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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#1
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667607/blunt-abdominal-trauma-following-gunshot-wound-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Afron Mici
Blunt abdominal trauma following gunshot wound. Case report and literature review Introduction: Similarly to blast weapons, every firearm produces explosion at the moment of shooting, which can cause injuries in every region of the body. The aim of this paper is to present the mechanism of blunt abdominal injury following gunshot wounds, bringing this uncommon disease to the clinicians' attention and to review the literature available. CASE REPORT: A patient developed a delayed bowel perforation following a gunshot injury of the abdomen without breaking of the peritoneum...
April 20, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667542/multi-objective-optimization-model-of-intersection-signal-timing-considering-emission-based-on-field-data-a-case-study-of-beijing
#3
Weibin Kou, Xumei Chen, Lei Yu, Huibo Gong
Most existing signal timing models are aimed to minimize the total delay and stops at intersections, without considering environmental factors. This paper analyzes the trade-off between vehicle emission and traffic efficiencies on the basis of the field data. First, considering the different operating modes of cruising, acceleration, deceleration, and idling, the field data of emissions and GPS are collected to estimate emission rates for the heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles. Second, multi-objective signal timing optimization model is established based on a genetic algorithm to minimize delay, stops, and emissions...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667178/cost-utility-analysis-of-bariatric-surgery
#4
O Borisenko, V Lukyanov, A R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate the cost-utility of bariatric surgery in England. METHODS: A state-transition Markov model was developed to compare the costs and outcomes of two treatment approaches for patients with morbid obesity: bariatric surgery, including gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and adjustable gastric banding; and non-surgical usual care. Parameters of the effectiveness of surgery and complications were informed by data from the UK National Bariatric Surgery Registry, the Scandinavian Obesity Registry and the Swedish Obese Subjects study...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667095/can-postoperative-deltoid-weakness-after-cervical-laminoplasty-be-prevented-by-using-intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring
#5
Muneharu Ando, Tetsuya Tamaki, Takuji Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Maio, Masatoshi Teraguchi, Noboru Takiguchi, Hiroki Iwahashi, Makiko Onishi, Yukihiro Nakagawa, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Shunji Tsutsui, Masanari Takami, Hiroshi Yamada
Laminoplasty, frequently performed in patients with cervical myelopathy, is safe and provides relatively good results. However, motor palsy of the upper extremities, which occurs after decompression surgery for cervical myelopathy, often reduces muscle strength of the deltoid muscle, mainly in the C5 myotome. The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively whether postoperative deltoid weakness (DW) can be predicted by performing intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) during cervical laminoplasty and to clarify whether it is possible to prevent palsy using IONM...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666771/effects-of-mixing-eggs-of-different-initial-incubation-time-on-the-hatching-pattern-chick-embryonic-development-and-post-hatch-performance
#6
Zhentao Zhong, Yue Yu, Shufang Jin, Jinming Pan
Background: The hatch window that varies from 24 to 48 h is known to influence post-hatch performance of chicks. A narrow hatch window is needed for commercial poultry industry to acquire a high level of uniformity of chick quality. Hatching synchronization observed in avian species presents possibilities in altering hatch window in artificial incubation. Methods: Layer eggs which were laid on the same day by a single breeder flock and stored for no more than two days started incubation 12 h apart to obtain developmental distinction...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666533/purple-head-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica-plenck-a-functional-food-crop-for-antioxidant-and-anticancer-potential
#7
Ashun Chaudhary, Sonika Choudhary, Upendra Sharma, Adarsh Pal Vig, Bikram Singh, Saroj Arora
Natural foods are used in many folks and household treatments and have immense potential to treat a serious complication and health benefits, in addition to the basic nutritional values. These food products improve health, delay the aging process, increase life expectancy, and possibly prevent chronic diseases. Purple head Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck is one of such foods and in current studies was explored for chemical compounds at different development stages by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666363/altered-function-and-maturation-of-primary-cortical-neurons-from-a-22q11-2-deletion-mouse-model-of-schizophrenia
#8
Ziyi Sun, Damian J Williams, Bin Xu, Joseph A Gogos
Given its high penetrance, clearly delineated and evolutionary conserved genomic structure, mouse models of the 22q11.2 deletion provide an ideal organism-based and cell-based model of this well-established disease mutation for schizophrenia. In this study we examined the development of changes in intrinsic properties, action potential firing and synaptic transmission using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of cultured embryonic cortical neurons from Df(16)A +/- and WT mice at DIV7 and DIV14, respectively. Compared to neurons from the WT littermates, significantly increased input resistance and decreased rising rate of action potential was observed in Df(16)A +/- mice at DIV7 but not at DIV14 indicative of delayed neuronal maturation...
April 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666323/schinzel-giedion-syndrome-a-novel-case-review-and-revised-diagnostic-criteria
#9
Wei-Liang Liu, Zhi-Xu He, Fang Li, Rong Ai, Hong-Wei Ma
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome (SGS) is a rare autosomal dominant inheritance disorder. Heterozygous de novo mutations in the SETBP1 gene have been identified as the genetic cause of SGS. Here, we report a novel case with the syndrome with a novel insertion mutation in SETBP1. We also present a review of SGS cases, and first revise diagnostic criteria of SGS based on clinicalfindings and/or SETBP1 mutation worldwide. A revised diagnostic criteria and typing of SGS can be determined. Type I (complex and classic type) SGS patients present a development delay and typical facial features (prominent forehead, midface retraction, and short and upturned nose) associated with hydronephrosis or two of the characteristic skeletal anomalies (a sclerotic skull base, wideoccipital synchondrosis, increased cortical density or thickness, and broad ribs)...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666229/drought-delays-development-of-the-sorghum-root-microbiome-and-enriches-for-monoderm-bacteria
#10
Ling Xu, Dan Naylor, Zhaobin Dong, Tuesday Simmons, Grady Pierroz, Kim K Hixson, Young-Mo Kim, Erika M Zink, Kristin M Engbrecht, Yi Wang, Cheng Gao, Stephanie DeGraaf, Mary A Madera, Julie A Sievert, Joy Hollingsworth, Devon Birdseye, Henrik V Scheller, Robert Hutmacher, Jeffery Dahlberg, Christer Jansson, John W Taylor, Peggy G Lemaux, Devin Coleman-Derr
Drought stress is a major obstacle to crop productivity, and the severity and frequency of drought are expected to increase in the coming century. Certain root-associated bacteria have been shown to mitigate the negative effects of drought stress on plant growth, and manipulation of the crop microbiome is an emerging strategy for overcoming drought stress in agricultural systems, yet the effect of drought on the development of the root microbiome is poorly understood. Through 16S rRNA amplicon and metatranscriptome sequencing, as well as root metabolomics, we demonstrate that drought delays the development of the early sorghum root microbiome and causes increased abundance and activity of monoderm bacteria, which lack an outer cell membrane and contain thick cell walls...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665878/recent-changes-in-reproductive-phenology-of-a-k-selected-aquatic-insect-predator-belostoma-flumineum-say-heteroptera-belostomatidae
#11
S L Kight, G L Coffey, A W Tanner, M P Dmytriw, S L Tedesco, J Hoang, A K Aboagye
The timing of critical events like mating, migration, and development has noticeably and recently shifted in many populations of diverse organisms. Here, we report a change in the breeding phenology of giant waterbugs, Belostoma flumineum Say (Heteroptera, Belostomatidae), in the northeastern United States. Waterbugs collected in 2005 and 2006 exhibited previously typical patterns of mating and reproduction: two annual reproductive peaks in which overwintered adults mated in the spring and young adults from a new generation mated in the fall...
April 18, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665781/machine-learning-methods-reveal-the-temporal-pattern-of-dengue-incidence-using-meteorological-factors-in-metropolitan-manila-philippines
#12
Thaddeus M Carvajal, Katherine M Viacrusis, Lara Fides T Hernandez, Howell T Ho, Divina M Amalin, Kozo Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Several studies have applied ecological factors such as meteorological variables to develop models and accurately predict the temporal pattern of dengue incidence or occurrence. With the vast amount of studies that investigated this premise, the modeling approaches differ from each study and only use a single statistical technique. It raises the question of whether which technique would be robust and reliable. Hence, our study aims to compare the predictive accuracy of the temporal pattern of Dengue incidence in Metropolitan Manila as influenced by meteorological factors from four modeling techniques, (a) General Additive Modeling, (b) Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average with exogenous variables (c) Random Forest and (d) Gradient Boosting...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665548/management-and-time-preferences-for-lakes-restoration-in-brazil
#13
William F Vásquez, Carlos E de Rezende
As in many developing countries, the eutrophication of lakes has become one of the most severe environmental problems in Brazil. We implemented a choice experiment to investigate local preferences for the restoration of five lakes in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil. This study focuses on two attributes of the proposed environmental project: 1) the delay in reaching the targeted level of water quality and 2) the institution that would manage the lakes restoration project. Choice responses are analyzed using a mixed logit model to control for potential heterogeneity among respondents...
April 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665539/impulsive-synchronization-of-stochastic-reaction-diffusion-neural-networks-with-mixed-time-delays
#14
Yin Sheng, Zhigang Zeng
This paper discusses impulsive synchronization of stochastic reaction-diffusion neural networks with Dirichlet boundary conditions and hybrid time delays. By virtue of inequality techniques, theories of stochastic analysis, linear matrix inequalities, and the contradiction method, sufficient criteria are proposed to ensure exponential synchronization of the addressed stochastic reaction-diffusion neural networks with mixed time delays via a designed impulsive controller. Compared with some recent studies, the neural network models herein are more general, some restrictions are relaxed, and the obtained conditions enhance and generalize some published ones...
March 29, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665518/early-intervention-for-adolescents-at-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-interpersonal-and-social-rhythm-therapy-ipsrt
#15
Tina R Goldstein, John Merranko, Megan Krantz, Matthew Garcia, Peter Franzen, Jessica Levenson, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot randomized trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy plus Data-Informed Referral (IPSRT + DIR) versus DIR-alone for adolescents at-risk for bipolar disorder (BP). METHOD: Eligible participants included youth (12-18) with a BP parent; youth with BP were excluded. Participants (n = 42) were randomized to receive IPSRT + DIR to treat any psychiatric disorders present at baseline, or DIR-alone. A blind evaluator assessed outcomes at baseline, 3- and 6-months...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665495/towards-better-microbial-safety-of-fresh-produce-chlorophyllin-based-photosensitization-for-microbial-control-of-foodborne-pathogens-on-cherry-tomatoes
#16
Egle Paskeviciute, Bernadeta Zudyte, Zivile Luksiene
The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial efficiency of Chlorophyllin-based photosensitization for microbial control of cherry tomatoes. Chlorophyllin-based photosensitization (1.5 × 10-4  M, 3 J/cm2 ) significantly (2.4 log) reduced the population of naturally distributed surface attached various mesophilic bacteria (microbiota) on tomatoes. Moreover, the population of thermoresistant strains of food pathogens Bacillus cereus and Listeria monocytogenes inoculated on tomatoes was reduced by 1...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665189/prevalence-risk-factors-and-impact-of-donor-specific-alloantibodies-after-adult-liver-transplantation
#17
Katia Vandevoorde, Stéphanie Ducreux, Alexie Bosch, Olivier Guillaud, Valérie Hervieu, Christine Chambon-Augoyard, Domitille Poinsot, Patrice André, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Philip Robinson, Olivier Boillot, Valérie Dubois, Jérôme Dumortier
The incidence and impact of anti-HLA donor-specific alloantibodies (DSA) developing after liver transplantation (LT) remains controversial and not extensively studied. The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of DSA, identify risk factors for the development of DSA, and the impact of DSA in a large population of adult LT recipients. This single center retrospective study included all adult patients who underwent a first LT between 2000 and 2010 in our center. The study population mainly consisted in male patients, the mean age was 52...
April 17, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665124/how-does-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-start-prodromal-cognitive-changes-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#18
Daphné Génier Marchand, Ronald B Postuma, Frédérique Escudier, Jessie De Roy, Amélie Pelletier, Jacques Montplaisir, Jean-François Gagnon
Objective We describe the progression of cognitive decline and identify the predictive values of cognitive tests in three groups of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) patients classified at their last follow-up as having Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), or still-idiopathic. Methods Patients (n=109) underwent polysomnographic, neurological, and neuropsychological assessments. We used linear mixed-model analyses to compare the progression of cognitive test performance between the three groups over a three-year prodromal period, and performed linear regressions for a six-year prodromal period...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665106/conditional-deletion-of-neurog1-in-the-cerebellum-of-postnatal-mice-delays-inhibitory-interneuron-maturation
#19
Edwin A Obana, Qiong Zhou, Orion Furmanski, Martin L Doughty
The transcriptional programs that drive the generation of diverse GABAergic neuron populations from their common progenitor pools in the developing cerebellum remain unclear. Neurog1 is a pro-neural basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor expressed in GABAergic progenitor cells in the ventricular zone (VZ) of embryos and subsequently in the presumptive white matter (pWM) tracts of developing postnatal mice. Genetic inducible fate-mapping labels Purkinje cells and all inhibitory interneuron cell types of the cerebellar cortex...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664956/you-pray-to-your-god-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-in-the-provision-of-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda
#20
Katherine Albutt, Rachel R Yorlets, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Five billion people lack access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical and anesthesia care. Significant challenges remain in the provision of surgical care in low-resource settings. Uganda is no exception. METHODS: From September to November 2016, we conducted a mixed-methods countrywide surgical capacity assessment at 17 randomly selected public hospitals in Uganda. Researchers conducted 35 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to understand factors related to the provision of surgical care...
2018: PloS One
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