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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785149/the-pregnant-female-surgical-resident
#1
Vanessa Shifflette, Susannah Hambright, Joseph Darryl Amos, Ernest Dunn, Maria Allo
Background: Surgery continues to be an intense, time-consuming residency. Many medical students decide against surgery as a profession due to the long work hours and family strain. The pregnant female surgical resident has an added stress factor compared to her male counterpart. Methods: We distributed an electronic, online 26-question survey to 32 general surgery programs in the southwestern region of the United States. Each program distributed our survey to the female surgical residents who had been pregnant during residency in the last 5 years...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784007/reporting-to-parents-on-children-s-exposures-to-asthma-triggers-in-low-income-and-public-housing-an-interview-based-case-study-of-ethics-environmental-literacy-individual-action-and-public-health-benefits
#2
Laura J Perovich, Jennifer Liss Ohayon, Elicia Mayuri Cousins, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Phil Brown, Gary Adamkiewicz, Julia Green Brody
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence about the effects of endocrine disruptors on asthma symptoms suggests new opportunities to reduce asthma by changing personal environments. Right-to-know ethics supports returning personal results for these chemicals to participants, so they can make decisions to reduce exposures. Yet researchers and institutional review boards have been reluctant to approve results reports in low-income communities, which are disproportionately affected by asthma. Concerns include limited literacy, lack of resources to reduce exposures, co-occurring stressors, and lack of models for effective reporting...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781908/musculoskeletal-injury-in-paddle-sport-athletes
#3
Andrew R Griffin, Diana M Perriman, Teresa M Neeman, Paul N Smith
INTRODUCTION: Kayak racing has been an Olympic sport since 1936. The sport is evolving with the introduction of ocean skis and stand-up-paddle boards (SUP). Musculoskeletal injury incidence surveys have been conducted for ultra-marathon events, but no data have been published for other racing formats. OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare the rates and types of injuries sustained by paddling athletes as a function of discipline and training parameters in Sprint, Marathon, Ultra-Marathon, and Ocean events...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760031/creating-a-centralized-infrastructure-to-facilitate-medical-education-research
#4
Dean A Seehusen, Arch G Mainous, Alexander W Chessman
PURPOSE: Building research capacity and increasing scholarly productivity are identified needs of the specialty of family medicine. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has increased the scholarly requirements for residency programs, placing even more pressure on faculty to be productive in the scholarly realm. The Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) was created by volunteer members of the specialty with shared interests in overcoming barriers and increasing scholarly production...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757715/accuracy-of-a-mobile-app-to-identify-suspect-asbestos-containing-material-in-australian-residential-settings
#5
Matthew H Govorko, Lin Fritschi, Alison Reid
In situ asbestos in the built environment is a remaining source of exposure in countries that have prohibited the manufacture and use of asbestos. However, it is difficult to identify in situ asbestos-containing material in residential settings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the mobile phone application ("app"), ACM Check, in identifying in situ asbestos located inside and outside of homes compared with onsite inspections conducted by an experienced environmental consultant...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699039/-correlation-between-both-neck-shoulder-and-low-back-pain-and-daily-behavioral-habits-among-middle-school-students-in-shenzhen
#6
L Zhou, Y Y Huang, D Y Chen, D Zhang, Q S Luo, Y Wang, Y Wu
Objective: To study the relations between neck/shoulder or low back pain and their daily behavioral habits among middle school students in Shenzhen. Methods: We randomly chose 3 952 students from 10 high schools in Shenzhen to complete the questionnaires. Data was gathered and analyzed, using the IBM SPSS 23.0. Results: Of the 3 952 participants, 20.3% had neck/shoulder pain and 15.2% had low back pain. Among students experienced neck/shoulder pain, female (25.3%), high school (24.5%) and boarding students (24...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627815/protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-of-hospital-readmissions-sensemaking-in-veterans-health-administration-healthcare-system-in-the-usa
#7
Lauren S Penney, Luci K Leykum, Polly Noël, Erin P Finley, Holly Jordan Lanham, Jacqueline Pugh
INTRODUCTION: Effective delivery of healthcare in complex systems requires managing interdependencies between professions and organisational units. Reducing 30-day hospital readmissions may be one of the most complex tasks that a healthcare system can undertake. We propose that these less than optimal outcomes are related to difficulties managing the complex interdependencies among organisational units and to a lack of effective sensemaking among individuals and organisational units regarding how best to coordinate patient needs...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622142/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-back-to-the-drawing-board
#8
EDITORIAL
Ehtisham Mahmud, Ryan R Reeves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574835/a-history-of-forensic-anthropology
#9
EDITORIAL
Douglas H Ubelaker
Forensic anthropology represents a dynamic and rapidly evolving complex discipline within anthropology and forensic science. Academic roots extend back to early European anatomists but development coalesced in the Americas through high-profile court testimony, assemblage of documented collections and focused research. Formation of the anthropology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1972, the American Board of Forensic Anthropology in 1977/1978 and other organizational advances provided important stimuli for progress...
April 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557297/-why-even-bother-they-are-not-going-to-do-it-the-structural-roots-of-racism-and-discrimination-in-lactation-care
#10
Erin V Thomas
Through semi-structured interviews with 36 International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) who assist mothers with breastfeeding, this study takes a systematic look at breastfeeding disparities. Specifically, this study documents race-based discrimination against patients in the course of lactation care and links the implicit bias literature to breastfeeding disparities. IBCLCs report instances of race-based discrimination against patients such as unequal care provided to patients of color and overt racist remarks said in front of or behind patient's backs...
June 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547946/prevalence-of-pain-diagnoses-and-burden-of-pain-among-active-duty-soldiers-fy2012
#11
Sharon Reif, Rachel Sayko Adams, Grant A Ritter, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
Introduction: Soldiers are at risk for acute and chronic pain due to the mental and physical challenges of military duties and ongoing training for force readiness. With the burden of pain on any individual attributable across pain sources, a broad perspective that goes beyond prior characterizations of pain is important. We aim to further the understanding of pain's effects among non-deployed active duty soldiers and the Military Health System (MHS), by describing prevalence of 10 painful conditions, reported pain levels, duration of pain and impact of pain on military duty limitations...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520633/a-low-cost-touchscreen-operant-chamber-using-a-raspberry-pi%C3%A2
#12
James D O'Leary, Olivia F O'Leary, John F Cryan, Yvonne M Nolan
The development of a touchscreen platform for rodent testing has allowed new methods for cognitive testing that have been back-translated from clinical assessment tools to preclinical animal models. This platform for cognitive assessment in animals is comparable to human neuropsychological tests such as those employed by the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery, and thus has several advantages compared to the standard maze apparatuses typically employed in rodent behavioral testing, such as the Morris water maze...
March 8, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503682/minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-an-attractive-option-for-select-failed-backs
#13
Arvind G Kulkarni, Shashidhar Bangalore Kantharajanna, Abhilash N Dhruv
Study Design: Retrospective case series. Purpose: To compare minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) outcomes in primary and revision surgeries. Overview of Literature: Revision spinal fusion is often associated with an increased risk of approach-related complications. Patients can potentially benefit from the decreased approach-related morbidity associated with MI-TLIF. Methods: Sixty consecutive MI-TLIF patients (20 failed back [Fa group], 40 primary [Pr group]) who underwent surgery between January 2011 and May 2012 were reviewed after Institutional Review Board approval to compare operative times, blood loss, complications, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores for back and leg pain before surgery and at the last follow-up...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441817/return-to-surfing-using-an-adapted-prosthesis-a-case-report
#15
Erica Schvirtz, Laurent Bensoussan, Bertrand Tourret Couderc, Jean-Michel Viton, Alain Delarque, Marjorie Kerzoncuf
BACKGROUND: Surfing with transfemoral knee prosthesis requires flexion of the hip, knee, and ankle and balance between flexibility and stiffness of the prosthetic limb. We report on Mr D, a transfemoral amputee, who wanted to surf again. Case Description and Methods: Technical specifications were based on Mr D's complaint. The prosthesis is salt water resistant and combines a shock absorber associated with elastic tendons to permit the knee to bend easily and to facilitate eccentric braking...
February 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388523/antidepressants-in-paediatric-depression-do-not-look-back-in-anger-but-around-in-awareness
#16
David A Brent, Robert D Gibbons, Paul Wilkinson, Bernadka Dubicka
In this paper, we summarise and critique a network meta-analysis (NMA) of antidepressant efficacy and tolerability for paediatric depression and an accompanying editorial. Although we agree that many of the extant studies are flawed, this meta-analysis showed clear efficacy of fluoxetine in the NMA, and for sertraline and escitalopram in pairwise analyses. Consequently, these papers underestimate the benefits of antidepressants for paediatric depression, and provide support for current practice guideline, which recommends the use of an antidepressant if the patient does not respond to psychotherapy...
February 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387444/comparison-of-standing-postural-control-and-gait-parameters-in-people-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#17
Catharine Siân MacRae, Duncan Critchley, Jeremy S Lewis, Adam Shortland
Objective: Differences in postural control and gait have been identified between people with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, many previous studies present data from small samples, or have used methodologies with questionable reliability. This study, employing robust methodology, hypothesised that there would be a difference in postural control, and spatiotemporal parameters of gait in people with CLBP compared with asymptomatic individuals. Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study age-matched and gender-matched 16 CLBP and 16 asymptomatic participants...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374662/evaluating-sickness-absence-duration-by-musculoskeletal-and-mental-health-issues-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-scottish-healthcare-workers
#18
Evangelia Demou, Shanley Smith, Abita Bhaskar, Daniel F Mackay, Judith Brown, Kate Hunt, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Ewan B Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: Sickness absence (SA) among healthcare workers is associated with occupational and non-occupational risk factors and impacts employee health, healthcare delivery and patient health. At the same time, healthcare is one of the employment sectors with the highest rates of work-related ill health in the UK. Musculoskeletal (MSK) and mental health (MH) issues are leading causes of SA, but there is a lack of research on how certain MSK/MH conditions impact on SA duration. The study aim is to determine differences in SA duration by MH and MSK disorders in healthcare employees...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365188/overuse-injuries-in-the-idf-s-combat-training-units-rates-types-and-mechanisms-of-injury
#19
Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz, Tarif Bader
Introduction: Overuse injuries are responsible for most lost training days and attrition from combat training in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) as in armies around the world. The purpose of this study is to understand the rates, types, and mechanism of occurrence of overuse injuries in the IDF in order to provide the IDF's commanders a detailed updated situation report in order to enable commanders decision-making, prevention policy, and further research of this highly significant military public health issue...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352644/metastatic-brain-disease-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-getting-back-to-the-drawing-board
#20
EDITORIAL
A Greystoke, P Mulvenna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
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