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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780706/validity-reliability-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-the-myasthenia-gravis-activities-of-daily-living-profile-in-a-sample-of-italian-myasthenic-patients
#2
Alberto Raggi, Carlo Antozzi, Fulvio Baggi, Matilde Leonardi, Lorenzo Maggi, Renato Mantegazza
The purpose of this study is to report on the validity, reliability, and sensitivity of the myasthenia gravis activities of daily living profile (MG-ADL) in a sample of Italian patients. Patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) completed a protocol that included the MG-ADL, the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0), the Besta Neurological Institute rating scale for myasthenia gravis, and the MG-composite. Cronbach's alpha was used to test reliability, Spearman's correlation and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) to test short-term test-retest, Kruskal-Wallis test to assess differences in MG-ADL between patients with different disease severity, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test to assess sensitivity to change...
August 5, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764721/what-is-the-gap-in-activity-and-participation-between-people-with-disability-and-the-general-population-in-taiwan
#3
Tzu-Ying Chiu, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Wen-Chou Chi, Tsan-Hon Liou, Hua-Fang Liao, Cheng-Hsiu Chou, Wen-Hui Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) was developed, based on the concept of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The ICF provides a common language and framework for health and health-related status and attempts to integrate the biopsychosocial model as a multidimensional perspective in understanding functioning. Activities and participation (AP) is one salient component of the ICF refers to the execution of a task by an individual, and how such tasks are involved in their daily life...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763404/depression-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-prevalence-risk-factors-and-association-with-functional-disabilities
#4
Maytinee Srifuengfung, Kajohnsak Noppakun, Manit Srisurapanont
This study examined the prevalence, risk factors, and disability associated with depression. We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study in 217 consecutive kidney transplant (KT) recipients routinely followed-up at a Kidney Transplantation Clinic in Northern Thailand. Participants were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the 12-item self-report of World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, Version 2.0 (WHODAS). Twenty-eight (12...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#5
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656801/the-vulnerability-of-self-reported-disability-measures-to-malingering-a-simulated-adhd-study
#6
Andrew M Bryant, Esther Lee, Ashley Howell, Brittni Morgan, Carolyn M Cook, Kruti Patel, Andrew Menatti, Rebekah Clark, Melissa T Buelow, Julie A Suhr
OBJECTIVE: Making diagnostic and accommodation decisions for potential Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults is difficult, as the assessor often relies more on self-reported symptoms and functional disability than in childhood evaluations. Malingering of ADHD occurs frequently in the educational setting and for a variety of reasons, including the potential benefits of access to stimulant medications and academic accommodations. METHOD: The present study utilized a simulation design to examine the potential for malingering of self-reported functional disability on the World Health Organization Disability Schedule 2...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634576/disability-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-correlations-with-quality-of-life-and-patient-s-characteristics
#7
Konstantinos Argyriou, Andreas Kapsoritakis, Konstantinos Oikonomou, Anastassios Manolakis, Eirini Tsakiridou, Spyridon Potamianos
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases may cause significant disability. However, little is known regarding the life domains where patients encounter most limitations. OBJECTIVES: To assess patients' overall disability and determine the life domains where most restrictions were applied. Secondarily, we sought for possible relationships among disability, quality of life (HRQoL), and population characteristics. METHOD: The study lasted for two years (2013-2015) and included 200 patients [52%  ulcerative  colitis  (UC)] from a referral centre...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629413/progressive-disability-in-elderly-population-among-tribals-of-telangana-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ajitha Katta, Anil Kumar Indira Krishna, Bagavandas M, Tomofumi Anegawa, Suresh Munuswamy
BACKGROUND: The tribal population of Telangana, India, lives in remote and difficult conditions. This study was carried out to find out estimate, the prevalence and progression of disability in elderly population among tribals of Khammam District, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population based cross sectional survey was conducted in villages of Tribal Sub Plan area. Elderly people who are 60 years or older were chosen with a two stage sampling procedure: (1) probability proportion to size was used to select clusters and (2) in each selected cluster households were selected by systematic random sampling...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627860/the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-can-predict-the-institutionalization-of-the-patients-with-stroke
#9
Hsiang-Yueh Hu, Wen-Chou Chi, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Hua-Fang Liao, Shih-Wei Huang, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a well-known questionnaire used to evaluate disability. We can not only evaluate disability but also obtain additional information by using the standardized WHODAS 2.0 scores. AIM: To predict the institutionalization of the patients with stroke by using the standardized WHODAS 2.0 scores. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The data of 10,255 patients with stroke were acquired from the Data Bank of Persons with Disabilities (TDPD) in Taiwan...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603552/problem-management-plus-pm-in-the-management-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-specialized-mental-healthcare-facility-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Syed Usman Hamdani, Zainab Ahmed, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Aqsa Masood, Parveen Akhtar, Hania Amin, Richard A Bryant, Katie Dawson, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman, Fareed Aslam Minhas
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed Problem Management Plus (PM+), a 5-session, psychological intervention program delivered by trained non-specialist that addresses common mental disorders. The objectives of this study are to evaluate effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of PM+ in a specialized mental health care facility in Pakistan. METHODS: A single blind individual randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be carried out in the outpatient department of a specialized mental healthcare facility in Rawalpindi, Pakistan...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587271/development-of-activity-and-participation-norms-among-general-adult-populations-in-taiwan
#11
Chia-Feng Yen, Tzu-Ying Chiu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Wen-Chou Chi, Hua-Fang Liao, Chung-Chao Liang, Reuben Escorpizo
Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0), The Functioning Disability Evaluation Scale-Adult version (FUNDES-Adult) began development in 2011. The FUNDES-Adult was designed to assess the difficulty level of an individual's activities and participation in daily life. There is a lack of research regarding the profile of activity and participation for the general adult population. The purposes of this study were to establish activity and participation norms for the general adult population in Taiwan and to describe, discuss, and compare the activity and participation profile with other population...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534606/standardized-reporting-of-functioning-information-on-icf-based-common-metrics
#12
Birgit Prodinger, Alan Tennant, Gerold Stucki
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice and research a variety of clinical data collection tools are used to collect information on people's functioning for clinical practise and research and National Health Information Systems. Reporting on ICF-based common metrics enables standardized documentation of functioning information in national health information systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this methodological note on applying the ICF in rehabilitation is to demonstrate how to report functioning information collected with a data collection tool on ICF-based common metrics...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527069/clinical-and-psychosocial-features-of-frequent-relapsers-fr-among-patients-with-chronic-migraine-and-medication-overuse
#13
Alberto Raggi, Licia Grazzi, Roberta Ayadi, Matilde Leonardi, Alberto Proietti, Silvia Schiavolin, Chiara Scaratti, Susanna Usai, Domenico D'Amico
The objective was to characterize frequent relapsers (FR)-i.e. those requiring two or more withdrawals in a 3-year period-in a sample of 188 patients with chronic migraine with medication overuse (CM-MO). We tested differences between FR and non-FR for age, gender, employment status, days with headache, headache severity, type of overused medication, BDI-II, WHODAS 2.0 and MSQ. 30.8% of participants were FR: they were more frequently treated as inpatients and living alone, had a lower education, higher disability and lower QoL, higher frequency and intensity of headaches, and higher depression scores...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476148/the-effectiveness-of-a-supported-self-management-task-shifting-intervention-for-adult-depression-in-vietnam-communities-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jill Murphy, Charles H Goldsmith, Wayne Jones, Pham Thi Oanh, Vu Cong Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are one of the leading causes of disease and disability worldwide. In Vietnam, although epidemiological evidence suggests that depression rates are on par with global averages, services for depression are very limited. In a feasibility study that was implemented from 2013 to 2015, we found that a Supported Self-management (SSM) intervention showed promising results for adults with depression in the community in Vietnam. This paper describes the Mental Health in Adults and Children: Frugal Innovations (MAC-FI) trial protocol that will assess the effectiveness of the SSM intervention, delivered by primary care and social workers, to community-based populations of adults with depression in eight Vietnamese provinces...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473510/does-more-education-mean-less-disability-in-people-with-dementia-a-large-cross-sectional-study-in-taiwan
#15
Shih-Wei Huang, Wen-Chou Chi, Chia-Feng Yen, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Hua-Fang Liao, Reuben Escorpizo, Feng-Hang Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a feasible tool for assessing functional disability and analysing the risk of institutionalisation among elderly patients with dementia. However, the data for the effect of education on disability status in patients with dementia is lacking. The aim of this large-scale, population-based study was to analyse the effect of education on the disability status of elderly Taiwanese patients with dementia by using WHODAS 2.0...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453972/exposure-to-ambient-pm2-5-associated-with-overall-and-domain-specific-disability-among-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Hualiang Lin, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Xing Zhao, Zheng Cao, Steven E Rigdon, Hong Xian, Xing Li, Tao Liu, Jianpeng Xiao, Weilin Zeng, Nancy L Weaver, ZhengminMin Qian, Wenjun Ma, Fan Wu
BACKGROUND: Exposure to particulate matter pollution is associated with various cardiopulmonary diseases, which are closely related with disability. The direct relationship between air pollution and disability, however, has not been fully explored. METHODS: We used data from 45,625 participants in the Study on global AGEing and adult health in six low- and middle-income countries. The 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439626/reliability-and-validity-of-the-12-item-whodas-2-0-in-patients-with-kashin-beck-disease
#17
Mohammad Imran Younus, Di-Miao Wang, Fang-Fang Yu, Hua Fang, Xiong Guo
The purpose of this study was to check the reliability and validity of the 12-item Chinese version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) for the assessment of disability in patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). We recruited 219 patients with KBD from the high-risk KBD area in the Shaanxi province, using stratified multistage random sampling. We assessed each patient using the Chinese version of the 12-item WHODAS 2.0 and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of Osteoarthritis (WOMAC)...
April 24, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395527/assessing-cognitive-related-disability-in-schizophrenia-reliability-validity-and-underlying-factors-of-the-evaluation-of-cognitive-processes-involved-in-disability-in-schizophrenia-scale
#18
Christine Passerieux, Virginie Bulot, Marie-Christine Hardy-Baylé, Paul Roux
PURPOSE: We have developed a new scale that assesses disability caused by cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, in order to evaluate the functional impact of schizophrenia and help the prescription of rehabilitation interventions. The aim of the study was to assess its psychometrical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mental healthcare professionals and relatives of individuals with schizophrenia developed and rated the evaluation of cognitive processes involved in disability in schizophrenia scale, which included 13 items...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391768/validation-of-the-polish-version-of-the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-in-an-elderly-population-60-70-years%C3%A2-old
#19
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Bernard Sozański
PURPOSE: To assess the reliability and validity of the Polish version of the 36-point World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) in an elderly population. METHOD: One thousand randomly selected individuals, aged 60-70 years, living in south-eastern Poland were assessed using the Polish version of the WHODAS 2.0. RESULTS: The analysis confirmed the high reliability and validity of the tool. Cronbach's α index was 0...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388911/the-impact-of-multi-morbidity-on-disability-among-older-adults-in-south-africa-do-hypertension-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-matter
#20
Philippa Waterhouse, Nele van der Wielen, Pamela Chirwa Banda, Andrew Amos Channon
BACKGROUND: Alongside the global population ageing phenomenon, there has been a rise in the number of individuals who suffer from multiple chronic conditions. Taking the case of South Africa, this study aims, first, to investigate the association between multi-morbidity and disability among older adults; and second, to examine whether hypertension (both diagnosed and undiagnosed) mediates this relationship. Lastly, we consider whether the impact of the multi-morbidity on disability varies by socio-demographic characteristics...
April 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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