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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145575/validity-of-the-somatic-symptom-disorder-b-criteria-scale-ssd-12-in-primary-care
#1
Anne Toussaint, Bernhard Riedl, Simon Kehrer, Antonius Schneider, Bernd Löwe, Klaus Linde
Aim: The Somatic Symptom Disorder-B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) assesses the psychological features of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the psychometric characteristics and validity of the 12-item instrument to demonstrate its suitability in primary care. Method: The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey set in five primary care practices from Munich, Germany (n = 501, 52.0% female, mean age 47 ± 16 years)...
November 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145410/the-influence-of-computer-based-cognitive-flexibility-training-on-subjective-cognitive-well-being-after-stroke-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Renate M van de Ven, Jaap M J Murre, Jessika I V Buitenweg, Dick J Veltman, Justine A Aaronson, Tanja C W Nijboer, Suzanne J C Kruiper-Doesborgh, Coen A M van Bennekom, K Richard Ridderinkhof, Ben Schmand
BACKGROUND: Stroke can result in cognitive complaints that can have a large impact on quality of life long after its occurrence. A number of computer-based training programs have been developed with the aim to improve cognitive functioning. Most studies investigating their efficacy used only objective outcome measures, whereas a reduction of subjective cognitive complaints may be equally important for improving quality of life. A few studies used subjective outcome measures but were inconclusive, partly due to methodological shortcomings such as lack of proper active and passive control groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145409/predictors-of-suicide-ideation-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions as 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt, and about 15% will intentionally end their lives. Among young adults with BD, substance misuse, medication non-adherence, age at onset, and comorbid psychiatric conditions each predict self-harm. It is currently unclear if these same factors or others predict suicide ideation among older adults with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD over 19 days using socio-demographically targeted, social media advertising and online data collection (Mean = 58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145192/did-the-dsm-5-improve-the-traumatic-stressor-criterion-association-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-criterion-a-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#4
Sadie E Larsen, Howard Berenbaum
OBJECTIVE: A recent meta-analysis found that DSM-III- and DSM-IV-defined traumas were associated with only slightly higher posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms than nontraumatic stressors. The current study is the first to examine whether DSM-5-defined traumas were associated with higher levels of PTSD than DSM-IV-defined traumas. Further, we examined theoretically relevant event characteristics to determine whether characteristics other than those outlined in the DSM could predict PTSD symptoms...
November 17, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145077/stability-of-the-diagnosis-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-a-long-term-prospective-study
#5
Marie-Laure Cléry-Melin, Philip Gorwood, Serge Friedman, Christian Even
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is mainly characterized by a seasonal pattern of depressive recurrences over the years. However, few studies have been conducted on the long-term course of patients with SAD, whose findings raised questions about the diagnosis stability over time. This study aimed to better characterize the diagnosis evolution, and determine prognosis markers. METHODS: An initial cohort of 225 outpatients diagnosed as having a SAD, was assessed at baseline (T1) for clinical symptoms and response to bright light therapy...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#6
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144209/bidirectional-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-through-early-adulthood
#7
Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse-Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M Mason, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5- and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143950/-the-effect-of-a-short-term-group-stabilisation-training-in-patients-with-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
G Beldman, H H L M Kessels, I W de Groot
The international guideline for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (ptsd) from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (istss) recommends treatment in phases, starting with stabilisation treatment. Different forms of stabilisation training have been developed the past few years, one being short-term group stabilisation training.<br/> AIM: To map out the effects of the short-term group training.<br/> METHOD: The research implemented a pre-post design. The training consisted of five group sessions...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143722/relationship-between-the-number-of-behavioral-symptoms-in-dementia-and-caregiver-distress-what-is-the-tipping-point
#9
Paul B Arthur, Laura N Gitlin, John A Kairalla, William C Mann
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are a primary manifestation of brain dysfunction in dementia and a great challenge in caregiving. While BPSD are historically associated with caregiver distress, it is unclear whether there is an identifiable point where BPSD number is associated with heightened caregiver distress. The purpose of this study was to determine if such a tipping point exists to assist clinicians in identifying caregiver compromise. METHODS: Analyses were performed with three datasets totaling 569 community-dwelling persons with dementia and their caregivers...
November 16, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143635/a-systematic-review-of-concepts-related-to-women-s-empowerment-in-the-perinatal-period-and-their-associations-with-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-premature-birth
#10
Esmeralda R Garcia, Ilona S Yim
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period, which we here define as pregnancy and the first year postpartum, is a time in women's lives that involves significant physiological and psychosocial change and adjustment, including changes in their social status and decision-making power. Supporting women's empowerment at this particular time in their lives may be an attractive opportunity to create benefits for maternal and infant health outcomes such as reductions in perinatal depressive symptoms and premature birth rates...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143541/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chinese-people-a-meta-analysis
#11
Ting Kin Ng, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
OBJECTIVE: Over the past decade, cognitive behavioral therapy has been applied to an increasingly wider range of disorders and problems in Chinese societies. However, no meta-analysis has been conducted to synthesize the studies on cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese clients. The purpose of this meta-analytic study was to examine the overall efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese people. METHOD: A literature search was conducted using electronic databases, including Web of Science, PsycINFO and PubMed...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143534/decreased-activation-and-subsyndromal-manic-symptoms-predict-lower-remission-rates-in-bipolar-depression
#12
Marco Antonio Caldieraro, Samantha Walsh, Thilo Deckersbach, William V Bobo, Keming Gao, Terence A Ketter, Richard C Shelton, Noreen A Reilly-Harrington, Mauricio Tohen, Joseph R Calabrese, Michael E Thase, James H Kocsis, Louisa G Sylvia, Andrew A Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: Activation encompasses energy and activity and is a central feature of bipolar disorder. However, the impact of activation on treatment response of bipolar depression requires further exploration. The aims of this study were to assess the association of decreased activation and sustained remission in bipolar depression and test for factors that could affect this association. METHODS: We assessed participants with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed) bipolar depression ( n = 303) included in a comparative effectiveness study of lithium- and quetiapine-based treatments (the Bipolar CHOICE study)...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143531/the-population-mean-mood-predicts-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-an-australian-context
#13
Aaron D Sia, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco, Felice N Jacka, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: The mean population mood has been demonstrated to strongly correlate with the prevalence of depression in European populations. Mean population mood has, therefore, been proposed as both a metric to measure the impact of population-level interventions to prevent depression and a target for public health policy. AIM: To demonstrate the relationship between mean population mood and the prevalence of depression using Australian data in order to broaden the applicability of this finding to the Australian population...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143399/buprenorphine-naloxone-treatment-responses-differ-between-young-adults-with-heroin-and-prescription-opioid-use-disorders
#14
Mauricio Romero-Gonzalez, Abtin Shahanaghi, Gregory J DiGirolamo, Gerardo Gonzalez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder among young adults is rising sharply with an increase in morbidity and mortality. This study examined differences in treatment response to a fixed dose of buprenorphine-naloxone between heroin (HU) and prescriptions opioids (POU) users. METHODS: Eighty opioid dependent young adults (M = 22 years) were treated with buprenorphine-naloxone 16-4 mg/day for 8 weeks. Differences between HU (N = 17) and POU (N = 63) on changes in weekly opioid use, opioid craving, withdrawal, and depression symptoms were analyzed with mixed-effects regression models...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143193/cigarette-demand-among-smokers-with-elevated-depressive-symptoms-an-experimental-comparison-with-low-depressive-symptoms
#15
Roberto Secades-Villa, Sara Weidberg, Alba González-Roz, Derek D Reed, José R Fernández-Hermida
RATIONALE: Individuals with depression smoke more than smokers without depression. Research has shown that cigarette demand is a useful tool for quantifying tobacco reinforcement and supposes a clinical predictor of treatment outcomes. Despite previous studies examining the relative reinforcing efficacy of nicotine among different populations of smokers, to date, no study has assessed cigarette demand among individuals with elevated depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare cigarette demand among samples of smokers with low and elevated depressive symptoms...
November 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143096/-neurofeedback-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-tinnitus-review-and-future-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
T Kleinjung, C Thüring, D Güntensperger, P Neff, M Meyer
Neurofeedback is a noninvasive neuromodulation technique employing real-time display of brain activity in terms of electroencephalography (EEG) signals to teach self-regulation of distinct patterns of brain activity or influence brain activity in a targeted manner. The benefit of this approach for control of symptoms in attention deficit disorders, hyperactivity, depression, and migraine has been proven. Studies in recent years have also repeatedly shown this treatment to improve tinnitus symptoms, although it has not become established as routine therapy...
November 15, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142795/comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-opioid-dependence
#17
Rikinkumar S Patel, Ahmed Elmaadawi, Suhayl Nasr, John Haskin
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is predominant amongst individuals addicted to opioids and obscures the course of illness and the treatment outcome. We report the case of a patient with major depressive disorder and opioid dependence, who experienced post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms during a recent visit to the inpatient unit. The similarity of symptoms between post-traumatic stress disorder and opioid dependence is so high that, sometimes, it is a challenge to differentiate between these conditions...
September 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#18
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141812/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-iran
#19
Sharareh Eskandarieh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Amir Reza Azimi, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitys optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a rare demyelinating disease; as a result, the epidemiological data on this disorder is scarce. In this regard, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, serology, and clinical features of NMOSD in Caucasian population in Tehran, Iran. METHOD: A cross sectional study was performed in Tehran from 2015 to 2016 among patients registered with NMOSD diagnosis, based on consensus criteria published in 2015...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141805/treating-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-with-antidepressants-a-brief-review-of-clinical-trials-and-exploration-of-clinical-symptoms-to-guide-treatment-decisions
#20
REVIEW
Nabeela Nathoo, Aaron Mackie
Depression is a common comorbidity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Those with MS and concurrent depression have poorer quality of life and are also less likely to be compliant with disease-modifying treatment, which may ultimately affect their MS disease course. Treating depression in MS with pharmacological agents can improve not only depression, but may also impact the MS disease course. However, no guidelines exist around treating depression in MS. Few randomized-controlled trials using antidepressants in MS exist...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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