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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217272/disability-among-attendees-with-schizophrenia-in-a-nigerian-hospital-further-evidence-for-integrated-rehabilitative-treatment-designs
#1
Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Dapo Adebowale Adegbaju, Richard Uwakwe
Evidence-based rehabilitative treatment is constrained due to limited knowledge about disability and its related factors among individuals with schizophrenia across West Africa. This study aims to investigate the pattern of disability, and the associated factors among individuals with schizophrenia. One hundred consecutively recruited consenting participants were subjected to designed questionnaire to inquire about their demographic and illness-related variables. This was followed by the administration of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale to confirm the diagnosis of schizophrenia and rate severity of symptoms respectively in them...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162489/-113-whodas-2-0-initial-development-of-normative-data-for-a-chronic-pain-population
#2
J Senske, M Harris, C White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162422/-194-the-use-of-the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-in-a-chronic-pain-population-the-importance-of-functional-assessment-in-the-context-of-opioid-risk-evaluations
#3
V Weed, M Finkelman, K Wawrzyniak, R Kulich, E Myrta, D DiBenedetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152771/does-physical-function-impact-the-acceptability-of-routine-patient-reported-outcome-surveys-in-cancer-patients
#4
Catherine Brown, Andrea Perez-Cosio, Yvonne Leung, Mindy Liang, Gursharan Gill, Samantha Sarabia, Sabrina Yeung, Aixin Liu, Doris Howell, Geoffrey Liu
: 67 Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to collect cancer-related symptom and symptomatic toxicity data. Understanding factors that affect the acceptability of PROMs is useful for improving the participation of such routine screening practices. We investigated the association between patient's functional status on their acceptance and perception of usefulness of tablet technology to routine collection of PROM data in the clinical setting. METHODS: 279 adult cancer outpatients at Toronto's Princess Margaret Cancer Centre completed two physical function surveys, the HAQ-DI and WHODAS, using touchscreen tablet technology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129756/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-an-adapted-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-aids-impact-on-alcohol-use-general-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-adherence-to-haart
#5
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Michelle Dube, Dixon Chibanda, Moleen Zunza, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, David Stewart, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In this study the authors aim to administer an adapted intervention for AUDs to reduce alcohol use in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial at 16 HIV care clinics...
January 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068955/validation-of-the-10-item-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-10-in-zulu-xhosa-and-afrikaans-populations-in-south-africa
#6
Emily Claire Baron, Thandi Davies, Crick Lund
BACKGROUND: The 10-item Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) is a depression screening tool that has been used in the South African National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS), a national household panel study. This screening tool has not yet been validated in South Africa. This study aimed to establish the reliability and validity of the CES-D-10 in Zulu, Xhosa and Afrikaans. The CES-D-10's psychometric properties were also compared to the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a depression screening tool already validated in South Africa...
January 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889110/psychological-distress-and-physical-disability-in-patients-sustaining-severe-injuries-in-road-traffic-crashes-results-from-a-one-year-cohort-study-from-three-european-countries
#7
Maria Papadakaki, Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro, Chiara Orsi, Dietmar Otte, Georgia Tzamalouka, Marco von-der-Geest, Timo Lajunen, Türker Özkan, Anna Morandi, Markos Sarris, George Pierrakos, Joannes Chliaoutakis
The current study aimed to follow-up a group of road crash survivors for one year and assesses the impact of injury on their psychological and physical condition. All crash survivors that were admitted to the intensive or sub-intensive care units of selected hospitals in Greece, Germany and Italy over one year period (2013-2014), were invited to participate in the study and were interviewed at three different time-points as follows: (a) at one month (baseline data), (b) at six months, and (c) at twelve months...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820966/world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-an-international-systematic-review
#8
Stefano Federici, Marco Bracalenti, Fabio Meloni, Juan V Luciano
PURPOSE: This systematic review examines research and practical applications of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) as a basis for establishing specific criteria for evaluating relevant international scientific literature. The aims were to establish the extent of international dissemination and use of WHODAS 2.0 and analyze psychometric research on its various translations and adaptations. In particular, we wanted to highlight which psychometric features have been investigated, focusing on the factor structure, reliability, and validity of this instrument...
November 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820729/dance-improves-functionality-and-psychosocial-adjustment-in-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Lavinia Teixeira-Machado, Isabela Azevedo-Santos, Josimari Melo DeSantana
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to investigate the effect of dance in the functionality and psychosocial adjustment of young subjects with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-six young subjects with CP, GMFCS (Gross Motor Function Classification System) levels from II to V, were randomized into two intervention groups: kinesiotherapy and dance (n = 13 each). Twenty-four sessions (1 hour, twice a week) were performed in both groups...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818843/is-there-an-association-of-physical-activity-with-brain-volume-behavior-and-day-to-day-functioning-a-cross-sectional-design-in-prodromal-and-early-huntington-disease
#10
McKenzie Wallace, Nancy Downing, Spencer Lourens, James Mills, Ji-In Kim, Jeffrey Long, Jane Paulsen, Predict-Hd Investigators And Coordinators Of The Huntington Study Group
BACKGROUND: Huntington disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease leading to progressive motor, cognitive, and behavioral decline. Subtle changes in these domains are detectable up to 15 years before a definitive motor diagnosis is made. This period, called prodromal HD, provides an opportunity to examine lifestyle behaviors that may impact disease progression. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: Physical activity relates to decreased rates of brain atrophy and improved cognitive and day-to-day functioning in Alzheimer disease and healthy aging populations...
March 17, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802230/validation-of-a%C3%A2-latent-construct-for%C3%A2-dementia-in-a%C3%A2-population-wide-dataset%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-singapore
#11
Chao Xu Peh, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Swapna Verma, Boon Yiang Chua, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Esmond Seow, YunJue Zhang, Shazana Shahwan, Li Ling Ng, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The latent variable δ has been proposed as a proxy for dementia. Previous validation studies have been conducted using convenience samples. It is currently unknown how δ performs in population-wide data. OBJECTIVE: To validate δ in Singapore using population-wide epidemiological study data on persons aged 60 and above. METHODS: δ was constructed using items from the Community Screening Instrument for Dementia (CSI'D) and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS II)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765441/health-conditions-and-role-limitation-in-three-european-regions-a-public-health-perspective
#12
Gabriela Barbaglia, Núria D Adroher, Gemma Vilagut, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brentan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Ron de Graaf, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Vivianne Kovess-Masfety, Herbert Matschinger, Jordi Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of role limitation in the European population aged 18-64 years and to examine the contribution of health conditions to role limitation using a public-health approach. METHODS: Representative samples of the adult general population (n=13,666) aged 18-64 years from 10 European countries of the World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys Initiative, grouped into three regions: Central-Western, Southern and Central-Eastern. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
January 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743548/paradise-24-instrument-an-observational-study-on-psychosocial-difficulties-quality-of-life-and-disability-levels-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#13
Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Venusia Covelli, Flavio Villani, Giuseppe Didato, Francesco Deleo, Silvana Franceschetti, Simona Binelli, Laura Canafoglia, Marina Casazza, Matilde Leonardi
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to test the effectiveness of the PARADISE 24 instrument in describing the psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) reported by people with epilepsy, their relation with disability, and quality-of-life (QoL) levels and, overall, to explore a horizontal epidemiology methodology applied to a sample of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A convenience sample of 80 adult patients with epilepsy was included in this cross-sectional study...
October 12, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730350/evaluation-of-patient-satisfaction-impact-and-disability-free-survival-after-a-surgical-mission-in-madagascar-a-pilot-survey
#14
Michelle White, Dennis Alcorn, Kirsten Randall, Stephanie Duncan, Heather Klassen, Mark Shrime
BACKGROUND: Billions of people worldwide lack access to safe affordable surgery. Surgical missions and non-governmental organisations (NGO) are vital in meeting this need, but long-term outcomes are rarely reported. Mercy Ships is a surgical NGO, and we aimed to measure disability-free survival, impact and patient satisfaction in Madagascar after a 7-month mission. METHOD: We aimed to evaluate 346 patients. Primary outcome measure was the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
October 11, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680539/inflammatory-biomarkers-disease-activity-index-and-self-reported-disability-may-be-predictors-of-chronic-arthritis-after-chikungunya-infection-brief-report
#15
J Sepúlveda-Delgado, O L Vera-Lastra, K Trujillo-Murillo, L M Canseco-Ávila, R A Sánchez-González, O Gómez-Cruz, A Lugo-Trampe, I Fernández-Salas, R Danis-Lozano, A Contreras-Contreras, A Mendoza-Torres, S Domínguez-Arrevillaga, B A Mena-Vela, M Ocaña-Sibilla, J C Ramirez-Valdespino, L J Jara
The chikungunya virus (ChikV) is a reemerging mosquito-borne pathogen that causes disabling chronic arthritis. The relationship between clinical evolution and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with ChikV-induced arthritis has not been fully described. We performed a prospective case series to evaluate the association among joint involvement, self-reported disability, and inflammatory biomarkers. Patients with ChikV infection were followed for 1 year. Joint involvement and self-reported disability were evaluated with disease activity index 28 (DAS-28) and World Health Organization Disablement Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS-II)...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672876/poster-109-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-12-item-who-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-conditions
#16
Mikhail Saltychev, Ryan Mattie, Zachary L McCormick, Katri Laimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634553/psychometric-properties-and-a-latent-class-analysis-of-the-12-item-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-whodas-2-0-in-a-pooled-dataset-of-community-samples
#17
Melissa A MacLeod, Paul F Tremblay, Kathryn Graham, Sharon Bernards, Jürgen Rehm, Samantha Wells
The 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a brief measurement tool used cross-culturally to capture the multi-dimensional nature of disablement through six domains, including: understanding and interacting with the world; moving and getting around; self-care; getting on with people; life activities; and participation in society. Previous psychometric research supports that the WHODAS 2.0 functions as a general factor of disablement. In a pooled dataset from community samples of adults (N = 447) we used confirmatory factor analysis to confirm a one-factor structure...
December 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631722/psychosocial-difficulties-of-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-the-paradise-24-questionnaire
#18
Ambra M Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Paolo Confalonieri, Renato Mantegazza, Valentina Torri Clerici, Carlo Antozzi, Greta Brenna, Matilde Leonardi
The aim of this study is to identify the most relevant psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) experienced by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS); to evaluate the relation between an overall level of PSDs measured with the PARADISE-24 and other variables; to assess which factors may predict PARADISE-24 overall score. Adults PwMS were consecutively enrolled and completed a battery of eight self-reported instruments (i.e. SCQ, EUROHIS-QOL 8, BRS, BFI-10, JSPE, OSS-3, WHODAS-12, PARADISE-24). A clinical evaluation was performed for each patient and the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score was determined by neurologists...
December 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631147/disability-and-functioning-of-patients-who-use-psychiatric-hospital-emergency-services
#19
Kevin D Shield, Paul Kurdyak, Paul A Shuper, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVE: First, to compare the level of disability and functioning of patients who access psychiatric emergency services by diagnosis and service use frequency. Second, to compare patients who access psychiatric emergency services to the general population in terms of demographics and the level of disability and functioning. METHODS: Data from 420 patients were obtained by time-based sampling from August 2011 to February 2012 in the emergency department of a psychiatric hospital that provides services to adolescents and adults...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612941/measuring-community-integration-in-persons-with-limb-trauma-and-amputation-a-systematic-review
#20
Linda Resnik, Matthew Borgia, Benjamin Silver
OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to conduct a systematic review of community integration measures used with populations with limb trauma and/or amputation and evaluate each measure's focus, content, and psychometric properties. DATA SOURCES: Searches of PubMed and CINAHL for terms social participation, community integration, social function, outcome assessment, wounds and injuries, and amputation/rehabilitation. STUDY SELECTION: Included English language articles with a sample size of at least 20 adults with limb trauma or amputation Measures were deemed eligible if they contained a majority of items related to construct of participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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