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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913303/re-entry-experiences-of-black-men-living-with-hiv-aids-after-release-from-prison-intersectionality-and-implications-for-care
#1
Shufang Sun, Natasha Crooks, Rebecca Kemnitz, Ryan P Westergaard
RATIONALE: Both the HIV epidemic and incarceration disproportionately affect Black men in the United States. A critical period for incarcerated Black men living with HIV/AIDS is re-entry into the community, which is often associated with adverse health outcomes. Additionally, Black men living with HIV/AIDS involved in the criminal justice system are burdened by multiple, intersecting disadvantaged identities and social positions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine community re-entry experiences among Black men living with HIV/AIDS from an intersectional perspective...
June 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895292/access-to-abortion-under-the-heath-exception-a-comparative-analysis-in-three-countries
#2
Stephanie A Küng, Blair G Darney, Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Patricia A Lohr, Laura Gil
BACKGROUND: Despite Britain, Colombia, and some Mexican states sharing a health exception within their abortion laws, access to abortion under the health exception varies widely. This study examines factors that result in heterogeneous application of similar health exception laws and consequences for access to legal abortion. Our research adds to previous literature by comparing implementation of similar abortion laws across countries to identify strategies for full implementation of the health exception...
June 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889177/points-of-influence-for-lethal-means-counseling-and-safe-gun-storage-practices
#3
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Marian E Betz
Counseling about reducing access to lethal means of suicide, especially firearms, is a recommended practice in emergency departments (EDs) but does not occur routinely. Understanding influencers of decisions makers in health care (ED nurse leaders, mental health providers) and temporary firearm storage (law enforcement and gun retailers) could enhance practice. We surveyed these 4 groups in the 8-state region of the Mountain West. For ED nurse leaders (n = 190), hospital legal, risk management, and quality improvement representatives, and the ED nursing director were most often cited as influential, whereas mental health providers (n = 67) cited their own team...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889175/pay-to-play-state-laws-related-to-high-school-sports-participation-fees
#4
Amy A Eyler, Elizabeth Piekarz-Porter, Natalicio H Serrano
CONTEXT: Participation in high school sports can impact the physical and mental health of students and influence other positive social and economic outcomes. To maintain sports programs amidst school budget deficits, many districts are implementing sports participation fee policies. Although locally implemented, these district policies can be guided by state law. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to assess state laws and regulations related to high school sports participation fees...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888652/risk-factors-for-male-perpetration-and-female-victimization-of-intimate-partner-homicide-a-meta-analysis
#5
Chelsea M Spencer, Sandra M Stith
Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a serious problem throughout the world. Research has identified the continued need to examine risk factors for IPH to identify individuals who may be at a greater risk of IPH perpetration or victimization. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis on risk factors for male IPH perpetration and female IPH victimization. This meta-analysis examined results from 17 studies, which included 148 effect sizes used in the analysis. Primary findings from this research suggest the strongest risk factors for IPH were the perpetrator having direct access to a gun, perpetrator's previous nonfatal strangulation, perpetrator's previous rape of the victim, perpetrator's previous threat with a weapon, the perpetrator's demonstration of controlling behaviors, and the perpetrator's previous threats to harm the victim...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886852/temporal-effects-of-maternal-psychological-distress-on-child-mental-health-problems-at-ages-3-5-7-and-11-analysis-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#6
Steven Hope, Anna Pearce, Catherine Chittleborough, Jessica Deighton, Amelia Maika, Nadia Micali, Murthy Mittinty, Catherine Law, John Lynch
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is common among women of childbearing age, and limited longitudinal research suggests prolonged exposure to maternal distress is linked to child mental health problems. Estimating effects of maternal distress over time is difficult due to potential influences of child mental health problems on maternal distress and time-varying confounding by family circumstances. METHODS: We analysed the UK Millennium Cohort Study, a nationally representative sample with data collected throughout childhood...
June 11, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866373/physical-and-mental-health-of-chinese-grandparents-caring-for-grandchildren-and-great-grandparents
#7
Hongwei Xu
The increasing worldwide prevalence and intensity of grandparenting has attracted an attention to its health implications for caregivers against the backdrop of population aging. Thanks to prolonged life expectancy and reduced infant mortality, extended families that comprise four generations, co-residential or not, are no longer rare in China. The current study examines health consequences when Chinese grandparents provide care to not only grandchildren but also their own elderly parents or parents-in-law (i...
May 26, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843548/cannabis-regulatory-science-risk-benefit-considerations-for-mental-disorders
#8
Jacob T Borodovsky, Alan J Budney
The evolving legal cannabis landscape in the US continues to present novel regulatory challenges that necessitate the development of a Cannabis Regulatory Science. Two specific issues of concern within Cannabis Regulatory Science are (1) the impact that cannabis use has on the incidence, prevalence, and severity of mental disorders, and (2) how cannabis laws and regulations modify this impact. This paper first provides several conceptual points that are useful for evaluating the relationship between cannabis use and mental disorders...
May 29, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806561/psychological-well-being-among-women-who-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-and-received-civil-legal-services
#9
Lynette M Renner, Carolyn Copps Hartley
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is often associated with negative mental health outcomes; yet, little is known about the psychological well-being of women who experience IPV and receive civil legal services. Civil legal services are not specifically designed to focus on women's mental health needs but Sullivan's Social and Emotional Well-Being Framework helps to explain why women receiving this type of formal assistance may demonstrate positive changes in psychological well-being. Using a panel study design and data from 85 women who experienced IPV and sought civil legal services, we examined women's psychological well-being over a one-year period of time...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799924/association-of-state-laws-permitting-denial-of-services-to-same-sex-couples-with-mental-distress-in-sexual-minority-adults-a-difference-in-difference-in-differences-analysis
#10
Julia Raifman, Ellen Moscoe, S Bryn Austin, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Sandro Galea
Importance: Recent evidence suggests that state policies affecting sexual minorities are associated with health disparities. Twelve states have laws permitting the denial of services to same-sex couples, and the US Supreme Court is considering whether states can prohibit the denial of services to same-sex couples. Objective: We investigated whether state laws permitting individuals to refuse services to sexual minorities were associated with changes in the proportion of sexual minority adults reporting mental distress...
May 23, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793462/eliminating-the-high-abortion-related-complications-and-deaths-in-cameroon-the-restrictive-legal-atmosphere-on-abortions-is-no-acceptable-excuse
#11
Luchuo Engelbert Bain, Eugene Justine Kongnyuy
BACKGROUND: The abortion law in Cameroon is highly restrictive. The law permits induced abortions only when the woman's life is at risk, to preserve her physical and mental health, and on grounds of rape or incest. Unsafe abortions remain rampant with however rare reported cases of persecution, even when these abortions are proven to have been carried out illegally. DISCUSSION: Available public health interventions are cheap and feasible (Misoprostol and Manual Vacuum Aspiration in post abortion care, modern contraception, post-abortion counseling), and must be implemented to reduce unacceptably high maternal mortality rates in the country which still stand at as high as 596/100...
May 24, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776348/the-influence-of-cross-sectoral-treatment-models-on-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-germany-study-protocol-of-a-nationwide-long-term-evaluation-study-eva64
#12
Anne Neumann, Enno Swart, Dennis Häckl, Roman Kliemt, Stefanie March, Denise Küster, Katrin Arnold, Thomas Petzold, Fabian Baum, Martin Seifert, Jessika Weiß, Andrea Pfennig, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Close, continuous and efficient collaboration between different professions and sectors of care is necessary to provide patient-centered care for individuals with mental disorders. The lack of structured collaboration between in- and outpatient care constitutes a limitation of the German health care system. Since 2012, a new law in Germany (§64b Social code book (SGB) V) has enabled the establishment of cross-sectoral and patient-centered treatment models in psychiatry. Such model projects follow a capitation budget, i...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771617/public-support-for-gun-violence-prevention-policies-among-gun-owners-and-non-gun-owners-in-2017
#13
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764321/the-patient-to-prisoner-pipeline-the-imd-exclusion-s-adverse-impact-on-mass-incarceration-in-united-states
#14
Michael E Onah
A component of the 1965 Medicaid Act, the Institutions for Mental Diseases ("IMD") Exclusion was supposed to be a remedy for the brutal, dysfunctional mental healthcare system run through state hospitals. In the years since Medicaid was created, the IMD Exclusion has instead barred thousands of those in need of intensive, inpatient treatment from receiving it. As a result, many severely mentally ill individuals are left without adequate care and without a home. They struggle in the street where they are otherized by those in their community and are susceptible to confrontational episodes with law enforcement...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749294/questioning-the-current-public-health-approach-to-countering-violent-extremism
#15
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Since the start of the global War on Terror, governments have used the mental health system for counterintelligence purposes. A recent manifestation of this trend is the call from policymakers and mental health researchers to screen individuals at risk for violent extremism through the public health system. Civil rights organisations have raised alarms that Muslims are being disproportionately referred to law enforcement agencies and that Muslim communities are being selected for surveillance despite government assurances that violent extremism is not exclusive to any ideology...
May 11, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732600/how-patient-participation-is-constructed-in-mental-health-care-a-grounded-theory-study
#16
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff, Mari Holen
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: Ten tape-recorded interviews of nurses and observations of interactions between nurses, other health professionals and service users reflected differing constructed views of patient participation...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701601/do-state-physician-health-programs-encourage-referrals-that-violate-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#17
Nicholas D Lawson, J Wesley Boyd
The websites of many physician health programs provide lists describing signs of impairment or indications to refer physician-employees for evaluation and possible treatment. This study aimed (1) to determine how many of these descriptions likely provide physicians' employers with sufficient evidence to legally request mental health examinations under the general regulations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); and (2) to find out who they described. The authors applied US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidance documents and sought expert legal advice to evaluate the descriptions for their consistency with the ADA...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697323/mental-health-in-prisons-treatment-or-unconstitutional-interrogation-an-introduction-to-the-2016-national-health-law-moot-court-competition
#18
Jennifer A Brobst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688522/uninformed-reform-the-attempt-to-abolish-the-hospital-managers-section-23-discharge-power-under-the-mental-health-act-1983
#19
Thomas E Webb
Under section 23 of the Mental Health Act 1983 a person can be discharged by the managers of the hospital from compulsory care. The limited evidence indicates that the section 23 power is normally delegated to a specially appointed panel who hold a hearing. Unfortunately, notwithstanding the implications for the liberty, autonomy, and dignity of the compelled person, very little is known about how this process operates. Nonetheless, since 1996 there has been a sustained effort to abolish the power. In view of this, the proposal to reform the 1983 Act contained in the Queen's Speech January 2017, and the subsequent establishment of the Independent Review of the Mental Health Act in October 2017, I critique the claims made in the abolition debate, and establish the conceptual gaps therein...
April 20, 2018: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#20
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
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