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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053382/benchmarking-treatment-adherence-and-therapist-competence-in-individual-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-anxiety-disorders
#1
Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Aaron Hogue, Philip C Kendall, John R Weisz
Evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for youth are typically developed and established through studies in research settings designed to ensure treatment integrity, that is, protocol adherence and competence by therapists. An important question for implementation science is how well integrity is maintained when these EBTs are delivered in community settings. The present study investigated whether the integrity achieved by therapists in community settings achieved a benchmark set by therapists in a research setting when they delivered the same EBT-an individual cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) for youth anxiety...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052665/authorship-ethics-in-the-era-of-team-science
#2
Marilyn J Hammer, Christine Miaskowski
The dissemination of research findings in articles is essential. Held to the same ethical standards of the studies themselves, the level of contribution determining authorship and authorship order needs to be established a priori. In the current era of team science, with its focus on the acceleration of personalized care, many people are needed to answer comprehensive research questions. This article explores how a large number of authors can contribute meaningfully to team science articles.
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050030/concluding-remarks
#3
Marcela Rocha de Olivera Carrilho
Case reports and clinical trials conducted in different countries (i.e., the United States, Canada, Brazil, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Japan, India, and Sri Lanka) tend to find a positive relationship between the presence of more retained teeth in older ages and the prevalence of root caries in older adults. As this tendency has been shown to prevail globally, it is estimated that the predicted demographic elderly expansion may cause, in near future, a significant increment in the number of older population requiring an effective means of preventing and treating root surface caries...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046042/commentary-the-science-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-health-a-growing-field-and-the-team-science-behind-it
#4
Lisa K Tuchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043936/providing-health-sciences-services-in-a-joint-use-distributed-learning-library-system-an-organizational-case-study
#5
Electra Enslow, Suzanne Fricke, Kathryn Vela
The purpose of this organizational case study is to describe the complexities librarians face when serving a multi-campus institution that supports both a joint-use library and expanding health sciences academic partnerships. In a system without a centralized health science library administration, liaison librarians are identifying dispersed programs and user groups and collaborating to define their unique service and outreach needs within a larger land-grant university. Using a team-based approach, health sciences librarians are communicating to integrate research and teaching support, systems differences across dispersed campuses, and future needs of a new community-based medical program...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042383/health-education-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#6
Xian-Liang Liu, Yan Shi, Karen Willis, Chiung-Jung Jo Wu, Maree Johnson
OBJECTIVES: This umbrella review aimed to identify the current evidence on health education-related interventions for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM); identify the educational content, delivery methods, intensity, duration and setting required. The purpose was to provide recommendations for educational interventions for high-risk patients with both ACS and T2DM. DESIGN: Umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042377/effectiveness-and-meaningful-use-of-paediatric-surgical-safety-checklists-and-their-implementation-strategies-a-systematic-review-with-narrative-synthesis
#7
Janaka Lagoo, Steven R Lopushinsky, Alex B Haynes, Paul Bain, Helene Flageole, Erik D Skarsgard, Mary E Brindle
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness and meaningful use of paediatric surgical safety checklists (SSCs) and their implementation strategies through a systematic review with narrative synthesis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Since the launch of the WHO SSC, checklists have been integrated into surgical systems worldwide. Information is sparse on how SSCs have been integrated into the paediatric surgical environment. METHODS: A broad search strategy was created using Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, Science Citation Index and Conference Proceedings Citation Index...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039726/perceived-relevance-mediates-the-relationship-between-professional-identity-and-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-education-in-first-year-university-students
#8
L D Roberts, M C Davis, H G Radley-Crabb, M Broughton
The strength of health science students' identification with their chosen profession is associated with their attitudes towards interprofessional education (IPE). However, little is known about the factors that might mediate this relationship. In this article, we examine the relationships between professional identification, communication and teamwork skills, perceived relevance of IPE, and positive and negative attitudes towards IPE. A sample of 444 first-year university students from 25 health science professions enrolled in a first-year interprofessional program participated in this research by completing a questionnaire...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036655/mfib-a-repository-of-protein-complexes-with-mutual-folding-induced-by-binding
#9
Erzsébet Fichó, István Reményi, István Simon, Bálint Mészáros
Motivation: It is commonplace that intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are involved in crucial interactions in the living cell. However, the study of protein complexes formed exclusively by IDPs is hindered by the lack of data and such analyses remain sporadic. Systematic studies benefited other types of protein-protein interactions paving a way from basic science to therapeutics; yet these efforts require reliable datasets that are currently lacking for synergistically folding complexes of IDPs...
August 3, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033992/patient-safety-culture-in-intensive-care-units-from-the-perspective-of-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Sedigheh Farzi, Azam Moladoost, Masoud Bahrami, Saba Farzi, Reza Etminani
BACKGROUND: One of the goals of nursing is providing safe care, prevention of injury, and health promotion of patients. Patient safety in intensive care units is threatened for various reasons. This study aimed to survey patient safety culture from the perspective of nurses in intensive care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. Sampling was done using the convenience method. The sample consisted of 367 nurses working in intensive care units of teaching hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032590/a-scoping-approach-to-systematically-review-published-reviews-adaptations-and-recommendations
#11
REVIEW
Annette Schultz, Leah Goertzen, Janet Rothney, Pamela Wener, Jennifer Enns, Gayle Halas, Alan Katz
Knowledge translation is a central focus of the health research community, which includes strategies to synthesize published research to support uptake within healthcare practice and policy arenas. Within the literature concerning review methodologies, a new discussion has emerged concerning methods that review and synthesize published review articles. In this paper, our multidisciplinary team from family medicine, nursing, dental hygiene, kinesiology, occupational therapy, physiology, population health, clinical psychology and library sciences contribute to this discussion by sharing our experiences in conducting three scoping reviews of published review studies...
October 15, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028639/implications-of-mitochondrial-dysfunction-for-the-anesthetic-and-perioperative-management-a-case-report-of-spinal-fusion-genetic-confusion-and-a-patient-s-perspective
#12
Linda S Aglio, Brian T Lockhart, Jeantine E Lunshof, Christoph S Nabzdyk
We describe a patient's personal struggle with a symptom complex consisting of profound muscle weakness requiring pyridostigmine, and metabolic abnormalities suggestive of mitochondrial disease. This included a profound sensitivity to opioids, which in the past caused severe respiratory depression during a prior hospital admission. Interestingly, the patient herself is a professor of ethics in genomic sciences, and she and her medical team thus far have not been able to formally diagnose her with mitochondrial disease...
October 12, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028635/are-we-on-the-same-page-shared-mental-models-to-support-clinical-teamwork-among-health-professions-learners-a-scoping-review
#13
Leslie Carstensen Floren, DorAnne Donesky, Evans Whitaker, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate, Bridget C O'Brien
PURPOSE: To conduct a scoping review to explore the construct of shared mental models (SMMs) in the context of clinical teamwork among health professions learners. METHOD: The authors searched the PubMed, ERIC, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, PsychINFO, and EMBASE databases for English-language articles published between 2000 and 2016. Eligible articles mentioned SMMs in relation to clinical teamwork and included health professions learners. Two reviewers screened studies for eligibility and extracted data to determine the depth and breadth of the literature on SMMs...
October 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028120/rethinking-the-way-we-do-research-the-benefits-of-community-engaged-citizen-science-approaches-and-nontraditional-collaborators
#14
REVIEW
Danielle M Dick
There is tremendous opportunity for basic scientists to enhance the impact of our research by engaging more deeply with nontraditional partners and expanding the way we think about interdisciplinary research teams. These efforts can include more deeply engaging our participants, and the broader public, in our research; working with individuals from other fields to take a more active role in the dissemination and translation of our research; and working with collaborators from the arts and communication sciences to make our research more engaging and understandable...
October 13, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027661/negotiating-ethical-paradoxes-in-conducting-a-randomized-controlled-trial-aligning-intervention-science-with-participatory-values
#15
Shabnam Javdani, Sukhmani Singh, Corianna E Sichel
In this article, we describe ethical tensions we have faced in the context of our work as intervention scientists, where we aim to promote social justice and change systems that impact girls involved in the juvenile legal system. These ethical tensions are, at their core, about resisting collusion with systems of control while simultaneously collaborating with them. Over the course of designing and implementing a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an ecological advocacy intervention for girls, called ROSES, ethical paradoxes crystalized and prompted us to engage in critical reflection and action toward the aim of moving away from conducting research on legal-system-involved girls and moving toward a more democratic, participatory process of inquiry with girls...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026841/causes-of-medication-errors-in-intensive-care-units-from-the-perspective-of-healthcare-professionals
#16
Sedigheh Farzi, Alireza Irajpour, Mahmoud Saghaei, Hamid Ravaghi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to explore and to describe the causes of medication errors in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) from the perspective of physicians, nurses, and clinical pharmacists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a descriptive qualitative method in 2016. We included 16 ICUs of seven educational hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Participants included 19 members of the healthcare team (physician, nurse, and clinical pharmacist) with at least 1 year of work experience in the ICUs...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024808/critical-care-nurses-experiences-of-withdrawal-of-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Brandi Vanderspank-Wright, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Amanda D Vandyk
BACKGROUND: Death and dying is a reality of the clinical context of the intensive care unit. Death often follows a decision to withdraw life-sustaining treatments. Critical care nurses, are the primary care providers to patients and families at the end-of-life in the intensive care unit. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize qualitative evidence on the experiences of critical care nurses who have cared for patients and families throughout the process of withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023703/use-of-multi-intake-temporal-dominance-of-sensations-tds-to-evaluate-the-influence-of-wine-on-cheese-perception
#18
Mara V Galmarini, Anne-Laure Loiseau, Doëtte Debreyer, Michel Visalli, Pascal Schlich
Even if wine and cheese have long been consumed together, there is little sensory evidence on how wine can influence the perception of cheese. In this work 4 cheeses were dynamically characterized in terms of dominant sensations without and with wine consumption in between intakes. The tasting protocol was based on multi-intake temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) coupled with hedonic rating. Frequent wine and cheese consumers (n = 31) evaluated 4 cheeses (Epoisses, Chaource, and 2 different Comté) over 3 consecutive bites...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017990/healthy-beyond-pregnancy-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-postpartum-care-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#19
Katherine Park Himes, Heidi Donovan, Stephanie Wang, Carrie Weaver, Jillian Rae Grove, Francesca Lucia Facco
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum visit, health care providers address issues with short- and long-term implications for maternal and child health. Women with Medicaid insurance are less likely to return for a postpartum visit compared with women with private insurance. Behavioral economics acknowledges that people do not make exclusively rational choices, rather immediate gratification, cognitive and psychological biases, and social norms influence decision making. Drawing on insights from decision science, behavioral economists have examined how these biases can be modulated through carefully designed interventions...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993392/implementation-outcome-assessment-instruments-used-in-physical-healthcare-settings-and-their-measurement-properties-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Zarnie Khadjesari, Silia Vitoratou, Nick Sevdalis, Louise Hull
INTRODUCTION: Over the past 10 years, research into methods that promote the uptake, implementation and sustainability of evidence-based interventions has gathered pace. However, implementation outcomes are defined in different ways and assessed by different measures; the extent to which these measures are valid and reliable is unknown. The aim of this systematic review is to identify and appraise studies that assess the measurement properties of quantitative implementation outcome instruments used in physical healthcare settings, to advance the use of precise and accurate measures...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
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