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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778817/extent-of-aortic-replacement-in-type-a-dissection-current-answers-for-an-endless-debate
#1
REVIEW
Stephen D Waterford, Rita L Gardner, Marc R Moon
BACKGROUND: The proximal and distal extent of surgery for type A dissection is the subject of this review article. METHODS: In this report, we summarize select series that illumine the issue at hand and provide insight into the surgical approach at our institution to DeBakey type I aortic dissections. RESULTS: For proximal extent, we discuss preservation of the aortic valve in the presence of aortic insufficiency, as well as management of the aortic root in the setting of root dilation...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778494/povidone-iodine-concentration-and-dosing-in-cataract-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Jagger C Koerner, Mary J George, Dale R Meyer, Michael G Rosco, Matthew M Habib
Iodine has been recognized as an effective bactericide since the 1800's, and povidone-iodine (PI) solution has been applied to the ocular surface and periocular skin since the 1980's to prevent endophthalmitis in cataract surgery. In vitro, PI solution kills bacteria very quickly at dilute concentrations (0.05-1.0%). In many instances, PI kills bacteria more quickly at these dilute concentrations than more conventional (5%-10%) concentrations. This is due to greater availability of diatomic free iodine in dilute solution, the bactericidal component of PI...
May 17, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778455/planning-post-discharge-destination-for-gastrointestinal-surgery-patients-room-for-improvement
#3
Courtney J Balentine, Kelly Kenzik, Daniel I Chu, Melanie S Morris, Sara J Knight, Cynthia J Brown, Smita Bhatia
BACKGROUND: We compared short-term recovery for patients discharged to inpatient rehabilitation versus skilled nursing facilities after gastrointestinal surgery. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted a propensity-matched cohort study of 12,939 adults discharged to inpatient rehabilitation or skilled nursing facilities after colectomy, pancreatectomy or hepatectomy at hospitals participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program from 2011 to 2014...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778336/implementation-of-the-aortic-no-touch-technique-to-reduce-stroke-after-off-pump-coronary-surgery
#4
Alexander Albert, Jürgen Ennker, Yasser Hegazy, Sebastian Ullrich, Georgi Petrov, Payam Akhyari, Stefan Bauer, Eda Ürer, Ina Carolin Ennker, Artur Lichtenberg, Horst Priss, Alexander Assmann
OBJECTIVES: Despite substantial scientific effort, the relationship between stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting and the use of the aortic no-touch off-pump technique (anOPCAB) remains incompletely understood. The present study aimed to define the effect of anOPCAB on the occurrence and time point of stroke. METHODS: A total cohort of 15,042 consecutive patients underwent surgical myocardial revascularization at a single institution. After establishing anOPCAB as routine procedure, 4695 patients received surgery by 18 different surgeons using the anaortic approach...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778249/a-preoperative-cotininury-test-for-abdominoplasty-reduces-peri-operative-complications
#5
F Delaunay, D Coquerel-Beghin, G Magalon, S R Cohen, D Casanova, J Niddam, P-Y Milliez, C Peillon, V Delpierre, I Auquit-Auckbur
BACKGROUND: Smoking induces complications in plastic surgery, in particular wound healing delays. Despite a 4-weeks' abstinence asking before and after surgery, some patients denied or hid their consumption. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cotininury detection test in terms of improvement in outcomes after an abdominoplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients who underwent an abdominoplasty with umbilical transposition and lipoaspiration...
May 16, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777851/point-of-care-ultrasound-performed-by-a-medical-student-compared-to-physical-examination-by-vascular-surgeons-in-the-detection-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#6
Trinh Mai, Michael Y Woo, Kim Boles, Prasad Jetty
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test characteristics of point-of-care ultrasonography performed by a medical student versus physical examination by vascular surgeons compared to a gold standard reference scan for the detection of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observer-blinded study recruiting patients from an outpatient vascular surgery clinic. Participants were screened for abdominal aortic aneurysms by standardized physical examination by a blinded vascular surgeon, followed by a point-of-care ultrasound examination by a blinded medical student...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777846/an-academic-tertiary-referral-center-s-experience-with-a-vascular-surgery-based-uterine-artery-embolization-program
#7
Naiem Nassiri, Adrian Balica, Nolan C Cirillo-Penn, Dustin Tyler Crystal, Gloria A Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite growing endovascular experience within the vascular surgery community, some catheter-based interventions - such as uterine artery embolization (UAE) - remain outside the clinical scope of most vascular surgeons, owing in part to established referral patterns and limited awareness among referring colleagues. We present our experience with a vascular surgery-based, multidisciplinary UAE program at an academic tertiary referral center. METHODS: In a collaborative effort between vascular surgery and gynecology, a Pelvic Vascular Disease Program has been established to provide palliative, prophylactic, and therapeutic embolizations including, but not limited to, UAE...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777671/surgical-management-and-outcomes-of-ebstein-anomaly-in-neonates-and-infants-a-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-congenital-heart-surgery-database-analysis
#8
Kimberly A Holst, Joseph A Dearani, Sameh M Said, Ryan R Davies, Christian Pizarro, Christopher Knott-Craig, T K Susheel Kumar, Vaughn Starnes, S Ram Kumar, Sara K Pasquali, Dylan P Thibault, James M Meza, Kevin D Hill, Karen Chiswell, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Marshall L Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Ebstein anomaly (EA) encompasses a broad spectrum of morphology and clinical presentation. Those who are symptomatic early in infancy are generally at highest risk, but there are limited data regarding multi-centric practice patterns and outcomes. We analyzed multi-institutional data concerning operations and outcomes in neonates and infants with EA. METHODS: Index operations reported in the STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database (2010-2016) were potentially eligible for inclusion...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#9
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777372/cardiac-surgery-2017-reviewed
#10
REVIEW
Torsten Doenst, Hristo Kirov, Alexandros Moschovas, David Gonzalez-Lopez, Rauf Safarov, Mahmoud Diab, Steffen Bargenda, Gloria Faerber
For the year 2017, more than 21,000 published references can be found in PubMed when entering the search term "cardiac surgery". This review focusses on conventional cardiac surgery, considering the new interventional techniques only if they were directly compared to classic techniques but also entails aspects of perioperative intensive care management. The publications last year provided a plethora of new and interesting information that helped to quantify classic surgical treatment effects and provided new guidelines for the management of structural heart disease, which made comparisons to interventional techniques easier...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777357/optimizing-the-image-of-fluorescence-cholangiography-using-icg-a-systematic-review-and-ex-vivo-experiments
#11
Jacqueline van den Bos, Fokko P Wieringa, Nicole D Bouvy, Laurents P S Stassen
BACKGROUND: Though often only briefly described in the literature, there are clearly factors that have an influence on the fluorescence intensity, and thereby the usefulness of the technique. This article aims to provide an overview of the factors influencing the fluorescence intensity of fluorescence imaging with Indocyanine green, primarily focussed on NIRF guided cholangiography. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to gain an overview of currently used methods in NIRF imaging in laparoscopic cholecystectomies...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777354/randomized-study-of-the-influence-of-two-dimensional-versus-three-dimensional-imaging-using-a-novel-3d-head-mounted-display-hms-3000mt-on-performance-of-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair
#12
M Patrzyk, M Klee, T Stefaniak, C D Heidecke, K Beyer
BACKGROUND: 3D laparoscopy has proven to be superior to the 2D approach in experimental settings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of 3D laparoscopy using a novel head-mounted display on the performance of defined steps within a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. This effect was investigated both in laparoscopically advanced surgeons and in beginners. METHODS: Patients suffering from symptomatic inguinal hernia were randomly assigned to laparoscopic hernia repair using either a head-mounted 3D display or a conventional 2D laparoscopic approach...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777048/corneal-shape-changes-of-the-total-and-posterior-cornea-after-temporal-versus-nasal-clear-corneal-incision-cataract-surgery
#13
Ken Hayashi, Tatsuhiko Sato, Motoaki Yoshida, Koichi Yoshimura
AIM: To compare changes in the shape and astigmatism of the total and posterior cornea between eyes with a nasal clear corneal incision (CCI) and eyes with a temporal CCI in cataract surgery. METHODS: The left eyes of 100 patients undergoing phacoemulsification were randomly assigned to undergo a 2.4 mm nasal (nasal CCI group) or temporal CCI (temporal CCI group). Corneal astigmatic changes were compared between groups using power vector analysis, and corneal shape changes were compared using videokeratography maps at 2 days, and at 2, 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776854/comparison-of-functional-outcomes-between-the-first-and-second-knee-in-staged-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-diverse-intervals-between-stages
#14
Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Ricardo Serna-Berna, Maria F Vizcaya-Moreno, Daniel Martinez-Mendez, Luis Marco-Gomez, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to analyze if the length of interval time between stages influenced functional and quality of life outcomes in patients with staged bilateral primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This is a retrospective comparative study between 93 patients with an interval between stages of 6-8 months (6-month group), 112 of 12-14 months (1-year group), and 108 of 24-26 months (2-year group). Outcome variables were Knee Society scores, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities, Short Form, and patient satisfaction...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776761/-pterygium-surgery-by-conjunctiva-autograft-with-autologous-blood-fixation
#15
C G F Nganga Ngabou, C Makita, S S Ndalla, F Nkokolo, R Messe Ambia Koulimaya, B Diatewa
INTRODUCTION: Pterygium surgery is marked by the possibility of recurrences; one of the techniques which results in the least recurrences is conjunctival autograft. Fixation of the conjunctiva had traditionally been accomplished with sutures. In recent years, conjunctival grafting has also been performed with fibrin glue. Even more recently, with a view towards improving the quality of postoperative results, some surgeons recommend the use of autologous blood. This study aims to evaluate the stability of this latest method of graft fixation, while assessing its postoperative results...
May 15, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776684/a-hybrid-technique-to-address-exposure-keratopathy-secondary-to-facial-nerve-paresis-a-combination-of-a-lateral-tarsorrhaphy-and-lateral-wedge-resection
#16
Roxana Fu, Nicholas Moore, Taha Z Shipchandler, Jonathan Y Ting, Travis Tollefson, Cyrus Rabbani, Meena Moorthy, William R Nunery, H B Harold Lee
PURPOSE: To present the results of treating combined lower eyelid laxity, retraction and midface descent secondary to facial nerve weakness with a hybrid surgical procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients from January 2015 to January 2017 who underwent a hybrid surgical technique for the treatment of corneal exposure secondary to facial nerve paresis with a single surgeon was performed. Age, gender, and presence of exposure symptoms were recorded pre-operatively...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776646/international-consortium-of-vascular-registries-consensus-recommendations-for-peripheral-revascularisation-registry-data-collection
#17
Christian-Alexander Behrendt, Daniel Bertges, Nikolaj Eldrup, Adam W Beck, Kevin Mani, Maarit Venermo, Zoltán Szeberin, Gabor Menyhei, Ian Thomson, Georg Heller, Pius Wigger, Gudmundur Danielsson, Giuseppe Galzerano, Cristina Lopez, Martin Altreuther, Birgitta Sigvant, Henrik C Rieß, Art Sedrakyan, Barry Beiles, Martin Björck, Jonathan R Boyle, E Sebastian Debus, Jack Cronenwett
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To achieve consensus on the minimum core data set for evaluation of peripheral arterial revascularisation outcomes and enable collaboration among international registries. METHODS: A modified Delphi approach was used to achieve consensus among international vascular surgeons and registry members of the International Consortium of Vascular Registries (ICVR). Variables, including definitions, from registries covering open and endovascular surgery, representing 14 countries in ICVR, were collected and analysed to define a minimum core data set and to develop an optimum data set for registries...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776596/surgical-procedures-in-health-professional-shortage-areas-impact-of-a-surgical-incentive-payment-plan
#18
Adrian Diaz, Katiuscha Merath, Fabio Bagante, Qinyu Chen, Ozgur Akgul, Eliza Beal, Jay Idrees, Griffin Olsen, Faiz Gani, Timothy M Pawlik
INTRODUCTION: The Affordable Care Act established a Center for Medicare/Medicaid Services based 10% reimbursement bonus for general surgeons in Health Professional Shortage Areas. We sought to assess the impact of the Affordable Care Act Surgery Incentive Payment on surgical procedures performed in Health Professional Shortage Areas. METHODS: Hospital utilization data from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015, were used to categorize hospitals according to Health Professional Shortage Area location...
May 15, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775973/safety-model-for-the-introduction-of-robotic-surgery-in-gynecology
#19
Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Beatriz Taliberti da Costa Porto, Jose Pedro Parise Filho, Ana Luiz Vasconcelos, Bruna Fernanda Bottura, Renato Moretti Marques
OBJECTIVE:  To analyze the perioperative results and safety of performing gynecological surgeries using robot-assisted laparoscopy during implementation of the technique in a community hospital over a 6-year period. METHODS:  This was a retrospective observational study in which the medical records of 274 patients who underwent robotic surgery from September 2008 to December 2014 were analyzed. We evaluated age, body mass index (BMI), diagnosis, procedures performed, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, the presence of a proctor (experienced surgeon with at least 20 robotic cases), operative time, transfusion rate, perioperative complications, conversion rate, length of stay, referral to the intensive care unit (ICU), and mortality...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775552/right-colon-resection-for-colon-cancer-does-surgical-approach-matter
#20
Ivy N Haskins, Tammy Ju, Matthew Skancke, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Fred Brody, Vincent Obias, Samir Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection with curative intent remains the standard of care for colon cancer. This study aims to compare the 30-day outcomes and oncologic results following open, laparoscopic, and robot-assisted right colon resection for colon cancer using the Targeted Colectomy American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing elective, right colon resection with primary anastomosis were identified within the targeted colectomy ACS-NSQIP database...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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