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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499576/an-introduction-to-the-model-of-crisis-intervention-procedure-for-borderline-patients-cip-bp-a-case-study
#1
Tytus Koweszko, Jacek Gierus, Magdalena Więdłocha, Anna Mosiołek, Agata Szulc
Borderline personality disorder is highly associated with suicidal behaviors. The authors of the current case study present the introduction model of original Crisis Intervention Procedure for Borderline Patients (CIP-BP) which is a method focused on restoring emotional balance, reducing the severity of symptoms and the risk of suicidal behavior, as well as developing optimum solutions for further action. Its aim is to enable the patient to regain control of their emotional memory, increase autonomy and restore important interpersonal relations by using the original resources of this person...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489969/barriers-towards-help-seeking-among-young-men-prior-to-suicide
#2
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Heidi Hjelmeland, Gudrun Dieserud
This study explores barriers to help-seeking among young men prior to suicide. We analysed 61in -depth interviews with parents, siblings, friends, and ex-partners of ten young men (aged 18-30) with no record of mental illness, as well as six suicide notes, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Three barriers emerged: (a) A total defeat; (b) No room for weakness; and (c) Fear of mental disorder. The shame from falling short of standards (own/significant male others') could be a considerable barrier to help-seeking in a suicidal crisis...
May 10, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468558/expanding-suicide-crisis-services-to-text-and-chat
#3
Zachary Predmore, Rajeev Ramchand, Lynsay Ayer, Virginia Kotzias, Charles Engel, Patricia Ebener, Janet E Kemp, Elizabeth Karras, Gretchen L Haas
BACKGROUND: Crisis support services have historically been offered by phone-based suicide prevention hotlines, but are increasingly becoming available through alternative modalities, including Internet chat and text messaging. AIMS: To better understand differences in the use of phone and chat/text services. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with call responders at the Veterans Crisis Line who utilize multimodal methods to respond to veterans in crisis...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451519/a-longitudinal-ecological-study-of-household-firearm-ownership-and-firearm-related-deaths-in-the-united-states-from-1999-through-2014-a-specific-focus-on-gender-race-and-geographic-variables
#4
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
Firearms have a longstanding tradition in the United States (US) and are viewed by many with iconic stature with regards to safety and personal freedom. Unfortunately, from a public health point of view, firearm-related deaths (FRDs) in the US have reached a crisis point with an estimated > 31,000 deaths and 74,000 nonfatal injuries resulting from firearms each year. This longitudinal ecological study analyzed variations in FRDs following firearm assaults (FAs) and law enforcement incidents involving a firearm (LEIF) in comparison to variations in household firearm ownership (HFO) among different geographic and demographic groups in the US from 1999 to 2014...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439293/socio-demographic-characteristics-clinical-profile-and-prevalence-of-existing-mental-illness-among-suicide-attempters-attending-emergency-services-at-two-hospitals-in-hawassa-city-south-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Moges Ayehu, Tarekegn Solomon, Kinfe Lemma
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health problem worldwide. It contributes for more than one million deaths each year. Since previous suicidal attempt was considered as the best predictor of future suicide, identifying factors behind suicidal attempt are helpful to design suicide prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profile and prevalence of existing mental illness among patients presenting with suicidal attempt to emergency services of general hospitals in South Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436130/sleep-complaints-associated-with-wish-to-die-after-a-suicide-crisis-an-exploratory-study
#6
Anca Mirsu-Paun, Isabelle Jaussent, Giovanni Komar, Philippe Courtet, Jorge Lopez-Castroman
The present study explores whether sleep concerns are associated with wish to die throughout a 1-month time interval following a suicide crisis. Sixty-eight patients admitted to the emergency department of a general or psychiatric hospital were enrolled. Sleep difficulties were assessed using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, self-reported satisfaction with sleep and time in bed. Suicidal ideation was assessed through the presence of a wish to die at 1 month following a suicide crisis...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411665/-the-nursing-care-of-a-suicidal-patient
#7
Harold Simon, Grégory Mykolow, Josselin Guyodo
The management of a suicidal crisis falls within the scope of nursing care. There is a high rate of recurrence in the months following an attempted suicide. The nurse monitoring strategy, based on the principle of the 'recontacting' of patients, has been tested by the team of a post-emergency psychiatric unit of a university hospital.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411663/-suicide-in-the-elderly
#8
Marie-Claude Frénisy, Claude Plassard
Suicide in the elderly is a real public health issue and has been the subject of a national prevention plan. It is very frequently linked to depression. To prevent people attempting suicide, health professionals must be trained to recognise and manage a suicidal crisis.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411661/-the-suicidal-crisis-in-emergency-departments
#9
Christophe Delmas, Chloé Wallach
Professionals working in emergency departments have an important role to play in assessing and orienting suicidal patients. A patient's suicide risk must be assessed using the 'Risk-Emergency-Dangerousness' grid. The main objective of the initial care is to buy time in order to avoid the patient attempting suicide. Enabling the patient to return home accompanied by a close friend or family member after their visit to the emergency department must be favoured whenever possible, by proposing close monitoring.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411660/-the-clinical-manifestation-of-suicide-and-its-process
#10
Arnaud Jodier
There emerges from the suicidal process much more than a model. When suicide forces itself on people, it is extremely difficult for them to pull themselves out of its grip. From the psychopathological crisis to the psychosocial crisis, the process acts like a psychological trauma which requires adapted care.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#11
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399909/myplan-mobile-phone-application-to-manage-crisis-of-persons-at-risk-of-suicide-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Kate Andreasson, Jesper Krogh, Per Bech, Hanne Frandsen, Niels Buus, Barbara Stanley, Ad Kerkhof, Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen
BACKGROUND: Persons with a past episode of self-harm or severe suicidal ideation are at elevated risk of self-harm as well as dying by suicide. It is well established that suicidal ideation fluctuates over time. Previous studies have shown that a personal safety plan can assist in providing support, when a person experiences suicide ideation, and help seeking professional assistance if needed. The aim of the trial is to determine whether a newly developed safety mobile app is more effective in reducing suicide ideation and other symptoms, compared to a safety plan on paper...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393903/medium-term-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-mortality-health-related-behaviours-and-access-to-healthcare-in-greece
#13
Filippos T Filippidis, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Christopher Millett, Yannis Tountas
Previous studies on the health consequences of the crisis in Greece investigated short-term impacts on selected outcomes. This study examined the impact of the crisis on a key set of health indicators with longer follow up than previous studies. We conducted interrupted time series (ITS) analysis to compare trends in standardised mortality by cause before and during the crisis. We examined changes in fruit and vegetable consumption, smoking, physical activity, obesity, out-of-pocket payments and unmet needs for healthcare using national household data from the "Hellas Health" surveys...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388881/emotional-crisis-in-a-naturalistic-context-characterizing-outpatient-profiles-and-treatment-effectiveness
#14
Adriano Zanello, Laurent Berthoud, Jean-Pierre Bacchetta
BACKGROUND: Crisis happens daily yet its understanding is often limited, even in the field of psychiatry. Indeed, a challenge is to assess the potential for change of patients so as to offer appropriate therapeutic interventions and enhance treatment program efficacy. This naturalistic study aimed to identify the socio-demographical characteristics and clinical profiles at admission of patients referred to a specialized Crisis Intervention Center (CIC) and to examine the effectiveness of the intervention...
April 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353458/suicidal-behaviour-in-hiv-infected-patients-in-greece
#15
Vassilios Paparizos, Ioanna Triantafyllopoulou, Sofia Kourkounti, Theodoros Retsas, Eleni Paparizou
This study investigated suicide completion and suicide attempts by HIV-infected patients in Greece, which, from the existing literature, are more frequent than those among the general population. The study sample comprised HIV-infected patients who had been monitored for a minimum period of six months from 1992 through 2012 at the "Andreas Sygros" University Hospital in Athens. Among the 1884 patients who were monitored during the study period, 37 suicides were attempted by 28 (1.48%) patients (27 men and 1 woman)...
March 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351293/the-synergy-of-the-refugee-crisis-and-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-impact-on-mental-health
#16
Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos, George Giannakopoulos, Nikos G Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The current global financial crisis that started in 2008 resulted in a significant decline in global trade, slowing/reversing economic growth worldwide, and a dramatic increase in public sector debt. At the same time, the global migrant/refugee crisis has reached extreme rates, with millions of people being forced to abandon their homes and communities because of war, political violence or related threats. There is a broad consensus about the deleterious consequences of these crises on psychological well-being, depression, anxiety disorders, insomnia, alcohol abuse and suicidal behavior...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345272/population-health-and-the-economy-mortality-and-the-great-recession-in-europe
#17
José A Tapia Granados, Edward L Ionides
We analyze the evolution of mortality-based health indicators in 27 European countries before and after the start of the Great Recession. We find that in the countries where the crisis has been particularly severe, mortality reductions in 2007-2010 were considerably bigger than in 2004-2007. Panel models adjusted for space-invariant and time-invariant factors show that an increase of 1 percentage point in the national unemployment rate is associated with a reduction of 0.5% (p < .001) in the rate of age-adjusted mortality...
March 27, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343110/the-harder-they-fall-sex-and-race-ethnic-specific-suicide-rates-in-the-u-s-foreclosure-crisis
#18
Jason N Houle, Michael T Light
Previous work shows suicide rates increase during economic recessions, but little research has examined the extent to which the foreclosure crisis-a unique aspect of the Great Recession-has contributed to disparities in rising suicide rates by race and sex. We develop and test two competing hypotheses regarding the association between foreclosures and race by sex specific suicide rates. We link foreclosure data (RealtyTrac) and suicide data (CDC) from 174 metropolitan areas from 2005 to 2010 (1044 MSA-year observations) and find that-net of time invariant unobserved between-metro area differences, national time trends, and time-varying confounders-a rise in the foreclosure rate is associated with a marginal increase in suicide, but this main effect masks considerable heterogeneity across groups...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261860/follow-up-with-callers-to-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline-evaluation-of-callers-perceptions-of-care
#19
Madelyn S Gould, Alison M Lake, Hanga Galfalvy, Marjorie Kleinman, Jimmie Lou Munfakh, James Wright, Richard McKeon
Continuity of care for suicidal individuals engaged with a variety of health and mental health care systems has become a national priority, and crisis hotlines are increasingly playing a part in the risk management and continuum of care for these individuals. The current study evaluated a national initiative to have crisis centers in the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline network provide follow-up care to suicidal callers. Data were obtained from 550 callers followed by 41 crisis counselors from 6 centers...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248838/family-based-crisis-intervention-with-suicidal-adolescents-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Elizabeth A Wharff, Katherine B Ginnis, Abigail M Ross, Erina M White, Matthew T White, Peter W Forbes
OBJECTIVE: In current practice, treatment as usual (TAU) for suicidal adolescents includes evaluation, with little or no intervention provided in the emergency department (ED), and disposition, usually to an inpatient psychiatry unit. The family-based crisis intervention (FBCI) is an emergency psychiatry intervention designed to sufficiently stabilize suicidal adolescents within a single ED visit so that they may return home safely with their families. The objective of this article is to report efficacy outcomes related to FBCI for suicidal adolescents and their families...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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