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Psychiatric Rating Scales

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334657/relationship-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-to-clinical-variables-and-cognitive-functions-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#1
Ahmet Zihni Soyata, Selin Akışık, Damla İnhanlı, Handan Noyan, Alp Üçok
Few studies have investigated the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and clinical variables, and cognition in individuals at ultra high-risk (UHR) for psychosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of OCS and their relationship with clinical variables and cognitive functions in individuals at UHR. Eighty-four individuals at UHR for psychosis were administered the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, the Yale-Brown Obsession Compulsion Symptom Check List and, the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334234/is-there-an-association-between-severity-of-illness-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#2
D Guenzani, M Buoli, G S Carnevali, M Serati, P Messa, S Vettoretti
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a frequent condition in elderly subjects, and it is associated with psychiatric comorbidity, especially depressive symptoms. Purpose of the present research was to compare patients with different severity of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in terms of psychiatric symptoms. One hundred CKD subjects were randomly selected among those attending the Department of Nephrology, University of Milan. The patients were evaluated through the following rating scales: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), Kidney Disease Quality of Life- Short Form (KDQOL-SF) and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326295/randomised-controlled-trial-of-escitalopram-for-cervical-dystonia-with-dystonic-jerks-tremor
#3
Evelien Zoons, Jan Booij, Catherine C S Delnooz, Joke M Dijk, Yasmine E M Dreissen, Johannes H T M Koelman, Sandra M A van der Salm, Matej Skorvanek, Marenka Smit, Majid Aramideh, Henriette Bienfait, Agnita J W Boon, Jeroen W M Brans, Edo Hoogerwaard, Ad Hovestadt, Daan J Kamphuis, Alexander G Munts, Johannes D Speelman, Marina A J Tijssen
OBJECTIVE: Trials for additional or alternative treatments for cervical dystonia (CD) are scarce since the introduction of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). We performed the first trial to investigate whether dystonic jerks/tremor in patients with CD respond to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) escitalopram. METHODS: In a randomised, double-blind, crossover trial, patients with CD received escitalopram and placebo for 6 weeks. Treatment with BoNT was continued, and scores on rating scales regarding dystonia, psychiatric symptoms and quality of life (QoL) were compared...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324745/proof-of-concept-study-of-an-at-home-engaging-digital-intervention-for-pediatric-adhd
#4
Naomi O Davis, Jeffrey Bower, Scott H Kollins
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacological and behavioral therapies have limited impact on the distinct neurocognitive impairments associated with ADHD, and existing cognitive training programs have shown limited efficacy. This proof-of-concept study assessed treatment acceptability and explored outcomes for a novel digital treatment targeting cognitive processes implicated in ADHD. METHOD: Participants included 40 children with ADHD and 40 children without ADHD. Following psychiatric screening, ADHD ratings, and baseline neuropsychological measures, participants completed 28-days of at-home treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323510/consensual-lay-profiles-of-narcissism-and-their-connection-to-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory
#5
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Lane Siedor, Michael Crowe, W Keith Campbell
Although there is evidence that experts agree on the traits that characterize narcissism, this agreement may be due, in part, to the influence of the operationalizations based on the American Psychiatric Association's series of Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1980, 1994, 2013). Because these trait descriptions are important in shaping conceptualizations and serving as empirical criteria for construct validation, we explored their generalizability...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321705/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-nicotine-dependence-in-adults
#6
Bülent Bilgi, Umut Mert Aksoy, Özge Şahmelikoğlu Onur, Ayşe Fulya Maner
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess clinical characteristics and smoking profiles of individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and compare their nicotine dependence status with healthy controls for better understanding the mutual and complex relationship between ADHD and smoking. Methods: We included the following participants in the study: 40 adults with the diagnosis of ADHD, 40 participants who visited the smoking cessation polyclinic without any psychiatric disorders, and 40 healthy controls...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320381/a-brief-interview-to-detect-panic-attacks-and-panic-disorder-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiopulmonary-complaints
#7
Sharon C Sung, A John Rush, Arul Earnest, Leslie E C Lim, Maeve P P Pek, Joen M F Choi, Magdalene P K Ng, Marcus E H Ong
OBJECTIVES: Patients with panic-related anxiety often initially present to the emergency department (ED) complaining of respiratory or cardiac symptoms, but rates of detection of panic symptoms by ED physicians remain low. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relevance of panic attacks and panic disorder in ED patients who present with cardiopulmonary symptoms and to determine whether a brief symptom-based tool could be constructed to assist in rapid recognition of panic-related anxiety in the ED setting...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318515/a-review-of-methods-for-monitoring-adverse-events-in-pediatric-psychopharmacology-clinical-trials
#8
REVIEW
Margaret Coates, Marina Spanos, Pooja Parmar, Tara Chandrasekhar, Linmarie Sikich
Pediatric psychotropic prescription rates are rising, emphasizing the need for careful monitoring of drug safety in this population. Currently, no standardized assessments are used in clinical trials for adverse event (AE) elicitation focused on long-term drug treatment in pediatric patients. Despite a lack of standardized AE elicitation methods in psychiatric clinical trials, it is clear that psychiatric medications have developmentally dependent AEs that differ from those observed in adults. In this review, we discuss the use of general inquiry elicitation, drug-specific checklists, and systematic elicitation scales for AE reporting in pediatric psychopharmacology trials...
January 9, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306067/maternal-ratings-of-odd-symptoms-subtypes-versus-severity-in-a-general-community-sample-of-children
#9
Rapson Gomez, Vasilis Stavropoulos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a common childhood disorder (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000; APA, 2013). The aim of the present study was to ascertain the optimal structure for the ODD symptoms by identifying whether ODD is a qualitatively distinct entity (categorical) or is a continuum, with high levels on this continuum reflecting ODD (quantitative or dimensional view). METHODS: Mothers' ratings of the ODD symptoms of 457 children, aged 3 to 15years, as presented in the disruptive behavior rating scale were obtained...
December 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304525/low-self-rated-health-is-related-to-blood-hypercoagulability-in-patients-admitted-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Roland von Känel, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Jean-Paul Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Ulrich Schnyder, Mary Princip
Self-rated health (SRH) is independently associated with all-cause mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease. We examined whether SRH relates to haemostatic factors of a hypercoagulable state with prognostic impact in patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (MI). We assessed 190 patients (median age: 59 years; all Caucasian; 83% men) within 48 hours of an acute coronary intervention in terms of demographic factors, medical and psychiatric comorbidity, health behaviours, cardiac-related variables and psychosocial characteristics...
January 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304027/socio-demographic-and-mental-health-profile-of-admitted-cases-of-self-inflicted-harm-in-the-us-population
#11
Chris Hanuscin, Golara Zahmatkesh, Anaheed Shirazi, Deyu Pan, Senait Teklehaimanot, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi
Self-inflicted harm (SIH) has a substantial lifetime prevalence, it is associated with tremendous costs, and its rate is increasing on a national scale. To examine the characteristics of those admitted for SIH in the US and to investigate the factors that potentially modify the methods used for SIH. This was a retrospective analysis of admitted cases of SIH including suicide attempts between 2007 and 2012 using the National Trauma Data Bank. We included a total of 204,633 cases admitted for SIH. Our participants were 75...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303918/suicidal-risk-and-affective-temperaments-evaluated-with-the-temps-a-scale-a-systematic-review
#12
Gustavo H Vázquez, Xenia Gonda, María Lolich, Leonardo Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Among risk factors for suicidal behavior, there is growing interest in associations with stable affective temperament types, particularly based on assessment with the TEMPS-A self-rating scale. AIM: As research on this topic has not been reviewed systematically, we synthesized relevant, reported research findings. METHODS: Systematic searching identified peer-reviewed reports pertaining to associations of suicidal behavior or ideation with affective temperament types evaluated with TEMPS-A...
January 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303801/intravenous-valproic-acid-add-on-therapy-in-acute-agitation-adolescents-with-suspected-substance-abuse-a-report-of-six-cases
#13
Claudia Battaglia, Roberto Averna, Milena Labonia, Assia Riccioni, Stefano Vicari
The aim of this study was to test efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) valproate for aggression in children and adolescents with mood or conduct disorder and concomitant substance abuse. Six patients received a 20 mg/kg dose of IV valproic acid as an add-on therapy to their standard therapy with second-generation antipsychotics and benzodiazepines. Agitation and general psychopathology were measured at baseline and after the first injection using the Modified Overt Aggression Scale, the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and the Children's Global Assessment Scale...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303396/mental-health-correlates-of-cigarette-use-in-lgbt-individuals-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#14
Christopher F Drescher, Eliot J Lopez, James A Griffin, Thomas M Toomey, Elizabeth D Eldridge, Lara M Stepleman
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals is higher than for heterosexual, cisgender individuals. Elevated smoking rates have been linked to psychiatric comorbidities, substance use, poverty, low education levels, and stress. OBJECTIVES: This study examined mental health (MH) correlates of cigarette use in LGBT individuals residing in a metropolitan area in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants were 335 individuals from an LGBT health needs assessment (mean age 34...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299870/adhd-in-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatients
#15
Katherine L Lines, Joseph Sadek
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and motor hyperactivity. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD, in the general adult population, has been estimated to be 2.8%. Patients with ADHD have a high incidence of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. Those with a psychiatric disorder as well as ADHD have more psychosocial difficulties than those without ADHD. Despite knowing that ADHD is often comorbid with other psychiatric diagnoses, there are currently no studies elucidating the prevalence of ADHD in the inpatient psychiatric population, nor is there significant information about its impact...
January 3, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294725/association-of-domestic-violence-against-women-with-sociodemographic-factors-clinical-features-and-dissociative-symptoms-in-patients-who-receive-services-from-psychiatric-outpatient-units-in-turkey
#16
Zeynep Kotan, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Hayriye Dilek Yalvaç, Sibel Demir
Domestic violence (DV) against women is a serious problem with its negative effects on all family members and the society. Women exposed to DV not only have physical but also psychological damage. This study investigates prevalence of DV and its relations with some descriptive and clinical features in a psychiatric outpatient population in Turkey. A total of 277 female outpatients were included in the study. After a semistructured clinical interview, they were assessed by sociodemographic data form, DV questionnaire, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290130/women-fare-best-following-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-comparison-of-the-most-and-least-satisfied-patients-utilizing-data-from-the-quality-outcomes-database
#17
Andrew K Chan, Erica F Bisson, Mohamad Bydon, Steven D Glassman, Kevin T Foley, Eric A Potts, Christopher I Shaffrey, Mark E Shaffrey, Domagoj Coric, John J Knightly, Paul Park, Kai-Ming Fu, Jonathan R Slotkin, Anthony L Asher, Michael S Virk, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Silky Chotai, Anthony M DiGiorgio, Alvin Y Chan, Regis W Haid, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The American Association of Neurological Surgeons launched the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), a prospective longitudinal registry that includes demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data, to measure the safety and quality of neurosurgical procedures, including spinal surgery. Differing results from recent randomized controlled trials have established a need to clarify the groups that would most benefit from surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. In the present study, the authors compared patients who were the most and the least satisfied following surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286513/influence-of-polymorphic-variants-of-the-slc6a4-gene-on-the-frequency-of-detection-of-depressive-states-in-the-group-of-the-clean-up-workers-of-consequences-of-chornobyl-accident-in-the-remote-period-after-the-chornobyl-catastrophe
#18
I V Abramenko, N I Bilous, S A Chumak, K M Loganovsky
Mental disorders of the victims are one of the important medical consequences of the Chornobyl accident. It is also known that in the implementation of the pathogenesis of depressive states a significant role belongs to the sero tonin transporter gene (SLC6A4). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of polymorphic variants of the SLC6A4 gene on the frequency of detection of depression in a group of clean up workers in the remote period after the Chornobyl catastrophe. METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 59 victims of the Chornobyl NPP accident, divided into two groups (without depression and with depressive symptoms)...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284804/anxiety-and-depression-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#19
Arko Banerjee, Sujit Sarkhel, Rajib Sarkar, Gopal Krishna Dhali
Background: Psychological factors have been prominently implicated in the causation as well as maintenance of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Studies comparing psychiatric morbidity in IBS with healthy controls have reported contrasting findings. The current study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with IBS in comparison to healthy controls and to explore the relationship, if any, of anxiety and depression with various subtypes of IBS. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive patients of IBS (diagnosed as per Rome III criteria) between 18 and 65 years of age and fifty age- and sex-matched healthy controls were assessed for the presence of anxiety and depression using Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAMA) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), respectively...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282075/psychometric-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-capability-instrument-for-outcome-measurement-in-mental-health-research-oxcap-mh
#20
Francis Vergunst, Crispin Jenkinson, Tom Burns, Paul Anand, Alastair Gray, Jorun Rugkåsa, Judit Simon
BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are widely used in mental healthcare research for quality of life assessment but most fail to capture the breadth of health and non-health domains that can be impacted. We report the psychometric validation of a novel, multi-dimensional instrument based on Amartya Sen's capability approach intended for use as an outcome measure in mental health research. METHODS: The Oxford Capabilities Questionnaire for Mental Health (OxCAP-MH) is a 16-item self-complete capability measure that covers multiple domains of functioning and welfare...
December 28, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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