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Xueping Fan, Hongying Yang, Sudhir Kumar, Kathleen E Tumelty, Anna Pisarek-Horowitz, Hila Milo Rasouly, Richa Sharma, Stefanie Chan, Edyta Tyminski, Michael Shamashkin, Mostafa Belghasem, Joel M Henderson, Anthony J Coyle, David J Salant, Stephen P Berasi, Weining Lu
The repulsive guidance cue SLIT2 and its receptor ROBO2 are required for kidney development and podocyte foot process structure, but the SLIT2/ROBO2 signaling mechanism regulating podocyte function is not known. Here we report that a potentially novel signaling pathway consisting of SLIT/ROBO Rho GTPase activating protein 1 (SRGAP1) and nonmuscle myosin IIA (NMIIA) regulates podocyte adhesion downstream of ROBO2. We found that the myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC), a subunit of NMIIA, interacts directly with SRGAP1 and forms a complex with ROBO2/SRGAP1/NMIIA in the presence of SLIT2...
November 17, 2016: JCI Insight
Yuanjun Ma, Yali Miao, Zhuochun Peng, Johanna Sandgren, Teresita Díaz De Ståhl, Mikael Huss, Lena Lennartsson, Yanling Liu, Monica Nistér, Sten Nilsson, Chunde Li
Docetaxel has been the standard first-line therapy in metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer. The survival benefit is, however, limited by either primary or acquired resistance. In this study, Du145 prostate cancer cells were converted to docetaxel-resistant cells Du145-R and Du145-RB by in vitro culturing. Next generation RNAseq was employed to analyze these cell lines. Forty-two genes were identified to have acquired mutations after the resistance development, of which thirty-four were found to have mutations in published sequencing studies using prostate cancer samples from patients...
2016: SpringerPlus
Erica Kumar, Nimesh R Patel, Elizabeth G Demicco, Judith V M G Bovee, Andre M Olivera, Dolores H Lopez-Terrada, Steven D Billings, Alexander J Lazar, Wei-Lien Wang
Nodular fasciitis is a benign self-limited myofibroblastic neoplasm, which usually involves the upper extremities and trunk of young patients. These tumors have been shown to harbor a translocation involving the MYH9 and USP6 genes, leading to overexpression of the latter. We report seven cases of nodular fasciitis with cutaneous presentations. All cases involved the dermis, with six involving the superficial subcutis, and one auricular tumor extending into cartilage. All cases showed USP6 rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization; in two of three cases, the characteristic MYH9-USP6 fusion was shown by RT-PCR...
December 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Na Li, Taofeng Du, Yunhuan Yan, Angke Zhang, Jiming Gao, Gaopeng Hou, Shuqi Xiao, En-Min Zhou
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most important viral pathogens in the swine industry. Current antiviral strategies do not effectively prevent and control PRRSV. Recent reports show that microRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in viral infections by post transcriptionally regulating the expression of viral or host genes. Our previous research showed that non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) is an essential factor for PRRSV infection. Using bioinformatic prediction and experimental verification, we demonstrate that MYH9 expression is regulated by the miRNA let-7f-5p, which binds to the MYH9 mRNA 3'UTR and may play an important role during PRRSV infection...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vandana Kamath, Kiruthiga Kala Gnanasekaran, Joy Mammen
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA) is a rare familial bleeding disorder characterized by a triad of thrombocytopenia, giant platelets, and Döhle-like inclusion bodies within the leukocytes. The clinical spectrum as well as the pathophysiology of this entity is not well defined. The objective of this work is to present a series of three cases of MHA diagnosed in our hospital, where the patients presented with variable bleeding manifestations, thrombocytopenia, and giant platelets...
December 2016: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
Hongyan Liu, Tao Li, Hongdan Wang, Liangjie Guo, Dong Wu, Hai Xiao, Qiannan Guo, Tao Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical manifestations and mutation of MYH9 gene in a large Chinese family affected with MYH9-related thrombocytopenia. METHODS: After informed consent was obtained; clinical examination and history investigation was performed on 29 members of the family. DNA was extracted using a standard method, then exons 1 to 40 and their corresponding exon-intron junctions of the MYH9 gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to Sanger sequencing...
October 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Hsiu-Huei Peng, Nai-Chung Chang, Kuo-Ting Chen, Jang-Jih Lu, Pi-Yueh Chang, Shih-Cheng Chang, Yah-Huei Wu-Chou, Yi-Ting Chou, Wanni Phang, Po-Jen Cheng
BACKGROUND: Nonsyndromic orofacial cleft is a common birth defect with a complex etiology, including multiple genetic and environmental risk factors. Recent whole genome analyses suggested associations between nonsyndromic orofacial cleft and up to 18 genetic risk loci (ABCA4, BMP4, CRISPLD2, GSTT1, FGF8, FGFR2, FOXE1, IRF6, MAFB, MSX1, MTHFR, MYH9, PDGFC, PVRL1, SUMO1, TGFA, TGFB3, and VAX1), each of which confers a different relative risk in different populations. We evaluate the nonsynonymous variants in these 18 genetic risk loci in nonsyndromic orofacial clefts and normal controls to clarify the specific variants in Taiwanese population...
2016: BMC Medical Genetics
Alicia Aguilar, Fabien Pertuy, Anita Eckly, Catherine Strassel, Dominique Collin, Christian Gachet, François Lanza, Catherine Léon
Megakaryocyte (MK) differentiation occurs within the bone marrow (BM), a complex 3D environment of low stiffness exerting local external constraints. To evaluate the influence of the 3D mechanical constraints which MKs may encounter in vivo, we differentiated mouse BM progenitors in methylcellulose (MC) hydrogels tuned to mimic BM stiffness. We found that MKs grown in a medium of 30-60 Pa stiffness more closely resembled those in the BM in terms of DMS morphological aspect and exhibited higher ploidy levels, as compared to MKs in liquid culture...
August 8, 2016: Blood
J Pazik, Z Lewandowski, M Oldak, D Oziębło, A Perkowska Ptasinska, A Sadowska, E Nowacka-Cieciura, M Nowaczyk, J Malejczyk, A Kwiatkowski, M Durlik
Allelic variants of the MYH9 gene, encoding myosin nonmuscle heavy chain type IIA, have been shown to correlate with diminished glomerular filtration rates and end-stage kidney disease in individuals of Caucasian ancestry. Myosin nonmuscle heavy chain type IIA is expressed during development as well as in injured vessels and kidney structures. We hypothesized that MYH9 risk variants may correlate with kidney artery injury and dysfunctional healing, such as transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). Our study aimed at evaluating the association of MYH9 risk allelic variants (rs4821480, rs4821481, rs3752462, rs11089788, rs136211, rs5756168, rs2032487, and rs2239784) with TRAS, defined as >50% renal artery lumen reduction...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Jean-Léon Maître, Hervé Turlier, Rukshala Illukkumbura, Björn Eismann, Ritsuya Niwayama, François Nédélec, Takashi Hiiragi
During pre-implantation development, the mammalian embryo self-organizes into the blastocyst, which consists of an epithelial layer encapsulating the inner-cell mass (ICM) giving rise to all embryonic tissues. In mice, oriented cell division, apicobasal polarity and actomyosin contractility are thought to contribute to the formation of the ICM. However, how these processes work together remains unclear. Here we show that asymmetric segregation of the apical domain generates blastomeres with different contractilities, which triggers their sorting into inner and outer positions...
August 18, 2016: Nature
Iwei Yeh, Meng Kian Tee, Thomas Botton, A Hunter Shain, Alyssa J Sparatta, Alexander Gagnon, Swapna S Vemula, Maria C Garrido, Kenji Nakamaru, Takeshi Isoyama, Timothy H McCalmont, Philip E LeBoit, Boris C Bastian
Oncogenic fusions in TRK family receptor tyrosine kinases have been identified in several cancers and can serve as therapeutic targets. We identified ETV6-NTRK3, MYO5A-NTRK3 and MYH9-NTRK3 fusions in Spitz tumours, and demonstrated that NTRK3 fusions constitutively activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase, phosphoinositide 3-kinase and phospholipase Cγ1 pathways in melanocytes. This signalling was inhibited by DS-6051a, a small-molecule inhibitor of NTRK1/2/3 and ROS1. NTRK3 fusions expand the range of oncogenic kinase fusions in melanocytic neoplasms and offer targets for a small subset of melanomas for which no targeted options currently exist...
November 2016: Journal of Pathology
Mengxia Yu, Jinghan Wang, Zhijuan Zhu, Chao Hu, Qiuling Ma, Xia Li, Xiufeng Yin, Jiansong Huang, Ting Zhang, Zhixin Ma, Yile Zhou, Chenying Li, Feifei Chen, Jian Chen, Yungui Wang, Hanzhang Pan, Dongmei Wang, Jie Jin
MYH9 expression has previously been demonstrated as an independent predictor of clinical outcome in solid tumors. However, the prognostic relevance of MYH9 expression in acute myeloid leukemia is still unclear. Here, we found high MYH9 expressers were seen more frequently in females and more frequently in M4 morphology. We also found high MYH9 expressers had lower percentage of bone marrow blasts. In addition, overexpression of MYH9 was associated with an inferior overall survival. Notably, distinct microRNA signatures were seen in high MYH9 expressers...
July 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Yuka Yamashita, Rei Matsuura, Shinji Kunishima, Yoshie Oikawa, Hirotsugu Ariizumi, Shoko Hamada, Nahoko Shirato, Ryu Matsuoka, Kohichi Ogawa, Akihiko Sekizawa
We diagnosed a primipara woman with an MYH9 disorder during her pregnancy. A peripheral blood smear with an immunofluorescence analysis is the established method of diagnosing MYH9 disorders. We provided genetic counseling, as required, which included apprising the woman of the inheritance pattern, the importance of a genetic analysis, and the potential delivery risks for the patient and her offspring. Given that the potential delivery risks are reportedly low, special perinatal management is not necessary for patients with an MYH9 disorder whose platelet count is above 5...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sang-Joo Kim, Seokwon Lee, Hong-Joon Park, Tae-Hun Kang, Borum Sagong, Jeong-In Baek, Se-Kyung Oh, Jae Young Choi, Kyu-Yup Lee, Un-Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Myosin is a key protein involved in regulating the shape and motility of cells. The MYH9 and MYH14 genes, which encode non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC II-A) and IIC (NMMHC II-C), respectively, are expressed in the inner ear. These myosin genes are known to be associated with autosomal dominant non-syndromic hearing loss (ADNSHL); however, genetic studies in patients with ADNSHL in Korea have rarely been reported. METHODS: We analyzed the MYH9 and MYH14 genes in 75 Korean patients with ADNSHL...
October 10, 2016: Gene
Steven M Ruhoy, Amanda Yates
A 33-year-old white woman arrived at the hospital to undergo a hysterectomy due to uterine fibroids. Blood smear review identified macrothrombocytopenia and Döhle body-like cytoplasmic leukocyte inclusions. Genetic testing identified a mutation in exon 39 of the myosin heavy chain gene (MHY9; OMIM 160775), which confirmed the diagnosis of May-Hegglin anomaly. May-Hegglin anomaly is one of a spectrum of MYH9 disorders that also includes Sebastian, Epstein, and Fechtner syndromes. Herein, we describe the clinical and laboratory presentation of a patient with May-Hegglin anomaly and provide an update on the molecular findings and a discussion of the genotypic-phenotypic correlations in this potentially underdiagnosed disorder...
August 2016: Laboratory Medicine
Tongchao Li, Nikolaos Giagtzoglou, Daniel F Eberl, Sonal Nagarkar Jaiswal, Tiantian Cai, Dorothea Godt, Andrew K Groves, Hugo J Bellen
Myosins play essential roles in the development and function of auditory organs and multiple myosin genes are associated with hereditary forms of deafness. Using a forward genetic screen in Drosophila, we identified an E3 ligase, Ubr3, as an essential gene for auditory organ development. Ubr3 negatively regulates the mono-ubiquitination of non-muscle Myosin II, a protein associated with hearing loss in humans. The mono-ubiquitination of Myosin II promotes its physical interaction with Myosin VIIa, a protein responsible for Usher syndrome type IB...
2016: ELife
Hirofumi Rokutan, Fumie Hosoda, Natsuko Hama, Hiromi Nakamura, Yasushi Totoki, Eisaku Furukawa, Erika Arakawa, Shoko Ohashi, Tomoko Urushidate, Hironori Satoh, Hiroko Shimizu, Keiko Igarashi, Shinichi Yachida, Hitoshi Katai, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Masashi Fukayama, Tatsuhiro Shibata
Mucinous gastric carcinoma (MGC) is a unique subtype of gastric cancer with a poor survival outcome. Comprehensive molecular profiles and putative therapeutic targets of MGC remain undetermined. We subjected 16 tumour-normal tissue pairs to whole-exome sequencing (WES) and an expanded set of 52 tumour-normal tissue pairs to subsequent targeted sequencing. The latter focused on 114 genes identified by WES. Twenty-two histologically differentiated MGCs (D-MGCs) and 46 undifferentiated MGCs (U-MGCs) were analysed...
October 2016: Journal of Pathology
S Ali, K Ghosh, M E Daly, D J Hampshire, M Makris, M Ghosh, L Mukherjee, M Bhattacharya, S Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Inherited macrothrombocytopenia represents a heterogeneous group of disorders which are characterized by the presence of a reduced number of abnormally large platelets in the circulation, which may or may not be associated with a bleeding tendency. In spite of several causative genes having been identified, the underlying genetic defects remain to be identified in approximately half of the cases. AIMS: To understand the molecular pathology of isolated giant platelet disorder from India...
July 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Nataliia V Shults, Dividutta Das, Yuichiro J Suzuki
Major vault protein (MVP) is the major component of the vault particle whose functions are not well understood. One proposed function of the vault is to serve as a mechanism of drug transport, which confers drug resistance in cancer cells. We show that MVP can be found in cardiac and smooth muscle. In human airway smooth muscle cells, knocking down MVP was found to cause cell death, suggesting that MVP serves as a cell survival factor. Further, our laboratory found that MVP is S-glutathionylated in response to ligand/receptor-mediated cell signaling...
2016: Receptors & Clinical Investigation
Wei Zhou, Ming-Yu Fan, You-Xiu Wei, Song Huang, Jing-You Chen, Ping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression of non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) in osteosarcoma and its effect on the migration and invasion abilities of tumor cell. METHODS: A total of 65 cases of osteosarcoma and 20 cases with benign osteochondroma who underwent resection operation in the Orthopaedics Department of our hospital from January 1st 2009 to January 1st 2015 were selected. Their mRNA levels of MYH9 were tested by qrt-PCR. Immunohistochemical method was used to examine the expression of MYH9 in osteosarcoma and the correlation between the positive expression of MYH9 and the clinicopathological features of patients was illustrated by statistical analysis...
June 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
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