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Device-based teaching

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In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the fundamentals of PRM from a physiological perspective, looking at the human mechanisms both physical and behavioral which are at the base of PRM physicians' work. After a discussion on the development and evolution of PRM that leads to its unique and specific approach, the mechanisms considered include: - repairing processes (and potential of recovery evaluation): repairing processes are mainly related to the quantity and natural history of diseases and impairments, while potential of recovery is also linked to the individual and environmental factors; PRM physicians work on impairments to favor healing or recovery, and propose rehabilitation if there is a potential of recovery: this is related to the prognostic role of PRM physicians; - learning processes: PRM is the specialty of teaching new physical ways and behavioral approaches to make patients participate at best through improvement of impairments and modification of activities; in this perspective, during repair and rehabilitation processes, PRM physicians and the rehabilitation team are teachers of new motor and behavioral strategies; - compensatory processes (adaptation/habilitation/rehabilitation): PRM physicians teach patients how to adapt to the new (acquired) health condition using compensatory mechanisms based on other body structures/functions, behavioral changes and/or assistive devices (or technical aids) (prosthesis and orthosis); during growth PRM physicians aim at allowing a complete (and compensatory) development of the intact function, not to be impaired by the original disease; compensatory processes are related to activities; - management skills: PRM physicians are managers of people and resources; they manage patients and their caregivers, to teach and allow them to reach the best possible participation, also focusing on maintenance; they lead the team, with the aim to make it function at best for the sake of the patient; finally, they manage resource allocation for the functioning of patients and team; - communication skills: PRM physicians need to develop very good communication skills, so to teach, inform and educate patients and their caregivers: this will allow the proper behavioural changes and also the correct physical compensations...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Joan Schertz, Hilary Worton
Background Owing to the wide-ranging role nurses have in supporting patients undergoing fertility treatment, we recorded the learning/teaching expectations and experiences of nurses using a redesigned fertility pen injector. Methods This was a multicentre, simulated-use study, using unbranded placebo-filled pens. Before teaching patients, nurses were given free choice to rank the importance of the device attributes and predict the level of patient anxiety. Nurses taught 2-5 patients how to prepare the device, inject the dose and complete an incomplete dose...
March 9, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
T O Omóbòwálé, B N Ogunro, E A Odigie, P I Otuh, B O Olugasa
Accurate determination of temperature is crucial in the diagnosis of febrile conditions. Although fewer techniques have proven as useful and reliable a predictor of core body temperature as the rectal thermometry, the process of obtaining the rectal temperature could be stressful in dogs. The infrared thermometry is a noncontact device used for measuring body temperature, with advantages which include speed, convenience, and reduced stress to the animals and reduced occupational risks to the animal handler...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Thomas G Poder, Christian A Bellemare
OBJECTIVES: Contextual data and local expertise are important sources of data that cannot be ignored in hospital-based health technology assessment (HTA) processes. Despite a lack of or unconvincing evidence in the scientific literature, technology can be recommended in a given context. We illustrate this using a case study regarding biplane angiography for vascular neurointervention. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted, along with an analysis of the context in our setting...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Toni Van Laarhoven, Adam Carreon, Wendy Bonneau, Ashli Lagerhausen
The purpose of this study was to compare mobile technologies with universally-designed prompting systems to improve the independent vocational performance of four adolescents with ASD and/or ID in school-based employment settings. Specific aims were to (1) compare the effectiveness of universally-designed prompting systems presented on iPads and HP Slates that involved participant-selection and participant-fading of available on-screen media prompts; (2) compare the usability of different mobile devices; and (3) determine if built-in decision prompts could improve problem-solving behavior during task completion...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Godelieve Alice Goossens, Niel Grumiaux, Christel Janssens, Martine Jérôme, Steffen Fieuws, Philip Moons, Marguerite Stas, Geert Maleux
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect on needed nursing time for dressing change. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A parallel-group, open-label, randomised controlled trial in patients who are in need for a peripherally inserted central catheter insertion in one teaching hospital in Belgium. The follow-up lasted 180 days or until catheter removal, whatever came first. A computer generated table was used to allocate devices. Randomised patients were 105 adults (StatLock, n=53; SecurAcath, n=52) and primary analysis was based on all patients (n=92) with time measurements (StatLock, n=43; SecurAcath, n=49)...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Se Won Lee, Ratnakar Veeramachaneni, Ibrahim Abou Saleh, Karen Morice, Timothy Tiu, Yungtai Lo, Kevin Frison, Matthew Bartels
BACKGROUND: Home-based therapy optimizing biomechanics and neuromuscular control is increasingly recognized as a treatment option for chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). However, its impact on pain, function and gait is limited among patients in a metropolitan area. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change of pain, function and gait parameters with home-based therapy using footwear generated biomechanical manipulation and perturbation training (FGBMPT) in a population with CNSLBP in a metropolitan area...
February 20, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Desmond Hsu, Mark Melzer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2017, National Health Service Improvement set a 10% reduction target for Escherichia coli bacteraemia by 2018, followed by a 50% reduction in healthcare-associated Gram-negative bacteraemias by 2022. We analysed consecutive cases of E. coli bacteraemia and devised a strategy to achieve these targets. METHODS: From December 2012 to November 2013, demographic, clinical and microbiological data were prospectively collected on all patients with bacteraemia at the Royal London Hospital in East London, UK...
February 20, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Erica Dove, Arlene Astell
Engaging in enjoyable activities is an essential part of well-being, but people with dementia can find participation increasingly difficult. Motion-based technologies can provide meaningful engagement in a wide range of activities, but for people with dementia to take advantage of these devices requires a good understanding of how best to select and present these activities to this population. The objective of this study was to explore the use of motion-based technology (Xbox Kinect) as a group activity for people with dementia who attend adult day programmes...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
Daniel Z Fang, Teja Patil, Ilana Belitskaya-Levy, Marianne Yeung, Keith Posley, Nazima Allaudeen
Efficient and effective communication between providers is critical to quality patient care within a hospital system. Hands free communication devices (HFCD) allow instantaneous, closed-loop communication between physicians and other members of a multidisciplinary team, providing a communication advantage over traditional pager systems. HFCD have been shown to decrease emergency room interruptions, improve nursing communication, improve speed of information flow, and eliminate health care waste. We evaluated the integration of an HFCD with an existing alphanumeric paging system on an acute inpatient medicine service...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Jessica Valestin, Amanda Schmeltz, Konrad Schulze, Satish S C Rao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Biofeedback therapy is effective for dyssynergic defecation (DD), but it is not widely available or reimbursed, and is labor intensive. It is therefore important to select the appropriate patients for this treatment. We investigated symptoms and demographic, manometric, and other factors associated with outcomes of biofeedback therapy in patients with DD. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of 2 prospective studies of biofeedback therapy in 127 adult outpatients (18-75 years old, 120 female) with chronic constipation who failed to respond to treatment with dietary fiber or laxatives (>1 year) and were diagnosed with DD based on standard criteria...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu
With advances in information technology, "information-assisted instruction" has been gradually introduced to nursing education curricula. Specifically, the integration of an e-book system can effectively enhance nursing students' attention and interest. Most studies on nursing education that incorporated e-books have focused on the advantages of convenience and assistance provided by e-books. Few studies have addressed community health nursing and off-campus practice activities in relation to suitable teaching strategies for learning activities...
November 2, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a resident-led resiliency curriculum developed by residents, for residents. METHODS: The Stress Management and Resiliency Training Program for Residents (SMART-R) is a 6-h group-based curriculum that teaches meditation, behavioral skills, and positive perspective-taking strategies. SMART-R was implemented for all medicine and psychiatry interns at a large US teaching hospital during the first 6 months of internship...
February 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Angela M Morrow, Karen L O Burton, Melissa M Watanabe, Benjamin H Cloyd, George P Khut
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a child-friendly biofeedback mediated relaxation device called "BrightHearts". METHODS: Qualitative data were collected at a tertiary pediatric hospital to inform an iterative design process. Clinicians participated in expert group interviews to identify practical considerations which would facilitate the use of BrightHearts during procedures and provide feedback on prototype designs. Children aged 7-18 years participated in interactive exhibitions of the prototypes and were interviewed about their experience using BrightHearts...
October 27, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Ao Zhang, Xing-Ke Yan, An-Guo Liu
In the present paper, the authors introduce a newly-developed "Acupuncture Needle Manipulation Training-evaluation System" based on optical motion capture technique. It is composed of two parts, sensor and software, and overcomes some shortages of mechanical motion capture technique. This device is able to analyze the data of operations of the pressing-hand and needle-insertion hand during acupuncture performance and its software contains personal computer (PC) version, Android version, and Internetwork Operating System (IOS) Apple version...
December 25, 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Seyed Abdolhossein Mehdi Nasab, Ebrahim Khorramdin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mortality and disability rates after surgical treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in patients older than 60 years old. METHOD: In this retrospective study, 385 patients aged 60 or older who were admitted because of intertrochanteric fracture to treatment and teaching center of Emam Khomeini hospital of Ahvaz, Iran between Mar. 2010 to Feb. 2015 and underwent surgery were included. All the patients were treated by open reduction and internal fixation by dynamic hip screw...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Paulo Mota, Nuno Carvalho, Emanuel Carvalho-Dias, Manuel João Costa, Jorge Correia-Pinto, Estevão Lima
BACKGROUND: Since the end of the XIX century, teaching of surgery has remained practically unaltered until now. With the dawn of video-assisted laparoscopy, surgery has faced new technical and learning challenges. Due to technological advances, from Internet access to portable electronic devices, the use of online resources is part of the educational armamentarium. In this respect, videos have already proven to be effective and useful, however the best way to benefit from these tools is still not clearly defined...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
James E Benson, Allix M Hillebrand, Tamika Auguste
INTRODUCTION: Learning how to perform a speculum examination is a key component of the medical student curriculum, yet there is a paucity of data on the validity of available speculum examination models. This purpose of this study is to design, evaluate, and improve a low-cost speculum examination model. METHODS: A speculum examination training model was created using low-cost or recycled materials from other simulators. A total of 54 medical students, residents, and faculty in the obstetrics and gynecology department of a single academic institution performed speculum examinations on the model...
October 10, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Jakob Louis Demant Thomsen, Ole Mathiesen, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Doris Østergaard, Jens Engbaek, Mona Ring Gätke
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxants facilitate endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia and improve surgical conditions. Residual neuromuscular blockade occurs when the patient is still partially paralyzed when awakened after surgery. The condition is associated with subjective discomfort and an increased risk of respiratory complications. Use of an objective neuromuscular monitoring device may prevent residual block. Despite this, many anesthetists refrain from using the device. Efforts to increase the use of objective monitoring are time consuming and require the presence of expert personnel...
October 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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