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Psychiatric Rating Scales

Irene Bighelli, Georgia Salanti, Cornelia Reitmeir, Sofia Wallis, Corrado Barbui, Toshi A Furukawa, Stefan Leucht
INTRODUCTION: There is rising awareness that we need multidisciplinary approaches integrating psychological treatments for schizophrenia, but a comprehensive evidence based on their relative efficacy is lacking. We will conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA), integrating direct and indirect comparisons from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to rank psychological treatments for schizophrenia according to their efficacy, acceptability and tolerability. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include all RCTs comparing a psychological treatment aimed at positive symptoms of schizophrenia with another psychological intervention or with a no treatment condition (waiting-list and treatment as usual)...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Lara Tucha, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Oliver Tucha
This study describes the development and utility of a new self-report measure of attentional capacities of adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): the Everyday Life Attention Scale (ELAS). Different from previous attention scales, attentional capacities are rated for nine everyday situations. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ELAS in 1206 healthy participants. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a situation-specific approach which categorizes everyday attention into nine situation scales: Reading, Movie, Activity, Lecture, Conversation, Assignment, Cooking, Cleaning up, and Driving...
March 14, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Juliann M Mellin, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Caroline Lustenberger, Courtney E Lugo, Morgan L Alexander, John H Gilmore, L Fredrik Jarskog, Flavio Fröhlich
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of patients with schizophrenia experience auditory hallucinations that are refractory to antipsychotic medications. Here, we evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) that we hypothesized would improve auditory hallucination symptoms by enhancing synchronization between the frontal and temporo-parietal areas of the left hemisphere. METHOD: 22 participants were randomized to one of three arms and received twice daily, 20 min sessions of sham, 10 Hz 2 mA peak-to-peak tACS, or 2 mA tDCS over the course of 5 consecutive days...
March 10, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Sevdalina Kandilarova, Drozdstoy Stoyanov, Ivo D Popivanov, Stefan Kostianev
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: In this study, we have attempted to replicate the findings of altered emotional processing in depressed patients compared with healthy controls by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging during passive viewing of positive, negative, and neutral pictures from the International Affective Pictures System. METHODS: Nineteen medicated depressed patients and 19 sex and age-matched healthy controls underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during presentation of affective pictures in a block design...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Samuel Mullinax, Christen E Chalmers, Jesse Brennan, Gary M Vilke, Kimberly Nordstrom, Michael P Wilson
BACKGROUND: Suicide screening scales have been advocated for use in the ED setting. However, it is currently unknown whether patients classified as low-risk on these scales can be safely discharged from the emergency department. This study evaluated the utility of three commonly-used suicide screening tools in the emergency department to predict ED disposition, with special interest in discharge among low-risk patients. METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled a convenience sample of patients who answered "yes" to a triage suicidal ideation question in an urban academic emergency department...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Martinus P G Broen, A F G Leentjens, J T Hinkle, A J H Moonen, M L Kuijf, N M Fischer, K Perepezko, A Bakker, G M Pontone
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate marker profiles for proposed anxiety subtypes in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: We used the persistent anxiety, episodic anxiety, and avoidance behavior subscales of the Parkinson Anxiety Scale as dependent variables in multivariable linear regression analyses using a cross-sectional data set of 311 patients with PD. Independent variables consisted of a range of demographic, psychiatric, and disease-specific markers...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Brian Villumsen Broberg, Iris E Sommer, Michael Eriksen Benros, Birte Yding Glenthøj, Christiane Gasse, Ole Köhler-Forsberg
Glucocorticoids can have psychosis as a potential side effect, but have also been suggested to yield protective effects due to anti-inflammatory properties. Nonetheless, knowledge is sparse on the association between glucocorticoid treatment and development of psychosis, which we aimed to study in this first large-scale longitudinal study. Among all individuals born in Denmark 1995-2003 (n=597,257), we compared individuals who had redeemed ≥1 prescription for glucocorticoids to an active comparator group and a non-exposed group concerning subsequent development of schizophrenia spectrum disorders until 2013...
March 8, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Shin Tae Kim, Syung Shick Hwang, Hae Won Kim, Eun Hee Hwang, Jaeil Cho, Jee In Kang, Se Joo Kim
Early life stress (ELS) leads to increased susceptibility to serious psychiatric problems such as alcohol dependence, but the mechanisms through which ELS affects alcohol dependence are unclear. We investigated the mediating role of multi-dimensional impulsivity in the associations between ELS and alcohol dependence. 330 male patients with alcohol dependence (mean age = 48.39) completed self-rating scales of ELS and several self-report measures of impulsivity as well as balloon analogue risk task (BART)...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Limor Givon, Avi Levi, Boaz Bloch, Eyal Fruchter
BACKGROUND: Suicide Prevention is an ongoing task for mental health services. This article describes a pilot program for suicide prevention that took place in two districts in Israel from 2009 to 2012. The program targeted specific population, patients in high-risk for suicide, without major mental illness or previous association with the mental health system. In that group many suicide attempts were due to stressful life events. METHODS: Patients who performed a suicide attempt or were considered high-risk for suicide were referred to the project...
March 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Jeffrey S Bedwell, Christopher C Spencer, Chi C Chan, Pamela D Butler, Pejman Sehatpour, Joseph Schmidt
A reduced P1 visual-evoked potential amplitude has been reported across several psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia-spectrum, bipolar, and depressive disorders. In addition, a difference in P1 amplitude change to a red background compared to its opponent color, green, has been found in schizophrenia-spectrum samples. The current study examined whether specific psychiatric symptoms that related to these P1 abnormalities in earlier studies would be replicated when using a broad transdiagnostic sample...
March 3, 2018: Brain Research
Mi-Chia Ma, Jian-Kang Chao, Jia-Yi Hung, Su-Ching Sung, I-Hsin Candy Chao
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction occurs commonly in patients with psychiatric illness and may be related to the primary mental disorder, comorbidity with sexual disorders or medical illness, or medications used for mental disorders treatment, but the magnitude of this problem is unknown. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of current sexual activity, sexual dysfunction, and sexual attitude and influence of factors on patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a total of 317 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Flora Gossink, Sigfried Schouws, Welmoed Krudop, Philip Scheltens, Max Stek, Yolande Pijnenburg, Annemiek Dols
OBJECTIVE: Although deficits in social cognition are established as core features in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), it remains unresolved if impaired social cognition distinguishes bvFTD from the broad differential diagnoses in clinical practice. Our aim was to study whether social cognition discriminates bvFTD from other neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders in patients presenting with late-onset frontal symptoms. Next, we studied the association of social cognition with frontal symptoms and cognitive functioning...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Tom Vermeulen, Lieve Lemey, Linda Van Diermen, Didier Schrijvers, Yamina Madani, Bernard Sabbe, Maarten J A Van Den Bossche, Roos C van der Mast, Søren D Østergaard
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent study, ratings on the Psychotic Depression Assessment Scale (PDAS) obtained via a dedicated semi-structured interview are valid measures of the severity of psychotic depression. This study aimed to further test the validity, scalability and responsiveness of the PDAS in older adults using independent ratings on the Clinical Global Impression Scale - Severity (CGI-S) and the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) as references. METHODS: Ratings were performed at admission and discharge at two old age psychiatric wards in Flanders, Belgium...
March 4, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Lauren Harris, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Theresa Morgan, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior has been associated with maladaptive strategies for emotion regulation; however, limited research has explored this association after controlling for diagnosis. This study aims to explore this connection across diagnoses. We hypothesized that patients who reported greater difficulty with emotion regulation would be more likely to have made suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 1046 psychiatric outpatients. Diagnoses and information about suicide history were determined using semi-structured interviews...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Faruk Uguz, Elif Subasi, Fadime Dalboy, Mehmet Ak
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of prophylactic treatment with antidepressants for the prevention of postpartum exacerbation in depressive or anxiety symptoms. The study included data on 33 patients who were followed from pregnancy to the postpartum period at the Department of Psychiatry of a university Hospital. Psychiatric diagnoses were determined by means of a structured clinical interview. The severity of depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed by means of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), respectively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
M Dold, L Bartova, J Mendlewicz, D Souery, A Serretti, S Porcelli, J Zohar, S Montgomery, S Kasper
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, multinational, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes associated with augmentation/combination treatment strategies in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment features of 1410 adult MDD patients were compared between MDD patients treated with monotherapy and augmentation/combination medication using descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ancova), and Spearman's correlation analyses...
February 28, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Jin-Jin Xu, Si-Tong Yang, Ying Sha, Yuan-Yuan Ge, Jian-Meng Wang
RATIONALE: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) frequently suffer from psychiatric disorders, and treating these symptom whereas managing the motor symptoms associated with PD can be a therapeutic challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of PD patient with severe depression and anxiety that refused to be treated with dopaminagonists or SSRIs, the most common treatments for PD patients suffering from psychiatric symptoms. DIAGNOSES: Parkinson's disease with severe depression and anxiety...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Marisa N Spann, Catherine Monk, Dustin Scheinost, Bradley S Peterson
Prenatal maternal immune activation (MIA) is associated with altered brain development and risk of psychiatric disorders in offspring. Translational human studies of MIA are few in number. Alterations of the salience network has been implicated in the pathogenesis of the same psychiatric disorders associated with MIA. If MIA is pathogenic, then associated abnormalities in the salience network should be detectable in neonates immediately after birth. We tested the hypothesis that 3rd trimester MIA of adolescent women who are at risk for high stress and inflammation, is associated with the strength of functional connectivity in the salience network of their neonate...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
S Zittel, V Tadic, C K E Moll, T Bäumer, A Fellbrich, A Gulberti, D Rasche, N Brüggemann, V Tronnier, A Münchau
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacological treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease (HD) is often limited by poor efficacy or side effects. Pallidal deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been considered in these patients but experience is so far limited. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the effects of bilateral DBS of the Globus pallidus internus (GPi) over one year in six severely affected HD patients with treatment refractory chorea in an advanced stage of the disease. Primary endpoint of the study was improvement in chorea...
February 20, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Usama Bin Zubair, Humza Mumtaz, Sawera Mansoor
Profound deafness is a lifelong impairment, leading to the physical disability as well as poor psychological adjustment. We herein present a mental health disorder rarely seen among the patients of profound deafness. A 16-year deaf and dumb girl, previously treated for depression, presented with unusual laughter, irritability, flight of ideas, decreased sleep, ideas of self importance, and decreased social functioning and educational performance. These problems were understood by the parents via sign language, who interpreted them to the interviewer...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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