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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820754/sleep-apps-what-role-do-they-play-in-clinical-medicine
#1
Christopher P Lorenz, Adrian J Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Today's smartphones boast more computing power than the Apollo Guidance Computer. Given the ubiquity and popularity of smartphones, are we already carrying around miniaturized sleep labs in our pockets? RECENT FINDINGS: There is still a lack of validation studies for consumer sleep technologies in general and apps for monitoring sleep in particular. To overcome this gap, multidisciplinary teams are needed that focus on feasibility work at the intersection of software engineering, data science and clinical sleep medicine...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818330/manufacturing-in-the-eye-of-the-storm-shen-hong-and-the-nine-great-installations-project-during-china-s-cultural-revolution
#2
Lie Sun, Danian Hu
The construction of nine high-end technical installations (hereafter Project NGI, for Nine Great Installations or ) in the 1960s and 1970s was an indispensable part of the development of China's defense and heavy industries. The project put more than 1400 machines into operation or trial operation during the Culture Revolution (1966-1976), and they served essential technical functions in sectors such as aviation, aerospace, machinery, metallurgy, and electronics, and directly advancing the development of these fields...
August 14, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#3
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817428/interprofessional-qi-training-enhances-competency-and-qi-productivity-among-graduates-findings-from-nationwide-children-s-hospital
#4
Thomas Bartman, Karen Heiser, Andrew Bethune, Wallace Crandall, Richard McClead, J Terrance Davis, Richard J Brilli
PURPOSE: Significant resources are expended on quality improvement (QI) training courses. The authors sought to determine whether education provided in QI course training improves self-assessed QI content competence and QI-related productivity among course graduates. METHOD: "Quality Improvement Essentials" is a four-month didactic and experiential course designed to prepare multidisciplinary professionals to participate in and lead QI efforts at Nationwide Children's Hospital (NCH)...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814328/building-capacity-for-dissemination-and-implementation-research-one-university-s-experience
#5
Ross C Brownson, Enola K Proctor, Douglas A Luke, Ana A Baumann, Mackenzie Staub, Matthew T Brown, Mallory Johnson
BACKGROUND: While dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown rapidly, there is an ongoing need to understand how to build and sustain capacity in individuals and institutions conducting research. There are three inter-related domains for capacity building: people, settings, and activities. Since 2008, Washington University in St. Louis has dedicated significant attention and resources toward building D&I research capacity. This paper describes our process, challenges, and lessons with the goal of informing others who may have similar aims at their own institution...
August 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812122/-how-does-knowledge-reach-health-care-practice-implementation-research-and-knowledge-circulation
#6
REVIEW
Horst Christian Vollmar, Sara Santos, Anneke de Jong, Gabriele Meyer, Stefan Wilm
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based knowledge is among the most important resources in health care. However, relevant knowledge is often not implemented. There are about 100 different concepts for the "knowledge-to-practice gap". OBJECTIVES: We conducted this review to identify relevant concepts that describe and try to overcome this situation: implementation research and knowledge translation or circulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We initially conducted a systematic search in the databases CINAHL, Embase, ERIC, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Science without time or language restrictions...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805520/pace-team-response-shows-a-disregard-for-the-principles-of-science
#7
Jonathan Edwards
The PACE trial of cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis has raised serious questions about research methodology. An editorial article by Geraghty gives a fair account of the problems involved, if anything understating the case. The response by White et al. fails to address the key design flaw, of an unblinded study with subjective outcome measures, apparently demonstrating a lack of understanding of basic trial design requirements. The failure of the academic community to recognise the weakness of trials of this type suggests that a major overhaul of quality control is needed...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803050/the-arest-cf-experience-in-biobanking-more-than-just-tissues-tubes-and-time
#8
Luke W Garratt, Anthony Kicic, Colin Robertson, Sarath Ranganathan, Peter D Sly, Stephen M Stick
Research to further improve outcomes for people with CF is dependent upon well characterised, archived and accessible clinical specimens. The recent article by Beekman et al. published in Journal of Cystic Fibrosis summarised a scientific meeting at the 13th ECFS Basic Science Conference. This meeting discussed how well-annotated, clinical biobanks for CF could be established in Europe to meet the needs of therapeutic development. The Australian Respiratory Early Surveillance Team for Cystic Fibrosis (AREST CF) has conducted biobanking of CF research and clinical specimens since the late 1990s and is custodian of the most comprehensive paediatric CF biobank in the world that focuses on the first years of life...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#9
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798213/providing-experiential-business-and-management-training-for-biomedical-research-trainees
#10
Kimberly A Petrie, Robert H Carnahan, Abigail M Brown, Kathleen L Gould
Many biomedical PhD trainees lack exposure to business principles, which limits their competitiveness and effectiveness in academic and industry careers. To fill this training gap, we developed Business and Management Principles for Scientists, a semester-long program that combined didactic exposure to business fundamentals with practical team-based projects aimed at solving real business problems encountered by institutional shared--resource core facilities. The program also included a retreat featuring presentations by and networking with local life science entrepreneurs and final team presentations to expert judges...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797498/interventions-to-enhance-testing-linkage-to-care-and-treatment-uptake-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review
#11
Sahar Bajis, Gregory J Dore, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Evan B Cunningham, Lisa Maher, Jason Grebely
BACKGROUND: The burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is escalating among people who inject drugs (PWID), yet testing and treatment remains suboptimal. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to enhance HCV testing, linkage to care, and treatment uptake among PWID. METHODS: A systematic literature search of Medline (Ovid 1946 - present), Embase, Global Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Clinical Trials Registry, and Web of Science was conducted covering interventional studies published before 20 July 2016...
August 7, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797047/detecting-and-analyzing-research-communities-in-longitudinal-scientific-networks
#12
Valerio Leone Sciabolazza, Raffaele Vacca, Therese Kennelly Okraku, Christopher McCarty
A growing body of evidence shows that collaborative teams and communities tend to produce the highest-impact scientific work. This paper proposes a new method to (1) Identify collaborative communities in longitudinal scientific networks, and (2) Evaluate the impact of specific research institutes, services or policies on the interdisciplinary collaboration between these communities. First, we apply community-detection algorithms to cross-sectional scientific collaboration networks and analyze different types of co-membership in the resulting subgroups over time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793079/-the-interface-between-primary-and-secondary-care-in-dentistry-in-the-unified-health-system-sus-an-integrative-systematic-review
#13
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Leila Bernarda Donato Gottems
Secondary care in dentistry in Brazil has scarce and broadly underutilized resources. The challenge is to organize the interface between primary health care (PHC) and secondary care in order to consolidate the population's access to specialist dental care in the Unified Health System (SUS). This article seeks to analyze national publications in Portuguese and English on the interface between secondary health care and primary health care in dentistry from the perspective of comprehensive care in the SUS. It is an integrative review, considering the publications of the following databases: SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature) WEB OF SCIENCE, SCOPUS, PubMed (International Literature on Health Sciences) and GOOGLE SCHOLAR...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791651/addressing-health-disparities-with-school-based-outreach-the-health-career-academy-program
#14
Liana Gefter, Judy Spahr, John Gruber, Sandra Ross, Laurie Watson, Barry Mann
Pipeline programs address health disparities by promoting academic achievement and entry of low-income ethnic and racial minority youth into healthcare fields. The Health Career Academy (HCA) is a 3-year pipeline program for high school students from low-income, ethnic, and racial minority communities. Health professional students serve as program mentors. The HCA has been implemented in nine US sites, with partnerships between 17 health professional schools and 17 high schools. A total of 386 10th grade students and 95 11th grade students enrolled as participants in the 2015-2016 HCA program...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782004/second-flexner-century-the-democratization-of-medical-knowledge-repurposing-a-general-pathology-course-into-multigrade-level-gateway-courses
#15
Ronald S Weinstein, Amy L Waer, John B Weinstein, Margaret M Briehl, Michael J Holcomb, Kristine A Erps, Angelette L Holtrust, Julie M Tomkins, Gail P Barker, Elizabeth A Krupinski
Starting in 1910, the "Flexner Revolution" in medical education catalyzed the transformation of the US medical education enterprise from a proprietary medical school dominated system into a university-based medical school system. In the 21st century, what we refer to as the "Second Flexner Century" shifts focus from the education of medical students to the education of the general population in the "4 health literacies." Compared with the remarkable success of the first Flexner Revolution, retrofitting medical science education into the US general population today, starting with K-12 students, is a more daunting task...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780144/report-on-the-midwives-experiences-in-the-brazilian-national-health-system-a-qualitative-research
#16
Nádia Zanon Narchi, Cláudia Medeiros de Castro, Cintia de Freitas Oliveira, Fernanda Tambellini
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experiences of midwives who graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and the characteristics of their work within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). DESIGN: a descriptive, qualitative field study. SETTING: interviews were scheduled by telephone or e-mail and were held with the midwives outside their work environment. Interviews lasted for up to one hour and were recorded. PARTICIPANTS: ten midwives who had graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and were working or had worked in the SUS at the time of the study...
July 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776000/pharmacy-professionals-dispensing-practice-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-emergency-contraceptives-in-gondar-town-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important role in educating patients about the effective and appropriate use of contraceptives. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacy professionals' dispensing practice, knowledge, and attitude towards emergency contraceptives use in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 14 to June 14, 2016, on 60 pharmacy professionals, who have been working in 8 randomly selected pharmacies and 6 drug stores...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767494/the-daunting-career-of-the-physician-investigator
#18
Ross E McKinney
For many years, physician-investigators have had a particularly difficult time with their academic careers, so that they have been labeled an endangered species. In this Invited Commentary, the author defines three career paths for physician-investigators-clinical researcher, clinician-scientist, and physician-scientist. Each of these pathways has common and distinct challenges that should be studied and potential improvements that should be evaluated through pilot research projects.The first challenge that all physician-investigators face is securing funding...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765454/current-status-of-postdoctoral-and-graduate-programs-in-dentistry
#19
Leon Assael
Advanced dental education has evolved in the context of societal needs and economic trends to its current status. Graduate programs have positioned their role in the context of health systems and health science education trends in hospitals, interprofessional clinical care teams, and dental schools and oral health care systems. Graduate dental education has been a critical factor in developing teams in trauma care, craniofacial disorders, pediatric and adult medicine, and oncology. The misalignment of the mission of graduate dental programs and the demands of private practice has posed a challenge in the evolution of programs as educational programs have been directed towards tertiary and indigent care while the practice community focuses on largely healthy affluent patients for complex clinical interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765447/what-should-oral-health-professionals-know-in-2040-executive-summary
#20
Jane A Weintraub
The "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project assesses current status and trends to prepare for the future. Section 3 of the project asks what knowledge and skills should dental and advanced dental education learners have to provide dental care in 2040 and how should educators be preparing them. This executive summary of five background articles in this section focuses on predoctoral education, advanced dental education, the provision of medical services within dental practice, the incorporation of oral health services into primary care and medical practice, and interprofessional education and practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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