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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230307/who-parents-skills-training-pst-programme-for-children-with-developmental-disorders-and-delays-delivered-by-family-volunteers-in-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
S U Hamdani, P Akhtar, Zill-E-Huma, H Nazir, F A Minhas, S Sikander, D Wang, C Servilli, A Rahman
Background: Development disorders and delays are recognised as a public health priority and included in the WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP). Parents Skills Training (PST) is recommended as a key intervention for such conditions under the WHO mhGAP intervention guide. However, sustainable and scalable delivery of such evidence based interventions remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and scaled-up implementation of locally adapted WHO PST programme delivered by family volunteers in rural Pakistan...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222988/medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-in-patients-attending-a-medical-outpatient-clinic-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-india
#2
Mohit Sharma, Shubh Mohan Singh, Ajit Avasthi, Subhash C Varma, Aman Sharma, Vikas Suri
OBJECTIVE: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are commonly seen across health care settings. Earlier studies have focussed on prevalence, cost-utilization and burden. Data from India is scarce. Patients with persistent MUPS have more impairment and psychological distress. This study was designed to assess psychological morbidity, health anxiety (HA), somatic symptom load, disability, quality of life (QOL) in patients with persistent MUPS presenting to a general medical outpatient service and compare it with patients with medically explained physical symptoms (MEPS)...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222609/evaluating-cognition-in-individuals-with-huntington-disease-neuro-qol-cognitive-functioning-measures
#3
Jin-Shei Lai, Siera Goodnight, Nancy R Downing, Rebecca E Ready, Jane S Paulsen, Anna L Kratz, Julie C Stout, Michael K McCormack, David Cella, Christopher Ross, Jenna Russell, Noelle E Carlozzi
PURPOSE: Cognitive functioning impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for individuals with Huntington disease (HD). The Neuro-QoL includes two patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures of cognition-Executive Function (EF) and General Concerns (GC). These measures have not previously been validated for use in HD. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Neuro-QoL Cognitive Function measures for use in HD. METHODS: Five hundred ten individuals with prodromal or manifest HD completed the Neuro-QoL Cognition measures, two other PRO measures of HRQOL (WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#4
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#5
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187242/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-eurohyp-1-trial-european-multicentre-randomised-phase-iii-clinical-trial-of-the-therapeutic-hypothermia-plus-best-medical-treatment-versus-best-medical-treatment-alone-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#6
Per Winkel, Philip M Bath, Christian Gluud, Jane Lindschou, H Bart van der Worp, Malcolm R Macleod, Istvan Szabo, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Stefan Schwab
BACKGROUND: Cooling may reduce infarct size and improve neurological outcomes in patients with ischaemic stroke. In phase II trials, cooling awake patients with ischaemic stroke has been shown to be feasible and safe, but the effects in functional outcomes has not yet been investigated in an adequately sized randomised clinical trial. METHODS/DESIGN: The EuroHYP-1 trial is a multinational, randomised, superiority phase III clinical trial with masked outcome assessment testing the benefits and harms of therapeutic cooling in awake adult patients with acute ischaemic stroke...
November 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178377/examination-of-the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-system-as-a-measure-of-disability-severity-among-veterans-receiving-cognitive-processing-therapy
#7
Jeremiah A Schumm, Whitney L Gore, Kathleen M Chard, Eric C Meyer
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is effective for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among military veterans. However, studies have not examined whether CPT is associated with reductions in disability severity. The current study examines the association between disability severity and PTSD and depression among U.S. veterans who are receiving CPT. Veterans completed measures at pre- and posttreatment and received CPT through a Veterans Affairs PTSD outpatient (n = 155) or residential (n = 177) program...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117705/personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-short-form-pid-5-sf-reliability-factorial-structure-and-relationship-with-functional-impairment-in-dual-diagnosis-patients
#8
Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Juan Ramírez-López, Sara Domínguez-Salas, Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Óscar M Lozano
Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth edition ( DSM-5) has generated a personality paradigm consisting of 25 personality facets identified in five domains. The developed assessment instrument Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) has showed good psychometric properties, but the potential for certain improvements still remain. In this article, a sample of 282 dual diagnosis patients is used to provide evidence of the psychometric properties of the PID-5-Short Form. The mean value of Cronbach's alpha coefficients reached ...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093546/socio-demographic-and-injury-related-factors-contributing-to-activity-limitations-and-participation-restrictions-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-bangladesh
#9
Manzur Kader, Nirmala K P Perera, Mohammad Sohrab Hossain, Redwanul Islam
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To identify socio-demographic and injury-related factors that contribute to activity limitations and participation restrictions in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Bangladesh. SETTING: Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: This study involved 120 (83% men) participants with SCI; their median (interquartile range) age and injury duration were 34 (25-43) years and 5 (2-10) years, respectively...
November 2, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091824/comparing-global-assessment-of-functioning-gaf-and-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-in-schizophrenia
#10
Scott Gspandl, Ryan P Peirson, Ramzi W Nahhas, Tracey Goodman Skale, Douglas S Lehrer
WHODAS-2.0 is a suggested replacement to the GAF in DSM-5. This study's purpose was to assess their comparative correlation in adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder. 42 individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were administered both tools and the PANSS. Pearson product moment correlations were computed and the different methods compared using bootstrap. There was no significant correlation between raw WHODAS-2.0 and GAF scores for all participants and a modest correlation between corrected WHODAS-2...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091155/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-obesity-related-problems-scale
#11
Andreia Mara Brolezzi Brasil, Fábio Brasil, Angélica Aparecida Maurício, Regina Maria Vilela
OBJECTIVE: To validate a reliable version of the Obesity-related Problems Scale in Portuguese to use it in Brazil. METHODS: The Obesity-related Problems Scale was translated and transculturally adapted. Later it was simultaneously self-applied with a 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0), to 50 obese patients and 50 non-obese individuals, and applied again to half of them after 14 days. RESULTS: The Obesity-related Problems scale was able to differentiate obese from non-obese individuals with higher accuracy than WHODAS 2...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065719/inter-rater-reliability-standard-error-of-measurement-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-the-12-item-whodas-2-0-and-four-performance-tests-in-institutionalized-ambulatory-older-adults
#12
Anabela G Silva, Margarida Cerqueira, Ana Raquel Santos, Catarina Ferreira, Joaquim Alvarelhão, Alexandra Queirós
PURPOSE: Self-reported and performance-based instruments are both necessary for a comprehensive view of the functioning of institutionalized older adults. Our aim was to assess the reliability and measurement error of the 12-item World Health Organization Disability assessment Schedule and compare these indexes against performance-based tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred participants from Nursing Homes and Day Care Centers were assessed twice (two days to one week apart) by two independent assessors...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061428/psychometric-properties-of-the-audit-among-men-in-goa-india
#13
Paige Endsley, Benedict Weobong, Abhijit Nadkarni
AIMS: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is a 10-item screening questionnaire used to detect alcohol use disorders. The AUDIT has been validated in only two studies in India and although it has been previously used in Goa, India, it has yet to be validated in that setting. In this paper, we aim to report data on the validity of the AUDIT for the screening of AUDs among men in Goa, India. METHODS: Concurrent and convergent validity of the AUDIT were assessed against the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Scale (WHODAS) for alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, and functional status respectively through the secondary analysis of data from a community cohort of men from Goa, India...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049125/correlation-between-the-pain-numeric-rating-scale-and-the-12-item-who-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain
#14
Mikhail Saltychev, Esa Bärlund, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between pain severity measured on a numeric rating scale and restrictions of functioning measured with the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 1207 patients with musculoskeletal pain conditions. Correlation was assessed using Spearman's and Pearson tests. RESULTS: Although all the Spearman's rank correlations between WHODAS 2...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033374/influence-of-visual-impairment-and-hearing-impairment-on-functional-dependence-status-among-people-in-taiwan-an-evaluation-using-the-whodas-2-0-score
#15
Ko-Fang Chang, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Wen-Chou Chi, Shih-Wei Huang, Chia-Feng Yen, Hua-Fang Liao, Tsan-Hon Liou, Pin-Zhir Chao, I-Chan Lin
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment (VI) and hearing impairment (HI) are the two most common types of sensory disability encountered clinically. However, VI and HI result in different limitations in daily life. We assessed the level of functioning in patients with VI or HI based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. METHODS: This nationwide, cross-sectional study included 312 people with VI and 540 people with HI. Each participant's degree of functioning and disability was evaluated using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971052/is-whodas-2-0-useful-for-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#16
Hyun Haeng Lee, Eun-Kyoung Shin, Hyung-Ik Shin, Eun Joo Yang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the disability level of colorectal cancer survivors with and without stoma by using the Korean version of the 12-item, interview-administered World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (Korean version of WHODAS 2.0). METHODS: This is a multicenter (five tertiary university hospitals and the Korea Ostomy Association) and cross-sectional survey. Colorectal cancer survivors with and without stoma were interviewed. Survey measured disability level using the Korean version of WHODAS 2...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968239/reliability-and-validity-of-the-hd-pro-triadtm-a-health-related-quality-of-life-measure-designed-to-assess-the-symptom-triad-of-huntington-s-disease
#17
Nicholas R Boileau, Julie C Stout, Janes S Paulsen, David Cella, Michael K McCormack, Martha A Nance, Samuel Frank, Jin-Shei Lai, Noelle E Carlozzi
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD), is a neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with cognitive, behavioral, and motor impairments that diminish health related quality of life (HRQOL). The HD-PRO-TRIADTM is a quality of life measure that assesses health concerns specific to individuals with HD. Preliminary psychometric characterization was limited to a convenience sample of HD participants who completed measures at home so clinician-ratings were unavailable. OBJECTIVES: The current study evaluates the reliability and validity of the HD-PRO-TRIADTM in a well-characterized sample of individuals with HD...
2017: Journal of Huntington's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895491/preliminary-validation-of-the-whodas-2-0-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Deborah Snell, Grant L Iverson, William Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
The purpose of this study is to examine the reliability, factor structure, and validity of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0 12-item version) in a sample of patients who were slow to recover from a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Participants were 79 adults with MTBI recruited from one of four specialty outpatient clinics in Vancouver, Canada. The WHODAS 2.0 12-item version is a disease-non-specific measure of disability representing six International Classification of Disability, Functioning, and Health activity and participation domains including cognition, mobility, self-care, interpersonal functioning, life activities, and participation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780706/validity-reliability-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-the-myasthenia-gravis-activities-of-daily-living-profile-in-a-sample-of-italian-myasthenic-patients
#20
Alberto Raggi, Carlo Antozzi, Fulvio Baggi, Matilde Leonardi, Lorenzo Maggi, Renato Mantegazza
The purpose of this study is to report on the validity, reliability, and sensitivity of the myasthenia gravis activities of daily living profile (MG-ADL) in a sample of Italian patients. Patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) completed a protocol that included the MG-ADL, the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0), the Besta Neurological Institute rating scale for myasthenia gravis, and the MG-composite. Cronbach's alpha was used to test reliability, Spearman's correlation and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) to test short-term test-retest, Kruskal-Wallis test to assess differences in MG-ADL between patients with different disease severity, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test to assess sensitivity to change...
November 2017: Neurological Sciences
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