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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261860/follow-up-with-callers-to-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline-evaluation-of-callers-perceptions-of-care
#1
Madelyn S Gould, Alison M Lake, Hanga Galfalvy, Marjorie Kleinman, Jimmie Lou Munfakh, James Wright, Richard McKeon
Continuity of care for suicidal individuals engaged with a variety of health and mental health care systems has become a national priority, and crisis hotlines are increasingly playing a part in the risk management and continuum of care for these individuals. The current study evaluated a national initiative to have crisis centers in the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline network provide follow-up care to suicidal callers. Data were obtained from 550 callers followed by 41 crisis counselors from 6 centers...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248838/family-based-crisis-intervention-with-suicidal-adolescents-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Elizabeth A Wharff, Katherine B Ginnis, Abigail M Ross, Erina M White, Matthew T White, Peter W Forbes
OBJECTIVE: In current practice, treatment as usual (TAU) for suicidal adolescents includes evaluation, with little or no intervention provided in the emergency department (ED), and disposition, usually to an inpatient psychiatry unit. The family-based crisis intervention (FBCI) is an emergency psychiatry intervention designed to sufficiently stabilize suicidal adolescents within a single ED visit so that they may return home safely with their families. The objective of this article is to report efficacy outcomes related to FBCI for suicidal adolescents and their families...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238615/suicide-unemployment-and-economic-recession-in-spain
#3
Celso Iglesias-García, Pilar A Sáiz, Patricia Burón, Fernando Sánchez-Lasheras, Luis Jiménez-Treviño, Sergio Fernández-Artamendi, Susana Al-Halabí, Paul Corcoran, M Paz García-Portilla, Julio Bobes
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present work is to determine the association between unemployment and suicide, and to investigate whether this association is affected by changes in the economic cycle or other variables such as age and sex. METHODS: A time-trend analysis was conducted to study changes in the number of suicides between 1999 and 2013 in Spain. Pearson's correlation coefficients and regression models were used to find the association between unemployment and suicide...
February 23, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#4
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212579/suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-cancer-inpatients-of-general-hospitals-prevalence-and-correlates
#5
Bao-Liang Zhong, Si-Heng Li, Shu-Yan Lv, Shun-Li Tian, Zhi-Dong Liu, Xu-Bin Li, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Ran Tao, Wei Zhang, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
Cancer patients are at high risk for suicide, particularly when they are informed about the cancer diagnosis or hospitalized for cancer treatment. Therefore, oncology healthcare settings such as large general hospitals in China, may represent an ideal setting to identify and treat suicidality in cancer patients. However, the clinical epidemiology of suicidality of Chinese cancer patients remains largely unknown. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Chinese cancer inpatients of large general hospitals...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212195/suicide-in-guyana-nurses-perspectives
#6
Maureen Anthony, Carla Groh, Jean Gash
Guyana, an English-speaking country on the north coast of South America, has the highest suicide rate in the world. Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team working with patients experiencing psychological distress and are uniquely qualified to add to the discourse on factors contributing to the high suicide rate in Guyana. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and experiences of nurses and nurse assistants in Guyana related to suicide. Nine registered nurses and nurse assistants who worked at a private hospital in Georgetown, Guyana, were recruited to participate in a focus group...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142085/effect-of-crisis-response-planning-vs-contracts-for-safety-on-suicide-risk-in-u-s-army-soldiers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Craig J Bryan, Jim Mintz, Tracy A Clemans, Bruce Leeson, T Scott Burch, Sean R Williams, Emily Maney, M David Rudd
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of crisis response planning for the prevention of suicide attempts. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial of active duty Army Soldiers (N=97) at Fort Carson, Colorado, presenting for an emergency behavioral health appointment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a contract for safety, a standard crisis response plan, or an enhanced crisis response plan. Incidence of suicide attempts during follow-up was assessed with the Suicide Attempt Self-Injury Interview...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132001/safe-clinical-practice-for-patients-hospitalised-in-a-suicidal-crisis-a-study-protocol-for-a-qualitative-case-study
#8
Siv Hilde Berg, Kristine Rørtveit, Fredrik A Walby, Karina Aase
INTRODUCTION: Suicide prevention in psychiatric care is arguably complex and incompletely understood as a patient safety issue. A resilient healthcare approach provides perspectives through which to understand this complexity by understanding everyday clinical practice. By including suicidal patients and healthcare professionals as sources of knowledge, a deeper understanding of what constitutes safe clinical practice can be achieved. METHODS: This planned study aims to adopt the perspective of resilient healthcare to provide a deeper understanding of safe clinical practice for suicidal patients in psychiatric inpatient care...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118906/suicide-in-indigenous-australians-a-catastrophic-crisis
#9
Sophie Cousins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118267/determinants-of-suicidality-and-of-treatment-modalities-in-a-community-psychiatry-sample-of-asylum-seekers
#10
Natacha Premand, Rachel Baeriswyl-Cottin, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Nikol Hiller, David Framorando, Ariel Eytan, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Javier Bartolomei
A high prevalence of mental illness has been reported in asylum seekers. The present cross-sectional study examined suicidal thoughts, treatment modalities (outpatient crisis intervention, inpatient care), and their determinants in asylum seekers (n = 119) and permanent residents (n = 120) attending the same outpatient clinic in Geneva, Switzerland. The most frequent diagnoses were depressive disorders (64.7%) and posttraumatic stress disorder (34.5%) in asylum seekers and psychotic (55.0%) and depressive disorders (33...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114936/suicidal-patients-experiences-regarding-their-safety-during-psychiatric-in-patient-care-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#11
Siv Hilde Berg, Kristine Rørtveit, Karina Aase
BACKGROUND: In-patient suicide prevention is a high priority in many countries, but its practice remains poorly understood. Patients in a suicidal crisis who receive psychiatric care can provide valuable insight into understanding and improving patient safety. The aim of this paper was therefore to summarize the qualitative literature regarding suicidal patients' in-patient care experiences. The following question guided the review: How can we describe suicidal patients' experiences regarding safety during psychiatric in-patient care? METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, SOCINDEX and PsycINFO databases, identifying 20 qualitative studies on suicidal patients and their psychiatric in-patient care experiences...
January 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107615/suicide-attempts-and-their-interrelation-with-the-economic-crisis-in-chania-greece-a-time-series-analysis-of-the-period-2008-2015
#12
Emmanouil S Benioudakis, Vyronas Lykiardopoulos, Vaggelis Georgiou, Maria D Archontaki, Alexandra Tsourounaki, Georgia Botonaki, Aikaterini Batzou, Tsampikos Symiakos, Theodora Seliniotaki, Athanasios Armagos, Aikaterini Pentari, Konstantinos Moiradorakis, Eleanna Darakis, Maria Melissari-Tzanakaki
Background: Greece has been in the grip of a severe economic crisis since 2008. It is well known that suicide attempts and actual suicides increase during periods of recession and austerity. The main aim of this study was to examine the economic crisis in relation to recorded suicide attempts in Chania, Greece, from 2008 to 2015, also taking unemployment rates into consideration. Methods: During the research period from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2015, 436 suicide attempts (females: n = 305 and males: n = 131) were recorded in the archives of the General Hospital of Chania...
January 19, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103062/academic-public-health-and-the-firearm-crisis-an-agenda-for-action
#13
Charles C Branas, Andrew Flescher, Margaret K Formica, Sandro Galea, Nils Hennig, Karen D Liller, Hala N Madanat, Andrew Park, John E Rosenthal, Jun Ying
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100114/borderline-personality-disorder-and-the-ethics-of-risk-management
#14
Dan Warrender
Patients with borderline personality disorder are frequent users of inpatient mental health units, with inpatient crisis intervention often used based on the risk of suicide. However, this can present an ethical dilemma for nursing and medical staff, with these clinician responses shifting between the moral principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, dependent on the outcomes of the actions of containing or tolerating risk. This article examines the use of crisis intervention through moral duties, intentions and consequences, culminating in an action/consequence model of risk management, used to explore potential outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096870/the-economic-crisis-in-greece-and-its-impact-on-the-seasonality-of-suicides-in-the-athens-greater-area
#15
Christos Christodoulou, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Maria Gkerekou, Antonios Paraschakis, Filippos Koutsaftis, Athanassios Douzenis
OBJECTIVE: The economic crisis and the implementation of austerity measures in Greece lead to significant socioeconomic changes. The effects of the crisis were mainly felt by the Greek population during the years 2011 and 2012. This study aimed to investigate the impact of Greece's economic crisis on the seasonality of suicides in the Athens Greater Area. METHODS: Data were collected for all recorded cases of suicides committed over a 5-year period (from 2008 to 2012) from the Athens Department of Forensic Medicine...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049081/suicidality-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-experience-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#16
C W Slotema, M B A Niemantsverdriet, J D Blom, M van der Gaag, H W Hoek, I E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: In patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), about 22-50% experience auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). However, the impact of these hallucinations on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, crisis-service interventions, and hospital admissions is unknown. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected with the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus, as well as from the medical records of a convenience sample of outpatients fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for BPD...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031590/role-of-demographic-and-personality-factors-in-mediating-vulnerability-to-suicide-attempts-under-intoxication-with-alcohol-a-record-based-exploratory-study
#17
Shivanand Kattimani, Vikas Menon, Siddharth Sarkar, Anand Babu Arun, Penchilaiya Venkatalakshmi
BACKGROUND: Identifying those who are likely to make suicide attempts under alcohol intoxication has important implications for management and prevention of further suicidal behavior. AIMS: To identify the frequency of suicide attempts made under the influence of alcohol and the percentage of impulsive suicide attempts among them. We also aimed to identify predictors of attempted suicide under intoxication with alcohol. SETTING AND DESIGN: Record-based study carried out at a tertiary care hospital...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031581/suicide-in-india-distinct-epidemiological-patterns-and-implications
#18
REVIEW
Starlin Vijay Mythri, Johann Alex Ebenezer
Suicide is a societal crisis which also deeply impacts the personal and family realms. Indian suicidal data present distinctive epidemiological patterns when we compare it with the global suicide rates and trends. Higher proportions of young individuals are resorting to suicide compared to any other country in the world, and Indian suicide rates, especially South Indian rates, are one of the highest in the world. In this article, we present various historical aspects and theories of Indian suicide and review of available Indian research from various sources such as community, hospitals, schools and forensic settings...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009694/can-emergency-department-hospital-discharge-and-death-data-be-used-to-monitor-burden-of-drug-overdose-in-rhode-island
#19
Yongwen Jiang, James V McDonald, Jennifer Koziol, Meghan McCormick, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: Drug overdoses are a growing public health problem in the United States. Rhode Island is also confronted with a serious epidemic of drug overdose deaths and ranks sixth worst in the United States for age-adjusted drug overdose death rate. OBJECTIVE: To monitor trends of drug overdose-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths and classify the drug overdoses by demographics, discharge status, intent, and specific drug involved to plan for health care resource allocation, mental health services, drug abuse treatment, prevention, and policies...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984159/spectroscopy-markers-of-suicidal-risk-and-mental-pain-in-depressed-patients
#20
Fabrice Jollant, Jamie Near, Gustavo Turecki, Stéphane Richard-Devantoy
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior has been associated with structural and functional impairments in neuroimaging studies, mainly localized in the prefrontal cortex. However, little is known of the in vivo biochemical alterations that could be markers of suicidal risk. METHODS: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure at-rest levels of 9 metabolites (glutamate, glutamine, glutathione, GABA, N-acetylaspartate (NAA), N-acetylaspartylglutamate, myo-inositol, aspartate, total choline), in the right dorsal prefrontal cortex of 25 unmedicated depressed patients, including 15 with a history of suicidal behavior, and 33 healthy controls...
October 27, 2016: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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