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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341840/surgical-site-infections-after-open-reduction-internal-fixation-for-trauma-in-low-and-middle-human-development-index-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Thomas J McQuillan, Lawrence Z Cai, Ian Corcoran-Schwartz, Thomas G Weiser, Joseph D Forrester
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal trauma represents a large source of morbidity in low and middle human development index countries (LMHDICs). Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of traumatic long bone fractures definitively manages these injuries and restores function when conducted safely and effectively. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a common complication of operative fracture fixation, although the risks of infection are ill-defined in LMHDIC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study reviewed systematically all studies describing SSI after ORIF in LMDHICs...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339001/does-the-surgical-approach-for-treating-mandibular-condylar-fractures-affect-the-rate-of-seventh-cranial-nerve-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-a-new-classification-for-surgical-approaches
#2
Essam Ahmed Al-Moraissi, Aurélien Louvrier, Giacomo Colletti, Larry M Wolford, Federico Biglioli, Marwa Ragaey, Christophe Meyer, Edward Ellis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of facial nerve injury (FNI) when performing (ORIF) of mandibular condylar fractures by different surgical approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed that included several databases with specific keywords, a reference search, and a manual search for suitable articles. The inclusion criteria were all clinical trials, with the aim of assessing the rate of facial nerve injuries when (ORIF) of mandibular condylar fractures was performed using different surgical approaches...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334971/the-titanium-elastic-nail-serves-as-an-alternative-treatment-for-adult-proximal-radial-shaft-fractures-a-cohort-study
#3
Ying-Cheng Huang, Jenn-Huei Renn, Yih-Wen Tarng
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF) with titanium elastic nails (TENs) is a viable alternative treatment in proximal radial fractures. METHODS: In Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, from November 2013 to April 2015, five adult male patients with forearm injuries (average age 43 years; range 35-64 years) were treated for proximal radial shaft fractures. CRIF with TENs for radial shaft fractures was performed in these five patients...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322909/operative-versus-non-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intraarticular-fracture-of-calcaneum-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
S Meena, A Hooda, P Sharma, S Mittal, J Sharma, B Chowdhury
Various studies comparing operative and non-operative intervention for displaced intrarticular calcaneal fractures have reported conflicting findings in the past. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) vis-a-vis conservative management. Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing operative and non-operative intervention for displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures were assessed and included in this meta-analysis...
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319660/obesity-s-influence-on-operative-management-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#5
Neill Y Li, William J Bruce, Cara Joyce, Norman M Decker, Teresa Cappello
BACKGROUND: As childhood obesity remains an ongoing issue for the United States there has been an increasing number of studies detailing its effect on fracture complexity, management, and outcomes. This study utilizes a national database to examine whether obese children with supracondylar humerus fractures are more likely to require open reduction and internal fixation than nonobese children. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kid's Inpatient Database of 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012 were queried for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures [International Classification of Disease (ICD-9), 812...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301797/management-of-a-15-year-old-scaphoid-non-union
#6
Kai Yuen Wong, Olivia Sharp, Phillip Johnston
Scaphoid non-union affects wrist joint function and is often associated with a predictable pattern of degenerative change. A 30-year-old man presented with a symptomatic 15-year-old right scaphoid fracture with secondary scaphoid non-union advanced collapse of his right wrist. There was no evidence of avascular necrosis. The initial injury was from a fall onto his outstretched hand. We performed a right scaphoid open reduction, internal fixation and iliac crest bone graft. One year after the operation, the patient had good wrist function and grip strength...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287662/the-influence-of-local-bone-quality-on-fracture-pattern-in-proximal-humerus-fractures
#7
Ruben A Mazzucchelli, Katharina Jenny, Vilijam Zdravkovic, Johannes B Erhardt, Bernhard Jost, Christian Spross
INTRODUCTION: Bone mineral density and fracture morphology are widely discussed and relevant factors when considering the different treatment options for proximal humerus fractures. It was the aim of this study to investigate the influence of local bone quality on fracture patterns of the Neer classification as well as on fracture impaction angle in these injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All acute, isolated and non-pathological proximal humerus fractures admitted to our emergency department were included...
December 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287221/ankle-fractures-getting-it-right-first-time
#8
Anna S Walsh, Victoria Sinclair, Patrick Watmough, Alistair A Henderson
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures are common injuries presenting to trauma departments and ankle open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF2) is one of the first procedures targeted in early orthopaedic training. Failure to address the fracture pattern with the appropriate surgical technique and hardware may lead to early failure, resulting in revision procedures or premature degenerative change. Patients undergoing revision ORIF are known to be at much greater risk of complications and many of these secondary procedures may be preventable...
November 28, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286827/the-role-of-anxiety-in-simulation-based-dexterity-and-overall-performance-does-it-really-matter
#9
Fatema Dhaif, Georgios Paparoidamis, Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Ferha Saeed, Theodoros Michail, Anastasios Tzavelas, Efstathios Kenanidis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international undergraduate surgical masterclass which combines ex vivo, dry lab and high fidelity in vivo simulation-based learning (SBL). It consists of 32 stations of skills-based learning, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of fractures. Current literature suggests early involvement in skills-based learning at the undergraduate level is vital. AIMS: To compare students' dexterity and skills-based performance with demographic and educational background parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279780/locked-central-fracture-dislocation-of-the-hip-in-a-child-after-low-energy-trauma
#10
Alexandre H Nehme, Jack C Daoud, Hicham G Abdelnour, Jad N Bou Mounsef, Ramzi C Moucharafieh, Joseph W Wehbe
We present the case of a 13-year-old boy who sustained a locked central fracture dislocation of the right acetabulum following a bicycle fall. Immediate external reduction maneuvers under general anesthesia were unsuccessful due to intrapelvic entrapment of the femoral head. Open reduction internal fixation was achieved 48 hours later. After an initial satisfactory postoperative course, the patient ended up developing severe hip osteoarthritis 16 months after the procedure. The rarity of this injury in children is discussed, with its possible implications on joint congruity and potential growth injury...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276713/participation-in-recreational-athletics-after-operative-fixation-of-tibial-plateau-fractures-predictors-and-functional-outcomes-of-those-getting-back-in-the-game
#11
David N Kugelman, Abdullah M Qatu, Jack M Haglin, Sanjit R Konda, Kenneth A Egol
Background: Tibial plateau fractures can be devastating traumatic injuries to the knee, particularly in active athletes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to report on the return to participation in recreational athletics after operatively managed tibial plateau fractures. In addition, this study assessed factors associated with the ability to return to participation in recreational athletics after tibial plateau fractures treated with open reduction internal fixation and compared final outcomes between patients who were able to return to recreational athletics and those who could not...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275036/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-primary-arthrodesis-versus-open-reduction-internal-fixation-for-primarily-ligamentous-lisfranc-injuries
#12
Rachel H Albright, Sarah Haller, Erin Klein, Jeffrey R Baker, Lowell Weil, Lowell S Weil, Adam E Fleischer
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether surgical intervention with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) or primary arthrodesis (PA) for Lisfranc injuries is more cost effective. We conducted a formal cost-effectiveness analysis using a Markov model and decision tree to explore the healthcare costs and health outcomes associated with a scenario of ORIF versus PA for 45 years postoperatively. The outcomes assessed included long-term costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and incremental cost per QALY gained...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223659/complications-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-condylar-fractures-surgical-versus-conservative-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Iván García-Guerrero, Juan M Ramírez, Rafael Gómez de Diego, José M Martínez-González, María S Poblador, José L Lancho
OBJECTIVES: In the present article, we aim to review the main intra- and post-operative complications associated with two different therapeutic approaches for treating mandibular condylar fractures: conservative (CTR) and surgical treatment (ORIF, Open Reduction and Internal Fixation). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have carried out a retrospective, meta-analytic, observational study using literature review, covering the period between 2000- September 2017. The data obtained were processed using statistical software SPSS v...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202985/surgical-resident-involvement-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#14
Christopher E Gross, David Chang, Samuel B Adams, Selene G Parekh, Jordan D Bohnen
BACKGROUND: Surgical resident participation in the operating room is necessary for education and progression toward safe and independent practice. However, the impact of resident involvement on patient outcomes in foot and ankle surgery is unknown. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database (2005-2012) was used to identify common foot and ankle procedures (by Current Procedural Taxonomy (CPT) code) performed by orthopedic surgeons...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201304/minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-using-a-screw-compression-method-for-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures
#15
Sang-Hun Ko, Jae-Ryong Cha, Chae Chil Lee, Yong Tae Joo, Kyeong Su Eom
Background: This study aims to compare the surgical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) using a screw compression method in simple humeral shaft fractures. Methods: This retrospective study was performed with 50 patients who had surgical interventions for the treatment of simple humeral shaft fractures and had follow-ups of at least 12 months in Ulsan University Hospital between August 2008 and June 2015...
December 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196227/scaphoid-fractures-treated-with-a-volar-percutaneous-approach-analysis-and-results-in-92-cases
#16
G Luengo Alonso, V Jiménez Díaz, L Garcia Lamas, M A Porras Moreno, D Cecilia López
OBJECTIVE: Herbert type B1 and B2 scaphoid fractures can be treated by orthopaedic treatment or surgery. The aim of this study is to analyse results and complications of scaphoid waist fractures treated using the percutaneous volar approach. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We present a retrospective study of 92 patients, treated in our institution from 2006 to 2016 using a volar percutaneous fixation. Mean Follow-up was 16 months (range 12-48). Injuries were classified using Hebert's classification, including B1 and B2 fracture types; the other fracture types following this classification system were excluded...
November 28, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193653/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-deep-surgical-site-infection-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-closed-tibial-plateau-fractures-in-adults
#17
Qiang Ma, Abulaiti Aierxiding, Guosheng Wang, Chengwei Wang, Lijuan Yu, Zhimin Shen
This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of deep surgical site infection (DSSI) during hospitalisation after closed tibial plateau fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). We performed this retrospective study at a university-affiliated hospital with an advanced trauma centre. The data of adult patients with closed tibial plateau fractures treated with ORIF from January 2012 to February 2017 were extracted from the electronic medical records. Demographics, injury-related and surgery-related variables of DSSI and non-DSSI groups were compared by univariate test...
November 29, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185046/functional-outcomes-after-removal-of-hardware-in-patellar-fracture-are-we-helping-our-patients
#18
Arieh Greenberg, Assaf Kadar, Michael Drexler, Zachary T Sharfman, Ofir Chechik, Ely L Steinberg, Nimrod Snir
PURPOSE: Functional outcomes after Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) of the patella are variable. Common complications of patella ORIF include persistent anterior knee pain, limited range of motion and symptomatic hardware. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if removal of hardware is beneficial to symptomatic patients after patellar fracture fixation. METHODS: Patients who presented to our institution between December 2006 and November 2014 with patella fractures treated with ORIF were eligible for inclusion...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178856/influence-of-age-on-results-following-surgery-for-displaced-acetabular-fractures-in-the-elderly
#19
Guo-Chun Zha, Xue-Mei Yang, Shuo Feng, Xiang-Yang Chen, Kai-Jin Guo, Jun-Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients have more special medical needs when compared with young ones; thus, the results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for acetabular fractures should be stratified by age in these patients. This study seeks to determine whether the age of the patient influences the results of the ORIF for acetabular fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 53 elderly patients with displaced acetabular fractures who underwent ORIF between May 2004 and May 2011...
November 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173965/complications-and-patient-injury-after-ankle-fracture-surgery-a-closed-claim-analysis-with-data-from-the-patient-compensation-association-in-denmark
#20
Naja Bjørslev, Lars Bo Ebskov, Camilla Mersø, Christian Wong
BACKGROUND: The Patient Compensation Association (PCA) receives claims for financial compensation from patients who believe they have sustained damage from their treatment in the Danish health care system. In this study, we have analysed closed claims in which patients suffered injuries due to the surgical treatment of their ankle fracture. We identified causalities contributing to these injuries and malpractices, as well as the economic consequences of these damages. METHODS: Fifty-one approved closed claims from the PCA database from the years 2004-2009 were analysed in a retrospective systematic review...
November 21, 2017: Injury
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