keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stress ulcer prophylaxis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775083/comparing-efficacy-of-enteral-nutrition-plus-ranitidine-and-enteral-nutrition-alone-as-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis
#1
Anahid Nourian, Mostafa Mohammadi, Mohammad-Taghi Beigmohammadi, Mohammad Taher, Zohreh Dadvar, Masoume Malekolkottab, Masoud Ramezani, Hossein Khalili
AIM: Adequacy of enteral nutrition (EN) alone as stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is controversial. The aim of this study was to compare efficacy of EN alone and ranitidine plus EN as SUP. METHOD: Critically ill adults with indications to receive SUP were randomized to ranitidine 50 mg IV every 8 h plus EN (SUP) or EN alone (non-SUP) group for 7 days. Besides, endoscopy was performed at the time of recruitment and on day 7. RESULTS: During the study period, only one patient in each group of SUP and non-SUP experienced gastrointestinal bleeding...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761482/timing-of-onset-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-the-icu-protocol-for-a-preplanned-observational-study
#2
A Granholm, T Lange, C T Anthon, S Marker, M Krag, T S Meyhoff, M P Wise, M Borthwick, S Bendel, F Keus, A B Guttormsen, J C Schefold, J Wetterslev, A Perner, M H Møller
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients are at risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, but clinically important gastrointestinal bleeding is rare. The majority of intensive care unit (ICU) patients receive stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP), despite uncertainty concerning the balance between benefit and harm. For approximately half of ICU patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, onset is early, ie within the first two days of the ICU stay. The aetiology of gastrointestinal bleeding and consequently the balance between benefit and harm of SUP may differ between patients with early vs late gastrointestinal bleeding...
May 14, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577238/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-adult-intensive-care-unit-patients-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
M Barbateskovic, S Marker, J C Jakobsen, M Krag, A Granholm, C T Anthon, A Perner, J Wetterslev, M H Møller
BACKGROUND: In the intensive care unit (ICU), stress ulcer prophylaxis with proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2-receptor antagonists is standard of care although gastrointestinal bleeding remains uncommon. It remains unknown whether its use is associated with benefits or harms and the quality of evidence supporting the use of stress ulcer prophylaxis has been questioned. Accordingly, the objective of this systematic review was to critically assess the evidence from randomized clinical trials on the benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis vs...
March 25, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502481/a-successful-pharmacist-based-quality-initiative-to-reduce-inappropriate-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-use-in-an-academic-medical-intensive-care-unit
#4
Umair Masood, Anuj Sharma, Zabeer Bhatti, Jessica Carroll, Amit Bhardwaj, Devamohan Sivalingam, Amit S Dhamoon
Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is often inappropriately utilized, particularly in critically ill patients. The objective of this study is to find an effective way of reducing inappropriate SUP use in an academic medical intensive care unit (ICU). Medical ICU patients receiving SUP were identified over a 1-month period, and their charts were reviewed to determine whether American Society of Health-System Pharmacists guidelines were followed. Inappropriate usage was calculated as inappropriate patient-days and converted to incidence per 100 patient-days...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499622/stress-related-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-adult-neurocritical-care-patients-a-chinese-multicenter-retrospective-study
#5
Junji Wei, Rongcai Jiang, Lihong Li, Dezhi Kang, Guodong Gao, Chao You, Jianmin Zhang, Liang Gao, Qibing Huang, Duanwu Luo, Gang Zhao, Hongyi Zhang, Shuo Wang, Renzhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: China has limited data on stress-related gastrointestinal ulcers in patients admitted for neurosurgical care. This study evaluated the incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and use of stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) in Chinese neurocritical care patients (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] score ≤ 10). METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective study was performed from January 2015 to July 2015. Medical records of 1468 patients hospitalized during 2014 were reviewed...
March 2, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404169/ranitidine-induced-anaphylaxis-in-a-patient-with-acute-copd-exacerbation
#6
İnsu Yılmaz, Murat Türk
Ranitidine is a well-tolerated H2-receptor antagonist commonly used in peptic ulcer treatment and stress ulcer prophylaxis. Anaphylaxis is rarely observed with ranitidine. We report the case of a patient who developed anaphylaxis after intravenous injection of ranitidine for acute COPD exacerbation. This article underlines the importance of awareness that in COPD acute exacerbation treatment, ranitidine, which is usually administered with methylprednisolone, also has anaphylaxis potential.
July 2017: Turkish thoracic journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374489/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-receiving-enteral-nutrition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Hui-Bin Huang, Wei Jiang, Chun-Yao Wang, Han-Yu Qin, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is recommended in critically ill patients with high risk of stress-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. However, as to patients receiving enteral feeding, the preventive effect of SUP is not well-known. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effect of pharmacologic SUP in enterally fed patients on stress-related GI bleeding and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane database from inception through 30 Sep 2017...
January 28, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321041/effects-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-adult-icu-patients-receiving-renal-replacement-therapy-sup-icu-renal-siren-study-protocol-for-a-pre-planned-observational-study
#8
Joerg C Schefold, Anders Perner, Theis Lange, Jørn Wetterslev, Matt P Wise, Mark Borthwick, Stepani Bendel, Frederik Keus, Anne Berit Guttormsen, Søren Marker, Mette Krag, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors are often used in critically ill patients to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding despite limited evidence for benefit. Patients with acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) are at high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding as (pre-)uremia induces coagulopathy through effects on platelets and coagulation cascades. No high-quality randomized clinical trials have previously assessed the benefits and harms of prophylactic proton pump inhibitor use in this high-risk population of adult critically ill patients...
January 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230521/correction-to-efficacy-and-safety-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-patients-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#9
Waleed Alhazzani, Fayez Alshamsi, Emilie Belley-Cote, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Mustafa Alquraini, Anders Perner, Morten Hylander Møller, Mette Krag, Saleh Almenawer, Bram Rochwerg, Joanna Dionne, Roman Jaeschke, Mohammed Alshahrani, Adam Deane, Dan Perri, Lehana Thebane, Awad Al-Omari, Simon Finfer, Deborah Cook, Gordon Guyatt
Owing to an oversight by the authors, all the figures in the last column of Table 2 (upper section: Number needed to treat; lower section: Number needed to harm) in this article were given without the final digit 0 and are thus 10 times too small.
February 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210818/evaluation-of-adherence-to-american-society-of-health-system-pharmacists-guidelines-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-shiraz-iran
#10
Seyed Masoom Masoompour, Reza Kasaee, Hamideh Mahdaviazad
Overuse of stress ulcer prophylaxis has a considerable cost burden on patient and healthcare systems. This study aimed to determine the adherence level of stress ulcer prophylaxis use with American Society of Health-System Pharmacists guidelines in a teaching hospital in Shiraz, Iran. From March to September 2013, we enrolled all eligible patients admitted to the general medical wards of Shahid Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. According to American Society of Health-System Pharmacists guidelines, patients who had at least one major or two minor risk factors for stress ulcers and received stress ulcer prophylaxis were labeled as adherent, others were considered nonadherent...
November 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199388/efficacy-and-safety-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-patients-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#11
REVIEW
Waleed Alhazzani, Fayez Alshamsi, Emilie Belley-Cote, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Mustafa Alquraini, Anders Perner, Morten Hylander Møller, Mette Krag, Saleh Almenawer, Bram Rochwerg, Joanna Dionne, Roman Jaeschke, Mohammed Alshahrani, Adam Deane, Dan Perri, Lehana Thebane, Awad Al-Omari, Simon Finfer, Deborah Cook, Gordon Guyatt
PURPOSE: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is commonly prescribed in the intensive care unit. However, data from systematic reviews and conventional meta-analyses are limited by imprecision and restricted to direct comparisons. We conducted a network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to examine the safety and efficacy of drugs available for SUP in critically ill patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials through April 2017 for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), and sucralfate for SUP in critically ill patients...
January 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081208/does-proton-pump-inhibitor-increase-the-clostridium-difficile-infection-risk-in-the-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-stress-ulcers-than-histanime-2-receptor-antagonist
#12
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064194/-proton-pump-inhibitors-overprescription
#13
Marie Esteves, Victoria Rollason, Olivier Grosgurin
Overutilization of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) is obvious despite available recommendations, with clinical and economical issues. This overuse is due to abusive stress ulcer prophylaxis and to automatic represcription, particularly during transitions from intensive care unit to other inhospital units and at hospital discharge. Withdrawal symptoms may contribute to the difficulty of PPI interruption. It is mandatory to limit initiation of PPI treatment outside of appropriate indications and to regularly reassess the need of this treatment...
October 18, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958355/acute-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
REVIEW
Michael A Vella, Marie L Crandall, Mayur B Patel
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in patients with trauma. Management strategies must focus on preventing secondary injury by avoiding hypotension and hypoxia and maintaining appropriate cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), which is a surrogate for cerebral blood flow. CPP can be maintained by increasing mean arterial pressure, decreasing intracranial pressure, or both. The goal should be euvolemia and avoidance of hypotension. Other factors that deserve important consideration in the acute management of patients with TBI are venous thromboembolism, stress ulcer, and seizure prophylaxis, as well as nutritional and metabolic optimization...
October 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943978/impact-of-targeted-educational-interventions-on-appropriateness-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-adults
#15
Drayton A Hammond, Catherine A Killingsworth, Jacob T Painter, Rose E Pennick, Kshitij Chatterjee, Bradley Boye, Nikhil Meena
BACKGROUND: Acid suppression therapy (AST) is routinely used in critically ill patients to prevent stress-related mucosal bleeding (SRMB). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the impact of a structured educational intervention on AST used for prevention of SRMB on appropriateness of AST. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective, cohort study of appropriate use of AST in critically ill patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) at an academic medical center between January to June of 2014 (no intervention) and January to June of 2015 (intervention) was conducted...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929324/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-neurocritical-care
#16
Jeffrey F Barletta, Alicia J Mangram, Joseph F Sucher, Victor Zach
Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) with acid-suppressive drug therapy is widely utilized in critically ill patients following neurologic injury for the prevention of clinically important stress-related gastrointestinal bleeding (CIB). Data supporting SUP, however, largely originates from studies conducted during an era where practices were vastly different than what is considered routine by today's standard. This is particularly true in neurocritical care patients. In fact, the routine provision of SUP has been challenged due to an increasing prevalence of adverse drug events with acid-suppressive therapy and the perception that CIB rates are sparse...
September 19, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924528/near-fatal-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-a-child-with-medulloblastoma-on-high-dose-dexamethasone
#17
Derek Yecies, Daniel Tawfik, Jennifer Damman, Chad Thorson, David S Hong, Gerald A Grant, Rachel Bensen, Mihaela Damian
A four-year-old female was admitted to a university-based children's hospital with a newly-diagnosed posterior fossa tumor. She was started on famotidine and high-dose dexamethasone and underwent gross total resection of a medulloblastoma. She was continued on dexamethasone and famotidine. She exhibited postoperative posterior fossa syndrome and was started on enteral feeds via the nasoduodenal tube. She had small gastrointestinal bleeds on postoperative days eight, 11, and 18, and was found to have a well-circumscribed posterior duodenal ulcer...
July 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894319/should-we-continue-to-use-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-for-critically-ill-patients
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894313/need-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-children-a-canadian-survey
#19
Mark Duffett, Karen Choong, Jennifer Foster, Elaine Gilfoyle, Jacques Lacroix, Deborah J Cook
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is commonly used in pediatric critical care, to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The most frequently used agents are histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The risk-benefit ratio for stress ulcer prophylaxis is uncertain, because data from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness and harms of prophylaxis in children are limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of Canadian pediatric intensivists about a future RCT of stress ulcer prophylaxis...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865339/enteral-nutrition-as-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-controlled-exploratory-study
#20
Karim El-Kersh, Bilal Jalil, Stephen A McClave, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Juan Guardiola, Karen Guilkey, Annuradha K Persaud, Stephen P Furmanek, Brian E Guinn, Timothy L Wiemken, Bashar Chihada Alhariri, Scott P Kellie, Mohamed Saad
PURPOSE: We investigated whether early enteral nutrition alone may be sufficient prophylaxis against stress-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in mechanically ventilated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, exploratory study that included mechanically ventilated patients in medical ICUs of two academic hospitals. Intravenous pantoprazole and early enteral nutrition were compared to placebo and early enteral nutrition as stress-ulcer prophylaxis...
February 2018: Journal of Critical Care
keyword
keyword
38217
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"