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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140521/prevalence-of-catatonia-and-its-moderators-in-clinical-samples-results-from-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis
#1
Marco Solmi, G Giorgio Pigato, Beatrice Roiter, Argentina Guaglianone, Luca Martini, Michele Fornaro, Francesco Monaco, Andrè F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs, Nicola Veronese, Christoph U Correll
Catatonia is an independent syndrome that co-occurs with several mental and medical conditions. We performed a systematic literature review in PubMed/Scopus until February 2017 and meta-analyzed studies reporting catatonia prevalence. Across 74 studies (cross-sectional = 32, longitudinal = 26, retrospective = 16) providing data collected from 1935 to 2017 across all continents, mean catatonia prevalence was 9.0% (k = 80, n = 110764; 95% CI = 6.9-11.7, I2 = 98%, publication bias P < .01), decreasing to 7...
November 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134496/an-analysis-of-treatment-seeking-behavior-in-individuals-with-gambling-disorder
#2
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Gambling disorder affects approximately 1.1-3.5% of the population, with the rates being higher in young adults. Despite this high prevalence, little is known regarding which pathological gamblers decide to seek treatment. This study sought to examine the differences in three groups of pathological gamblers: those who did not seek treatment (n = 94), those who sought therapy (n = 106) and those who sought medication therapy (n = 680). All subjects were assessed on a variety of measures including demographics, family history, gambling history, comorbid psychiatric disorders and an assortment of clinical variables such as the Quality of Life Inventory, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales, Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Pathologic Gambling (PG-YBOCS), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Eysenck Impulsiveness Questionnaire and select cognitive tasks...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122493/postepileptic-seizure-ptsd-a-very-rare-psychiatric-condition-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#3
Kirsten Labudda, Dominik Illies, Christian G Bien, Frank Neuner
PURPOSE: It has been shown that relatives of patients with epilepsy could experience a seizure as a traumatic event followed by a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In one questionnaire study, 51% of the patients with epilepsy were reported to have a PTSD caused by a traumatic seizure, termed postepileptic seizure PTSD by the authors. However, it remained unclear whether these patients had further psychiatric comorbidities and if certain seizure features may foster the development of the proposed epilepsy-specific PTSD...
November 6, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115073/assessment-of-competence-in-emergency-medicine-among-healthcare-professionals-in-cameroon
#4
Sang Chul Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Dae Han Wi, Joongsik Jeong, Ju Ok Park, Kyong Min Sun, Kwangsoo Bae
Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Through literature review, expert survey, and discrimination tests, we developed a self-survey questionnaire and a scenario-based competence assessment tool for assessing clinical knowledge and self-confidence to perform clinical practices or procedures. The self-survey consisted of 23 domains and 94 questionnaires on a 5-point Likert scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102816/leukocyte-telomere-length-variation-in-different-stages-of-schizophrenia
#5
Pawan Kumar Maurya, Lucas Bortolotto Rizzo, Gabriela Xavier, Priscila Farias Tempaku, Vanessa Kiyomi Ota, Marcos L Santoro, Letícia M Spíndola, Patrícia S Moretti, Diego R Mazzotti, Ary Gadelha, Eduardo S Gouvea, Cristiano Noto, Michael Maes, Quirino Cordeiro, Rodrigo A Bressan, Elisa Brietzke, Sintia Iole Belangero
Recent research has demonstrated that telomere maintenance might be a key integrating point for the cumulative effect of genetic and environmental factors in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and schizophrenia (SCZ). Eighty-one participants with antipsychotic-naïve FEP, 173 with SCZ and 438 HC were enrolled in this study. Psychiatric diagnosis was assessed using the Semi-Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis-I (SCID-I). The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) were used to measure symptoms severity...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#6
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102308/suicidal-ideation-in-a-community-derived-sample-of-spanish-adolescents
#7
Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Félix Inchausti, Laura Pérez-Gutiérrez, Rebeca Aritio Solana, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, M ª Ángeles Sánchez-García, Beatriz Lucas-Molina, César Domínguez, David Foncea, Virginia Espinosa, Ana Gorría, Elena Urbiola-Merina, Marta Fernández, Carmen Merina Díaz, Carmen Gutiérrez, Marta Aures, María S Campos, Elena Domínguez-Garrido, Alicia Pérez de Albéniz Iturriaga
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a current public health problem and among the main causes of mortality in adolescents and young adults. The main goal of this study was to analyse suicidal ideation in a representative sample of Spanish adolescents. Specifically, the prevalence rates of suicide ideation, the psychometric properties of the Paykel Suicide Scale (PSS) scores, and the socio-emotional adjustment of adolescents at risk for suicide were analysed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 1,664 participants (M=16...
October 26, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100154/oxytocin-plasma-levels-predict-the-outcome-of-psychotherapy-a-pilot-study-in-chronic-depression
#8
A Jobst, L Sabaß, D Hall, B Brücklmeier, A Buchheim, J Hall, N Sarubin, P Zill, P Falkai, E-L Brakemeier, F Padberg
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin is associated with bonding and social deficits in psychiatric disorders and has also been discussed as a potential therapeutic intervention to augment psychotherapy. The Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) is a specific form of psychotherapy for chronic depression, an illness in which interpersonal deficits play a major role. In this pilot study, we investigated whether Oxytocin plasma levels predict the clinical outcome of chronic depressive patients after CBASP...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098870/outcomes-of-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-for-adolescents-a-multiple-perspectives-evaluation
#9
YingMin Lee, Peter Martin, Pippa Hembry, Simon Lewis
Adolescent inpatient psychiatric treatment was evaluated from the multiple perspectives of clinicians, young people and parents using standardised measures and goal-based outcomes (GBOs). The sample included cases ( N = 128) discharged from a London adolescent unit between April 2009 and December 2015. Measures were completed at admission and discharge, and change in ratings was analysed to assess treatment outcomes. Ratings of clinicians and young people on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) were compared...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097970/the-construct-of-the-schizophrenia-quality-of-life-scale-revision-4-for-the-population-of-taiwan
#10
Chia-Ting Su, Ai-Lun Yang, Chung-Ying Lin
This study examines the factor structure of the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale Revision 4 (SQLS-R4) for inpatients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric hospital in southern Taiwan. All the participants (n = 100) filled out the SQLS-R4, Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) under the supervision of one experienced occupational therapist. Using confirmatory factor analysis, we first determined that a 29-item model was more satisfactory than the original 33-item model based on the findings of better fit indices for the 29-item model...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093347/comparative-utility-of-atypical-antipsychotics-for-the-treatment-of-psychosis-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-network-meta-analysis
#11
Ryo Iketani, Yohei Kawasaki, Hiroshi Yamada
We performed a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis to determine atypical antipsychotics that are effective and safe for the treatment of psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PD). We conducted a comprehensive literature search using PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Japana Centra Revuo Medicina (Ichu-shi Web). We used randomized controlled trials evaluating the utility of atypical antipsychotics for the treatment of psychosis in PD using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Unified PD rating Scale parts III (UPDRS-III) as the endpoints...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089909/effects-of-anterior-capsulotomy-on-decision-making-in-patients-with-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Chencheng Zhang, Yilin Chen, Shuaiwei Tian, Tao Wang, Yile Xie, Haiyan Jin, Guozhen Lin, Hengfen Gong, Kristina Zeljic, Bomin Sun, Tianming Yang, Shikun Zhan
Despite various lines of evidence implicating impaired decision-making ability in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), neuropsychological investigation has generated inconsistent findings. Although the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) circuitry has been suggested, the involvement of the cortex has not yet been fully demonstrated. Moreover, it is unknown whether surgical intervention on the CSTC circuitry results in a predicted improvement of decision-making ability of OCD. Here we present a study of decision making based on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) to investigate decision making in a large sample of individuals with treatment-resistant OCD with and without anterior capsulotomy (AC)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084129/analysis-of-incidents-of-violence-in-a-large-italian-hospital
#13
Dimitri Sossai, Francesco Stefano Molina, Mario Amore, Giovanna Ferrandes, Elena Sarcletti, Gabriella Biffa, Simone Accorsi, Martino Belvederi Murri, Marzia Jole Tomellini, Francesco Copello
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the rate of non-fatal violence events, from 20.65/10,000 in 2012 to 22.81/10,000 in 2014, was observed at the IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and outcome of the phenomenon of violence, by identifying the type of aggressive event and the ward in which it occurred, assuming that the occurrence is evenly distributed and not only limited to the psychiatric or to the emergency department...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071764/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-vilazodone-for-adult-separation-anxiety-disorder
#14
Franklin R Schneier, Danielle M Moskow, Tse-Hwei Choo, Hanga Galfalvy, Raphael Campeas, Arturo Sanchez-Lacay
BACKGROUND: Separation anxiety disorder was recently recognized by fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a diagnosis in adults, but no publications to date have characterized a sample of patients seeking treatment for adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) or assessed treatment efficacy. We hypothesized that vilazodone, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin 1a (5HT1a ) receptor partial agonist, would have efficacy in ASAD, because SSRIs have appeared efficacious in children with mixed diagnoses including separation anxiety disorder and in animal models of separation anxiety...
October 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069106/the-impact-of-anonymity-on-psychiatric-patients-ratings-of-satisfaction-with-the-initial-evaluation
#15
Mark Zimmerman, Carolina Guzman Holst, Lucille B Mehring, Sumi Moon, Arnaldo Berges
BACKGROUND: Preserving anonymity is believed to yield more honest appraisals of patient satisfaction, although the data addressing this issue are sparse. The goal of this study from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project was to determine the impact of anonymity on patient satisfaction ratings after the initial evaluation. METHODS: The Clinically Useful Patient Satisfaction Scale (CUPSS) is a brief, self-administered questionnaire assessing patients' satisfaction with the initial evaluation...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066900/abnormal-functional-connectivity-of-the-posterior-cingulate-cortex-is-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Jiangtao Zhang, Zhongwei Guo, Xiaozheng Liu, Xize Jia, Jiapeng Li, Yaoyao Li, Danmei Lv, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are significant and very common psychiatric complications in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), which can aggravate the decline in social function. However, changes in the functional connectivity (FC) of the brain in AD patients with depressive symptoms (D-AD) remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether any differences exist in the FC of the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) between D-AD patients and non-depressed AD patients (nD-AD)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064136/pyridoxamine-a-novel-treatment-for-schizophrenia-with-enhanced-carbonyl-stress
#17
Masanari Itokawa, Mitsuhiro Miyashita, Makoto Arai, Takashi Dan, Katsuyoshi Takahashi, Taro Tokunaga, Kayo Ishimoto, Kazuya Toriumi, Tomoe Ichikawa, Yasue Horiuchi, Akiko Kobori, Satoshi Usami, Takeo Yoshikawa, Naoji Amano, Shinsuke Washizuka, Yuji Okazaki, Toshio Miyata
AIM: The aim of this clinical trial was to obtain proof of concept for high-dose pyridoxamine as a novel treatment for schizophrenia with enhanced carbonyl stress. METHODS: Ten Japanese schizophrenia patients with high plasma pentosidine, which is a representative biomarker of enhanced carbonyl stress, were recruited in a 24 week, open trial in which high-dose pyridoxamine (ranging from 1200 to 2400 mg/day) was administered using a conventional anti-psychotic regimen...
October 24, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061438/symptom-profile-of-catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents-admitted-to-psychiatry-inpatient-unit
#18
Sandeep Grover, Nidhi Chauhan, Akhilesh Sharma, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To study the symptom profile of catatonia in children and adolescents. METHODOLOGY: Treatment records of all the inpatients aged (≤19 years) were reviewed for the period January 2005 to January 2017. Patients with catatonia (diagnosed as having at least two symptoms as per the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating scale) were included. RESULTS: During the study period, data was available for 52 children and adolescent. The mean age of the sample was 16...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061132/depression-among-inmates-in-a-regional-prison-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Gambhir Shrestha, Deepak Kumar Yadav, Nidesh Sapkota, Dharanidhar Baral, Birendra Kumar Yadav, Avaniendra Chakravartty, Paras Kumar Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common form of mental disorder among inmates, with a prevalence much higher than in the general population. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of depression among inmates and identify factors associated with it. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jhumka Regional Prison, the largest prison in eastern Nepal, from September 2014 to August 2015. A total of 434 randomly selected inmates were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire examining socio-demographic characteristics, detention status, self-reported health problems, substance use status, and suicidal ideation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053987/the-role-of-executive-functions-and-psychiatric-symptom-severity-in-the-allen-cognitive-levels
#20
Sarah Schubmehl, Samuel H Barkin, Doug Cort
This study examined the relationship between Allen Cognitive Level (ACL) and psychiatric symptom severity, level of nursing support required to complete activities of daily living (ADLs), and post-hospitalization discharge disposition in a sample of 193 acute psychiatric inpatients. A subsample of 31 participants with acute psychotic disorders were administered three measures of executive functioning in order to examine the convergent validity between ACL and basic sequencing and shifting, phonemic fluency, and visuospatial construction...
October 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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