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BMJ HEALTH AND SAFETY

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347474/online-public-reactions-to-frequency-of-diagnostic-errors-in-us-outpatient-care
#1
Traber Davis Giardina, Urmimala Sarkar, Gato Gourley, Varsha Modi, Ashley N D Meyer, Hardeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic errors pose a significant threat to patient safety but little is known about public perceptions of diagnostic errors. A study published in BMJ Quality & Safety in 2014 estimated that diagnostic errors affect at least 5% of US adults (or 12 million) per year. We sought to explore online public reactions to media reports on the reported frequency of diagnostic errors in the US adult population. METHODS: We searched the World Wide Web for any news article reporting findings from the study...
March 2016: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25959886/-conflicts-of-interest-in-public-institutions-it-will-be-the-network-to-exercise-control
#2
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched a health awareness campaign soliciting the use of antiviral drug for influenza. The claim is not supported by any statement of the Food and Drug Administration, since the Agency concluded that oseltamivir «has not been proven to have a positive impact on the potential consequences (such as hospitalizations, mortality, or economic impact) of seasonal, avian, or pandemic influenza». A feature article published in The BMJ has pointed out the fact that some pharmaceutical companies involved in production and marketing of antiviral drugs have provided funding to the CDC Foundation to support qualitative research into influenza prevention and treatment messaging...
April 2015: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25947009/contributory-factors-to-patient-safety-incidents-in-primary-care-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sally Giles, Maria Panagioti, Andrea Hernan, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi, Rebecca Lawton
BACKGROUND: Organisations need to systematically identify contributory factors (or causes) which impact on patient safety in order to effectively learn from error. Investigations of error have tended to focus on taking a reactive approach to learning from error, mainly relying on incident-reporting systems. Existing frameworks which aim to identify latent causes of error rely almost exclusively on evidence from non-healthcare settings. In view of this, the Yorkshire Contributory Factors Framework (YCFF) was developed in the hospital setting...
2015: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25187292/do-large-scale-hospital-and-system-wide-interventions-improve-patient-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Robyn Clay-Williams, Hadis Nosrati, Frances C Cunningham, Kenneth Hillman, Jeffrey Braithwaite
BACKGROUND: While health care services are beginning to implement system-wide patient safety interventions, evidence on the efficacy of these interventions is sparse. We know that uptake can be variable, but we do not know the factors that affect uptake or how the interventions establish change and, in particular, whether they influence patient outcomes. We conducted a systematic review to identify how organisational and cultural factors mediate or are mediated by hospital-wide interventions, and to assess the effects of those factors on patient outcomes...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23474791/the-role-of-organisational-and-cultural-factors-in-the-implementation-of-system-wide-interventions-in-acute-hospitals-to-improve-patient-outcomes-protocol-for-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Hadis Nosrati, Robyn Clay-Williams, Frances Cunningham, Ken Hillman, Jeffrey Braithwaite
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the role of the organisational culture in the success and sustainability of the hospital-wide interventions, and how local culture affects patient outcomes in acute hospitals. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic literature review will be conducted to identify organisational factors influencing hospital-wide interventions and patient outcomes. A search of English language articles will be performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsychInfo and Global Health databases using Medical Subject Headings and keywords...
2013: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19454097/infantile-colic
#6
REVIEW
Peter Lucassen
INTRODUCTION: Infantile colic causes one in six families (17%) with children to consult a health professional. One systematic review of 15 community-based studies found a wide variation in prevalence, which depended on study design and method of recording. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for infantile colic? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other important databases up to January 2007 (BMJ Clinical evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
2007: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19450364/primary-prevention-of-cvd-diet-and-weight-loss
#7
REVIEW
Lee Hooper
INTRODUCTION: Diet is an important cause of many chronic diseases. Individual change in behaviour has the potential to decrease the burden of chronic disease, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of interventions in the general population to reduce sodium intake? What are the effects of a cholesterol-lowering diet in the general population? What are the effects of interventions to increase or maintain weight loss? What are the effects of eating more fruit and vegetables on reducing CVD risk in the general population? What are the effects of antioxidants on reducing CVD risk in the general population? What are the effects of omega 3 fatty acids on reduction of CVD risk in the general population? What are the effects of a Mediterranean diet on reduction of CVD risk in the general population? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other important databases up to August 2006 (BMJ Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
2007: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19445811/alcohol-misuse
#8
REVIEW
Simon Coulton
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity internationally, and is ranked by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the top five risk factors for disease burden. Without treatment, approximately 16% of hazardous or harmful alcohol users will progress to more dependent patterns of alcohol consumption. This review covers interventions in hazardous or harmful but not dependent alcohol users. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the primary-care setting? What are the effects of interventions in hazardous or harmful drinkers in the emergency-department setting? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to November 2006 (BMJ Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
2008: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19445807/scabies
#9
REVIEW
Prof Paul Johnstone, Mark Strong
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a common public health problem, with an estimated prevalence of 300 million cases worldwide, the majority in resource-poor countries. In industrialised countries, it is most common in institutionalised communities. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of topical treatments for scabies? What are the effects of systemic treatments for scabies? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to October 2007 (BMJ Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
2008: Clinical Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19414434/reporting-of-mmr-evidence-in-professional-publications-1988-2007
#10
S Hilton, K Hunt, M Langan, V Hamilton, M Petticrew
OBJECTIVE: To examine how journals and magazines disseminate research evidence and guidance on best practice to health professionals by aligning commentaries on measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) evidence in journals with key events in the MMR controversy. DESIGN: Content analysis. DATA SOURCES: Comment articles in six commonly read UK publications. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of comment pieces by publication, year and article type; trends in the focus, tone and inclusion of recommendations on MMR...
November 2009: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17250764/effect-of-point-of-care-information-on-inpatient-management-of-bronchiolitis
#11
W James King, Nicole Le Saux, Margaret Sampson, Isabelle Gaboury, Mark Norris, David Moher
BACKGROUND: We studied the effects of access to point-of-care medical evidence in a computerised physician order entry system (CPOE) on management and clinical outcome of children with bronchiolitis. METHODS: This was a before-after study that took place in a Canadian tertiary care paediatric teaching hospital. The intervention was a clinical evidence module (CEM) for bronchiolitis management, adapted from Clinical Evidence (BMJ Publishing Group) and integrated into the hospital CPOE...
2007: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10827537/-we-should-reduce-adverse-incidents-and-increase-safety-in-health-care-the-topic-of-the-bmj-from-march-18-2000-reducing-error-and-improving-safety
#12
REVIEW
B L Pedersen, L Højgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2000: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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