keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

African asian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924143/-live-chat-clients-at-kids-help-phone-individual-characteristics-and-problem-topics
#1
Dilys Haner, Debra Pepler
OBJECTIVE: Young people in Canada prefer to use the Internet over face-to-face contact when seeking help for problems of daily living and mental health problems. Kids Help Phone (KHP) provides on-demand, anonymous help to young people via telephone and Live Chat technologies. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-two phone clients and 230 Live Chat clients responded to a questionnaire at this otherwise anonymous service, providing previously inaccessible data about their individual characteristics and characterizations of the problems for which they sought help...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#2
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917881/distinct-and-shared-determinants-of-cardiomyocyte-contractility-in-multi-lineage-competent-ethnically-diverse-human-ipscs
#3
Martin L Tomov, Zachary T Olmsted, Haluk Dogan, Eda Gongorurler, Maria Tsompana, Hasan H Otu, Michael Buck, Eun-Ah Chang, Jose Cibelli, Janet L Paluh
The realization of personalized medicine through human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology can be advanced by transcriptomics, epigenomics, and bioinformatics that inform on genetic pathways directing tissue development and function. When possible, population diversity should be included in new studies as resources become available. Previously we derived replicate iPSC lines of African American, Hispanic-Latino and Asian self-designated ethnically diverse (ED) origins with normal karyotype, verified teratoma formation, pluripotency biomarkers, and tri-lineage in vitro commitment...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916277/the-cost-effectiveness-of-hla-b-5801-screening-to-guide-initial-urate-lowering-therapy-for-gout-in-the-united-states
#4
Eric Jutkowitz, Maureen Dubreuil, Na Lu, Karen M Kuntz, Hyon K Choi
OBJECTIVE: Positive HLA-B*5801 carriers are at greater risk of experiencing rare but severe allopurinol hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS) [i.e., Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)]; however, HLA-B*5801 prevalence and AHS risk vary by race/ethnicity. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of HLA-B*5801 testing according to race/ethnicity in the United States. METHODS: We determined the cost-effectiveness of universal testing for HLA-B*5801 compared to no testing prior to the initiation of allopurinol per US major race/ethnicity groups...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911897/heterologous-protection-against-asian-zika-virus-challenge-in-rhesus-macaques
#5
Matthew T Aliota, Dawn M Dudley, Christina M Newman, Emma L Mohr, Dane D Gellerup, Meghan E Breitbach, Connor R Buechler, Mustafa N Rasheed, Mariel S Mohns, Andrea M Weiler, Gabrielle L Barry, Kim L Weisgrau, Josh A Eudailey, Eva G Rakasz, Logan J Vosler, Jennifer Post, Saverio Capuano, Thaddeus G Golos, Sallie R Permar, Jorge E Osorio, Thomas C Friedrich, Shelby L O'Connor, David H O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV; Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) was declared a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2016, because of the evidence linking infection with ZIKV to neurological complications, such as Guillain-Barre Syndrome in adults and congenital birth defects including microcephaly in the developing fetus. Because development of a ZIKV vaccine is a top research priority and because the genetic and antigenic variability of many RNA viruses limits the effectiveness of vaccines, assessing whether immunity elicited against one ZIKV strain is sufficient to confer broad protection against all ZIKV strains is critical...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911277/gstm1-and-gstt1-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-increased-bladder-cancer-risk-evidence-from-updated-meta-analysis
#6
Cui Yu, Chen Hequn, Liu Longfei, Wang Long, Chen Zhi, Zeng Feng, Chen Jinbo, Li Chao, Zu Xiongbing
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated association between GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms and bladder cancer susceptibility, but the results have been inconclusive. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between GSTM1/GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms and bladder cancer susceptibility. METHODS: We searched for all studies investigating the association between GSTM1 or GSTT1 polymorphism and bladder cancer susceptibility in Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Central Search Library...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909440/introgressing-subgenome-components-from-brassica-rapa-and-b-carinata-to-b-juncea-for-broadening-its-genetic-base-and-exploring-intersubgenomic-heterosis
#7
Zili Wei, Meng Wang, Shihao Chang, Chao Wu, Peifa Liu, Jinling Meng, Jun Zou
Brassica juncea (A(j)A(j)B(j)B(j)), is an allotetraploid that arose from two diploid species, B. rapa (A(r)A(r)) and B. nigra (B(n)B(n)). It is an old oilseed crop with unique favorable traits, but the genetic improvement on this species is limited. We developed an approach to broaden its genetic base within several generations by intensive selection. The A(r) subgenome from the Asian oil crop B. rapa (A(r)A(r)) and the B(c) subgenome from the African oil crop B. carinata (B(c)B(c)C(c)C(c)) were combined in a synthesized allohexaploid (A(r)A(r)B(c)B(c)C(c)C(c)), which was crossed with traditional B...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903613/the-effect-of-an-extreme-and-prolonged-population-bottleneck-on-patterns-of-deleterious-variation-insights-from-the-greenlandic-inuit
#8
Casper-Emil T Pedersen, Kirk E Lohmueller, Niels Grarup, Peter Bjerregaard, Torben Hansen, Hans R Siegismund, Ida Moltke, Anders Albrechtsen
The genetic consequences of population bottlenecks on patterns of deleterious genetic variation in human populations are of tremendous interest. Based on exome sequencing of 18 Greenlandic Inuit here we show that the Inuit have undergone a severe ~20,000 year long bottleneck. This has led to a markedly more extreme distribution of allele frequencies than seen for any other human population, making the Inuit the perfect population for investigating the effect of a bottleneck on patterns of deleterious variation...
November 30, 2016: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902331/the-plasma-virome-of-febrile-adult-kenyans-shows-frequent-parvovirus-b19-infections-and-a-novel-arbovirus-kadipiro-virus
#9
Carolyne Ngoi, Juliana Siqueira, Linlin Li, Xutao Deng, Peter Mugo, Susan Graham, Matt Price, Eduard Sanders, Eric Delwart
Viral nucleic acids present in the plasma of 498 Kenyan adults with unexplained fever were characterized by metagenomics analysis of 51 sample pools. The highest to lowest fraction of plasma pools was positive for parvovirus B19 (75%), pegivirus C (GBV-C) (67%), alpha anellovirus (59%), gamma anellovirus (55%), beta anellovirus (41%), Dengue virus genotype 2 (DENV-2) (16%), HIV-1 (6%), HHV-6 (6%), HBV (4%), rotavirus (4%), norovirus (4%), rhinovirus C (2%), Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV)(2%) and Kadipiro virus (2%)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899373/influence-of-geolocation-and-ethnicity-on-the-phenotypic-expression-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-at-diagnosis-in-8310-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-big-data-sj%C3%A3-gren-project-consortium
#10
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Margit Zeher, Astrid Rasmussen, Raphaele Seror, Elke Theander, Xiaomei Li, Chiara Baldini, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Debashish Danda, Luca Quartuccio, Roberta Priori, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Aike A Kruize, Valeria Valim, Marika Kvarnstrom, Damien Sene, Roberto Gerli, Sonja Praprotnik, David Isenberg, Roser Solans, Maureen Rischmueller, Seung-Ki Kwok, Gunnel Nordmark, Yasunori Suzuki, Roberto Giacomelli, Valerie Devauchelle-Pensec, Michele Bombardieri, Benedikt Hofauer, Hendrika Bootsma, Johan G Brun, Guadalupe Fraile, Steven E Carsons, Tamer A Gheita, Jacques Morel, Cristina Vollenveider, Fabiola Atzeni, Soledad Retamozo, Ildiko Fanny Horvath, Kathy Sivils, Thomas Mandl, Pulukool Sandhya, Salvatore De Vita, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Eefje van der Heijden, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Xavier Mariette, Manuel Ramos-Casals
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of geolocation and ethnicity on the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) at diagnosis. METHODS: The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry designed in 2014. By January 2016, 20 centres from five continents were participating. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 7748 women (93%) and 562 men (7%), with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 53 years...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899115/characterizing-the-impact-of-sustained-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-use-upon-the-plasmodium-falciparum-population-in-malawi
#11
Matt Ravenhall, Ernest Diez Benavente, Mwapatsa Mipando, Anja T R Jensen, Colin J Sutherland, Cally Roper, Nuno Sepúlveda, Dominic P Kwiatkowski, Jacqui Montgomery, Kamija S Phiri, Anja Terlouw, Alister Craig, Susana Campino, Harold Ocholla, Taane G Clark
BACKGROUND: Malawi experienced prolonged use of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) as the front-line anti-malarial drug, with early replacement of chloroquine and delayed introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy. Extended use of SP, and its continued application in pregnancy is impacting the genomic variation of the Plasmodium falciparum population. METHODS: Whole genome sequence data of P. falciparum isolates covering 2 years of transmission within Malawi, alongside global datasets, were used...
November 29, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892694/gene-polymorphism-profiles-of-drug-metabolising-enzymes-gstm1-gstt1-and-gstp1-in-an-argentinian-population
#12
Natalia Weich, Alejandro Roisman, Belén Cerliani, Hilda V Aráoz, Lilien Chertkoff, Silvina M Richard, Irma Slavutsky, Irene B Larripa, Ariela F Fundia
BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are drug-metabolising enzymes involved in biotransformation of carcinogens, drugs, xenobiotics and oxygen free radicals. Polymorphisms of GST genes contribute to inter-individual and population variability in the susceptibility to environmental risk factors, cancer predisposition and pharmacotherapy responses. However, data about GST variability in Argentina are lacking. AIM: The purpose was to determine the prevalence of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms in the general population from a central region of Argentina and to perform inter-population comparisons...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890344/community-level-moderators-of-a-school-based-childhood-sexual-assault-prevention-program
#13
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Kim Janecek, Rachel Freeman, Alyssa Mielock, Judy Garber
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is highly prevalent and associated with a wide variety of negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based CSA education and prevention programs have shown promise, but it is unclear to what extent community-level characteristics are related to their effectiveness. The present cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated community-level moderators of the Safe@Lastprogramcomparedtoawaitlistcontrolcondition.(*) Knowledge gains from pre- to post-intervention were assessed in 5 domains: safe versus unsafe people; safe choices; problem-solving; clear disclosure; and assertiveness...
November 24, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887992/does-elevated-progesterone-on-day-of-oocyte-maturation-play-a-role-in-the-racial-disparities-in-ivf-outcomes
#14
Micah J Hill, G Donald Royster, Mansi Taneja, Mae Wu Healy, Shvetha M Zarek, Alicia Y Christy, Alan H DeCherney, Eric Widra, Kate Devine
The aim of this study was to evaluate if premature progesterone elevation on the last day of assisted reproduction technique stimulation contributes to racial disparities. A total of 3289 assisted reproduction technique cycles were evaluated in Latino, Asian, African American, and white women. Live birth was more likely in white women (42.6%) compared with Asian (34.8%) and African American women (36.3%), but was similar to Latino women (40.7%). In all racial groups, progesterone was negatively associated with live birth and the negative effect of progesterone persisted when adjusting for confounders...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885772/clinical-practice-patterns-on-the-use-of-magnesium-sulphate-for-treatment-of-pre-eclampsia-and-eclampsia-a-multi-country-survey
#15
Q Long, O T Oladapo, S Leathersich, J P Vogel, G Carroli, P Lumbiganon, Z Qureshi, A M Gülmezoglu
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the current clinical practice patterns regarding the use of magnesium sulphate (MgSO4 ) for eclampsia prevention and treatment in a multi-country network of health facilities and compare with international recommendations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A total of 147 health facilities in 15 countries across Africa, Latin America and Asia. POPULATION: Heads of obstetric departments or maternity units...
November 24, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884689/demographic-predictors-of-pain-sensitivity-results-from-the-oppera-study
#16
Cara Ostrom, Eric Bair, William Maixner, Ronald Dubner, Roger B Fillingim, Richard Ohrbach, Gary D Slade, Joel D Greenspan
: The demographic factors of sex, age, and race/ethnicity are well recognized as relevant to pain sensitivity and clinical pain expression.Of these, sex differences have been the most frequently studied, and most of the literature describes greater pain sensitivity for women.The other two factors have been less frequently evaluated, and current literature is not definitive.Taking advantage of the large OPPERA study cohort, we evaluated the association of sex, age, and self-reported race with 34 measures of pressure, mechanical, and thermal pain sensitivity encompassing both threshold and suprathreshold perception...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882718/catching-up-or-falling-behind-continuing-wealth-disparities-for-immigrants-to-canada-by-region-of-origin-and-cohort
#17
Michelle Maroto, Laura Aylsworth
This paper investigates wealth disparities among first-generation immigrants using data from the 2012 Survey of Financial Security. We apply logistic and linear regression models to estimate disparities in homeownership and household equivalent net worth by immigrant status, region of origin, and time since arrival. By focusing on immigrant families from different regions who entered Canada at different points in time, this research applies theories related to assimilation, human capital, and structural barriers to wealth...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882270/impact-of-race-ethnicity-on-pain-management-outcomes-in-a-community-based-teaching-hospital-following-inpatient-palliative-care-consultation
#18
Duc Chung, Austin Sue, Susan Hughes, James Simmons, Tegest Hailu, Christine Swift, Patrick Macmillan
OBJECTIVE: To examine race/ethnicity differences in pain management outcomes following inpatient palliative care consultation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study based on data from a community-based teaching hospital in Fresno, CA, USA, from April 2014 to July 2015. One hundred sixty-one patients with life-limiting diagnoses and palliative care pain-related consultations were included. The patients were categorized into four racial groups: Caucasians, African-Americans, Hispanics, and Asians/Others...
October 10, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882096/association-between-clusterin-gene-polymorphism-rs11136000-and-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-susceptibility-a-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#19
Wenjin Du, Jiping Tan, Wei Xu, Jinwen Chen, Luning Wang
The present study aimed to evaluate the association between rs11136000 in clusterin (CLU) and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) by meta-analysis. Several databases including PubMed, EMbase, CBMdisc and CMCC were searched for relevant case-control studies based on defined selection criteria. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the rs11136000 genotype and allele distribution were analyzed with RevMan and Stata software. The control population and heterogeneity between populations were examined in the selected studies using the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881059/natural-products-with-antiplatelet-action
#20
Gabriela Elisa Hirsch, Paulo Ricardo Nazário Viecili, Amanda Spring de Almeida, Sabrina Nascimento, Fernando Garcez Porto, Juliana Otero, Aline Schmidt, Brenda da Silva, Mariana Migliorini Parisi, Jonatas Zeni Klafke
BACKGROUND: Complex hemostatic mechanisms are involved in the pathophysiology of various diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Among them, dysregulation of platelet activity is linked to the progression of atherosclerosis and mainly involves platelet aggregation and a decrease in blood flow in the vascular endothelium. The major platelet activation pathways mediated by agonists involve the arachidonic acid pathway, adenosine diphosphate pathway, serotonin pathway, nitric oxide pathway, and action of free radicals on molecules involved in platelet aggregation...
November 23, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
keyword
keyword
38168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"