothers' mental health in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is especially important to understand considering the high rates of poverty and associated FI in these settings. For these mothers, social support may serve as a buffer in ameliorating the impact of FI on mental distress...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854449/state-psychology-licensure-questions-about-mental-illness-and-compliance-with-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#7
Jennifer E Boyd, Bruce Graunke, Frederick J Frese, James T R Jones, Jennifer W Adkins, Ronald Bassman
State licensing boards have obligations to protect the public from impaired professionals and to protect the rights of professionals applying for licensure. Competently functioning professionals who have or have had a mental health diagnosis or are being treated for a mental health condition should not be screened out, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A review of case law shows applicable precedents from discrimination among physicians and lawyers but not, to date, among psychologists...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#8
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842962/haze-public-health-and-mitigation-measures-in-china-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-for-further-policy-response
#9
Jinghong Gao, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Lei Xu, Jing Li, Jun Yang, Jing Li, Lina Cao, Xiaobo Liu, Haixia Wu, Qiyong Liu
With rapid economic development, China has been plagued by choking air pollution in recent years, and the frequent occurrence of haze episodes has caused widespread public concern. The purpose of this study is to describe the sources and formation of haze, summarize the mitigation measures in force, review the relationship between haze pollution and public health, and to discuss the challenges, potential research directions and policy options. Haze pollution has both natural and man-made causes, though it is anthropogenic sources that are the major contributors...
November 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837570/the-importance-of-the-patients-deemed-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity-for-the-psychiatric-reform
#10
EDITORIAL
Athanasios Douzenis
According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836155/mental-illness-and-firearms-legal-context-and-clinical-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Debra A Pinals, Lisa Anacker
Gun violence and mental illness is a major area of media attention, especially because highly publicized mass shootings seem to have become more commonly reported in the press. Gun access also is undergoing a highly politicized debate in the United States. It is important for mental health practitioners to understand the background and context of laws related to firearms access, and to understand data related to risk of suicide and violence toward others caused by gun violence among persons with mental illness...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836014/is-the-un-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-impacting-mental-health-laws-and-policies-in-high-income-countries-a-case-study-of-implementation-in-canada
#12
EDITORIAL
Steven J Hoffman, Lathika Sritharan, Ali Tejpar
BACKGROUND: Persons with psychosocial disabilities face disparate access to healthcare and social services worldwide, along with systemic discrimination, structural inequalities, and widespread human rights abuses. Accordingly, many people have looked to international human rights law to help address mental health challenges. On December 13, 2006, the United Nations formally adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) - the first human rights treaty of the 21st century and the fastest ever negotiated...
November 11, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833226/legal-terms-used-in-reception-order-and-their-relevance-to-judicial-process
#13
Nakkeerar Subramanian, Rajkumar Ramanathan, Venkatesh Madhan Kumar, Dhanabalan Kalingarayan Palayam Chellappan, Jeyaprakash Ramasamy
INTRODUCTION: Law governs the admission and management of involuntary admissions of mentally ill persons who are admitted under the provisions of the mental health act. The court directs the doctor to take charge of such persons. In the further dealings of such person the medical officer of the psychiatric facility comes across legal terms, which require understanding so that patients could be dealt with properly. Various terms such as accused, under police custody, judicial custody, remand prisoner, or under trial prisoner are used to denote their legal status...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815437/special-competencies-for-psychological-assessment-of-torture-survivors
#14
Kirby Huminuik
In spite of the absolute prohibition against torture in international law, this grave human rights abuse is still practiced systematically and with impunity in the majority of countries around the world. Mental health professionals can play a positive role in the fight against torture and impunity, by developing competencies to assess the psychological sequelae of torture. High-quality psychological evidence can help to substantiate allegations of torture, thereby increasing the likelihood of success in civil, administrative, and criminal proceedings...
November 4, 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815232/enhancing-self-efficacy-for-help-seeking-among-transition-aged-youth-in-postsecondary-settings-with-mental-health-and-or-substance-use-concerns-using-crowd-sourced-online-and-mobile-technologies-the-thought-spot-protocol
#15
David Wiljer, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Genevieve Ferguson, Marcos Sanches, Andrea Levinson, Janine Robb, Olivia Heffernan, Tyson Herzog, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Gunther Eysenbach, Joanna Henderson, Jeffrey S Hoch, Elisa Hollenberg, Huan Jiang, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Marcus Law, Sarah Sharpe, Tim Tripp, Aristotle Voineskos
BACKGROUND: Seventy percent of lifetime cases of mental illness emerge prior to age 24. While early detection and intervention can address approximately 70% of child and youth cases of mental health concerns, the majority of youth with mental health concerns do not receive the services they need. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the protocol for optimizing and evaluating Thought Spot, a Web- and mobile-based platform cocreated with end users that is designed to improve the ability of students to access mental health and substance use services...
November 4, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785894/qualitative-exploration-of-stakeholders-perspectives-of-involuntary-admission-under-the-mental-health-act-2001-in-ireland
#16
Siobhán Smyth, Dympna Casey, Adeline Cooney, Agnes Higgins, David McGuinness, Emma Bainbridge, Mary Keys, Irina Georgieva, Liz Brosnan, Claire Beecher, Brian Hallahan, Colm McDonald, Kathy Murphy
There is international interest in, and continued concern about, the potential long-term impact of involuntary admission to psychiatric institutions, and the effect this coercive action has on a person's well-being and human rights. Involuntary detention in hospital remains a controversial process that involves stakeholders with competing concerns and who often describe negative experiences of the process, which can have long-lasting effects on the therapeutic relationship with service users. The aim of the present study was to explore the perspectives of key stakeholders involved in the involuntary admission and detention of people under the Mental Health Act 2001 in Ireland...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771964/reinventing-the-political-role-of-health-professionals-in-conflict-prevention-reconciliation-the-sudanese-model
#17
Alaaddin M Salih, Jasim M Ahmed, Jamal F Mohamed, Musaab M Alfaki
Given the persistent recurrence of armed conflict, influential actors owe it to the affected communities to take action. The legitimacy of health professionals to mitigate the effects of conflict relates to their ability to save lives and address the physical and mental consequences of armed conflict during which thousands of lives may be lost. Medical professionals have unique and potentially far-reaching skills. These become crucial during wartime and disasters in terms of providing medical services and humanitarian aid...
October 24, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768528/focus-groups-of-parents-and-teens-help-develop-messages-to-prevent-early-marijuana-use-in-the-context-of-legal-retail-sales
#18
Martie L Skinner, Kevin P Haggerty, Mary Casey-Goldstein, Ronald W Thompson, Laura Buddenberg, W Alex Mason
OBJECTIVES: The changes in Washington State and Colorado marijuana laws call for the development of new brief family-focused adolescent marijuana use preventive interventions that are relevant for and tailored to the context of legalization for retail sale. To that end, focus groups with parents and teens were conducted to find out about their concerns and needs in the context of legalization. METHODS: Six semi-structured focus groups (3 with parents, 3 with teens) were conducted in Washington State in 2013 related to consequences of teen marijuana use and messages that would be effective in helping to prevent teens from using marijuana in the context of legal adult use...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755988/eight-years-of-psychiatric-examination-of-detainees-by-forensic-physicians-in-the-netherlands
#19
Karen E van den Hondel, Anne Linde Saaltink, Peter Paul M Bender
BACKGROUND: Forensic physicians are responsible for first-line medical care of detainees (individuals held in custody) in the police station. The Dutch police law contains a 'duty of care', which gives the police responsibility for the apparent mentally ill and/or confused people they encounter during their work. The police can ask a forensic physician to do a primary psychiatric assessment of any apparent mentally ill detainee. The forensic physician determines if the apparent mentally ill behavior of the detainee is due to a somatic illness, or has a psychiatric cause for which the detainee needs admission to a psychiatric hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752281/child-responsible-personnel-in-adult-mental-health-services
#20
Camilla Lauritzen, Charlotte Reedtz
BACKGROUND: Children who have parents with mental health problems are a vulnerable group. Intervening early to support parents with a mental illness can contribute to improve outcomes for children. Rigging the adult mental health system in such a manner that child responsible personnel are designated in wards is a strategy to systematically address the needs of families. It has since 2010 been mandatory for Norwegian hospitals to appoint such personnel in all hospital wards. The current study aimed to investigate the appointment of child responsible personnel in the adult mental health services in a regional hospital with local clinics...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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