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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936173/combining-spect-and-quantitative-eeg-analysis-for-the-automated-differential-diagnosis-of-disorders-with-amnestic-symptoms
#1
Yvonne Höller, Arne C Bathke, Andreas Uhl, Nicolas Strobl, Adelheid Lang, Jürgen Bergmann, Raffaele Nardone, Fabio Rossini, Harald Zauner, Margarita Kirschner, Amirhossein Jahanbekam, Eugen Trinka, Wolfgang Staffen
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and Electroencephalography (EEG) have become established tools in routine diagnostics of dementia. We aimed to increase the diagnostic power by combining quantitative markers from SPECT and EEG for differential diagnosis of disorders with amnestic symptoms. We hypothesize that the combination of SPECT with measures of interaction (connectivity) in the EEG yields higher diagnostic accuracy than the single modalities. We examined 39 patients with Alzheimer's dementia (AD), 69 patients with depressive cognitive impairment (DCI), 71 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and 41 patients with amnestic subjective cognitive complaints (aSCC)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926134/early-genetic-aberrations-in-patients-with-sporadic-colorectal-cancer
#2
Brooke R Druliner, Xiaoyang Ruan, Hugues Sicotte, Daniel O'Brien, Hongfang Liu, Jean-Pierre A Kocher, Lisa Boardman
Chromosome instability (CIN) is widely observed in both sporadic and hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC). Defects in APC and WNT signaling are primarily associated with CIN in hereditary CRC, but the genetic causes for CIN in sporadic CRC remain elusive. Using high-density SNP array and exome data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we characterized loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and copy number variation (CNV) in the peripheral blood, normal colon and corresponding tumor tissue in 15 CRC patients with proficient mismatch repair (MMR) and 24 CRC patients with deficient MMR...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882580/lotus-birth-a-holistic-approach-on-physiological-cord-clamping
#3
Laura A Zinsser
BACKGROUND: The positive effects of delayed cord clamping (DCC) has been extensively researched. DCC means: waiting at least one minute after birth before clamping and cutting the cord or till the pulsation has stopped. With physiological clamping and cutting (PCC) the clamping and cutting can happen at the earliest after the pulsation has stopped. With a Lotus birth, no clamping and cutting of the cord is done. A woman called Clair Lotus Day imitated the holistic approach of PCC from an anthropoid ape in 1974...
September 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876351/optimization-of-a-synthetic-receptor-for-dimethyllysine-using-a-biphenyl-2-6-dicarboxylic-acid-scaffold-insights-into-selective-recognition-of-hydrophilic-guests-in-water
#4
Isaiah N Gober, Marcey L Waters
In the design of small molecule receptors for polar guests, much inspiration has been taken from proteins that have adapted effective ways to selectively bind polar molecules in aqueous environments. Nonetheless, molecular recognition of hydrophilic guests in water by synthetic receptors remains a challenging task. Here we report a new synthetic receptor, A2I, with improved affinity and selectivity for a biologically important polar guest, dimethyllysine (Kme2). A2I was prepared via redesign of a small molecule receptor (A2B) that preferentially binds trimethyllysine (Kme3) using dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC)...
September 6, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867287/dynamic-control-of-x-chromosome-conformation-and-repression-by-a-histone-h4k20-demethylase
#5
Katjuša Brejc, Qian Bian, Satoru Uzawa, Bayly S Wheeler, Erika C Anderson, David S King, Philip J Kranzusch, Christine G Preston, Barbara J Meyer
Chromatin modification and higher-order chromosome structure play key roles in gene regulation, but their functional interplay in controlling gene expression is elusive. We have discovered the machinery and mechanism underlying the dynamic enrichment of histone modification H4K20me1 on hermaphrodite X chromosomes during C. elegans dosage compensation and demonstrated H4K20me1's pivotal role in regulating higher-order chromosome structure and X-chromosome-wide gene expression. The structure and the activity of the dosage compensation complex (DCC) subunit DPY-21 define a Jumonji demethylase subfamily that converts H4K20me2 to H4K20me1 in worms and mammals...
September 21, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859089/flavin-monooxygenases-regulate-caenorhabditis-elegans-axon-guidance-and-growth-cone-protrusion-with-unc-6-netrin-signaling-and-rac-gtpases
#6
Mahekta R Gujar, Aubrie M Stricker, Erik A Lundquist
The guidance cue UNC-6/Netrin regulates both attractive and repulsive axon guidance. Our previous work showed that in C. elegans, the attractive UNC-6/Netrin receptor UNC-40/DCC stimulates growth cone protrusion, and that the repulsive receptor, an UNC-5:UNC-40 heterodimer, inhibits growth cone protrusion. We have also shown that inhibition of growth cone protrusion downstream of the UNC-5:UNC-40 repulsive receptor involves Rac GTPases, the Rac GTP exchange factor UNC-73/Trio, and the cytoskeletal regulator UNC-33/CRMP, which mediates Semaphorin-induced growth cone collapse in other systems...
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854530/intelligent-dynamic-clinical-checklists-improved-checklist-compliance-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#7
A J R De Bie, S Nan, L R E Vermeulen, P M E Van Gorp, R A Bouwman, A J G H Bindels, H H M Korsten
Background: Checklists can reduce medical errors. However, the effectiveness of checklists is hampered by lack of acceptance and compliance. Recently, a new type of checklist with dynamic properties has been created to provide more specific checklist items for each individual patient. Our purpose in this simulation-based study was to investigate a newly developed intelligent dynamic clinical checklist (DCC) for the intensive care unit (ICU) ward round. Methods: Eligible clinicians were invited to participate as volunteers...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843735/investigation-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-coincidence-counting-using-the-national-nuclear-array-nana-as-a-primary-standard
#8
S M Collins, R Shearman, J D Keightley, P H Regan
The National Physical Laboratory has recently been in the process of commissioning a multi-detector γ ray array - the National Nuclear Array (NANA). In this study we have sought to exploit the NANA and the excellent timing characteristics of its intrinsic LaBr3(Ce) scintillation detectors for use as a primary standardisation system. For this initial investigation, the absolute standardisation of (60)Co has been performed by the γ-γ coincidence technique using NANA and the result compared to the established 4π(LS)-γ Digital Coincidence Counting (DCC) system...
August 8, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826265/role-of-delayed-cord-clamping-in-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-neonates-a-systematic-review
#9
Bhawan Deep Garg, Anju Bansal
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity particularly in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates. The incidence of NEC varies across countries and neonatal centers in between 7-14%. AIMS: To evaluate the role of delayed cord clamping (DCC) for prevention of NEC in preterm neonates. METHOD: The literature search was done for various randomized control trial (RCT) by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, ongoing clinical trials and abstract of conferences...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817931/palladium-catalyzed-carbonylative-transformation-of-organic-halides-with-formic-acid-as-the-coupling-partner-and-co-source-synthesis-of-carboxylic-acids
#10
Fu-Peng Wu, Jin-Bao Peng, Xinxin Qi, Xiao-Feng Wu
A palladium-catalyzed carbonylative transformation of organic halides with formic acid as the coupling partner to produce carboxylic acids has been developed. With a catalytic amount of DCC as the activator of formic acid, the process can be realized successfully through benzoic formic anhydride as the intermediate. Both vinyl and aryl (pseudo)halides were conveniently transformed into the corresponding acids in good yields.
August 24, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817542/safety-of-transesophageal-echocardiography%C3%A2-guided-electrical-cardioversion-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-inadequate-anticoagulation
#11
Joanna Zaprutko, Artur Baszko, Michał Michalak, Karol Kochman, Radosław Szymański, Jan Kłopocki, Anna Nowicka, Rafał Dankowski, Marek Michalski, Piotr Kałmucki, Andrzej Szyszka
INTRODUCTION    Restoring sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)/atrial flutter (AFl) requires adequate oral anticoagulation prior to direct current cardioversion (DCC). Some patients eligible for DCC are not properly anticoagulated. OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for thrombus and spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in the left atrium (LA) as well as the safety profile of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided DCC in patients with inadequate anticoagulation...
August 9, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805620/ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-for-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates-requiring-resuscitation-at-birth
#12
Tai-Ho Hung, Ting-Xuan Huang, T'sang-T'ang Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: Difficulties often encountered during intubation in extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) neonates requiring resuscitation at birth because of the smaller airway and the pressure from the limited number of attempts before hemodynamic instability occurs. CASE REPORT: We evaluated two pregnant women at 26 weeks of gestation with premature rupture of membranes and evidence of chorioamnionitis and applied the concept of ex utero intrapartum treatment, which involved delaying cord clamping (DCC) after establishing a secured airway with adequate ventilation during cesarean delivery...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794204/chromosome-topology-guides-the-drosophila-dosage-compensation-complex-for-target-gene-activation
#13
Tamás Schauer, Yad Ghavi-Helm, Tom Sexton, Christian Albig, Catherine Regnard, Giacomo Cavalli, Eileen Em Furlong, Peter B Becker
X chromosome dosage compensation in Drosophila requires chromosome-wide coordination of gene activation. The male-specific lethal dosage compensation complex (DCC) identifies and binds to X-chromosomal high-affinity sites (HAS) from which it boosts transcription. A sub-class of HAS, PionX sites, represent first contacts on the X. Here, we explored the chromosomal interactions of representative PionX sites by high-resolution 4C and determined the global chromosome conformation by Hi-C in sex-sorted embryos. Male and female X chromosomes display similar nuclear architecture, concordant with clustered, constitutively active genes...
August 9, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780049/netrin1-establishes-multiple-boundaries-for-axon-growth-in-the-developing-spinal-cord
#14
Supraja G Varadarajan, Samantha J Butler
The canonical model for netrin1 function proposed that it acted as a long-range chemotropic axon guidance cue. In the developing spinal cord, floor-plate (FP)-derived netrin1 was thought to act as a diffusible attractant to draw commissural axons to the ventral midline. However, our recent studies have shown that netrin1 is dispensable in the FP for axon guidance. We have rather found that netrin1 acts locally: netrin1 is produced by neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the ventricular zone (VZ), and deposited on the pial surface as a haptotactic adhesive substrate that guides Dcc(+) axon growth...
August 3, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776193/calculating-the-radiological-parameters-used-in-non-human-biota-dose-assessment-tools-using-erica-tool-and-site-specific-data
#15
Maria Sotiropoulou, Heleny Florou, Georgios Kitis
The substantial complexity in ecosystem-radionuclide interactions is difficult to be represented in terms of radiological doses. Thus, radiological dose assessment tools use typical exposure situations for generalized organisms and ecosystems. In the present study, site-specific data and radioactivity measurements of terrestrial organisms (grass and herbivore mammals) and abiotic components (soil) are provided. The retrieved data are used in combination with the ERICA Assessment Tool for calculation of radiological parameters...
August 3, 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772118/wiring-the-human-brain-a-user-s-handbook
#16
REVIEW
Raphael M Bendriem, M Elizabeth Ross
Brain function requires connecting neuronal networks to empower movement, sensation, behavior, and cognition. Studies published early this year provide evidence that in humans, Netrin receptor, Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC), is a master regulator of axonal crossing throughout the neuraxis.
August 2, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771518/cholecystectomy-can-increase-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-10-cohort-studies
#17
Yong Zhang, Hao Liu, Li Li, Min Ai, Zheng Gong, Yong He, Yunlong Dong, Shuanglan Xu, Jun Wang, Bo Jin, Jianping Liu, Zhaowei Teng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the effects of cholecystectomy on the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) by conducting a meta-analysis of 10 cohort studies. METHODS: The eligible cohort studies were selected by searching the PubMed and EMBASE databases from their origination to June 30, 2016, as well as by consulting the reference lists of the selected articles. Two authors individually collected the data from the 10 papers. When the data showed marked heterogeneity, we used a random-effects model to estimate the overall pooled risk; otherwise, a fixed effects model was employed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720317/dcc-receptors-drive-prefrontal-cortex-maturation-by-determining-dopamine-axon%C3%A2-targeting-in-adolescence
#18
Lauren M Reynolds, Matthew Pokinko, Angélica Torres-Berrío, Santiago Cuesta, Laura C Lambert, Esther Del Cid Pellitero, Michael Wodzinski, Colleen Manitt, Paul Krimpenfort, Bryan Kolb, Cecilia Flores
BACKGROUND: Dopaminergic input to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) increases throughout adolescence and, by establishing precisely localized synapses, calibrates cognitive function. However, why and how mesocortical dopamine axon density increases across adolescence remains unknown. METHODS: We used a developmental application of axon-initiated recombination to label and track the growth of dopamine axons across adolescence in mice. We then paired this recombination with cell-specific knockdown of the netrin-1 receptor DCC to determine its role in adolescent dopamine axon growth...
June 16, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714144/cerebellins-are-differentially-expressed-in-selective-subsets-of-neurons-throughout-the-brain
#19
Erica Seigneur, Thomas C Südhof
Cerebellins are secreted hexameric proteins that form tripartite complexes with the presynaptic cell-adhesion molecules neurexins or 'deleted-in-colorectal-cancer', and the postsynaptic glutamate-receptor-related proteins GluD1 and GluD2. These tripartite complexes are thought to regulate synapses. However, cerebellins are expressed in multiple isoforms whose relative distributions and overall functions are not understood. Three of the four cerebellins, Cbln1, Cbln2, and Cbln4, autonomously assemble into homohexamers, whereas the Cbln3 requires Cbln1 for assembly and secretion...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702704/ezrin-orchestrates-signal-transduction-in-airway-cells
#20
Lei-Miao Yin, Ting-Ting Duan, Luis Ulloa, Yong-Qing Yang
Ezrin is a critical structural protein that organizes receptor complexes and orchestrates their signal transduction. In this study, we review the ezrin-meditated regulation of critical receptor complexes, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), CD44, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM), and the deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) receptor. We also analyze the ezrin-meditated regulation of critical pathways associated with asthma, such as the RhoA, Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK), and protein kinase A (cAMP/PKA) pathways...
July 13, 2017: Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology
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