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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580940/relationships-among-perceived-functional-capacity-self-efficacy-and-disability-after-dysvascular-amputation
#1
Matthew J Miller, Dawn M Magnusson, Guy Lev, Thomas T Fields, Paul F Cook, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, Cory L Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Prosthesis rehabilitation after dysvascular transtibial amputation (TTA) is focused on optimizing functional capacity with limited emphasis on promoting health self-efficacy. Self-efficacy interventions decrease disability for people living with chronic disease, but the influence of self-efficacy on disability is unknown for people with dysvascular TTA. OBJECTIVES: To identify if self-efficacy mediates the relationship between self-reported functional capacity and disability after dysvascular TTA...
March 23, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575863/assessment-of-health-functioning-and-disability-of-a-population-aged-60-70-in-south-eastern-poland-using-the-who-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0
#2
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing number of older people in Poland. This phenomenon results in the need to assess their problems related with functioning in everyday life. This is the first study conducted in Polish society which evaluates the prevalence of disability and limitations in functioning by means of WHODAS 2.0 questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the health, functioning and disability of people aged 60-70 years living in south-eastern Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The researched material was a randomly- selected sample of 1,000 inhabitants of south-eastern Poland...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554260/independent-validation-of-a-self-report-version-of-the-ibd-disability-index-ibddi-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-ibd-patients
#3
L A Shafer, J R Walker, T Chhibba, M Ivekovic, H Singh, L E Targownik, L Peyrin-Biroulet, C Gower-Rousseau, H Sarter, C N Bernstein
Introduction: A new clinician-administered inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Disability Index (IBDDI) was recently developed and validated among a population in France. We aimed to validate the IBDDI in a North American setting and adapt for use as a self-report tool. Methods: Persons 18-65 years old from the population-based University of Manitoba IBD Research Registry were mailed a self-administered survey. This survey included the IBDDI and several scales that should correlate with a disability measure- the World Health Organization (WHO) Disability Assessment Scale (WHODAS) 2...
March 15, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553848/the-screen-for-cognitive-impairment-in-psychiatry-scip-is-associated-with-disease-severity-and-cognitive-complaints-in-major-depression
#4
Smadar Valérie Tourjman, Robert-Paul Juster, Scot Purdon, Emmanuel Stip, Edouard Kouassi, Stéphane Potvin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP) score and illness severity, subjective cognition and functioning in a cohort of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 40) diagnosed with MDD (DSM-IV-TR) completed the SCIP, a brief neuropsychological test, and a battery of self-administered questionnaires evaluating functioning (GAF, SDS, WHODAS 2.0, EDEC, PDQ-D5). Disease severity was evaluated with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI)...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512628/analysis-of-chronic-illnesses-and-disability-in-a-community-based-sample-of-elderly-people-in-south-eastern-poland
#5
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Bernard Sozański, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej
BACKGROUND The proportion of elderly people living in Poland has risen in recent years. With rising life expectancy, there is likely to be a concurrent increase in the incidence of chronic diseases and disabilities. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the prevalence of chronic diseases and disability of the elderly in order to help guide strategies of prevention and public health control. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a cross-sectional study of 1,000 randomly-selected residents living in the Podkarpackie region of Poland...
March 7, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510751/impact-of-district-mental-health-care-plans-on-symptom-severity-and-functioning-of-patients-with-priority-mental-health-conditions-the-programme-for-improving-mental-health-care-prime-cohort-protocol
#6
Emily C Baron, Sujit D Rathod, Charlotte Hanlon, Martin Prince, Abebaw Fedaku, Fred Kigozi, Mark Jordans, Nagendra P Luitel, Girmay Medhin, Vaibhav Murhar, Juliet Nakku, Vikram Patel, Inge Petersen, One Selohilwe, Rahul Shidhaye, Joshua Ssebunnya, Mark Tomlinson, Crick Lund, Mary De Silva
BACKGROUND: The Programme for Improving Mental Health Care (PRIME) sought to implement mental health care plans (MHCP) for four priority mental disorders (depression, alcohol use disorder, psychosis and epilepsy) into routine primary care in five low- and middle-income country districts. The impact of the MHCPs on disability was evaluated through establishment of priority disorder treatment cohorts. This paper describes the methodology of these PRIME cohorts. METHODS: One cohort for each disorder was recruited across some or all five districts: Sodo (Ethiopia), Sehore (India), Chitwan (Nepal), Dr...
March 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502163/patients-reported-outcome-measures-and-clinical-scales-in-brain-tumor-surgery-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Alberto Cusin, Sergio Visintini, Francesco Acerbi, Marco Schiariti, Costanza Zattra, Morgan Broggi, Paolo Ferroli
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess surgical outcome in brain tumor surgery using patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) and to compare their results with traditional clinical outcome measurements. METHOD: Neuro-oncological patients undergoing surgical removal for the lesion were enrolled; MOCA test, PROMs (EUROHIS-QoL, PGWB-S, WHODAS-12), and the clinical scale Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) were administered to evaluate respectively cognitive status, quality of life, well-being, disability, and functional status before surgery and at 3-month follow-up...
March 3, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472164/associations-of-independent-living-and-labor-force-participation-with-impairment-indicators-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-at-20-year-follow-up
#8
M Strassnig, R Kotov, L Fochtmann, M Kalin, E J Bromet, P D Harvey
BACKGROUND: Since the Iowa 500 study, residential and occupational status have been frequently used as indicators of everyday achievements in research on schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The relationships of residential and occupational status with impairment in multiple domains including physical health indicators across these two diagnoses, however, have rarely been studied. We examined these relationships at the 20-year follow-up assessment of a first-admission sample. METHODS: We included 146 participants with schizophrenia and 87 with bipolar disorder with psychosis who participated in the 20-year follow-up of the Suffolk County Mental Health Project...
February 19, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458373/using-promis-for-measuring-recovery-after-abdominal-surgery-a-pilot-study
#9
Eva van der Meij, Johannes R Anema, Judith A F Huirne, Caroline B Terwee
BACKGROUND: To assess the construct validity and responsiveness of the PROMIS Physical Function v1.2 short form 8b (PROMIS-PF), and the PROMIS Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities v2.0 short form 8a (PROMIS-APS) in postoperative recovery. METHODS: An observational pilot study was conducted in which 30 patients participated, undergoing various forms of abdominal surgery. Patients completed the PROMIS-PF and PROMIS-APS, the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
February 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366849/disability-and-common-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative-portugal
#10
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Daniel Neto, Manuela Silva, Graça Cardoso, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are highly prevalent and disabling, leading to substantial individual and societal costs. This study aims to characterize the association between disability and common mental disorders in Portugal, using epidemiological data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative. METHODS: Twelve-month common mental disorders were assessed with the CIDI 3.0. Disability was evaluated with the modified WMHS WHODAS-II. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between disability and each disorder or diagnostic category (mood or anxiety disorders)...
January 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337023/the-effects-of-functional-training-bicycle-exercise-and-exergaming-on-walking-capacity-of-elderly-patients-with-parkinson-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-single-blinded-trial
#11
Daniel Dominguez Ferraz, Karen Valadares Trippo, Gabriel Pereira Duarte, Mansueto Gomes Neto, Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Jamary Oliveira Filho
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of functional training, bicycle exercise, and exergaming on walking capacity of elderly with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: A pilot randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial. SETTING: A state reference health care center for elderly, a public reference outpatient clinic for the elderly. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly individuals (≥60 years of age; N=62) with idiopathic PD (stage 2 to 3 of modified Hoehn and Yahr staging scale) according to the London Brain Bank...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304117/associations-between-self-reported-lifetime-history-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-and-current-disability-assessment-in-a-population-sample-of-canadian-adults
#12
Gabriela Ilie, Edward M Adlaf, Robert E Mann, Anca Ialomiteanu, Hayley Hamilton, Jürgen Rehm, Mark Asbridge, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the association between history of lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) and current disabling functional restrictions among Ontario adults. SETTING AND DESIGN: A two-stage rolling cross-sectional sample of 6,048 adults aged 18 to 93 were interviewed by computer assisted telephone interviewing between 2011-2013 regarding their mental health and substance use in Ontario, Canada. TBI criteria were defined by loss of consciousness for minimum five minutes or at least one overnight hospitalization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285612/outcomes-of-operative-and-nonoperative-treatment-of-3-and-4-part-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-elderly-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Marieke E Brouwer, Inge H F Reininga, Mostafa El Moumni, Klaus W Wendt
PURPOSE: Despite a rising incidence in proximal humeral fractures, there is still no evidence for the best treatment option, especially for elderly patients. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional outcome, pain and social participation in elderly patients, after operative and nonoperative treatment of displaced 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. METHODS: 150 patients aged ≥ 65, treated for a displaced 3- or 4-part proximal humeral fracture between 2004 and 2014, were invited to participate...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280386/the-association-between-biopsychosocial-factors-and-disability-in-a-national-health-survey-in-south-africa
#14
P Naidoo, R Sewpaul, A Nyembezi, P Reddy, K Louw, R Desai, D J Stein
The association between psychosocial factors and disability is less clear. This study investigated the biological and psychosocial (employment and psychological distress) factors associated with level of disability in an adult sample in South Africa. Data were analysed from a cross-sectional survey among adults aged 18-64 (n = 4974). Multiple linear regression was used to investigate the associations of the selected variables with disability. The mean percentage score on the WHODAS scale of disability was 5...
December 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230307/who-parents-skills-training-pst-programme-for-children-with-developmental-disorders-and-delays-delivered-by-family-volunteers-in-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
S U Hamdani, P Akhtar, Zill-E-Huma, H Nazir, F A Minhas, S Sikander, D Wang, C Servilli, A Rahman
Background: Development disorders and delays are recognised as a public health priority and included in the WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP). Parents Skills Training (PST) is recommended as a key intervention for such conditions under the WHO mhGAP intervention guide. However, sustainable and scalable delivery of such evidence based interventions remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and scaled-up implementation of locally adapted WHO PST programme delivered by family volunteers in rural Pakistan...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222988/medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-in-patients-attending-a-medical-outpatient-clinic-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-india
#16
Mohit Sharma, Shubh Mohan Singh, Ajit Avasthi, Subhash C Varma, Aman Sharma, Vikas Suri
OBJECTIVE: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are commonly seen across health care settings. Earlier studies have focussed on prevalence, cost-utilization and burden. Data from India is scarce. Patients with persistent MUPS have more impairment and psychological distress. This study was designed to assess psychological morbidity, health anxiety (HA), somatic symptom load, disability, quality of life (QOL) in patients with persistent MUPS presenting to a general medical outpatient service and compare it with patients with medically explained physical symptoms (MEPS)...
February 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222609/evaluating-cognition-in-individuals-with-huntington-disease-neuro-qol-cognitive-functioning-measures
#17
Jin-Shei Lai, Siera Goodnight, Nancy R Downing, Rebecca E Ready, Jane S Paulsen, Anna L Kratz, Julie C Stout, Michael K McCormack, David Cella, Christopher Ross, Jenna Russell, Noelle E Carlozzi
PURPOSE: Cognitive functioning impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for individuals with Huntington disease (HD). The Neuro-QoL includes two patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures of cognition-Executive Function (EF) and General Concerns (GC). These measures have not previously been validated for use in HD. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Neuro-QoL Cognitive Function measures for use in HD. METHODS: Five hundred ten individuals with prodromal or manifest HD completed the Neuro-QoL Cognition measures, two other PRO measures of HRQOL (WHODAS 2...
March 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#18
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#19
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187242/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-eurohyp-1-trial-european-multicentre-randomised-phase-iii-clinical-trial-of-the-therapeutic-hypothermia-plus-best-medical-treatment-versus-best-medical-treatment-alone-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#20
Per Winkel, Philip M Bath, Christian Gluud, Jane Lindschou, H Bart van der Worp, Malcolm R Macleod, Istvan Szabo, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Stefan Schwab
BACKGROUND: Cooling may reduce infarct size and improve neurological outcomes in patients with ischaemic stroke. In phase II trials, cooling awake patients with ischaemic stroke has been shown to be feasible and safe, but the effects in functional outcomes has not yet been investigated in an adequately sized randomised clinical trial. METHODS/DESIGN: The EuroHYP-1 trial is a multinational, randomised, superiority phase III clinical trial with masked outcome assessment testing the benefits and harms of therapeutic cooling in awake adult patients with acute ischaemic stroke...
November 29, 2017: Trials
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