keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low-carbohydrate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339035/the-effect-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#1
Keng-Liang Wu, Chung-Mou Kuo, Chih-Chien Yao, Wei-Chen Tai, Seng-Kee Chuah, Chee-Sang Lim, Yi-Chun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Acid changes in gastroesophageal reflux with vary component in the food have less been studied, especially carbohydrate. We plan to clarify the effect of different carbohydrate density on low esophageal acid and reflux symptoms of patients with gastroesophgeal reflux disease. METHODS: Twelve patients (52 ± 12 years old; five female) with gastroesophageal reflux disease were recruited for the prospective crossover study. Each patient was invited for panendoscope, manometry and 24 h pH monitor...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334718/-diet-and-nutrition-interventions-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Z Y Yang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications during pregnancy, with rising trend over the years. Dietary nutrient intake (protein, fat and fatty acids, carbohydrate, vitamin D, vitamin E, iron, zinc, selenium and inositol et al.), dietary pattern and probiotics may be related to GDM occurrence. Dietary factors are modifiable factors for preventing GDM. The study reviewed the roles of these dietary factors in preventing GDM. Results showed that plant-based dietary pattern may lower the risk of GDM and dietary pattern characterized with high animal protein, high fat and low carbohydrate may increase the risk of GDM...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329254/low-carbohydrate-high-protein-high-fat-diets-rich-in-livestock-poultry-and-their-products-predict-impending-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-individuals-that-exceed-their-calculated-caloric-requirement
#3
Ruiqi Shan, Wei Duan, Lei Liu, Jiayue Qi, Jian Gao, Yunlong Zhang, Shanshan Du, Tianshu Han, Xiuyu Pang, Changhao Sun, Xiaoyan Wu
The evidence on the association between long-term low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is controversial. Until now, data is limited for Chinese populations, especially in considering the influence of extra energy intake. In this paper, we aimed to investigate the association of low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in populations consuming extra calories and those with normal caloric intake, We also determined whether the association is mediated by insulin resistance (IR) or β-cell dysfunction...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319785/diagnostic-accuracy-and-prognostic-value-of-simultaneous-hybrid-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-cardiac-sarcoidosis
#4
Eleanor C Wicks, Leon J Menezes, Anna Barnes, Saidi A Mohiddin, Neha Sekhri, Joanna C Porter, Helen L Booth, Emily Garrett, Riyaz S Patel, Menelaos Pavlou, Ashley M Groves, Perry M Elliott
Aims: Cardiac death is the leading cause of mortality in patients with sarcoidosis, yet cardiac involvement often remains undetected. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) have been used to diagnose cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) yet never simultaneously in a cohort. This study sought to assess the diagnostic and prognostic utility of simultaneous hybrid cardiac PET/MR. Methods and results: Fifty-one consecutive patients with suspected CS (age 50 ± 13 years, 31 males) underwent simultaneous PET/MR following a high-fat/low-carbohydrate diet and 12-h fast...
January 8, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302846/a-network-meta-analysis-on-the-comparative-efficacy-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-glycaemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
The aim of the present study is to assess the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using a systematic review of the literature. Electronic and hand searches were performed until July 2017. The inclusion criteria were defined as follows: (1) randomized trial with a dietary approach; (2) adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus; (3) outcome either HbA1c (%) and/or fasting glucose (mmol/l); (4) minimum intervention period of 12 weeks. For each outcome measure, random effects network meta-analysis was performed in order to determine the pooled effect of each intervention relative to each of the other interventions...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301216/novel-nutrition-profiling-of-new-zealanders-varied-eating-patterns
#6
Olivia Maclaren, Lisa Mackay, Grant Schofield, Caryn Zinn
There is increasing recognition that the relationship between nutrition and health is influenced by complex eating behaviors. The aims of this study were to develop novel nutrition profiles of New Zealanders and to describe the prevalence of these profiles. Observational, cross-sectional data from the Sovereign Wellbeing Index, 2014 was used to develop the profiles in an a-priori process. Descriptive prevalence for the total data (N = 10,012; 4797 males; 18+ years) and profiles were reported. Nutrition question responses were presented as: Includers (consumed few time a week or more), Avoiders (few time a month) and Limiters (not eaten)...
December 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298359/compatibility-of-intravenous-ibuprofen-with-lipids-and-parenteral-nutrition-for-use-as-a-continuous-infusion
#7
Jowell Garcia, Alka Garg, Yunmei Song, Ambados Fotios, Chad Andersen, Sanjay Garg
There is increasing interest to administer ibuprofen as a continuous infusion instead of a traditional bolus for treating Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA). However, its compatibility data with commonly used drugs in the neonatal period, including parenteral nutrition (PN) and lipids is unavailable. The aim is to determine the compatibility of intravenous ibuprofen lysine with various ANZNN parenteral nutrition consensus group standard neonatal PN formulations and lipids. The PN and lipid solutions used in a tertiary neonatal unit were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290352/a-shift-toward-a-high-fat-diet-in-the-current-metabolic-paradigm-a-new-perspective
#8
Hunter S Waldman, Benjamin M Krings, JohnEric W Smith, Matthew J McAllister
OBJECTIVE: Investigations into the relationship between dietary carbohydrate restriction and health are mixed. Current guidelines for nutrition promote low-fat foods and higher carbohydrate consumption for optimal health and weight loss. However, high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets are revealing both intra- and extracellular adaptations that have been shown to elicit favorable cardiometabolic changes associated with obesity. Moreover, dietary fat is associated with higher satiety levels from the hormones adiponectin, leptin, and cholecystokinin...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288247/dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-visceral-adipose-tissue-estimates-reproducibility-and-impact-of-pre-assessment-diet
#9
Grant M Tinsley, Jeffrey S Forsse, Elisa Morales, Peter W Grandjean
We examined the reproducibility of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) visceral adipose tissue (VAT) estimates as well as the impact of pre-assessment diet. In a counterbalanced design, 41 adults received 6 DXA scans, while consuming standardized high- and low-carbohydrate (LC) diets. The impact of pre-assessment diet was examined via repeated-measures analysis of variance and reproducibility of VAT estimates was evaluated by technical error of measurement (TEM) and s.e. of a single determination (SESD)...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250105/dietary-sugar-and-barrett-s-esophagus
#10
M Riegler, I Kristo, R Asari, E Rieder, S F Schoppmann
Introduction: Barrett's esophagus (BE) represents the premalignant morphology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Evidence indicates a positive correlation between GERD vs. obesity and increased sugar consumption. Methods: Here we analyzed recently published data (2006-2017) on the role of dietary sugar intake for BE development (main focus year 2017). Results: Recent investigations found a positive association between obesity, hip waist ratio and dietary sugar intake and Barrett's esophagus...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245026/ketogenic-diet-induced-extension-of-longevity-in-epileptic-kcna1-null-mice-is-influenced-by-gender-and-age-at-treatment-onset
#11
Kyoung-Chul Chun, Shun-Chieh Ma, Hyoungil Oh, Jong M Rho, Do Young Kim
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a leading cause of premature mortality in patients with epilepsy, and has been linked to multiple risk factors, including gender and early age at seizure onset. Despite the lack of a targeted therapy for SUDEP, it has recently been shown that a high-fat, low carbohydrate ketogenic diet (KD) enhances longevity in the epileptic Kcna1-null (KO) mouse, a validated model of SUDEP. Here, we asked whether the KD-driven prolongation of lifespan in KO mice is dependent on sex and/or age at treatment onset...
November 21, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235157/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-uk-biobank
#12
M Shafique, S Russell, S Murdoch, J D Bell, N Guess
BACKGROUND: Low-carbohydrate diets are becoming increasingly popular, although their dietary quality outside of clinical studies is unknown. A previous study analysed the dietary intake in people consuming a reduced-carbohydrate diet (<40% calories). However, it is not clear what foods people consume when carbohydrate is reduced to below 26% of total calories. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake collected via up to five consecutive 24-h dietary recalls and a food frequency questionnaire of 444 individuals (aged 46-79 years) consuming <26% of calories from carbohydrate (LCHO) was compared with that of 131 897 individuals consuming ≥45% calories from carbohydrate (NCHO) using the UK Biobank Dataset...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233719/a-randomized-study-of-dietary-composition-during-weight-loss-maintenance-rationale-study-design-intervention-and-assessment
#13
Cara B Ebbeling, Gloria L Klein, Patricia K Luoto, Julia M W Wong, Lisa Bielak, Ralph G Eddy, Sarah K Steltz, Courtenay Devlin, Megan Sandman, Bridget Hron, Kim Shimy, Steven B Heymsfield, Robert R Wolfe, William W Wong, Henry A Feldman, David S Ludwig
BACKGROUND: While many people with overweight or obesity can lose weight temporarily, most have difficulty maintaining weight loss over the long term. Studies of dietary composition typically focus on weight loss, rather than weight-loss maintenance, and rely on nutrition education and dietary counseling, rather than controlled feeding protocols. Variation in initial weight loss and insufficient differentiation among treatments confound interpretation of results and compromise conclusions regarding the weight-independent effects of dietary composition...
December 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229652/protocol-for-the-specialist-supervised-individualised-multifactorial-treatment-of-new-clinically-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-in-general-practice-ida-a-prospective-controlled-multicentre-open-label-intervention-study
#14
Jacob Volmer Stidsen, Jens Steen Nielsen, Jan Erik Henriksen, Søren Gunnar Friborg, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Thomas Bastholm Olesen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henning Beck-Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: We present the protocol for a multifactorial intervention study designed to test whether individualised treatment, based on pathophysiological phenotyping and individualised treatment goals, improves type 2 diabetes (T2D) outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a prospective controlled multicentre open-label intervention study, drawing on the longitudinal cohort of the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2). New clinically diagnosed patients with T2D in the intervention group will be assigned to receive individualised treatment by their general practitioner...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207483/biochemical-physiological-and-transcriptomic-comparison-between-burley-and-flue-cured-tobacco-seedlings-in-relation-to-carbohydrates-and-nitrate-content
#15
Yafei Li, Huijuan Yang, Dong Chang, Shuzhen Lin, Yuqing Feng, Jingjing Li, Hongzhi Shi
Burley tobacco is a genotype of chloroplast-deficient mutant with accumulates high levels of tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) which would induce malignant tumors in animals. Nitrate is a principle precursor of tobacco-specific nitrosamines. Nitrate content in burley tobacco was significantly higher than that in flue-cured tobacco. The present study investigated differences between the two tobacco types to explore the mechanisms of nitrate accumulation in burley tobacco. transcripts (3079) related to the nitrogen and carbon metabolism were observed...
December 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206237/one-year-follow-up-after-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-130-g-day-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-poor-glycemic-control
#16
Junko Sato, Akio Kanazawa, Chie Hatae, Sumiko Makita, Koji Komiya, Tomoaki Shimizu, Fuki Ikeda, Yoshifumi Tamura, Takeshi Ogihara, Tomoya Mita, Hiromasa Goto, Toyoyoshi Uchida, Takeshi Miyatsuka, Chie Ohmura, Takehito Watanabe, Kiyoe Kobayashi, Yoshiko Miura, Manami Iwaoka, Nao Hirashima, Hirotaka Watada
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recently, we conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) showing that a 6-month 130g/day low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) reduced HbA1c and BMI more than a calorie restricted diet (CRD). [1] To assess whether the benefits of the LCD persisted after the intensive intervention, we compared HbA1c and BMI between the LCD and CRD groups at 1 year after the end of the 6-month RCT. METHODS: Following the end of the 6-month RCT, patients were allowed to manage their own diets with periodic outpatient visits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190720/intramyocellular-triacylglycerol-accumulation-across-weight-loss-strategies-sub-study-of-the-central-trial
#17
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Gal Tsaban, Hila Zelicha, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Lilac Tene, Benjamin Sarusy, Philip Rosen, Jay R Hoffman, Jeffrey R Stout, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
BACKGROUND: Intramyocellular triacylglycerol (IMTG) is utilized as metabolic fuel during exercise and is linked to insulin resistance, but the long-term effect of weight loss strategies on IMTG among participants with abdominal fat, remain unclear. METHODS: In an 18-month trial, sedentary participants with abdominal fat/dyslipidemia were randomized to either a low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet (including 28g·day-1 of walnuts). After 6-months, the participants were re-randomized to moderate intense physical activity (PA+) or non-physical activity (PA-)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184484/ketone-based-metabolic-therapy-is-increased-nad-a-primary-mechanism
#18
Marwa Elamin, David N Ruskin, Susan A Masino, Paola Sacchetti
The ketogenic diet's (KD) anticonvulsant effects have been well-documented for nearly a century, including in randomized controlled trials. Some patients become seizure-free and some remain so after diet cessation. Many recent studies have explored its expanded therapeutic potential in diverse neurological disorders, yet no mechanism(s) of action have been established. The diet's high fat, low carbohydrate composition reduces glucose utilization and promotes the production of ketone bodies. Ketone bodies are a more efficient energy source than glucose and improve mitochondrial function and biogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182403/long-distance-triathletes-intentions-to-manipulate-energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-a-training-macrocycle
#19
Hani Kopetschny, David Rowlands, David Popovich, Jasmine Thomson
This study explored the information sources long-distance triathletes used to inform their training and nutrition plans, and evaluated these plans over a training macrocycle. Seventy-four long-distance triathletes completed the online survey. Coaches were the most popular training information source (69%), whereas non-professional sources (internet 65%, other athletes 53%) were more popular than nutritionists (29%) for nutrition information. Attributes valued most in an information source were: source prior personal experience, individualised advice, breadth of knowledge, and credibility...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178536/effects-of-an-energy-restricted-low-carbohydrate-high-unsaturated-fat-low-saturated-fat-diet-versus-a-high-carbohydrate-low-fat-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-a-2-year-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Jeannie Tay, Campbell H Thompson, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Thomas P Wycherley, Manny Noakes, Jonathan D Buckley, Gary A Wittert, William S Yancy, Grant D Brinkworth
AIM: To examine whether a low-carbohydrate, high unsaturated/low saturated fat diet (LC) improves glycemic control and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: 115 adults with T2D (mean[SD]; BMI:34.6[4.3]kg/m2 , age:58[7]yrs, HbA1c:7.3[1.1]%) were randomized to one of two planned energy-matched, hypocaloric diets combined with aerobic/resistance exercise (1hr,3d/wk) for 2 years:(1) LC:14% energy as carbohydrate, 28% protein, 58% fat [<10% saturated fat]) or (2) low fat, high-carbohydrate, low glycemic index diet (HC):53% CHO, 17% protein, 30% fat [<10% saturated fat])...
November 27, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
38156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"