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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147640/robinsoniella-peoriensis-infection-related-to-right-femoral-hardware
#1
Justin Schmetterer, Joseph Gorvetzian, Shaun Yang
Discovered in swine manure relatively recently, Robsinoniella peoriensis is a gram-positive anaerobic bacilli that has been reported to cause human infections. Its antimicrobial susceptibility, epidemiology and overall pathogenicity are still not fully understood. We report a case of a hardware related soft tissue infection in the right femur caused by Robinsoneilla peoriensis following an open reduction internal fixation in a 67 year old immunocompetent woman. The patient was successfully treated with six weeks of ertapenem...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145978/outpatient-management-of-ankle-fractures
#2
REVIEW
Charles Qin, Robert G Dekker, Mia M Helfrich, Anish R Kadakia
Interest in outpatient orthopedic surgery has been fueled by provider desire to control costs and development of rapid recovery protocols. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a commonly elected treatment strategy for ankle fracture that may be performed in an outpatient setting. Lessons on cost-savings of the outpatient model in orthopedics can be learned in total joint replacement and spine surgery. Moreover, in properly selected patients, outpatient ORIF has been shown to be comparably safe. Reasons for admission of the surgically managed patient with ankle fractures, including concern for surgical delay and additional social factors, warrant further investigation...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126601/an-international-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-management-of-vancouver-type-b1-periprosthetic-femoral-fractures-around-total-hip-arthroplasties
#3
Brent D Bates, David W Walmsley, Milena R Vicente, Paul R Kuzyk, Aaron Nauth, James P Waddell, Michael D McKee, Emil H Schemitsch
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of periprosthetic femoral fractures around total hip arthroplasties is increasing. Fractures around a stable implant stem (Vancouver type B1) are among the most common of these fractures. Various fixation strategies for Vancouver type B1 periprosthetic fractures have been reported in the literature; however, little high-level evidence exists. This study was designed to determine the current management strategies and opinions among orthopaedic surgeons treating Vancouver type B1 periprosthetic femoral fractures, and to evaluate the need for a large prospective randomized controlled trial for the management of these injuries...
October 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122411/comparative-investigation-of-percutaneous-plating-and-intramedullary-nailing-effects-on-il-6-production-in-patients-with-tibia-shaft-fracture
#4
Adel Ebrahimpour, Mohammad-Ali Okhovatpour, Mehrdad Sadighi, Amir-Hossein Sarejloo, Mohammad-Reza Minator Sajjadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of intramedullary nailing (IMN), open plating and percutaneous plating on the induction of IL-6 in patients with tibia fractures. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with tibia shaft fracture underwent either intramedullary nailing (IMN, n = 15; 14 males and 1 female; mean age: 32.1 ± 15.6), ORIF plating (n = 8; 5 males and 3 females; mean age: 60.0 ± 17.8), or percutaneous plating (n = 7; 6 males and 1 female; mean age: 43...
November 6, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122125/tibial-plateau-fracture-management-arthroscopically-assisted-versus-orif-procedure-clinical-and-radiological-comparison
#5
Esmat Elabjer, Ivan Benčić, Tomislav Ćuti, Tomislav Cerovečki, Stjepan Ćurić, Dinko Vidović
INTRODUCTION: Tibial plateau fractures are articular injuries that may influence final functional outcome of the knee. Although these fractures comprise only 1% of all fractures, the fracture pattern is usually complex and requires anatomical reduction and absolutely stable fixation to achieve satisfactory results. The development of knee osteoarthritis is a common late complication and it can be strongly influenced by additional, underestimated cartilage defects, and meniscal and ligament tears...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122122/scaphoid-screw-placement-under-minimal-radiation-exposure
#6
Gloria M Hohenberger, Uldis Berzins, Bore Bakota, Patrick Holweg, Bernhard Clement, Stephan Grechenig
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous scaphoid fixation through either a volar or dorsal approach has the advantage of minor soft tissue damage compared with ORIF, and faster fracture union compared with conservative treatment. However, this technique demands highly intraoperative reliance on X-ray control, including increased radiation exposure and all associated side effects. PURPOSE: To test the possibility and efficacy of volar percutaneous scaphoid screw placement under minimalradiation exposure...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117828/dual-plating-technique-for-volar-rim-fracture-of-the-distal-radius-using-depuy-synthes-2-0-m-and-2-4-mm-locking-plates
#7
Yoshihiro Abe, Masahiro Suzuki, Hiromasa Wakita
BACKGROUND: To assess the surgical results of distal radius fractures with the involvement of a volar rim fragment using the DePuy-Synthes 2.0 mm and 2.4 mm locking plates. METHODS: Subjects were six women and one man of average age 57 years (range, 31-83 y) and a mean follow-up period of 9 months (range, 5-19 mo) with AO B3 (volar shearing) distal radius fractures. Time of the procedure, physical examination of wrist range of motion, grip strength compared with the contralateral healthy wrist, and radiographic evaluation (volar tilt, radial inclination, and ulnar variance) were evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115654/management-of-capitellar-fractures-with-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-using-herbert-screws
#8
Asif Sultan, Omar Khursheed, Mohammad Rafiq Bhat, Hilal Ahmad Kotwal, Qazi Waris Manzoor
BACKGROUND: Capitellar fractures are rare elbow injuries and can cause severe limitation of function if not properly managed. Numerous treatments have evolved, from closed reduction and cast immobilization to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), so as to achieve a stable joint that allows early mobilization. We determined the functional outcomes of treating these fractures with ORIF using Herbert screws via an extensile lateral approach. METHODS: Fifteen patients with capitellar fractures were included in this retrospective study...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102691/the-impact-of-surgeon-volume-and-hospital-volume-on-postoperative-mortality-and-morbidity-after-hip-fractures-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Azeem Tariq Malik, Usman Younis Panni, Bassam A Masri, Shahryar Noordin
INTRODUCTION: Recently, strategies aimed at optimizing provider factors have been proposed, including regionalization of surgeries to higher volume centers, and adoption of volume standards. With limited literature investigating the impact of hospital and surgeon volume on the outcome of hip fracture repairs, we undertook a systematic review to solidify the findings and attempt to arrive at a definitive conclusion with respect to both factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review examining the association between surgeon and hospital volume and hip fracture outcomes...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091491/management-of-intra-articular-distal-radius-fractures-volar-or-dorsal-locking-plate-which-has-fewer-complications
#10
Yoshihiro Abe, Susumu Tokunaga, Takuro Moriya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcomes and complications of volar and dorsal plating for the management of intra-articular distal radius fractures, with special regard to indications for dorsal plating. Furthermore, we examine the rationale for choosing dorsal plating and its frequency of use. METHODS: Clinical assessments included range of motion measurements at the wrist; grip strength; the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score; and the Gartland and Werley score...
November 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066112/costs-and-risk-factors-for-hospital-readmission-after-periprosthetic-knee-fractures-in-the-united-states
#11
Russell A Reeves, William W Schairer, David S Jevsevar
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic fractures (PPFX) around total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are devastating complications with significant morbidity. With growing healthcare costs, hospital readmissions have become a marker for quality healthcare delivery. However, little is known about the risk factors or costs associated with readmission after treatment of PPFX. We sought to identify the patient demographics, prevalence of treatment types (open reduction internal fixation [ORIF] vs revision TKA), 30 and 90-day readmission rates, costs of initial treatment and readmission, and risk factors for readmission...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065036/is-it-safe-to-prep-the-external-fixator-in-situ-during-second-stage-pilon-surgical-treatment
#12
Paul J Nielsen, Leonid S Grossman, Justin C Siebler, Elizabeth R Lyden, Lori K Reed, Matthew A Mormino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the infection rate of our protocol of prepping the external fixator in situ during definitive second stage pilon fracture open reduction internal fixation. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical investigation. SETTING: Academic Level 1 Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Out of 229 patients with distal tibia fractures presenting to our institution from 1999-2014, 100 were treated in a two-stage fashion utilizing this protocol...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064312/percutaneous-pinning-versus-volar-locking-plate-internal-fixation-for-unstable-distal-radius-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#13
Fei Peng, Yuan-Xiang Liu, Zhen-Yu Wan
This meta-analysis compared outcomes between percutaneous pinning/wiring and open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) with locking plates for treatment of unstable distal radius fractures. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched through December 30, 2015. Twenty randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised two-arm studies were included. Outcomes included scores of Disabilities of the Arms, Shoulders and Hands (DASH), visual analogue scale (VAS) pain, and patient rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) score, as well as range of motion (ROM) and complication incidence...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062214/analysis-of-the-variables-affecting-outcome-in-fractures-of-the-tibial-pilon-treated-by-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#14
Rafael Carbonell-Escobar, Juan C Rubio-Suarez, Aitor Ibarzabal-Gil, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
OBJECTIVE: To assess variables that could be related to outcomes in fractures of the tibial pilon treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: A total 92 fractures of the tibial pilon treated by ORIF in a 5-year period. The minimum follow-up was 1 year (mean: 3.3 years; range: 1-5). INTERVENTION: ORIF with LCP-LISS plate...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062212/early-reduction-of-acetabular-fractures-decreases-the-risk-of-post-traumatic-hip-osteoarthritis
#15
Mario Cahueque, Marcos Martínez, Andrés Cobar, María Bregni
BACKGROUND: Acetabular fractures are complex high-energy injuries. Increasing in recent years with the increased use of high-speed motor vehicles. One of the most important complications of acetabular fracture is the post-traumatic hip osteoarthritis; this complication has been associated to poor fracture reduction, type of fracture and delay in the reduction and fixation of acetabular fracture (Timing surgery). The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of post-traumatic hip osteoarthritis after acetabulum fracture and demonstrate whether the delay surgery is associated to early post-traumatic hip osteoarthritis...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052010/open-versus-closed-treatment-of-distal-tibia-physeal-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Waleed A Asad, Manaf H S Younis, Abdulaziz F Ahmed, Talal Ibrahim
AIMS: Distal tibia physeal fractures can lead to growth complications such as premature physeal closure (PPC), angular deformity and leg length discrepancy. The aim of our study was to systematically review the literature to assess whether open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is associated with lower rates of PPC compared to closed treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched several databases from 1966 to 2016 for studies that evaluated ORIF versus closed treatment of distal tibia physeal fractures...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050964/surgical-site-infection-following-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-a-closed-ankle-fractures-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#17
Ran Sun, Mingqiao Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaodong Li, Lumei Wu, Zheng Chen, Kang Chen
BACKGROUND: Identification of risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) after surgical ankle fractures was important, but related evidence was inadequate. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence and risk factors for SSI after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of a closed ankle fractures. METHODS: Patients who underwent ORIF for a closed ankle fractures at 3 centers between July 2015 and January 2017 were included. Electronic medical recordings (EMR) and Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS) were inquired for information on patients' clinical and radiographic characteristics...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049267/variation-among-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons-when-treating-medial-epicondyle-fractures
#18
Meghan Hughes, Karan Dua, Nathan N O'Hara, Brian K Brighton, Theodore J Ganley, William L Hennrikus, Martin J Herman, Joshua E Hyman, J Todd Lawrence, Charles T Mehlman, Kenneth J Noonan, Norman Y Otsuka, Richard M Schwend, M Wade Shrader, Brian G Smith, Paul D Sponseller, Joshua M Abzug
BACKGROUND: Medial epicondyle fractures are a common pediatric and adolescent injury accounting for 11% to 20% of elbow fractures in this population. This purpose of this study was to determine the variability among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons when treating pediatric medial epicondyle fractures. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment was conducted to determine which patient and injury attributes influence the management of medial epicondyle fractures by pediatric orthopaedic surgeons...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040139/ct-after-orif-of-acetabular-fractures-detects-residual-displacement-not-seen-on-radiography-and-correlates-with-osteoarthritis-risk-and-tha-commentary-on-an-article-by-diederik-o-verbeek-md-et-al-postoperative-ct-is-superior-for-acetabular-fracture-reduction
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037927/short-term-outcomes-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-sanders-type-iii-calcaneal-fractures-with-and-without-bone-grafts
#20
Hong Cao, Yun-Guang Li, Qing An, Bo Gou, Wei Qian, Xiao-Peng Guo, Ying Zhang
Calcaneal fractures, often caused by a fall from a height, are the most common injuries encountered by orthopedic surgeons. Currently, open anatomic reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is considered a valuable treatment of displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus; however, the need for bone grafting in the treatment is still controversial. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the outcomes of 2 methods (with and without bone grafting) used for the surgical treatment of Sanders type III calcaneal fractures...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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