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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642770/providing-coordinated-immediate-trauma-focused-and-interdisciplinary-responses-to-children-exposed-to-severe-intimate-partner-violence-assessing-feasibility-of-a-collaborative-model
#1
Amanda M Stylianou, Elizabeth Ebright
Despite the known consequences associated with children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV), numerous children exposed to IPV never access victim services and/or mental health treatment. Informed by the Child Development-Community Policing Program (CD-CP), the Child Trauma Response Team (CTRT) is designed to provide a coordinated, immediate, trauma-informed, and interdisciplinary response to children, adolescents, and their impacted family members who are exposed to severe IPV. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of the CTRT from the perspective of the key stakeholders and to identify what facilitated and/or hindered the collaborative model...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626630/reefer-madness-or-much-ado-about-nothing-cannabis-legalization-outcomes-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#2
Jamie E Parnes, Joey K Smith, Bradley T Conner
In 2012, Colorado became one of the first two U.S. States to legalize cannabis for recreational use for adults 21 and older. Given that cannabis use holds potential physical and mental health risks, particularly among adolescent users, concerns have grown regarding changes in use following this change in policy. Studies examining medical cannabis legalization have found inconsistent changes in cannabis use and prevalence of dependence following medical implementation. However, recreational legalization holds potential unique changes, such as increased availability and social acceptance, as well as decreased price and perceived harm of use...
April 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624792/circumstances-of-suicide-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-cancer
#3
Greta M Massetti, Kristin Holland, Shane P D Jack, Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
OBJECTIVE: Cancer can trigger psychological distress, which may be associated with risk of suicide. We explored precipitating circumstances of suicides among decedents with and without a history of cancer. METHODS: Coroner or medical examiner and law enforcement narratives of adult suicides were coded from 17 participating states in CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System during 2004-2013. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined associations between cancer history and factors that precipitated suicide...
April 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618540/mental-condition-requirement-in-competency-to-stand-trial-assessments
#4
Andrew D Reisner, Jennifer L Piel
In Ohio, a criminal defendant is incompetent to stand trial only if "a present mental condition" renders him unable to understand the nature and objectives of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense. Some forensic mental health evaluators have treated the mental-condition requirement as synonymous with, or similar to, the psychiatric condition required in the state's insanity criteria, which requires a "severe mental disease or defect." Yet the term mental condition does not appear in other areas of the state's criminal code or in the state's definition of a mental illness for purposes of civil commitment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605187/antipsychotic-drugs-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-a-combination-of-both-in-people-with-psychosis-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#5
Anthony P Morrison, Heather Law, Lucy Carter, Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Melissa Pyle, Paul French, David Shiers, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth K Murphy, Natasha Holden, Ann Steele, Samantha E Bowe, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Victoria Brooks, Rory Byrne, Linda Davies, Peter M Haddad
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available for head-to-head comparisons of psychosocial interventions and pharmacological interventions in psychosis. We aimed to establish whether a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus antipsychotic drugs versus a combination of both would be feasible in people with psychosis. METHODS: We did a single-site, single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial in people with psychosis who used services in National Health Service trusts across Greater Manchester, UK...
March 28, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590520/mass-shootings-mental-illness-and-gun-control
#6
Sean Philpott-Jones
In the wake of the Stoneman Douglas School shooting, Republican and Democratic leaders-like the American electorate they represent-remain sharply divided in their responses to gun violence. They are united in their condemnation of these mass shootings, but they disagree about whether stricter or looser gun control laws are the answer. Those on the right side of the political aisle suggest that the issue is one of mental illness rather than gun control. Conversely, those who are more liberal or progressive in their political learnings are quick to condemn attempts to reframe the issue of mass shootings as a mental health problem...
March 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588323/interagency-collaboration-models-for-people-with-mental-ill-health-in-contact-with-the-police-a-systematic-scoping-review
#7
Adwoa Parker, Arabella Scantlebury, Alison Booth, Jillian Catherine MacBryde, William J Scott, Kath Wright, Catriona McDaid
OBJECTIVE: To identify existing evidence on interagency collaboration between law enforcement, emergency services, statutory services and third sector agencies regarding people with mental ill health. DESIGN: Systematic scoping review. Scoping reviews map particular research areas to identify research gaps. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY: ASSIA, CENTRAL, the Cochrane Library databases, Criminal Justice Abstracts, ERIC, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PROSPERO and Social Care Online and Social Sciences Citation Index were searched up to 2017, as were grey literature and hand searches...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587426/exploring-geographic-variation-of-mental-health-risk-and-service-utilization-of-doctors-and-hospitals-in-toronto-a-shared-component-spatial-modeling-approach
#8
Jane Law, Christopher Perlman
Mental Health has been known to vary geographically. Different rates of utilization of mental health services in local areas reflect geographic variation of mental health and complexity of health care. Variations and inequalities in how the health care system addresses risks are two critical issues for addressing population mental health. This study examines these issues by analyzing the utilization of mental health services in Toronto at the neighbourhood level. We adopted a shared component spatial modeling approach that allows simultaneous analysis of two main health service utilizations: doctor visits and hospitalizations related to mental health conditions...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584521/policy-and-legal-protection-for-breastfeeding-and-incarcerated-women-in-canada
#9
Martha Jane Paynter
Most incarcerated women in Canada are mothers. Because women are the fastest growing population in carceral facilities, protecting the rights of incarcerated women to breastfeed their children is increasingly important. There is considerable evidence that incarcerated women in Canada experience poor physical and mental health, isolation, and barriers to care. Incarcerated women and their children could benefit significantly from breastfeeding. This Insight in Policy explores policy and legal protection for breastfeeding in Canada as it relates to carceral facilities, considers key cases regarding breastfeeding rights among incarcerated women, and presents recommendations for policy development and advocacy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566602/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-strangulation-between-same-sex-and-different-sex-couples
#10
Jill T Messing, Kristie A Thomas, Allison L Ward-Lasher, Nathan Q Brewer
Strangulation is a common and dangerous form of intimate partner violence (IPV). Nonfatal strangulation is a risk factor for homicide; can lead to severe, long-term physical and mental health sequelae; and can be an effective strategy of coercion and control. To date, research has not examined strangulation within same-sex couples. The objective of this cross-sectional, observational research is to identify whether and to what extent the detection of strangulation and coercive control differs between same-sex and different-sex couples in police reports of IPV...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506591/forty-years-of-the-law-180-the-aspirations-of-a-great-reform-its-successes-and-continuing-need
#11
R Mezzina
AIM: Italy pioneered deinstitutionalisation over the past 60 years and enforced a famous mental health (MH) reform law in 1978. Deinstitutionalisation has been completed with the very closure of all psychiatric hospitals over two decades. METHODS: After 40 years of implementation, this article presents the main achievements and challenges of the Italian MH reform law, including its long-term effect and impact in Italy and abroad. RESULTS: The Legislation of 1978 was based on the discovery of rights as a key tool in mental healthcare...
March 6, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505461/brazilian-public-policies-on-drugs-an-analysis-considering-the-aspects-of-assistance-prevention-and-supply-control
#12
Jacqueline de Souza, Regina C Fioratti, Maraiza M Macedo, Jaqueline Queiroz de Macedo
Since 2004, Brazilian policy makers have been making some changes in the drug policies. It has prioritized a harm reduction perspective instead of a prohibitionist one. Nevertheless, this latter perspective also persists in some parts of the policies and strategies used to deal with this phenomenon in Brazil. This study aims to analyze the structure of the drug policies in Brazil. It is a documental search of Brazilian mental health legislation (laws, decrees, and ordinances) regarding alcohol and other drugs since 2001...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505275/identifying-potential-mass-shooters-and-suicide-terrorists-with-warning-signs-of-suicide-perceived-victimization-and-desires-for-attention-or-fame
#13
Adam Lankford
In the United States and Europe, the distinction between public mass shooters and suicide terrorists no longer seems particularly meaningful. A number of public mass shooters have considered using bombs and claimed to be sacrificing themselves for an ideological cause, and many suicide terrorists have attacked without organizational support, using firearms, for what appear to be largely personal reasons. Previous research has also documented several common factors in these offenders' lives, including (a) suicidal motives and life indifference, (b) perceived victimization, and (c) desires for attention or fame...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498094/trouble-at-teens-fingertips-youth-sexting-and-the-law
#14
Brian Holoyda, Jacqueline Landess, Renee Sorrentino, Susan Hatters Friedman
The last decade has seen a rapid increase in the use of smartphones among young children and adolescents. One consequence of this phenomenon is sexting. Although researchers of sexting have yet to arrive at a single, cohesive definition for the behavior, it generally involves the transmission of text, pictures, or videos containing sexual material. Different definitions of the behavior have led to widely varying estimates of its prevalence, although some studies have documented relatively high rates of sexting among teenagers...
March 2, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493652/-from-opg-to-rems-the-role-of-a-territorial-health-service-in-the-implementation-of-security-and-non-custodial-measures-towards-offenders-with-psychological-problems
#15
Gianmarco Latte, Livia Avvisati, Sara Calandro, Carmela Di Filippo, Monica Di Genio, Giovanna Di Iorio, Valentina Gilardi, Sara Giordano, Antonio Maria Pagano
AIMS: Managing health care for people suffering from mental illness is undergoing deep changes in recent years in Italy. The purpose of this study is to describe the progressive process of overcoming the Forensic Hospitals in Italy (OPGs) and to identify the necessary care and rehabilitation pathways in this process, in the experience of the territorial health service in Salerno, Italy. METHODS: An analysis of the recent laws related to the ongoing process and an analysis of epidemiological and structural data referring to the time interval between 2010 and 2017 concerning the OPGs/Residential Services for the Execution of Security Measures (RSESM)/Mental Health System in Campania, Italy and in the territory of Salerno in particular...
January 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493649/-the-reform-of-the-penitentiary-order-a-cultural-revolution-that-involve-the-mental-health-services
#16
Stefano Ferracuti, Massimo Biondi
The reform of the penitentiary system (law 103/2017) which is about to enter into force in Italy represents a Copernican revolution for the management of psychiatric patients who are also authors of a crime. The change would have consequences similar to what happened with the law 180 of 1978. The basic principles on which the new Law is based are: 1) the extension of the faculty to suspend the sentence also for inmates and prisoners affected by a serious mental illness; 2) the full integration of the National Health System (SSN) and DSM in the penitentiary institutions; 3) the establishment of "sections for prisoners with disabilities", special sections for exclusive management for individuals with mental disorders, to be implemented inside the prisons and jails; 4) the possibility probation and parole for prisoners with sentences up to 6 years if suffering from mental illness with a procedure similar to the one already enacted for persons with drug dependency...
January 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490525/the-alignment-imperative-in-curriculum-renewal
#17
Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Maria Mylopoulos, Paul Tonin, Stacey Bernstein, Pier Bryden, Marcus Law, Jana Lazor, Richard Pittini, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Glendon R Tait, Patricia Houston
RATIONALE: There are perennial calls for MD curricula to reform in order to meet the changing needs of students, patients, and society. And yet, efforts at renewal have also been suggested to have minimal impact on the pedagogy and outcomes of medical education. One reason may be misalignment between the components of the curriculum during design and implementation. The University of Toronto MD program recently renewed its undergraduate preclinical Foundations curriculum. Mindful of the pitfalls of misalignment, the renewal process focused deliberately on alignment between the various components of the curriculum: instructional methods, student assessment, faculty development, and the larger purpose of serving students and society...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489951/young-men-in-juvenile-detention-centers-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-gender-sexuality-masculinity-and-health-implications
#18
Marcos Antonio Ferreira do Nascimento, Anna Paula Uziel, Jimena de Garay Hernández
This article presents results for young men's health based on an intervention-study on gender, sexuality, and health of adolescents and young men in conflict with the law, deprived of their freedom, and subject to socio-educational confinement in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The themes addressed included questions on overall health, mental health, and sexual and reproductive health, analyzed from a relational gender perspective and social construction of masculinities. The majority of these young men are black, from low-income communities, with low schooling levels, and ranging in age from 14 to 21 years of age; some of them are fathers...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455076/from-child-autistic-symptoms-to-parental-affective-symptoms-a-family-process-model
#19
Kevin Ka Shing Chan, Chun Bun Lam, Naska Chung Wa Law, Ryan Yat Ming Cheung
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are prevalent among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but limited research has investigated why parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and increased risks of mental health problems. We responded to this gap in the literature by examining the associations between child autistic symptoms and parental affective symptoms, as well as the potential underlying mechanisms. Guided by a family process theory, we hypothesized that child autistic symptoms would be positively associated with parental depressive and anxiety symptoms, and that these associations would be mediated by parents' concerns about their children's characteristics (future-related worry), parental roles (parenting stress), marital relationships (marital conflicts), and family conditions (family economic pressure)...
February 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446644/an-algorithm-for-managing-adults-who-refuse-medical-treatment-in-new-south-wales
#20
Kylie Cheng, Anne Wand, Christopher Ryan, Sascha Callaghan
OBJECTIVES: The assessment and management of a patient who refuses medical treatment requires clinical skill, and consideration of the relevant law and the patient's decision-making capacity. Psychiatrists are often asked to advise in these situations. We aimed to develop an algorithm describing the relevant legal pathways to assist clinicians, especially psychiatrists, working in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: We reviewed the academic literature on treatment refusal, relevant legislation, judicial rulings and NSW Health policy directives and guidelines...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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