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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322361/homelessness-mental-health-and-suicidality-among-lgbtq-youth-accessing-crisis-services
#1
Harmony Rhoades, Joshua A Rusow, David Bond, Amy Lanteigne, Anthony Fulginiti, Jeremy T Goldbach
LGBTQ youth experience increased risks of homelessness, mental health disorder symptoms, and suicidality. Utilizing data from LGBTQ youth contacting a suicide crisis services organization, this study examined: (a) rates of homelessness among crisis services users, (b) the relationship between disclosure of LGBTQ identity to parents and parental rejection and homelessness, and (c) the relationship between homelessness and mental health disorder outcomes and suicidality. A nationwide sample of LGBTQ youth was recruited for a confidential online survey from an LGBTQ-focused crisis services hotline...
January 10, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321126/toward-mhealth-brief-contact-interventions-in-suicide-prevention-case-series-from-the-suicide-intervention-assisted-by-messages-siam-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sofian Berrouiguet, Mark Erik Larsen, Catherine Mesmeur, Michel Gravey, Romain Billot, Michel Walter, Christophe Lemey, Philippe Lenca
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that maintaining contact either via letter or postcard with at-risk adults following discharge from care services after a suicide attempt (SA) can reduce reattempt risk. Pilot studies have demonstrated that interventions using mobile health (mHealth) technologies are feasible in a suicide prevention setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report three cases of patients recruited in the Suicide Intervention Assisted by Messages (SIAM) study to describe how a mobile intervention may influence follow-up...
January 10, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311249/engaging-families-in-the-management-of-adolescent-self-harm
#3
REVIEW
Shilpa Aggarwal, George Patton
Adolescent self-harm is an emerging public health challenge. It is associated with later psychiatric and substance use disorders, unemployment and suicide. Family interventions have been effective in a range of adolescent mental health problems and for that reason were reviewed for their effectiveness in the management of adolescent self-harm. The search identified 10 randomised and 2 non-randomised controlled trial conducted in the high-income countries. For the most part the evidence is of low quality. The interventions were classified as brief single session, intermediate-level and intensive family interventions depending on the intensity and duration of treatment...
January 8, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310622/entrapment-as-a-mediator-of-suicide-crises
#4
Shuang Li, Zimri S Yaseen, Hae-Joon Kim, Jessica Briggs, Molly Duffy, Anna Frechette-Hagan, Lisa J Cohen, Igor I Galynker
BACKGROUND: Prior research has validated the construct of a suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), a specific psychological state that precedes and may precipitate suicidal behavior. The feeling of entrapment is a central concept of the SCS as well as of several other recent models of suicide. However, its exact relationship with suicidality is not fully understood. In efforts to clarify the exact role of entrapment in the suicidal process, we have examined if entrapment mediates the relationship of other components of the SCS, including ruminative flooding, panic-dissociation, fear of dying and emotional pain, with suicidal ideation (SI) in recently hospitalized psychiatric inpatients...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216753/the-impact-of-safety-plans-in-an-outpatient-clinic
#5
Jess Zonana, Jessica Simberlund, Paul Christos
BACKGROUND: Safety plans are recommended as tools to mitigate suicide risk; however, their effectiveness remains unclear. AIM: To evaluate the impact of safety plans on patient care at an outpatient mental health clinic. METHOD: In this retrospective chart review, patients' treatment engagement, health-care utilization, and risk behaviors were measured. Patients served as their own historical controls, and we compared outcomes in the 6 months before and 6 months after creation of safety plans...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199945/evaluating-mental-health-service-use-during-and-after-emergency-department-visits-in-a-multisite-cohort-of-canadian-children-and-youth
#6
Mario Cappelli, Paula Cloutier, Amanda S Newton, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Samina Ali, Kathryn A Dong, Clare Gray, Allison Kennedy, John S Lyons, Christine Polihronis, Rhonda J Rosychuk
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the mental health needs of children and youth who present to the emergency department (ED) for mental health care and to describe the type of, and satisfaction with, follow-up mental health services accessed. METHODS: A 6-month to 1.5-year prospective cohort study was conducted in three Canadian pediatric EDs and one general ED, with a 1-month follow-up post-ED discharge. Measures included 1) clinician rating of mental health needs, 2) patient and caregiver self-reports of follow-up services, and 3) interviews regarding follow-up satisfaction...
December 4, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185154/counseling-on-access-to-lethal-means-calm-an-evaluation-of-a-suicide-prevention-means-restriction-training-program-for-mental-health-providers
#7
Elizabeth Sale, Michelle Hendricks, Virginia Weil, Collin Miller, Scott Perkins, Suzanne McCudden
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the Counseling on Access to Lethal Means (CALM) suicide prevention program. CALM trains mental health providers how to counsel suicidal individuals and those who support them on mean restriction during times of crisis. Pre/post/3-month follow-up assessments measured knowledge of lethal means, confidence and comfort in discussing means restriction (self-efficacy), and future intentions to counsel clients on means restriction. Change in the number of clients receiving lethal means counseling was also assessed...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183243/telephone-crisis-support-workers-intentions-to-use-recommended-skills-while-experiencing-functional%C3%A2-impairment
#8
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Alan Woodward, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson
BACKGROUND: Empathic engagement with distressed others can lead to elevated symptoms of psychological distress and functional impairment, which preclude helping professionals' delivery of optimal patient care. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: This study examined the relationship between functional impairment and intentions to use recommended support skills in a representative national sample of 210 telephone crisis support workers...
November 29, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156786/suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-methadone-maintained-patients-prevalence-and-correlates
#9
Yan-Min Xu, Bao-Liang Zhong, Wen-Cai Chen, Jun-Hong Zhu, Jin Lu
Heroin users are at high risk for suicide. However, the epidemiological profile of suicidal behaviors in Chinese methadone-maintained patients remains largely unknown. This study determined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Chinese methadone-maintained patients. A total of 603 methadone-maintained patients were consecutively recruited from three methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in Wuhan, China, and administered with standardized questionnaires to collect sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological data...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143956/-intensive-home-treatment-a-first-observational-evaluation
#10
R A Gotink, G Bergsma, M T Hoogwegt, C L Mulder, A R Van Gool
Yulius intensive home treatment (iht) offers six weeks of home-care to psychiatric patients in crisis who would normally be hospitalised.<br/> AIM: To study patient characteristics and the content and outcomes of iht.<br/> METHOD: We followed the handling of 75 consecutive applications for iht. Details were recorded before and after admission to the treatment.<br/> RESULTS: Fifteen patients were referred in order to shorten the period of hospitalisation, and 60 were referred in order to prevent hospitalisation; 59 of the 75 persons admitted for the treatment received iht, and 41 patients finished the six-week module and provided follow-up data...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096910/-french-translation-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-suicide-intervention-response-inventory-2-siri-2-vf
#11
C Kopp-Bigault, Y Audouard-Marzin, P Scouarnec, G Beauchamp, M Séguin, M Walter
OBJECTIVES: Training health professionals about suicidal crisis is one major line of suicide prevention worldwide. France has one of the highest suicide rates in Europe, and although crisis intervention training has been set up since 2001, there presently is no training assessment tool in the French language for health professionals trained in suicide prevention. In the four levels of Kirpatrick's education pyramid, training that takes place in France today solely assesses level one status, that is to say relative to the level of satisfaction of participants (self-report)...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089008/specialized-police-based-mental-health-crisis-response-the-first-10-years-of-colorado-s-crisis-intervention-team-implementation
#12
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Attila C Denes, Diane M Pasini-Hill, Jeffrey C Santelli, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the implementation of crisis intervention teams by law enforcement agencies in Colorado. METHODS: Rates of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) use, arrests, use of force, and injuries were assessed during 6,353 incidents involving individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. Relationships among original complaint, psychiatric illness, substance abuse, violence risk, and disposition of crisis calls were analyzed. RESULTS: Rates of SWAT use (<1%), injuries (<1%), arrests (<5%), and use of force (<5%) were low...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072190/employment-insecurity-mental-health-and-suicide
#13
K N Fountoulakis
With the economic crisis an increase in suicidality has been reported across Europe but especially in Greece. Τhese reports hit the mass media headlines and were also included in the debate among political parties. The literature suggests that during periods of deep economic crisis, there is an increase specifically in suicides but causality remains unclear. The prevailing picture both in the scientific literature and in the mass media is that the economic crisis acts as a more or less generic risk factor on the entire population putting at risk literally anybody...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048496/short-run-and-long-run-effects-of-unemployment-on-suicides-does-welfare-regime-matter
#14
Pawel Gajewski, Kateryna Zhukovska
Background: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This study suggests a diverse impact of short- and long-run unemployment on suicides in liberal and social-democratic countries. Methods: We take a macro-level perspective and simultaneously estimate the short- and long-run relationships between unemployment and suicide, along with the speed of convergence towards the long-run relationship after a shock, in a panel of 10 high-income countries...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043154/taking-care-of-suicidal-patients-with-new-technologies-and-reaching-out-means-in-the-post-discharge-period
#15
REVIEW
Giulia Falcone, Adele Nardella, Dorian A Lamis, Denise Erbuto, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
Suicide is a global public health problem with over one million people dying by suicide each year worldwide. Research efforts have focused on developing and testing novel suicide prevention strategies employing recent technological advances. In order to provide a review regarding the role of new technologies (e.g., postcards/letters, text messages, crisis cards, telephone contacts, online interventions) in suicide prevention, we searched PubMed, ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, and Crisis to identify all papers in English from 1977 to 2016...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043091/hope-help-for-people-with-money-employment-benefit-or-housing-problems-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
M C Barnes, A M Haase, A M Bard, J L Donovan, R Davies, S Dursley, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R C O'Connor, W Hollingworth, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession. Factors including job loss, austerity measures, financial difficulties and house repossession contribute to the risk. Vulnerable individuals commonly experience difficulties in navigating the benefits system and in accessing the available sources of welfare and debt advice, and this contributes to their distress. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief psychosocial intervention (the "HOPE" service) for people presenting to hospital emergency departments (ED) following self-harm or in acute distress because of financial, employment, or welfare (benefit) difficulties...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040042/mental-health-first-aid-a-useful-tool-for-school-nurses
#17
Joy Atkins
School nurses address mental health issues of youth on a daily basis. These mental health issues include substance abuse, anxiety, depression, and even suicidal ideation. Mental health first aid is a process that seeks to help medical professionals and laypeople recognize and address someone that is having a mental health or substance abuse crisis. This article will describe an experience with a student having suicidal ideations and how the mental health action plan was used.
November 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021764/multicomponent-intervention-for-patients-admitted-to-an-emergency-unit-for-suicide-attempt-an-exploratory-study
#18
Sebastien Brovelli, Yves Dorogi, Adam-Scott Feiner, Philippe Golay, Friedrich Stiefel, Charles Bonsack, Laurent Michaud
Suicide is a major cause of premature deaths worldwide and belongs to the top priority public health issues. While suicide attempt is the most important risk factor for completed suicide, intervention for suicide attempters (SA) have produced mixed results. Since an important proportion of SA request medical care, emergency units (EU) are an opportune setting to implement such interventions. This exploratory study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of a multicomponent intervention for SA admitted to an EU...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990826/undergraduate-students-exposure-knowledge-utilization-and-intended-use-of-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline
#19
Amy S Hedman-Robertson
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among college students. Crisis hotlines play a role in linking suicidal individuals to help. Despite leading to favorable outcomes, low utilization of crisis outlines has been reported. AIMS: To explore exposure, knowledge, and utilization of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) among a sample of university students; to determine if knowledge and perceived helpfulness of NSPL predict intent to use NSPL. METHOD: The researcher surveyed 560 students attending a Midwestern university to assess knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the NSPL...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983959/countywide-implementation-of-crisis-intervention-teams-multiple-methods-measures-and-sustained-outcomes
#20
Sheryl Kubiak, Erin Comartin, Edita Milanovic, Deborah Bybee, Elizabeth Tillander, Celeste Rabaut, Heidi Bisson, Lisa M Dunn, Michael J Bouchard, Todd Hill, Steven Schneider
The crisis intervention team (CIT) is a tool that can be used to foster pre-booking diversion of individuals with mental illness from the criminal justice system and into community treatment services. Although CIT is often implemented solely as the training of law enforcement officers, the model stipulates that CIT is a vehicle for collaboration with community stakeholders who share a similar philosophy, as well as expanded mental health services offering a 24 hour-seven days per week drop-off option for law enforcement officers...
October 5, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
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