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Mental health and the law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092228/a-comparative-study-of-vocational-education-and-occupational-safety-and-health-training-in-china-and-the-uk
#1
Baisheng Nie, Xin Huang, Fei Xue, Jiang Chen, Xiaobing Liu, Yangyang Meng, Jinxin Huang
In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068413/social-and-genetic-networks-of-hiv-1-transmission-in-new-york-city
#2
Joel O Wertheim, Sergei L Kosakovsky Pond, Lisa A Forgione, Sanjay R Mehta, Ben Murrell, Sharmila Shah, Davey M Smith, Konrad Scheffler, Lucia V Torian
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections spread across contact networks. Partner elicitation and notification are commonly used public health tools to identify, notify, and offer testing to persons linked in these contact networks. For HIV-1, a rapidly evolving pathogen with low per-contact transmission rates, viral genetic sequences are an additional source of data that can be used to infer or refine transmission networks. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene interviews individuals newly diagnosed with HIV and elicits names of sexual and injection drug using partners...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066503/why-do-psychiatric-patients-in-korea-stay-longer-in-hospital
#3
EDITORIAL
Agnus M Kim
Korea is the only developed country that saw an increase in the number of psychiatric beds with the longest average length of stay of psychiatric patients for the past decades. This phenomenon can be explained regarding the payment system, the law, and society. Korea is in a critical position concerning mental health policy. How it paves the way for reducing psychiatric admissions will provide a model for rearranging the interests of different social groups for the sake of a higher value, that of human rights...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059616/challenges-health-implications-and-advocacy-opportunities-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-global-health-providers
#4
Jason M Nagata
In this commentary, I reflect on challenges with conducting global health research internationally as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, grapple with decisions related to coming out in regions with anti-LGBT laws, and outline the risks and benefits of different advocacy options related to the promotion of LGBT health globally. Despite significant advances in LGBT rights in many countries, homosexuality remains illegal in many others. Using a critical medical anthropology framework, I argue that anti-LGBT laws constitute structural violence and have many detrimental consequences including discrimination and violence; poorer mental and physical health outcomes; and risky sexual behaviors...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058539/validation-of-the-ucla-scleroderma-clinical-trial-consortium-gastrointestinal-tract-instrument-2-0-in-english-and-chinese-speaking-patients-in-a-multi-ethnic-singapore-systemic-sclerosis-cohort
#5
Andrea Hsiu Ling Low, Xiaohui Xin, Weng Giap Law, Gim Gee Teng, Amelia Santosa, Anita Lim, Grace Chan, Swee Cheng Ng, Julian Thumboo
The aim of this study was to (1) translate the Gastrointestinal Tract Instrument (GIT) 2.0 from English to Chinese and (2) validate both versions in a multi-ethnic systemic sclerosis cohort in Singapore (SCORE). The English GIT2.0 was translated to Chinese using a standard forward-backward translation approach. Psychometric evaluation of the GIT2.0 included internal consistency reliability (using Cronbach's alpha), test-retest reliability (using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC)), scale level factor analysis, and construct validity (using Spearman correlation) against the modified Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire (S-HAQ) and the SF-36 v2...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056594/book-review-disordered-personalities-and-crime-an-analysis-of-the-history-of-moral-insanity-mental-illness-human-rights-and-the-law-mental-health-and-the-criminal-justice-system-a-social-work-perspective-handbook-of-secure-care-and-secure-lives-the-meaning
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055959/preoperative-low-tri-iodothyronine-concentration-is-associated-with-worse-health-status-and-shorter-five-year-survival-of-primary-brain-tumor-patients
#7
Adomas Bunevicius, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Sarunas Tamasauskas, Timothy Smith, Edward R Laws, Robertas Bunevicius, Giorgio Iervasi, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: Low tri-iodothyronine syndrome is associated with worse prognosis of severely ill patients. We investigated the association of thyroid hormone levels with discharge outcomes and 5-year mortality in primary brain tumor patients. METHODS: From January, 2010 until September, 2011, 230 patients (70% women) before brain tumor surgery were evaluated for cognitive (Mini mental State Examination; MMSE) and functional (Barthel index; BI) status, and thyroid function profile...
December 30, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052709/views-on-the-effects-of-the-spanish-dependency-law-on-caregivers-quality-of-life-using-concept-mapping
#8
María Salvador-Piedrafita, Davide Malmusi, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Albert Espelt, Cristina Pérez, Elisabeth Solf, María Abajo Del Rincón, Carme Borrell
In 2006 the Spanish Dependency Law established new rights for people in situation of dependency. The impact of the Law could have also affected the quality of life of their carers. This study aims to understand how the Law may have influenced caregivers' quality of life through their own perceptions and those of Primary Health Care professionals, and to compare both perspectives. The study used Concept Mapping, a mixed methods technique. In total, 16 caregivers and 21 professionals participated. Both groups identified a mix of positive and negative effects...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040228/the-compulsory-psychiatric-regime-in-hong-kong-constitutional-and-ethical-perspectives
#9
Daisy Cheung
This article examines the compulsory psychiatric regime in Hong Kong. Under section 36 of the Mental Health Ordinance, which authorises long-term detention of psychiatric patients, a District Judge is required to countersign the form filled out by the registered medical practitioners in order for the detention to be valid. Case law, however, has shown that the role of the District Judge is merely administrative. This article suggests that, as it currently stands, the compulsory psychiatric regime in Hong Kong is unconstitutional because it fails the proportionality test...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029436/psychiatric-psychological-forensic-report-writing
#10
Gerald Young
Approaches to forensic report writing in psychiatry, psychology, and related mental health disciplines have moved from an organization, content, and stylistic framework to considering ethical and other codes, evidentiary standards, and practice considerations. The first part of the article surveys different approaches to forensic report writing, including that of forensic mental health assessment and psychiatric ethics. The second part deals especially with psychological ethical approaches. The American Psychological Association's Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct (2002) provide one set of principles on which to base forensic report writing...
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007811/continuities-of-risk-in-the-era-of-the-mental-capacity-act
#11
John Fanning
When compared with the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 1983 seems an outlier. It authorises compulsory treatment of mental disorders on the basis of P's risks. English law, therefore, discriminates between mental and physical disorders. Following the UK's ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the MHA probably also violates international law. Against this backdrop, one might expect that decisions contingent on risk are confined to the MHA and have no relevance elsewhere...
2016: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007535/association-between-weight-status-and-men-s-positive-mental-health-the-influence-of-marital-status
#12
Francine de Montigny, Lyne Cloutier, Sophie Meunier, Caroline Cyr, Simon Coulombe, Gilles Tremblay, Nathalie Auger, Bernard Roy, Isabelle Gaboury, Brigitte Lavoie, Harold Dion, Janie Houle
The purpose of this study was to (1) examine the association between weight status and men's positive mental health, defined as the presence of symptoms of emotional, psychological, and social well-being, and (2) evaluate the moderating effect of marital status. A total of 645 men aged between 19 and 71 years self-reported their height and weight and answered a questionnaire measuring their emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Analysis of variance revealed that mean levels of emotional, psychological, and social well-being did not significantly differ according to men's weight status...
December 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006974/resilience-style-questionnaire
#13
Winnie W S Mak, Ivy S W Ng, Celia C Y Wong, Rita W Law
The present research aims to develop and validate a measure of resilience that reflects the influence of Confucian philosophies and Chinese cultural lay beliefs. Based on a representative sample of 1,419 college students from universities and a clinical sample of 214 cardiac patients in Hong Kong, reliability, construct validity, and criterion validity of the Resilience Style Questionnaire (RSQ) were examined. A two-factor structure of the RSQ was explored and validated in both samples. Results showed that the two factors of the RSQ (i...
December 1, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977083/the-2014-survey-on-living-with-chronic-diseases-in-canada-on-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-methodological-overview
#14
S O'Donnell, R Cheung, K Bennett, C Lagacé
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of information about the impact of mood and anxiety disorders on Canadians and the approaches used to manage them. To address this gap, the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component (SLCDC-MA) was developed. The purpose of this paper is to describe the methodology of the 2014 SLCDC-MA and examine the sociodemographic characteristics of the final sample. METHODS: The 2014 SLCDC-MA is a cross-sectional follow-up survey that includes Canadians from the 10 provinces aged 18 years and older with mood and/or anxiety disorders diagnosed by a health professional that are expected to last, or have already lasted, six months or more...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923800/school-shootings-during-2013-2015-in-the-usa
#15
Bindu Kalesan, Kinan Lagast, Marcos Villarreal, Elizabeth Pino, Jeffrey Fagan, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Data on the factors associated with school shootings in the USA are limited. The public conversation has often suggested several factors that may be linked to these events, however with little empirical support. Aiming to fill this gap, we describe the characteristics of school shooting incidents in the USA between 2013 and 2015 and explore whether four factors that represent domains of firearm policy, educational policy and epidemiological risk factors for intentional firearm injuries-background check (BC) policies, per capita mental health expenditures (MHE), K-12 education expenditure (KEE) and urbanicity-were associated with school shootings during this period...
December 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923435/a-single-arm-pilot-trial-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-adolescents-with-physical-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#16
Tonya M Palermo, Sarah Beals-Erickson, Maggie Bromberg, Emily Law, Maida Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The majority of adolescents with chronic insomnia have physical health or psychiatric comorbidities; insomnia is also associated with greater negative daytime symptoms (e.g., depressive symptoms) and reduced overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, to date, there has been limited attention to treatment of insomnia in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the preliminary efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) intervention on sleep, psychological symptoms, and HRQOL outcomes in adolescents with insomnia and co-occurring physical or psychiatric comorbidities...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914507/psychiatric-psychological-injury-and-law-introduction
#17
EDITORIAL
Gerald Young
This special issue on psychiatric/psychological injury and law covers major developments in the field, and illustrates the complexities for mental health professionals in dealing with psychiatric/psychological injuries in court. The articles vary in the range of topics covered, and include ones on posttraumatic stress disorder, other trauma reactions, dissociation, disability, pain, and traumatic brain injury, in particular but also new areas, such as the effects of early penile injury. Work in the area of psychiatric/psychological injury and law needs to be scientifically-informed, comprehensive, and impartial, and the series of articles to follow will help workers in the area meet this standard...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908850/we-should-replace-conventional-mental-health-law-with-capacity-based-law
#18
George Szmukler, Brendan D Kelly
As general medicine moves away from 'paternalism' and places an increasing emphasis on patient choice and autonomy, George Szmukler and Brendan D. Kelly debate whether conventional mental health legislation should be replaced with a model that focuses on the person's decision-making capabilities.
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903141/does-the-second-amendment-protect-the-gun-rights-of-persons-with-mental-illness
#19
Paul S Appelbaum
Under federal law, persons who have been involuntarily hospitalized for psychiatric reasons are permanently barred from gun possession. That policy was challenged in 2012 by a Michigan man who had been committed 25 years earlier and who was blocked in 2011 from buying a gun. Considering his claim, the Sixth Circuit held that people with mental illness are not categorically excluded from Second Amendment protection and that an irreversible lifetime ban was unconstitutional. Although many mental health organizations and practitioners favor gun restrictions, they oppose discriminatory treatment of persons with mental illness, creating ambivalence about the decision, which presages greater involvement of mental health professionals in decisions regarding gun rights restoration...
January 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902133/understanding-mental-capacity-law-and-making-best-interests-decisions
#20
Ann Regan, Caitlin Sheehy
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 was enacted with the aim of improving the protection provided by the law to the most vulnerable people in society. The principles of the act specify to whom the act can be applied, and how to ensure these individuals are placed at the centre of decision-making about their treatment and care. It covers those people who raise objections to treatments and care proposed by health and social care professionals and, crucially, it offers protection to those who raise no objection. Appropriate application of the act should ensure all treatment and care planned for vulnerable people is in those individuals' best interests...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
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