keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

African asian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227053/quantifying-the-funding-gap-for-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-at-a-major-trauma-centre-in-south-africa
#1
V Y Kong, J J Odendaal, J L Bruce, G L Laing, E Jerome, B Sartorius, P Brysiewicz, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Trauma is an eminently preventable disease. However, prevention programs divert resources away from other priorities. Costing trauma related diseases helps policy makers to make decisions on re-source allocation. We used data from a prospective digital trauma registry to cost Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) at our institution over a two-year period and to estimate the funding gap that exists in the care of TBI. METHOD: All patients who were admitted to the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) with TBI were identified from the Hybrid Electronic Medical Registry (HMER)...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223685/the-effect-of-partners-education-on-women-s-reproductive-and-maternal-health-in-developing-countries
#2
Vissého Adjiwanou, Moussa Bougma, Thomas LeGrand
The effect of partners' education on women's and children's health in developing countries has received relatively little attention to date. This study uses couple data from 37 recent Demographic and Health Surveys fielded in sub-Saharan African and Asian countries to assess the effect of partners' schooling on women's modern contraceptive use, frequency of antenatal care visits, and skilled birth attendance. Using multilevel logistic regressions, the study shows that partners' schooling has strong effects on their spouses' maternal healthcare utilization; especially when partners had secondary or higher levels of schooling...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218919/the-diversity-and-disparity-in-biomedical-informatics-ddbi-workshop
#3
William M Southerland, S Joshua Swamidass, Philip R O Payne, Laura Wiley, ClarLynda Williams-DeVane
The Diversity and Disparity in Biomedical Informatics (DDBI) workshop will be focused on complementary and critical issues concerned with enhancing diversity in the informatics workforce as well as diversity in patient cohorts. According to the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the NIH, diversity refers to the inclusion of the following traditionally underrepresented groups: African Americans/Blacks, Asians (>30 countries), American Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Latino or Hispanic (20 countries)...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215584/a-positive-control-for-detection-of-functional-cd4-t-cells-in-pbmc-the-cpi-pool
#4
Annemarie Schiller, Ting Zhang, Ruliang Li, Andrea Duechting, Srividya Sundararaman, Anna Przybyla, Stefanie Kuerten, Paul V Lehmann
Testing of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for immune monitoring purposes requires verification of their functionality. This is of particular concern when the PBMC have been shipped or stored for prolonged periods of time. While the CEF (Cytomegalo-, Epstein-Barr and Flu-virus) peptide pool has become the gold standard for testing CD8 cell functionality, a positive control for CD4 cells is so far lacking. The latter ideally consists of proteins so as to control for the functionality of the antigen processing and presentation compartments, as well...
December 7, 2017: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215537/simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplantation-is-associated-with-inferior-long-term-outcomes-in-african-americans
#5
Joseph T Brooks, Rong Liu, Madeleine Oliver, Anthony DeLeonibus, Jingning Mei, Donald White, Eric Siskind, Jorge Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplant (SPK) is the most effective treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and renal failure. However, the effect of ethnicity on SPK outcomes is not well understood. METHODS: We studied the influence of recipient ethnicity on SPK using the United Network for Organ Sharing database. A retrospective review of 20,196 SPK patients from 1989 to 2014 was performed. The recipients were divided into 4 groups: 15,833 whites (78...
December 5, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214847/introducing-a-new-assessment-tool-for-measuring-ethnic-racial-identity-the-cross-ethnic-racial-identity-scale-adult-ceris-a
#6
Frank C Worrell, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Amanda Wang
In this article, we examined the psychometric properties of scores on a new instrument, the Cross Ethnic-Racial Identity Scale-Adult (CERIS-A) for use across different ethnic and racial groups. The CERIS-A measures seven ethnic-racial identity attitudes-assimilation, miseducation, self-hatred, anti-dominant, ethnocentricity, multiculturalist inclusive, and ethnic-racial salience. Participants consisted of 803 adults aged 18 to 76, including African Americans (19.3%), Asian Americans (17.6%), European Americans (37...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212931/suppression-of-zika-virus-infection-and-replication-in-endothelial-cells-and-astrocytes-by-pka-inhibitor-pki-14-22
#7
Fan Cheng, Suzane Ramos da Silva, I-Chueh Huang, Jae U Jung, Shou-Jiang Gao
The recent outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV), a re-emerging flavivirus, and its associated neurological disorders, such as Guillain-Barré (GB) syndrome and microcephaly, have generated an urgent need for developing effective ZIKV vaccines and therapeutic agents. Here, we used human endothelial cells and astrocytes, both of which represent key cell types for ZIKV infection, to identify potential inhibitors for ZIKV replication. Because several pathways, including AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), protein kinase A (PKA), and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways, have been reported to play important roles in flavivirus replication, we tested inhibitors or agonists of these pathways for their effects on ZIKV replication...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211900/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-epidemiology-of-ovarian-cancer-a-pooled-analysis-of-12-case-control-studies
#8
Lauren C Peres, Harvey Risch, Kathryn L Terry, Penelope M Webb, Marc T Goodman, Anna H Wu, Anthony J Alberg, Elisa V Bandera, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa L Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Patricia G Moorman, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul D Terry, Ani Manichaikul, Sarah E Abbott, Fabian Camacho, Susan J Jordan, Christina M Nagle, Mary Anne Rossing, Jennifer A Doherty, Francesmary Modugno, Kirsten Moysich, Roberta Ness, Andrew Berchuck, Linda Cook, Nhu Le, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Weiva Sieh, Alice Whittemore, Valerie McGuire, Joseph Rothstein, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Celeste L Pearce, Chiuchen Tseng, Malcom Pike, Joellen M Schildkraut
Background: Ovarian cancer incidence differs substantially by race/ethnicity, but the reasons for this are not well understood. Data were pooled from the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES) and 11 case-control studies in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC) to examine racial/ethnic differences in epidemiological characteristics with suspected involvement in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) aetiology. Methods: We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate associations for 17 reproductive, hormonal and lifestyle characteristics and EOC risk by race/ethnicity among 10 924 women with invasive EOC (8918 Non-Hispanic Whites, 433 Hispanics, 911 Blacks, 662 Asian/Pacific Islanders) and 16 150 controls (13 619 Non-Hispanic Whites, 533 Hispanics, 1233 Blacks, 765 Asian/Pacific Islanders)...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203273/the-traditional-use-of-vachellia-nilotica-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-is-substantiated-by-the-antiviral-activity-of-its-bark-extract-against-sexually-transmitted-viruses
#9
Manuela Donalisio, Valeria Cagno, Andrea Civra, Davide Gibellini, Giuseppina Musumeci, Massimo Rittà, Manik Ghosh, David Lembo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Vachellia (Acacia) nilotica and other plants of this genus have been used in traditional medicine of Asian and African countries to treat many disorders, including sexually transmitted diseases, but few studies were performed to validate their anti-microbial and anti-viral activity against sexually transmitted infections. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was undertaken to explore whether the ethnomedical use of V.nilotica to treat genital lesions is substantiated by its antiviral activity against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and the human papillomavirus (HPV)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202585/wellness-programs-with-financial-incentives-through-disparities-lens
#10
Alison Cuellar, Anthony T LoSasso, Mona Shah, Alicia Atwood, Tanya R Lewis-Walls
PURPOSE: To examine wellness programs with financial incentives and their effect on disparities in preventive care. DESIGN: Financial incentives were introduced by 15 large employers, from 2010 to 2013. SETTING: Fifteen private employers. SUBJECTS: A total of 299 436 employees and adult dependents. MEASURES: Preventive services and participation in financial incentives. ANALYSIS: Multivariate linear regression...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198391/spondylolysis-in-the-past-a-case-study-of-hunter-gatherers-from-southern-patagonia
#11
M D D'Angelo Del Campo, J A Suby, P García-Laborde, R A Guichón
Spondylolysis is a fracture of the pars interarticularis, the portion of the neural arch that lies between the superior articular facets and the inferior articular facets. Clinical evidence has suggested repetitive trauma to be the most probable cause, even though morphological weakness of the vertebra is probably also involved. Prevalence is between 3% and 8% in modern populations, while in archaeological samples it varies from 0% to 71.4%. Considering that very little data about this condition is available in past populations from the southern extreme of South America, the aim of this paper is to analyze the spondylolysis in a human skeletal sample from Southern Patagonia and, at the same time, to explore the prevalence of spondylolysis in archaeological contexts around the world to gain a better understanding of the results presented here...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197530/the-neighborhood-environment-and-obesity-understanding-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#12
Michelle S Wong, Kitty S Chan, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Roland J Thorpe, Sara N Bleich
Neighborhood characteristics have been associated with obesity, but less is known whether relationships vary by race/ethnicity. This study examined the relationship between soda consumption - a behavior strongly associated with obesity - and weight status with neighborhood sociodemographic, social, and built environments by race/ethnicity. We merged data on adults from the 2011-2013 California Health Interview Survey, U.S. Census data, and InfoUSA (n=62,396). Dependent variables were soda consumption and weight status outcomes (body mass index and obesity status)...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196251/effectiveness-of-ipsilateral-stroke-prevention-between-conservative-management-and-indirect-revascularization-for-moyamoya-disease-mmd-in-a-north-american-cohort
#13
Jose L Porras, Wuyang Yang, Risheng Xu, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Justin M Caplan, Geoffrey P Colby, Alexander L Coon, Edward S Ahn, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang
BACKGROUND: Few reports compare surgical intervention with conservative treatment for moyamoya disease (MMD) in non-Asian cohorts. This study describes the effectiveness of follow-up stroke prevention by indirect revascularization relative to conservative management in a Northeast United States study population. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients with MMD at our institution from 1990-2014. Baseline characteristics and follow-up results including subsequent ipsilateral strokes were collected, and compared between an indirect revascularization group and a conservatively managed group on a per-hemisphere basis...
November 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192969/effects-of-applying-universal-fetal-growth-standards-in-a-scandinavian-multi-ethnic-population
#14
Line Sletner, Torvid Kiserud, Siri Vangen, Britt Nakstad, Anne Karen Jenum
INTRODUCTION: The question whether universal growth charts can be used in multi-ethnic settings is of general interest. The Intergrowth-21st (IG-21) fetal growth and newborn size standards are suggested to represent optimal fetal growth regardless of country origin. Our aim was to examine whether women fulfilling the strict IG-21 inclusion criteria were healthier, showed less ethnic differences in fetal growth and newborn size, and less adverse perinatal outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were drawn from a population-based multi-ethnic cohort of 823 presumably healthy pregnant women in Oslo, Norway...
November 28, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186207/metabolic-health-assessment-of-zoo-elephants-management-factors-predicting-leptin-levels-and-the-glucose-to-insulin-ratio-and-their-associations-with-health-parameters
#15
Kari A Morfeld, Janine L Brown
Screening for metabolic-related health problems can enhance animal welfare, so the purpose of this study was to conduct the first metabolic health assessment of zoo elephants and use epidemiological methods to determine how factors in the captive environment were associated with metabolic hormone concentrations. In addition, we examined relationships between metabolic status and several fitness parameters: foot health, musculoskeletal health, reproductive cyclicity, and body condition. Two blood samples were collected 2 weeks apart from 87 Asian (Elephas maximus) and 105 African (Loxodonta africana) elephants managed by zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums for analysis of serum leptin, insulin, glucose and the glucose-to-insulin ratio (G:I)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183392/host-specific-dactylogyrus-parasites-revealing-new-insights-on-the-historical-biogeography-of-northwest-african-and-iberian-cyprinid-fish
#16
Andrea Šimková, Michal Benovics, Imane Rahmouni, Jasna Vukić
BACKGROUND: Host specificity in parasites represents the extent to which a parasite's distribution is limited to certain host species. Considering host-specific parasites of primarily freshwater fish (such as gill monogeneans), their biogeographical distribution is essentially influenced by both evolutionary and ecological processes. Due to the limited capacity for historical dispersion in freshwater fish, their specific coevolving parasites may, through historical host-parasite associations, at least partially reveal the historical biogeographical routes (or historical contacts) of host species...
November 28, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183271/compulsory-licensing-of-pharmaceuticals-reconsidered-current-situation-and-implications-for-access-to-medicines
#17
Kyung-Bok Son, Tae-Jin Lee
To examine patterns and trends in attempts, distinguished from issuance, to issue compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals and to assess related implications in the era of high-cost medicines. Documents from various civil society organisations were primarily used to search attempts, as well as published literature. The identified attempts were analysed by pharmaceutical level, national level, claimers, and the outcomes of the attempts. There have been 108 attempts to issue compulsory licensing for 40 pharmaceuticals in 27 countries since 1995...
November 28, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181932/cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-in-patients-with-african-or-asian-background
#18
Arild Aambø, Tor Ole Klemsdal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178835/phylogenetics-of-subtribe-orchidinae-s-l-orchidaceae-orchidoideae-based-on-seven-markers-plastid-matk-psab-rbcl-trnl-f-trnh-psba-and-nuclear-nrits-xdh-implications-for-generic-delimitation
#19
Wei-Tao Jin, André Schuiteman, Mark W Chase, Jian-Wu Li, Shih-Wen Chung, Tian-Chuan Hsu, Xiao-Hua Jin
BACKGROUND: Subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidaceae, Orchidoideae) are a nearly cosmopolitan taxon of terrestrial orchids, comprising about 1800 species in 47 to 60 genera. Although much progress has been made in recent years of phylogenetics of Orchidinae, considerable problems remain to be addressed. Based on molecular phylogenetics, we attempt to illustrate the phylogenetic relationships and discuss generic delimitation within Orchidinae. Seven DNA markers (five plastid and two nuclear), a broad sampling of Orchidinae (400 species in 52 genera) and three methods of phylogenetic analysis (maximum likelihood, maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference) were used...
November 25, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173142/sequence-analysis-of-the-n-acetyltransferase-2-gene-nat2-among-jordanian-volunteers
#20
Yazun Bashir Jarrar, Ayat Ahmed Balasmeh, Wassan Jarrar
The present study aimed to identify the NAT2 haplotypes, linkage disequilibrium, and novel NAT2 genetic variants among Jordanian population. We isolated the genomic DNA from 68 healthy, Arab, unrelated Jordanian volunteers to amplify the protein-coding region of NAT2 gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Then, the amplified PCR products were sequenced using Applied Biosystems Model (ABI3730x1). It is found that the allele frequencies of known NAT2 genetic variants 191G>A, 282C>T, 341T>C, 481C>T, 590G>A, and 803A>G were 0...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
38168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"