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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929365/management-of-comminuted-fractures-of-the-distal-humerus-clinical-outcome-after-primary-external-fixation-versus-immediate-fixation-with-locking-plates
#1
Clemens Kösters, Simon Lenschow, Esther Schulte-Zurhausen, Steffen Roßlenbroich, Michael J Raschke, Benedikt Schliemann
OBJECTIVES: The surgical treatment of comminuted fractures of the distal humerus remains a challenging problem. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical outcomes of primary external fixation with second-staged open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and initial definitive internal fixation in surgically treated patients with comminuted distal humerus fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Level one trauma center...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927881/four-year-outcomes-of-midcarpal-hemiarthroplasty-for-wrist-arthritis
#2
Marie Anneberg, Greg Packer, Joseph J Crisco, Scott Wolfe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the average 4-year outcomes of a cohort of patients with wrist arthritis, treated by a single surgeon with a novel prosthetic hemiarthroplasty of the midcarpal joint. We hypothesized that midcarpal hemiarthroplasty would improve range of motion and grip strength of patients with wrist arthritis, with a complication profile comparable with that of alternative solutions for wrist arthritis. METHODS: We reviewed a series of 20 patients treated with a midcarpal hemiarthroplasty at an average of 4 years following surgery...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913406/long-term-results-of-a-porous-tantalum-monoblock-tibia-component-clinical-and-radiographic-results-at-follow-up-of-10-years
#3
Daniel Gerscovich, Catherine Schwing, Anthony Unger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term follow-up of cementless total knee arthroplasty with the trabecular metal (TM) monoblock tibial component at an average 10-year follow-up. This report is an extension of our previously reported series of 108 TM tibias reported in 2011 (Unger and Duggan, 2011). METHODS: Fifty-eight of the original 108 knees were available for review. Each follow-up patient was evaluated by radiologic and clinical Knee Society Scores...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913377/early-versus-late-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-proximal-humerus-fractures-does-it-matter
#4
Adam Seidl, Daniel Sholder, William Warrender, Michael Livesey, Gerald Williams, Joseph Abboud, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: This study compared the outcomes between patients with proximal humerus fractures (PHF) who underwent acute reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) to those who underwent an alternative initial treatment before requiring (secondary) RSA. METHODS: Patients who underwent RSA after suffering a PHF were identified. Two year clinical follow-up was required for inclusion. Patients were divided into an acute group (RSA <4 weeks of fracture) and a secondary group...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890408/interventions-for-treating-3-or-4-part-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-elderly-patient-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Shaolong Du, Jiahao Ye, Haolong Chen, Xishan Li, Qiang Lin
BACKGROUND: The fractures of proximal humerus have a high incidence in elderly patients, especially 3- or 4-part fracture. There are 4 main treatments including nonoperation, open reduction and internal fixation(ORIF), hemiarthroplasty(HA) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty(RSA). However, which one is the optimal choice remains a controversial topic. METHODS: Through the search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane), the randomized controlled trials of 3- or 4-part proximal humeral fracture, until the end of July 2017, which is concerned with the elderly patients, were identified...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885384/a-new-stem-guide-and-a-tuberosity-anchoring-lasso-system-for-shoulder-hemiarthroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-complex-proximal-humerus-fractures
#6
Philippe Valenti, Davide Aliani, Charbel Maroun, Jean-David Werthel
Hemiarthroplasty implantation for proximal humerus fracture is challenging. In case of young demanding patients with functional rotator cuff, humeral head replacement is an option if open reduction internal fixation is not a viable solution. The criteria for success in terms of clinical outcomes and longevity are anatomic healing of the tuberosities and stem positioning (restoring correct height, version, and axis). The purpose of this article is to describe a technique including a new stem guide and a tuberosity anchor "lasso" system for the implantation of hemiarthroplasty in complex proximal humerus fractures...
September 6, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877198/correlation-between-classification-and-secondary-screw-penetration-in-proximal-humeral-fractures
#7
Qiuke Wang, Yu Zhu, Yifei Liu, Lei Wang, Yunfeng Chen
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the correlation between fracture classification and secondary screw penetration. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 189 patients with displaced proximal humeral fractures treated by ORIF at our hospital between June 2006 and June 2013. All fractures were classified radiographically before surgery and follow-up for least 2 years after surgery was recommended. At each follow-up, radiographs were taken in three orthogonal views to evaluate secondary screw penetration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872509/mandibular-condylar-fractures-in-children-morphofunctional-results-after-treatment-with-external-fixation
#8
Piero Cascone, Marco Marra Marcozzi, Valerio Ramieri, Giulio Bosco, Valentino Vellone, Fabrizio Spallaccia
Best treatment for paediatric patients with mandibular condylar fractures is still debated, and many approaches have been proposed. Closed treatment is the most used, but there is evidence showing long-term problems in patients with dislocated fractures. On the other hand, there are concerns on surgical treatment with open reduction internal fixation, particularly on the implanted hardware during growth. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcomes of paediatric patients treated surgically with external fixation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857992/solitary-frontal-sinus-fractures-compared-to-multiple-facial-fractures-energy-impact-dependency
#9
Efi Weitman, Dekel Shilo, Omri Emodi, Adi Rachmiel
Frontal sinus fractures account for 2% to 15% of maxillofacial injuries. Up to 66% to 87% of the patients with frontal sinus fractures experience associated facial fractures. The majority of classifications used today categorize frontal sinus fractures depending on the integrity of the anterior table, posterior table, and the nasofrontal outflow. A retrospective study was performed, which included 24 patients diagnosed with frontal sinus fractures. Treatment in all patients consisted of open reduction and bone fixation...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852335/proximal-humerus-fracture-dislocation-with-laceration-of-the-axillary-artery-a-case-report
#10
Steven J Cotman, Thai Q Trinh, Stephen Vincent, Jeffrey R Backes
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures account for approximately 4-6% of all fractures. While the majority of these fractures are treated non-operatively, the amount of fracture displacement, concomitant injuries, and patient factors often result in the need for surgical stabilization. Although concomitant neurovascular injury in the setting of low-energy trauma is rare, injury to the surrounding neurovascular structures have previously been reported. METHODS: We report a case of a 79-year-old male who sustained a low energy fall resulting in a two-part fracture dislocation of the proximal humerus with an associated brachial plexopathy and axillary artery laceration...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845395/acute-both-bone-fracture-in-a-chronic-contracted-forearm
#11
Mark Ayzenberg, Nathan C Tiedeken, Dillon E Arango, James Raphael
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of information on management of forearm fractures through pre-existing ischemic contractures. The prevention of a Volkmann's contracture in forearm compartment syndrome requires vigilant clinical evaluation and emergent fasciotomy, but many of the patients who develop these contractures often do so as a result of delayed presentation due to substance abuse and intoxication. This case describes the first report and management of a severely displaced both bone (BB) forearm fracture through a chronic forearm Volkmann's contracture...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843716/outcome-following-osteosynthesis-or-primary-arthrodesis-of-calcaneal-fractures-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#12
Siem A Dingemans, Sjoerd T Meijer, Manouk Backes, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S K Luitse, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal fractures are uncommon and have a substantial impact on hindfoot function and quality of life. Several surgical treatment options are available; both in surgical approach and type of operation. The aim of this study was to compare functional outcome and quality of life following ORIF and primary arthrodesis. Furthermore, predictors of worse functional outcome were explored. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional cohort study was performed in patients with surgical fixation of a calcaneal fracture with a minimum follow-up of 18 months...
August 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840154/do-tibial-plateau-fractures-worsen-outcomes-of-knee-ligament-injuries-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#13
Mark E Cinque, Jonathan A Godin, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Bradley M Kruckeberg, Jonas Pogorzelski, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Tibial plateau fractures account for a small portion of all fractures; however, these fractures can pose a surgical challenge when occurring concomitantly with ligament injuries. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to compare 2-year outcomes of soft tissue reconstruction with or without a concomitant tibial plateau fracture and open reduction internal fixation. We hypothesized that patients with a concomitant tibial plateau fracture at the time of soft tissue surgery would have inferior outcomes compared with patients without an associated tibial plateau fracture...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840146/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-clavicle-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-national-football-league-players
#14
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Sergio M Navarro, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Clavicle fractures are common injuries in professional football. Surgical fixation of these injuries may lead to decreased nonunion rates, improved shoulder strength, and decreased residual functional impairment. PURPOSE: To determine (1) return-to-sport (RTS) rate in National Football League (NFL) players after clavicle fracture open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, and (4) postoperative performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834822/a-prospective-randomized-study-on-operative-treatment-for-simple-distal-tibial-fractures-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-versus-minimal-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#15
Ji Wan Kim, Hyunuk Kim, Chang-Wug Oh, Joon-Woo Kim, Ki Chul Park
OBJECTIVES: To compare the radiological and clinical results of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and minimal open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for simple distal tibial fractures. DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. SETTING: Three level 1 trauma centers. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight patients with simple and distal tibial fractures were randomized into a MIPO group (treatment with MIPO; n=29) or a minimal group (treatment with minimal ORIF; n=29)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819614/acute-compartment-syndrome-after-an-olecranon-fracture-in-a-patient-with-mild-hemophilia-b
#16
John M Reynolds, Christy Christophersen, Mary K Mulcahey
INTRODUCTION: Compartment syndrome is a serious condition characterized by compartmental pressures within 20 mmHg of diastolic blood pressure, or clinical signs of pain, paresthesia, pallor, and lack of pulses. Often a surgical intervention is necessary. Increased surveillance for compartment syndrome is important when a patient with a bleeding disorder sustains a traumatic injury. CASE REPORT: We present a case of forearm compartment syndrome in a patient with mild hemophilia B who sustained an olecranon fracture...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816960/successful-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-displaced-femoral-fracture-in-a-patient-with-osteopetrosis-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#17
Jiangfa Huang, Jianke Pan, Mingtao Xu, Shuchai Xu
RATIONALE: Osteopetrosis is a rare disease that predominantly occurs in descendants of inbreeding families. In the case of fractures happen in patients with osteopetrosis, the choice between operative or conservative treatment is still controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a conventional treatment for fractures, and it possesses more applicability than conservative treatment. During this surgical treatment, ensure that bone union in the right way is pivotal to success and simultaneously prevents refracture and displacement after the operation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816894/the-clavicle-trial-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-operative-with-nonoperative-treatment-of-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Philip M Ahrens, Nicholas I Garlick, Julie Barber, Emily M Tims
BACKGROUND: The treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures remains controversial. METHODS: We undertook a multicenter randomized controlled trial to compare effectiveness and safety between nonoperative management and ORIF (open reduction and internal fixation) for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures in adults. Three hundred and one eligible adult patients were randomized to 1 of the 2 treatment groups and followed at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 9 months after recruitment...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811800/a-comparative-study-of-functional-outcome-of-treatment-of-intra-articular-fractures-of-distal-radius-fixed-with-percutaneous-kirschner-s-wires-vs-t-plate
#19
Jahangir Iqbal Khan, Faisal Nazeer Hussain, Tahir Mehmood, Omer Adil
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Fractures of the distal radius are common with a variable prognosis in case of intra articular extension. The available options include Plaster, External fixation, Prefabricated Splintage using Ligamentotaxis, K-wire fixation, and open reduction internal fixation with T-plate without an as yet clear advantage of one over the others. If these fractures are allowed to collapse, radial shortening, angulation and articular incongruity may cause permanent deformity and loss of function...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809640/-treatment-of-displaced-patellar-fractures-with-multiple-circular-cerclage
#20
Z Tříska, J Urban, P Látal, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aims to conduct a mid-term evaluation of results of the treatment of patellar fractures with multiple circular cerclage. MATERIAL AND METHODS The retrospective clinical study with its own group of patients who underwent surgery in our centre in the period from 2008 to 2014. The study included a total of 29 patients with displaced patellar fractures treated with multiple circular cerclage. The available radiographic documentation was assessed and the quality of perioperative reposition, fracture healing, loss of reposition and potential failure of osteosynthesis material was considered...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
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