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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096910/-french-translation-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-suicide-intervention-response-inventory-2-siri-2-vf
#1
C Kopp-Bigault, Y Audouard-Marzin, P Scouarnec, G Beauchamp, M Séguin, M Walter
OBJECTIVES: Training health professionals about suicidal crisis is one major line of suicide prevention worldwide. France has one of the highest suicide rates in Europe, and although crisis intervention training has been set up since 2001, there presently is no training assessment tool in the French language for health professionals trained in suicide prevention. In the four levels of Kirpatrick's education pyramid, training that takes place in France today solely assesses level one status, that is to say relative to the level of satisfaction of participants (self-report)...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089008/specialized-police-based-mental-health-crisis-response-the-first-10-years-of-colorado-s-crisis-intervention-team-implementation
#2
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Attila C Denes, Diane M Pasini-Hill, Jeffrey C Santelli, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the implementation of crisis intervention teams by law enforcement agencies in Colorado. METHODS: Rates of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) use, arrests, use of force, and injuries were assessed during 6,353 incidents involving individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. Relationships among original complaint, psychiatric illness, substance abuse, violence risk, and disposition of crisis calls were analyzed. RESULTS: Rates of SWAT use (<1%), injuries (<1%), arrests (<5%), and use of force (<5%) were low...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072190/employment-insecurity-mental-health-and-suicide
#3
K N Fountoulakis
With the economic crisis an increase in suicidality has been reported across Europe but especially in Greece. Τhese reports hit the mass media headlines and were also included in the debate among political parties. The literature suggests that during periods of deep economic crisis, there is an increase specifically in suicides but causality remains unclear. The prevailing picture both in the scientific literature and in the mass media is that the economic crisis acts as a more or less generic risk factor on the entire population putting at risk literally anybody...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048496/short-run-and-long-run-effects-of-unemployment-on-suicides-does-welfare-regime-matter
#4
Pawel Gajewski, Kateryna Zhukovska
Background: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This study suggests a diverse impact of short- and long-run unemployment on suicides in liberal and social-democratic countries. Methods: We take a macro-level perspective and simultaneously estimate the short- and long-run relationships between unemployment and suicide, along with the speed of convergence towards the long-run relationship after a shock, in a panel of 10 high-income countries...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043154/taking-care-of-suicidal-patients-with-new-technologies-and-reaching-out-means-in-the-post-discharge-period
#5
REVIEW
Giulia Falcone, Adele Nardella, Dorian A Lamis, Denise Erbuto, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
Suicide is a global public health problem with over one million people dying by suicide each year worldwide. Research efforts have focused on developing and testing novel suicide prevention strategies employing recent technological advances. In order to provide a review regarding the role of new technologies (e.g., postcards/letters, text messages, crisis cards, telephone contacts, online interventions) in suicide prevention, we searched PubMed, ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, and Crisis to identify all papers in English from 1977 to 2016...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043091/hope-help-for-people-with-money-employment-benefit-or-housing-problems-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
M C Barnes, A M Haase, A M Bard, J L Donovan, R Davies, S Dursley, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R C O'Connor, W Hollingworth, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession. Factors including job loss, austerity measures, financial difficulties and house repossession contribute to the risk. Vulnerable individuals commonly experience difficulties in navigating the benefits system and in accessing the available sources of welfare and debt advice, and this contributes to their distress. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief psychosocial intervention (the "HOPE" service) for people presenting to hospital emergency departments (ED) following self-harm or in acute distress because of financial, employment, or welfare (benefit) difficulties...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040042/mental-health-first-aid-a-useful-tool-for-school-nurses
#7
Joy Atkins
School nurses address mental health issues of youth on a daily basis. These mental health issues include substance abuse, anxiety, depression, and even suicidal ideation. Mental health first aid is a process that seeks to help medical professionals and laypeople recognize and address someone that is having a mental health or substance abuse crisis. This article will describe an experience with a student having suicidal ideations and how the mental health action plan was used.
November 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021764/multicomponent-intervention-for-patients-admitted-to-an-emergency-unit-for-suicide-attempt-an-exploratory-study
#8
Sebastien Brovelli, Yves Dorogi, Adam-Scott Feiner, Philippe Golay, Friedrich Stiefel, Charles Bonsack, Laurent Michaud
Suicide is a major cause of premature deaths worldwide and belongs to the top priority public health issues. While suicide attempt is the most important risk factor for completed suicide, intervention for suicide attempters (SA) have produced mixed results. Since an important proportion of SA request medical care, emergency units (EU) are an opportune setting to implement such interventions. This exploratory study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of a multicomponent intervention for SA admitted to an EU...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990826/undergraduate-students-exposure-knowledge-utilization-and-intended-use-of-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline
#9
Amy S Hedman-Robertson
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among college students. Crisis hotlines play a role in linking suicidal individuals to help. Despite leading to favorable outcomes, low utilization of crisis outlines has been reported. AIMS: To explore exposure, knowledge, and utilization of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) among a sample of university students; to determine if knowledge and perceived helpfulness of NSPL predict intent to use NSPL. METHOD: The researcher surveyed 560 students attending a Midwestern university to assess knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the NSPL...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983959/countywide-implementation-of-crisis-intervention-teams-multiple-methods-measures-and-sustained-outcomes
#10
Sheryl Kubiak, Erin Comartin, Edita Milanovic, Deborah Bybee, Elizabeth Tillander, Celeste Rabaut, Heidi Bisson, Lisa M Dunn, Michael J Bouchard, Todd Hill, Steven Schneider
The crisis intervention team (CIT) is a tool that can be used to foster pre-booking diversion of individuals with mental illness from the criminal justice system and into community treatment services. Although CIT is often implemented solely as the training of law enforcement officers, the model stipulates that CIT is a vehicle for collaboration with community stakeholders who share a similar philosophy, as well as expanded mental health services offering a 24 hour-seven days per week drop-off option for law enforcement officers...
October 5, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978310/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-suicide-mortality-before-and-after-the-economic-recession-in-spain
#11
Carme Borrell, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Montse Calvo, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Xavier Bartoll, Santiago Esnaola
BACKGROUND: An increase in suicide mortality is often observed in economic recessions. The objective of this study was to analyse trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality before and during the economic recession in two geographical settings in Spain. METHODS: This study analyses inequalities in mortality according to educational level during 3 different time periods based on individual data from the Basque Country and Barcelona city. We analysed suicide mortality data for all residents over 25 years of age from 2001 to 2012...
October 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972489/-psychotherapeutic-interventions-in-patients-with-auto-aggressive-behavior-during-the-first-psychotic-episode
#12
I Mudrenko, A Potapov, D Sotnikov, O Kolenko, A Kmyta
In this article the formation of psychopathological predictors auto-aggressive behavior in patients with a first psychotic episode were identified, which became "targets" in the framework of a comprehensive emergency suicide assistance to conduct the crisis psychotherapy. The work was done on the basis of the Sumy regional psychoneurologic dispensary, where 100 patients with a first psychotic episode were examined: 52 of them (core group) had suicidal symptoms and 48 (control group) had not. According to the test results of severity of auto-aggressive predictors (pre-suicidal syndrome) to clinicopsychopathological predictors of auto-aggressive behavior include: the narrowing of the cognitive function (p≤0,001), the avoidance of interpersonal contact (r≤0,001), the presence of affective (p≤0,001) and vegetative (p≤0,01) violations, the autoaggression of moderate severity (p≤0,001) and impulsivity (p≤0,001)...
September 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972358/-epidemiological-study-of-suicide-in-khuzestan-province-south-west-of-iran-during-2011-to-2014
#13
Changiz Rostami, Khodabakhsh Karami, Salman Daliri, Afsaneh Mardani, Firouzeh Narimisa
Aim of the study: Suicide is a worldwide major public health problem. This study was carried out in Khuzestan province for the examination of the epidemiology of suicide. Material and methods: This is a descriptive-cross-sectional study on epidemiology of suicide in 23 township of Khuzestan provinces, during 2011 to 2014. Data were collected from records in Mental Health Units in Khuzestan Province which has located in South West of Iran. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS-22 software. Results: from 11180 recorded suicides, about 60% were female and about 40% were male...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969441/the-effect-of-a-single-dose-of-intravenous-ketamine-on-suicidal-ideation-a-systematic-review-and-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#14
Samuel T Wilkinson, Elizabeth D Ballard, Michael H Bloch, Sanjay J Mathew, James W Murrough, Adriana Feder, Peter Sos, Gang Wang, Carlos A Zarate, Gerard Sanacora
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a public health crisis with limited treatment options. The authors conducted a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis examining the effects of a single dose of ketamine on suicidal ideation. METHOD: Individual participant data were obtained from 10 of 11 identified comparison intervention studies that used either saline or midazolam as a control treatment. The analysis included only participants who had suicidal ideation at baseline (N=167)...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967323/effect-of-crisis-response-planning-on-patient-mood-and-clinician-decision-making-a-clinical-trial-with-suicidal-u-s-soldiers
#15
Craig J Bryan, Jim Mintz, Tracy A Clemans, T Scott Burch, Bruce Leeson, Sean Williams, M David Rudd
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the immediate effect of crisis interventions on the emotional state of acutely suicidal soldiers and clinician decision making. METHODS: Soldiers (N=97) presenting to a military emergency department or behavioral health clinic were randomly assigned to receive a contract for safety (N=32), standard crisis response plan (S-CRP; N=32), or enhanced crisis response plan (E-CRP; N=33). Soldiers completed self-report scales before and after the intervention...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921761/risk-factors-leading-to-increased-rehospitalization-rates-among-adolescents-admitted-to-an-acute-care-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-hospital
#16
Logan McCarthy, Lisa M Pullen, Jennifer Savage, Jonathan Cayce
PROBLEM: Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents in the United States, with suicidal behavior peaking in adolescence. Suicidal and self-harming behavior is often chronic, with an estimated 15-30% of adolescents who attempt suicide having a second suicide attempt within a year. The focus of acute psychiatric hospitalization is on stabilization of these psychiatric symptoms resulting at times in premature discharge. Finding from studies based on high rehospitalization rates among adolescents admitted to an acute psychiatric hospital indicates that adolescents continue to experience crisis upon discharge from an acute psychiatric hospital, leading to the question of whether or not these adolescents are being discharged prematurely...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877695/methodological-barriers-to-studying-the-association-between-the-economic-crisis-and-suicide-in-spain
#17
Javier Alvarez-Galvez, Jose A Salinas-Perez, María Luisa Rodero-Cosano, Luis Salvador-Carulla
BACKGROUND: The hypothetical relationship between economic recession and the increase in suicides in Spain is subject to various arguments. In addition to the inherent complexity of capturing and explaining the underlining mechanisms that could describe this causal link, different points of contention have been be identified. The period of this association and its possible starting points, the socioeconomic determinants that may explain the variation in suicide rate, and the data sources available are the main focus of controversy...
September 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845863/-clinical-interview-in-psychiatric-difficult-situations
#18
Liliana Lorettu, Gian Carlo Nivoli, Paolo Milia, Cristiano Depalmas, Massimo Clerici, Alessandra M A Nivoli
There are here described a number of basic principles underlying an effective clinical interview in psychiatric difficult situations (violent or suicidal patients, victims of serious physical and psychological damages, authors of inadequate or anti-social requests to the therapist). The aim of the present study is to provide the psychiatric operator with useful skills for the optimal management of the interview in difficult situations both at diagnostically and therapeutically level. The methodology was based on examination of the literature and personal experience of the authors...
July 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838574/teen-suicide-fanning-the-flames-of-a-public-health-crisis
#19
EDITORIAL
Vera Feuer, Jennifer Havens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836484/the-influence-of-crisis-resolution-treatment-on-employment-a-retrospective-register-based-comparative-study
#20
Emely Ek Blæhr, Jacob Vagner Madsen, Nanna Limskov Stærk Christiansen, Pia Vedel Ankersen
Crisis resolution treatment (CRT) is a short-term acute psychiatric home-based treatment offered as an alternative to hospitalization. The purpose of CRT is to support patient recovery by maintaining and improving competencies in relation to everyday life. Individuals with mental disorders are at increased risk of leaving the labor market, which is a central aspect of everyday life. Thus, a primary outcome of interest is whether CRT enables higher employment compared with traditional hospitalization. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of CRT compared with hospitalization in relation to attempted or committed suicides, admissions, readmissions and employment...
August 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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