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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446644/an-algorithm-for-managing-adults-who-refuse-medical-treatment-in-new-south-wales
#1
Kylie Cheng, Anne Wand, Christopher Ryan, Sascha Callaghan
OBJECTIVES: The assessment and management of a patient who refuses medical treatment requires clinical skill, and consideration of the relevant law and the patient's decision-making capacity. Psychiatrists are often asked to advise in these situations. We aimed to develop an algorithm describing the relevant legal pathways to assist clinicians, especially psychiatrists, working in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: We reviewed the academic literature on treatment refusal, relevant legislation, judicial rulings and NSW Health policy directives and guidelines...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444208/death-on-demand-an-analysis-of-physician-administered-euthanasia-in-the-netherlands
#2
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-administered euthanasia (PAE) was legalized, along with physician-assisted suicide (PAS), in The Netherlands in 2001. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Dutch Regional Euthanasia Review Committees, the committees' 2015 published Code of Practice and research studies. Areas of agreement: There is a general openness about the practice of PAE/PAS in The Netherlands and an avoidance of misleading euphemisms. The 2001 law also includes arrangements for post-event review of PAE/PAS decisions...
February 12, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440236/the-consequences-of-patient-charges-for-prescription-drugs-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Michael R Law, Lucy Cheng, Ashra Kolhatkar, Laurie J Goldsmith, Steven G Morgan, Anne M Holbrook, Irfan A Dhalla
BACKGROUND: Many Canadians face substantial out-of-pocket charges for prescription drugs. Prior work suggests that this causes some patients to not take their medications as prescribed; however, we have little understanding of whether charges for prescription medicines lead patients to forego basic needs or to use more health care services. Our study aimed to quantify the consequences of patient charges for medicines in Canada. METHODS: As part of the 2016 Canadian Community Health Survey, we designed and fielded cross-sectional questions to 28 091 Canadians regarding prescription drug affordability, consequent use of health care services and trade-offs with other expenditures...
February 5, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414848/nada-protocol-for-behavioral-health-putting-tools-in-the-hands-of-behavioral-health-providers-the-case-for-auricular-detoxification-specialists
#4
Elizabeth B Stuyt, Claudia A Voyles, Sara Bursac
Background: The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) protocol, a simple standardized auricular treatment has the potential to provide vast public health relief on issues currently challenging our world. This includes but is not limited to addiction, such as the opioid epidemic, but also encompasses mental health, trauma, PTSD, chronic stress, and the symptoms associated with these conditions. Simple accessible tools that improve outcomes can make profound differences. We assert that the NADA protocol can have greatest impact when broadly applied by behavioral health professionals, Auricular Detoxification Specialists (ADSes)...
February 7, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407606/family-poly-victimization-and-cyberbullying-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-school-sample
#5
QiQi Chen, Camilla K M Lo, Yuhong Zhu, Anne Cheung, Ko Ling Chan, Patrick Ip
The sustained increase in their use of social networking facilitates the development of adolescents but comes with the risk of cyberbullying, which creates new challenges in regard to adolescent protection. Past evidence shows that family victimization may play an essential role in the way adolescents learn cyberbullying behaviors. Yet, research on the co-occurrence of family victimization and cyberbullying is limited. This study aims to investigate the associations between cyberbullying and family victimization among adolescents, and to examine the health correlates of cyberbullying and family poly-victimization...
February 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389917/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-18-states-2014
#6
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380108/do-coverage-mandates-affect-direct-to-consumer-advertising-for-pharmaceuticals-evidence-from-parity-laws
#7
Robert Nathenson, Michael R Richards
Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for prescription drugs is a relatively unique feature of the US health care system and a source of tens of billions of dollars in annual spending. It has also garnered the attention of researchers and policymakers interested in its implications for firm and consumer behavior. However, few economic studies have explored the DTCA response to public policies, especially those mandating coverage of these products. We use detailed advertising expenditure data to assess if pharmaceutical firms increase their marketing efforts after the implementation of relevant state and federal health insurance laws...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360023/does-volk-v-demeerleer-conflict-with-the-ama-code-of-medical-ethics-on-breaching-patient-confidentiality-to-protect-third-parties
#8
Jennifer L Piel, Rejoice Opara
A recent Washington State case revisits the obligation of mental health clinicians to protect third parties from the violent acts of their patients. Although the case of Volk v DeMeerleer raises multiple legal, ethical, and policy issues, this article will focus on a potential ethical conflict between the case law and professional guidelines, namely the American Medical Association's Code of Medical Ethics.
January 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349285/a-smart-phone-intervention-to-address-mental-health-stigma-in-the-construction-industry-a-two-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
A Milner, P C F Law, C Mann, T Cooper, K Witt, A D LaMontagne
Background: High levels of self-stigma are associated with a range of adverse mental health, treatment, and functional outcomes. This prospective study examined the effects of an electronic mental health stigma reduction intervention on self-stigma (self-blame, shame, and help-seeking inhibition) among male construction workers in Australia. Method: Male construction workers (N = 682) were randomly assigned to receive either the intervention condition or the wait list control over a six-week period...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#10
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#11
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334882/federal-parity-and-access-to-behavioral-health-care-in-private-health-plans
#12
Dominic Hodgkin, Constance M Horgan, Maureen T Stewart, Amity E Quinn, Timothy B Creedon, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick
OBJECTIVE: The 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) sought to improve access to behavioral health care by regulating health plans' coverage and management of services. Health plans have some discretion in how to achieve compliance with MHPAEA, leaving questions about its likely effects on health plan policies. In this study, the authors' objective was to determine how private health plans' coverage and management of behavioral health treatment changed after the federal parity law's full implementation...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328871/achieving-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorder-treatment-parity-a-quarter-century-of-policy-making-and-research
#13
Emma Peterson, Susan Busch
The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) of 2008 changed the landscape of mental health and substance use disorder coverage in the United States. The MHPAEA's comprehensiveness compared with past parity laws, including its extension of parity to plan management strategies, the so-called nonquantitative treatment limitations (NQTL), led to significant improvements in mental health care coverage. In this article, we review the history of this landmark legislation and its recent expansions to new populations, describe past research on the effects of this and other mental health/substance use disorder parity laws, and describe some directions for future research, including NQTL compliance issues, effects of parity on individuals with severe mental illness, and measurement of benefits other than mental health care use...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298728/balancing-autonomy-and-beneficence-at-the-time-of-psychiatric-discharge
#14
Abhishek Jain, Paul S Appelbaum
As in much of the world, mental health law in Israel has evolved over the past half-century toward greater protection of patients' liberty and an increased emphasis on due process. Part of that process in Israel involved taking decisions about prolonged involuntary hospitalization out of the hands of treating psychiatrists and turning them over to independent review panels. Argo and colleagues examined outcomes of discharge decisions made by these panels compared with treating psychiatrists. In this brief commentary, we describe related trends in mental health law in other countries, especially the U...
January 2, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294939/multidisciplinary-responses-to-the-sexual-victimization-of-children-use-of-control-phone-calls
#15
J William Canavan, Christine Borowski, Stacy Essex, Stefan Perkowski
This descriptive study addresses the question of the value of one-party consent phone calls regarding the sexual victimization of children. The authors reviewed 4 years of experience with children between the ages of 3 and 18 years selected for the control phone calls after a forensic interview by the New York State Police forensic interviewer. The forensic interviewer identified appropriate cases for control phone calls considering New York State law, the child's capacity to make the call, the presence of another person to make the call and a supportive residence...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241437/the-swiss-mental-health-care-system
#16
Andres R Schneeberger, Bruce J Schwartz
The United States and Switzerland are among the world's wealthiest countries. Both are highly innovative and entrepreneurial, ranking high in global competitiveness and innovation and with similar liberal economies. This column highlights features of the health care system in Switzerland, a country with an exclusively private health insurance system, with federally mandated universal health insurance. Residents can choose from about 58 insurance companies. Switzerland regulates these companies and negotiates reimbursement rates...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241264/-smoke-free-psychiatry-in-germany-a-closer-look
#17
Andrea Linhardt, Raphael Haider, Verena Rampeltshammer, Christoph Kröger, Tobias Rüther
Objective In order to protect non-smokers, the federal states of Germany have adopted a law that provides for extensive smoking bans. In many of these federal laws, acute psychiatric facilities are treated as an exception. Therefore, it is often up to the institutions themselves to develop and enforce regulations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation in acute psychiatric facilities. Methods The survey was created on the basis of previously evaluated questionnaires and consisted of 53 questions...
December 14, 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234505/mental-health-law-across-the-uk
#18
EDITORIAL
Tony Zigmond
The criteria governing medical treatment without consent in the three legal jurisdictions of the UK - England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - is discussed.
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216969/legal-issues-for-transgender-people-a-review-of-persistent-threats
#19
Jamison Green
Background The legal status of transgender (trans) people is in constant flux. Over the past 70 years, gradually increasing transgender visibility, national and global advocacy, and, more recently, widespread Internet access, communication, and broadening support from allies, have all contributed to successful campaigns that have improved transgender lives and legitimised transgender. Still, traumatic interactions with the legal system or policing agencies remain plentiful. This is a very general overview of the most common legal issues confronting trans people...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214940/-school-attendance-of-children-with-mental-health-problems
#20
Michael Kölch, Daria Nolkemper
School Attendance of Children with Mental Health Problems School can support a child's resilience as well as be a risk to the child's mental health. However school is an indicator of social participation, an aspect that flourished especially in the debate about inclusion. In this paper assistance opportunities are being discussed that are established to support children with a psychological disease in school. Three of the different concepts of funding priorities for special educational needs in the German system will be presented: "Förderschwerpunkt emotionale und soziale Entwicklung" (special needs in emotional and social development), "besonderer Förderbedarf "(special needs) and "Schulbegleitung" (school assistants)...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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