Read by QxMD icon Read


Cristina Giménez-García, Estefanía Ruiz-Palomino, María Dolores Gil-Llario, Rafael Ballester-Arnal, Claudia Castañeiras
Young Hispanic women have been particularly affected by HIV. For this reason, we analyzed the influence of cognitive factors, dispositional variables, and gender culture on the HIV risks of two groups of Hispanic women. Young Argentinian and Spanish women (N = 342) completed the AIDS Prevention Questionnaire, the Spanish version of the Sexual Compulsivity Scale, and the Spanish version of the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale in order to evaluate knowledge of HIV transmission, HIV, and condom use; self-efficacy; safe-sex intention and safe sex; as well as Sexual Sensation Seeking and Sexual Compulsivity traits...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Shaan A Ahmed, Govind Shantharam, Adam E M Eltorai, Davis A Hartnett, Avi Goodman, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychosocial risk factors may predispose to progression of back and neck pain to chronic pain or disability. Resilience (the ability to recover from stress) and pain self-efficacy (confidence that one can perform daily activities despite pain) are important psychometric properties shown to affect health and illness. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships among resilience, pain self-efficacy, and disability in spine patients. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective, single-center orthopedic spine clinic...
June 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Zaixing Shi, John M Richardson, A Corina Aycinena, Heewon L Gray, Rachel Paul, Pam Koch, Isobel Contento, Ann Ogden Gaffney, Heather Greenlee
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychosocial mediators of the effect of a culturally-tailored dietary intervention on dietary change among Hispanic/Latina breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Hispanic/Latina breast cancer survivors (n=70) were randomized to receive either a 12-week theory- and culturally-tailored dietary change program (intervention group, n=34), or standard-of-care printed recommendations (control group, n=36) ( NCT01414062). Fruit/vegetable intake (F/V), % calories from fat, and hypothesized psychosocial mediators were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12-months...
June 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
A DeSmet, S Bastiaensens, K Van Cleemput, K Poels, H Vandebosch, G Deboutte, L Herrewijn, S Malliet, S Pabian, F Van Broeckhoven, O De Troyer, G Deglorie, S Van Hoecke, K Samyn, I De Bourdeaudhuij
.This paper describes the items, scale validity and scale reliability of a self-report questionnaire that measures bystander behavior in cyberbullying incidents among adolescents, and its behavioral determinants. Determinants included behavioral intention, behavioral attitudes, moral disengagement attitudes, outcome expectations, self-efficacy, subjective norm and social skills. Questions also assessed (cyber-)bullying involvement. Validity and reliability information is based on a sample of 238 adolescents (M age=13...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Joyce Y Lee, Heather A Knauer, Shawna J Lee, Mark P MacEachern, Craig F Garfield
CONTEXT: Fathers contribute to their children's health starting at the beginning of life. Few parent education programs include fathers. Among those that do, there is little effort to report program effects on father outcomes. OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we examined father-inclusive perinatal parent education programs in the United States as they relate to a range of father outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The databases searched were PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO...
June 14, 2018: Pediatrics
Dirk-Jan A van Mourik, Math J J M Candel, Gera E Nagelhout, Marc C Willemsen, Geoffrey T Fong, Karin Hummel, Bas van den Putte, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Displaying tobacco products at point-of-sale (PoS) has become an important marketing strategy for the tobacco industry. This study was designed to (1) examine how support for a PoS cigarette display ban changed among Dutch smokers between 2010 and 2015 and (2) identify the variables that predict support among smokers for a PoS cigarette display ban. METHODS: Longitudinal data from six annual survey waves (2010-2015) from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey were analyzed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ericka Sanner-Stiehr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a cognitive rehearsal intervention on nursing students' self-efficacy to respond effectively to disruptive behaviors. DESIGN: This quantitative study was part of a longitudinal, quasi-experimental program of research. SETTING: Interventions were conducted on site at facilities provided by participating pre-licensure nursing programs. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 129 nursing students enrolled in their final academic year in three traditional format, pre-licensure nursing programs in the Midwestern United States were recruited to participate in this study...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Mary Boyde, Emily Cooper, Hannah Putland, Rikki Stanton, Christie Harding, Ben Learmont, Clare Thomas, Jade Porter, Andrea Thompson, Louise Nicholls
BACKGROUND: Within nursing education, simulation has been recognised as an effective learning strategy. Embedding simulation within clinical units has the potential to enhance patient safety and improve clinical outcomes. However it is important to evaluate the effectiveness of this educational technique to support the actual value and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to implement and evaluate an innovative simulation experience for registered nurses. METHODS: A high-fidelity simulation focusing on nursing assessment was conducted with 50 Registered Nurses in an Emergency Department (ED) at a large tertiary referral hospital...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
S Tomczyk, H Muehlan, S Freitag, S Stolzenburg, G Schomerus, S Schmidt
BACKGROUNDS: The concept of mental health literacy suggests that higher literacy increases the likelihood of seeking treatment. However, previous studies mostly use vignettes, and do not investigate actual help-seeking behaviour. METHODS: We assessed depression literacy and type of mental illness in a convenience sample of 207 adults with currently untreated mental health problems from the general population. Our analysis sample comprised 152 adults (Mage   = 52...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Tom E Nightingale, Peter C Rouse, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Dylan Thompson, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Dirk Kranz, Holger Busch, Christoph Niepel
The present study explores the motivation for fatherhood in a sample of childless German gay and heterosexual men aged 18 to 40 years (N = 628 + 638). Referring to the theory of planned behavior (TPB), three potential predictors were considered: the individual's attitude toward having children, perceived attitudes of significant others toward fatherhood, and anticipated parental self-efficacy. Regarding fathering motivation, the general desire to become a father was differentiated from the more concrete fathering intention...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jiyoung Kang, Eunyoung E Suh
This study developed smartphone-based virtual experiential nursing applications to care for patients with chronic illness, especially patients with hypertension and diabetes, and evaluated the effect of the applications on nursing students' knowledge, self-efficacy, and learning experiences. Applications using gamification elements were developed according to the steps of assessment, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Knowledge and self-efficacy were assessed via questionnaires, while learning experiences were assessed via six focus group interviews after the applications were used for 1 week...
June 12, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Geertje M de Boer, T H Mennema, Esther van Noort, Niels H Chavannes, Erwin Birnie, Johannes C C M In 't Veen
Personal traits should be addressed before offering self-management programmes to patients with COPD
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
Francesca Pazzaglia, Chiara Meneghetti, Lucia Ronconi
Wayfinding (WF) is the ability to move around efficiently and find the way from a starting point to a destination. It is a component of spatial navigation, a coordinate and goal-directed movement of one's self through the environment. In the present study, the relationship between WF tasks (route tracing and shortcut finding) and individual factors were explored with the hypothesis that WF tasks would be predicted by different types of cognitive, affective, motivational variables, and personality factors. A group of 116 university students (88 F...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Fiona Fylan, Lauren Caveney, Alastair Cartwright, Beth Fylan
BACKGROUND: A Personal Health Record (PHR) is an electronic record that individuals use to manage and share their health information, e.g. data from their medical records and data collected by apps. However, engagement with their record can be low if people do not find it beneficial to their health, wellbeing or interactions with health and other services. We have explored the beliefs potential users have about a PHR, how it could be made personally relevant, and barriers to its use. METHODS: A qualitative design comprising eight focus groups, each with 6-8 participants...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Seyyed Hannan Kashfi, Mina Bahmandost, Pooyan Afzali Harsini
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of educational program based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on promoting preventive behaviors of nosocomial infections in nurses. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial study, 120 nurses working in a hospital in Fasa City, Fars (Iran). Intervention group (n=60) received an educational program based on HBM while control group (n=60) did not received it. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information, HBM constructs (knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, performance and cues to action) was used to measure changes toward the prevention of nosocomial infections before, immediately after intervention and four months later (of the end of the intervention)...
February 2018: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Marly Javorski, Andreyna Javorski Rodrigues, Regina Cláudia Melo Dodt, Paulo César de Almeida, Luciana Pedrosa Leal, Lorena Barbosa Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of using a flipchart (serial album) on maternal self-efficacy in breastfeeding and its effects on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in children's first two months of life. METHOD: Clinical trial in Recife, Northeastern Brazil, with 112 women in the third trimester of gestation, randomly distributed in intervention group (IG) and control group (CG). The intervention was the use of the flipchart in IG. Data collection was performed through interviews in the prenatal period, and telephone contact at second, fourth and eighth weeks postpartum...
June 11, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Elizabeth M Schoenfeld, Hemal K Kanzaria, Denise D Quigley, Peter St Marie, Nikita Nayyar, Sarah H Sabbagh, Kyle L Gress, Marc A Probst
OBJECTIVES: As Shared Decision-Making (SDM) has received increased attention as a method to improve the patient-centeredness of emergency department (ED) care, we sought to determine patients' desired level of involvement in medical decisions and their perceptions of potential barriers and facilitators to SDM in the ED. METHODS: We surveyed a cross-sectional sample of adult ED patients at three academic medical centers across the United States. The survey included 32 items regarding patient involvement in medical decisions including a modified Control Preference Scale (CPS) and questions about barriers and facilitators to SDM in the ED...
June 13, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Marcin Kacper Uszynski, Blathin Casey, Sara Hayes, Stephen Gallagher, Helen Purtill, Robert W Motl, Susan Coote
Background: There is a growing body of evidence that physical activity (PA) improves symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Despite the benefits of PA, people with MS are relatively inactive compared with their healthy counterparts. This study investigated associations between social cognitive theory (SCT) constructs and energy expenditure (EE) as an objective measure of PA in a sample of inactive people with MS. Methods: Participants (n = 65) completed several questionnaires and were assessed using standardized outcome measures as part of a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial (Step it Up)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"