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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743177/traditional-suburethral-sling-operations-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#1
REVIEW
Haroon Rehman, Carlos A Bezerra, Homero Bruschini, June D Cody, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence constitutes a significant health and economic burden to society. Traditional suburethral slings are one of the surgical operations used to treat women with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of traditional suburethral slings on stress or mixed incontinence in comparison with other management options. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register (searched 3 June 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743149/-the-influence-of-anesthesia-on-perioperative-outcome-in-children-institutional-and-individual-factors
#2
Frank Fideler, Christian Grasshoff
The perioperative care of children is challenging for health care providers. Since anesthetists cannot affect the nature of the disease and have hardly an impact on the decision for surgery we summarized in this review individual and institutional factors for improving perioperative outcome by anesthetists. Individual factors include the level of education and the professional experience of the anesthetist as well as an anesthetic management that is focused on the maintenance of an adequate cerebral perfusion...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743109/robot-assisted-vesico-vaginal-fistula-repair-our-technique-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Deliu Victor Matei, Vanna Zanagnolo, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Nicolae Crisan, Matteo Ferro, Luca Bocciolone, Angelo Maggioni, Ioan Coman, Ottavio de Cobelli
OBJECTIVE: Our first objective was to report our experience on robot-assisted vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) repair after radical surgery for gynecologic malignancies without omental flap interposition using a da Vinci robotic system. The second objective was to critically review the literature in order to analyze surgical solutions used to avoid repair failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with VVF diagnosed after previous open surgery for gynecologic malignancies referred to our tertiary institutions were selected...
July 26, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743099/laparoscopic-surgery-for-colon-cancer-with-intestinal-malrotation-in-adults-two-case-reports-and-review-of-literatures-in-japan
#4
Kazuyoshi Nakatani, Katsuji Tokuhara, Tatsuma Sakaguchi, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Masanori Kon
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal malrotation is a congenital anomaly, and its occurrence in adults is rare. Colon cancer with intestinal malrotation is far more rare. We herein report two cases of colon cancer with intestinal malrotation treated with laparoscopic surgery and reviewed the literatures in Japan. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1 involved a 78-year-old man. Abdominal enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed that the tumor was located in the sigmoid colon. Intraoperatively, the cecum and ascending colon were located along the midline and the small intestine occupied the right side of the abdomen...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742994/unusual-case-of-a-massive-macroglossia-secondary-to-myxedema-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
James C Melville, Kelsey D Menegotto, Timothy C Woernley, Blake D Maida, Ibrahim Alava
Macroglossia is classified as true macroglossia, which exhibits abnormal histology with clinical findings, and relative macroglossia, in which normal histology does not correlate with pathologic enlargement. This report describes an atypical case of morbidity with massive macroglossia secondary to myxedema; the macroglossia enlarged over a 3-month period before being presented to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston (Houston, TX). Substantial enlargement of the tongue (16 cm long × 10 cm wide) was first attributed to angioedema, which was refractory to the discontinuation of lisinopril and a C1 esterase inhibitor...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742978/consideration-for-eliminating-conjunctival-closure-in-the-enucleation-procedure
#6
John D Pemberton, Hugh Wright, Brian T Fowler, Juliet Kim, James C Fleming
To compare post-operative results and complications in patients who undergo enucleation with or without suture closure of the conjunctiva. This was a retrospective chart review study. Review of 50 cases of enucleation surgery at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children's Hospital between July 2011 and December 2014. Criteria for inclusion in the study were all cases of enucleation that had extraocular muscles attached to a spherical orbital implant with or without conjunctival closure, and at least 2 months of postoperative follow up...
July 25, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742784/treatment-and-complications-of-patients-with-ipsilateral-acetabular-and-femur-fractures-a-multicenter-retrospective-analysis
#7
Justin M Hire, Preston J Boyer, Heidi Israel, Lisa K Cannada, Hassan Mir, Jason Halvorson, Gregory J Della Rocca, Bryan Ming, Brian Mullis, Chetan Deshpande
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review the treatment of ipsilateral acetabular and femur fracture patients to provide descriptive demographic data, injury pattern classification, treatment and evaluate the complication profile reflective of current practices. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort. SETTING: Eight Level 1 Trauma Centers. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 101 patients met inclusion criteria. INTERVENTION: Surgical treatment of both the acetabular and femur fracture...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742771/perioperative-amino-acid-infusion-for-preventing-hypothermia-and-improving-clinical-outcomes-during-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yoshitaka Aoki, Yukie Aoshima, Kazuyuki Atsumi, Ryo Kaminaka, Rintaro Nakau, Kyoko Yanagita, Makiko Kora, Shunsuke Fujii, Junichiro Yokoyama
Amino acid (AA) infusion is sometimes selected to avoid hypothermia during general anesthesia. However, the widespread clinical use of AA infusion therapy has not been established. This study aimed to clarify the evidence that AA infusion can increase patient body temperature and improve clinical outcomes using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. We searched MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi (Japana Centra Revuo Medicina) in November 2015...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742703/organ-preservation-in-ct2n0-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-therapy-the-impact-of-radiation-therapy-dose-escalation-and-consolidation-chemotherapy
#9
Angelita Habr-Gama, Guilherme Pagin São Julião, Bruna Borba Vailati, Jorge Sabbaga, Patricia Bailão Aguilar, Laura Melina Fernandez, Sergio Eduardo Alonso Araújo, Rodrigo Oliva Perez
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the difference in organ-preservation rates and avoidance of definitive surgery among cT2N0 rectal cancer patients undergoing 2 different chemoradiation (CRT) regimens. BACKGROUND: Patients with cT2N0 rectal cancer are more likely to develop complete response to neoadjuvant CRT. Organ preservation has been considered an alternative treatment strategy for selected patients. Radiation dose-escalation and consolidation chemotherapy have been associated with increased rates of response and may improve chances of organ preservation among these patients...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742637/is-intussusception-a-middle-of-the-night-emergency
#10
Brooke S Lampl, Jonathan Glaab, Rama S Ayyala, Rania Kanchi, Carrie B Ruzal-Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Intussusception is the most common abdominal emergency in pediatric patients aged 6 months to 3 years. There is often a delay in diagnosis, as the presentation can be confused for viral gastroenteritis. Given this scenario, we questioned the practice of performing emergency reductions in children during the night when minimal support staff are available. Pneumatic reduction is not a benign procedure, with the most significant risk being bowel perforation. We performed this analysis to determine whether it would be safe to delay reduction in these patients until normal working hours when more support staff are available...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742618/changes-in-higher-order-aberrations-after-phototherapeutic-keratectomy-for-subepithelial-corneal-infiltrates-after-epidemic-keratoconjunctivitis
#11
Burcin Kepez Yildiz, Semih Urvasizoglu, Yusuf Yildirim, Alper Agca, Nilay K Besek, Korhan Fazil, Erdem Eris, Ebru Demet Aygit, Muhittin Taskapili, Ahmet Demirok
PURPOSE: To investigate how corneal aberrations change after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) for subepithelial infiltrates after adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis. METHODS: The records of patients who underwent transepithelial PTK for subepithelial infiltrates were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (VA) and the results of slit-lamp biomicroscopy examinations were recorded. The PTK procedure was performed under topical anesthesia with an Amaris excimer laser...
July 24, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742502/temozolomide-therapy-for-resistant-prolactin-secreting-pituitary-adenomas-and-carcinomas-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mussa H Almalki, Nora Nasser Aljoaib, Maha Jurais Alotaibi, Bayan Saloum Aldabas, Tayba Saleh Wahedi, Maswood H Ahmad, Fahad Alshahrani
Pituitary tumors represent 10-15% of all intracranial tumors; of these, prolactinomas account for 40-50% of cases. Prolactinomas usually respond well to dopamine agonists (DA) as first-line therapy. However, treatment resistance remains a concern. Temozolomide (TMZ) is an oral alkylating agent that has shown promise in treating aggressive pituitary adenomas and carcinomas that are resistant to other therapies. To date, no control trials have been undertaken and only single case reports of pituitary tumors treated with TMZ have been published...
April 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742435/the-role-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-in-eras-pathways-for-open-and-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#13
Alexander J Kim, Robert Jason Yong, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: The concepts of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS(®)) have steadily increased in usage, with benefits in patient outcomes and hospital length of stay. One important component of successful implementation of ERAS protocol is optimized pain control, via the multimodal approach, which includes neuraxial or regional anesthesia techniques and reduction of opioid use as the primary analgesic. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is one such regional anesthesia technique, and it has been widely studied in abdominal surgery...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742262/bladder-neck-needle-suspension-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#14
REVIEW
Cathryn Ma Glazener, Kevin Cooper, Atefeh Mashayekhi
BACKGROUND: Bladder neck needle suspension is an operation traditionally used for moderate or severe stress urinary incontinence in women. About a third of adult women experience some urinary incontinence, and about a third of these have moderate or severe symptoms. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) imposes significant health and economic burdens on society and the women affected. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of needle suspension on stress or mixed urinary incontinence in comparison with other management options...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742255/weight-management-strategies-for-those-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-consensus-report-from-the-asia-pacific-society-of-nephrology-and-australia-and-new-zealand-society-of-nephrology-2016-renal-dietitians-meeting
#15
Kelly Lambert, Jo Beer, Ruth Dumont, Katie Hewitt, Karen Manley, Anthony Meade, Karen Salamon, Katrina Campbell
AIM: Develop a consensus report to guide dietetic management of overweight or obese individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Six statements relating weight management in CKD guided a comprehensive review of the literature. A summary of the evidence was then presented at the renal nutrition meeting of the 2016 Asia Pacific Society of Nephrology and Australia and New Zealand Society of Nephrology. Majority agreement was defined as group agreement on a statement of between 50-74%, and consensus was considered ≥ 75% agreement...
July 25, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742011/toward-late-career-transitioning-a-proposal-for-academic-surgeons
#16
Robin Richards, Robin McLeod, David Latter, Shaf Keshavjee, Ori Rotstein, Michael G Fehlings, Najma Ahmed, Avery Nathens, James Rutka
In the absence of a defined retirement age, academic surgeons need to develop plans for transition as they approach the end of their academic surgical careers. The development of a plan for late career transition represents an opportunity for departments of surgery across Canada to initiate a constructive process in cooperation with the key stakeholders in the hospital or institution. The goal of the process is to develop an individual plan for each faculty member that is agreeable to the academic surgeon; informs the surgical leadership; and allows the late career surgeon, the hospital, the division and the department to make plans for the future...
August 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741745/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-urology-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Manmeet Saluja, Peter Gilling
Venous thromboembolism is potentially a lethal problem, and is associated with chronic morbidity. Venous thromboembolism is frequently diagnosed after urological surgery, yet the role of perioperative venous thromboembolism prophylaxis is not clearly defined. Any current recommendations are largely based on evidence derived from other surgical specialties. Even within different guidelines, there remains significant variation, suggesting a consensus is required. The present review aims to define the problem of venous thromboembolism within the urological population, and identifies patients at risk...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741700/financial-aspects-of-organ-procurement-from-deceased-donors-in-the-usa-relevance-to-xenotransplantation
#18
REVIEW
Ryan J Saari, David K C Cooper
When clinical xenotransplantation is introduced, the costs associated with acquisition of a genetically engineered pig organ are as yet unknown. How will these costs compare with those currently associated with the acquisition of deceased human organs? An understanding of the financial aspects of deceased organ and tissue procurement in the USA is therefore worthwhile. We have therefore attempted to review certain economic aspects of non-profit and for-profit organizations that provide cadaveric organs and/or tissues for purposes of transplantation into patients with end-stage organ failure, cellular deficiencies, or in need of reconstructive procedures...
July 25, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741450/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-reforms-on-access-to-emergency-department-and-elective-surgery-services-1994-2014
#19
Sandeep Reddy, Peter Jones, Harsha Shanthanna, Raechel Damarell, John Wakerman
This systematic review sought to identify whether health care reforms led to improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) and elective surgery (ES) access in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. The review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42015016343), and nine databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language reports published between 1994 and 2014. We also searched relevant "grey" literature and websites. Included studies were checked for cited and citing papers...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741408/appropriateness-of-tympanostomy-tubes-in-the-boston-metropolitan-area-are-the-aao-hnsf-guidelines-being-met
#20
Amy L Hughes, David Roberson, Cassandra Bannos, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio
Introduction Otitis media (OM) is the most common reason children receive general anesthesia, with bilateral tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion the second most common surgery in children. Prior research suggests overuse of TT. As part of a project designed to improve appropriateness of OM referrals, we evaluated appropriateness of TT insertion in a patient cohort. Methods Patients younger than 9 years with initial otolaryngology (ORL) visits in academic and private office settings for OM from January 1, 2012, to August 31, 2013, were identified through claims database...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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