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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889110/psychological-distress-and-physical-disability-in-patients-sustaining-severe-injuries-in-road-traffic-crashes-results-from-a-one-year-cohort-study-from-three-european-countries
#1
Maria Papadakaki, Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro, Chiara Orsi, Dietmar Otte, Georgia Tzamalouka, Marco von-der-Geest, Timo Lajunen, Türker Özkan, Anna Morandi, Markos Sarris, George Pierrakos, Joannes Chliaoutakis
The current study aimed to follow-up a group of road crash survivors for one year and assesses the impact of injury on their psychological and physical condition. All crash survivors that were admitted to the intensive or sub-intensive care units of selected hospitals in Greece, Germany and Italy over one year period (2013-2014), were invited to participate in the study and were interviewed at three different time-points as follows: (a) at one month (baseline data), (b) at six months, and (c) at twelve months...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820966/world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-an-international-systematic-review
#2
Stefano Federici, Marco Bracalenti, Fabio Meloni, Juan V Luciano
PURPOSE: This systematic review examines research and practical applications of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) as a basis for establishing specific criteria for evaluating relevant international scientific literature. The aims were to establish the extent of international dissemination and use of WHODAS 2.0 and analyze psychometric research on its various translations and adaptations. In particular, we wanted to highlight which psychometric features have been investigated, focusing on the factor structure, reliability, and validity of this instrument...
November 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820729/dance-improves-functionality-and-psychosocial-adjustment-in-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Lavinia Teixeira-Machado, Isabela Azevedo-Santos, Josimari Melo DeSantana
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to investigate the effect of dance in the functionality and psychosocial adjustment of young subjects with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-six young subjects with CP, GMFCS (Gross Motor Function Classification System) levels from II to V, were randomized into two intervention groups: kinesiotherapy and dance (n = 13 each). Twenty-four sessions (1 hour, twice a week) were performed in both groups...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818843/is-there-an-association-of-physical-activity-with-brain-volume-behavior-and-day-to-day-functioning-a-cross-sectional-design-in-prodromal-and-early-huntington-disease
#4
McKenzie Wallace, Nancy Downing, Spencer Lourens, James Mills, Ji-In Kim, Jeffrey Long, Jane Paulsen, Predict-Hd Investigators And Coordinators Of The Huntington Study Group
BACKGROUND: Huntington disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease leading to progressive motor, cognitive, and behavioral decline. Subtle changes in these domains are detectable up to 15 years before a definitive motor diagnosis is made. This period, called prodromal HD, provides an opportunity to examine lifestyle behaviors that may impact disease progression. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: Physical activity relates to decreased rates of brain atrophy and improved cognitive and day-to-day functioning in Alzheimer disease and healthy aging populations...
March 17, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802230/validation-of-a%C3%A2-latent-construct-for%C3%A2-dementia-in-a%C3%A2-population-wide-dataset%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-singapore
#5
Chao Xu Peh, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Swapna Verma, Boon Yiang Chua, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Esmond Seow, YunJue Zhang, Shahwan Shazana, Li Ling Ng, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The latent variable δ has been proposed as a proxy for dementia. Previous validation studies have been conducted using convenience samples. It is currently unknown how δ performs in population-wide data. OBJECTIVE: To validate δ in Singapore using population-wide epidemiological study data on persons aged 60 and above. METHODS: δ was constructed using items from the Community Screening Instrument for Dementia (CSI'D) and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS II)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765441/health-conditions-and-role-limitation-in-three-european-regions-a-public-health-perspective
#6
Gabriela Barbaglia, Núria D Adroher, Gemma Vilagut, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brentan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Ron de Graaf, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Vivianne Kovess-Masfety, Herbert Matschinger, Jordi Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of role limitation in the European population aged 18-64 years and to examine the contribution of health conditions to role limitation using a public-health approach. METHODS: Representative samples of the adult general population (n=13,666) aged 18-64 years from 10 European countries of the World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys Initiative, grouped into three regions: Central-Western, Southern and Central-Eastern. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
October 17, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743548/paradise-24-instrument-an-observational-study-on-psychosocial-difficulties-quality-of-life-and-disability-levels-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#7
Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Venusia Covelli, Flavio Villani, Giuseppe Didato, Francesco Deleo, Silvana Franceschetti, Simona Binelli, Laura Canafoglia, Marina Casazza, Matilde Leonardi
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to test the effectiveness of the PARADISE 24 instrument in describing the psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) reported by people with epilepsy, their relation with disability, and quality-of-life (QoL) levels and, overall, to explore a horizontal epidemiology methodology applied to a sample of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A convenience sample of 80 adult patients with epilepsy was included in this cross-sectional study...
October 12, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730350/evaluation-of-patient-satisfaction-impact-and-disability-free-survival-after-a-surgical-mission-in-madagascar-a-pilot-survey
#8
Michelle White, Dennis Alcorn, Kirsten Randall, Stephanie Duncan, Heather Klassen, Mark Shrime
BACKGROUND: Billions of people worldwide lack access to safe affordable surgery. Surgical missions and non-governmental organisations (NGO) are vital in meeting this need, but long-term outcomes are rarely reported. Mercy Ships is a surgical NGO, and we aimed to measure disability-free survival, impact and patient satisfaction in Madagascar after a 7-month mission. METHOD: We aimed to evaluate 346 patients. Primary outcome measure was the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
October 11, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680539/inflammatory-biomarkers-disease-activity-index-and-self-reported-disability-may-be-predictors-of-chronic-arthritis-after-chikungunya-infection-brief-report
#9
J Sepúlveda-Delgado, O L Vera-Lastra, K Trujillo-Murillo, L M Canseco-Ávila, R A Sánchez-González, O Gómez-Cruz, A Lugo-Trampe, I Fernández-Salas, R Danis-Lozano, A Contreras-Contreras, A Mendoza-Torres, S Domínguez-Arrevillaga, B A Mena-Vela, M Ocaña-Sibilla, J C Ramirez-Valdespino, L J Jara
The chikungunya virus (ChikV) is a reemerging mosquito-borne pathogen that causes disabling chronic arthritis. The relationship between clinical evolution and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with ChikV-induced arthritis has not been fully described. We performed a prospective case series to evaluate the association among joint involvement, self-reported disability, and inflammatory biomarkers. Patients with ChikV infection were followed for 1 year. Joint involvement and self-reported disability were evaluated with disease activity index 28 (DAS-28) and World Health Organization Disablement Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS-II)...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672876/poster-109-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-12-item-who-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-conditions
#10
Mikhail Saltychev, Ryan Mattie, Zachary L McCormick, Katri Laimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634553/psychometric-properties-and-a-latent-class-analysis-of-the-12-item-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-whodas-2-0-in-a-pooled-dataset-of-community-samples
#11
Melissa A MacLeod, Paul F Tremblay, Kathryn Graham, Sharon Bernards, Jürgen Rehm, Samantha Wells
The 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a brief measurement tool used cross-culturally to capture the multi-dimensional nature of disablement through six domains, including: understanding and interacting with the world; moving and getting around; self-care; getting on with people; life activities; and participation in society. Previous psychometric research supports that the WHODAS 2.0 functions as a general factor of disablement. In a pooled dataset from community samples of adults (N = 447) we used confirmatory factor analysis to confirm a one-factor structure...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631722/psychosocial-difficulties-of-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-the-paradise-24-questionnaire
#12
Ambra M Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Paolo Confalonieri, Renato Mantegazza, Valentina Torri Clerici, Carlo Antozzi, Greta Brenna, Matilde Leonardi
The aim of this study is to identify the most relevant psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) experienced by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS); to evaluate the relation between an overall level of PSDs measured with the PARADISE-24 and other variables; to assess which factors may predict PARADISE-24 overall score. Adults PwMS were consecutively enrolled and completed a battery of eight self-reported instruments (i.e. SCQ, EUROHIS-QOL 8, BRS, BFI-10, JSPE, OSS-3, WHODAS-12, PARADISE-24). A clinical evaluation was performed for each patient and the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score was determined by neurologists...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631147/disability-and-functioning-of-patients-who-use-psychiatric-hospital-emergency-services
#13
Kevin D Shield, Paul Kurdyak, Paul A Shuper, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVE: First, to compare the level of disability and functioning of patients who access psychiatric emergency services by diagnosis and service use frequency. Second, to compare patients who access psychiatric emergency services to the general population in terms of demographics and the level of disability and functioning. METHODS: Data from 420 patients were obtained by time-based sampling from August 2011 to February 2012 in the emergency department of a psychiatric hospital that provides services to adolescents and adults...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612941/measuring-community-integration-in-persons-with-limb-trauma-and-amputation-a-systematic-review
#14
Linda Resnik, Matthew Borgia, Benjamin Silver
OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to conduct a systematic review of community integration measures used with populations with limb trauma and/or amputation and evaluate each measure's focus, content, and psychometric properties. DATA SOURCES: Searches of PubMed and CINAHL for terms social participation, community integration, social function, outcome assessment, wounds and injuries, and amputation/rehabilitation. STUDY SELECTION: Included English language articles with a sample size of at least 20 adults with limb trauma or amputation Measures were deemed eligible if they contained a majority of items related to construct of participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604273/development-and-validation-of-a-contextual-measure-of-functioning-for-people-living-with-severe-mental-disorders-in-rural-africa
#15
Kassahun Habtamu, Atalay Alem, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most measures of functioning in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) have been developed in Western societies. Many of the questions in these scales are culture-bound, fail to capture differentiation of tasks by gender and are difficult to adapt to other contexts. The aim of this study was to develop a measure of functioning for people with SMD which is contextually appropriate for a rural African setting. METHODS: A review of existing scales, a qualitative study, free listing and pile sorting exercises, and expert consensus were used to establish a pool of items...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548503/prevalence-and-impact-of-disability-and-sexual-dysfunction-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-nigerian-stroke-survivors
#16
Olufemi O Oyewole, Michael O Ogunlana, Caleb A O Gbiri, Kolawole S Oritogun
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of disability and sexual dysfunction on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among Nigerian stroke survivors (SSv) and to determine their association using sexual functioning (SF), Global Disability Measure and Function (GDMF), and demographic profiles. METHODS: This study involved 121 consecutive SSv attending healthcare services in two tertiary health facilities in Nigeria. Demographic details were obtained through interview while HRQoL, SF, and Global Disability (GD) were assessed using Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SS-QoL-12), Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (CSFQ-14), and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS-2...
August 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523509/disability-in-singapore-s-elderly-population
#17
Mithila Mahesh, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Anita Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Binte Shafie, Shirlene Pang, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Esmond Seow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Disability increases an individual's dependence and negatively impacts their physical, mental, and social functioning. The current study aims to establish the prevalence and risk factors of disability in Singapore's population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was extracted from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study. This cross-sectional study recruited participants aged 60 years and above (n = 2421) who were representative of Singapore's multiethnic population...
July 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506525/validation-of-world-health-organization-assessment-schedule-2-0-in-specialized-somatic-rehabilitation-services-in-norway
#18
Vegard Pihl Moen, Jorunn Drageset, Geir Egil Eide, Mari Klokkerud, Sturla Gjesdal
PURPOSE: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) 2.0 is a generic instrument to assess disability covering six domains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of the instrument for monitoring disability in specialized somatic rehabilitation by testing reliability, construct validity and responsiveness of WHODAS 2.0, Norwegian version, among patients with various health conditions. METHODS: For taxonomy, terminology and definitions, the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments were followed...
August 9, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474691/-capacity-impairments-and-participation-restrictions-assessment-and-qualifying-in-the-sociomedical-evaluation-of-mental-disorders
#19
Michael Linden
Participation is defined, according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), as inclusion in life. Participation restrictions are the result of a mismatch between capacities and context requirements. Mental disorders are more impairing than many somatic disorders.There are instruments to assess and operationalize capacity and participation restrictions like the ADL-scales, the GAF, the ICF-AT-50, the ICFPsych A&P, the IMET, the ICF-Coresets, the WHODAS, or the Mini-ICF-APP, which differ in respect to indications, differentiation between function, capacity or context and context-adjusted qualifying...
September 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451316/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-frailty-and-disability-in-older-adults-from-china-ghana-india-mexico-russia-and-south-africa
#20
R B Biritwum, N Minicuci, A E Yawson, O Theou, G P Mensah, N Naidoo, F Wu, Y Guo, Y Zheng, Y Jiang, T Maximova, S Kalula, P Arokiasamy, A Salinas-Rodríguez, B Manrique-Espinoza, J J Snodgrass, K N Sterner, G Eick, M A Liebert, J Schrock, S Afshar, E Thiele, S Vollmer, K Harttgen, H Strulik, J E Byles, K Rockwood, A Mitnitski, S Chatterji, P Kowal
BACKGROUND: The severe burden imposed by frailty and disability in old age is a major challenge for healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries alike. The current study aimed to provide estimates of the prevalence of frailty and disability in older adult populations and to examine their relationship with socioeconomic factors in six countries. METHODS: Focusing on adults aged 50+ years, a frailty index was constructed as the proportion of deficits in 40 variables, and disability was assessed using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2...
September 2016: Maturitas
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