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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992045/a-descriptive-analysis-of-the-educational-perceptions-professional-identity-and-professional-practices-of-dual-trained-music-therapists-as-counselors
#1
Emily E Sevcik, Jennifer D Jones, Charles E Myers
Background: Given the rise in music therapy master's programs that offer dual degrees in music therapy and counseling or programs that satisfy state mental health counseling licensure laws, the professional counseling field is playing an increased role in the advanced education and professional practices of music therapists. Objective: To identify factors that lead music therapists to pursue advanced education with an emphasis in professional counseling, perceptions about benefits and drawbacks for three advanced degree options (i...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983959/countywide-implementation-of-crisis-intervention-teams-multiple-methods-measures-and-sustained-outcomes
#2
Sheryl Kubiak, Erin Comartin, Edita Milanovic, Deborah Bybee, Elizabeth Tillander, Celeste Rabaut, Heidi Bisson, Lisa M Dunn, Michael J Bouchard, Todd Hill, Steven Schneider
The crisis intervention team (CIT) is a tool that can be used to foster pre-booking diversion of individuals with mental illness from the criminal justice system and into community treatment services. Although CIT is often implemented solely as the training of law enforcement officers, the model stipulates that CIT is a vehicle for collaboration with community stakeholders who share a similar philosophy, as well as expanded mental health services offering a 24 hour-seven days per week drop-off option for law enforcement officers...
October 5, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969704/a-health-app-developer-s-guide-to-law-and-policy-a-multi-sector-policy-analysis
#3
Lisa Parker, Tanya Karliychuk, Donna Gillies, Barbara Mintzes, Melissa Raven, Quinn Grundy
BACKGROUND: Apps targeted at health and wellbeing sit in a rapidly growing industry associated with widespread optimism about their potential to deliver accessible and cost-effective healthcare. App developers might not be aware of all the regulatory requirements and best practice principles are emergent. Health apps are regulated in order to minimise their potential for harm due to, for example, loss of personal health privacy, financial costs, and health harms from delayed or unnecessary diagnosis, monitoring and treatment...
October 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962685/compulsory-psychiatric-treatment-checklist-instrument-development-and-clinical-application
#4
Sofia Brissos, Filipe Vicente, João Miguel Oliveira, Gonçalo Santos Sobreira, Zita Gameiro, Cátia Alves Moreira, Mariana Pinto da Costa, Marta Queirós, Eva Mendes, Susana Renca, Henrique Prata-Ribeiro, Maurício Scopel Hoffmann, Fernando Vieira
Instruments designed to evaluate the necessity of compulsory psychiatric treatment (CPT) are scarce to non-existent. We developed a 25-item Checklist (scoring 0 to 50) with four clusters (Legal, Danger, Historic and Cognitive), based on variables identified as relevant to compulsory treatment. The Compulsory Treatment Checklist (CTC) was filled with information on case (n=324) and control (n=251) subjects, evaluated under the Portuguese Mental Health Act (Law 36/98), in three hospitals. For internal validation, we used Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), testing unidimensional and bifactor models...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962684/rights-laws-and-tensions-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-and-the-who-resource-book-on-mental-health-human-rights-and-legislation
#5
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Good mental health legislation is essential for ensuring high quality mental health care and protecting human rights. Many countries are attempting to bring mental health legislation in line with the UN - Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability (UN-CRPD). The UN-CRPD requires policy-makers to rethink the 'medical model' of mental illness and existing laws. It also challenges WHO guidelines on drafting mental health law, described in the WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation (WHO-RB)...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962682/confronting-online-social-aggression-in-hong-kong-a-wake-up-call
#6
Rebecca Ong
Online bullying as a form of online aggression is an increasingly growing phenomenon that is experienced by all age groups. Apart from the use of technology, online bullying shares the same attributes as conventional bullying. This includes a power imbalance vis-a-vis the bully and the victim and the victims' feeling of helplessness. Its impact however, is greater resulting in severe psychological, social and mental health problems. Because online bullying presents a new type of challenge for lawmakers, educators and parents, there may not be a single solution to this social problem...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949462/peruvian-mental-health-reform-a-framework-for-scaling-up-mental-health-services
#7
Mauricio Toyama, Humberto Castillo, Jerome T Galea, Lena R Brandt, María Mendoza, Vanessa Herrera, Martha Mitrani, Yuri Cutipé, Victoria Cavero, Francisco Diez-Canseco, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Mental, neurological, and substance (MNS) use disorders are a leading cause of disability worldwide; specifically in Peru, MNS affect 1 in 5 persons. However, the great majority of people suffering from these disorders do not access care, thereby making necessary the improvement of existing conditions including a major rearranging of current health system structures beyond care delivery strategies. This paper reviews and examines recent developments in mental health policies in Peru, presenting an overview of the initiatives currently being introduced and the main implementation challenges they face...
January 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948435/untamed-jianghu-or-emerging-profession-diagnosing-the-psycho-boom-amid-china-s-mental-health-legislation
#8
Hsuan-Ying Huang
This article focuses on the psychotherapy debate in China that was triggered by the country's mental health legislation. Seeing the release of the draft Mental Health Law in 2011 as a "diagnostic event" (Moore in Am Ethnol 14(4):727-736, 1987), I examine the debate in order to unravel the underlying logic and ongoing dynamics of the psycho-boom that has become a conspicuous trend in urban China since the early 2000s. Drawing on my fieldwork in Beijing and Shanghai, I use the two keywords of the debate-"jianghu" (literally "rivers and lakes"), an indigenous term that evokes an untamed realm, and "profession," a foreign concept whose translation requires re-translation-to organize my delineation of its contours...
September 25, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940229/patient-participation-in-mental-health-care-perspectives-of-healthcare-professionals-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff
BACKGROUND: In contemporary Western liberal society, patient participation has become a key goal in psychiatric healthcare treatment. Health professionals must encourage patients to play an active and involved part in their treatment. According to Danish health law, patients have the right to participate in their treatment, and the mental health system therefore needs to be reformed in order to ensure that treatment is based on individual, liberal, values. However, patient participation is not clearly defined, and it is therefore a challenge to transfer it to clinical practice...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933926/law-enforcement-and-gun-retailers-as-partners-for-safely-storing-guns-to-prevent-suicide-a-study-in-8-mountain-west-states
#10
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sara Brandspigel, Marian Betz, Gregory Tung, Douglas Novins, Robert Agans
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and gun retailers are willing to offer voluntary, temporary storage as a part of an overall suicide prevention effort. METHODS: We invited all LEAs and gun retailers in 8 US states to respond to questionnaires asking about their willingness to offer temporary gun storage and their recommendations to gun owners about safe storage. RESULTS: We collected data in 2016 from 448 LEAs and 95 retailers (response rates of 53% and 25%, respectively)...
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#11
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914119/building-on-mental-health-training-for-law-enforcement-strengthening-community-partnerships
#12
Jorien Campbell, Cyrus Ahalt, Randall Hagar, William Arroyo
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of law enforcement training related to the high number of interactions with persons with mental illness, and to recommend next steps in preparing law enforcement to effectively meet this challenge. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed the current literature on relevant law enforcement training programs, focusing primarily on crisis intervention team (CIT) training, and used the case example of California to identify opportunities to improve and enhance law enforcement preparedness for the challenge of responding to persons with mental illness...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913835/retributive-justifications-for-jail-diversion-of-individuals-with-mental-disorder
#13
E Lea Johnston
Jail diversion programs have proliferated across the United States as a means to decrease the incarceration of individuals with mental illnesses. These programs include pre-adjudication initiatives, such as crisis intervention teams, as well as post-adjudication programs, such as mental health courts and specialized probationary services. Post-adjudication programs often operate at the point of sentencing, so their comportment with criminal justice norms is crucial. This article investigates whether and under what circumstances post-adjudication diversion for offenders with serious mental illnesses may cohere with principles of retributive justice...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893073/challenges-faced-by-caregivers-of-children-on-antiretroviral-therapy-at-mutale-municipality-selected-healthcare-facilities-vhembe-district-limpopo-province
#14
Rhudzani V Mafune, Rachel T Lebese, Livhuwani H Nemathaga
BACKGROUND: Children depend solely on caregivers who can be either parents or guardians for drug administration to enhance adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART), which might pose any number of challenges. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the challenges faced by caregivers of children on ART at Mutale Municipality, Vhembe District, Limpopo Province. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: The research design was qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual in nature...
August 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880620/time-to-act-to-improve-mental-health-care-services
#15
John Tingle
John Tingle, Reader in Health Law at Nottingham Trent University, discusses the Care Quality Commission report on specialist mental health services.
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875720/psychiatric-advance-directives-in-australian-mental-health-legislation
#16
Calina Ouliaris, Warren Kealy-Bateman
OBJECTIVE: Following the recent widespread reform of mental-health legislation in Australia, psychiatric advance directives (PADs) have now been incorporated in four jurisdictions. We contextualise the potential role for PADs within the Australian legal framework and note their varying introduction across jurisdictions, with a focus on progressive legislation in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). CONCLUSION: The formal recognition of PADs effectively shifts the trajectory of mental-health law towards a stronger recognition of consumer autonomy, albeit to varying degrees across jurisdictions...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853813/police-community-safety-and-trust
#17
Rich Williams
(1)In 2017 alone, 46 states have enacted over 270 laws affecting policing. (2) At least six states have enacted laws to train the public on their rights and expectations during police interactions. (3) Police are increasingly partnering with health care professionals to more safely respond to mental health and substance use disorders.
August 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834024/nonmedical-versus-medical-marijuana-use-among-three-age-groups-of-adults-associations-with-mental-and-physical-health-status
#18
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, Carl Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Given that 29 U.S. states now have laws allowing medical marijuana use, this study examined mental and physical health correlates of medical versus nonmedical marijuana use among three age groups of adults (18-29, 30-49, and 50+). METHODS: Data came from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N = 36,309 respondents aged 18+). Logistic regression models were used to examine age group differences in associations of substance use and mental disorders and health conditions with medical versus nonmedical marijuana use...
October 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828037/concordance-of-the-indian-mental-healthcare-act-2017-with-the-world-health-organization-s-checklist-on-mental-health-legislation
#19
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: India is revising its mental health legislation with the Indian Mental Healthcare Act 2017 (IMHA). When implemented, this legislation will apply to over 1.25 billion people. In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a Resource Book (WHO-RB) on mental health, human rights and legislation, including a checklist of 175 specific items to be addressed in mental health legislation or policy in individual countries. Even following the publication of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (2006), the WHO-RB remains the most comprehensive checklist for mental health legislation available, rooted in UN and WHO documents and providing the most systematic, detailed framework for human rights analysis of mental health legislation...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806892/addressing-complexity-and-improving-access-in-community-mental-health-services-an-inner-city-adaptation-of-flexible-act
#20
Arash Nakhost, Samuel F Law, Katherine M Francombe Pridham, Vicky Stergiopoulos
To serve a wider range of patients with serious mental illness and develop more integrated, flexible services, investigators in Toronto redesigned a high-fidelity assertive community treatment (ACT) team according to flexible ACT (FACT) principles. FACT, developed in the Netherlands, merges ACT and intensive case management (ICM) services. This model holds the promise of an affordable approach to addressing unmet service needs in community mental health, particularly for patients with complex health issues, by widening the ACT admission criteria...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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