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Dental bonding

Włodzimierz Więckiewicz, Marcin Kasiak, Natalia Grychowska, Joanna Smardz, Mariusz Pryliński
BACKGROUND: The reduction of dental and alveolar undercuts on plaster models is an important issue in the process of planning partial and complete prostheses. In recent years, new materials such as methacrylate resins that can be used to reduce undercuts have emerged. Their great advantage is high temperature insensitivity and relatively high ease of use. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed at determining the factors that affect the shear bond strength, and which material can be better used at the laboratory stage of preparing the plaster model to facilitate the denture bearing area and reduce the traumatizing impact of the prosthesis...
March 19, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Subhashree Priyadarsini, Sumit Mukherjee, Monalisa Mishra
Nanotechnology is widely used in our day to day life including its use in medicine. Using nanotechnology, it is easy to analyze and manipulate atoms, chemical bonds and molecules present between various compounds. Nanotechnology is used in the dental field as nano dentistry. While choosing the nanoparticle for the use in the field of nano dentistry its chemical, physical, along with the biological aspect of nanostructures are taken into account. Often various atoms or molecules are added to form the functional structure...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Yan Liu, Ling Zhang, Li-Na Niu, Tao Yu, Hockin H K Xu, Michael D Weir, Thomas W Oates, Franklin R Tay, Ji-Hua Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bonding performance, antibacterial activity, and remineralization effect on enamel of the orthodontic adhesive containing MAE-DB and NACP. METHODS: Eighty non-carious human premolars were divided into 3 groups: Transbond XT (TB), PEHB + 5% MAE-DB (PD), and PEHB + 40% NACP + 5% MAE-DB (PND). Premolars were bonded with orthodontic brackets, the first subgroup (n = 10) and the second subgroup (n = 10) were subjected to shear bond strength testing after immersed in water for 1 day and in demineralization solution for 28 days respectively and then tested surface roughness, while the third subgroup (n = 6) was used for microhardness evaluation after aged in demineralization solution for 28 days...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Bilal Mourshed, Abdulaziz Samran, Amal Alfagih, Ahalm Samran, Saleem Abdulrab, Matthias Kern
PURPOSE: This review evaluated the survival rate of single retainer anterior resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) to determine whether the choice of material affects their clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search of the English peer-reviewed dental literature in PubMed was conducted to identify all publications reporting on cantilever RBFDPs until May 2016. Study information extraction and methodological quality assessments were accomplished by two reviewers independently...
March 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Sergio Sambataro, Gabriele Cervino, Luca Fiorillo, Marco Cicciù
The present study aimed to find the proper distorotation of the upper first premolar to achieve the therapeutic ideal advocated for the stability of the human occlusion. Normal teeth were analyzed and occlusal photocopies of upper arch were made to perform the 2 measurements. The first parameter was the angle formed by the perpendicular to the wire through the buccal cusp and a line connecting the buccal and the lingual cusps of the upper first premolar. The second one was the angle from the buccal line and the sagittal plane of the model...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hind Larabi, Sibel Cetik, Hoang Thai Ha, Ramin Atash
PURPOSE: To compare different dental bonding systems that are currently available on the market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 extracted, intact third molars were coated in resin, cut, and divided into 10 groups of 10 molars each. Molars were bonded to zirconia blocks with a different bonding system per group. Resistance to shear forces was tested using a universal traction machine. Samples were observed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to determine the type of fracture...
March 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Ama Johal, Asma B Ashari, Nasser Alamiri, Padhraig S Fleming, Usman Qureshi, Shirley Cox, Nikolaos Pandis
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the intensity and duration of pain experience in adults over the initial three visits of fixed appliance-based orthodontic treatment. A secondary objective was to assess the relationship between pain experience and analgesic use, dental irregularity, gender, and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study design was adopted. Fifty-eight adults undergoing fixed appliance treatment in five orthodontic practices recorded pain experience at four time points (4 hours, 24 hours, 3 days, and 7 days) following the initial bond-up appointment (T0) and first (T1) and second (T2) routine follow-up adjustment appointments using a visual analogue scale...
March 6, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Konstantinos Dimitriadis, Konstantinos Spyropoulos, Triantafillos Papadopoulos
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to record the metal-ceramic bond strength of a feldspathic dental porcelain and a Co-Cr alloy, using the Direct Metal Laser Sintering technique (DMLS) for the fabrication of metal substrates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten metal substrates were fabricated with powder of a dental Co-Cr alloy using DMLS technique (test group) in dimensions according to ISO 9693. Another ten substrates were fabricated with a casing dental Co-Cr alloy using classic casting technique (control group) for comparison...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Xanthippi Chatzistavrou, Anna Lefkelidou, Lambrini Papadopoulou, Eleni Pavlidou, Konstantinos M Paraskevopoulos, J Christopher Fenno, Susan Flannagan, Carlos González-Cabezas, Nikos Kotsanos, Petros Papagerakis
Aim: Antimicrobial and bioactive restorative materials are needed to develop a bacteria free environment and tight bond with the surrounding tissue, preventing the spread of secondary caries and thus extending the lifetime of dental restorations. The characteristic properties of new dental bioactive and antibacterial composites are presented in this work. The new composites have been microstructurally characterized and both long and short term properties have been studied. Methods: The Ag-doped sol-gel derived bioactive glass (Ag-BG) was incorporated into resin composite in concentrations 5, 10, and 15 wt...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Alfonso Pedone, Xiaojing Chen, Robert G Hill, Natalia Karpukhina
Oxyhalide-containing silicate glasses receive an increasing attention in recent years due to their extensive medical and dental applications. This manuscript reports the first detailed structural investigation using MD simulations in the context of chloride and mixed fluoride/chloride containing phosphosilicate bioactive glasses. It is shown that adding fluoride, chloride and mixed fluoride and chloride have not altered the Qn silicate distribution and phosphorus speciation significantly in all the glasses investigated...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Seyed Mostafa Mousavinasab, Mohammad Atai, Mehrdad Barekatain, Parisa Fattahi, Amir Fattahi, Vahid Rakhshan
Background: The aim of this study was to assess for the first time the effects of different amounts of ethanol solvent on the microtensile bond strength of composite bonded to dentin using a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-incorporated adhesive. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was performed on 120 specimens divided into six groups (in accordance with the ISO TR11405 standard requiring at least 15 specimens per group). Occlusal dentin of thirty human molar teeth was exposed by removing its enamel...
January 2018: Dental Research Journal
Behnaz Ebadian, Ramin Mosharraf, Mahsa Abbasi
Background: Residual thermal stresses in dental porcelains can cause clinical failure. Porcelain cooling protocols may affect the amount of residual stresses within porcelain and also porcelain-zirconia bond strength. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of cooling protocols on the fracture load of porcelain veneered zirconia restorations. Materials and Methods: Forty zirconia bars (31 mm × 6.5 mm × 1.35 mm ± 0.1 mm) were fabricated by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology...
January 2018: Dental Research Journal
Ting Sun, Mengmeng Guo, Yaodong Cheng, Lingling Ou, Ping He, Xiangning Liu, Shuyuan Ma, Renfa Lai
A graded glass/graded zirconia (G/Z) system was previously synthesized via the infiltration of a low modulus nanosized glass into a zirconia surface. The bond strength of G/Z to veneering porcelains was demonstrated to be 3-fold higher than in zirconia-based systems. Nevertheless, biocompatibility testing prior to the possible clinical application of G/Z systems is essential. Herein, such biocompatibility testing was performed with L-929 fibroblasts seeded onto G/Z and yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) for 2-72 h...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Sherin Jose Chockattu, Byathnal Suryakant Deepak, Anubhav Sood, Nandini T Niranjan, Arun Jayasheel, Mallikarjun K Goud
Dental erosion is frequently overlooked in clinical practice. The management of erosion-induced damage to the dentition is often delayed, such that extensive occlusal rehabilitation is required. These cases can be diagnosed by a careful clinical examination and a thorough review of the patient's medical history and/or lifestyle habits. This case report presents the diagnosis, categorization, and management of a case of gastro-esophageal reflux disease-induced palatal erosion of the maxillary teeth. The early management of such cases is of utmost importance to delay or prevent the progression of damage both to the dentition and to occlusal stability...
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Marian C Popescu, Bogdan I Bita, Vasilica Tucureanu, Dan Vasilache, Melania A Banu, Andrei M Avram, Raluca A Giurescu-Dumitrescu
The aim of this study is to conduct an extended surface and cross-section characterization of a denture base acrylic resin subjected to 500, 650, and 750 W microwave irradiation for 2, 3, and 5 min to assess its morphological modifications. A commercial heat-cured powder was polymerized according to the manufacturer's specifications and distributed into 20 circular samples. A stainless-steel wire was partially embedded in half of the discs, in order to investigate the metal-polymer interface. High-resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging, white light interferometry, roughness measurements and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry were employed for morphological and structural evaluation of the irradiated polymer...
February 2018: Microscopy and Microanalysis
Hiroki Takata, Futoshi Komine, Junichi Honda, Markus B Blatz, Hideo Matsumura
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate fracture loads of implant-supported zirconia-based prostheses fabricated with different veneer materials (resin-based material and lithium disilicate ceramics). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four zirconia-based molar prostheses were fabricated on dental implants and divided into four groups (n = 11): zirconia-based prostheses veneered with feldspathic porcelain (ZVF), zirconia-based prostheses bonded with the lithium disilicate glass-ceramic veneer (ZBD), zirconia-based prostheses veneered with indirect composite resin (ZVC), and zirconia-based prostheses bonded with composite materials fabricated from a CAD/CAM resin block (ZBC)...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Y S Liu, Z Li, Y J Zhao, H Q Ye, Y Q Zhou, W J Hu, Y S Liu, C L Xun, Y S Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To develop a digital workflow of orthodontic-prosthodontic multidisciplinary treatment plan which can be applied in complicated anterior teeth esthetic rehabilitation, in order to enhance the efficiency of communication between dentists and patients, and improve the predictability of treatment outcome. METHODS: Twenty patients with the potential needs of orthodontic-prosthodontic multidisciplinary treatment to solve their complicated esthetic problems in anterior teeth were recruited in this study...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Y T Dong, F C Tian, B Jia, B Zu, X Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate influence of setting time on bond strength of different bioactive pulp capping materials with self-etch or etch-and-rinse adhesive. METHODS: Sixty specimens were prepared for each of the three tested capping materials, namely mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), iRoot BP Plus (BP) and iRoot FS (FS). Specimens of each material were divided into three groups and bonded at three setting time points of the materials respectively: initial setting time (4 h for MTA, 2 h for BP and 20 min for FS), 24 h after application and 7 d after application...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Majid Mahmoudzadeh, Maryam Farhadian, Sara Alijani, Fatemeh Azizi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare two initial arch wires, 0.014″ A-NiTi and 0.016″ Heat Activated NiTi (HANT), for amount of tooth alignment and perception of pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 59 orthodontic patients (21 males and 38 females) from three orthodontic clinics participated in this 2-arm, parallel-group clinical trial and were randomized to 0.014″ A-NiTi (n=30) or 0.016″ HANT groups (n=29). Patient recruitment commenced in April 2016 and ended in December 2016...
February 23, 2018: International Orthodontics
Verónica Andrade, Alejandra Martínez, Ninón Rojas, Helia Bello-Toledo, Paulo Flores, Gabriela Sánchez-Sanhueza, Alfonso Catalán
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Interim restorations are occasionally left in the mouth for extended periods and are susceptible to bacterial infiltration. Thus, dental interim cements with antibacterial properties are required. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine in vitro antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and to compare the diametrical tensile strength (DTSs) of dental interim cement modified with zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) with that of cement modified with terpenes...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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