keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NOTES rectal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423167/a-rare-case-of-massive-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-from-a-ruptured-splenic-artery-aneurysm
#1
Ravi Maharaj, Barry Raghunanan, Wayne Mohammed, Rakesh Rambally, Vandana Devika Sookdeo, Dave Harnanan, Wayne A Warner
Splenic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are an extremely rare cause of asymptomatic massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding with less than a handful of patients surviving such a presentation. A 24-year-old female presented in shock after multiple episodes of massive rectal bleeding. Imaging revealed a heterogeneous mass arising from the tail of the pancreas eroding into the splenic flexure of the colon. Further episodes of bleeding led to an exploratory laparotomy. Intraoperatively, a suspected neoplastic process arising from the tail of the pancreas with contiguous involvement of the splenic flexure of the colon and the greater curvature of the stomach was noted...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412018/single-contrast-ct-for-detecting-bowel-injuries-in-penetrating-abdominopelvic-trauma
#2
Hamza Jawad, Constantine Raptis, Aaron Mintz, Douglas Schuerer, Vincent Mellnick
OBJECTIVE: Many centers advocate use of triple-contrast (IV, oral, and rectal) CT for assessing hemodynamically stable patients with penetrating abdominopelvic trauma. Enteric contrast material has several disadvantages, leading our practice to pursue use of single-contrast (IV) CT. We conducted a retrospective review of electronic medical records at our institution to assess the accuracy of single-contrast CT for diagnosing bowel injuries in cases of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma...
February 7, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393052/unilateral-muscle-artifacts-due-to-non-compliance-during-uptake-phase-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-an-oncologic-patient
#3
William Makis, Emmanuel W Hudson
A 49-year-old male patient with a prior history of poor compliance with medical appointments was referred for an 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the staging of a rectal squamous cell carcinoma. The PET/CT showed unilateral diffuse skeletal muscle 18F-FDG uptake as well as bilateral salivary gland uptake artifacts, suggestive of non-compliance with patient preparation instructions. The PET/CT nurse noted that during the 18F-FDG uptake phase, the patient appeared intoxicated, and she found two beer cans hidden in the waste disposal beside his chair just prior to imaging...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387205/mir-144-inhibits-growth-and-metastasis-of-cervical-cancer-cells-by-targeting-vegfa-and-vegfc
#4
Pingping Tao, Hao Wen, Binlie Yang, Ai Zhang, Xiaohua Wu, Qing Li
MicroRNAs (miRs) are aberrantly expressed in various cancer types and have critical roles in their genesis and progression. miR-144 has been identified to be involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma and rectal cancer. However, the roles of miR-144 in cervical cancer and the underlying molecular mechanisms have remained elusive. The present study identified that miR-144 was significantly decreased in cervical cancer tissues compared with that in matched normal cervical tissues as well as in metastatic vs...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380279/whither-human-ivf-fertilisable-oocytes-selected-on-the-basis-of-follicular-temperature
#5
EDITORIAL
Ronald H F Hunter, Fernando López-Gatius
Bearing in mind specific parallels between cow and human ovarian physiology, as noted in the manuscript, we have measured whether the temperature in a pre-ovulatory follicle is cooler than that in adjacent tissues. Using a novel approach not requiring anaesthetics or surgical procedures, we found that follicular fluid bathing cow oocytes shortly before ovulation is cooler than the neighbouring uterine surface and cooler than deep rectal temperature (the reference body temperature in cattle). By contrast, Graafian follicles of comparable size and ultrasonic image that do not subsequently ovulate do not have a reduced antral temperature...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374828/the-middle-rectal-artery-arising-from-the-lateral-sacral-artery
#6
Satoru Honma, Takahiro Sonomura
A middle rectal artery arising from the lateral sacral artery (MRAls) in the right pelvis of a 99-year-old male was observed. Although variations of the origin of the middle rectal artery have been reported on many occasions, there are few descriptions of the trajectory in the literature. In our case, the MRAls branched from the lateral sacral artery on the sacral surface close to the third sacral sympathetic ganglion and immediately penetrated the third sacral splanchnic nerve and the parasympathetic pelvic splanchnic nerve from the ventral ramus of the forth sacral nerve...
January 27, 2018: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372345/correction-to-recurrence-with-pagetoid-spread-arising-17%C3%A2-years-after-surgery-for-intramucosal-rectal-cancer-a-case-report
#7
Taichi Matsubara, Yuta Kasagi, Kippei Ogaki, Yu Nakaji, Ryota Nakanishi, Yuichiro Nakashima, Masahiko Sugiyama, Hideto Sonoda, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
After publication of the original article [1] the authors noted that the following errors had occurred.
January 25, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362653/reduced-port-robotic-total-mesorectal-resection-for-rectal-cancer-using-a-single-port-access-a-technical-note
#8
Sung Uk Bae, Woon Kyung Jeong, Seong Kyu Baek
Introduction: Single-port laparoscopic surgery has some advantages, including improved cosmetic outcomes and minimized parietal trauma. However, pure single-port laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery is challenging because of the difficulties in creating triangulation and applying the laparoscopic staplers with sufficient distal margins in the narrow pelvic cavity. Recently, a reduced-port robotic operation with a robotic single-port access plus one wristed robotic arm for colon cancer was introduced to overcome the limitations of single-port laparoscopic rectal surgery...
December 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358865/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-induces-remission-of-infantile-allergic-colitis-through-gut-microbiota-re-establishment
#9
Sheng-Xuan Liu, Yin-Hu Li, Wen-Kui Dai, Xue-Song Li, Chuang-Zhao Qiu, Meng-Ling Ruan, Biao Zou, Chen Dong, Yan-Hong Liu, Jia-Yi He, Zhi-Hua Huang, Sai-Nan Shu
AIM: To investigate the impact of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) treatment on allergic colitis (AC) and gut microbiota (GM). METHODS: We selected a total of 19 AC infants, who suffered from severe diarrhea/hematochezia, did not relieve completely after routine therapy or cannot adhere to the therapy, and were free from organ congenital malformations and other contraindications for FMT. Qualified donor-derived stools were collected and injected to the AC infants via a rectal tube...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336759/robotic-rectopexy-for-rectal-prolapse-in-pediatric-patients
#10
David J Hiller, Jaime L Bohl, Kristen A Zeller
Rectal prolapse is the protrusion of the rectum out of the anus. Surgical correction can be accomplished via open and minimally invasive abdominal approaches, as well as from the perineum. Robotic rectopexy is an option for minimally invasive treatment of rectal prolapse. There are no studies that have established the efficacy of robotic rectopexy for rectal prolapse in the pediatric population. The aim of this study was to review the experience of robotic rectopexy at a single institution. This is a retrospective review of our pediatric robotic rectopexy experience from 2012 to 2015...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306497/short-and-long-term-risks-of-cardiovascular-disease-following-radiotherapy-in-rectal-cancer-in-four-randomized-controlled-trials-and-a-population-based-register
#11
Lingjing Chen, Sandra Eloranta, Anna Martling, Ingrid Glimelius, Martin Neovius, Bengt Glimelius, Karin E Smedby
AIM: A population-based cohort and four randomized trials enriched with long-term register data were used to clarify if radiotherapy in combination with rectal cancer surgery is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We identified 14,901 rectal cancer patients diagnosed 1995-2009 in Swedish nationwide registers, of whom 9227 were treated with preoperative radiotherapy. Also, we investigated 2675 patients with rectal cancer previously randomized to preoperative radiotherapy or not followed by surgery in trials conducted 1980-1999...
January 3, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297803/sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-livingstone-s-fruit-bats-pteropus-livingstonii
#12
Alberto Rodriguez Barbon, Gale Glendewar, Aimee L Drane, Robert Shave, Andrew Routh
Fourteen captive Livingstone's fruit bats ( Pteropus livingstonii) were anesthetized for routine veterinary health checks, including echocardiography, using sevoflurane. In addition, three specimens suffering from cardiac disease and a pregnant specimen were anesthetized for clinical assessment. No anesthetic complications were observed in any of the specimens. Significant differences in the core body temperature were found between the esophageal and rectal measurements. A significant decrease in blood glucose was noted through the anesthesia, suspected to be related to an extended fasting period prior to the procedure...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274977/technical-note-changes-in-rumen-mucosa-thickness-measured-by-transabdominal-ultrasound-as-a-noninvasive-method-to-diagnose-subacute-rumen-acidosis-in-dairy-cows
#13
V Neubauer, E Humer, I Kröger, A Meißl, N Reisinger, Q Zebeli
Feeding high-grain diets leads to the release and accumulation of short-chain fatty acids in the rumen. The subsequent prolonged decline in ruminal pH can lead to subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA). Accumulation of short-chain fatty acids can cause proliferation of rumen papillae to increase absorption surface, subsequently leading to a thickening of the rumen mucosa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of continuous measurements of the rumen mucosa thickness (RMT) as a diagnostic tool for SARA in dairy cows compared with continuous measurements of ruminal pH...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250315/hepatic-portal-venous-gas-acute-deterioration-in-an-elderly-patient
#14
Brett Sydney Bernstein, Rory George Callan, Darryl Ethan Bernstein, Tom Pampiglione
A 91-year-old female presented to the Emergency Department with a 10-day history of constipation and abdominal pain. Abdominal examination was normal and rectal examination showed faecal loading. A phosphate enema was given and the patient was admitted. Overnight, the patient's GCS dropped from 15/15 to 3/15 and an arterial blood gas showed a lactate of 8 mmol/L (1.5 on admission). Abdomen remained soft throughout. A CT scan showed a large amount of free air and free fluid within the abdomen and pelvis, highly suspicious for perforation...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242035/outcomes-of-liver-first-strategy-and-classical-strategy-for-synchronous-colorectal-liver-metastases-in-sweden
#15
Valentinus T Valdimarsson, Ingvar Syk, Gert Lindell, Agneta Norén, Bengt Isaksson, Per Sandström, Magnus Rizell, Bjarne Ardnor, Christian Sturesson
BACKGROUND: Patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (sCRLM) are increasingly operated with liver resection before resection of the primary cancer. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes in patients following the liver-first strategy and the classical strategy (resection of the bowel first) using prospectively registered data from two nationwide registries. METHODS: Clinical, pathological and survival outcomes were compared between the liver-first strategy and the classical strategy (2008-2015)...
December 11, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230299/predictors-of-acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-minority-population
#16
Kanthi Rekha Badipatla, Preeti Jadhav, Sushma Vaddigiri, Bharat Bajantri, Amandeep Singh, Chaitanya Chandrala, Vijay S Are, Suresh Kumar Nayudu
Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common acute complication of diabetes mellitus requiring aggressive medical management. We attempted to study the incidence and various clinical and laboratory variables associated with acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) and acute upper AGIB (AUGIB) in patients with DKA. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all the patients admitted to our hospital with DKA between January 2010 and December 2015. We collected demographic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopy and hospitalization details using an electronic medical-record database...
November 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214516/advances-in-stereotactic-navigation-for-pelvic-surgery
#17
A R Wijsmuller, L G C Romagnolo, V Agnus, C Giraudeau, A G F Melani, B Dallemagne, J Marescaux
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic navigation could improve the quality of surgery for rectal cancer. Critical challenges related to soft tissue stereotactic pelvic navigation include the potential difference in patient anatomy between intraoperative lithotomy and preoperative supine position for imaging. The objective of this study was to determine the difference in patient anatomy, sacral tilt, and skin fiducial position between these different patient positions and to investigate the feasibility and optimal set-up for stereotactic pelvic navigation...
December 6, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205687/ultrasound-guided-pudendal-nerve-block-in-children-a-new-technique-of-ultrasound-guided-transperineal-approach
#18
Isabelle Gaudet-Ferrand, Pablo De La Arena, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Laurent Hertz, Nicolas Kalfa, Chrystelle Sola, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Transperineal pudendal nerve block guided by nerve stimulator is used in pediatric anesthesia as an alternative to caudal analgesia in perineal surgery. The risk of rectal puncture or intravascular injection is inherent to this blinded technique. We described a new technique of transperineal pudendal nerve block, with ultrasound guidance, to improve safety of the technique. AIMS: The first goal of this study was to describe this new technique and to test its feasibility...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205308/rectal-cancer-survival-in-the-united-states-by-race-and-stage-2001-to-2009-findings-from-the-concord-2-study
#19
Djenaba A Joseph, Chris J Johnson, Arica White, Manxia Wu, Michel P Coleman
BACKGROUND: In the first CONCORD study, 5-year survival for patients with diagnosed with rectal cancer between 1990 and 1994 was <60%, with large racial disparities noted in the majority of participating states. We have updated these findings to 2009 by examining population-based survival by stage of disease at the time of diagnosis, race, and calendar period. METHODS: Data from the CONCORD-2 study were used to compare survival among individuals aged 15 to 99 years who were diagnosed in 37 states encompassing up to 80% of the US population...
December 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167909/outcomes-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-followed-by-total-mesorectal-excision-surgery-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-single-institution-experience
#20
Michelle Shu Fen Tseng, Huili Zheng, Ivy Wei Shan Ng, Yiat Horng Leong, Cheng Nang Leong, Wei Peng Yong, Wai Kit Cheong, Jeremy Chee Seong Tey
INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer has been shown to improve local control and reduce toxicity, as compared to adjuvant CRT. We report the outcomes of our patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated at National University Hospital, Singapore. METHODS: From April 2002 to December 2014, 117 patients with T3/4, N0/+, M0 rectal cancer received neoadjuvant CRT followed by TME surgery...
November 13, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
38135
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"