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Gabriela Barbaglia, Núria D Adroher, Gemma Vilagut, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brentan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Ron de Graaf, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Vivianne Kovess-Masfety, Herbert Matschinger, Jordi Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of role limitation in the European population aged 18-64 years and to examine the contribution of health conditions to role limitation using a public-health approach. METHODS: Representative samples of the adult general population (n=13,666) aged 18-64 years from 10 European countries of the World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys Initiative, grouped into three regions: Central-Western, Southern and Central-Eastern. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
October 17, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Venusia Covelli, Flavio Villani, Giuseppe Didato, Francesco Deleo, Silvana Franceschetti, Simona Binelli, Laura Canafoglia, Marina Casazza, Matilde Leonardi
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to test the effectiveness of the PARADISE 24 instrument in describing the psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) reported by people with epilepsy, their relation with disability, and quality-of-life (QoL) levels and, overall, to explore a horizontal epidemiology methodology applied to a sample of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A convenience sample of 80 adult patients with epilepsy was included in this cross-sectional study...
October 12, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Michelle White, Dennis Alcorn, Kirsten Randall, Stephanie Duncan, Heather Klassen, Mark Shrime
BACKGROUND: Billions of people worldwide lack access to safe affordable surgery. Surgical missions and non-governmental organisations (NGO) are vital in meeting this need, but long-term outcomes are rarely reported. Mercy Ships is a surgical NGO, and we aimed to measure disability-free survival, impact and patient satisfaction in Madagascar after a 7-month mission. METHOD: We aimed to evaluate 346 patients. Primary outcome measure was the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
October 11, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
J Sepúlveda-Delgado, O L Vera-Lastra, K Trujillo-Murillo, L M Canseco-Ávila, R A Sánchez-González, O Gómez-Cruz, A Lugo-Trampe, I Fernández-Salas, R Danis-Lozano, A Contreras-Contreras, A Mendoza-Torres, S Domínguez-Arrevillaga, B A Mena-Vela, M Ocaña-Sibilla, J C Ramirez-Valdespino, L J Jara
The chikungunya virus (ChikV) is a reemerging mosquito-borne pathogen that causes disabling chronic arthritis. The relationship between clinical evolution and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with ChikV-induced arthritis has not been fully described. We performed a prospective case series to evaluate the association among joint involvement, self-reported disability, and inflammatory biomarkers. Patients with ChikV infection were followed for 1 year. Joint involvement and self-reported disability were evaluated with disease activity index 28 (DAS-28) and World Health Organization Disablement Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS-II)...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Mikhail Saltychev, Ryan Mattie, Zachary L McCormick, Katri Laimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Melissa A MacLeod, Paul F Tremblay, Kathryn Graham, Sharon Bernards, Jürgen Rehm, Samantha Wells
The 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a brief measurement tool used cross-culturally to capture the multi-dimensional nature of disablement through six domains, including: understanding and interacting with the world; moving and getting around; self-care; getting on with people; life activities; and participation in society. Previous psychometric research supports that the WHODAS 2.0 functions as a general factor of disablement. In a pooled dataset from community samples of adults (N = 447) we used confirmatory factor analysis to confirm a one-factor structure...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Ambra M Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Paolo Confalonieri, Renato Mantegazza, Valentina Torri Clerici, Carlo Antozzi, Greta Brenna, Matilde Leonardi
The aim of this study is to identify the most relevant psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) experienced by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS); to evaluate the relation between an overall level of PSDs measured with the PARADISE-24 and other variables; to assess which factors may predict PARADISE-24 overall score. Adults PwMS were consecutively enrolled and completed a battery of eight self-reported instruments (i.e. SCQ, EUROHIS-QOL 8, BRS, BFI-10, JSPE, OSS-3, WHODAS-12, PARADISE-24). A clinical evaluation was performed for each patient and the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score was determined by neurologists...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Kevin D Shield, Paul Kurdyak, Paul A Shuper, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVE: First, to compare the level of disability and functioning of patients who access psychiatric emergency services by diagnosis and service use frequency. Second, to compare patients who access psychiatric emergency services to the general population in terms of demographics and the level of disability and functioning. METHODS: Data from 420 patients were obtained by time-based sampling from August 2011 to February 2012 in the emergency department of a psychiatric hospital that provides services to adolescents and adults...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Linda Resnik, Matthew Borgia, Benjamin Silver
OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to conduct a systematic review of community integration measures used with populations with limb trauma and/or amputation and evaluate each measure's focus, content, and psychometric properties. DATA SOURCES: Searches of PubMed and CINAHL for terms social participation, community integration, social function, outcome assessment, wounds and injuries, and amputation/rehabilitation. STUDY SELECTION: Included English language articles with a sample size of at least 20 adults with limb trauma or amputation Measures were deemed eligible if they contained a majority of items related to construct of participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kassahun Habtamu, Atalay Alem, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most measures of functioning in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) have been developed in Western societies. Many of the questions in these scales are culture-bound, fail to capture differentiation of tasks by gender and are difficult to adapt to other contexts. The aim of this study was to develop a measure of functioning for people with SMD which is contextually appropriate for a rural African setting. METHODS: A review of existing scales, a qualitative study, free listing and pile sorting exercises, and expert consensus were used to establish a pool of items...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Olufemi O Oyewole, Michael O Ogunlana, Caleb A O Gbiri, Kolawole S Oritogun
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of disability and sexual dysfunction on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among Nigerian stroke survivors (SSv) and to determine their association using sexual functioning (SF), Global Disability Measure and Function (GDMF), and demographic profiles. METHODS: This study involved 121 consecutive SSv attending healthcare services in two tertiary health facilities in Nigeria. Demographic details were obtained through interview while HRQoL, SF, and Global Disability (GD) were assessed using Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SS-QoL-12), Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (CSFQ-14), and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS-2...
August 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mithila Mahesh, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Anita Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Binte Shafie, Shirlene Pang, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Esmond Seow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Disability increases an individual's dependence and negatively impacts their physical, mental, and social functioning. The current study aims to establish the prevalence and risk factors of disability in Singapore's population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was extracted from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study. This cross-sectional study recruited participants aged 60 years and above (n = 2421) who were representative of Singapore's multiethnic population...
July 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Vegard Pihl Moen, Jorunn Drageset, Geir Egil Eide, Mari Klokkerud, Sturla Gjesdal
PURPOSE: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) 2.0 is a generic instrument to assess disability covering six domains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of the instrument for monitoring disability in specialized somatic rehabilitation by testing reliability, construct validity and responsiveness of WHODAS 2.0, Norwegian version, among patients with various health conditions. METHODS: For taxonomy, terminology and definitions, the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments were followed...
August 9, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Michael Linden
Participation is defined, according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), as inclusion in life. Participation restrictions are the result of a mismatch between capacities and context requirements. Mental disorders are more impairing than many somatic disorders.There are instruments to assess and operationalize capacity and participation restrictions like the ADL-scales, the GAF, the ICF-AT-50, the ICFPsych A&P, the IMET, the ICF-Coresets, the WHODAS, or the Mini-ICF-APP, which differ in respect to indications, differentiation between function, capacity or context and context-adjusted qualifying...
September 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
R B Biritwum, N Minicuci, A E Yawson, O Theou, G P Mensah, N Naidoo, F Wu, Y Guo, Y Zheng, Y Jiang, T Maximova, S Kalula, P Arokiasamy, A Salinas-Rodríguez, B Manrique-Espinoza, J J Snodgrass, K N Sterner, G Eick, M A Liebert, J Schrock, S Afshar, E Thiele, S Vollmer, K Harttgen, H Strulik, J E Byles, K Rockwood, A Mitnitski, S Chatterji, P Kowal
BACKGROUND: The severe burden imposed by frailty and disability in old age is a major challenge for healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries alike. The current study aimed to provide estimates of the prevalence of frailty and disability in older adult populations and to examine their relationship with socioeconomic factors in six countries. METHODS: Focusing on adults aged 50+ years, a frailty index was constructed as the proportion of deficits in 40 variables, and disability was assessed using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2...
September 2016: Maturitas
Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Janhavi Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Mythily Subramaniam
Background. Although pain is experienced among people of all ages, there is a need to study its risk factors and impact among older adults. Aims. The study sought to determine the prevalence, sociodemographics, and clinical correlates of pain along with association of pain with disability among older adults in Singapore. Methods. The WiSE study was a comprehensive cross-sectional, single phase, epidemiological survey conducted among the elderly aged 60 years and above and used a nationally representative sample of three main ethnic groups in Singapore: Chinese, Malays, and Indians...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Laureano Negrón-Blanco, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta, Javier Almazán, Carmen Rodríguez-Blázquez, Esther Franco, Javier Damián
BACKGROUND: There is a marked growth in the number of homebound older adults, due mainly to increased life expectancy. Although this group has special characteristics and needs, it has not been properly studied. This study thus aimed to measure the prevalence of homebound status in a community-dwelling population, and its association with both socio-demographic, medical and functional characteristics and the use of health care and social services. METHODS: We used instruments coming under the WHO International Classification of Functioning (ICF) framework to carry out a cross-sectional study on populations aged 50 years and over in the province of Zaragoza (Spain), covering a total of 1622 participants...
2016: BMC Public Health
Eline H van Roekel, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Martijn J L Bours, Brigid M Lynch, Paul J B Willems, Kenneth Meijer, Ijmert Kant, Geerard L Beets, Silvia Sanduleanu, Genevieve N Healy, Matty P Weijenberg
Sedentary behavior (sitting/lying at low energy expenditure while awake) is emerging as an important risk factor that may compromise the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. We examined associations of sedentary time with HRQoL in CRC survivors, 2-10 years post-diagnosis. In a cross-sectional study, stage I-III CRC survivors (n = 145) diagnosed (2002-2010) at Maastricht University Medical Center+, the Netherlands, wore the thigh-mounted MOX activity monitor 24 h/day for seven consecutive days...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Jill M Newby, Louise Mewton, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: Disorder-specific and transdiagnostic internet cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) programs are effective for anxiety and depression, but no studies have compared their effectiveness in primary care. METHODS: Patient characteristics, adherence and effectiveness of Transdiagnostic iCBT (n=1005) were compared to disorder-specific programs for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) (n=738) and depression (n=366) in a naturalistic non-randomised comparison study...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Mohammadreza Shahbazi, Mahshid Foroughan, Mahdi Rahgozar, Reza Salmanroghani
OBJECTIVE: This study explored disability and its correlations with the environmental factors in a group of Iranian older adults. MATERIALS & METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed. One hundred participants receiving adult day care services in Kahrizak center in Iran were selected by using the complete enumeration method. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2 (WHODAS II) and the Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF) questionnaires were used to collect data...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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