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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898958/technical-note-a-procedure-to-estimate-glucose-requirements-of-an-activated-immune-system-in-steers
#1
S K Kvidera, E A Horst, M Abuajamieh, E J Mayorga, M V Sanz Fernandez, L H Baumgard
: Infection and inflammation impede efficient animal productivity. The activated immune system ostensibly requires large amounts of energy and nutrients otherwise destined for synthesis of agriculturally relevant products. Accurately determining the immune system's in vivo energy needs is difficult, but a better understanding may facilitate developing nutritional strategies to maximize productivity. The study objective was to estimate immune system glucose requirements following an i...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#2
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
November 28, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894710/bowel-dysfunction-after-anastomotic-leakage-in-laparoscopic-sphincter-saving-operative-intervention-for-rectal-cancer-a-case-matched-study-in-46-patients-using-the-low-anterior-resection-score
#3
Elisabeth Hain, Gilles Manceau, Léon Maggiori, Cécile Mongin, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
BACKGROUND: After sphincter-saving operation for rectal cancer, the impact of anastomotic leakage on function has been well studied. The purpose of the present work was to assess the influence of symptomatic and asymptomatic anastomotic leakage on bowel function and health-related quality of life using the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome score and the disease-specific questionnaire European Organization for Research and Treatment of Quality of Life Questionnaire for Colorectal Cancer...
November 25, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885480/a-single-institution-s-long-term-follow-up-of-patients-with-pathological-complete-response-in-locally-advanced-rectal-adenocarcinoma-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#4
Franscois Runau, Anna Collins, Glenn Ace Fenech, Eleanor Ford, Nikoletta Dimitriou, Sanjay Chaudhri, Justin M C Yeung
PURPOSE: This paper aimed to study the long term follow-up of patients with primary rectal adenocarcinoma receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy who obtained a pathological complete response (pCR) and identify factors predicting complete response. METHODS: Retrospective review of notes, histology, pre-operative full blood count and imaging of patients with primary rectal adenocarcinoma diagnosed in our institute from 2000 to 2012 from a prospectively maintained database were used...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858372/severe-respiratory-acidosis-in-status-epilepticus-as-a-possible-etiology-of-sudden-death-in-lesch-nyhan-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Alison Christy, William Nyhan, Jenny Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is an X-linked disorder of purine metabolism, associated with self-mutilation, dystonia, and chorea. Seizures are uncommon in LND. Patients with LND are at risk for sudden and unexpected death. The etiology of this is unknown, but appears to occur from a respiratory process. We propose that respiratory failure secondary to subclinical seizure may lead to sudden death in these patients. CASE: We report a case of an 11-year-old boy with LND who had two episodes of nocturnal gasping...
November 18, 2016: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856098/gastric-perforation-and-critical-illness-polyneuropathy-after-steroid-treatment-in-a-patient-with-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-transient-splenial-lesion
#6
Mitsuru Ikeno, Shinpei Abe, Hirokazu Kurahashi, Michihiko Takasu, Toshiaki Shimizu, Akihisa Okumura
The outcome of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is favorable whether or not specific treatment is performed. We report a patient with MERS treated with methylprednisolone, complicated by gastric perforation followed by critical illness polyneuropathy. The patient was a 14-year-old male with mildly impaired consciousness and hyponatremia who was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. High fever appeared after methylprednisolone pulse therapy and free air was recognized on an abdomen roentgenogram...
November 14, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830039/increasing-trend-in-retained-rectal-foreign-bodies
#7
Abraham A Ayantunde, Zynep Unluer
AIM: To highlight the rising trend in hospital presentation of foreign bodies retained in the rectum over a 5-year period. METHODS: Retrospective review of the cases of retained rectal foreign bodies between 2008 and 2012 was performed. Patients' clinical data and yearly case presentation with data relating to hospital episodes were collected. Data analysis was by SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, United States. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients presented over a 5-year period with a mean age of 39 (17-62) years and M: F ratio of 2:1...
October 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819756/ultrasound-detection-of-prostatic-calculi-as-a-parameter-to-predict-the-appearance-of-hematospermia-after-a-prostate-biopsy
#8
Lucio Dell'Atti
PURPOSE: We evaluated the correlation between prostate calculi and hematospermia in patients undergoing prostate biopsy, and its impact on sexual activity of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center prospective randomized study of 212 patients referred for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSBx) was performed. All patients were divided into two groups: Group A (GA), 106 patients with moderate/marked presence of prostatic calculi visualized by TRUS; Group B (GB), 106 patients with absence/scarce of prostatic calcifications...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819749/does-mri-help-in-the-pre-operative-evaluation-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-distraction-defect-a-pilot-study
#9
Rajadoss Muthukrishna Pandian, Nirmal Thampi John, Anu Eapen, B Antonisamy, Antony Devasia, Nitin Kekre
OBJECTIVES: To study the usefulness of MRI in preoperative evaluation of PFUDD. Can MRI provide additional information on urethral distraction defect (UDD) and cause of erectile dysfunction (ED)? MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, consecutive male patients presenting with PFUDD were included from Feb 2011 till Dec 2012. Those with traumatic spinal cord injury and pre-existing ED were excluded. Patients were assessed using IIEF questionnaire, retrograde urethrogram and micturating cystourethrogram (RGU+MCU) and MRI pelvis...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807725/unilateral-pelvic-side-wall-lymph-node-resection-for-rectal-cancer-a-review-of-the-anatomy
#10
Tian-Zhi Lim, Peter J Lee, Michael J Solomon, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this video is to highlight key safety and critical techniques employed during laparoscopic pelvic side-wall lymph node resection for rectal cancer. In addition, a review of the key pelvic side-wall anatomical structures will be included. METHODS: We report a case of a 50-year-old Chinese female who presented with per-rectal bleeding, with colonoscopy revealing a 1.5 cm moderately differentiated rectal adenocarcinoma 4 cm above the anorectal junction...
November 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798894/kras-mutant-status-p16-and-%C3%AE-catenin-expression-may-predict-local-recurrence-in-patients-who-underwent-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-tems-for-stage-i-rectal-cancer
#11
Michail Sideris, Jane Moorhead, Salvador Diaz-Cano, Ingvar Bjarnason, Amyn Haji, Savvas Papagrigoriadis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEMS) is emerging as an alternative treatment for rectal cancer Stage I. There remains a risk of local recurrence. The Aim of the study was to study the effect of biomarkers in local recurrence for Stage I rectal cancer following TEMS plus or minus radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a case control study where we compared 10 early rectal cancers that had recurred, against 19 cases with no recurrence, total 29 patients (age=28...
October 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779994/staging-rectal-cancer-the-utility-of-chest-radiograph-and-chest-computed-tomography
#12
Michael P O'Leary, Aaron B Parrish, Cynthia M Tom, Brian W MacLaughlin, Beverley A Petrie
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends that patients who are newly diagnosed with rectal cancer undergo staging CT scan of the chest. It is unclear whether posteroanterior and lateral chest radiography (X-ray) alone would provide adequate staging for most of these patients. A retrospective review was performed on all patients who had a two-view chest X-ray along with a chest CT for rectal cancer staging from 2007 to 2015. A total of 74 patients had both modalities. Sixty-three (85%) had a normal chest X-ray and 11 (15%) had an abnormal chest X-ray...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743667/technical-note-preliminary-evaluation-of-an-automated-indwelling-rumen-temperature-bolus-measurement-system-to-detect-pyrexia-in-preweaned-dairy-calves
#13
W A Knauer, S M Godden, N McDonald
Indwelling rumen temperature bolus (RTB) systems have the potential to offer a convenient and timely method of detecting pyrexia, indicative of active infectious disease. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the utility of using RTB systems in preweaned dairy calves. First, an in vitro study was performed to evaluate the accuracy of the RTB in its immediate environment. Thirteen RTB were immersed in a hot water bath (WB). Variably collected RTB temperatures were then matched to WB temperatures, which varied from 36 to 41°C, with 1 h spent at each temperature...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726113/late-sacral-recurrence-of-rectal-cancer-treated-by-heavy-ion-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#14
Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazushige Kawai, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Shigeru Yamada, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The need for surveillance of rare late recurrence of rectal cancer has not yet been established. Local control of unresectable skeletal metastasis is important for palliation of symptoms and support for systemic chemotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: A Japanese man underwent preoperative pelvic irradiation (50.4 Gy/28 Fr) and low anterior resection at the age of 57 years. The pathological stage was II (T3N0M0). Nine years after the surgery, his carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level showed rapid elevation, although he had no symptoms...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721251/application-value-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-treatment-of-rectal-carcinoids
#15
Xiaohuan Li, Yongxian Gui, Wenliang Han, Hongjian Jiang, Daihua Qi, Yi Yang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the clinical effect and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) for treatment of rectal carcinoids. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 42 patients with rectal carcinoids who were hospitalized and subjected to surgical treatment in our hospital from January 2010 to November 2015. The patients were categorized into two groups based on treatment received: ESD (n = 22) and EMR (n = 20)...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716943/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-prevention-or-treatment-of-pain-in-newborns
#16
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698520/re-staging-following-long-course-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer-does-it-influence-management
#17
A McBrearty, K McCallion, R J Moorehead, I McAllister, K Mulholland, R Gilliland, W J Campbell
BACKGROUND: In patients with locally advanced or low rectal cancers, long-course chemoradiotherapy (LCCRT) is recommended prior to surgical management.(1) The need for restaging afterwards has been questioned as it may be difficult to interpret imaging due to local tissue effects of chemoradiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine if restaging affected the management of patients receiving long-course chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with rectal cancer discussed at the South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust Lower Gastrointestinal Multi-Disciplinary Team Meeting (LGIMDT) in 2013 who had received long-course chemoradiotherapy was performed...
September 2016: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687949/motor-evoked-potentials-in-standing-and-recumbent-calves-induced-by-magnetic-stimulation-at-the-foramen-magnum
#18
J Rijckaert, B Pardon, K Verryken, L Van Ham, G van Loon, P Deprez
The aims of this study were to determine reference values for magnetic motor evoked potentials (mMEPs) in calves and the influence of position during examination (standing or lateral recumbency). Reference values were determined using 41 healthy Holstein Friesian bull calves aged 1-10 months; standing and lateral recumbency were examined in 11 calves. Maximal magnetic stimulation was performed at the level of the foramen magnum with a magnetic field of 4 T at the coil surface. In standing position, distinct, reproducible mMEPs were obtained in all calves...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663931/long-term-results-on-the-efficacy-of-argon-plasma-coagulation-for-patients-with-chronic-radiation-proctitis-after-conventionally-fractionated-dose-escalated-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#19
Joseph Weiner, David Schwartz, Manuel Martinez, Joseph Safdieh, Ayse Aytaman, David Schreiber
PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the efficacy and outcomes of argon plasma coagulation (APC) in the management of chronic radiation proctitis after conventionally fractionated, dose-escalated radiation therapy (≥7560 cGy). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts on all patients treated with external beam radiation therapy (minimum dose, 7560 cGy) for histologically confirmed prostate cancer at our institution from 2003 to 2011. Five hundred patients met these criteria; of these, 35 patients (7...
August 1, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650707/preoperative-oral-antibiotics-reduce-infections-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#20
Michal Mik, Maciej Berut, Radzislaw Trzcinski, Lukasz Dziki, Jaroslaw Buczynski, Adam Dziki
AIM: The objectives were to recognize the risk factors for surgical site infections (SSIs) after surgery due to colorectal cancer and to assess the impact of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) and oral antibiotic prophylaxis (ABX) on SSIs. METHODS: Records from two colorectal centers were used. Risk factors of SSIs were categorized into patient-, disease-, and treatment-dependent. RESULTS: A group of 2240 patients was included. SSIs were noted in 364 patients (16...
September 20, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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