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Psychiatric Rating Scales

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930768/a-6-month-prospective-trial-of-a-personalized-behavioral-intervention-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotic-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-at-risk-of-treatment-nonadherence-and-homelessness
#1
Martha Sajatovic, Luis F Ramirez, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Jamie Cage, Curtis Tatsuoka, Michelle E Aebi, Ashley Bukach, Kristin A Cassidy, Jennifer B Levin
PURPOSE: Long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAI) can optimize adherence for high-risk serious mental illness (SMI). This customized adherence-enhancement approach delivered by social worker interventionists was combined with LAI (CAE-L) of paliperidone palmitate for homeless, poorly adherent individuals with SMI. METHODS: This 6-month prospective, uncontrolled trial of CAE-L in 30 recently homeless individuals with SMI assessed adherence using the Tablets Routine Questionnaire, injection frequency, and SMI symptoms measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and Clinical Global Impressions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924450/comorbidities-and-correlates-of-conduct-disorder-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea
#2
Bum-Sung Choi, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea. METHODS: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918859/a-preliminary-study-of-bipolar-disorder-type-i-by-mass-spectrometry-based-serum-lipidomics
#3
Henrique C Ribeiro, Aline Klassen, Mariana Pedrini, Michelle S Carvalho, Lucas B Rizzo, Mariane N Noto, Maiara Zeni-Graiff, Sumit Sethi, Francisco A H Fonseca, Ljubica Tasic, Mirian A F Hayashi, Quirino Cordeiro, Elisa Brietzke, Alessandra Sussulini
The present study aimed at investigating possible alterations in the serum lipid profile of euthymic patients with bipolar disorder type I (BD) compared to healthy controls (HC). Thirty-five individuals from both genders were recruited, with 14 diagnosed and treated as BD patients (BD group) and 21 healthy subjects (HC group). Clinical assessment was based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and 17-items of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) data, which were used to confirm diagnosis, to verify psychiatric comorbidities, and to estimate the severity of manic and depressive symptoms...
August 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918719/is-the-prevalence-of-mental-illness-increasing-in-australia-evidence-from-national-health-surveys-and-administrative-data-2001-2014
#4
Samuel B Harvey, Mark Deady, Min-Jung Wang, Arnstein Mykletun, Peter Butterworth, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in the prevalence rates of probable common mental disorders (CMDs) and in rates of disability support pensions (DSPs) for people with psychiatric disorders in Australia between 2001 and 2014. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Secondary analysis of data from five successive Australian national health surveys of representative samples of the working age population (18-65 years of age) and national data on DSP recipients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of probable CMDs with very high symptom level (defined by a Kessler Psychological Distress Scale [K10] score of 30 or more) or with high symptom level (K10 score of 22 or more); the proportion of working age Australians receiving DSPs for psychiatric conditions...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904912/assessment-of-anxiety-level-of-emergency-health-care-workers-by-generalized-anxiety-disorder-7-tool
#5
Nesrin Alharthy, Osama Abdulrahman Alrajeh, Mohammed Almutairi, Ahmed Alhajri
BACKGROUND: Dealing with emergency patients is considered to be a stressful situation to all health-care workers in the emergency department (ED). Prolonged stress predispose to physical and inconsequential psychiatric disturbances. Anxiety and depressive mode were found to be the most commonly experienced psychiatric manifestation among emergency health-care workers. The aim of this study is to screen and assess the severity of anxiety among health professionals working in ED. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design was used...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902068/factors-affecting-suicide-method-lethality-among-suicide-attempters-in-the-korea-national-suicide-survey
#6
Tae-Sung Yeum, Bora Kim, Eun Young Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Kyooseob Ha, Yong Min Ahn
This is the first national survey study in South Korea investigating the relationship between suicide lethality and the clinical information of suicide attempters. An interview questionnaire was used to assess their sociodemographic factors, medical and psychiatric information, and two suicide scales, the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale and the Suicide Intent Scale. Suicide methods were categorized as low and high lethality; low lethality covered drug overdose or self-cutting behavior, and high lethality covered all other methods...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898879/comparison-of-clomethiazole-and-diazepam-in-the-treatment-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome-in-clinical-practice
#7
Hannah Sychla, Gerhard Gründer, Sarah Edith Lammertz
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the effectivity and tolerability of diazepam and clomethiazole in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) in a large clinical sample. METHODS: The data of 566 patients admitted to an intensive care psychiatric unit in Germany (2010-2014) were evaluated. The course of withdrawal was analyzed on a matched sample (n = 152) consisting of a diazepam group (n = 76) and a clomethiazole group (n = 76)...
September 13, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885089/non-suicidal-self-injury-elevates-suicide-risk-among-united-states-military-personnel-with-lifetime-attempted-suicide
#8
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: Military psychiatric inpatients with and without a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), combined with a history of at least one suicide attempt, were compared on suicide ideation severity, number of suicide attempts, and Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide variables. METHODS: Data was derived from baseline assessments performed in a psychotherapy randomized controlled trial. Lifetime history of NSSI and lifetime number of suicide attempts were assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS; Posner et al...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870646/psychopathological-dimensions-and-the-clinician-s-subjective-experience
#9
Angelo Picardi, Mauro Pallagrosi, Laura Fonzi, Massimo Biondi
Classical psychopathology highly valued the interaction between clinician and patient, and recent findings have provided preliminary evidence of an association between categorical psychiatric diagnosis and the clinician's subjective experience during the first clinical assessment. To extend these findings, the present study examined the relationship between psychopathological dimensions and clinicians' subjective experiences. The study involved 45 clinicians and 783 patients in several psychiatric inpatient and outpatient units...
August 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867427/prevalence-and-effectiveness-of-psychiatric-treatments-for-patients-with-ibd-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Ilaria Tarricone, Maria Giulia Regazzi, Giulia Bonucci, Fernando Rizzello, Giovanni Carini, Roberto Muratori, Gilberto Poggioli, Massimo Campieri
OBJECTIVES: Higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, has been found in people with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis compared to the general population. Nowadays, international guidelines advocate psychotherapy and psycho-pharmacological treatments as playing an important role in IBD care. The main goal of this systematic literature review was summarize the evidence on the utilization and effectiveness of treatments for depression and anxiety in persons with IBD...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859877/the-effect-of-stimulus-strength-on-binocular-rivalry-rate-in-healthy-individuals-implications-for-genetic-clinical-and-individual-differences-studies
#11
Phillip C F Law, Steven M Miller, Trung T Ngo
Binocular rivalry (BR) occurs when conflicting images concurrently presented to corresponding retinal locations of each eye stochastically alternate in perception. Anomalies of BR rate have been examined in a range of clinical psychiatric conditions. In particular, slow BR rate has been proposed as an endophenotype for bipolar disorder (BD) to improve power in large-scale genome-wide association studies. Examining the validity of BR rate as a BD endophenotype however requires large-scale datasets (n=1000s to 10,000s), a standardized testing protocol, and optimization of stimulus parameters to maximize separation between BD and healthy groups...
August 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859585/prevalence-of-serious-emotional-disturbance-among-u-s-children-a-meta-analysis
#12
Nathaniel J Williams, Lysandra Scott, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence estimates of child psychiatric disorders with severe impairment vary widely, and there is a critical need for precise estimates to inform clinical practice and policy in the United States. This study presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based U.S. studies estimating the prevalence of youths with serious emotional disturbance (SED), as defined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. METHODS: Studies were identified through searches of the MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases and nine prior reviews...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858633/effects-of-microvascular-decompression-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-prospective-cohort-study-focused-on-risk-factors-and-prognosis
#13
Jian Cheng, Jiang Long, Xuhui Hui, Ding Lei, Heng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) often develop a terrible fear of triggering pain, which may lead to depression and anxiety, exerting a negative effect on their quality of life. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression and anxiety in TN patients, and further to investigate the effects of microvascular decompression (MVD) on these psychiatric disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted, patients with TN who underwent MVD in our department between 2013 and 2015 were included...
October 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857740/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-community-led-antipsychotic-drug-reduction-for-adults-with-learning-disabilities
#14
Rachel McNamara, Elizabeth Randell, David Gillespie, Fiona Wood, David Felce, Renee Romeo, Lianna Angel, Aude Espinasse, Kerry Hood, Amy Davies, Andrea Meek, Katy Addison, Glyn Jones, Paul Deslandes, David Allen, Martin Knapp, Ajay Thapar, Michael Kerr
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that approximately 50,000 adults with learning disabilities (LDs) in England and Wales are currently prescribed antipsychotic medication. Illness in this population is common, including significant rates of challenging behaviour and mental illness, but there is particular concern over the use of antipsychotics prescribed for reasons other than the treatment of psychosis. Control of challenging behaviour is the primary reason why such medications are prescribed despite the absence of good evidence for any therapeutic effect for this purpose...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852243/genealogy-study-of-three-generations-of-patients-with-bipolar-mood-disorder-type-i
#15
Bahman Salehi, Sara Khoz, Bahman Sadeghi, Manouchehr Amanat, Mona Salehi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this research is genealogy examination of three generation of bipolar mood disorder Type I patients. METHODS: Patients selected using Poisson sampling method from 100 patients with bipolar mood disorder Type I, referring to a psychiatric center of Amir Kabir Hospital of Arak, Iran. Examine issues such as physical ailments, psychological review of living and deceased family members of each patient, drawn family pedigree using pedigree chart, check the relationship of the different pattern of the autosomal dominant and recessive disease, sex-linked dominant and recessive and linked to Y chromosome have been performed on patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852239/physical-comorbidity-and-its-impact-on-symptom-profile-of-depression-among-elderly-patients-attending-psychiatry-services-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#16
Sandeep Grover, Eish Dalla, Aseem Mehra, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of physical comorbidities among elderly patients with depression attending psychiatric services and the secondary aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of physical comorbidities on symptom profile of depression. METHODOLOGY: 140 patients with a diagnosis of depression as per the International Classification of Diseases-10 criteria were evaluated on Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and a physical comorbidity checklist...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852238/anxiety-treatment-of-opioid-dependent-patients-with-buprenorphine-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#17
Jamshid Ahmadi, Mina Sefidfard Jahromi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the impact of vary doses of buprenorphine on anxiety symptoms in opioid-dependent inpatients over a 7 days period, using a randomized controlled trial design. DESIGN: Patients were randomized to three groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen men who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria for both opioid use disorder and generalized anxiety disorder and were seeking for treatment...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845923/clinical-rating-scale-for-pantothenate-kinase-associated-neurodegeneration-a-pilot-study
#18
Alejandra Darling, Cristina Tello, María Josep Martí, Cristina Garrido, Sergio Aguilera-Albesa, Miguel Tomás Vila, Itziar Gastón, Marcos Madruga, Luis González Gutiérrez, Julio Ramos Lizana, Montserrat Pujol, Tania Gavilán Iglesias, Kylee Tustin, Jean Pierre Lin, Giovanna Zorzi, Nardo Nardocci, Loreto Martorell, Gustavo Lorenzo Sanz, Fuencisla Gutiérrez, Pedro J García, Lidia Vela, Carlos Hernández Lahoz, Juan Darío Ortigoza Escobar, Laura Martí Sánchez, Fradique Moreira, Miguel Coelho, Leonor Correia Guedes, Ana Castro Caldas, Joaquim Ferreira, Paula Pires, Cristina Costa, Paulo Rego, Marina Magalhães, María Stamelou, Daniel Cuadras Pallejà, Carmen Rodríguez-Blazquez, Pablo Martínez-Martín, Vincenzo Lupo, Leonidas Stefanis, Roser Pons, Carmen Espinós, Teresa Temudo, Belén Pérez Dueñas
BACKGROUND: Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration is a progressive neurological disorder occurring in both childhood and adulthood. The objective of this study was to design and pilot-test a disease-specific clinical rating scale for the assessment of patients with pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration. METHODS: In this international cross-sectional study, patients were examined at the referral centers following a standardized protocol. The motor examination was filmed, allowing 3 independent specialists in movement disorders to analyze 28 patients for interrater reliability assessment...
August 28, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845167/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms
#19
Seon-Kyeong Jang, Seon-Cheol Park, Kee-Hong Choi, Jung-Seo Yi, Joong-Kyu Park, Jung Suk Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) has recently been developed to improve measurement of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. We performed a multi-center study to validate the Korean version of the CAINS (CAINS-K) and explore potential cultural variation. METHODS: One hundred eighty schizophrenia patients diverse in demographic and illness profile were recruited from four centers in Korea. Along with the CAINS-K, the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), a self-report measure of behavioral inhibition and activation (BIS/BAS) and neurocognitive tasks were administered to verify external validities...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843401/dystonia-then-and-now
#20
Cynthia L Comella
INTRODUCTION: Dystonia is a rare disorder that has undergone extensive scientific investigation leading to a transformation of understanding over the past century. METHODS: This manuscript was prepared through a review of relevant literature for each topic. RESULTS: Historically dystonia was considered the manifestation of psychiatric disorders. Subsequently, investigations have firmly established this as a neurological disorder. Though electrophysiological and imaging, dystonia is thought to arise from a loss inhibition of motor programs, defective sensorimotor integration and abnormal plasticity...
June 30, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
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