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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448941/traditional-healing-practices-in-rural-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#1
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448872/emotional-well-being-and-public-health-proposal-for-a-model-national-initiative
#2
Sophie C Feller, Enrico G Castillo, Jared M Greenberg, Pilar Abascal, Richard Van Horn, Kenneth B Wells
In 2011, the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council named mental and emotional well-being as 1 of 7 priority areas for the National Prevention Strategy. In this article, we discuss emotional well-being as a scientific concept and its relevance to public health. We review evidence that supports the association between emotional well-being and health. We propose a national emotional well-being initiative and describe its 6 components: systematic measurement of emotional well-being, identification of the drivers of emotional well-being, formation of partnerships with diverse stakeholders, implementation and dissemination of evidence-based interventions to promote emotional well-being and its drivers, development of public health messaging, and identification of and strategies to address disparities in emotional well-being and its drivers...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446252/what-is-the-effect-of-exercise-on-wound-healing-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#3
Daisy Smith, Rebecca Lane, Rosemary McGinnes, Jane O'Brien, Renea Johnston, Lyndal Bugeja, Victoria Team, Carolina Weller
Standard best practice for the treatment of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) is compression bandaging of the lower leg to reduce hydrostatic pressure. There is considerable variation in reported healing rates when using this gold-standard approach; therefore, a systematic and robust evaluation of other interventions is required. Exercise interventions, in addition to standard compression therapy, could improve wound-healing time and prevent their recurrence. We have conducted a systematic review to examine the effects of exercise on wound characteristics, including time to heal, size and recurrence, pain, quality of life, adverse events, and economic outcomes...
February 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444191/restoration-of-services-in-disrupted-infrastructure-systems-a-network-science-approach
#4
Aybike Ulusan, Ozlem Ergun
Due to the ubiquitous nature of disruptive extreme events, functionality of the critical infrastructure systems (CIS) is constantly at risk. In case of a disruption, in order to minimize the negative impact to the society, service networks operating on the CIS should be restored as quickly as possible. In this paper, we introduce a novel network science inspired measure to quantify the criticality of components within a disrupted service network and develop a restoration heuristic (Cent-Restore) that prioritizes restoration efforts based on this measure...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438072/using-a-network-organisational-architecture-to-support-the-development-of-learning-healthcare-systems
#5
Maria T Britto, Sandra C Fuller, Heather C Kaplan, Uma Kotagal, Carole Lannon, Peter A Margolis, Stephen E Muething, Pamela J Schoettker, Michael Seid
The US National Academy of Sciences has called for the development of a Learning Healthcare System in which patients and clinicians work together to choose care, based on best evidence, and to drive discovery as a natural outgrowth of every clinical encounter to ensure innovation, quality and value at the point of care. However, the vision of a Learning Healthcare System has remained largely aspirational. Over the last 13 years, researchers, clinicians and families, with support from our paediatric medical centre, have designed, developed and implemented a network organisational model to achieve the Learning Healthcare System vision...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431816/environmental-science-processes-impacts-in-2018
#6
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
2017 was another successful year for Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (ESPI); it saw the expansion of our Editorial team and publication of two excellent Themed Issues, all while maintaining our commitment to provide our authors with exceptional customer service and fast times to publication. Through this Editorial, we wish to reflect upon some of the highlights from 2017 and also take this opportunity to reveal further new additions to the ESPI team and our plans for 2018.
February 12, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430304/all-nurses-need-to-be-research-nurses
#7
Patricia Eckardt, Marilyn J Hammer, Margaret Barton-Burke, Margaret McCabe, Christine T Kovner, Liza Behrens, Heather Reens, Barry S Coller
Introduction: Nurses are critical to the research enterprise. However all nurses are not prepared to participate as members of the research team since education and training in clinical research nursing and nurse-specific Good Clinical Practice are not consistently included in nursing curricula. The lack of nurse education and training in clinical research and Good Clinical Practice leaves research participants vulnerable with a nursing workforce that is not prepared to balance fidelity to protocol and patient quality care and safety...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428928/new-concepts-of-chronic-pain-and-the-potential-role-of-complementary-therapies
#8
Ken Wojcikowski, Vanessa J Vigar, Christopher J Oliver
Context • The mechanisms of chronic pain involve complex neuroplastic changes at all 3 orders of neurons involved in the transmission of pain as well as changes in the descending inhibitory pathway. Although traditional pharmaceutical therapies have some efficacy, substantial scope exists for a new model of individualized therapy, tailored to the specific response of each patient. Because changes occur at all levels of the pain pathway, successful treatment may require a combination of therapies with different mechanisms of action...
March 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428544/development-and-evaluation-of-a-capacity-building-program-in-gender-relevant-tobacco-control-research-a-brazilian-experience
#9
Regina C Cruz, Sharina D Person, Lorna Bittencourt, Ana C Efing, Isabel C Scarinci
INTRODUCTION: There is an increased need for capacity building of researchers and professionals in low- and middle-income countries with evidence-based approaches across the tobacco control continuum, particularly with regard to gender-relevant strategies. We describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a Career Development and Research Training Program (CDRTP) in tobacco control. METHODS: The CDRTP is organized into two modules: Module I is open to the public and provides an overview of tobacco control; Module II, consists of a one-year program with multi-mode sessions toward the development of a pilot research project...
February 2, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428165/development-and-validation-of-a-gene-expression-based-signature-to-predict-distant-metastasis-in-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-retrospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#10
Xin-Ran Tang, Ying-Qin Li, Shao-Bo Liang, Wei Jiang, Fang Liu, Wen-Xiu Ge, Ling-Long Tang, Yan-Ping Mao, Qing-Mei He, Xiao-Jing Yang, Yuan Zhang, Xin Wen, Jian Zhang, Ya-Qin Wang, Pan-Pan Zhang, Ying Sun, Jing-Ping Yun, Jing Zeng, Li Li, Li-Zhi Liu, Na Liu, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Gene expression patterns can be used as prognostic biomarkers in various types of cancers. We aimed to identify a gene expression pattern for individual distant metastatic risk assessment in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS: In this multicentre, retrospective, cohort analysis, we included 937 patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma from three Chinese hospitals: the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China), the Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University (Guilin, China), and the First People's Hospital of Foshan (Foshan, China)...
February 7, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427726/role-development-in-midwifery-education-a-place-for-simulation
#11
Sharon L Ruyak, Laura Migliaccio, Amy Levi, Sarah Patel
OBJECTIVE: simulation-based learning is increasingly seen as an effective strategy to develop student nurse-midwives into effective healthcare team members. A gap exists concerning the use of simulation to promote role transition/development of the student midwife. The purpose of this paper is to describe an evolving simulation curriculum aimed at role development of the student midwife as well as technical skills training. SETTING: the University of New Mexico, College of Nursing and the Interprofessional Healthcare Simulation Center...
February 2, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425598/emergency-manuals-how-quality-improvement-and-implementation-science-can-enable-better-perioperative-management-during-crises
#12
REVIEW
Sara N Goldhaber-Fiebert, Carl Macrae
How can teams manage critical events more effectively? There are commonly gaps in performance during perioperative crises, and emergency manuals are recently available tools that can improve team performance under stress, via multiple mechanisms. This article examines how the principles of implementation science and quality improvement were applied by multiple teams in the development, testing, and systematic implementations of emergency manuals in perioperative care. The core principles of implementation have relevance for future patient safety innovations perioperatively and beyond, and the concepts of emergency manuals and interprofessional teamwork are applicable for diverse fields throughout health care...
March 2018: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418053/preparing-researchers-for-patient-and-public-involvement-in-scientific-research-development-of-a-hands-on-learning-approach-through-action-research
#13
Maarten de Wit, Anna Beurskens, Barbara Piškur, Esther Stoffers, Albine Moser
BACKGROUND: Acquiring the theoretical and practical knowhow of conducting patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is not part of the traditional curriculum of researchers. Zuyd University of Applied Sciences and Huis voor de Zorg, a regional umbrella patient organization, therefore started a 1.5-year coaching programme. OBJECTIVE: To establish a community of practice by developing a PPI coaching programme for senior and junior health services researchers of Zuyd University...
February 8, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417740/the-clinical-educator-and-complexity-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Adrian Schoo, Koshila Kumar
BACKGROUND: Complexity science perspectives have helped in examining fundamental assumptions about learning and teaching in the health professions. The implications of complexity thinking for how we understand the role and development of the clinical educator is less well articulated. This review article outlines: the key principles of complexity science; a conceptual model that situates the clinical educator in a complex system; and the implications for the individual, organisation and the system...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411463/promoting-evidence-based-urinary-incontinence-management-in-acute-nursing-and-rehabilitation-care-a-process-evaluation-of-an-implementation-intervention-in-the-orthopaedic-context
#15
Maria Hälleberg Nyman, Henrietta Forsman, Lars Wallin, Joan Ostaszkiewicz, Ami Hommel, Ann Catrine Eldh
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The risk of developing urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with older age and hip surgery. There has been limited focus on factors that promote evidence-based UI practice in the orthopaedic context. The aim of this study was to evaluate an implementation intervention to support evidence-based practice for UI in patients aged 65 or older undergoing hip surgery. METHODS: A 3-month intervention was delivered in 2014 to facilitate the implementation of UI knowledge in orthopaedic units in 2 hospitals in Sweden...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406440/measurement-framework-for-the-environmental-influences-on-child-health-outcomes-research-program
#16
Courtney K Blackwell, Lauren S Wakschlag, Richard C Gershon, David Cella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diverse methodological approaches pose significant challenges to assess environmental exposure effects on child health outcomes. Although transdisciplinary research efforts offer unique opportunities for understanding the complex and multidimensional facets of lifespan health and disease trajectories, a shared measurement strategy is necessary for ensuring cohesion and comprehensibility across disciplines and domains. RECENT FINDINGS: Exposure science often focuses on one life stage, one primary outcome domain and/or one environmental context without regard for understanding the complexity of exposome pathways and outcomes across a developmental continuum...
February 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406019/community-reintegration-participation-and-employment-issues-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Gail Powell-Cope
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called the signature injury of the post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and neighboring countries. Although similarities exist between veterans and service members with TBI, levels of severity and different constellations of coexisting comorbid conditions affect them differently. These conditions affect physical, cognitive, and emotional function, which in turn can complicate community reintegration (CR), or the ability to return to family, vocational, and community life...
February 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399864/in-house-monitoring-of-steroid-hormone-metabolites-in-urine-informs-breeding-management-of-a-giant-anteater-myrmechophaga-tridactyla
#18
Laura Amendolagine, Tad Schoffner, Lynn Koscielny, Mandi Schook, Debra Copeland, James Casteel, Brianna Duff, Diana Koester
Although numbers of giant anteaters within North American facilities have been steadily increasing for the last 15 years, the population now exhibits an unstable age distribution with genetically valuable individuals nearing reproductive senescence. Contributing to this issue is the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) described lack of standardization of breeding introduction practices and high risk of female injury occurring during such pairings. This report describes the development of a successful breeding protocol at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo based on hormone monitoring and efficient communication between science and animal management teams that minimizes risk of female injury...
February 5, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394932/moving-knowledge-into-action-for-more-effective-practice-programmes-and-policy-protocol-for-a-research-programme-on-integrated-knowledge-translation
#19
Ian D Graham, Anita Kothari, Chris McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: Health research is conducted with the expectation that it advances knowledge and eventually translates into improved health systems and population health. However, research findings are often caught in the know-do gap: they are not acted upon in a timely way or not applied at all. Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) is advanced as a way to increase the relevance, applicability and impact of research. With IKT, knowledge users work with researchers throughout the research process, starting with identification of the research question...
February 2, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393664/the-2018-revision-of-the-isber-best-practices-summary-of-changes-and-the-editorial-team-s-development-process
#20
Lori D Campbell, Jonas J Astrin, Yvonne DeSouza, Judith Giri, Ashokkumar A Patel, Melissa Rawley-Payne, Amanda Rush, Nicole Sieffert
An increased need for specimens of reliable and consistent quality for research purposes requires the development of standardized policies and practices for the collection, handling, storage, retrieval, and distribution of specimens and specimen-related data. Providers of specimen resources should strive to incorporate new technologies and state-of-the-science approaches and thus ensure the availability of fit-for-purpose research specimens. Strategies to achieve quality outcomes and performance improvements often include adherence to established standards and implementation of best practices...
February 2, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
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