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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816509/shp465-mixed-amphetamine-salts-in-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#1
Matthew Brams, Ann C Childress, Michael Greenbaum, Ming Yu, Brian Yan, Margo Jaffee, Brigitte Robertson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts (MAS) in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This randomized, double-blind dose-optimization study enrolled children and adolescents (6-17 years) meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision ADHD criteria and having baseline ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS-IV) total scores ≥28...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806385/a-naturalistic-comparison-of-methylphenidate-and-risperidone-monotherapy-in-drug-naive-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbid-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-and-aggression
#2
Gabriele Masi, Azzurra Manfredi, Giulia Nieri, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Pfanner, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are frequently co-occurring in youth, but data about the pharmacological management of this comorbidity are scarce, especially when impulsive aggression is prominent. Although stimulants are the first-line medication for ADHD, second-generation antipsychotics, namely, risperidone, are frequently used. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with the stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and risperidone in a consecutive sample of 40 drug-naive male youths diagnosed as having ADHD-combined presentation, comorbid with ODD and aggression, without psychiatric comorbidities, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria and a structured clinical interview (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805761/-treatment-of-depression-complicated-by-abuse-and-dependence-on-alcohol
#3
N N Ivanets, O V Lavrinenko, T N Maximova
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of different treatment regimens of depression complicated by abuse and dependence on alcohol and to identify the most effective tactics of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred patients with depression were studied. Examination of patients was conducted using clinical-psychopathological method, the MADRS (at admission, on the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 6th week of treatment) and CGI scale (in the beginning of treatment and on 6th week)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800334/baseline-predictors-of-antipsychotic-treatment-continuation-and-response-at-week-8-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-with-psychosis-or-aggressive-symptoms-an-analysis-of-the-catie-ad-study
#4
Tomoyuki Nagata, Shinichiro Nakajima, Shunichiro Shinagawa, Eric Plitman, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate predictors of atypical antipsychotic (AAP) treatment continuation and response by week 8 in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) who have psychotic/aggressive symptoms using the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness-Alzheimer's Disease (CATIE-AD) dataset. METHODS: Clinical data was utilized from 421 AD outpatients with psychotic/aggressive symptoms who needed interventional treatment...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795828/trans-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-their-caregivers-gender-presentations-peer-relations-and-well-being-at-baseline
#5
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Judith L Weiner, Cat Munroe, Abbie E Goldberg, Molly Gardner
This study, involving a community-based sample of 45 predominantly white primary caregivers of 45 trans and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children between 6 and 12 years of age, provides descriptive data on children's gender presentations, peer relations, and well-being. Most (n = 31; 69%) of the children were cross-gender identified (CGI). That is, 17 of 28 children assigned male at birth explicitly and consistently identified as girls, and 14 of 17 children assigned female at birth explicitly and consistently identified as boys...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783636/unified-blind-quality-assessment-of-compressed-natural-graphic-and-screen-content-images
#6
Xiongkuo Min, Kede Ma, Ke Gu, Guangtao Zhai, Zhou Wang, Weisi Lin
Digital images in the real-world are created by a variety of means and have diverse properties. A photographical natural scene image (NSI) may exhibit substantially different characteristics from a computer graphic image (CGI) or a screen content image (SCI). This casts major challenges to objective image quality assessment, for which existing approaches lack effective mechanisms to capture such content type variations, and thus are difficult to generalize from one type to another. To tackle this problem, we first construct a cross-content-type (CCT) database which contains 1,320 distorted NSIs, CGIs, and SCIs, compressed using the high efficiency video coding (HEVC) intra coding method and the screen content compression (SCC) extension of HEVC...
August 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777921/minimal-alteration-in-muscle-lipid-genes-following-stabilized-weight-loss
#7
Robert H Coker, Leizleigh Robinette, Philip A Kern
PURPOSE: Variations in skeletal muscle peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1∝), carntine palmitoyltransferase (CPT-1), perilipin protein (PLIN2), and adipose tissue triglyceride lipase (ATGL), and comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) have been described to play important roles in the metabolic regulation of lipid oxidation, and may influence intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and muscle lipid droplet size (LDS). While acute changes in caloric balance and/or aerobic capacity may affect lipid metabolism, the influence of sustained weight loss derived from caloric restriction (CWL) compared to exercise training (EWL) on the above mentioned parameters has not been fully elucidated...
August 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777851/-analysis-of-genomic-copy-number-variations-in-36-fetuses-with-heart-malformations-using-next-generation-sequencing
#8
Ming Gao, Hong Pang, Yanhui Zhao, Jesse Li-Ling
OBJECTIVE: To explore the implications of copy number variations (CNVs) for congenital heart diseases (CHD) in fetuses. METHODS: G-banding karyotype analysis and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology were performed on cord blood samples derived from 36 fetuses with CHD. Pathological implication of the CNVs was explored through comparison against the International Genomic Polymorphism Database (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/dgva/), Phenotype Database (http://decipher...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772145/lithium-monotherapy-associated-clinical-improvement-effects-on-amygdala-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-resting-state-connectivity-in-bipolar-disorder
#9
Murat Altinay, Harish Karne, Amit Anand
BACKGROUND: This study, for the first time, investigated lithium monotherapy associated effects on amygdala- ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vMPFC) resting-state functional connectivity and correlation with clinical improvement in bipolar disorder (BP) METHODS: Thirty-six medication-free subjects - 24 BP (12 hypomanic BPM) and 12 depressed (BPD)) and 12 closely matched healthy controls (HC), were included. BP subjects were treated with lithium and scanned at baseline, after 2 weeks and 8 weeks...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771381/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structures-of-the-korean-version-of-children-s-depression-rating-scale-revised
#10
Kyoung-Min Kim, Sojeong Nam, Jae-Won Choi, A-Hyun Jung, Soon-Beom Hong, Jun Won Kim, Soo Yeon Kim, Eunji Kim, Jae-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) is a valid instrument for the assessment of depressive symptoms in youth, but this measure is yet to be validated in Korea. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the validity of the Korean version of the CDRS-R and to determine its factor structures. METHODS: This study included 66 youths between 12 and 17 years of age who participated as part of an ongoing study investigating biomarkers of the antidepressant response and suicidal events in depressed youth...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765659/-empathy-social-cognition-and-subjective-quality-of-life-in-schizophrenia
#11
M C Martín Contero, R Secades Villa, J J López Goñi, J Tirapu Ustarroz
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with schizophrenia present empathy deficits that have been related to their poor psychosocial functioning. The objectives were: 1) analyse the relation between empathy, social cognition and quality of life in subjects diagnosed with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders; 2) eva¬luate these variables according to the severity of the features. METHODS: Forty-one patients, divided into two groups according to the level of severity, were included...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764861/silencing-of-metallothionein-1a-gene-in-melanoma
#12
Yoshimasa Nobeyama, Hidemi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: When a CpG island (CGI; a dense cluster of CpGs) located in the 5' region of a gene is methylated, its transcription is suppressed. Tumorigenesis of melanoma is associated with trace elements. Metallothionein 1A is closely associated with the metabolism of trace elements. However, little is known about the metallothionein 1A gene (MT1A) in melanoma. OBJECTIVE: The purpose is to reveal the methylation and expression status of MT1A in melanoma. METHODS: Quantitative real-time methylation-specific PCR (RT-MSP) and bisulfite sequencing were performed to examine MT1A methylation status...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750582/efficacy-and-safety-of-min-101-a-12-week-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-a-new-drug-in-development-for-the-treatment-of-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#13
Michael Davidson, Jay Saoud, Corinne Staner, Nadine Noel, Elisabeth Luthringer, Sandra Werner, Joseph Reilly, Jean-Yves Schaffhauser, Jonathan Rabinowitz, Mark Weiser, Remy Luthringer
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of MIN-101, a compound with affinities for sigma-2 and 5-HT2A receptors and no direct dopamine affinities, in comparison with placebo in treating negative symptoms in stabilized patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: The trial enrolled 244 patients who had been symptomatically stable for at least 3 months and had scores of at least 20 on the negative subscale of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741976/fampridine-response-in-ms-patients-with-gait-impairment-in-a-real-world-setting-need-for-new-response-criteria
#14
Francisco Alejandro Rodriguez-Leal, Rocco Haase, Katja Thomas, Judith Christina Eisele, Undine Proschmann, Thorsten Schultheiss, Raimar Kern, Tjalf Ziemssen
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this real-world study was to describe the response to fampridine and changes of gait parameters in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' walking disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): 4-7) after treatment with fampridine for 2 weeks as recommended by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and compare it with the overall physician's judgement. METHODS: A total of 211 adult MS patients were analyzed using a multimodal gait assessment including the timed 25-foot walk test (T25FW), 2-minute walking test (2-MWT), 12-item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12), the GAITRite electronic walkway system, and the patients' clinical global impression (CGI)...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741044/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-asenapine-compared-with-olanzapine-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Paola Bozzatello, Paola Rocca, Maria Uscinska, Silvio Bellino
BACKGROUND: Asenapine is a new second-generation antipsychotic that is understudied in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Only one study investigating the use of the drug in this indication (an open-label pilot study) has been conducted to date. OBJECTIVE: The present open-label, randomized, controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of asenapine in comparison with olanzapine, the most broadly studied antipsychotic in BPD. METHODS: A total of 51 outpatients aged between 18 and 50 years with a diagnosis of BPD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria were assigned for 12 weeks to asenapine (5-10 mg/day) or olanzapine (5-10 mg/day)...
July 24, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740826/epicog-sch-a-brief-battery-to-screen-cognitive-impact-of-schizophrenia-in-stable-outpatients
#16
Silvia Zaragoza Domingo, Julio Bobes, Maria-Paz García-Portilla, Claudia Morralla
Brief batteries in schizophrenia, are needed to screen for the cognitive impact of schizophrenia. We aimed to validate and co-norm the Epidemiological Study of Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia (EPICOG-SCH) derived brief cognitive battery. A cross-sectional outpatient evaluation was conducted of six-hundred-seventy-two patients recruited from 234 centers. The brief battery included well-known subtests available worldwide that cover cognitive domains related to functional outcomes: WAIS-III-Letter-Number-Sequencing-LNS, Category Fluency Test-CFT, Logical-Memory Immediate Recall-LM, and Digit-Symbol-Coding-DSC...
June 2017: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738099/a-case-series-on-the-effectiveness-of-lurasidone-in-patients-with-stuttering
#17
Janet Charoensook, Gerald A Maguire
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of stuttering is approximately 1% of the population, affecting an estimated 3 million individuals in the United States. The dopamine hypothesis of stuttering explains that abnormally increased cerebral dopamine affects the balanced levels that maintain the basal ganglia circuits, which helps with timing cues in initiating speech. This is especially significant when considering treatment strategies. We report a reduction in stuttering with lurasidone, a potent D2 receptor antagonist with a relatively favorable adverse effects profile...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732379/integrative-analysis-of-novel-hypomethylation-and-gene-expression-signatures-in-glioblastomas
#18
Anan Yin, Amandine Etcheverry, Yalong He, Marc Aubry, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Luhua Zhang, Xinggang Mao, Weijun Chen, Bolin Liu, Wei Zhang, Jean Mosser, Xiang Zhang
Molecular and clinical heterogeneity critically hinders better treatment outcome for glioblastomas (GBMs); integrative analysis of genomic and epigenomic data may provide useful information for improving personalized medicine. By applying training-validation approach, we identified a novel hypomethylation signature comprising of three CpGs at non-CpG island (CGI) open sea regions for GBMs. The hypomethylation signature consistently predicted poor prognosis of GBMs in a series of discovery and validation datasets...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729691/lowered-fasting-chenodeoxycholic-acid-correlated-with-the-decrease-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-19-in-chinese-subjects-with-impaired-fasting-glucose
#19
Jing Zhang, Huating Li, Hu Zhou, Li Fang, Jingjing Xu, Han Yan, Shuqin Chen, Qianqian Song, Yinan Zhang, Aimin Xu, Qichen Fang, Yang Ye, Weiping Jia
The gut-derived hormone Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) could regulate glucose metabolism and is induced by bile acids (BAs) through activating Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR). FGF19 was found to decrease in subjects with isolated-impaired fasting glucose (I-IFG) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the reason for the change of FGF19 in subjects with different glucometabolic status remained unclear. Here we measured six BAs including chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, their glycine conjugates and FGF19 levels during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in normal glucose tolerance (NGT), isolated-impaired glucose tolerance, I-IFG, combined glucose intolerance (CGI) and T2DM subjects...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728275/-changes-and-differences-of-dna-methylation-in-human-macrophages-infected-with-virulent-and-avirulent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#20
L N Lyu, H Y Jia, Z H Li, Z Q Liu, Z D Zhang
Objective: To profile DNA methylation and compare differentially methylated region (DMR) of macrophages infected with virulent and avirulent strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Methods: PMA(50 ng/ml) treated THP-1 macrophages were left uninfected or infected with the virulent H37Rv(THP-1/Rv) or avirulent H37Ra(THP-1/Ra). The genomic DNA was then extracted and DNA methylation was profiled via Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS). The DNA methylation pattern and DMRs between the tested samples were indentified...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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