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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667523/irritability-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-in-adolescence-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-and-moderation-by-sex
#1
Kathryn L Humphreys, Sophie N F Schouboe, Katharina Kircanski, Ellen Leibenluft, Argyris Stringaris, Ian H Gotlib
Irritability is a common feature of many psychiatric disorders, including both externalizing and internalizing disorders. There is little research, however, examining associations between irritability and these symptom domains, particularly during the important developmental period of adolescence, characterized by sex differences in the prevalence of disorders. We examined the cross-sectional associations between irritability, measured with the Affective Reactivity Index, and symptoms of externalizing and internalizing domains of psychopathology, measured with the Youth Self Report, in a volunteer community sample (N = 183) of 9- to 13-year-old (M = 11...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#2
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661052/older-adults-internet-use-for-health-information-digital-divide-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#3
Hyunwoo Yoon, Yuri Jang, Phillip W Vaughan, Michael Garcia
Building upon literature suggesting low Internet use among racial/ethnic minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, this study examined how race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) influence the Internet use for health information, addressing both independent and interactive effects. Using data from 17,704 older adults in the California Health Interview Survey, logistic regression models were estimated with race/ethnicity (Whites, African Americans, Latinos, and Asians), SES index, and the interaction between race/ethnicity and SES index...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658151/towards-the-automated-identification-of-chrysomya-blow-flies-from-wing-images
#4
N Macleod, M J R Hall, A H Wardhana
The Old World screwworm fly (OWSF), Chrysomya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae), is an important agent of traumatic myiasis and, as such, a major human and animal health problem. In the implementation of OWSF control operations, it is important to determine the geographical origins of such disease-causing species in order to establish whether they derive from endemic or invading populations. Gross morphological and molecular studies have demonstrated the existence of two distinct lineages of this species, one African and the other Asian...
April 15, 2018: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652911/pharmacogenetic-landscape-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-drug-response-in-tunisia-and-comparison-with-worldwide-populations
#5
Haifa Jmel, Lilia Romdhane, Yosra Ben Halima, Meriem Hechmi, Chokri Naouali, Hamza Dallali, Yosr Hamdi, Jingxuan Shan, Abdelmajid Abid, Henda Jamoussi, Sameh Trabelsi, Lotfi Chouchane, Donata Luiselli, Sonia Abdelhak, Rym Kefi
Genetic variation is an important determinant affecting either drug response or susceptibility to adverse drug reactions. Several studies have highlighted the importance of ethnicity in influencing drug response variability that should be considered during drug development. Our objective is to characterize the genetic variability of some pharmacogenes involved in the response to drugs used for the treatment of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in Tunisia and to compare our results to the worldwide populations. A set of 135 Tunisians was genotyped using the Affymetrix Chip 6...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649390/trends-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccination
#6
Shamly Austin, Zo Ramamonjiarivelo, DeLawnia Comer-HaGans, Maria Pisu
Even though pneumococcal vaccination recommendations have been in existence since 1983, vaccination rates are low in the United States. This study analyzed 5-year trends in pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination uptake across racial/ethnic groups of individuals aged ≥65 years and high-risk individuals aged 19-64 years. Further, it examined factors that may explain the association between race/ethnicity and vaccination uptake. The 2011-2015 annual Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data were used to determine trends...
March 12, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649290/the-contribution-of-gestational-age-area-deprivation-and-mother-s-country-of-birth-to-ethnic-variations-in-infant-mortality-in-england-and-wales-a-national-cohort-study-using-routinely-collected-data
#7
Yangmei Li, Maria A Quigley, Nirupa Dattani, Ron Gray, Hiranthi Jayaweera, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Alison Macfarlane, Jennifer Hollowell
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe ethnic variations in infant mortality and explore the contribution of area deprivation, mother's country of birth, and prematurity to these variations. METHODS: We analyzed routine birth and death data on singleton live births (gestational age≥22 weeks) in England and Wales, 2006-2012. Infant mortality by ethnic group was analyzed using logistic regression with adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and gestational age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648957/asthma-among-household-youth-on-racial-minority-operated-farms-united-states-2008
#8
Girija Syamlal, Kitty Hendricks, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVES: Youth on farms are at risk for injuries and illnesses, including asthma, which continues to disproportionately affect minority groups. METHODS: For this study, the 2008 Minority Farm Operator Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) data were used to estimate the prevalence of asthma among youth aged 0-19 years living on racial minority-operated farms. Youth were considered to have a lifetime diagnosis of asthma based on an affirmative response to the question "Has he/she ever been diagnosed as having asthma by a health professional?" RESULTS: In 2008, of the estimated 37,400 youth (0-19 years) who lived on racial minority operated farms, 11% had asthma...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644501/ethnic-disparities-in-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#9
W Perini, M B Snijder, R J G Peters, A E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences have been reported in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. It is still unclear which ethnic groups are most at risk for CVD when all traditional CVD risk factors are considered together as overall risk. OBJECTIVES: To examine ethnic differences in overall estimated CVD risk and the risk factors that contribute to these differences. DESIGN: Using data of the multi-ethnic HELIUS study (HEalthy LIfe in an Urban Setting) from Amsterdam, we examined whether estimated CVD risk and risk factors among those eligible for CVD risk estimation differed between participants of Dutch, South Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish and Moroccan origin...
April 11, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644388/the-relation-between-obesity-and-depressed-mood-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-study
#10
Deborah Gibson-Smith, Mariska Bot, Marieke Snijder, Mary Nicolaou, Eske M Derks, Karien Stronks, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
PURPOSE: To examine the association between obesity and depressed mood in a large multi-ethnic population and check for consistency in this association across six ethnic groups. METHODS: Data of 21,030 persons (18-70 years) were sourced from the HELIUS study. Cross-sectional relationships between obesity measures [body mass index (kg/m2 ) and waist circumference (cm)] and depressed mood (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10) were analysed. Consistency of associations was investigated across ethnic groups by interaction terms (ethnicity*obesity measures) in basic (age, sex, education) and fully (health behaviours and somatic health) adjusted models...
April 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630076/a-demographic-dividend-of-the-fp2020-initiative-and-the-sdg-reproductive-health-target-case-studies-of-india-and-nigeria
#11
Qingfeng Li, Jose G Rimon
Background: The demographic dividend, defined as the economic growth potential resulting from favorable shifts in population age structure following rapid fertility decline, has been widely employed to advocate improving access to family planning. The current framework focuses on the long-term potential, while the short-term benefits may also help persuade policy makers to invest in family planning. Methods: We estimate the short- and medium-term economic benefits from two major family planning goals: the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020)'s goal of adding 120 million modern contraceptive users by 2020; Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 3...
February 22, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629634/-why-should-i-the-one-who-was-raped-be-forced-to-take-training-in-what-sexual-assault-is-sexual-assault-survivors-and-those-who-know-survivors-responses-to-a-campus-sexual-assault-education-program
#12
Meredith G F Worthen, Samantha A Wallace
This study critically examines sexual assault survivors' (people with histories of sexual assault) and those who know survivors' (those who know and/or who are close to people with histories of sexual assault) responses to a mandatory online campus sexual assault education program using both quantitative survey data ( N = 1,899) and qualitative narratives ( n = 41) from a sample of students at a large southern university with special attention to gender, sexual identity, race, ethnicity, college group affiliations (student athletics, fraternities/sororities, LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, queer] ally programs), and the intersections between these identities and affiliations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628202/health-status-of-afro-asian-refugees-in-an-italian-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#13
R Del Pinto, D Pietropaoli, U Russomando, P Evangelista, C Ferri
OBJECTIVES: The recent sociopolitical events in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern areas have significantly impacted international migration flows. As disease prevalence and type are different among western and Afro-Asian countries, physicians dealing with refugees should be aware of their specific health needs. We aimed at evaluating the health status and disease history of refugees at their arrival in the urban area of L'Aquila (Italy). STUDY DESIGN: This is a monocentric cross-sectional study...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625795/the-venous-patterns-of-the-cubital-fossa-in-subjects-from-brazil
#14
L Pires, A L Ráfare, B U Peixoto, T O J S Pereira, D M M Pinheiro, M E B Siqueira, R D Vaqueiro, R C de Paula, M A Babinski, C A A Chagas
Venous punctures are among the most common procedures performed by healthcare professionals. In particular, the cubital fossa is the site where the venous accesses are frequently made due to the number of superficial veins and the numerous anastomoses in this region. The arrangement of these venous connections is of particular interest for clinical application in several areas, thus, the healthcare professional must possess knowledge about these vessels and their anatomical relationships. The present study aims to analyze the venous pattern of the cubital fossa among individuals from Brazil...
April 3, 2018: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624706/pharmacokinetics-of-efavirenz-in-patients-on-antituberculosis-treatment-in-high-hiv-and-tuberculosis-burden-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Daniel Atwine, Maryline Bonnet, Anne-Marie Taburet
AIMS: Efavirenz (EFV) and Rifampicin-Isoniazid (RH) are cornerstone drugs in HIV-tuberculosis (TB) co-infection treatment but with complex drug interactions, efficacy and safety challenges. We reviewed recent data on EFV and RH interaction in TB/HIV high-burden countries. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies conducted in the high TB/HIV-burden countries between 1990 and 2016 on EFV pharmacokinetics during RH co-administration in co-infected patients...
April 6, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623014/genetic-alterations-and-pik3ca-gene-mutations-and-amplifications-analysis-in-cervical-cancer-by-racial-groups-in-the-united-states
#16
Odekunle Florence Femi
Introduction: A number of studies indicated racial differences in cervical cancer outcomes and several factors are associated with it such as stage, comorbidities, treatment pattern, and socioeconomic status. However, the associations of tumor genomic patterns such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) gene mutations and amplifications with cervical cancer racial disparities are largely unexplored. Objectives: Therefore, the present investigation aimed to identify genetic alterations (mutations and copy number variations) in cervical cancer and determine whether the PIK3CA gene mutations and amplifications in cervical cancer differ across racial/ethnic groups in the United States...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621184/the-flavonoid-isoquercitrin-precludes-initiation-of-zika-virus-infection-in-human-cells
#17
Arnaud Gaudry, Sandra Bos, Wildriss Viranaicken, Marjolaine Roche, Pascale Krejbich-Trotot, Gilles Gadea, Philippe Desprès, Chaker El-Kalamouni
The medical importance of Zika virus (ZIKV) was fully highlighted during the recent epidemics in South Pacific islands and Americas due to ZIKV association with severe damage to fetal brain development and neurological complications in adult patients. A worldwide research effort has been undertaken to identify effective compounds to prevent or treat ZIKV infection. Fruits and vegetables may be sources of compounds with medicinal properties. Flavonoids are one class of plant compounds that emerge as promising antiviral molecules against ZIKV...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618041/prospective-study-of-cancer-genetic-variants-variation-in-rate-of-reclassification-by-ancestry
#18
Thomas P Slavin, Lily R Van Tongeren, Carolyn E Behrendt, Ilana Solomon, Christina Rybak, Bita Nehoray, Lili Kuzmich, Mariana Niell-Swiller, Kathleen R Blazer, Shu Tao, Kai Yang, Julie O Culver, Sharon Sand, Danielle Castillo, Josef Herzog, Stacy W Gray, Jeffrey N Weitzel
Background: In germline genetic testing, variants from understudied ancestries have been disproportionately classified as being of uncertain significance. We hypothesized that the rate of variant reclassification likewise differs by ancestry. Methods: Nonbenign variants in actionable genes were collected from consenting subjects undergoing genetic testing at two Southern California sites from September 1996 through December 2016. Variant reclassifications were recorded as they were received, until February 2017 or reclassification to benign...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617888/parental-smoking-and-adult-offspring-s-smoking-behaviors-in-ethnic-minority-groups-an-intergenerational-analysis-in-the-helius-study
#19
Umar Z Ikram, Marieke B Snijder, Eske M Derks, Ron J G Peters, Anton E Kunst, Karien Stronks
Introduction: To understand smoking behaviors among ethnic minority groups, studies have largely focused on societal factors, with little attention to family influences. Yet studies among majority groups have identified parental smoking as an important risk factor. It is unknown whether this applies to ethnic minority groups. We investigated the association between parental smoking and adult offspring's smoking behaviors among ethnic minority groups with an immigrant background. Methods: We used data from the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study from Amsterdam (the Netherlands) from January 2011 to December 2015...
June 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616185/racial-ethnic-representation-in-lifestyle-weight-loss-intervention-studies-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Christina F Haughton, Valerie J Silfee, Monica L Wang, Andrea C Lopez-Cepero, David P Estabrook, Christine Frisard, Milagros C Rosal, Sherry L Pagoto, Stephenie C Lemon
Obesity remains a persistent public health and health disparity concern in the United States. Eliminating health disparities, particularly among racial/ethnic minority groups, is a major health priority in the US. The primary aim of this review was to evaluate representation of racial/ethnic sub-group members in behavioral weight loss interventions conducted among adults in the United States. The secondary aims were to assess recruitment and study design approaches to include racial/ethnic groups and the extent of racial/ethnic sub-group analyses conducted in these studies...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
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