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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829649/paramedic-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-preparedness-to-manage-intimate-partner-violence-patients
#1
Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams, Peter Lucas, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to abuse transpiring between people in an intimate relationship. Intimate partner violence is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for women that paramedics frequently report encountering and yet paramedics rarely receive formal education or training to manage. The response of paramedics to IPV is likely to be directed by their individual knowledge, attitudes, and preparedness; all of which are currently unknown. This study aimed to measure paramedic students' knowledge, attitudes, and preparedness to manage IPV patients, and provides baseline data to inform the development of contemporary curricula...
August 22, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829389/-you-think-you-re-helping-them-but-they-re-helping-you-too-experiences-of-scottish-male-young-offenders-participating-in-a-dog-training-program
#2
Rebecca J Leonardi, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Gill McIvor, Sarah-Jane Vick
Interaction with animals can be beneficial to humans and animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are increasingly popular in a range of contexts. Dog training programs (DTPs) are the most popular form of AAI in custodial contexts; prisoners often have multiple needs and DTPs seem to facilitate a diverse range of positive outcomes, including improvements in well-being, behavior, and offending behavior. However, evidence on the efficacy of prison-based DTPs is still limited and these evaluations often lack detail or methodological rigor...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829238/guideposts-and-roadblocks-to-the-career-long-scholarly-engagement-of-physical-education-teacher-education-faculty
#3
Catherine P Berei, Erica Pratt, Melissa Parker, Kevin Shephard, Tanjian Liang, Udon Nampai, Guntima Neamphoka
PURPOSE: Scholarship is essential for the growth and development of the physical education field. Over time, scholarship expectations have changed, forcing faculty members to alter time spent for research, teaching, and service. Social-cognitive career theory (SCCT) presents a model for understanding performance and persistence in an occupational environment. The interconnected aspects of SCCT have different emphasis related to self-efficacy, outcome expectations, or personal goals pursuit...
August 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826976/the-effects-of-mutual-goal-setting-practice-in-older-adults-with-chronic-illness
#4
Winnie Lai-Sheung Cheng
Goal setting is a strategy that can enhance performance. The purpose of this study was to examine how engaging older adults with chronic illness in setting goals for their care would affect their performance in achieving those goals. This study employed a quasi-experimental design with repeated measures to evaluate the effect of an intervention, namely mutual goal-setting (MGS) practice, on elderly patients with chronic illness. Eighty such patients receiving nursing care at home were recruited for the study...
August 18, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826380/empowerment-in-latina-immigrant-women-recovering-from-interpersonal-violence-a-concept-analysis
#5
Robin L Page, Jenifer Chilton, Nora Montalvo-Liendo, Debra Matthews, Angeles Nava
Latina immigrant women are vulnerable and may experience higher levels of interpersonal or intimate partner violence (IPV) due to their immigrant status and cultural emphasis on familism. The concept of empowerment within the cultural context of Latina immigrant women experiencing IPV was analyzed using a modified version of Walker and Avant's concept analysis technique. The technique considers usage and definitions in the literature, antecedents, attributes, empirical referents, and the inclusion of a model and contrary case...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826350/self-efficacy-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-heart-failure-patients-in-singapore-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#6
Rajasekaram Suresh, Wenru Wang, Karen W L Koh, Shefaly Shorey, Violeta Lopez
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) accounts for 30% of all global deaths and Asians are likely to suffer from HF 10 years earlier than their Western counterparts. Low self-efficacy and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) have been reported in patients with HF. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive correlational design was adopted to investigate the associations between self-efficacy and HRQoL in 91 patients with HF in Singapore. RESULTS: Patients with HF demonstrated moderately good self-efficacy ( M = 3...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826348/home-based-and-technology-centered-childhood-obesity-prevention-for-chinese-mothers-with-preschool-aged-children
#7
Angela Sun, Joyce Cheng, Quynh Bui, Yvonne Liang, Terence Ng, Jyu-Lin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Nearly a quarter of preschool-aged Chinese American children are overweight or obese. Children of overweight mothers are at higher risk for obesity. Efforts to prevent obesity among low-income minority children with overweight mothers should start in early childhood. METHODOLOGY: This randomized pilot study consisted of 8 weekly sessions, examined feasibility of a tablet computer-based intervention among 32 mother-child dyads. The study estimated effect size of the intervention at baseline, 3 and 6 months on maternal outcomes including self-efficacy, eating behaviors, physical activity, child-feeding practices, and change in body mass index...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826343/feasibility-testing-a-family-level-intervention-to-prevent-risky-sex-behaviors-among-middle-school-age-latinas
#8
Robin Bartlett, Thomas P McCoy, Allyson Kelley, Emily R Beamon, Tara Holmes, Terri Shelton, Debra Wallace
PURPOSE: In this article, we report a pilot study that tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of a culturally, linguistically, and developmentally tailored risky sex prevention intervention for middle school-age Latinas and their mothers. DESIGN: We used a one-group pre-test, post-test, and 3-month post-intervention follow-up design. Data were collected at three points on aspects of the girls' communication, beliefs, and behaviors. RESULTS: Promising results included improvements in girl's self-efficacy regarding condom communication and condom consistent use, and in mother-teen sexual risk communication...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822956/a-novel-web-support-intervention-to-promote-recovery-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Pazit Levinger, Karen Hallam, Darren Fraser, Rebecca Pile, Clare Ardern, Brett Moreira, Simon Talbot
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is positively associated with adherence behaviours and rehabilitation outcomes following Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction. An internet resource can be an effective way to provide information, goal setting, patient monitoring and hence support overall self-management. PURPOSE: This study examined the feasibility of a three month 'internet-based intervention' (mobile-oriented site) to enhance recovery for patients following ACL reconstruction...
June 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#10
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822214/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#11
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822053/colorectal-cancer-patient-s-self-efficacy-for-managing-illness-related-problems-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-after-diagnosis-results-from-the-colorectal-well-being-crew-study
#12
Chloe Grimmett, Joanne Haviland, Jane Winter, Lynn Calman, Amy Din, Alison Richardson, Peter W F Smith, Claire Foster
PURPOSE: There is a growing emphasis on self-management of cancer aftercare. Little is known about patient's self-efficacy (confidence) to manage illness-related problems and how this changes over time. This paper describes the patterns of self-efficacy for managing illness-related problems amongst colorectal cancer patients in the 2 years following diagnosis. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, questionnaires were administered at baseline (pre-surgery), 3, 9, 15 and 24 months to 872 colorectal cancer patients...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821287/physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-long-term-hospitalized-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Jeroen Deenik, Frank Kruisdijk, Diederik Tenback, Annemarie Braakman-Jansen, Erik Taal, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Aartjan Beekman, Erwin Tak, Ingrid Hendriksen, Peter van Harten
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in patients with severe mental illness is believed to have positive effects on physical health, psychiatric symptoms and as well quality of life. Till now, little is known about the relationship between physical activity and quality of life in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness and knowledge of the determinants of behavioural change is lacking. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and quality of life, and explore modifiable psychological determinants of change in physical activity in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness...
August 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#14
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820785/collective-efficacy-physical-activity-and-health-outcomes-among-mothers
#15
Deirdre Dlugonski, Bhibha M Das, Tiesha R Martin, Autumn Palmer
Motherhood is associated with low rates of physical activity that increase disease risk. Most theory-based approaches to increasing physical activity focus on personal rather than social factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among perceptions of community collective efficacy and objectively measured physical activity, self-efficacy, social support, and health. Mothers completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer for 7 days. There was a significant, positive association between physical activity and collective efficacy-social cohesion subscale...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820515/the-role-of-oncology-nurses-in-discussing-clinical-trials
#16
Susan A Flocke, Elizabeth Antognoli, Barbara J Daly, Brigid Jackson, Sarah E Fulton, Tasnuva M Liu, Jessica Surdam, Sharon Manne, Neal J Meropol
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe oncology nurses' experiences discussing clinical trials with their patients, and to assess barriers to these discussions.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A qualitative study designed to elicit narratives from oncology nurses. 
. SETTING: Community- and academic-based oncology clinics throughout the United States.
. PARTICIPANTS: 33 oncology nurses involved in direct patient care in community-based and large hospital-based settings...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820507/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipient-and-caregiver-factors-affecting-length-of-stay-and-readmission
#17
Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi, Leslie Wehrlen, Erika Friedman, Sue Thomas, Margaret Bevans
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contributions of patient and caregiver factors to length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission status for recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from a phase 2 clinical trial.
. SETTING: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 68 dyads (N = 136) comprised of patients receiving HSCT and their caregivers...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820007/a-12-week-pilot-study-of-acceptance-of-a-computer-based-chronic-disease-self-monitoring-system-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-or-hypertension
#18
Mian Yan, Calvin Or
This study tested a structural model examining the effects of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, health consciousness, and application-specific self-efficacy on the acceptance (i.e. behavioral intention and actual usage) of a computer-based chronic disease self-monitoring system among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension. The model was tested using partial least squares structural equation modeling, with 119 observations that were obtained by pooling data across three time points over a 12-week period...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819763/factors-associated-with-teacher-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-tier-2-prevention-program
#19
Kevin S Sutherland, Maureen A Conroy, Bryce D McLeod, James Algina, Rachel L Kunemund
Teachers sometimes struggle to deliver evidence-based programs designed to prevent and ameliorate chronic problem behaviors of young children with integrity. Identifying factors associated with variations in the quantity and quality of delivery is thus an important goal for the field. This study investigated factors associated with teacher treatment integrity of BEST in CLASS, a tier-2 prevention program designed for young children at risk for developing emotional/behavioral disorders. Ninety-two early childhood teachers and 231 young children at-risk for emotional/behavioral disorders participated in the study...
August 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818488/education-for-wic-peer-counselors-about-breastfeeding-the-late-preterm-infant
#20
Cindi Faith Bennett, Cynthia Galloway, Jane S Grassley
Mothers of late preterm infants need ongoing support because they often find establishing breastfeeding (BF) to be complex and difficult. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children peer counselors provide BF information and emotional support to new mothers in many communities. However, their current training does not include education about BF for the late preterm infant. The purpose of this report is to present important information about BF and the late preterm infant that can enhance peer counselors' ability to offer appropriate support...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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