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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917380/effect-of-dynamic-temperature-stimulus-to-plantar-surface-of-the-foot-in-the-standing-position
#1
Ryo Watanabe, Hiroyuki Kajimoto
We have previously found that a vertical force or tactile sensation occurs when the temperature of a participant's skin changes rapidly. In this illusion, upward motion, pressure, or force sensation is elicited when stimulus temperature rises rapidly, whereas in the opposite case, downward motion or pulling sensation is elicited. In this paper, we applied this phenomenon to the sole (plantar surface of the foot) to present the sensation of ground slope. To investigate this, we conducted an experiment that measured the correlation between stimulation temperature and front-back direction position of the center of gravity...
2016: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906944/the-safety-of-ct-guided-epidural-steroid-injections-in-an-older-patient-cohort
#2
Andrew J Fenster, Kevin Fernandes, Alan L Brook, Todd Miller
BACKGROUND: Epidural steroid injections (ESIs) are a common method for treating lower back pain, which is one of the most prevalent health-related complaints in the adult US population. Although the safety of CT-guided ESIs has been extensively studied in adults, there is limited data concerning the procedure's safety profile in an older patient population. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study analyzed safety data among a single-center cohort of patients > 65 years-old who received one or more CT-guided interlaminar ESIs from 2012 to 2015...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891546/ct-image-quality-in-sinogram-affirmed-iterative-reconstruction-phantom-study-is-there-a-point-of-diminishing-returns
#3
Juan C Infante, Yu Liu, Cynthia K Rigsby
BACKGROUND: In our pediatric practice, we have observed qualitatively limited improvement in the image quality of images generated with sinogram affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) compared to series generated with filtered back projection (FBP), particularly in cases near or below a CT dose index volume (CTDIvol) of 1-mGy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the image quality advantage of SAFIRE remains constant across clinically used CT dose levels in an American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation phantom including the lower dose range used in pediatric imaging...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872888/newly-listed-firms-m-a-activities-data-and-their-vc-backing-data
#4
Ting Cao
This article contains hand collected and matched data on the VC investment situation in newly listed firms in SME and ChiNext board from 2009 to 2012 and the corresponding M&A activities data undertaken by these newly listed firms as acquirers in three years following initial public offering. Mentioned data are related to the research article "Heterogeneous Venture Capital, M&A Activity, and Market Response" (W. Li, T. Cao, Z. Feng, 2016) [1].
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833411/the-impact-of-iterative-reconstruction-in-low-dose-computed-tomography-on-the-evaluation-of-diffuse-interstitial-lung-disease
#5
Hyun-Ju Lim, Myung Jin Chung, Kyung Eun Shin, Hye Sun Hwang, Kyung Soo Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of iterative reconstruction (IR) on the assessment of diffuse interstitial lung disease (DILD) using CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An American College of Radiology (ACR) phantom (module 4 to assess spatial resolution) was scanned with 10-100 effective mAs at 120 kVp. The images were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), with blending ratios of 0%, 30%, 70% and 100%, and model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR), and their spatial resolution was objectively assessed by the line pair structure method...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829573/advancing-interprofessional-primary-health-care-services-in-rural-settings-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-disorders-protocol-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Brenna Bath, Stacey Lovo Grona, Stephan Milosavljevic, Nazmi Sari, Biaka Imeah, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back disorders (CLBDs) are a substantial burden on individuals and societies, and impact up to 20% of Canadians. Rural and remote residents are approximately 30% more likely to have CLBDs. Reduced access to appropriate team-based health services, including physical therapy, is a key factor that may magnify the impact of CLBD on pain, physical function, overall quality of life, health-related system costs, and individual costs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to evaluate the validity, comparative effectiveness, costs, barriers, and facilitators of an interprofessional management approach for people with CLBDs, delivered via telehealth...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798002/-omics-biomarkers-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-of-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#7
Massimo Allegri, Manuela De Gregori, Cristina E Minella, Catherine Klersy, Wei Wang, Moira Sim, Christian Gieger, Judith Manz, Iain K Pemberton, Jane MacDougall, Frances Mk Williams, Jan Van Zundert, Klaas Buyse, Gordan Lauc, Ivan Gudelj, Dragan Primorac, Andrea Skelin, Yurii S Aulchenko, Lennart C Karssen, Leonardo Kapural, Richard Rauck, Guido Fanelli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) produces considerable direct costs as well as indirect burdens for society, industry and health systems. CLBP is characterised by heterogeneity, inclusion of several pain syndromes, different underlying molecular pathologies and interaction with psychosocial factors that leads to a range of clinical manifestations. There is still much to understand in the underlying pathological processes and the non-psychosocial factors which account for differences in outcomes...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779723/betalningsviljan-f%C3%A3-r-nya-l%C3%A3-kemedel-bygger-p%C3%A3-etiska-principer-nt-r%C3%A3-det-tolkar-riksdagens-plattform-f%C3%A3-r-prioritering
#8
Jan Liliemark, Lars Lööf, Gustaf Befrits, Stefan Back, Lars Sandman
The County Council's board for new therapies (the NT Council) provides recommendations on the use of new drugs based on the ethical platform of priorities, founded by the Swedish parliament. The Council has formulated a policy that interprets the parliamentary ethical platform and operationalize its need and solidarity principle and cost effectiveness principle in four dimensions. The NT Council weighs the health economic evaluation of the drug and the four dimensions: the severity of the condition, the rarity of the condition, the effect size and the data reliability to determine the willingness to pay level and whether the platform allows a recommendation for using of the drug...
October 18, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776648/comparison-of-image-quality-and-visibility-of-normal-and-abnormal-findings-at-submillisievert-chest-ct-using-filtered-back-projection-iterative-model-reconstruction-imr-and-idose-4-%C3%A2
#9
Azien Laqmani, Maxim Avanesov, Sebastian Butscheidt, Maximilian Kurfürst, Susanne Sehner, Jakob Schmidt-Holtz, Thorsten Derlin, Cyrus Behzadi, Hans D Nagel, Gerhard Adam, Marc Regier
OBJECTIVE: To compare both image quality and visibility of normal and abnormal findings at submillisievert chest CT (smSv-CT) using filtered back projection (FBP) and the two different iterative reconstruction (IR) techniques iterative model reconstruction (IMR) and iDose(4)™. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional review board approved study was based on retrospective interpretation of clinically indicated acquired data. The requirement to obtain informed consent was waived...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768003/the-cost-and-distribution-of-firefighter-injuries-in-a-large-canadian-fire-department
#10
D M Frost, T A C Beach, I Crosby, S M McGill
BACKGROUND: There is limited data available regarding the cost of firefighter injuries. This information is necessary to develop targeted injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To categorize the cost of injuries filed in 2012 by firefighters from a from a large department by job duty, injury type, body part affected, and the general motion pattern employed at the time of injury. METHODS: Data were taken from reports filed by CFD personnel and claims filed with the Workers' Compensation Board (WCB) of Alberta between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756318/workers-characteristics-associated-with-the-type-of-healthcare-provider-first-seen-for-occupational-back-pain
#11
Marc-André Blanchette, Michèle Rivard, Clermont E Dionne, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Ivan Steenstra
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared the factors that drive patients' decision to choose a chiropractor, physician or physiotherapist as their first healthcare provider for occupational back pain. The purpose of this study is to identify characteristics associated with the choice of first healthcare provider seen for acute uncomplicated occupational back pain. METHODS: We analyzed data collected by the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board from a cohort of workers with compensated back pain in 2005 in Ontario (Canada)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755279/open-label-placebo-treatment-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Cláudia Carvalho, Joaquim Machado Caetano, Lidia Cunha, Paula Rebouta, Ted J Kaptchuk, Irving Kirsch
This randomized controlled trial was performed to investigate whether placebo effects in chronic low back pain could be harnessed ethically by adding open-label placebo (OLP) treatment to treatment as usual (TAU) for 3 weeks. Pain severity was assessed on three 0- to 10-point Numeric Rating Scales, scoring maximum pain, minimum pain, and usual pain, and a composite, primary outcome, total pain score. Our other primary outcome was back-related dysfunction, assessed on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire...
December 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709276/the-intervertebral-disc-the-endplates-and-the-vertebral-bone-marrow-as-a-unit-in-the-process-of-degeneration
#13
Nadja A Farshad-Amacker, Alexander Hughes, Richard J Herzog, Burkhardt Seifert, Mazda Farshad
OBJECTIVES: The association of disc degeneration (DD) and vertebral endplate degeneration (EPD) is still not well understood. This study aimed to find segmental predictive risk factors for DD and EPD and to illuminate associations of the disc, endplate and bone marrow changes in the process of degeneration. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, 450 lumbar levels, followed up with MRI for at least 4 years, were retrospectively graded for DD according to Pfirrmann (PFG), for EPD according to the endplate score (EPS) and according to the presence, extension and type of Modic changes (MC)...
October 5, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687796/practice-training-and-research-in-neuropsychology-in-mainland-china-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
Raymond C K Chan, Ya Wang, Yi Wang, Eric F C Cheung
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue. The objective was to review history, educational and training pathways, licensure and board certification, practice and compensation, and unique aspects of, or challenges faced by, neuropsychology in mainland China. METHOD: Historical, scientific, and clinical literatures were reviewed and integrated. RESULTS: The history of neuropsychology in mainland China is traced back to the late 1930s...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676672/outcome-of-percutaneous-lumbar-synovial-cyst-rupture-in-patients-with-lumbar-radiculopathy
#15
Yashar Eshraghi, Vimal Desai, Calvin Cajigal Cajigal, Kutaiba Tabbaa
BACKGROUND: Lumbar synovial cysts can result from spondylosis of facet joints. These cysts can encroach on adjacent nerve roots, causing symptoms of radiculopathy. Currently the only definitive treatment for these symptoms is surgery, which may involve laminectomy or laminotomy, with or without spinal fusion. Surgery has been reported to successfully relieve radicular pain in 83.5% of patients by Zhenbo et al. Little information is available concerning the efficacy and outcome of percutaneous fluoroscopic synovial cyst rupture for treatment of facet joint synovial cysts...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676664/pulsed-dose-radiofrequency-before-ablation-of-medial-branch-of-the-lumbar-dorsal-ramus-for-zygapophyseal-joint-pain-reduces-post-procedural-pain
#16
David Arsanious, Emmanuel Gage, Jonathon Koning, Mazin Sarhan, Gassan Chaiban, Mohammed Almualim, Joseph Atallah
BACKGROUND: One of the potential side effects with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) includes painful cutaneous dysesthesias and increased pain due to neuritis or neurogenic inflammation. This pain may require the prescription of opioids or non-opioid analgesics to control post-procedural pain and discomfort. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to compare post-procedural pain scores and post-procedural oral analgesic use in patients receiving continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation versus patients receiving pulsed dose radiofrequency immediately followed by continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation for zygopophaseal joint disease...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665091/a-randomized-trial-on-the-efficacy-of-topical-anesthesia-for-pain-reduction-during-frame-placement-for-gamma-knife-radiosurgery
#17
Sean Michael Duenas, Jonathan Pun, Hesham A Radwan, Meredith Akerman, Michael Schulder
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Frame application for gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) may be perceived as painful by patients. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of EMLA (2.5% lidocaine/2.5% prilocaine) in pain reduction. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, and controlled trial approved by our institutional review board. Fifty-four patients undergoing outpatient GKR were divided into EMLA and placebo groups. Prior to frame placement, EMLA/placebo was applied to the patient's forehead...
September 24, 2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638518/association-between-the-type-of-first-healthcare-provider-and-the-duration-of-financial-compensation-for-occupational-back-pain
#18
Marc-André Blanchette, Michèle Rivard, Clermont E Dionne, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Ivan Steenstra
Objective To compare the duration of financial compensation and the occurrence of a second episode of compensation of workers with occupational back pain who first sought three types of healthcare providers. Methods We analyzed data from a cohort of 5511 workers who received compensation from the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board for back pain in 2005. Multivariable Cox models controlling for relevant covariables were performed to compare the duration of financial compensation for the patients of each of the three types of first healthcare providers...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638517/which-characteristics-are-associated-with-the-timing-of-the-first-healthcare-consultation-and-does-the-time-to-care-influence-the-duration-of-compensation-for-occupational-back-pain
#19
Marc-André Blanchette, Michèle Rivard, Clermont E Dionne, Ivan Steenstra, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson
Purpose To identify the characteristics associated with the timing of the first healthcare consultation and to measure the impact of that timing on the duration of the first episode of compensation for occupational back pain following the injury. Methods We analyzed data from a cohort of workers with compensated back pain in 2005 in Ontario obtained from the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board. Cox multivariable survival models were performed to identify factors associated with the time to care and to measure its association with the length of the first episode of 100 % compensation...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613081/exploring-peer-mentoring-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study
#20
Kay Cooper, Patricia Schofield, Susan Klein, Blair H Smith, Llinos M Jehu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of patients, physiotherapists, and potential peer mentors on the topic of peer-mentoring for self-management of chronic low back pain following discharge from physiotherapy. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitative study. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients, 11 potential peer mentors and 13 physiotherapists recruited from physiotherapy departments and community locations in one health board area of the UK. INTERVENTIONS: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
May 26, 2016: Physiotherapy
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