keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Suicidal crisis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107615/suicide-attempts-and-their-interrelation-with-the-economic-crisis-in-chania-greece-a-time-series-analysis-of-the-period-2008-2015
#1
Emmanouil S Benioudakis, Vyronas Lykiardopoulos, Vaggelis Georgiou, Maria D Archontaki, Alexandra Tsourounaki, Georgia Botonaki, Aikaterini Batzou, Tsampikos Symiakos, Theodora Seliniotaki, Athanasios Armagos, Aikaterini Pentari, Konstantinos Moiradorakis, Eleanna Darakis, Maria Melissari-Tzanakaki
Background: Greece has been in the grip of a severe economic crisis since 2008. It is well known that suicide attempts and actual suicides increase during periods of recession and austerity. The main aim of this study was to examine the economic crisis in relation to recorded suicide attempts in Chania, Greece, from 2008 to 2015, also taking unemployment rates into consideration. Methods: During the research period from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2015, 436 suicide attempts (females: n = 305 and males: n = 131) were recorded in the archives of the General Hospital of Chania...
January 19, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103062/academic-public-health-and-the-firearm-crisis-an-agenda-for-action
#2
Charles C Branas, Andrew Flescher, Margaret K Formica, Sandro Galea, Nils Hennig, Karen D Liller, Hala N Madanat, Andrew Park, John E Rosenthal, Jun Ying
Firearms have been a prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States since about the turn of the 20th century. Firearm deaths, including homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings, generally increased from 1900 until the mid-1930s, dipped through the mid-1960s, and rose through the 1990s, reaching a plateau beginning in approximately 2000 that continues to the present. Motor vehicle deaths once far exceeded firearm deaths. However, thanks to investments in research and vehicle and roadway design, motor vehicle deaths have declined substantially and firearm deaths now stand to surpass them...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100114/borderline-personality-disorder-and-the-ethics-of-risk-management
#3
Dan Warrender
Patients with borderline personality disorder are frequent users of inpatient mental health units, with inpatient crisis intervention often used based on the risk of suicide. However, this can present an ethical dilemma for nursing and medical staff, with these clinician responses shifting between the moral principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, dependent on the outcomes of the actions of containing or tolerating risk. This article examines the use of crisis intervention through moral duties, intentions and consequences, culminating in an action/consequence model of risk management, used to explore potential outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096870/the-economic-crisis-in-greece-and-its-impact-on-the-seasonality-of-suicides-in-the-athens-greater-area
#4
Christos Christodoulou, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Maria Gkerekou, Antonios Paraschakis, Filippos Koutsaftis, Athanassios Douzenis
OBJECTIVE: The economic crisis and the implementation of austerity measures in Greece lead to significant socioeconomic changes. The effects of the crisis were mainly felt by the Greek population during the years 2011 and 2012. This study aimed to investigate the impact of Greece's economic crisis on the seasonality of suicides in the Athens Greater Area. METHODS: Data were collected for all recorded cases of suicides committed over a 5-year period (from 2008 to 2012) from the Athens Department of Forensic Medicine...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049081/suicidality-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-experience-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#5
C W Slotema, M B A Niemantsverdriet, J D Blom, M van der Gaag, H W Hoek, I E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: In patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), about 22-50% experience auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). However, the impact of these hallucinations on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, crisis-service interventions, and hospital admissions is unknown. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected with the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus, as well as from the medical records of a convenience sample of outpatients fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for BPD...
December 29, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031590/role-of-demographic-and-personality-factors-in-mediating-vulnerability-to-suicide-attempts-under-intoxication-with-alcohol-a-record-based-exploratory-study
#6
Shivanand Kattimani, Vikas Menon, Siddharth Sarkar, Anand Babu Arun, Penchilaiya Venkatalakshmi
BACKGROUND: Identifying those who are likely to make suicide attempts under alcohol intoxication has important implications for management and prevention of further suicidal behavior. AIMS: To identify the frequency of suicide attempts made under the influence of alcohol and the percentage of impulsive suicide attempts among them. We also aimed to identify predictors of attempted suicide under intoxication with alcohol. SETTING AND DESIGN: Record-based study carried out at a tertiary care hospital...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031581/suicide-in-india-distinct-epidemiological-patterns-and-implications
#7
REVIEW
Starlin Vijay Mythri, Johann Alex Ebenezer
Suicide is a societal crisis which also deeply impacts the personal and family realms. Indian suicidal data present distinctive epidemiological patterns when we compare it with the global suicide rates and trends. Higher proportions of young individuals are resorting to suicide compared to any other country in the world, and Indian suicide rates, especially South Indian rates, are one of the highest in the world. In this article, we present various historical aspects and theories of Indian suicide and review of available Indian research from various sources such as community, hospitals, schools and forensic settings...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009694/can-emergency-department-hospital-discharge-and-death-data-be-used-to-monitor-burden-of-drug-overdose-in-rhode-island
#8
Yongwen Jiang, James V McDonald, Jennifer Koziol, Meghan McCormick, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: Drug overdoses are a growing public health problem in the United States. Rhode Island is also confronted with a serious epidemic of drug overdose deaths and ranks sixth worst in the United States for age-adjusted drug overdose death rate. OBJECTIVE: To monitor trends of drug overdose-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths and classify the drug overdoses by demographics, discharge status, intent, and specific drug involved to plan for health care resource allocation, mental health services, drug abuse treatment, prevention, and policies...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984159/spectroscopy-markers-of-suicidal-risk-and-mental-pain-in-depressed-patients
#9
Fabrice Jollant, Jamie Near, Gustavo Turecki, St├ęphane Richard-Devantoy
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior has been associated with structural and functional impairments in neuroimaging studies, mainly localized in the prefrontal cortex. However, little is known of the in vivo biochemical alterations that could be markers of suicidal risk. METHODS: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure at-rest levels of 9 metabolites (glutamate, glutamine, glutathione, GABA, N-acetylaspartate (NAA), N-acetylaspartylglutamate, myo-inositol, aspartate, total choline), in the right dorsal prefrontal cortex of 25 unmedicated depressed patients, including 15 with a history of suicidal behavior, and 33 healthy controls...
October 27, 2016: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983865/suicide-risk-management-protocol-in-post-cardiac-arrest-survivors-development-feasibility-and-outcomes
#10
Rachel A Bucy, Kaitlyn A Hanisko, Lee A Kamphuis, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Theodore J Iwashyna, Paul N Pfeiffer
RATIONALE: Suicidal ideation is an important part of the spectrum of depression, but studies of outcomes following cardiac events often avoid asking about suicide as part of their assessment due to perceived resource constraints and the complexity of managing this finding. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, feasibility, and outcomes of a suicide risk management protocol implemented by research assistants (RAs) administering the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ-9)...
December 16, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935103/concerns-of-older-veteran-callers-to-the-veterans-crisis-line
#11
Kathy A Rasmussen, Deborah A King, Madelyn S Gould, Wendi Cross, Wan Tang, Kimberly Kaukeinen, Xin Tu, Kerry L Knox
When the Veterans Crisis Line (VCL) was implemented, it was uncertain if veterans, and particularly older male veterans, would utilize the service. We examined VCL use by a growing group of veterans at increased risk for suicide: those aged 60 and older. Real-time clinical data were gathered from a weekly random sampling of calls. Approximately 25% of calls were from veterans aged 60 or older; over 80% reported benefit from the call. Several significant differences in presenting concerns between older and younger callers were found...
December 9, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929696/development-of-instructional-competencies-for-assessing-and-managing-suicide-risk-for-baccalaureate-nursing-education-a-modified-delphi-study
#12
Abigail Kotowski, Carol Roye
Suicide is a major health problem and a leading cause of death throughout the world. A primary goal for suicide prevention is reforming health professional education in order to increase the competence of health professionals in assessing and managing suicide risk. Nursing leadership is involved in this reform, yet nurses frequently lack the competence to care for patients in suicidal crisis. An identified gap in baccalaureate nursing education is instructional competencies for assessing and managing suicide risk...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929687/meaning-in-life-and-meaning-of-life-in-mental-health-care-an-integrative-literature-review
#13
Xanthe Glaw, Ashley Kable, Michael Hazelton, Kerry Inder
The aim of this integrative literature review was to identify high quality empirical research and theoretical literature on the sources of meaning in life and people's beliefs regarding the meaning of life. This will inform current mental health clinical practice and research by providing a synthesis of empirical and theoretical literature. Failure to address meaninglessness or the existential crisis can lead to psychopathologies such as depression, anxiety, addiction, aggression, hopelessness, apathy, lower levels of well-being, physical illness, and suicide...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871186/does-a-tv-public-service-advertisement-campaign-for-suicide-prevention-really-work
#14
In Han Song, Jung-Won You, Ji Eun Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been performed regarding their effectiveness in South Korea, where the suicide rate is the highest among OECD countries. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a television PSA campaign...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869506/testing-a-model-of-functional-impairment-in-telephone-crisis-support-workers
#15
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: It is well known that helping professionals experience functional impairment related to elevated symptoms of psychological distress as a result of frequent empathic engagement with distressed others. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model of factors contributing to functional impairment in telephone crisis support workers...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#16
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843841/temporal-variations-in-suicide-attempt-rates-a-hospital-based-study-from-india
#17
Shivanand Kattimani, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Siddharth Sarkar, V Muthukrishnan
BACKGROUND: Temporal variations of suicide attempts can help to better understand correlates of suicidal behavior. This study attempted to find the diurnal, weekly, and seasonal variations in suicide attempts at a tertiary care hospital in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This record-based study was conducted among patients evaluated at a crisis intervention clinic over a 4-year period at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Southern India. Patients who attempted suicide in recent past and had been medically stabilized were evaluated in this clinic...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805983/can-religion-protect-against-suicide
#18
Michael A Norko, David Freeman, James Phillips, William Hunter, Richard Lewis, Ramaswamy Viswanathan
The vast majority of the world's population is affiliated with a religious belief structure, and each of the major faith traditions (in its true form) is strongly opposed to suicide. Ample literature supports the protective effect of religious affiliation on suicide rates. Proposed mechanisms for this protective effect include enhanced social network and social integration, the degree of religious commitment, and the degree to which a particular religion disapproves of suicide. We review the sociological data for these effects and the general objections to suicide held by the faith traditions...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797348/telemedicine-and-telepsychology-a-medicolegal-dilemma-clarifying-standard-of-care-for-the-physicians-emergency-certificate-a-case-report
#19
Lynn W Aurich
Physicians and psychologists are often the front-line professionals who examine and treat individuals who are in suicidal crisis. Murphy comments "the clinical conditions that predispose to suicide frequently occasion visits to physicians, mostly nonpsychiatrists." When suicide appears imminent, physicians and psychologists take the necessary steps to hospitalize the patient to ensure their safety. If the patient refuses to voluntarily submit to examination and hospitalization, La.R.S.28:53 provides the legal means for effecting examination and treatment...
September 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780335/a-randomized-trial-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-high-risk-suicidal-veterans
#20
Marianne Goodman, David Banthin, Nicholas J Blair, Kathryn A Mascitelli, Jaime Wilsnack, Jennifer Chen, Julie W Messenger, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Joseph Triebwasser, Harold W Koenigsberg, Raymond R Goetz, Erin A Hazlett, Antonia S New
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in suicide prevention implemented throughout the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) including the hiring of Suicide Prevention Coordinators (SPCs) at every VA hospital, enhanced monitoring, and the availability of 24-hour crisis hotline services, suicide by veterans remains a critical problem affecting 20 veterans daily. Few empirically based treatment strategies for suicide prevention for postdeployment military personnel exist. This study aimed to test whether dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), one of the few psychosocial treatments with proven efficacy in diminishing suicidal behavior in individuals with personality disorder, can be applied to veterans irrespective of personality diagnosis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
38127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"