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Ipad and smartphones

Evan Austin, Amy Huang, Tony Adar, Erica Wang, Jared Jagdeo
OBJECTIVES: Our skin is constantly exposed to light from solar radiation and electronic devices, which impact skin physiology and aging. The biological altering properties of ultraviolet (UV) solar radiation on skin have been well established. There is significant scientific and public interest on the effects of electronic device generated light (EDGL) on skin. Currently, the effects of EDGL on skin are largely unknown. EDGL includes UV, visible, and infrared light from consumer electronics such as smartphones, computers, and televisions...
February 5, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Tameka McFadyen, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Jenny Tindall, Sze Lin Yoong, Christophe Lecathelinais, Karen Gillham, Shauna Sherker, Bosco Rowland, Nicola McLaren, Melanie Kingsland
BACKGROUND: The implementation of comprehensive alcohol management strategies can reduce excessive alcohol use and reduce the risk of alcohol-related harm at sporting venues. Supporting sports venues to implement alcohol management strategies via the Web may represent an effective and efficient means of reducing harm caused by alcohol in this setting. However, the feasibility and acceptability of such an approach is unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify (1) the current access to and use of the Web and electronic devices by sports clubs; (2) the perceived usefulness, ease of use, and intention to use a Web-based program to support implementation of alcohol management policies in sports clubs; (3) the factors associated with intention to use such a Web-based support program; and (4) the specific features of such a program that sports clubs would find useful...
June 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer
Powerful non-invasive imaging technologies like computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used daily by medical professionals to diagnose and treat patients. While 2D slice viewers have long been the standard, many tools allowing 3D representations of digital medical data are now available. The newest imaging advancement, functional MRI (fMRI) technology, has changed medical imaging from viewing static to dynamic physiology (4D) over time, particularly to study brain activity...
December 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Erin M Shellington, Tina Felfeli, Ryosuke Shigematsu, Dawn P Gill, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based interventions have shown promise in slowing cognitive decline, however there is limited evidence for scalability. Our previous research has linked a novel visuospatial memory exercise intervention, incorporating patterned walking or square-stepping exercise (SSE) with significant improvements in executive function and memory among older adults with normal cognition as well as those with subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
2017: MHealth
Yara Moussa, Artin A Mahdanian, Ching Yu, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Ipsit V Vahia, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVE: In an era of rising geriatric mental health care needs worldwide, technological advances can help address care needs in a cost-effective fashion. Our objective in this review was to assess whether mobile health technology, such as tablets and smartphones, are feasible to use in patients with late-life mental and cognitive disorders, as well as whether they were generally reliable modes of mental health/cognitive assessment. METHODS: We performed a focused literature review of MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and Embase databases, including papers specifically assessing the implementation of mobile health technologies: electronic tablets (e...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
A G Venkatesh, Thomas van Oordt, E Marion Schneider, Roland Zengerle, Felix von Stetten, John H T Luong, Sandeep Kumar Vashist
A smartphone-based colorimetric reader (SBCR), comprising a Samsung Galaxy SIII mini, a gadget (iPAD mini, iPAD4, or iPhone 5s) and a custom-made dark hood and base holder assembly, is used for human C-reactive protein (CRP) immunoassay. A 96-well microtiter plate (MTP) is positioned on the gadget's screensaver to provide white light-based bottom illumination only in the specific regions corresponding to the well's bottom. The images captured by the smartphone's back camera are analyzed by a novel image processing algorithm...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Katherine E Brown, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Behavioural support for smoking cessation in pregnancy can be effective; however, many pregnant women face barriers to seeking support to stop smoking. Some digital interventions have been found to be effective for smoking cessation in the general population and may be effective for supporting cessation in pregnancy due to their flexibility and the potential for personalisation. To date, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Sheena Samra, Andrew Wu, Miriam Redleaf
INTRODUCTION: Otology relies on clinical examination to teach anatomy of the ear. The purpose of this report is to introduce the Buckingham Virtual Tympanum iPhone app as an adjuvant educational tool to teach the anatomical details of the tympanic membrane (TM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This app, available free at the Apple Store, was constructed using archival photographs of normal and abnormal TMs, stratified by difficulty. Each image has 4 labeled structures, linked to questions to encourage active learning...
December 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Gisele Oliveira, Gaetano Fava, Melody Baglione, Michael Pimpinella
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the iRig and iOS device recording system is comparable with a standard computer recording system for digital voice recording. METHODS: Thirty-seven vocally healthy adults, between ages 20 and 62, with a mean age of 33.9 years, 13 males and 24 females, were recruited. Recordings were simultaneously digitalized in an iPad and iPhone using a unidirectional condenser microphone for smartphones/tablets (iRig Mic, IK Multimedia) and in a computer laptop (Dell-Inspiron) using a unidirectional condenser microphone (Samson-CL5) connected to a preamplifier with phantom power...
March 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Kenji Kurosaka, Shigeo Fukunishi, Tomokazu Fukui, Shoji Nishio, Yuki Fujihara, Shohei Okahisa, Yu Takeda, Takashi Daimon, Shinichi Yoshiya
Implant positioning is one of the critical factors that influences postoperative outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Malpositioning of the implant may lead to an increased risk of postoperative complications such as prosthetic impingement, dislocation, restricted range of motion, polyethylene wear, and loosening. In 2012, the intraoperative use of smartphone technology in THA for improved accuracy of acetabular cup placement was reported. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of an iPhone/iPad-guided technique in positioning the acetabular cup in THA compared with the reference values obtained from the image-free navigation system in a cadaveric experiment...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Meltem Dinleyici, Kursat Bora Carman, Emel Ozturk, Figen Sahin-Dagli
BACKGROUND: New (mobile phones, smartphones, tablets, and social media) and traditional media (television) have come to dominate the lives of many children and adolescents. Despite all of this media time and new technology, many parents seem to have few rules regarding the use of media by their children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate media access/use of children and to evaluate beliefs and attitudes of parents concerning the use of old and new media in Turkey...
June 7, 2016: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
S M Govender, M Mars
Approximately 32 million children globally present with disabling hearing loss. Despite evidence describing the negative consequences of hearing loss, there is still a lack of hearing screening programmes in South Africa. Audiologists have been exploring the use of information and communication technologies (tele-audiology) to provide services to children and it is currently being evaluated to determine its feasibility. AIMS: We aim to describe tele-audiology services conducted to facilitate audiological management for children in both the rural and urban context and to determine the strengths, challenges and clinical implications of such services...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Toshiyuki Takeshige, Chiho Hirano, Midori Nakagawa, Rentaro Yoshioka
The use of video calls for home care can reduce anxiety and offer patients peace of mind. The most suitable terminals at facilities to support home care have been iPad Air and iPhone with FaceTime software. However, usage has been limited to specific terminals. In order to eliminate the need for special terminals and software, we have developed a program that has been customized to meet the needs of facilities using Web Real Time Communication(WebRTC)in cooperation with the University of Aizu. With this software, video calls can accommodate the large number of home care patients...
December 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
JoAnn D Long, Paula Gannaway, Cindy Ford, Rita Doumit, Nadine Zeeni, Ola Sukkarieh-Haraty, Aline Milane, Beverly Byers, LaNell Harrison, Daniel Hatch, Justin Brown, Sharlan Proper, Patricia White, Huaxin Song
BACKGROUND: As the world becomes increasingly digital, advances in technology have changed how students access evidence-based information. Research suggests that students overestimate their ability to locate quality online research and lack the skills needed to evaluate the scientific literature. Clinical nurses report relying on personal experience to answer clinical questions rather than searching evidence-based sources. To address the problem, a web-based, evidence-based research (EBR) tool that is usable from a computer, smartphone, or iPad was developed and tested...
February 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Kaiqi Su, Quchao Zou, Ning Hu, Ping Wang
Bionic electronic eye (Bionic e-Eye), a developed smartphone-based colorimetric reader system, consists of smartphone or pad (iPhone 4s or iPad 3) as detection instrument and portable accessory as illumination provider, integrating with a wide-angle lens, a piece of lowest-power electro luminescent and a custom-made dark hood. A 96-well microtiter plate (MTP) was positioned on the electro luminescent and Bionic e-Eye captures the detection images by the back camera of smartphone. Being similar to human visual system, the hue, saturation and value (HSV, also called hex cone model) color model was employed in image processing algorithm of Bionic e-Eye...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Katrin Singler, Tobias Roth, Sacha Beck, Michael Cunningham, Markus Gosch
INTRODUCTION: Research by AOTrauma's orthogeriatrics education taskforce identified ongoing educational needs for surgeons and trainees worldwide regarding the medical management of older adults with a fracture. To address practicing surgeons' preference for increased use of mobile learning, a point-of-care educational app was planned by a committee of experienced faculty. The goals were to deliver the app to surgeons, trainees, and other healthcare professionals, to measure usage, and to evaluate the impact on patient care...
January 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Hugo Lagercrantz
The connectome of the brain is constructed during foetal life by neurogenesis, arborisation of the neurons and synaptogenesis. The optimal neuronal connections are selected by endogenous spontaneous neuronal activity and sensory input from the external world, particularly after birth. The development of the social brain depends on interaction, particularly with the parents. Infants start to imitate adults from birth and soon learn to recognise faces. They also absorb phonemes like magnets, particularly if they are sitting on their mother's lap and she is speaking motherese...
April 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Dolores de Fez, Maria José Luque, Maria Carmen García-Domene, Vicente Camps, David Piñero
PURPOSE: Available applications for vision testing in mobile devices usually do not include detailed setup instructions, sacrificing rigor to obtain portability and ease of use. In particular, colorimetric characterization processes are generally obviated. We show that different mobile devices differ also in colorimetric profile and that those differences limit the range of applications for which they are most adequate. METHODS: The color reproduction characteristics of four mobile devices, two smartphones (Samsung Galaxy S4, iPhone 4s) and two tablets (Samsung Galaxy Tab 3, iPad 4), have been evaluated using two procedures: 3D LUT (Look Up Table) and a linear model assuming primary constancy and independence of the channels...
January 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Cheryl Forchuk, Lorie Donelle, Paige Ethridge, Laura Warner
BACKGROUND: The use of innovative technologies in mental health care has the potential to improve system efficiency, enhance quality of care, and increase patient engagement. The Mental Health Engagement Network (MHEN) project developed, delivered, and evaluated an interactive Web-based personal health record, the Lawson SMART Record (LSR), to assist mental health clients in managing their care and connecting with their care providers. This paper presents a secondary analysis of data collected in the MHEN project regarding clients' perceptions of technology and the use of these technologies in their care...
January 2015: JMIR Mental Health
Paul Gringras, Benita Middleton, Debra J Skene, Victoria L Revell
OBJECTIVE: In an effort to enhance the efficiency, brightness, and contrast of light-emitting (LE) devices during the day, displays often generate substantial short-wavelength (blue-enriched) light emissions that can adversely affect sleep. We set out to verify the extent of such short-wavelength emissions, produced by a tablet (iPad Air), e-reader (Kindle Paperwhite 1st generation), and smartphone (iPhone 5s) and to determine the impact of strategies designed to reduce these light emissions...
2015: Frontiers in Public Health
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