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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220459/-how-would-you-call-this-in-english-being-reflective-about-translations-in-international-cross-cultural-qualitative-research
#1
Esther Helmich, Sayra Cristancho, Laura Diachun, Lorelei Lingard
INTRODUCTION: Medical education researchers increasingly collaborate in international teams, collecting data in different languages and from different parts of the world, and then disseminating them in English-language journals. Although this requires an ever-present need to translate, it often occurs uncritically. With this paper we aim to enhance researchers' awareness and reflexivity regarding translations in qualitative research. METHODS: In an international study, we carried out interviews in both Dutch and English...
February 20, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#2
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215809/topological-data-analysis-tda-applied-to-reveal-pedogenetic-principles-of-european-topsoil-system
#3
Aleksandar Savic, Gergely Toth, Ludovic Duponchel
Recent developments in applied mathematics are bringing new tools that are capable to synthesize knowledge in various disciplines, and help in finding hidden relationships between variables. One such technique is topological data analysis (TDA), a fusion of classical exploration techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), and a topological point of view applied to clustering of results. Various phenomena have already received new interpretations thanks to TDA, from the proper choice of sport teams to cancer treatments...
February 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215389/dissemination-and-implementation-science-training-needs-insights-from-practitioners-and-researchers
#4
Rachel G Tabak, Margaret M Padek, Jon F Kerner, Kurt C Stange, Enola K Proctor, Maureen J Dobbins, Graham A Colditz, David A Chambers, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination and implementation research training has great potential to improve the impact and reach of health-related research; however, research training needs from the end user perspective are unknown. This paper identifies and prioritizes dissemination and implementation research training needs. METHODS: A diverse sample of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers was invited to participate in Concept Mapping in 2014-2015. Phase 1 (Brainstorming) gathered participants' responses to the prompt: To improve the impact of research evidence in practice and policy settings, a skill in which researchers need more training is… The resulting statement list was edited and included subsequent phases...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215384/enhance-%C3%A2-fitness-dissemination-and-implementation-2010-2015-a-scoping-review
#5
Miruna G Petrescu-Prahova, Thomas J Eagen, Sarah L Fishleder, Basia Belza
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity has many benefits for older adult physical and mental health. Enhance(®)Fitness (EF) is an evidence-based group exercise program delivered by community-based organizations. The purpose of this study was to review recent evidence on the dissemination and implementation of EF. METHODS: A scoping review of qualitative and quantitative studies with EF as main focus was conducted. CINAHL, PubMed, PubMed Central, SCOPUS, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were searched between October and November 2015 for data-based studies on EF published in 2010-2015...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212900/basic-educational-needs-of-midwifery-students-for-taking-the-role-of-an-assistance-in-disaster-situations-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#6
Z Taghizadeh, M Khoshnam Rad, A Montazeri
BACKGROUND: After disasters, the disaster medical assistance team composed of skilful healthcare staff should be available at the disaster site for providing care to disaster's victims. It is believed that midwives are at the front line of the disaster management team and should be prepared for providing care to mothers and children. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the midwifery students' basic educational needs for taking the role of an assistant in disaster situations...
January 22, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206775/one-hundred-years-of-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-background-evolution-and-scientific-trends
#7
Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen, Eduardo Salas
To launch this Special Issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology celebrating the 1st century of the journal we conducted a review encompassing the background of the founding of the journal; a quantitative assessment of its evolution across the century; and an examination of trends examining article type, article length, authorship patterns, supplemental materials, and research support. The journal was founded in March of 1917 with hopeful optimism about the potential of psychology being applied to practical problems could enhance human happiness, well-being, and effectiveness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206773/a-century-of-progress-in-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-discoveries-and-the-next-century
#8
Eduardo Salas, Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen
In a century of research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, we have seen significant advances in our science. The results of this science have broad applications to the workplace and implications for improving organizational effectiveness through a variety of avenues. Research has focused on understanding constructs, relationships, and processes at multiple levels, including individual, team, and organizational. A plethora of research methods and questions have driven this work, resulting in a nuanced understanding of what matters in the workplace...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199820/a-cycles-breaking-framework-to-disrupt-intergenerational-patterns-of-maltreatment-and-vulnerability-during-the-childbearing-year
#9
Mickey Sperlich, Julia Seng, Healther Rowe, Jane Fisher, Chris Cutherbert, Julie Taylor
We propose a cycles-breaking conceptual framework to guide perinatal research, interventions, and clinical innovations that can prevent or disrupt intergenerational cycles of childhood maltreatment and psychiatric vulnerability. The framework is grounded in literature, clinical observations, team science collaboration, and empirical research from numerous disciplines and is specific to the childbearing year. Adoption of the framework has the potential to speed the progress of research on the social problems of intergenerational childhood maltreatment and psychiatric vulnerability...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199030/lessons-learned-from-the-science-of-caring-extending-the-reach-of-psychosocial-oncology-the-international-psycho-oncology-society-2016-sutherland-award-lecture
#10
Barry D Bultz
In medicine, referral to a medical oncology specialty is based on recent history, physical examination, pathology, surgery reports, imaging, blood work and the patient's vital signs. By contrast, referral to a psychosocial specialist has typically been based on the patients expressed request for psychosocial support or the health care team's observation of the patient's limited adjustment or poor coping with the diagnosis, treatment or end of life distress. These observations are usually based on clinical acumen not on metrics...
February 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194201/an-investigation-into-the-factors-effective-in-the-consent-of-families-with-brain-dead-patients-candidates-for-organ-donation-in-isfahan-iran-in-2012-13
#11
Maryam Khalifehsoltani Khajooei, Fereshteh Zamani, Asieh Maghami Mehr
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that, with regard to social, cultural, and institutional contexts, several factors affect family decision-making on organ donation. This study aimed to investigate the effective factors in organ donation by family members with brain-dead patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive-comparative study in which a researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data. The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained as 0.81 using Cronbach's alpha...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193598/barriers-to-remote-health-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-proposed-classification-scheme
#12
Michelle M Alvarado, Hye-Chung Kum, Karla Gonzalez Coronado, Margaret J Foster, Pearl Ortega, Mark A Lawley
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management involves adherence to healthy daily habits typically involving blood glucose monitoring, medication, exercise, and diet. To support self-management, some providers have begun testing remote interventions for monitoring and assisting patients between clinic visits. Although some studies have shown success, there are barriers to widespread adoption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify and classify barriers to adoption of remote health for management of type 2 diabetes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190508/navigating-the-clinical-trial-pathway-conception-design-execution-and-results-dissemination
#13
John S Sampalis, Joanne Watson, Stella Boukas, Marianna Boukas, Natalie Harvey, Sanjay Machado, Michel Bordeleau, Emmanouil Rampakakis
Dr Sampalis is founder, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Scientific Officer of JSS Medical Research Inc, founded in 1997. He is a tenured professor of Surgery and Epidemiology & Biostatistics of McGill University, the University of Montreal and University of Laval. Recognized as a leading clinical epidemiologist and one of the top trauma researchers in Canada, he possesses extensive expertise in health services research, clinical trials, and offers services as a Research and Epidemiological Consultant for numerous pharmaceutical companies, hospitals and government organizations and agencies...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182465/one-hundred-years-of-work-design-research-looking-back-and-looking-forward
#14
Sharon K Parker, Frederick P Morgeson, Gary Johns
In this article we take a big picture perspective on work design research. In the first section of the paper we identify influential work design articles and use scientific mapping to identify distinct clusters of research. Pulling this material together, we identify five key work design perspectives that map onto distinct historical developments: (a) sociotechnical systems and autonomous work groups, (b) job characteristics model, (c) job demands-control model, (d) job demands-resources model, and (e) role theory...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182463/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-2009-to-2014-infrastructure-operations-innovations-impact-evolution-and-desirable-directions
#15
Steve W J Kozlowski
In this reflection on my experiences as editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology, I consider 6 foci including (a) information on the background, infrastructure, and mechanics of running this top-tier journal; (b) statistics on journal operations across the 7 years of editorial activity (i.e., incoming plus 6 years on the masthead); (c) innovations that my senior editorial team introduced (i.e., transparency via supplemental materials, revival of monographs, initiation of integrative conceptual reviews); (d) impact and influence with respect to articles, authors, and institutions; (e) latent sematic analysis findings to illustrate the evolution and change of journal content over a 33-year comparison period (i...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164292/providing-information-about-the-consequences-of-female-genital-mutilation-to-healthcare-providers-caring-for-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Chioma M Oringanje, Anthony Okoro, Ogonna N Nwankwo, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: The persistence of female genital mutilation (FGM) in some countries, despite an overall decline in the prevalence of the practice, calls for improvement in the capacity of healthcare workers and institutions to provide optimal care for this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of providing information on FGM and its consequences to healthcare providers on their attitudes toward FGM, and quality of care and patient satisfaction. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164286/surgical-and-nonsurgical-interventions-for-vulvar-and-clitoral-pain-in-girls-and-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ifeanyichukwu Ezebialu, Obiamaka Okafo, Chukwudi Oringanje, Udoezuo Ogbonna, Ekong Udoh, Friday Odey, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Vulvar and clitoral pain are known complications of female genital mutilation (FGM). Several interventions have been used to treat these conditions. This review focuses on surgical and nonsurgical interventions to improve vulvar and clitoral pain in women living with FGM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of nonsurgical and surgical interventions for alleviating vulvar and clitoral pain in women living with any type of FGM and to assess the associated adverse events...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164285/antepartum-or-intrapartum-deinfibulation-for-childbirth-in-women-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ekpereonne Esu, Atim Udo, Babasola O Okusanya, David Agamse, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: There remains no consensus on the best timing of deinfibulation in women with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effects of antepartum or intrapartum deinfibulation on childbirth outcomes in women with type III FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched: Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152963/kaiser-permanente-georgia-colon-cancer-care-through-the-science-of-performance-improvement
#19
(no author information available yet)
: 250 Background: While our patients reported high satisfaction with the care they received, Kaiser Permanente Georgia's baseline assessment found variation in the way our colon cancer patients were diagnosed and received care. This variation also effects the cycle time from diagnosis to initiation of treatment (surgery or first infusion). METHODS: Using Kaiser Permanente's Performance Improvement methodology and interdisciplinary cooperation, this project launched in January of 2014...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152723/a-multidisciplinary-quality-improvement-project-to-improve-the-safety-of-oral-chemotherapy-in-hospitalized-patients
#20
Amer Sidani, Gelenis Calzadilla Domingo, Diana Sullivan, Katherine Sencion, Dominic Ho, Christina Haaf, Adam Bursua, Neeta K Venepalli
: 110 Background: At the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System (UIC), inpatient IV chemotherapy administration occurs in the setting of specific protocols and multidisciplinary safety assessments while oral chemotherapy agent (OCA) inpatient administration occurs less formally. Baseline 8 week review of 174 admissions to the oncology service revealed that of 16 patients (9.2%) on outpatient OCA, 50% received OCAs while inpatient, with 12. 55% having a formal chemotherapy note in place...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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