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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366849/disability-and-common-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative-portugal
#1
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Daniel Neto, Manuela Silva, Graça Cardoso, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are highly prevalent and disabling, leading to substantial individual and societal costs. This study aims to characterize the association between disability and common mental disorders in Portugal, using epidemiological data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative. METHODS: Twelve-month common mental disorders were assessed with the CIDI 3.0. Disability was evaluated with the modified WMHS WHODAS-II. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between disability and each disorder or diagnostic category (mood or anxiety disorders)...
January 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337023/the-effects-of-functional-training-bicycle-exercise-and-exergaming-on-walking-capacity-of-elderly-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-single-blinded-trial
#2
Daniel Dominguez Ferraz, Karen Valadares Trippo, Gabriel Pereira Duarte, Mansueto Gomes Neto, Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Jamary Oliveira Filho
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of functional training, bicycle exercise and exergaming on walking capacity of elderly with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled single-blinded trial. SETTING: A State Reference Health Care Centre for Elderly, a public reference outpatient clinic for the elderly. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two elderly individuals (≥60 years-old) with idiopathic PD (stage 2 to 3 of modified Hoehn and Yahr) according to the London Brain Bank...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304117/associations-between-self-reported-lifetime-history-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-and-current-disability-assessment-in-a-population-sample-of-canadian-adults
#3
Gabriela Ilie, Edward M Adlaf, Robert E Mann, Anca Ialomiteanu, Hayley Hamilton, Jürgen Rehm, Mark Asbridge, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the association between history of lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) and current disabling functional restrictions among Ontario adults. SETTING AND DESIGN: A two-stage rolling cross-sectional sample of 6,048 adults aged 18 to 93 were interviewed by computer assisted telephone interviewing between 2011-2013 regarding their mental health and substance use in Ontario, Canada. TBI criteria were defined by loss of consciousness for minimum five minutes or at least one overnight hospitalization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285612/outcomes-of-operative-and-nonoperative-treatment-of-3-and-4-part-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-elderly-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Marieke E Brouwer, Inge H F Reininga, Mostafa El Moumni, Klaus W Wendt
PURPOSE: Despite a rising incidence in proximal humeral fractures, there is still no evidence for the best treatment option, especially for elderly patients. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional outcome, pain and social participation in elderly patients, after operative and nonoperative treatment of displaced 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. METHODS: 150 patients aged ≥ 65, treated for a displaced 3- or 4-part proximal humeral fracture between 2004 and 2014, were invited to participate...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280386/the-association-between-biopsychosocial-factors-and-disability-in-a-national-health-survey-in-south-africa
#5
P Naidoo, R Sewpaul, A Nyembezi, P Reddy, K Louw, R Desai, D J Stein
The association between psychosocial factors and disability is less clear. This study investigated the biological and psychosocial (employment and psychological distress) factors associated with level of disability in an adult sample in South Africa. Data were analysed from a cross-sectional survey among adults aged 18-64 (n = 4974). Multiple linear regression was used to investigate the associations of the selected variables with disability. The mean percentage score on the WHODAS scale of disability was 5...
December 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230307/who-parents-skills-training-pst-programme-for-children-with-developmental-disorders-and-delays-delivered-by-family-volunteers-in-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
S U Hamdani, P Akhtar, Zill-E-Huma, H Nazir, F A Minhas, S Sikander, D Wang, C Servilli, A Rahman
Background: Development disorders and delays are recognised as a public health priority and included in the WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP). Parents Skills Training (PST) is recommended as a key intervention for such conditions under the WHO mhGAP intervention guide. However, sustainable and scalable delivery of such evidence based interventions remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and scaled-up implementation of locally adapted WHO PST programme delivered by family volunteers in rural Pakistan...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222988/medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-in-patients-attending-a-medical-outpatient-clinic-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-india
#7
Mohit Sharma, Shubh Mohan Singh, Ajit Avasthi, Subhash C Varma, Aman Sharma, Vikas Suri
OBJECTIVE: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are commonly seen across health care settings. Earlier studies have focussed on prevalence, cost-utilization and burden. Data from India is scarce. Patients with persistent MUPS have more impairment and psychological distress. This study was designed to assess psychological morbidity, health anxiety (HA), somatic symptom load, disability, quality of life (QOL) in patients with persistent MUPS presenting to a general medical outpatient service and compare it with patients with medically explained physical symptoms (MEPS)...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222609/evaluating-cognition-in-individuals-with-huntington-disease-neuro-qol-cognitive-functioning-measures
#8
Jin-Shei Lai, Siera Goodnight, Nancy R Downing, Rebecca E Ready, Jane S Paulsen, Anna L Kratz, Julie C Stout, Michael K McCormack, David Cella, Christopher Ross, Jenna Russell, Noelle E Carlozzi
PURPOSE: Cognitive functioning impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for individuals with Huntington disease (HD). The Neuro-QoL includes two patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures of cognition-Executive Function (EF) and General Concerns (GC). These measures have not previously been validated for use in HD. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Neuro-QoL Cognitive Function measures for use in HD. METHODS: Five hundred ten individuals with prodromal or manifest HD completed the Neuro-QoL Cognition measures, two other PRO measures of HRQOL (WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#9
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#10
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187242/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-eurohyp-1-trial-european-multicentre-randomised-phase-iii-clinical-trial-of-the-therapeutic-hypothermia-plus-best-medical-treatment-versus-best-medical-treatment-alone-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#11
Per Winkel, Philip M Bath, Christian Gluud, Jane Lindschou, H Bart van der Worp, Malcolm R Macleod, Istvan Szabo, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Stefan Schwab
BACKGROUND: Cooling may reduce infarct size and improve neurological outcomes in patients with ischaemic stroke. In phase II trials, cooling awake patients with ischaemic stroke has been shown to be feasible and safe, but the effects in functional outcomes has not yet been investigated in an adequately sized randomised clinical trial. METHODS/DESIGN: The EuroHYP-1 trial is a multinational, randomised, superiority phase III clinical trial with masked outcome assessment testing the benefits and harms of therapeutic cooling in awake adult patients with acute ischaemic stroke...
November 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178377/examination-of-the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-system-as-a-measure-of-disability-severity-among-veterans-receiving-cognitive-processing-therapy
#12
Jeremiah A Schumm, Whitney L Gore, Kathleen M Chard, Eric C Meyer
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is effective for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among military veterans. However, studies have not examined whether CPT is associated with reductions in disability severity. The current study examines the association between disability severity and PTSD and depression among U.S. veterans who are receiving CPT. Veterans completed measures at pre- and posttreatment and received CPT through a Veterans Affairs PTSD outpatient (n = 155) or residential (n = 177) program...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117705/personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-short-form-pid-5-sf-reliability-factorial-structure-and-relationship-with-functional-impairment-in-dual-diagnosis-patients
#13
Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Juan Ramírez-López, Sara Domínguez-Salas, Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Óscar M Lozano
Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth edition ( DSM-5) has generated a personality paradigm consisting of 25 personality facets identified in five domains. The developed assessment instrument Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) has showed good psychometric properties, but the potential for certain improvements still remain. In this article, a sample of 282 dual diagnosis patients is used to provide evidence of the psychometric properties of the PID-5-Short Form. The mean value of Cronbach's alpha coefficients reached ...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093546/socio-demographic-and-injury-related-factors-contributing-to-activity-limitations-and-participation-restrictions-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-bangladesh
#14
Manzur Kader, Nirmala K P Perera, Mohammad Sohrab Hossain, Redwanul Islam
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To identify socio-demographic and injury-related factors that contribute to activity limitations and participation restrictions in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Bangladesh. SETTING: Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: This study involved 120 (83% men) participants with SCI; their median (interquartile range) age and injury duration were 34 (25-43) years and 5 (2-10) years, respectively...
November 2, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091824/comparing-global-assessment-of-functioning-gaf-and-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-in-schizophrenia
#15
Scott Gspandl, Ryan P Peirson, Ramzi W Nahhas, Tracey Goodman Skale, Douglas S Lehrer
WHODAS-2.0 is a suggested replacement to the GAF in DSM-5. This study's purpose was to assess their comparative correlation in adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder. 42 individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were administered both tools and the PANSS. Pearson product moment correlations were computed and the different methods compared using bootstrap. There was no significant correlation between raw WHODAS-2.0 and GAF scores for all participants and a modest correlation between corrected WHODAS-2...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091155/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-obesity-related-problems-scale
#16
Andreia Mara Brolezzi Brasil, Fábio Brasil, Angélica Aparecida Maurício, Regina Maria Vilela
OBJECTIVE: To validate a reliable version of the Obesity-related Problems Scale in Portuguese to use it in Brazil. METHODS: The Obesity-related Problems Scale was translated and transculturally adapted. Later it was simultaneously self-applied with a 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0), to 50 obese patients and 50 non-obese individuals, and applied again to half of them after 14 days. RESULTS: The Obesity-related Problems scale was able to differentiate obese from non-obese individuals with higher accuracy than WHODAS 2...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065719/inter-rater-reliability-standard-error-of-measurement-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-the-12-item-whodas-2-0-and-four-performance-tests-in-institutionalized-ambulatory-older-adults
#17
Anabela G Silva, Margarida Cerqueira, Ana Raquel Santos, Catarina Ferreira, Joaquim Alvarelhão, Alexandra Queirós
PURPOSE: Self-reported and performance-based instruments are both necessary for a comprehensive view of the functioning of institutionalized older adults. Our aim was to assess the reliability and measurement error of the 12-item World Health Organization Disability assessment Schedule and compare these indexes against performance-based tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred participants from Nursing Homes and Day Care Centers were assessed twice (two days to one week apart) by two independent assessors...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061428/psychometric-properties-of-the-audit-among-men-in-goa-india
#18
Paige Endsley, Benedict Weobong, Abhijit Nadkarni
AIMS: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is a 10-item screening questionnaire used to detect alcohol use disorders. The AUDIT has been validated in only two studies in India and although it has been previously used in Goa, India, it has yet to be validated in that setting. In this paper, we aim to report data on the validity of the AUDIT for the screening of AUDs among men in Goa, India. METHODS: Concurrent and convergent validity of the AUDIT were assessed against the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Scale (WHODAS) for alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, and functional status respectively through the secondary analysis of data from a community cohort of men from Goa, India...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049125/correlation-between-the-pain-numeric-rating-scale-and-the-12-item-who-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain
#19
Mikhail Saltychev, Esa Bärlund, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between pain severity measured on a numeric rating scale and restrictions of functioning measured with the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 1207 patients with musculoskeletal pain conditions. Correlation was assessed using Spearman's and Pearson tests. RESULTS: Although all the Spearman's rank correlations between WHODAS 2...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033374/influence-of-visual-impairment-and-hearing-impairment-on-functional-dependence-status-among-people-in-taiwan-an-evaluation-using-the-whodas-2-0-score
#20
Ko-Fang Chang, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Wen-Chou Chi, Shih-Wei Huang, Chia-Feng Yen, Hua-Fang Liao, Tsan-Hon Liou, Pin-Zhir Chao, I-Chan Lin
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment (VI) and hearing impairment (HI) are the two most common types of sensory disability encountered clinically. However, VI and HI result in different limitations in daily life. We assessed the level of functioning in patients with VI or HI based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. METHODS: This nationwide, cross-sectional study included 312 people with VI and 540 people with HI. Each participant's degree of functioning and disability was evaluated using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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