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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102117/efficacy-of-an-intervention-program-to-improve-employability-of-university-students
#1
Estefanía Hernández-Fernaud, Carmen Inés Ruiz-de la Rosa, Fátima Negrín, Yeray Ramos-Sapena, Bernardo Hernández
In the current socioeconomic situation, the need to improve employability of potential workers is especially relevant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention program focusing on improving employability of university students. To do this, a two-group study was designed: one group undertook the intervention program and the other group were used for comparison. Two measurements were taken at different times (pre-intervention and post-intervention). The sample consisted of 271 university students...
January 19, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101790/perspectives-of-people-with-a-chronic-disease-on-participating-in-work-a-focus-group-study
#2
Marloes Vooijs, Monique C J Leensen, Jan L Hoving, Haije Wind, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
Purpose To explore solutions that people with a chronic disease use to overcome difficulties they experience regarding participating in work, and the support they require to identify or implement these solutions. Methods Focus groups were held to explore solutions and support requirements of people with a chronic disease. Participants were recruited through a research institution's patient panel, a patient federation and personal networks. Analysis was conducted by means of open and selective coding, using the MAXQDA software package...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100203/diaphragmatic-breathing-during-virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-aviophobia-functional-coping-strategy-or-avoidance-behavior-a-pilot-study
#3
Youssef Shiban, Julia Diemer, Jana Müller, Johanna Brütting-Schick, Paul Pauli, Andreas Mühlberger
BACKGROUND: Although there is solid evidence for the efficacy of in vivo and virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for a specific phobia, there is a significant debate over whether techniques promoting distraction or relaxation have impairing or enhancing effects on treatment outcome. In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of diaphragmatic breathing (DB) as a relaxation technique during VR exposure treatment. METHOD: Twenty-nine patients with aviophobia were randomly assigned to VR exposure treatment either with or without diaphragmatic breathing (six cycles per minute)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096903/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-among-women-attending-group-based-patient-education-courses-for-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#4
Wenche Listøl, Hildegunn Høberg-Vetti, Geir Egil Eide, Cathrine Bjorvatn
BACKGROUND: Women carrying BRCA-mutations are facing significant challenges, including decision making regarding surveillance and risk-reducing surgery. They often report that they are left alone with these important decisions. In order to enhance the genetic counselling session we organized a group-based patient education (GPE) course for women with BRCA-mutations. The study aims were to characterize women attending a group-based patient education (GPE) course for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, consider the usefulness of the course, evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression among the participants, and finally investigate whether their levels of anxiety and depression changed from before to after the course session...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096030/game-based-online-antenatal-breastfeeding-education-a-pilot
#5
Jane S Grassley, Kelley C Connor, Laura Bond
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Healthy Moms intervention on antenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy and intention and to determine the feasibility of using an online game-based learning platform to deliver antenatal breastfeeding education. BACKGROUND: The Internet has potential for improving breastfeeding rates through improving women's access to antenatal breastfeeding education. METHODS: Twelve computer-based breastfeeding education modules were developed using an online learning platform...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096023/communications-with-health-professionals-and-psychological-distress-in-family-caregivers-to-cancer-patients-a-model-based-on-stress-coping-theory
#6
Young Sam Oh
BACKGROUND: In cancer care settings, family caregivers often experience negative or little communication with the health professionals, and this negative communication and limited health-related information causes psychological distress in family caregivers to cancer patients. AIM: The first aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between communication with health professionals and psychological distress in family caregivers. The second aim is to investigate the mediating effects of self-efficacy in this hypothetical model...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095051/improving-personal-self-advocacy-skills-for-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-randomized-pilot-feasibility-study
#8
Lenore Hawley, Don Gerber, Clare Morey
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a self-advocacy intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel-design, randomized feasibility study. METHODS: Twelve participants, 1-year or more post-ABI (TBI and cerebral vascular accident (CVA)), were randomized into treatment/control groups. The treatment group received a group intervention and workbook; the control group received the workbook only. Outcome measures, taken at baseline, post-treatment and 6-weeks follow-up, included the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) and two exploratory measures developed for the study: the Self Advocacy Scale (SAS) and the Personal Advocacy Activity Scale (PAAS)...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095026/self-regulation-of-driving-speed-among-distracted-drivers-an-application-of-driver-behavioural-adaptation-theory
#9
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Md Mazharul Haque, Mark King, Simon Washington
OBJECTIVE: The adaptive behaviour of mobile phone distracted drivers has been a topic of much discussion in the recent literature. Both simulator and naturalistic studies suggests that distracted drivers generally select lower driving speeds; however, speed adaptation is not observed among all drivers, and the mechanisms of speed selection are not well understood. The aim of this research was to apply a driver behavioural adaptation model to investigate the speed adaptation of mobile phone distracted drivers...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093707/meaning-of-self-in-multiple-sclerosis-implications-for-treatment-and-rehabilitation
#10
Maciej Wilski, Tomasz Tasiemski
Low participation of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in the therapeutic process is considered a primary area in research on the management of this condition. One of the key research directions is the role of self and self-involvement in MS patients. Clinical symptoms of MS and unpredictability of this condition may affect patients' attitude to their self and self-involvement. Self-image and self-appraisal of one's abilities to cope with the disease exert significant effects not only on patient's emotional status but also on their behavior...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092563/effects-of-different-types-of-virtual-reality-display-on-presence-and-learning-in-a-safety-training-scenario
#11
Fabio Buttussi, Luca Chittaro
The increasing availability of head-mounted displays (HMDs) for home use motivates the study of the possible effects that adopting this new hardware might have on users. Moreover, while the impact of display type has bee respectively representative of: (i) desktop VR (a standard desktop monitor), (ii) many setups for immersive VR used in the literature (an HMD with narrow field of view and a 3-DOF tracker), and (iii) new setups for immersive home VR (an HMD with wide field of view and 6-DOF tracker). We assessed effects on knowledge gain, and different self-reported measures (self-efficacy, engagement, presence)...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092450/preintervention-profiles-of-information-motivational-and-behavioral-self-efficacy-for-methamphetamine-use-and-hiv-medication-adherence-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#12
Tyrel J Starks, Brett M Millar, Jonathan M Lassiter, Jeffrey T Parsons
Although rates of crystal methamphetamine use in the United States have fallen from their peak in the mid-2000s, use remains a major public health concern, which disproportionately affects gay and bisexual men (GBM). It poses a particular challenge for HIV-positive men, for whom it has been linked to medication adherence problems as well as compromised immune function. Although the information, motivation, and behavioral skills (IMB) model has been widely used to conceptualize health behavior, little is known about GBM's initial levels of information, motivation, and behavioral self-efficacy to improve HIV medication adherence and to reduce crystal methamphetamine use at the outset of treatment...
January 16, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090105/student-knowledge-skills-and-self-efficacy-gains-after-completing-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-in-geriatrics
#14
Krista L Donohoe, Aulbrey G Drisaldi, Fawaz M Alotaibi, Tabatha N Bonas, Edward M Shibley, Patricia W Slattum
Objective. To assess changes in pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy after completing an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in geriatrics. Design. During the 2013-2014 academic year, 30 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Pharmacy students were required to complete a 5-week Geriatrics APPE at Plaza Professional Pharmacy in Richmond, Virginia. All students completed a 25-point knowledge-based pre- and post-assessment to measure students' self-efficacy. The average time required to accurately fill one unit dose prescription card before and after completing the APPE was also evaluated...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#15
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088744/self-concept-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-abstinence-motivation-as-well-as-self-efficacy-among-drug-addicts
#16
Feng-Ying Lu, Si Wen, Gang Deng, Yung-Lung Tang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood maltreatment is widely accepted as a risk factor for drug addiction from adolescence to adulthood. However, the influence of childhood maltreatment on drug treatment related variables, such as drug abstinence motivation and self-concept, as well as self-efficacy, remains unclear. This study aims at exploring whether self-concept mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and abstinence motivation, as well as self-efficacy, among drug addicts. METHODS: This study involves 816 (550 males, 226 females, mean age=34...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#17
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087130/attitudes-practices-and-experiences-with-implementing-a-patient-centered-medical-home-for-women-veterans
#18
Lisa S Meredith, Yan Wang, Adeyemi Okunogbe, Alicia A Bergman, Ismelda A Canelo, Jill E Darling, Elizabeth M Yano
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing demand for health care among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), little is known about the perspectives of primary care providers (PCPs) and other primary care staff about the care they provide to women veterans. We sought to understand whether barriers to, attitudes about, and practices in caring for women veterans were associated with two measures of implementation of the VHA patient-centered medical home for women veterans (self-efficacy and satisfaction)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#19
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079977/psychosocial-changes-as-correlates-of-weight-regain-vs-continued-loss-within-2-year-trials-of-a-self-regulation-focused-community-based-intervention
#20
J J Annesi, N Mareno
Although health-enhancing weight reductions are associated with behavioural treatments initially, a trajectory towards full regain typically begins within 6-9 months. Women with obesity (body mass index = 30-40 kg m(-2) ) who lost at least 3% of their baseline weight within two trials of a new cognitive-behavioural treatment incorporating physical activity prior to changes in eating behaviours, and either regained ≥50% of that weight over 2 years (Regain group, n=32) or continued to lose weight (ContinuedLoss group, n = 34), were assessed from months 6 to 24 on changes in weight-loss behaviours and psychosocial predictors of those behaviours derived from established behavioural theories...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Obesity
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