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Magnetic field

Khalil Ur Rehman, Noor Ul Saba, M Y Malik, Iffat Zehra
The current paper contains the simultaneous analysis of both Newtonian and non-Newtonian nanofluid models. The fluid flow is achieved by considering the no-slip condition subject to a stretched cylindrical surface. The flow regime manifests with pertinent physical effects, namely temperature stratification, concentration stratification, thermal radiation, heat generation, magnetic field, dual convection and chemical reaction. The strength of fluid temperature and nanoparticles concentration adjacent to an inclined cylindrical surface is assumed to be higher than the ambient flow field...
March 22, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Sandeep K Gupta, Ramaswamy Murugavel
Rapidly growing modern information technology demands energy and cost efficient tools that can efficiently store and process a large amount of data. However, the miniaturization technology that was being used to boost the performance of the electronic devices, keeping up with the pace as estimated by Moore's law, is reaching its limit. To overcome these challenges, several alternative routes that can eventually mimic the modern electronics fabrication using silicon have been proposed. Single molecule magnets (SMMs), being considered as one of the potential alternatives, have gone through significant progress and the focus has shifted from the use of polynuclear clusters to mononuclear complexes in the last few years...
March 22, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
M Fratzl, S Delshadi, T Devillers, F Bruckert, O Cugat, N M Dempsey, G Blaire
Micro-magnets producing magnetic field gradients as high as 106 T m-1 have been used to efficiently trap nanoparticles with a magnetic core of just 12 nm in diameter. Particle capture efficiency increases with increasing particle concentration. Comparison of measured capture kinetics with numerical modelling reveals that a threshold concentration exists below which capture is diffusion-driven and above which it is convectively-driven. This comparison also shows that two-way fluid-particle coupling is responsible for the formation of convective cells, the size of which is governed by the height of the droplet...
March 22, 2018: Soft Matter
Zahra Rostami, Sajad Jafari
Complex anatomical and physiological structure of an excitable tissue (e.g., cardiac tissue) in the body can represent different electrical activities through normal or abnormal behavior. Abnormalities of the excitable tissue coming from different biological reasons can lead to formation of some defects. Such defects can cause some successive waves that may end up to some additional reorganizing beating behaviors like spiral waves or target waves. In this study, formation of defects and the resulting emitted waves in an excitable tissue are investigated...
April 2018: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Francesco Pellegrini, Andrew G Lee, Cristina Cercato
A 49-year-old previously healthy woman presented with acute painless visual loss in the right eye, a right relative afferent pupillary defect, and a normal fundus examination. She was diagnosed with retrobulbar "optic neuritis" and given a course of intravenous steroids. Despite treatment, however, she continued to lose vision and serial visual field testing confirmed a junctional scotoma in the fellow eye. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass at the junction between the right optic nerve and the anterior aspect of the chiasm and a right frontal lesion that proved to be multicentric glioblastoma multiforme...
April 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
Jay Shah, Wyn Williams, Trevor P Almeida, Lesleis Nagy, Adrian R Muxworthy, András Kovács, Miguel A Valdez-Grijalva, Karl Fabian, Sara S Russell, Matthew J Genge, Rafal E Dunin-Borkowski
Recordings of magnetic fields, thought to be crucial to our solar system's rapid accretion, are potentially retained in unaltered nanometric low-Ni kamacite (~ metallic Fe) grains encased within dusty olivine crystals, found in the chondrules of unequilibrated chondrites. However, most of these kamacite grains are magnetically non-uniform, so their ability to retain four-billion-year-old magnetic recordings cannot be estimated by previous theories, which assume only uniform magnetization. Here, we demonstrate that non-uniformly magnetized nanometric kamacite grains are stable over solar system timescales and likely the primary carrier of remanence in dusty olivine...
March 21, 2018: Nature Communications
Waheed Khan, Qun Wang, Xin Jin
We report the first results of functional properties of nitrogenized silver-permalloy thin films deposited on polyethylene terephthalic ester {PETE (C10 H₈O₄)n } flexible substrates by magnetron sputtering. These new soft magnetic thin films have magnetization that is comparable to pure Ni81 Fe19 permalloy films. Two target compositions (Ni76 Fe19 Ag₅ and Ni72 Fe18 Ag10 ) were used to study the effect of compositional variation and sputtering parameters, including nitrogen flow rate on the phase evolution and surface properties...
March 17, 2018: Materials
Elena Boto, Niall Holmes, James Leggett, Gillian Roberts, Vishal Shah, Sofie S Meyer, Leonardo Duque Muñoz, Karen J Mullinger, Tim M Tierney, Sven Bestmann, Gareth R Barnes, Richard Bowtell, Matthew J Brookes
Imaging human brain function with techniques such as magnetoencephalography typically requires a subject to perform tasks while their head remains still within a restrictive scanner. This artificial environment makes the technique inaccessible to many people, and limits the experimental questions that can be addressed. For example, it has been difficult to apply neuroimaging to investigation of the neural substrates of cognitive development in babies and children, or to study processes in adults that require unconstrained head movement (such as spatial navigation)...
March 21, 2018: Nature
Lidija Radovanović, Jelena Rogan, Dejan Poleti, V Marko Rodić, Zvonko Jagličić
Two new isostructural M(II) (M = Ni, Co) complexes with 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dipya) and dianion of terephthalic acid (H2tpht), [M(dipya)2(H2O)2](tpht) ∙ 2H2O, have been synthesized by ligand exchange reaction and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, TG/DSC analysis and magnetic measurements. The crystal structures of [M(dipya)2(H2O)2](tpht) ∙ 2H2O consist of discrete complex units in which M(II) adopts deformed octahedral geometries. Two dipya ligands and two water molecules are coordinated to M(II) atom, tpht acts as a counter ion, while additional two water molecules remained uncoordinated...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Marcelo A Queiroz, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Carlos Alberto Buchpiguel, Giovanni Guido Cerri
The new technology of PET/MRI is a prototype of hybrid imaging, allowing for the combination of molecular data from PET scanning and morphofunctional information derived from MRI scanning. Recent advances regarding the technical aspects of this device, especially after the development of MRI-compatible silicon photomultipliers of PET, permitted an increase in the diagnostic performance of PET/MRI translated into dose reduction and higher imaging quality. Among several clinical applications, PET/MRI gains ground initially in oncology, where MRI per se plays an essential role in the assessment of primary tumors (which is limited in the case of PET/CT), including prostate, rectal and gynecological tumors...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Robert Gibbs, Gregory Moreton, Turgut Meydan, Paul Williams
The investigation of planar coils of differing topologies, when combined with a magnetostrictive amorphous ribbon to form a stress-sensitive self-inductor, is an active research area for applications as stress or pressure sensors. Four topologies of planar coil (Circular, Mesh, Meander, and Square) have been constructed using copper track on 30 mm wide PCB substrate. The coils are energized to draw 0.4 A and the resulting magnetic field distribution is observed with a newly developed three-dimensional magnetic field scanner...
March 21, 2018: Sensors
Aaron B Christian, Aaron T Schye, Kelvin O White, John Neumeier
The magnetic, thermal, and optical properties of single-crystalline CoTa$_2$O$_6$ and FeTa$_2$O$_6$ are reported. Optical dichroism was observed in CoTa$_2$O$_6$. Magnetic susceptibility $\chi$($T$) measurements reveal long-range antiferromagnetic order with N\'eel temperatures $T_N$ = 6.12(5)~K and 8.11(5)~K, respectively, and anisotropy in $\chi$. The thermal expansion coefficients exhibit significant anisotropy and the influence of the magnetic ions and long-range order. A structural phase transition to orthorhombic occurs below $T_N$ for FeTa$_2$O$_6$...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Eduardo Guisasola, Laura Asín, Lillianne Beola, Jesús M De La Fuente, Alejandro Baeza, María Vallet Regí
This work presents an innovation in the tumor treatment in vivo mediated by magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSNs). This device was built with iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles embedded in a mesoporous silica matrix and coated with an engineered thermoresponsive polymer. The magnetic nanoparticles act as internal heating sources under an alternating magnetic field (AMF) that increase the temperature of the surroundings, provoking the polymer transition and consequently the release of a drug trapped inside the silica pores...
March 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mei-Jiao Liu, Juan Yuan, Jin Tao, Yi-Quan Zhang, Cai-Ming Liu, Hui-Zhong Kou
Three new dysprosium(III) complexes [Dy2 (HL1 -o)2 (L1 )(NO3 )3 ][Dy(NO3 )5 ]·1.5ACE·0.5Et2 O (1), [Dy(L1 )3 ]·2.5MeOH·MeCN (2), and [Dy(L2 )3 ]·MeOH·MeCN (3) (HL1 = rhodamine B salicylaldehyde hydrazine, HL2 = rhodamine B 3-methylsalicylaldehyde hydrazine) were synthesized and characterized. Purple complex 1 contains two ring-open ligands HL1 -o and shows fluorescence of the rhodamine amide moiety, whereas yellow complexes 2 and 3 are comprised of ring-close ligands (L1/2 )- and display fluorescence of the salicylaldehyde Schiff base part...
March 21, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Ap Kuiroukidis, G N Throumoulopoulos
We consider a generalized Grad-Shafranov equation (GGSE) in a triangularity-deformed axisymmetric toroidal coordinate system and solve it numerically for the generic case of ITER-like and JET-like equilibria with non-parallel flow. It turns out that increase of the triangularity improves confinement by leading to larger values of the toroidal beta and the safety factor. This result is supported by the application of a criterion for linear stability valid for equilibria with flow parallel to the magnetic field...
January 2018: Heliyon
Mohammad Javad Tahmasebi Birgani, Nahid Chegeni, Mansour Zabihzadeh, Marziyeh Tahmasbi
Background: Integrated proton therapy - MRI systems are capable of delivering high doses to the target tissues near sensitive organs and achieve better therapeutic results; however, the applied magnetic field for imaging, influences the protons path, changes the penetration depth and deflects the particles, laterally, leading to dose distribution variations. Objective: To determine the effects of a magnetic field on the range and the lateral deflection of protons, analytically...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Yang Dong, Dan Yang, Yuchi Han, Wei Cheng, Jiayu Sun, Ke Wan, Hong Liu, Andreas Greiser, Xiaoyue Zhou, Yucheng Chen
Background: Diffuse myocardial fibrosis is a common pathological process in many cardiovascular diseases. In order to determine disease, we must have standard normal imaging values. We investigated myocardial interstitial fibrosis of the left ventricle (LV) in a healthy population of Chinese adults and explored the impact of gender, age, and other physiological factors using a T1 mapping technique of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Materials and Methods: We recruited 69 healthy adult Chinese subjects (35 males; age 18-76)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Maxim Shevtsov, Boris Nikolaev, Yaroslav Marchenko, Ludmila Yakovleva, Nikita Skvortsov, Anton Mazur, Peter Tolstoy, Vyacheslav Ryzhov, Gabriele Multhoff
Background: Glioblastoma is the most devastating primary brain tumor of the central nervous system in adults. Magnetic nanocarriers may help not only for a targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into the tumor site but also provide contrast enhancing properties for diagnostics using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: Synthesized hybrid chitosan-dextran superparamagnetic nanoparticles (CS-DX-SPIONs) were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and relaxometry studies...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Anirudh Sharma, Christine Cornejo, Jana Mihalic, Alison Geyh, David E Bordelon, Preethi Korangath, Fritz Westphal, Cordula Gruettner, Robert Ivkov
Citrate-stabilized iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were coated with one of carboxymethyl dextran (CM-dextran), polyethylene glycol-polyethylene imine (PEG-PEI), methoxy-PEG-phosphate+rutin, or dextran. They were characterized for size, zeta potential, hysteresis heating in an alternating magnetic field, dynamic magnetic susceptibility, and examined for their distribution in mouse organs following intravenous delivery. Except for PEG-PEI-coated nanoparticles, all coated nanoparticles had a negative zeta potential at physiological pH...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wenlin Jia, Jian Zhang, Yumiao Lu, Guangchao Li, Weihua Yang, Qian Wang
Static magnetic field (SMF) with the intensity of 15 mT was applied during partial nitrification (PN) process to evaluate the impacts on nitrogen transformation and microbial characteristics. Results showed that the startup period of PN process at ambient temperature was markedly shortened by SMF, and the nitrite accumulation increased by 18% due to SMF exposure. The ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) amoA gene copy numbers in the reactor with SMF exposure were 40% higher than that without SMF exposure, indicating the AOB abundance was enriched by SMF exposure...
March 14, 2018: Bioresource Technology
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