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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523452/training-for-leadership-roles-in-academic-medicine-opportunities-for-psychologists-in-the-aamc-lead-program
#1
Donna LaPaglia, Britta Thompson, Janet Hafler, Sheila Chauvin
Psychologists' roles within academic medicine have expanded well beyond research and scholarship. They are active as providers of patient care, medical education, and clinical supervision. Although the number of psychologists in academic health centers continues to grow, they represent a small portion of total medical school faculties. However, with the movement toward collaborative care models, emphasis on interprofessional teams, and increased emphasis on psychological science topics in medical curricula, psychologists are well-positioned to make further contributions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512438/are-neurodynamic-organizations-a-fundamental-property-of-teamwork
#2
Ronald H Stevens, Trysha L Galloway
When performing a task it is important for teams to optimize their strategies and actions to maximize value and avoid the cost of surprise. The decisions teams make sometimes have unintended consequences and they must then reorganize their thinking, roles and/or configuration into corrective structures more appropriate for the situation. In this study we ask: What are the neurodynamic properties of these reorganizations and how do they relate to the moment-by-moment, and longer, performance-outcomes of teams?...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507288/identifying-individuals-with-physician-diagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-primary-care-electronic-medical-records-a-retrospective-chart-abstraction-study
#3
Theresa M Lee, Karen Tu, Laura L Wing, Andrea S Gershon
Little is known about using electronic medical records to identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to improve quality of care. Our objective was to develop electronic medical record algorithms that can accurately identify patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. A retrospective chart abstraction study was conducted on data from the Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database (EMRALD(®)) housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Abstracted charts provided the reference standard based on available physician-diagnoses, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-specific medications, smoking history and pulmonary function testing...
May 15, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506248/paraquat-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-protocol-according-to-the-ohat-approach-for-hazard-identification
#4
Carolina Vaccari, Regina El Dib, João Lauro V de Camargo
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative condition that has genetic susceptibility, aging, and exposure to certain chemicals as risk factors. In recent decades, epidemiological and experimental studies have investigated the role of pesticides in the development of PD, in particular that of the herbicide paraquat. Here, we, therefore, aim to systematically review the association between paraquat exposure and PD. METHODS: Observational studies (cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional) eligible for this systematic review will enroll any participant who was occupationally and/or environmentally exposed to paraquat...
May 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505393/the-science-behind-one-health-at-the-interface-of-humans-animals-and-the-environment
#5
Michael P Murtaugh, Clifford J Steer, Srinand Sreevatsan, Ned Patterson, Shaun Kennedy, P Sriramarao
Humans face a grand quality-of-life challenge as growing demands for resources for an ever-expanding population threaten the existence of wildlife populations, degrade land, and pollute air and water. Public investment and policy decisions that will shape future interactions of humans, animals, and the environment need scientific input to help find common ground for durable and sustainable success. The Second International Conference on One Medicine One Science brought together a broad range of scientists, trainees, regulatory authorities, and health experts from 34 countries to inform and discuss the human impacts of air quality; the complexities of water quality, access, and conflicts; the opportunities and uncertainties in precision medicine; and the role of science communication in health policy formulation...
May 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499742/understanding-constraints-on-sport-performance-from-the-complexity-sciences-paradigm-an-ecological-dynamics-framework
#6
Ludovic Seifert, Duarte Araújo, John Komar, Keith Davids
Glazier's suggestion for the constraints-led approach as a GUT for sport performance is a worthy proposal. What is missing from these preliminary insights is a principled basis, in the form of pillars, for understanding the cornerstones of the sports medicine profession, and this lack of an overarching theoretical framework is also somewhat of a limitation in Glazier's initial ideas, as we argue later. Here we suggest that his preliminary proposal would benefit from considering a more comprehensive ontological positioning within the complexity sciences paradigm to benefit from conceptualising athletes and sports teams as complex adaptive systems...
May 9, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#7
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492214/the-faculty-of-health-studies-at-the-university-of-mostar-in-the-service-of-health
#8
Dragan Babić, Ivan Vasilj, Mladen Mimica
The continuous progress of science has a very positive effect on health care. Health care in its broader sense has greatly progressed in past decades, and the education of health care professions requires more continuous learning, teaching materials and course duration. It becomes clear that continuous education is not only important for good quality doctors, but all participants of health care are gaining more burdens and their work becomes more complex. There is an increased necessity for team work, division of tasks and specialization...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489044/what-type-of-transitional-care-effectively-reduced-mortality-and-improved-adl-of-stroke-patients-a-meta-analysis
#9
Yuncui Wang, Fen Yang, Hao Shi, Chongming Yang, Hui Hu
Stroke is a major cause of disability and mortality worldwide; yet; prior to this study; there had been no sufficient evidence to support the effectiveness of various transitional care interventions (TCI) on the disability and mortality of stroke survivors. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the effectiveness of TCI in reducing mortality and improving the activities of daily life (ADL) of stroke patients. PubMed; Web of Science; OVID; EMBASE; CINAHL; and Sino-Med were searched for articles published before November 2016...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483310/severe-delayed-cutaneous-and-systemic-reactions-to-drugs-a-global-perspective-on-the-science-and-art-of-current-practice
#10
Jonathan Grant Peter, Rannakoe Lehloenya, Sipho Dlamini, Kimberly Risma, Katie D White, Katherine C Konvinse, Elizabeth J Phillips
Most immune-mediated adverse drug reactions (IM-ADRs) involve the skin, and many have additional systemic features. Severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (SCARs) are an uncommon, potentially life-threatening, and challenging subgroup of IM-ADRs with diverse clinical phenotypes, mechanisms, and offending drugs. T-cell-mediated immunopathology is central to these severe delayed reactions, but effector cells and cytokines differ by clinical phenotype. Strong HLA-gene associations have been elucidated for specific drug-SCAR IM-ADRs such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis, although the mechanisms by which carriage of a specific HLA allele is necessary but not sufficient for the development of many IM-ADRs is still being defined...
May 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476404/dropout-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-randomized-clinical-trials-of-adolescents-treated-for-depression-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Adriane Isabel Rohden, Mariana Canellas Benchaya, Roger Santos Camargo, Taís de Campos Moreira, Helena M T Barros, Maristela Ferigolo
PURPOSE: Depression currently affects 350 million people, and its prevalence among adolescents is 4% to 8%. Adolescents who abandon antidepressant treatment or drop out of clinical trials are less likely to recover or experience a remission of symptoms because they are not being followed up by a medical team. The objective of this study was to analyze the dropout rates of randomized clinical trials of depressed adolescents receiving treatment with antidepressant drugs and the factors associated with nonadherence by summarizing this information in a systematic review and meta-analysis...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467132/interprofessional-team-based-placements-the-importance-of-space-place-and-facilitation
#12
Margo L Brewer, Helen Louise Flavell, Joanne Jordon
Interprofessional education in practice settings typically requires greater resource investment than in the classroom or online. Increased interest in return on investment means research on the outcomes of practice-based interprofessional education is needed. In this article, we report findings from a qualitative study involving a series of focus groups with health sciences' students during their interprofessional placements in three community health settings in Western Australia. An exploratory case study approach was adopted to determine students' perceptions of the placement and their learning...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464858/protocol-of-a-scoping-review-on-knowledge-translation-competencies
#13
Anastasia A Mallidou, Pat Atherton, Liza Chan, Noreen Frisch, Stephanie Glegg, Gayle Scarrow
BACKGROUND: Knowledge translation (KT) activities can reduce the gap between "what is known" and "what is done". Several factors hinder or facilitate KT activities including individual characteristics and organizational attributes; we will focus on individual healthcare professional modifiable characteristics. The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize knowledge on KT competencies for knowledge users, knowledge brokers, and knowledge producers/researchers to support evidence-based practice (EBP) and inform policy and research in health...
May 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458164/dreams-and-disappointments-regarding-nursing-student-nurses-reasons-for-attrition-and-retention-a-qualitative-study-design
#14
Yvonne Ten Hoeve, Stynke Castelein, Gerard Jansen, Petrie Roodbol
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, hundreds of students register annually for a nursing programme, but not all of these students manage to complete their training. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to examine which factors affect student nurses' decision to leave or complete their programme. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: The study used an exploratory descriptive design, employing a qualitative phenomenological approach. SAMPLE: Student nurses (n=17) at the beginning of their third year of the four-year Bachelor's programme...
April 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453004/implant-utilization-and-time-to-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-conventional-and-advanced-fibular-free-flap-reconstruction-of-the-maxilla-and-mandible
#15
Richelle Chuka, Wael Abdullah, Jana Rieger, Suresh Nayar, Hadi Seikaly, Martin Osswald, Johan Wolfaardt
PURPOSE: Precisely designed jaw reconstruction rehabilitation (JRR) is important to the integrity of the jaw structure and oral functions. Advanced three-dimensional (3D) digital surgical design and simulation (SDS) techniques have the potential to reduce time to reconstructive and dental treatment completion, thereby promoting early functional oral rehabilitation. This study investigated the use of SDS in JRR procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on adult head and neck tumor (HNT) participants who completed JRR treatment with a fibular free flap (FFF) reconstruction...
May 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445220/catalyzing-interdisciplinary-research-and-training-initial-outcomes-and-evolution-of-the-affinity-research-collaboratives-model
#16
Katya Ravid, Francesca Seta, David Center, Gloria Waters, David Coleman
Team science has been recognized as critical to solving increasingly complex biomedical problems and advancing discoveries in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human disease. In 2009, the Evans Center for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research (ECIBR) was established in the Department of Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine as a new organizational paradigm to promote interdisciplinary team science. The ECIBR is made up of affinity research collaboratives (ARCs), consisting of investigators from different departments and disciplines who come together to study biomedical problems that are relevant to human disease and not under interdisciplinary investigation at the university...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443273/utilizing-the-plan-do-study-act-framework-to-explore-the-process-of-curricular-assessment-and-redesign-in-a-physical-therapy-education-program-in-suriname
#17
Jennifer Gail Audette, Se-Sergio Baldew, Tony C M S Chang, Jessica de Vries, Nancy Ho A Tham, Johanna Janssen, Andre Vyt
PURPOSE: To describe how a multinational team worked together to transition a physical therapy (PT) educational program in Paramaribo, Suriname, from a Bachelor level to a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MSPT) level. The team was made up of PT faculty from Anton De Kom Universiteit van Suriname (AdeKUS), the Flemish Interuniversity Council University Development Cooperation (VLIR-UOS) leadership, and Health Volunteers Overseas volunteers. In this case study, the process for curricular assessment, redesign, and upgrade is described retrospectively using a Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) framework...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441481/best-practices-of-computer-aided-drug-discovery-lessons-learned-from-the-development-of-a-preclinical-candidate-for-prostate-cancer-with-a-new-mechanism-of-action
#18
Fuqiang Ban, Kush Dalal, Huifang Li, Eric LeBlanc, Paul S Rennie, Artem Cherkasov
Small-molecule drug design is a complex and iterative decision-making process relying on pre-existing knowledge and driven by experimental data. Low-molecular-weight chemicals represent an attractive therapeutic option, as they are readily accessible to organic synthesis and can easily be characterized.1 Their potency as well as pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties can be systematically and rationally investigated and ultimately optimized via expert science behind medicinal chemistry and methods of computer-aided drug design (CADD)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437310/neurobiological-consequences-of-early-painful-experience-basic-science-findings-and-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#19
Erin E Young, Amy DʼAgata, Dorothy Vittner, Kyle M Baumbauer
As healthcare teams have worked to improve infant survival rates, the management of painful events experienced by these hospitalized neonates has increased and yet pain management remains highly variable between healthcare institutions. At the same time, emerging evidence suggests that these early painful experiences may alter the trajectory of development for pain-processing pathways both peripherally and centrally. This concise review highlights findings from both the basic and clinical science literature supporting the hypothesis that early painful experiences can have long-lasting negative effects on biological, psychological, and socioemotional functions...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435745/a-consult-service-to-support-and-promote-community-based-research-tracking-and-evaluating-a-community-based-research-consult-service
#20
Clara M Pelfrey, Katrice D Cain, Mary Ellen Lawless, Earl Pike, Ashwini R Sehgal
PURPOSE: This study describes the design, operation and evaluation of a community-based research (CBR) consult service within the setting of a Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) institution. To our knowledge, there are no published evaluations of a CBR consult service at a CTSA hub. METHODS: A community-based research Consult Service was created to support faculty, health care providers/research coordinators, trainees, community-based organizations and community members...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
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