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Psychiatric Rating Scales

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762677/anti-dementia-drugs-for-psychopathology-and-cognitive-impairment-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Taro Kishi, Toshikazu Ikuta, Kazuto Oya, Shinji Matsunaga, Yuki Matsuda, Nakao Iwata
Background: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of anti-dementia drugs plus antipsychotics (ADD+AP) for schizophrenia. Methods: Primary outcomes of efficacy and safety included improving overall symptoms (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale scores) and all-cause discontinuation, respectively. Other outcomes included psychopathology subscales (positive, negative, general, and anxiety/depressive symptoms), cognitive function (attention/vigilance, reasoning/problem solving, social cognition, speed of processing, verbal learning, visual learning, working memory, and cognitive control/executive function), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores, treatment discontinuation due to adverse events and inefficacy, and individual adverse events...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759055/results-of-a-coordinated-specialty-care-program-for-early-psychosis-and-predictors-of-outcomes
#3
Ilana Nossel, Melanie M Wall, Jennifer Scodes, Leslie A Marino, Sacha Zilkha, Iruma Bello, Igor Malinovsky, Rufina Lee, Marleen Radigan, Thomas E Smith, Lloyd Sederer, Gyojeong Gu, Lisa Dixon
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively evaluated outcomes of OnTrackNY, a statewide coordinated specialty care (CSC) program for treatment of early psychosis in community settings, as well as predictors of outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 325 individuals ages 16-30 with recent-onset nonaffective psychosis who were enrolled in OnTrackNY and who had at least one three-month follow-up. Clinicians provided data at baseline and quarterly up to one year. Domains assessed included demographic and clinical characteristics, social and occupational functioning, medications, suicidality and violence, hospitalization, and time to intervention...
May 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758472/contributions-of-depression-and-body-mass-index-to-body-image
#4
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 remitted depressed patients, 242 currently depressed patients and 325 healthy controls from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Depressive disorders (DSM-IV based psychiatric interview), standardized self-reported depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) and BMI were separately and simultaneously related to body image (the Stunkard Figure Rating scale) using linear regression analyses...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743017/difficult-medical-encounters-and-job-satisfaction-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-with-general-practitioners-in-germany
#5
Katja Goetz, Janis Mahnkopf, Anna Kornitzky, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: In primary care 15% of patient encounters are perceived as challenging by general practitioners (GP). However it is unknown what impact these encounters have regarding job satisfaction. The aim of this study was to evaluate which encounters are perceived as challenging by German GPs and whether they were associated with job satisfaction. METHODS: A total of 1538 questionnaires were sent to GPs in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. GPs should rate 14 medical conditions and 8 traits of patients on the perceived challenge using a Likert scale (1: 'not challenging at all' to 10: 'extremely challenging')...
May 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739398/the-staff-observation-aggression-scale-revised-soas-r-adjustment-and-validation-for-emergency-primary-health-care
#6
Tone Morken, Valborg Baste, Grethe E Johnsen, Knut Rypdal, Tom Palmstierna, Ingrid Hjulstad Johansen
BACKGROUND: Many emergency primary health care workers experience aggressive behaviour from patients or visitors. Simple incident-reporting procedures exist for inpatient, psychiatric care, but a similar and simple incident-report for other health care settings is lacking. The aim was to adjust a pre-existing form for reporting aggressive incidents in a psychiatric inpatient setting to the emergency primary health care settings. We also wanted to assess the validity of the severity scores in emergency primary health care...
May 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738944/sex-differences-in-traumatic-events-and-psychiatric-morbidity-associated-to-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-latino-prisoners
#7
Coralee Pérez-Pedrogo, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Rafael A González, José N Caraballo, Carmen E Albizu-García
Latinos comprised 17.1% of the U.S. population and 33.1% of US prisoners, yet they are underrepresented in the psychopathology literature. Despite higher rates of trauma among incarcerated individuals than in the general population, most of the previous research in this area focused primarily on women samples, and very few studies examined sex differences in PTSD and traumatic experiences. In addition, there is a need for research assessing traumatic experiences and probable PTSD in men and women Latino inmates to inform culturally competent care and sex sensitive care for this vulnerable and underserved population...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738425/a-pilot-open-label-8-week-study-evaluating-desvenlafaxine-for-treatment-of-major-depression-in-methadone-maintained-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder
#8
Cynthia El Hage, Maykel F Ghabrash, Simon Dubreucq, Suzanne Brissette, François Lespérance, Paul Lespérance, Clairélaine Ouellet-Plamondon, Julie Bruneau, Didier Jutras-Aswad
Depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders among opioid-dependent individuals. Clinical trials testing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors among depressed patients on methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) failed to show efficacy, whereas those on tricyclic antidepressants produced mixed results with potential for cardiotoxicity. Desvenlafaxine (DESV) is a SNRI with minimal cardiotoxicity and drug interactions. This study sought to assess feasibility and tolerability of using DESV in depressed patients on MMT...
May 7, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738418/anxiety-levels-predict-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-assessed-for-osteoporosis
#9
Antonino Catalano, Gabriella Martino, Federica Bellone, Agostino Gaudio, Carmen Lasco, Viviana Langher, Antonino Lasco, Nunziata Morabito
OBJECTIVE: There has been increasing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with fracture risk. This study aimed at investigating the role of severity of anxiety in bone health. METHODS: Multiple clinical risk factors for fractures, the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool score, the bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femoral neck, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) scores, Beck Depression Inventory scores, and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) scores for evaluation of the quality of life were determined, and x-ray vertebral morphometry was carried out in postmenopausal women referred for osteoporosis...
May 7, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736131/the-association-of-insight-and-change-in-insight-with-clinical-symptoms-in-depressed-inpatients
#10
Hongbo He, Qing Chang, Yarong Ma
Background: Lack of insight has been extensively studied and was found to be adversely correlated with impaired treatment compliance and worse long term clinical outcomes among patients with schizophrenia, while not much is known about this phenonmenon in patients with severe depression. Aim: To explore the correlates of insight and its relation to symptom changes among the most seriously ill patients with affective disorders, those who require hospitalization. Methods: Patients hospitalized in a large psychiatric hospital in south China with either major depressive disorder (MDD)(N=55) or bipolar depression (BD) (N=85) based on ICD-10 diagnostic criteria were assessed with the Insight and Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire (ITAQ) one week after admission and at the time of discharge...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736064/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-six-month-follow-up-study
#11
D Ramya Shruthi, S Sunil Kumar, Nagaraj Desai, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by coronary atherosclerosis include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI, and unstable angina. The relation between psychiatric disorders and coronary artery disease is a complex one which includes the effect of the psychosocial factors on heart and vice versa. Point prevalence studies have been reported, but there is paucity of follow-up studies from India. Materials and Methods: The study is a follow-up evaluation at discharge of 248 consecutive patients presented with ACS at JSS Hospital, Mysuru, Karnataka, over a period of 6 months to assess the psychiatric comorbidities...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734740/mood-regulation-focused-cbt-based-on-memory-reconsolidation-reduced-suicidal-ideation-and-depression-in-youth-in-a-randomised-controlled-study
#12
Göran Högberg, Tore Hällström
Suicide attempts and suicidal ideation in adolescence are considered to be related to suicide and psychiatric adversity later in life. Secondary prevention by improving the treatment of suicidal youth is a distinct possibility. In this study, treatment with a systematised mood-regulation focused cognitive behavioural therapy (MR-CBT) (n = 15) was compared with treatment as usual (TAU) (n = 12) in a group of depressed adolescents in a clinical setting. MR-CBT focuses on mood regulation by means of counter conditioning with memory reconsolidation being the proposed mechanism of change...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734104/late-onset-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-china
#13
Le Zhang, Xu Liu, Xin-Yue Jiang, Yun-Hui Wang, Jin-Mei Li, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: This study aimed to summarize the clinical characteristics and outcome of late-onset anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis in China. METHOD: All cases of people with a definitive diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in West China Hospital between June 2012 and April 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcome of those patients (age≥45years old) were summarized. Comparisons were conducted between older (≥45years old) and younger (18-44years old) adults...
May 4, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723767/tibolone-improves-depression-in-women-through-the-menopause-transition-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-of-adjunctive-tibolone
#14
Jayashri Kulkarni, Emorfia Gavrilidis, Natalie Thomas, Abdul-Rahman Hudaib, Roisin Worsley, Caroline Thew, Caitlin Bleeker, Caroline Gurvich
BACKGROUND: Many women with no past psychiatric history experience severe mood symptoms for the first time in their life during the menopausal transition, with debilitating long-term consequences. Women with a history of depression can experience a relapse or worsening of symptoms during the menopause transition. Traditional antidepressants, SSRIs or SNRIs, are commonly prescribed as the first line response. However, such treatment has shown only small improvements with side effects. Hormone therapies directly targeting the perimenopausal fluctuations in reproductive hormonal systems such as tibolone, have significant potential to treat perimenopausal depression...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717622/a-cross-sectional-study-of-family-caregiver-burden-and-psychological-distress-linked-to-frailty-and-functional-dependency-of-a-relative-with-advanced-dementia
#15
Wilson Abreu, Debbie Tolson, Graham A Jackson, Nilza Costa
Psychological health of caregivers of people with dementia is a major public concern. This study sought to determine the relationship between caregiver burden, psychological distress, frailty and functional dependency of a relative with advanced dementia. Persons with dementia and their caregivers (102 dyads) participated in this Portuguese community based cross-sectional study. Data were collected using the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Zarit Burden Interview, the Brief Symptoms Inventory and the Edmonton Frail Scale...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713371/association-between-uncooperativeness-and-the-glucose-metabolism-of-patients-with-chronic-behavioral-disorders-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#16
Tomohiro Yamaki, Kosuke Suzuki, Yusuke Sudo, Tomihisa Niitsu, Masahiko Okai, Nobuo Oka, Masaru Odaki
Bakground: Patients with behavioral disorders following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) often have disorders of consciousness that make expressing their emotional distress difficult. However, no standard method for assessing the unsettled and unforeseen responses that are associated with behavioral disorders has yet to be established. Because the thalamus is known to play a role in maintaining consciousness and cognition, we used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to examine the association between brain glucose metabolism in the thalamus and behavioral disorders...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713295/the-relationship-between-alexithymia-and-emotional-awareness-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-correlation-between-tas-20-and-leas
#17
Daniel Maroti, Peter Lilliengren, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar
Background: Alexithymia and emotional awareness may be considered overlapping constructs and both have been shown to be related to psychological and emotional well-being. However, it is not clear how the constructs relate to each other empirically or if they may overlap more or less in different populations. The aim of this review was therefore to conduct a meta-analysis of correlations between the most commonly used measures of alexithymia (i.e., the self-report instrument Toronto Alexithymia Scale; TAS-20) and emotional awareness (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706905/positive-effects-of-an-anti-aggression-and-de-escalation-training-on-ward-atmosphere-and-subjective-safety-may-depend-on-previous-training-experience
#18
Daniela Fröhlich, Franziska Rabenschlag, Susanne Schoppmann, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Christian G Huber
Anti-aggression and de-escalation (ADE) trainings of health-care professionals working on psychiatric inpatient wards have been shown to increase staff knowledge and confidence, which could be connected with higher subjective safety. Additionally, a potential reduction of aggressive incidents could improve ward atmosphere. Thus, the current study aimed to investigate the effects of ADE training on ward atmosphere and subjective safety. In 2015, an ADE training was established at the Psychiatric University Clinics (UPK), University of Basel...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700666/paranoia-symptoms-moderate-the-impact-of-emotional-context-processing-on-community-functioning-of-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#19
Kiho Park, Kee-Hong Choi
This study examined whether better emotional context processing is associated with better community functioning among persons with schizophrenia, and whether the relationship between the two variables is moderated by level of paranoid symptoms. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded Version, Emotional Context Processing Scale, and Multnomah Community Ability Scale were administered to 39 community-dwelling participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Emotional context processing had a small-to-moderate association with community functioning...
April 26, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695941/a-naturalistic-study-on-the-relationship-among-resilient-factors-psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-a-sample-of-residential-patients-with-psychosis
#20
Nicola Poloni, Daniele Zizolfi, Marta Ielmini, Roberto Pagani, Ivano Caselli, Marcello Diurni, Anna Milano, Camilla Callegari
Objective: Resilience is a multidimensional process of adaptation aimed to overcome stressful or traumatic life experiences; only in the last few years it has been considered as a personal resource in psychosis and schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the relationship between intrapersonal and interpersonal resilience factors and schizophrenia, particularly whether and how resilience can improve the course of psychotic illness. Patients and methods: In this observational study, all patients recruited had to fulfill the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorder ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 ); aged between 18 and 65 years; provided written informed consent; to be clinically stable (Clinical Global Impression Scale <3); history of illness ≥5 years; to be compliant with antipsychotic therapy over the last year; and regular submission to periodic monthly psychiatric visits...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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