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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779116/a-holistic-approach-to-factors-affecting-depression-in-haemodialysis-patients
#1
REVIEW
Georgia Gerogianni, Anastasios Kouzoupis, Eirini Grapsa
Depression in dialysis populations is affected by co-morbid diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and immune dysfunction, and it also includes high suicide risk and frequent hospitalizations. Depressive disorders have a close association with malnutrition and chronic inflammation, as well as with cognitive impairment. Impaired cognitive function may be manifested as low adherence to dialysis treatment, leading to malnutrition. Additionally, chronic pain and low quality of sleep lead to high rates of depressive symptoms in haemodialysis patients, while an untreated depression can cause sleep disturbances and increased mortality risk...
May 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778642/benefits-of-a-multicomponent-falls-unit-based-exercise-program-in-older-adults-with-falls-in-real-life
#2
Rafael García Molina, Marta Carolina Ruíz Grao, Alicia Noguerón García, Marta Martínez Reig, Mariano Esbrí Víctor, Míkel Izquierdo Redín, Pedro Abizanda Soler
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Multicomponent exercise programs are the cornerstone in preventing gait and balance impairments and falls in older adults. However, the effects of these programs in usual clinical practice have been poorly analyzed. DESIGN: 4-Month, twice-a-week multicomponent exercise program cohort study in real-life. SETTING: Falls Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario of Albacete, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven participants who had experienced a fall in the previous year were included...
May 17, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778452/cognitive-performance-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-with-migraine-investigating-the-correlation-with-white-matter-hyperintensities-and-psychological-symptoms
#3
Abdulkadir Tunç, Aysel Kaya Tekeşin, Belma Doğan Güngen, Esra Arda
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the cognitive performance of migraine patients with (MwA) and without aura (MwoA) and investigate the correlation of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and psychological symptoms with their cognitive test scores. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hundred migraine patients aged 20-55 years and 80 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, and education level were enrolled. The total Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores were compared by age, sex, presence of aura, migraine duration, attack frequency, pain localization, presence and number of WMHs, and the scores of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
May 8, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778388/androgen-excess-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-society-position-statement-on-depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-eating-disorders-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Anuja Dokras, Elisabeth Stener-Victorin, Bulent O Yildiz, Rong Li, Sasha Ottey, Duru Shah, Neill Epperson, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: To formulate clinical consensus recommendations for screening depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and disordered eating symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and review prevalence based on phenotypes and ethnicity, changes over time, etiology, and impact of treatment. DESIGN: Systematic reviews and preparation of position statement. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Women with PCOS and controls screened using validated tools...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778251/the-impact-of-group-based-tai-chi-on-health-status-outcomes-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-hypertension
#5
Chunhua Ma, Wei Zhou, Qiubo Tang, Shuling Huang
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of group-based Tai chi on health-status outcomes among older adults with hypertension. BACKGROUND: A high-quality study exploring the effects of Tai chi on physical and psychosocial health for older adults with hypertension is needed in China. The long-term effects of group-based Tai chi in Chinese older adults with hypertension remain unclear. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. The group-based Tai chi training and practice were implemented in older adults over six-month...
May 16, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778071/anxious-distress-in-depressed-outpatients-prevalence-comorbidity-and-incremental-validity
#6
Anthony J Rosellini, Michelle L Bourgeois, Jeannette Correa, Esther S Tung, Svetlana Goncharenko, Timothy A Brown
The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence of the DSM-5 anxious distress specifier (AD) among depressed outpatients, to examine associations of AD with comorbid diagnoses, and to test the incremental validity of AD over comorbidity in predicting functional impairment and severity of anxiety and depression symptoms. The sample was 237 outpatients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) or persistent depressive disorder (PDD), with and without AD, using the Anxiety and Related Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-5...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778054/at-risk-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-in-a-university-student-cohort
#7
Ida S Haussleiter, Sandra Lorek, Eike Zeschel, Svenja Mattausch, Milena Meyers, Georg Juckel
To assess the occurrence and frequency of bipolar at-risk symptoms in a large sample of previously undiagnosed students using the new screening tool Bochumer Screeningbogen Bipolar (BSB). 2329 students of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany completed online demographic data as well as various self-rating questionnaires (BSB; Hypomania Checklist 32; Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale; Beck Depression Inventory). Within the student cohort (64.4% female, mean age 24.3 years) every fifth student currently suffered from moderate to severe depressive symptoms; every sixth student had already thought about suicide and every other student reported a history of mood swings...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778053/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-happiness-among-adults-in-the-general-population
#8
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Vladislav Ruchkin, Yosuke Inoue, Aki Yazawa, Yoko Kamio
Despite an increasing focus on the role of mood and emotions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as yet, there has been comparatively little research on positive emotions. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and happiness using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. The analytic sample comprised 7274 adults aged 18 and above residing in private households in England. Information was collected on ADHD symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener, while happiness was assessed with a single (3-point) measure...
May 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#9
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#11
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777950/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-prevention-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-and-opioid-use-in-at-risk-veterans-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Lilian Dindo, M Bridget Zimmerman, Katherine Hadlandsmyth, Barbara StMarie, Jennie Embree, James Marchman, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Barbara Rakel
High levels of pain, significant anxiety, and/or depressive symptoms prior to surgery put patients at elevated risk forchronic pain and prolonged opioid use following surgery. The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess the efficacy of a one-day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) workshop in "at-risk" Veterans for the prevention of chronic pain and opioid use following orthopedic surgery. In a randomized controlled trial, 88 at-risk Veterans undergoing orthopedic surgery were assigned to Treatment as Usual (TAU; N =44) or TAU plus a 1-day ACT workshop (N = 44)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777939/variation-of-genes-encoding-kat1-aadat-and-ido1-as-a-potential-risk-of-depression-development
#13
Paulina Wigner, Piotr Czarny, Ewelina Synowiec, Michał Bijak, Monika Talarowska, Piotr Galecki, Janusz Szemraj, Tomasz Sliwinski
Numerous data suggests that the disorders of tryptophan catabolites (TRYCATs) pathway, including a decreased level of tryptophan or evaluated concentration of harmful TRYCATs -kynurenine, quinolinic acid, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, 3-hydroxytryptophan - may cause the occurrence of DD symptoms. In this work, we assessed the relationship between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of KAT1, KAT2 and IDO1 gene encoding, and the risk of depression development. Our study was performed on the DNA isolated from peripheral blood of 281 depressed patients and 236 controls...
May 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777500/methamphetamine-associated-dysregulation-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid-axis
#14
Deborah L Jones, Adam W Carrico, Suat Babayigit, Violeta J Rodriguez, Carlos Aguila, Mahendra Kumar
Methamphetamine and HIV impair thyroid function, but few studies have investigated their combined effects on thyroid dysregulation. This study examined the associations of methamphetamine use alone and in combination with HIV on thyroid function among men in South Florida. Measures of thyroid function in methamphetamine-using, HIV-infected (METH+HIV+; n = 127) and HIV-negative (METH+HIV-; n = 46) men who have sex with men (MSM) were compared to non-methamphetamine-using, HIV-negative men (METH-HIV-; n = 136)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777478/the-relationship-with-restless-legs-syndrome-fibromyalgia-and-depressive-symptoms-in-migraine-patients
#15
Zehra Akdag Uzun, Semiha Kurt, Hatice Karaer Unaldi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate restless legs syndrome, depression, frequency of fibromyalgia and possible causes of its frequencies, and the relationships among these synergies and migraine's prodrome, aura, pain, and postdrome symptoms in patients with migraine. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study group included 200 patients previously or recently diagnosed with definite migraine and according to International Headache Society criteria and 200 healthy volunteers...
May 18, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777343/the-effects-of-pre-treatment-depressive-symptoms-on-quality-of-life-across-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#16
Justin M Hughes, Eric A Seemann, J Michael George, K Dean Willis
Recent studies suggest that chronic pain affects millions and carries significant physical, financial, and social burdens, and thus adversely affects quality of life (QOL). Cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (CBTp) is a non-pharmacological treatment method which has been shown to reduce a sufferer's experience of chronic pain and improve overall QOL. These and other studies also indicate that affective symptoms likely impact the effectiveness of CBTp. The current study focused on the effects of depressive symptoms on changes in QOL ratings across a 12-session CBT for chronic pain...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777318/toward-an-emerging-role-for-motivational-interviewing-in-primary-care
#17
REVIEW
Robert Keeley, Matthew Engel, Alex Reed, David Brody, Brian L Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care. RECENT FINDINGS: Two trials of MI training combined classroom time with ongoing coaching and feedback, resulting in enhanced MI ability relative to a control arm where PCPs received minimal or no MI training...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776732/posttraumatic-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-characterize-cardiac-arrest-survivors-perceived-recovery-at-hospital-discharge
#18
Alex Presciutti, Jayati Verma, Marykay Pavol, Deepti Anbarasan, Cristina Falo, Daniel Brodie, Leroy E Rabbani, David J Roh, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Sachin Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, not cognitive or functional impairment, are associated with cardiac arrest survivors' negative recovery perceptions at hospital discharge. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort of cardiac arrest patients admitted between 9/2015-5/2017. Survival to discharge with sufficient mental status to complete a psychosocial interview was the main inclusion criterion. Perceived recovery was assessed through the question, "Do you feel that you have made a complete recovery from your arrest?" The following measures were examined as potential correlates of perceived recovery: Repeatable Battery for Assessment of Neuropsychological Status, Modified Lawton Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, Barthel Index, Modified Rankin Scale, Cerebral Performance Category, Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D), and PTSD Checklist-Specific (PCL-S)...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776708/predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-children-up-c
#19
Sarah M Kennedy, Niza A Tonarely, Jamie A Sherman, Jill Ehrenreich-May
Various efficacious treatment packages exist for youth anxiety, and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is now considered to be a well-established treatment for child anxiety disorders (Higa-McMillan, Francis, Rith-Najarian, & Chorpita, 2016). Improving outcomes for the significant proportion of anxious youth who demonstrate inadequate response to CBT is imperative, but our understanding of who does and does not benefit is incomplete. Further, there are no known empirical studies of predictors of treatment response for youth who receive a transdiagnostic intervention for anxiety or depression, and it is therefore unclear whether predictors of response to a transdiagnostic treatment for children are similar to those found in previous studies of anxiety-specific treatments...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776623/nonrestorative-sleep-in-healthy-young-adults-without-insomnia-associations-with-executive-functioning-fatigue-and-pre-sleep-arousal
#20
Ruben Tinajero, Paula G Williams, Matthew R Cribbet, Holly K Rau, Daniel L Bride, Yana Suchy
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that nonrestorative sleep (NRS), even in the absence of insomnia symptoms or other sleep disorders, may be associated with daytime dysfunction. This study examined the association between NRS and daytime dysfunction in healthy adults screened for insomnia and sleep apnea. DESIGN: Multi-day assessment approach. SETTING: Community-based adults and college students. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy young adults without insomnia and sleep apnea (n = 79; 68% female, mean age = 27...
June 2018: Sleep Health
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