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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346645/facial-trauma-caused-by-electronic-cigarette-explosion
#1
Brian Vaught, Joseph Spellman, Anil Shah, Alexander Stewart, David Mullin
Electronic cigarettes are increasingly popular as a supposed safer alternative to tobacco cigarettes or a smoking cessation tool. Research and debate have focused primarily on possible adverse effects caused by the inhaled aerosol produced by electronic cigarettes and on smoking cessation efficacy. Few reports in the medical literature describe injuries secondary to device malfunction. We present a case of electronic cigarette explosion, with a projectile fracturing the patient's right naso-orbital-ethmoid complex and anterior and posterior frontal sinus tables, with frontal sinus outflow tract involvement...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341451/is-treating-oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma-profitable-an-analysis-of-hospital-and-surgeon-reimbursement-at-an-academic-medical-center
#2
Dean M DeLuke, Vickas Agarwal, Trevor Holleman, Caroline K Carrico, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: During the past 2 decades, there has been a marked decrease in the willingness of community-based oral and maxillofacial surgeons to participate in trauma call. Although many factors can influence the decision not to take trauma call, 1 primary disincentive is the perception that managing facial trauma might be profitable for the hospital, but not profitable for the surgeon. The purpose of this study was to compare the profitability of facial trauma management for the hospital and the surgeon at the Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Medical Center (Richmond, VA)...
February 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338588/-vertical-midface-lifting-with-periorbital-anchoring-in-the-management-of-lower-eyelid-retraction-a-ten-year-clinical-retrospective-study
#3
Michele Pascali, Chiara Botti, Valerio Cervelli, Giovanni Botti
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid retraction can be the unfortunate result of aesthetic surgery, trauma, disease or simply aging processes. The purpose of this article is to assess whether midface lifting based on purely vertical repositioning constitutes an effective procedure for its correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 199 patients (311 eyelids) operated on between January 2004 and January 2014. The various causes of eyelid retraction in this population comprised cosmetic blepharoplasty (56...
March 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337354/facial-asymmetry-in-a-crying-newborn-a-comparison-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#4
Shreyas Arya, Sunil K Jain, Carol J Richardson
Facial asymmetry in a crying newborn can be due to a variety of different causes. Neonatal asymmetric crying facies (NACF) is a specific phenotype, which is often underrecognized. It is defined as asymmetry of the mouth and lips with grimacing or smiling, but a symmetric appearance at rest. NACF needs to be differentiated from complete facial palsy in a newborn, which can occur due to traumatic or developmental etiologies. Developmental causes can be present in isolation or may be a part of a recognized syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314423/dental-and-orofacial-injuries
#5
REVIEW
Paul Piccininni, Anthony Clough, Ray Padilla, Gabriella Piccininni
Oral and facial injuries are very common in sport, and can be very expensive to treat. Many of these injuries are preventable with proper pre-competition assessment and suitable well-designed protection. Prompt sideline identification and management of orofacial injuries and appropriate follow-up are crucial to successful outcomes. There have been significant recent advances in both trauma management and mouth guard design and fabrication techniques. Athletes have a unique set of challenges-including collisions, finances, travel and training, dehydration, sport beverages, and high carbohydrate diets-that may compromise their oral health...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314421/nasal-injuries-in-sports
#6
REVIEW
Alexander P Marston, Erin K O'Brien, Grant S Hamilton
Nasal trauma is a common consequence of athletic competition. The nasal bones are the most commonly fractured facial bone and are particularly at risk during sports participation. Acute management of trauma to the nose includes thorough evaluation of all injuries and may require immediate management for repair of facial lacerations, epistaxis control, or septal hematoma drainage. Nasal fractures can often be addressed with closed reduction techniques; however, in the setting of complex nasal trauma, an open approach may be indicated...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314420/sport-injuries-of-the-ear-and-temporal-bone
#7
REVIEW
L Mariel Osetinsky, Grant S Hamilton, Matthew L Carlson
In cases of head trauma, the ear should be evaluated in all of its components. A good understanding of otologic and skull base anatomy enables a thorough trauma assessment of this complex anatomic region. Auricular laceration, abrasion, avulsion, hematoma, frostbite, otitis externa, exostosis, tympanic membrane perforation, ossicular discontinuity, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, temporal bone fracture, facial nerve paresis, and sensorineural hearing loss are a few of the more common otologic injuries seen in active patients...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314418/facial-injuries-in-sports-soft-tissue-injuries-abrasions-contusions-lacerations
#8
REVIEW
Guy L Lanzi
This article reviews the diagnosis and treatment of facial soft tissue injuries in athletics. General diagnostic algorithms are presented, including initial assessment aligned with Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines. Specific injury types are discussed along with possible collateral damage and adverse sequelae to limit morbidity. Treatment modalities are described using generally accepted principles refined to fit athlete patients. Return-to-play issues are outlined relative to level of participation, with the emphasis on safe return...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314417/an-algorithmic-approach-to-triaging-facial-trauma-on-the-sidelines
#9
REVIEW
Kristi Colbenson
On-the-field evaluation of facial trauma requires a focused initial assessment of the patient's airway and breathing with a knowledge of the critical associated injuries. The initial triage in facial trauma involves assessing and protecting the athlete's airway, breathing, and cervical spine. The algorithm then requires a repeat evaluation for subtle causes of airway obstruction and aspiration risks. Final steps include control of hemorrhage, recognition of neurologic and ophthalmologic disability, and complete exposure of the athlete to examine for other associated injury...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302380/surgical-timing-for-facial-paralysis-after-temporal-bone-trauma
#10
Peng Xu, Aiyan Jin, Baoqiang Dai, Ruijie Li, Yefeng Li
OBJECTIVES: To explore surgical timing of facial paralysis after temporal bone trauma. METHODS: The clinical data of the patients with facial paralysis after temporal bone trauma who underwent subtotal facial nerve decompression were retrospectively collected, and 80 cases followed-up for one year were enrolled in the study. They were divided into different subgroups according to the age, onset, and interval between facial paralysis and surgery, and the outcomes of facial nerve between different subgroups were compared...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301646/traumatic-facial-injuries-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-never-event-or-frequent-occurrence
#11
Michael Bobian, Nour El-Kashlan, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Michael Carron
Importance: As the nursing home population continues to increase, an understanding of preventable injuries becomes exceedingly important. Although other fall-related injuries have been characterized, little attention has been dedicated to facial trauma. Objectives: To estimate the incidence of facial trauma among nursing home residents and detail mechanisms of injury, injury characteristics, and patient demographic data. Design, Setting, and Participants: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was used to calculate a weighted national incidence of facial trauma among individuals older than 60 years from a nationally representative collection of emergency departments from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301362/analysis-of-surfing-injuries-presenting-in-the-acute-trauma-setting
#12
Kevin T Jubbal, Charlie Chen, Todd Costantini, Fernando Herrera, Marek Dobke, Ahmed Suliman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Surfing is a rapidly growing major worldwide sport; however, little is understood regarding severe injuries and resulting hospital admissions. This study explores surfing-related injuries in the major surfing hub of San Diego presenting in the acute trauma setting. The purpose of this study is to address the void of information regarding severe surfing injuries in the trauma setting, including injury patterns, associated hospitalization course, and risk factors...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280712/malocclusion-after-open-reduction-of-midfacial-fracture-a-case-report
#13
Seong-Un Lim, Ki-Su Jin, Yoon-Sic Han, Ho Lee
Malocclusion is a serious complication of open reduction surgery for facial fractures. It is often caused by the lack of adequate consideration for the occlusal relationship before the trauma and intermaxillary fixation during the operation. This is a case report of postoperative malocclusion that occurred in a patient with a midfacial complex fracture.
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271509/silent-sinus-syndrome-after-facial-trauma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Rakhna Araslanova, Larry Allen, Brian W Rotenberg, Leigh J Sowerby
OBJECTIVE: The accepted definition of silent sinus syndrome (SSS) excludes posttraumatic cases. To challenge current exclusion criteria of antecedent facial trauma, we have identified all published cases of posttraumatic SSS in English literature, including a new representative case from our institution. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus databases. REVIEW METHODS: All case reports and case series published in English literature from 1964 through August 2016 were sequentially identified...
March 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267931/ct-sinus-and-facial-bones-reporting-by-radiographers-findings-of-an-accredited-postgraduate-programme
#15
Paul Lockwood
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the observer performance of a cohort of radiographer's in reporting Computed Tomography (CT) sinus and facial bones investigations against a reference standard and alternative comparator of summary data from peer reviewed literature. METHODS: The participants (n=6) completed a 9-month part-time distance learning training programme prior to reporting an examination bank (n=25 cases) from a retrospectively collected and anonymised DICOM archive of CT examinations with referral histories and clinical reports...
March 7, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259488/initial-comparison-of-resident-and-attending-milestones-evaluations-in-plastic-surgery
#16
Amy Yao, Benjamin B Massenburg, Lester Silver, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Graduate medical education has recently undergone a major archetypal shift toward competency-based evaluations of residents' performance. The implementation of the Milestones program by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a core component of the shift, designed to ensure uniformity in measuring residency knowledge using a series of specialty-specific achievements. This study evaluates the correlation between residents' self-evaluations and program directors' assessments of their performance...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256384/osteosynthesis-using-cannulated-headless-herbert-screws-in-mandibular-angle-fracture-treatment-a-new-approach
#17
Jürgen Wallner, Knut Reinbacher, Matthias Feichtinger, Mauro Pau, Georg Feigl, Franz Quehenberger, Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer, Wolfgang Zemann
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the mandibular angle are a common type of facial skull fracture. Although operative treatment includes a wide range of fixation techniques, a definite gold standard method has yet to be established. Headless, cannulated Herbert screws, often used in many forms of minimally invasive trauma surgery, provide functional and stable fracture fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective, double-randomised, controlled, parallel-group - designed, in vitro trial, the biomechanical behaviour of the Herbert bone screw system was compared to that of a conventional locking plate system in 40 mandibular angle fractures of human mandible cadaver phantoms...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255287/orbital-fracture-repair
#18
REVIEW
Seanna Grob, Marc Yonkers, Jeremiah Tao
Orbital fractures are very common after facial trauma. The assessment of a patient with a suspected orbital wall injury includes a detailed oculofacial examination as well as radiologic imaging. Surgical repair with or without an implant may be indicated for diplopia, enophthalmos, or both. Cicatricial eyelid malposition is an iatrogenic complication commonly due to poor orbitotomy technique. Optimal repair involves direct exposure of the perimeter of the fractures' site through surgical planes that minimally scar the eyelids...
February 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254401/liquor-legislation-last-drinks-and-lockouts-the-newcastle-australia-solution
#19
G R Hoffman, K Palazzi, B K Oteng Boateng, C Oldmeadow
The aim of this study was to determine whether the regional implementation of prohibitive liquor legislation, introduced in order to limit the sale of and access to alcohol, can lead to a sustained reduction in the incidence of assault occasioning facial injury, as seen in patients presenting to a level 1 trauma hospital. A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted to document patients who were identified as an acute hospital presentation of assault occasioning facial injury. The period of study was 2003-2015; this ensured a similar period of time before and after the implementation of the legislation in 2008...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236566/the-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-in-maxillofacial-trauma
#20
REVIEW
A S Herford
In recent years, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) has been introduced as a therapeutic option in the treatment of several congenital and acquired craniofacial defects. Although there have been promising clinical results, the international literature still lacks complete guidelines, including limits and indications for the use of rhBMP-2. The possible indications for rhBMP-2 in patients undergoing facial trauma are discussed in this article.
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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