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Psychiatric Rating Scales

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207519/influence-of-sleep-disorders-on-somatic-symptoms-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#1
Ya Jiang, Yu-Rong Tang, Chen Xie, Ting Yu, Wen-Jie Xiong, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in CC patients, and it is positively related to greater somatic and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: The participants were 126 adult outpatients with CC. The measures were: constipation-Constipation Scoring System (CSS) and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM); sleep-Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); anxiety-General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7); depression-Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); and QOL-Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) and SF-36...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199071/effect-of-antipsychotic-type-and-dose-changes-on-tardive-dyskinesia-and-parkinsonism-severity-in-patients-with-a-serious-mental-illness-the-cura%C3%A3-ao-extrapyramidal-syndromes-study-xii
#2
Charlotte L Mentzel, P Roberto Bakker, Jim van Os, Marjan Drukker, Glenn E Matroos, Hans W Hoek, Marina A J Tijssen, Peter N van Harten
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of current treatment recommendations for parkinsonism and tardive dyskinesia (TD) severity in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). METHODS: We present an 18-year prospective study including all 223 patients with SMI (as defined by the 1987 US National Institute of Mental Health, which were based on DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria) receiving care from the only psychiatric hospital of the former Netherlands Antilles. Eight clinical assessments (1992-2009) focused on movement disorders and medication use...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#3
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195954/test-retest-reliability-of-traumatic-brain-injury-outcome-measures-a-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#4
Jennifer A Bogner, Gale G Whiteneck, Jessica MacDonald, Shannon B Juengst, Allen W Brown, Angela M Philippus, Jennifer H Marwitz, Jeannie Lengenfelder, Dave Mellick, Patricia Arenth, John D Corrigan
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the test-retest reliability of measures that comprise the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems follow-up data set. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 224 persons with a moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database. DESIGN: Following standard administration of the follow-up interview, a second interview was administered 14 to 28 days later using the same interviewer and the same mode of administration...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182110/a-preliminary-study-of-patient-dignity-inventory-validation-among-patients-hospitalized-in-an-acute-psychiatric-ward
#5
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Giulio Cabri, Eleonora Carretti, Giacomo Galli, Nina Giambalvo, Giulia Rioli, Serena Saraceni, Giulia Spiga, Cinzia Del Giovane, Paola Ferri
PURPOSE: To investigate the perception of dignity among patients hospitalized in a psychiatric setting using the Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI), which had been first validated in oncologic field among terminally ill patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After having modified two items, we administered the Italian version of PDI to all patients hospitalized in a public psychiatric ward (Service of Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment of a northern Italian town), who provided their consent and completed it at discharge, from October 21, 2015 to May 31, 2016...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179043/measurement-of-agitation-and-aggression-in-adult-and-aged-neuropsychiatric-patients-review-of-definitions-and-frequently-used-measurement-scales
#6
Ladislav Volicer, Leslie Citrome, Jan Volavka
Agitation and aggression in adult psychiatric patients with psychoses and in persons with dementia increase the burden of disease and frequently cause hospitalization. The implementation of currently available management strategies and the development of new ones is hindered by inconsistent terminology that confuses agitation with aggression. This confusion is maintained by many rating scales that fail to distinguish between these two syndromes. We review the frequently used rating scales with a particular focus on their ability to separate agitation from aggression...
February 9, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177952/clinical-factors-related-to-acute-electroconvulsive-therapy-outcome-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Cheng-Chung Chen, Ching-Hua Lin, Wei-Cheng Yang, Ming-Chao Chen
The aim of this study was to explore the significant predictors associated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) outcome for patients with major depressive disorder. Major depressive disorder inpatients (N=130) requiring ECT were recruited from a major psychiatric center in South Taiwan. ECT was generally performed for a maximum of 12 sessions. Symptom severity was assessed using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) and Clinical Global Impression of Severity (CGI-S) before ECT, after every three ECT sessions, and after the last ECT...
February 7, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176208/needs-perceived-support-and-hospital-readmissions-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#8
Jose Guzman-Parra, Berta Moreno-Küstner, Fabio Rivas, Mercedes Alba-Vallejo, Javier Hernandez-Pedrosa, Fermin Mayoral-Cleries
People with severe mental illness have multiple and complex needs that often are not addressed. The purpose of this study was to analyse needs and support perceived and the relationship with hospital readmission. We assessed 100 patients with severe mental illness at discharge from an acute inpatient unit in terms of needs (Camberwell Assessment of Needs), clinical status (The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale), and social functioning (Personal and Social Performance); we also followed up these patients for 1 year...
February 7, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162086/adult-adhd-is-associated-with-gambling-severity-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers
#9
Laura Brandt, Gabriele Fischer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is as follows: (a) exploring retrospective childhood and adult ADHD symptomatology in treatment-seeking gamblers, (b) providing detailed characteristics of the association between pathological gambling (PG) and ADHD, and (c) identifying risk factors for a history of ADHD. METHOD: Eighty problem gamblers (20% female) were examined using a standardized interview (PG: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [4th ed.; DSM-IV] criteria, Gambling Attitudes and Beliefs Survey; ADHD: Wender Utah Rating Scale- deutsche Kurzform, Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale; comorbidities: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161644/gray-matter-volumes-may-predict-the-clinical-response-to-paliperidone-palmitate-long-acting-in-acute-psychosis-a-pilot-longitudinal-neuroimaging-study
#10
A Carlo Altamura, Giuseppe Delvecchio, Silvia Paletta, Chiara Di Pace, Alessandra Reggiori, Alessio Fiorentini, M Donatella Mirabile, Riccardo A Paoli, Claudia Cinnante, Fabio Triulzi, Massimo C Mauri, Paolo Brambilla
In schizophrenia, paliperidone palmitate (PP) long acting injectable (LAI) has been reported to sustain plasma concentrations and improve clinical symptoms. Moreover, it has also been demonstrated the important role of total gray matter (GM) volumes in predicting the clinical outcome. However, no studies investigating the association between PP-LAI treatment and brain morphometry has been published so far. Therefore, the main aim of our 24 weeks prospective observational exploratory study was to investigate the relation between brain anatomy and clinical outcome in seven patients with acute psychosis treated with PP-LAI...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160378/job-satisfaction-and-resilience-in-psychiatric-nurses-a-study-at-the-institute-of-mental-health-singapore
#11
Zhimin Zheng, Poornima Gangaram, Huiting Xie, Stephanie Chua, Samantha Bee Cheng Ong, Sioh Eng Koh
Job satisfaction ranks highly as one of the main factors influencing turnover rates among nurses. Mental health nursing has been reported to be a particularly stressful specialty, yet little is known about the level of job satisfaction among psychiatric nurses in Singapore. Resilience is defined as a means of adapting to stress at the workplace, and could serve as a factor influencing job satisfaction. The present study aimed to explore the current level of job satisfaction among psychiatric nurses working in the only tertiary psychiatric institution in Singapore, the influencing factors, and the relationship between resilience and job satisfaction...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159440/one-year-sobriety-improves-satisfaction-with-life-executive-functions-and-psychological-distress-among-patients-with-polysubstance-use-disorder
#12
Egon Hagen, Aleksander H Erga, Katrin P Hagen, Sverre M Nesvåg, James R McKay, Astri J Lundervold, Espen Walderhaug
INTRODUCTION: Polysubstance use disorder is prevalent in treatment-seeking patients with substance use disorder (SUD), with a higher risk of developing comorbid psychiatric symptoms, more pervasive deficits in cognitive functions, and inferior treatment results. The present study investigates if individuals with polysubstance use disorder who achieve at least one year of abstinence show greater improvements in satisfaction with life, executive functions, and psychological distress, compared to relapsers and controls...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159351/standardized-evaluation-of-candidates-before-liver-transplantation-with-the-transplant-evaluation-rating-scale
#13
Yesim Erim, Jennifer Scheel, Mingo Beckmann, Christian-Georg Klein, Andreas Paul
BACKGROUND: The Transplant Evaluation Rating Scale (TERS) was developed to provide a standardized evaluation of the psychosocial functioning of patients, before transplantation. Yet, the first 2 items of the TERS are based on psychiatric diagnoses referring to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-III-R, which leads to a duplication of disorder-specific and symptom-specific contents, that makes it complex to rate. Moreover, the TERS has not been updated to DSM revisions and DSM is not used for the official clinical routine documentation in several European countries...
November 17, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159060/gender-differences-in-the-incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-hip-fracture-a-16-year-longitudinal-study-in-a-southern-european-population
#14
Elena Lobo, Guillermo Marcos, Javier Santabárbara, Helena Salvador-Rosés, Luis Lobo-Escolar, Concepción De la Cámara, Alberto Aso, Antonio Lobo-Escolar
OBJECTIVES: To analyze independently in men and women the incidence rate of and risk factors for hip fracture in a southern European population. Illiteracy, dementia, clinically significant depression and disability were factors to receive special emphasis. STUDY DESIGN: A community sample of 4803 individuals aged over 55 years was assessed in a two-phase case-finding study in Zaragoza, Spain, and was followed up for 16 years. Medical history and psychiatric history were collected with standardized instruments, including the History and Aetiology Schedule, the Geriatric Mental State (GMS) scale, and a Risk Factors Questionnaire...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156502/symptom-distress-and-patterns-of-palliative-care-referral-among-oncology-outpatients
#15
Craig D Blinderman
: 185 Background: The early implementation of palliative care services is recognized as an important aspect of oncologic care. However, rates of referral to palliative care services among oncology patients are still low, and the decision to refer is frequently at the discretion of the treating oncologist or by patient request. We sought to better identify the patterns of referral to outpatient palliative care, as well as patient symptom burden in an effort to target early and high-yield palliative care interventions...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154786/social-cognition-executive-functions-and-self-report-of-psychological-distress-in-huntington-s-disease
#16
Ida Unmack Larsen, Tua Vinther-Jensen, Jørgen Erik Nielsen, Anders Gade, Asmus Vogel
OBJECTIVE: Huntington's disease (HD) is characterized by motor symptoms, psychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairment in, inter alia, executive functions and social cognition. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between subjective feeling of psychological distress using a self-report questionnaire and performances on tests of executive functions and social cognition in a large consecutive cohort of HD patients. METHOD: 50 manifest HD patients were tested in social cognition and executive functions and each answered a self-report questionnaire about current status of perceived psychological distress (the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R))...
December 28, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151703/the-child-behavior-checklist-obsessive-compulsive-subscale-detects-severe-psychopathology-and-behavioral-problems-among-school-aged-children
#17
Laura O Saad, Maria C do Rosario, Raony C Cesar, Marcelo C Bastituzzo, Marcelo Q Hoexter, Gisele G Manfro, Roseli G Shavitt, James F Leckman, Eurípedes C Miguel, Pedro G Alvarenga
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) dimensionally in a school-aged community sample and to correlate them with clinical and demographical variables; (2) to determine a subgroup with significant OCS ("at-risk for OCD") using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-OCS) and (3) to compare it with the rest of the sample; (4) To review the CBCL-OCS subscale properties as a screening tool for pediatric OCD. METHODS: Data from the Brazilian High Risk Cohort were analyzed...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148729/psychiatric-disorders-in-adolescents-with-single-ventricle-congenital-heart-disease
#18
David R DeMaso, Johanna Calderon, George A Taylor, Jennifer E Holland, Christian Stopp, Matthew T White, David C Bellinger, Michael J Rivkin, David Wypij, Jane W Newburger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental health outcomes for survivors of critical congenital heart disease (CHD) remain under-investigated. We sought to examine psychiatric disorders and psychosocial functioning in adolescents with single ventricle CHD and to explore whether patient-related risk factors predict dysfunction. METHODS: This cohort study recruited 156 adolescents with single ventricle CHD who underwent the Fontan procedure and 111 healthy referents. Participants underwent comprehensive psychiatric evaluation including a clinician-rated psychiatric interview and parent- and self-report ratings of anxiety, disruptive behavior, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and depressive symptoms...
February 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143492/a-longitudinal-study-of-associations-between-psychiatric-symptoms-and-disorders-and-cerebral-gray-matter-volumes-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#19
Violeta L Botellero, Jon Skranes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Asta Kristine Håberg, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik, Marit Martinussen
BACKGROUND: Being born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW ≤ 1500 g) poses a risk for cortical and subcortical gray matter (GM) abnormalities, as well as for having more psychiatric problems during childhood and adolescence than term-born individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cortical and subcortical GM volumes and the course of psychiatric disorders during adolescence in VLBW individuals. METHODS: We followed VLBW individuals and term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile) from 15 (VLBW;controls n = 40;56) to 19 (n = 44;60) years of age...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142084/childhood-social-adversity-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-in-a-us-national-sample
#20
Emma Björkenstam, Anne R Pebley, Bo Burström, Kyriaki Kosidou
OBJECTIVE: Childhood social adversity has been associated with an increased risk of depression and other psychiatric disorders in adolescence and early adulthood. However, the role of timing and accumulation of adversities has not yet been established in longitudinal studies. We examined the association between childhood adversities and adolescent depressive symptoms, and the impact of timing and accumulation of adversity. METHOD: Longitudinal data were obtained from the Child Development Supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (n=2223), a nationally representative survey of US families that incorporates data from parents and their children...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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