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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209375/suboptimal-achievement-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-french-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-contemporary-data-from-the-dysis-ii-acs-chd-study
#1
Jean Ferrières, Maja Velkovski Rouyer, Dominik Lautsch, Veronica Ashton, Baishali M Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi, Anselm K Gitt
BACKGROUND: European guidelines recommend a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target of<1.8mmol/L (70mg/dL), and/or a≥50% reduction when the target level cannot be reached, for patients at very high cardiovascular risk, and high-potency lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). AIM: To document the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and the achievement of lipid targets among patients surviving an ACS and in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), using data from the DYSIS II study...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183097/abstracts-of-the-32nd-turkish-cardiology-congress-with-international-participation-october-20-23-2016-antalya-turkey
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176416/association-between-demographic-organizational-clinical-and-socio-economic-characteristics-and-underutilization-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-results-from-the-swedish-heart-failure-registry
#3
Lars H Lund, Frieder Braunschweig, Lina Benson, Marcus Ståhlberg, Ulf Dahlström, Cecilia Linde
AIMS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves outcomes in heart failure (HF) but may be underutilized. The reasons are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We linked the Swedish Heart Failure Registry to national registries with ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision) co-morbidity diagnoses and demographic and socio-economic data. In patients with EF ≤39% and NYHA II-IV, we assessed prevalence of CRT indication and CRT use. In those with CRT indication, we assessed the association between 37 potential baseline covariates and CRT non-use using multivariable generalized estimating equation (GEE) models...
February 7, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170357/on-x-valve-the-next-generation-aortic-valve
#4
Rahul Chaudhary, Jalaj Garg, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Neeraj Shah, Bruce A Feldman, Matthew W Martinez, Ronald Freudenberger
The On-X valve is a newer generation mechanical bileaflet valve. Its key features include the use of pure pyrolytic carbon (devoid of silicon), a length-to-diameter ratio similar to a native valve, an inlet flared orifice, a leaflet opening up to 90 degrees, a shorter leaflet closing angle, a 2-point leaflet contact, and an actuated pivot. These features have translated into increased strength, improved valve hemodynamics, reduced hemolysis, and thrombogenicity. The 2014 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease recommend an international normalized ratio (INR) of 2...
March 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138915/evaluation-of-internet-based-patient-education-materials-from-internal-medicine-subspecialty-organizations-will-patients-understand-them
#6
David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Elizabeth S John, Ann M John, Prateek Agarwal, James C Reynolds, Stephen R Baker
The majority of Americans use the Internet daily, if not more often, and many search online for health information to better understand a diagnosis they have been given or to research treatment options. The average American reads at an eighth-grade level. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the readability of online patient education materials on the websites of 14 professional organizations representing the major internal medicine subspecialties. We used ten well-established quantitative readability scales to assess written text from patient education materials published on the websites of the major professional organizations representing the following subspecialty groups: allergy and immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, hematology, hospice and palliative care, infectious disease, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology and critical care, rheumatology, sleep medicine, and sports medicine...
January 30, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118149/assessment-of-the-occupational-eye-lens-dose-for-clinical-staff-in-interventional-radiology-cardiology-and-neuroradiology
#7
Artur Omar, Nils Kadesjö, Charlotta Palmgren, Maria Marteinsdottir, Tony Segerdahl, Annette Fransson
In accordance with recommendations by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the current European Basic Safety Standards has adopted a reduced occupational eye lens dose limit of 20 mSv yr(-1). The radiation safety implications of this dose limit is of concern for clinical staff that work with relatively high dose x-ray angiography and interventional radiology. Presented in this work is a thorough assessment of the occupational eye lens dose based on clinical measurements with active personal dosimeters worn by staff during various types of procedures in interventional radiology, cardiology and neuroradiology...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117146/composite-y-grafting-using-the-left-internal-thoracic-artery-survival-and-angiography-in-198-cases
#8
Benjamin M Robinson, Hugh S Paterson, A Robert Denniss
BACKGROUND: Extended left internal thoracic artery (LITA) harvesting allows maximal grafting to the anterior and lateral walls with a single ITA conduit. This study evaluates outcomes following the use of a LITA Y graft as the primary grafting strategy. METHODS: Patients who underwent LITA composite Y-grafting (n=198) between 1995 and 2009 were identified from a cardiac surgical database. Follow-up (mean 13.1 years) was obtained by cross-reference with the state death registry and local cardiology databases...
December 23, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116464/-sports-cardiology-overview-of-relevant-clinical-topics
#9
R Laszlo, J Scharhag, C Burgstahler, H Striegel, J M Steinacker
Physical activity is nowadays an established therapeutic principle concerning primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases; therefore, in internal sports medicine various aspects go beyond basic cardiological knowledge and require special medical expertise (sports cardiology). Acute cardiac risk is increased during physical activity; therefore, physical activity should be individually phased under consideration of the whole clinical situation. Physical training results in a functional adaptation of the cardiovascular system...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103457/-congenital-heart-disease-in-children-with-down-syndrome-what-has-changed-in-the-last-three-decades
#10
Filipa Mestre Dias, Susana Cordeiro, Isabel Menezes, Graça Nogueira, Ana Teixeira, Marta Marques, Miguel Abecasis, Rui Anjos
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Down syndrome has increased in the last 30 years; 55% of these children have congenital heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal cohort study; clinical data from 1982 to 2013 databases with the diagnosis of Down syndrome or trisomy 21 in a reference hospital in pediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: to assess the progress in the last three decades of cardiological care given to children with Down syndrome and congenital heart disease...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100274/using-medical-specialty-and-selection-criteria-clusters-to-study-specialty-selection-by-israeli-medical-students
#11
Yoram G Weiss, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Howard Tandeter, Uriel Elchalal, Alex Avidan, Josh E Schroeder, Charles Weissman
BACKGROUND: During their final year of medical school, Israeli students must consider which specialty to choose for residency. Based on the vocational counseling literature we presumed that choices are made by selecting from a cluster of related specialties while considering professional and socio-economic issues. METHODS: Questionnaires distributed to final-year medical students at two Israeli medical schools ascertained inclinations toward various medical specialties and the importance of various selection criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092990/in-hospital-statin-underutilization-among-high-risk-patients-delayed-uptake-of-the-2013-cholesterol-guidelines-in-a-u-s-cohort
#12
Subeer K Wadia, Mark Belkin, Kelsey S Chow, Jonathan Nattiv, Andrew Appis, Steven B Feinstein, Kim Allan Williams
OBJECTIVES: Clinician utilization of the 2013 cholesterol lowering guidelines remains variable and unknown. We sought to examine statin prescribing patterns and compare rates among specialists who treat high-risk cardiovascular patients admitted to the hospital. METHODS: We retrospectively (via chart review) examined four specialty groups: (i) Cardiology, (ii) Cardiovascular or Vascular (CV) Surgery, (iii) Neurology, and (iv) Internal Medicine. Adult patients were included based on a discharge diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, carotid endarterectomy, acute ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, or high-risk chest pain...
February 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092429/residents-understanding-of-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Paul Cooper, Morgan Hindes, Timothy M Maul, Stephen C Cook
OBJECTIVE: Medical residents are exposed to increasing numbers of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). While inadequate ACHD knowledge may lead to inappropriate practice, this educational deficit has not been investigated. Our aim was to analyze residents' attitudes, perceived ability, and knowledge of ACHD medicine. DESIGN, METHODS, OUTCOME MEASURES: A single center, multiprogram cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 using an electronic survey to assess 472 medical residents' perceived knowledge and self-assessed skills related to ACHD medicine...
January 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087308/myocardial-inotropic-reserve-an-old-twist-that-constitutes-a-reliable-index-in-the-modern-era-of-heart-failure
#14
REVIEW
Fragkiskos Parthenakis, Spyridon Maragkoudakis, Maria Marketou, Alexandros Patrianakos, Evaggelos Zacharis, Panos Vardas
Current national and international guidelines, including those of the European Society of Cardiology, recognize that the assessment of prognosis should be a part of the standard management for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, these same guidelines recognize the inherent difficulty of this process. A variety of factors contribute to this difficulty, including the varying etiology, frequent co-morbidity and, perhaps most importantly, huge inter-individual variability in the disease progression and outcome...
November 22, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058458/-vitamin-k-antagonists-is-their-prescription-really-medical-malpractice-%C3%A2-today
#15
E Rafflenbeul, J Müller-Ehmsen
Atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolisms are frequent cardiovascular diseases. Until a few years ago only vitamin K antagonists (VKA) were available for oral anticoagulation as primary and secondary prevention of thrombembolic events. Currently, the non-vitamin K dependent new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are approved for use. The approval studies, meta-analyses and data from registries provide evidence for the superiority of NOAC vs. VKA with respect to reduction of thrombembolisms and reduced bleeding complications; therefore, in the 2016 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines the use of NOAC is recommended as first line therapy for anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation (recommendation grade I/evidence level A)...
January 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012071/depression-contributing-to-dyslipidemic-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-metabolic-syndrome
#16
A V Lemche, O S Chaban, E Lemche
PURPOSE: Triglycerides are considered an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Recent evidence relating depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) implicated triglyceride levels. We thus investigated interrelations of self-reported depression severity (Zung) and MetS-related biological measures with CVD risk estimates in MetS patients. METHODS: N = 101 patients fulfilling International Diabetes Federation criteria for MetS from a nationwide sampled treatment cohort for MetS with familial T2DM risk or manifest T2DM in a Ukrainian governmental health care system were participants...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010940/-profile-of-heart-failure-according-to-the-department-of-admission-implications-for-multidisciplinary-management
#17
Lourdes Vicent, Ana Ayesta, María Teresa Vidán, José María de Miguel-Yanes, Jorge García, María Tamargo, Víctor Gómez, Samuel Véliz, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
INTRODUCTION: Population aging has led to notable changes in heart failure admissions. The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics, comorbidity, management, and outcomes of this patient population in three hospital departments. METHODS: An analysis was made of a prospective register that included all patients admitted due to heart failure in Internal Medicine, Cardiology, and Geriatrics over a period of 45 days. RESULTS: Of a total of 235 patients, 124 (52...
December 20, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996317/cardiac-arrest-with-clozapine-and-olanzapine-revealing-long-qt-syndrome
#18
Edward Woloszyn, Nishant Whig, Eileen Trigoboff, Jeffery J Grace
The authors describe a rare case of "concealed" congenital Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) Type 3 in a patient with treatment resistant schizophrenia and no known personal or family history of cardiac disease. The patient in this Case Report had a hidden genetic condition revealed only following the essential administration of antipsychotics. As a result, this patient experienced an aborted cardiac arrest and a total of five episodes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) requiring cardioversion. Successful control of the VT occurred with an Automatic Internal Defibrillator (AID), judicious use of antipsychotic medications, and anti-arrhythmic medications...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992015/analysis-of-the-costs-and-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-in-oncological-monitoring
#19
Élide Sbardellotto Mariano da Costa, Adriano Hyeda
Objective: To analyze the health care costs specifically related to cardiovascular diseases, which were spent by patients of a private healthcare provider in southern Brazil, after their diagnosis of cancer. Method: We developed an observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study, with a qualitative-quantitative strategy, through the activity of analytical internal audit of medical accounts. Results: 860 accounts from 2012 to 2015 were analyzed, 73% referred to female users, with average age of 62...
November 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908896/depression-screening-with-patient-targeted-feedback-in-cardiology-depscreen-info-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
Bernd Löwe, Stefan Blankenberg, Karl Wegscheider, Hans-Helmut König, Dirk Walter, Alexandra M Murray, Benjamin Gierk, Sebastian Kohlmann
BACKGROUND: International guidelines advocate depression screening in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and other chronic illnesses, but evidence is lacking. AIMS: To test the differential efficacy of written patient-targeted feedback v. no written patient feedback after depression screening. METHOD: Patients with CHD or hypertension from three cardiology settings were randomised and screened for depression (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01879111)...
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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