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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#1
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421573/-forensic-flexible-assertive-community-treatment-client-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#2
L Neijmeijer, J Verwoerd, M van Vugt, C Place, H Kroon
BACKGROUND: (Flexible) Assertive community treatment ((f)act) is applied increasingly to forensic psychiatric clients. However, evidence about the effectiveness of forensic (f)act is scanty. AIM: To investigate to what extent (subgroups of) clients receiving care from forensic (f)act teams show, after a year, changes in their social and psychological functioning and are subjected to fewer justicial outcome measures. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2011, eight forensic (f)act teams collected, at two measurement moments separated by an average of 12 months, data relating to client characteristics and outcomes of care...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416965/a-crisis-of-protection-and-safe-passage-violence-experienced-by-migrants-refugees-travelling-along-the-western-balkan-corridor-to-northern-europe
#3
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408047/psychology-and-psychiatry-in-singapore-courts-a-baseline-survey-of-the-mental-health-landscape-in-the-legal-arena
#4
Kenji Gwee
Despite the increasing prevalence and involvement of mental health professionals in local courts, there has been no systematic study of the role played by these expert witnesses in Singapore courtrooms. An empirical study of all existing recorded cases on Lawnet (Singapore's legal database of all court trial cases) from 1975-2014 involving psychologists and psychiatrists was conducted. Results revealed that, not only were these mental health experts increasingly dotting the landscape of the legal arena, the variety of their contributions has also been gradually growing...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394780/attention-deficit-disorder-and-the-americans-with-disabilities-act-is-anyone-paying-attention
#5
Clifford M Koen, Amanda J Carmichael, Kristin E Koen
As millions of individuals who have been given a diagnosis of attention deficit disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder enter the workforce, more individuals with these mental impairments are filing claims with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) as amended in 2008 by the ADA Amendments Act. The ADA forbids employment discrimination based on an individual's disability and also requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities...
April 7, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393283/association-of-gender-disadvantage-factors-and-gender-preference-with-antenatal-depression-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-maharashtra
#6
Pallavi Shidhaye, Rahul Shidhaye, Vaishali Phalke
PURPOSE: Maternal depression is a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries including India. Very few studies have assessed association of various risk factors with antenatal depression in rural Indian women, especially the effect of marital conflict, gender disadvantage and gender preference on antenatal depression. This paper describes the prevalence of probable antenatal depression in rural Maharashtra, a state in the western part of India and specifically assesses the association of marital and gender disadvantage factors and gender preference for a male child with antenatal depression...
April 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387208/validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-the-mental-capacity-to-sign-an-enduring-power-of-attorney
#7
R Sf Ko, V Wc Lui, K C Lai, C Cy Chiu, L Cw Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the validation of an instrument to assess the mental capacity of an individual to sign an enduring power of attorney. METHODS: An instrument named Capacity Assessment to Sign an Enduring Power of Attorney (CASEPA) was developed following a literature review, focus group discussions, expert reviews, and pilot testing. Chinese persons aged ≥ 60 years who had a range of cognitive abilities were recruited from elderly care centres in Hong Kong to explore its psychometric properties...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383618/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-italian-deinstitutionalized-psychiatric-patients
#8
D Corridore, F Guerra, C La Marra, D Di Thiene, L Ottolenghi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the oral health status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL, measured with OHIP- 14) in psychiatric patients assisted by the unique Italian mental health care system, in accordance to regulatory Law 180/78. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic and medical variables were retrieved from institutional medical records. General health and oral health variables, oral health-related behavior and last dental contact were recorded...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376518/improving-mental-health-services-through-physician-assistants-legislation-in-several-southern-states
#9
Matthew Buchbinder, Judith Regan, Mirela Aldea, Denise Makowski
A national effort to provide more expansive mental health care in the United States has been an increasing priority during the last decade. States have enacted laws that allow for the delegation of psychiatric services to physician assistants in an effort to address the shortage and geographic maldistribution of mental health services and to more efficiently use the skills of psychiatrists. This statutory scheme recognizing physician assistants has been effective in broadening access to mental health care in various southern states...
April 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359165/testing-a-resilience-training-program-in-police-recruits
#10
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Nicole L Bohr, Amanda A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Stress from multiple sources is inherent in law enforcement. However, it is possible to modify responses to stress with resilience training that includes teaching techniques to modify emotional and physical responses to stress, interface with mental health professionals, and practice sessions to improve self-regulation of responses to stress including coherence, a measure of heart rate variability. A gap exists in the research, however, regarding evaluation of the duration of effects after the initial resilience training...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343652/predictors-of-non-return-to-work-2-years-post-injury-in-road-traffic-crash-survivors-results-from-the-uq-support-study
#11
Michelle Heron-Delaney, Jacelle Warren, Justin A Kenardy
PURPOSE: Individuals who have sustained an injury from a road traffic crash (RTC) are at increased risk for long lasting health problems and non-return to work (NRTW). Determining the predictors of NRTW is necessary to develop screening tools to identify at-risk individuals and to provide early targeted intervention for successful return to work (RTW). The aim of this study was to identify factors that can predict which individuals will not RTW following minor or moderate injuries sustained from a RTC...
March 16, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329924/-reduction-and-control-of-school-bullying-is-urgently-needed
#12
Y J Zhao, S Y Wang
School bullying and campus violence is a widespread social problem in the world. School bullying is characterized by its repeatability and suddenness, which could make the victims suffering from both psychological and health damage, and even affect their personality growth. Government should pay close attention to the reduction and control of school bullying and campus violence by establishing school bullying emergency response system and preparedness plan. The school and teacher's role and legal responsibility in the service and management in schools should be cleared and defined...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322284/genomic-resources-for-the-study-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#13
G Senthil, T Dutka, L Bingaman, T Lehner
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has made sustained investments in the development of genomic resources over the last two decades. These investments have led to the development of the largest biorepository for psychiatric genetics as a centralized national resource. In the realm of genomic resources, NIMH has been supporting large team science (TS) consortia focused on gene discovery, fine mapping of loci, and functional genomics using state-of-the-art technologies. The scientific output from these efforts has not only begun to transform our understanding of the genetic architecture of neuropsychiatric disorders, but it has also led to a broader cultural change among the investigator community towards deeper collaborations and broad pre-publication sharing of data and resources...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303590/psychiatric-disability-in-law-enforcement-officers
#14
Marilyn Price
Law enforcement officers all across the world are exposed to violence, confrontation, and traumatic incidents. They regularly witness death and suffering and are at risk of personal injury. Psychiatric sequelae include an increased risk for trauma-related symptoms, depression, alcohol-use disorders, and stress-related medical conditions. Law enforcement officers have been applying for early disability retirement pensions at an increased rate for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions. As a result, law enforcement agencies are prematurely losing valuable resources, officers with training and experience...
March 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299970/human-rights-and-correctional-health-policy-a-view-from-europe
#15
Mary Rogan
Purpose Correctional healthcare should promote the protection of human rights. The purpose of this paper is to bring a discussion of human rights into debates on how such policy should be best organized. Design/methodology/approach The paper achieves its aim by providing an analysis of European prison law and policy in the area of prison health, through assessing decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, as well as policies created by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture. Findings The paper describes the position of the European Court of Human Rights on the topics of access to healthcare, ill health and release from prison, mental illness in prison, and the duty to provide rehabilitative programming for those seeking to reduce their level of "risk...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290932/primary-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-u-s-military-in-the-post-don-t-ask-don-t-tell-era-a-review-of-recent-progress-health-needs-and-challenges
#16
Wesley R Campbell, Mojgan Jahan, Mary F Bavaro, Robert J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: With repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in 2011 and the Supreme Court decision regarding Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in 2013, military providers are now able to openly address unique health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) service members and their same-sex spouse beneficiaries. These federal laws created health care barriers, either real or perceived, between providers and patients and often limited medical research involving LGB patients in the Military Health System (MHS)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279111/a-clinician-s-brief-guide-to-the-mental-health-act-zigmond-tony-and-brindle-nick-a-clinician-s-brief-guide-to-the-mental-health-act-180pp-%C3%A2-18-rcpsych-publications-9781909726628-1908020024-formula-see-text
#17
(no author information available yet)
This brief guide to the Mental Health Act 1983 guides the reader through a concise history of common and statutory law.
March 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#18
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243868/sexual-identity-stigma-and-depression-the-role-of-the-anti-gay-propaganda-law-in-mental-health-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-moscow-russia
#19
Emily Hylton, Andrea L Wirtz, Carla E Zelaya, Carl Latkin, Alena Peryshkina, Vladmir Mogilnyi, Petr Dzhigun, Irina Kostetskaya, Noya Galai, Chris Beyrer
Depression is a major public health problem in the Russian Federation and is particularly of concern for men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM living in Moscow City were recruited via respondent-driven sampling and participated in a cross-sectional survey from October 2010 to April 2013. Multiple logistic regression models compared the relationship between sexual identity, recent stigma, and probable depression, defined as a score of ≥23 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. We investigated the interactive effect of stigma and participation in the study after the passage of multiple "anti-gay propaganda laws" in Russian provinces, municipalities, and in neighboring Ukraine on depression among MSM...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241255/the-influence-of-state-laws-on-the-mental-health-of-sexual-minority-youth
#20
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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