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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445220/catalyzing-interdisciplinary-research-and-training-initial-outcomes-and-evolution-of-the-affinity-research-collaboratives-model
#1
Katya Ravid, Francesca Seta, David Center, Gloria Waters, David Coleman
Team science has been recognized as critical to solving increasingly complex biomedical problems and advancing discoveries in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human disease. In 2009, the Evans Center for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research (ECIBR) was established in the Department of Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine as a new organizational paradigm to promote interdisciplinary team science. The ECIBR is made up of affinity research collaboratives (ARCs), consisting of investigators from different departments and disciplines who come together to study biomedical problems that are relevant to human disease and not under interdisciplinary investigation at the university...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443273/utilizing-the-plan-do-study-act-framework-to-explore-the-process-of-curricular-assessment-and-redesign-in-a-physical-therapy-education-program-in-suriname
#2
Jennifer Gail Audette, Se-Sergio Baldew, Tony C M S Chang, Jessica de Vries, Nancy Ho A Tham, Johanna Janssen, Andre Vyt
PURPOSE: To describe how a multinational team worked together to transition a physical therapy (PT) educational program in Paramaribo, Suriname, from a Bachelor level to a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MSPT) level. The team was made up of PT faculty from Anton De Kom Universiteit van Suriname (AdeKUS), the Flemish Interuniversity Council University Development Cooperation (VLIR-UOS) leadership, and Health Volunteers Overseas volunteers. In this case study, the process for curricular assessment, redesign, and upgrade is described retrospectively using a Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) framework...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441481/best-practices-of-computer-aided-drug-discovery-cadd-lessons-learned-from-the-development-of-a-preclinical-candidate-for-prostate-cancer-with-a-new-mechanism-of-action
#3
Fuqiang Ban, Kush Dalal, Huifang Li, Eric LeBlanc, Paul S Rennie, Artem Cherkasov
Small-molecule drug design is a complex and iterative decision-making process relying on pre-existing knowledge and driven by experimental data. Low molecular weight chemicals represent an attractive therapeutic option as they are readily accessible to organic synthesis and can easily be characterized.1 Their potency, as well as pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties can be systematically and rationally investigated, and ultimately optimized via expert science behind medicinal chemistry and methods of computer-aided drug design (CADD)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437310/neurobiological-consequences-of-early-painful-experience-basic-science-findings-and-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#4
Erin E Young, Amy DʼAgata, Dorothy Vittner, Kyle M Baumbauer
As healthcare teams have worked to improve infant survival rates, the management of painful events experienced by these hospitalized neonates has increased and yet pain management remains highly variable between healthcare institutions. At the same time, emerging evidence suggests that these early painful experiences may alter the trajectory of development for pain-processing pathways both peripherally and centrally. This concise review highlights findings from both the basic and clinical science literature supporting the hypothesis that early painful experiences can have long-lasting negative effects on biological, psychological, and socioemotional functions...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435745/a-consult-service-to-support-and-promote-community-based-research-tracking-and-evaluating-a-community-based-research-consult-service
#5
Clara M Pelfrey, Katrice D Cain, Mary Ellen Lawless, Earl Pike, Ashwini R Sehgal
PURPOSE: This study describes the design, operation and evaluation of a community-based research (CBR) consult service within the setting of a Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) institution. To our knowledge, there are no published evaluations of a CBR consult service at a CTSA hub. METHODS: A community-based research Consult Service was created to support faculty, health care providers/research coordinators, trainees, community-based organizations and community members...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435417/the-evolution-of-an-interprofessional-shared-decision-making-research-program-reflective-case-study-of-an-emerging-paradigm
#6
Maman Joyce Dogba, Matthew Menear, Dawn Stacey, Nathalie Brière, France Légaré
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare research increasingly focuses on interprofessional collaboration and on shared decision making, but knowledge gaps remain about effective strategies for implementing interprofessional collaboration and shared decision-making together in clinical practice. We used Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions to reflect on how an integrated interprofessional shared decision-making approach was developed and implemented over time. METHODS: In 2007, an interdisciplinary team initiated a new research program to promote the implementation of an interprofessional shared decision-making approach in clinical settings...
July 19, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434918/forming-and-activating-an-internal-facilitation-group-for-successful-implementation-a-qualitative-study
#7
Megan B McCullough, Chris Gillespie, Beth Ann Petrakis, Ellen A Jones, Angela M Park, Carol VanDeusen Lukas, Adam J Rose
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on an implementation facilitation strategy to improve the delivery of anticoagulation care within pharmacy-run clinics across 8 Veterans Health Administration (VA) medical centers. Other studies have explored various models of implementation facilitation, including external facilitation (EF), internal facilitation (IF), and blended facilitation (BF) combining both approaches. This study focuses on the use of an internal facilitation team of anticoagulation coordinators representing 8 VA anticoagulation clinics to enhance the implementation process...
April 9, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426957/emerging-global-initiatives-in-neurogenetics-the-enhancing-neuroimaging-genetics-through-meta-analysis-enigma-consortium
#8
Carrie E Bearden, Paul M Thompson
The Enhancing Neuroimaging Genetics through Meta-analysis (ENIGMA) Consortium is a global team science effort, now including over 800 scientists spread across 340 institutions in 35 countries, with the shared goal of understanding disease and genetic influences on the brain. This "crowdsourcing" approach to team neuroscience has unprecedented power for advancing our understanding of both typical and atypical human brain development.
April 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#9
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#10
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423471/career-cartography-from-stories-to-science-and-scholarship
#11
Deleise S Wilson, Marie-Anne S Rosemberg, Moira Visovatti, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Suzanne Feetham
PURPOSE: To present four case scenarios reflecting the process of research career development using career cartography. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCTS: Career cartography is a novel approach that enables nurses, from all clinical and academic settings, to actively engage in a process that maximizes their clinical, teaching, research, and policy contributions that can improve patient outcomes and the health of the public. METHODS: Four early-career nurse researchers applied the career cartography framework to describe their iterative process of research career development...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417229/a-research-agenda-for-the-european-association-for-endoscopic-surgeons-eaes
#12
Nader Francis, Airazat M Kazaryan, Andrea Pietrabissa, David Goitein, Eugenia Yiannakopoulou, Ferdinando Agresta, Igor Khatkov, Svend Schulze, Tan Arulampalam, Victor Tomulescu, Young-Woo Kim, Eduardo Mª Targarona, Giovanni Zaninotto
INTRODUCTION: The European Association of Endoscopic Surgeons (EAES) conducted this study aiming to identify the top research questions which are relevant to surgeons in Minimal Access Surgery (MAS). This is in order to promote and link research questions to the current clinical practice in MAS in Europe. METHODS: Using a systematic methodology, (modified Delphi), the EAES members and leadership teams were surveyed to obtain consensus on the top research priorities in MAS...
April 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406566/how-did-the-pelvis-and-vertebral-column-become-a-functional-unit-during-the-transition-from-occasional-to-permanent-bipedalism
#13
Christine Tardieu, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Martin Haeusler
The functional linkage between pelvis and spine remained long hidden to science. Here, we recount the history of research that led in 1992 to the discovery of the "angle of sacral incidence" by the team of G. Duval-Beaupère. This angle, formed between a ray from the hip joint center to the superior sacral surface and the perpendicular to the sacral surface, was later called pelvic incidence. Specific to each individual, pelvic incidence is tightly correlated with the degree of lumbar lordosis. It is each individual's "signature" for an efficient sagittal balance since it represents the sum of two positional parameters, sacral slope and pelvic tilt...
May 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395845/complementary-feeding-at-4-versus-6-months-of-age-for-preterm-infants-born-at-less-than-34-weeks-of-gestation-a-randomised-open-label-multicentre-trial
#14
Shuchita Gupta, Ramesh Agarwal, Kailash Chandra Aggarwal, Harish Chellani, Anil Duggal, Sugandha Arya, Sunita Bhatia, Mari Jeeva Sankar, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Vandana Jain, Arun Kumar Gupta, Ashok K Deorari, Vinod K Paul
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the optimal time to initiation of complementary feeding in preterm infants is scarce. We examined the effect of initiation of complementary feeding at 4 months versus 6 months of corrected age on weight for age at 12 months corrected age in preterm infants less than 34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In this open-label, randomised trial, we enrolled infants born at less than 34 weeks of gestation with no major malformation from three public health facilities in India...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394156/the-readiness-for-integrated-care-questionnaire-ricq-an-instrument-to-assess-readiness-to-integrate-behavioral-health-and-primary-care
#15
Victoria C Scott, Tara Kenworthy, Erin Godly-Reynolds, Gilberte Bastien, Jonathan Scaccia, Courtney McMickens, Sharon Rachel, Sayon Cooper, Glenda Wrenn, Abraham Wandersman
Integration of behavioral health and primary care services is a promising approach for reducing health disparities. The growing national emphasis on care coordination has mobilized efforts to integrate behavioral health and primary care services across the United States. These efforts align with broader health care system goals of improving health care quality, health equity, utilization efficiency, and patient outcomes. Drawing from our work on a multiyear integrated care initiative (Integrated Care Leadership Program; ICLP) and an implementation science heuristic for organizational readiness (Readiness = Motivation x General Capacity and Innovation-Specific Capacity; R = MC2), this article describes the development and implementation of a tool to assess organizational readiness for integrated care, referred to as the Readiness for Integrated Care Questionnaire (RICQ)...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385346/timing-of-surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-a-phase-3-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Walter P Weber, Edin Mujagic, Marcel Zwahlen, Marcel Bundi, Henry Hoffmann, Savas D Soysal, Marko Kraljević, Tarik Delko, Marco von Strauss, Lukas Iselin, Richard X Sousa Da Silva, Jasmin Zeindler, Rachel Rosenthal, Heidi Misteli, Christoph Kindler, Peter Müller, Ramon Saccilotto, Andrea Kopp Lugli, Mark Kaufmann, Lorenz Gürke, Daniel Oertli, Evelin Bucheli-Laffer, Julia Landin, Andreas F Widmer, Christoph A Fux, Walter R Marti
BACKGROUND: Based on observational studies, administration of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) for the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) is recommended within 60 min before incision. However, the precise optimum timing is unknown. This trial compared early versus late administration of SAP before surgery. METHODS: In this phase 3 randomised controlled superiority trial, we included general surgery adult inpatients (age ≥18 years) at two Swiss hospitals in Basel and Aarau...
April 3, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379087/uncover-it-students-would-learn-leadership-from-team-based-learning-tbl-the-effect-of-guided-reflection-and-feedback
#17
Maryam Alizadeh, Azim Mirzazadeh, Dean X Parmelee, Elizabeth Peyton, Leila Janani, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Saharnaz Nedjat
CONTEXT: Little is known about best practices for teaching and learning leadership through Team-Based learning™ (TBL™) with medical students. We hypothesized that guided reflection and feedback would improve shared leadership and shared leadership capacity, and enhance team decision quality in TBL teams. We used the Kolb experiential learning theory as the theoretical framework. METHOD: The study was conducted at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Three TBL sessions with 206 students (39 teams) participated in the study...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377684/data-day-to-day-building-a-community-of-expertise-to-address-data-skills-gaps-in-an-academic-medical-center
#18
Alisa Surkis, Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla, Nicole Contaxis, Kevin B Read
BACKGROUND: The New York University Health Sciences Library data services team had developed educational material for research data management and data visualization and had been offering classes at the request of departments, research groups, and training programs, but many members of the medical center were unaware of these library data services. There were also indications of data skills gaps in these subject areas and other data-related topics. CASE PRESENTATION: The data services team enlisted instructors from across the medical center with data expertise to teach in a series of classes hosted by the library...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370433/broader-concepts-of-quality-of-life-measurement-encompassing-validation
#19
REVIEW
A Y Finlay
Developing and managing measures of quality of life (QoL) require attention to a range of broader concepts, in addition to meeting validation requirements. The aim of this review is to describe development and experience in Cardiff of these concepts and to inform users of Cardiff quality of life tools of aspects of their origin, for the benefit of developers of novel QoL measures or other patient reported outcome measures. Publications from the Cardiff team over the last three decades are used to illustrate descriptions of concepts involved in developing and managing QoL measures...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365547/hospitalizations-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-across-primary-care-models-in-ontario-canada
#20
Maude Laberge, Walter P Wodchis, Jan Barnsley, Audrey Laporte
The study analyzes the relationship between the risk of a hospitalization for an ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC), and the primary care payment and the organizational model used by the patient (fee-for-service, enhanced fee-for-service, blended capitation, blended capitation with interdisciplinary teams). The study used linked patient-level health administrative databases and census data housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Ontario. Since the province provides universal health care, the data capture all patients in Ontario, Canada's most populous province, with about 13 million inhabitants...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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