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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230561/adolescent-transition-clinic-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-quantitative-assessment-of-self-efficacy-skills
#1
Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Yulia Ron, Efrat Barnea, Ayala Nachum, Shay Matalon, Margalit Dali-Levy, Iris Dotan, Shlomi Cohen
OBJECTIVES: There is no model for the process of transition of adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) to the adult care protocol. We recently established a transition clinic where 17-year-old to 18-year-old IBD patients are seen by a multidisciplinary team including pediatric and adult gastroenterologists with expertise in IBD treatments, an IBD nurse, and a psychologist. We quantitatively describe this model and its benefits, and correlate demographic and transition parameters to self-efficacy in IBD adolescent patients before and after transition...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230311/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-unprotected-anal-intercourse-with-regular-and-nonregular-male-sexual-partners-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#2
Z Wang, X Wu, Jtf Lau, Pkh Mo, Wws Mak, X Wang, X Yang, D Gross, H Jiang
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the prevalence of, and multi-dimensional factors associated with, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with regular male sexual partners ('regular partners') and nonregular male sexual partners ('nonregular partners') among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu, China. METHODS: A total of 225 newly diagnosed HIV-positive MSM were interviewed using a combined interviewer-computer-assisted method in Chengdu, China...
February 23, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229577/maximal-aerobic-capacity-can-be-increased-by-enhancing-performers-expectancies
#3
Jeff Montes, Gabriele Wulf, James W Navalta
BACKGROUND: Maximum aerobic capacity (VO2max) is widely accepted as the best measure of cardiovascular fitness and aerobic power. The present study investigated whether enhancing participants' performance expectancies through positive social-comparative feedback would increase VO2max. METHODS: Participants were experienced runners who regularly ran for exercise or competitively. All participants completed two VO2max tests within a 2-week period at similar times of the day...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228370/enhancing-doctors-competencies-in-communication-with-and-activation-of-older-patients-the-promoting-active-aging-practa-computer-based-intervention-study
#4
Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Lazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mariusz Jaworski, Miroslawa Adamus, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes
BACKGROUND: Demographic changes over the past decades call for the promotion of health and disease prevention for older patients, as well as strategies to enhance their independence, productivity, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of a computer-based educational intervention designed for general practitioners (GPs) to promote active aging. METHODS: The Promoting Active Aging (PRACTA) study consisted of a baseline questionnaire, implementation of an intervention, and a follow-up questionnaire that was administered 1 month after the intervention...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226468/from-good-intentions-to-healthy-habits-towards-integrated-computational-models-of-goal-striving-and-habit-formation
#5
Peter Pirolli, Peter Pirolli, Peter Pirolli
Computational models were developed in the ACT-R neurocognitive architecture to address some aspects of the dynamics of behavior change. The simulations aim to address the day-to-day goal achievement data available from mobile health systems. The models refine current psychological theories of self-efficacy, intended effort, and habit formation, and provide an account for the mechanisms by which goal personalization, implementation intentions, and remindings work.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226393/supporting-self-management-by-community-matrons-through-a-group-intervention-an-action-research-study
#6
Abigail M Barkham, Steven J Ersser
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and impact of a group intervention by Community Matrons to support those living with multiple long-terms conditions. Little evidence exists as to how the role of the Community Matron (CM) should be delivered to effectively enhance disease self-management and levels of self-efficacy for the service users. This qualitative participatory action research study explored the use of group work as a method of intervention by CMs. A purposive sample of 29 participants was recruited...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226295/effect-of-the-dedicated-education-unit-on-nursing-student-self-efficacy-a-quasi-experimental-research-study
#7
Lynn E George, Lisa W Locasto, Katrina A Pyo, Thomas W Cline
Although the Dedicated Education Unit (DEU) has shown initial promise related to satisfaction with the teaching/learning environment, few studies have examined student outcomes related to the use of the DEU as a clinical education model beyond student satisfaction. The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to compare student outcomes from the traditional clinical education (TCE) model with those from the DEU model. Participants were students enrolled in a four-year baccalaureate program in nursing (n = 193) who had clinical education activities in one of three clinical agencies...
February 16, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226200/effectiveness-of-group-based-self-management-education-for-individuals-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-meta-regression
#8
K Odgers-Jewell, L E Ball, J T Kelly, E A Isenring, D P Reidlinger, R Thomas
AIMS: Patient education for the management of Type 2 diabetes can be delivered in various forms, with the goal of promoting and supporting positive self-management behaviours. This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of group-based interventions compared with individual interventions or usual care for improving clinical, lifestyle and psychosocial outcomes in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched. Group-based education programmes for adults with Type 2 diabetes that measured HbA1c and followed participants for ≥ 6 months were included...
February 22, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225466/the-use-of-social-media-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#9
Madeline Sterling, Peggy Leung, Drew Wright, Tara F Bishop
PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of social media in graduate medical education (GME), few studies have attempted to characterize their effect on residents and their training. The authors conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to understand the effect of social media on resident (1) education, (2) recruitment, and (3) professionalism. METHOD: The authors identified English-language peer-reviewed articles published through November 2015 using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223788/the-level-of-emotion-control-anxiety-and-self-efficacy-in-the-elderly-in-bialystok-poland
#10
Mateusz Cybulski, Lukasz Cybulski, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak, Urszula Cwalina
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the level of emotion control, anxiety, and self-efficacy in the inhabitants of Bialystok (Poland) aged above 60. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 300 people above the age of 60, inhabitants of Bialystok and its neighborhoods: 100 residents of public nursing home, 100 participants of the University of the Third Age in Bialystok, and 100 students of the University of Healthy Senior. The three standardized psychometric scales were used in the study: Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222075/a-pilot-study-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Heather Becker, Ashley M Henneghan, Deborah L Volker, Sabrina Q Mikan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test combining a group intervention to build self-efficacy for using compensatory strategies and lifestyle adjustments with brain-training practice to improve cognition.
. DESIGN: A quasiexperimental design.
. SETTING: Texas Oncology, a community oncology practice in Austin.
. SAMPLE: 20 women aged 35-65 years, who had finished chemotherapy at least three months before the study, were within five years of completing all treatment, and had self-reported cognitive concerns...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222074/integrative-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-interactive-programs-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-treatment
#12
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Internet-based interactive programs have been developed to address health needs for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment, but evidence has been inadequate to establish the effectiveness of these programs. This article aims to synthesize studies published in English or Chinese regarding the effectiveness of these programs on the outcomes of symptom distress, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, and psychological well-being for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221061/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-smartphone-app-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#13
Eric Kuhn, Nitya Kanuri, Julia E Hoffman, Donn W Garvert, Josef I Ruzek, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent in the population, but relatively few affected individuals receive treatment for it. Smartphone applications (apps) could help address this unmet need by offering sound psychoeducational information and evidence-based cognitive behavioral coping tools. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a free, publicly available smartphone app (PTSD Coach) for self-management of PTSD symptoms. METHOD: One hundred 20 participants who were an average of 39 years old, mostly women (69...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220102/a-nuanced-look-at-women-in-stem-fields-at-two-year-colleges-factors-that-shape-female-students-transfer-intent
#14
Xueli Wang, Hsun-Yu Chan, Sara Jimenez Soffa, Brett Ranon Nachman
In this study, we explored the relationship between the intent to transfer upward and a set of motivational, contextual, and socio-demographic background factors among 696 female students beginning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs or courses at two-year colleges in a Midwestern state. Drawing upon survey data and administrative records, our multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that students' math and science self-efficacy beliefs, as well as transfer-oriented interaction, were significant and positive predictors for their intent to transfer into STEM fields as opposed to having no intent to transfer...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219423/predictors-of-dieting-and-non-dieting-approaches-among-adults-living-in-australia
#15
Stuart Leske, Esben Strodl, Xiang-Yu Hou
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research comparing why dieting and non-dieting approaches are adopted. A greater understanding of reasons underlying dieting and non-dieting attempts will help to identify target beliefs for interventions to support and motivate adults to attempt whatever approach they are willing and/or able to pursue. We investigated the predictors of dieting and non-dieting approaches in Australian adults using predictors that were identified in a previous qualitative study...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218587/child-s-sensory-profile-and-adult-playfulness-as-predictors-of-parental-self-efficacy
#16
Rosa Román-Oyola, Stacey Reynolds, Ivonnellys Soto-Feliciano, Laura Cabrera-Mercader, Jessica Vega-Santana
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have difficulty engaging their children through play, thus affecting the parent-child relationship and parental self-efficacy. This study intended to examine children's sensory profile and adults' playfulness as predictors of parental self-efficacy. A total of 136 parents of children ages 3-7 yr completed the Short Sensory Profile, the Playfulness Scale for Adults, and the Tool to Measure Parenting Self-Efficacy. For the parental couples of children with ASD, the most relevant predictor of general parental self-efficacy was the child's sensory profile...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217935/effects-of-individualized-exercise-program-on-physical-function-psychological-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#17
Qing Tang, Bin Yang, Fengyan Fan, Ping Li, Lei Yang, Yujie Guo
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on physical function, psychological dimensions, and health-related quality of life for patients with chronic kidney disease. Ninety eligible patients were enrolled and randomly separated into the exercise group and the control group from November 2015 to May 2016. The exercise group received an individualized exercise program while the control group received only usual care and continued primary lifestyle. Physical function was measured using 6-minute walk test and 10 repetitions of the sit-to-stand test while psychological dimensions were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Self-Efficacy for Exercise scale...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217864/-sounds-a-bit-crazy-but-it-was-almost-more-personal-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-and-clinician-experiences-of-physical-therapist-prescribed-exercise-for-knee-osteoarthritis-via-skype%C3%A2
#18
R S Hinman, R K Nelligan, K L Bennell, C Delany
OBJECTIVES: Explore patients' and physical therapists' experience with Skype™ for exercise management of knee OA. METHODS: Qualitative study. The Donabedian model for quality assessment in health care (structure, process and outcomes) informed semi-structured individual interview questions. Twelve purposively-sampled patients with knee OA who received physical therapist-prescribed exercise over Skype™, and all therapists (n=8) who delivered the intervention, in a clinical trial were interviewed about their experiences...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217648/psychological-and-familial-factors-of-depression-in-relation-to-adolescent-smoking-behavior
#19
Hamidreza Roohafza, Razieh Omidi, Tahereh Alinia, Kamal Heidari, Marziyeh Farshad, Hossein Davari, Zahra Abtin, Ezat Shahriari, Mahshid Taslimi, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Several common factors have been identified for smoking and depression. The The present study explores the relation of psychological and familial factors with depression, by student smoking behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5500 middle- and high-school students were selected in Isfahan province in 2010. A self-administered questionnaire collected data on background characteristics, smoking status, depression, and risk factors. Univariate analysis multiple logistic regressions were conducted to compare between depressed and nondepressed people by adolescent smoking status...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216503/-depression-and-self-efficacy-in-medical-residents
#20
Yun Ding, Lingling Huang, Chenzhe Feng, Min Yang, Yan Zhang
To evaluate the status of depression and to determine the association between depression and self-efficacy in medical residents.
 Methods: Self-made questionnaire of general situation, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and general self-efficacy scale were applied to 223 new residents from a hospital in Hunan Province to evaluate the general situation, the status of depression, level of self-efficacy sense and the influential factors. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were performed to assess the association between depression and self-efficacy, and the influential factors of residents, respectively...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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