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Rebecca Pfitzner, Joerg Koenigstorfer
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether and when the hosting of mega-sport events increases quality of life of host city residents. The aim of this study is to assess the changes in quality of life of host city residents over the course of hosting a mega-sport event until three months after the event, depending on residents' perception of the atmosphere during the event. METHODS: The study was conducted in Rio de Janeiro, one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in soccer...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
J O'Brien, W Young, C F Finch
The efficacy of injury prevention exercise programs (IPEPs) for amateur youth soccer has been established, but little is known about their adaptability to other soccer populations. This study aimed to assess the use of individual injury prevention exercises by professional youth soccer teams, against the industry-standard, FIFA 11+ program. Four teams' chosen IPEPs were observed across one season and documented on a standardized form. The use of each FIFA 11+ exercise was coded as "performed", "performed modified" or "not performed"...
October 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Maria Kristina Parr, Marco H Blokland, Franz Liebetrau, Alexander H Schmidt, Thijs Meijer, Mijo Stanic, Dorota Kwiatkowska, Emilia Waraksa, Saskia S Sterk
The differentiation of clenbuterol abuse and unintentional ingestion by contaminated meat is crucial with respect to the valuation of an adverse analytical finding in human sports doping control. The proportion of the two enantiomers of clenbuterol may serve as potential discriminating parameter. For the determination of the individual enantiomers, specific methods were developed and validated for the different matrices under investigation based on chiral chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Data from the administration of clenbuterol from a pharmaceutical preparation and from cattle meat and liver containing residues to humans are presented...
October 3, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Fabian Wunderlich, Daniel Memmert
The present study aims to investigate the ability of a new framework enabling to derive more detailed model-based predictions from ranking systems. These were compared to predictions from the bet market including data from the World Cups 2006, 2010, and 2014. The results revealed that the FIFA World Ranking has essentially improved its predictive qualities compared to the bet market since the mode of calculation was changed in 2006. While both predictors were useful to obtain accurate predictions in general, the world ranking was able to outperform the bet market significantly for the World Cup 2014 and when the data from the World Cups 2010 and 2014 were pooled...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Paweł Chmura, Marek Konefał, Marcin Andrzejewski, Jakub Kosowski, Andrzej Rokita, Jan Chmura
The present study attempts to assess changes in soccer players' physical activity profiles under the simultaneous influence of the different combinations of ambient temperature and relative humidity characterising matches of the 2014 FIFA World Cup hosted by Brazil. The study material consisted of observations of 340 players representing 32 national teams taking part in the tournament. The measured indices included total distances covered; distances covered with low, moderate, or high intensity; numbers of sprints performed, and peak running speeds achieved...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Benno Ejnisman, Gisele Barbosa, Carlos V Andreoli, A de Castro Pochini, Thiago Lobo, Rodrigo Zogaib, Moises Cohen, Mario Bizzini, Jiri Dvorak
In the last years, shoulder injuries have represented an increasing health problem in soccer players. The goalkeepers are more exposed to shoulder disorders than other field players. Injury prevention exercises for upper limbs were cited in few studies involving throwing athletes, but we know that goalkeepers need a specific program. The purpose of this study is to describe the development of an adapted Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ program, namely the FIFA 11+ shoulder, which targets the prevention of shoulder injuries in soccer goalkeepers...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Sock Peng Tay, Paul Fleming, Xiao Hu, Steph Forrester
The occurrence of skin friction related injuries is an issue for artificial turf sports pitches and remains a barrier to their acceptance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current industry standard Securisport® Sports Surface Tester that measures skin surface related frictional behaviour of artificial turf. Little research has been published about the device and its efficacy, despite its widespread use as a standard FIFA test instrument. To achieve a range of frictional behaviours, several "third generation" (3G) carpet and infill combinations were investigated; friction time profiles throughout the Securisport rotations were assessed in combination with independent measurements of skin roughness before and after friction testing via 3D surface scanning...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Adam G Culvenor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
I Shalaj, F Tishukaj, N Bachl, H Tschan, B Wessner, R Csapo
BACKGROUND: The incidence and severity of football-related injuries has been found to differ strongly between professional leagues from different countries. The aims of this study were to record the incidence, type and severity of injuries in Kosovarian football players and investigate the relationship between injury incidence rates (IRs), players' age and playing positions. METHODS: Players' age, anthropometric characteristics and playing positions, training and match exposure as well as injury occurrences were monitored in 11 teams (143 players) of Kosovo's top division during the 2013/14 season...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Carolina Figueiredo Freitas, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Kimberley Irene Shoaf, Raulino Sabino da Silva, Elaine Silva Miranda
Recently, Brazil has hosted mass events with recognized international relevance. The 2014 FIFA World Cup was held in 12 Brazilian state capitals and health sector preparedness drew on the history of other World Cups and Brazil's own experience with the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup. The current article aims to analyze the treatment capacity of hospital facilities in georeferenced areas for sports events in the 2016 Olympic Games in the city of Rio de Janeiro, based on a model built drawing on references from the literature...
August 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Danielle Kamis, Thomas Newmark, Daniel Begel, Ira D Glick
This paper focuses on "cheating" in modern day athletics from youth through professional sports. We briefly summarize a history of cheating in the sports world. We examine the current role cheating plays in sports as well as its causes including, psychodynamic issues, the development of personality disorders and how personality traits become pathological resulting in deception, dishonesty, and underhandedness. We describe management and treatment including psychotherapeutic intervention as well as medication...
July 29, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Carly D McKay, Charlotte K Merrett, Carolyn A Emery
The Fédération Internationale de Football (FIFA) 11+ warm-up program is efficacious at preventing lower limb injury in youth soccer; however, there has been poor adoption of the program in the community. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) behavior change model in predicting intention to use the FIFA 11+ in a sample of 12 youth soccer teams (coaches n = 10; 12-16 year old female players n = 200). A bespoke cross-sectional questionnaire measured pre-season risk perceptions, outcome expectancies, task self-efficacy, facilitators, barriers, and FIFA 11+ implementation intention...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Robert G Lockie, Matthew R Moreno, Adrina Lazar, Ashley J Orjalo, Dominic V Giuliano, Fabrice G Risso, DeShaun L Davis, Jeff B Crelling, John R Lockwood, Farzad Jalilvand
Playing positions in soccer can exhibit different movement demands during a match, contributing to variations in physical and performance characteristics. NCAA soccer features different substitution rules when compared to FIFA-sanctioned matches, which could influence each players' characteristics. Therefore, this study determined the athletic performance characteristics of Division I female soccer players. Twenty-six players (3 goalkeepers; 8 defenders; 10 midfielders; 5 forwards) from the same squad completed assessments of: lower-body power (vertical and standing broad jump); linear (0-5, 0-10, 0-30 meter [m] sprint intervals) and change-of-direction (pro-agility shuttle; Arrowhead change-of-direction speed test) speed; and soccer-specific fitness (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test [YYIRT] levels 1 and 2)...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Amir Vazini Taher, Abdolhossein Parnow
BACKGROUND: Different methods of warm up may have implications in improving various aspects of soccer performance. The present study aimed to investigate acute effects of soccer specific warm up protocols on functional performance tests. METHODS: This study using randomized within-subject design, investigated the performance of 22 collegiate elite soccer player following soccer specific warm ups using dynamic stretching, static stretching, and FIFA 11+ program. Post warm up examinations consisted: 1) Illinois agility test, 2) Vertical jump, 3) 30 meter sprint, 4), Consecutive turns 5) flexibility of Knee...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Gwinyai Masukume, Victor Grech
INTRODUCTION: Positive psychological phenomena such as increased feelings of belonging linked to hosting the FIFA World Cup were observed in France 1998 and South Africa 2010. Approximately nine months after South Africa hosted the 2010 World Cup the sex ratio at birth increased significantly. Given the similarity of positive psychological phenomena between the two countries, this study sought to determine if the sex ratio at birth increased in France circa nine months after the 1998 World Cup...
August 2016: Early Human Development
Monoem Haddad, Hiba Zubair Valiyakath, Ruben Goebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Rodrigo Argothy, Adriana Gutiérrez-Galvis, Rodrigo Pérez-Rodríguez, Yesica Moreno, Keily Puerta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Fifa Rahman, Adeeba Kamarulzaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
A D Ruddock, S W Thompson, S A Hudson, C A James, O R Gibson, J A Mee
INTRODUCTION: The 2014 FIFA World Cup was held in Brazil, where the climatic conditions presented a significant thermoregulatory and perceptual challenge to those unfamiliar with the heat and humidity. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report documents the adaptation induced by a novel mixed methods (isothermic and passive) heat acclimation (HA) regime for a northern European professional soccer match official prior to the tournament. The intervention involved 13 HA sessions over an 18 day period comprising five isothermic HA sessions whereby intermittent running was used to target and maintain tympanic temperature (Tytemp) at 38 °C for 90 min, and seven passive HA sessions of 48 °C water bathing for 30 min...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jonathan K Noel, Thomas F Babor, Katherine Robaina, Melissa Feulner, Alan Vendrame, Maristela Monteiro
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To identify the nature of visual alcohol references in alcohol advertisements during televised broadcasts of the 2014 FIFA World Cup tournament matches and to evaluate cross-national differences according to alcohol marketing policy restrictiveness. DESIGN: Content analysis using the Delphi method and identification of in-game sponsorships. SETTING: Television broadcasts of the 2014 FIFA World Cup from 8 countries. CASES: 87 alcohol advertisements; 20 matches...
June 17, 2016: Addiction
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