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Rectal cancer. Hernia

Yuzhou Zhao, Guangsen Han, Mingke Huo, Li Wei, Qiyun Zou, Yuji Zhang, Jian Li, Yanhui Gu, Yanghui Cao, Shijia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer. METHOD: From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Keita Kojima, Takatoshi Nakamura, Takeo Sato, Yasumi Matsubara, Masanori Naito, Keishi Yamashita, Masahiko Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to identity risk factors for parastomal hernia occurring after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: The study group was comprised of 158 patients with rectal cancer who underwent abdominoperineal resection in our department from January 1990 through December 2014. Twelve variables were studied as risk factors for parastomal hernia. RESULTS: Parastomal hernia developed in 27 patients, including 19 patients who underwent colostomy creation via an intraperitoneal route and 8 patients who underwent colostomy creation via an extraperitoneal route...
March 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Kurokawa Tomohiro, Giichiro Tsurita, Kentaro Yazawa, Masaru Shinozaki
INTRODUCITON: We report a recent case of strangulated bowel obstruction due to an incarcerated secondary perineal hernia that developed after laparoscopic rectal resection. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 75-year-old man undergoing treatment for alcoholic cirrhosis underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection of the rectum (APR) for lower rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Lung metastases were diagnosed 2 months postoperatively. Ten days after chemotherapy initiation, the patient was hospitalized on an emergency basis due to hepatic encephalopathy...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Shigeru Fujisaki, Motoi Takashina, Ryouichi Tomita, Kenichi Sakurai, Tadatoshi Takayama
We report 2 cases of pancreatic cancer discovered incidentally in the wake of acute abdomen from other causes. Case 1 is a 67-year-old man who was referred to our hospital in October 2010 for the treatment of an incarcerated right inguinal hernia. The hernia was manually reduced, and mesh plug hernioplasty was scheduled for the next day. A 2.9 cm diameter tumor was detected in the tail of the pancreas on plain CT at the first visit and confirmed on enhanced CT soon after the hernia repair. A follow-up abdominal CT scan approximately 1 month later showed modest enlargement of the tumor to 3...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sasan Saeed Far, Sepide Miraj
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions elsewhere in the body. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review is aimed to overview single-incision laparoscopy surgery. METHODS: This systematic review was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified about 87 references...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
Hazar Al Furajii, Niall Kennedy, Ronan A Cahill
PURPOSE: Transanal minimally invasive surgery using single port instrumentation is now well described for the performance of total mesorectal excision with restorative colorectal/anal anastomosis most-often in conjunction with transabdominal multiport assistance. While non-restorative abdomino-endoscopic perineal excision of the anorectum is conceptually similar, it has been less detailed in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing non-restorative ano-proctectomy including a transperineal endoscopic component were analysed...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Manuel López-Cano, Xavier Serra-Aracils, Laura Mora, José Luis Sánchez-García, Luis Miguel Jiménez-Gómez, Marc Martí, Francesc Vallribera, Domenico Fraccalvieri, Anna Serracant, Esther Kreisler, Sebastiano Biondo, Eloy Espín, Salvador Navarro-Soto, Manuel Armengol-Carrasco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reduction in the incidence of parastomal hernia (PH) after placement of prophylactic synthetic mesh using a modified Sugarbaker technique when a permanent end-colostomy is needed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Prevention of PH formation is crucial given the high prevalence of PH and difficulties in the surgical repair of PH. METHODS: A randomized, prospective, double-blind, and controlled trial...
December 2016: Annals of Surgery
A L Goncharov, V N Razbirin, T I Shalaeva, V A Cherner, D V Razbirin, O V Gurova, A S Aslanyan
AIM: To improve the prevention of paracolostomic hernias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied the prevention of paracolostomic hernia using mesh allograft. The study involved 73 patients with low-ampullary rectal cancer. Open or laparoscopic abdominoperineal extirpation of rectum was performed in all observations. 21 patients underwent prophylactic Sugarbaker's repair of paracolostomic area. We used the modifications of this surgical stage for transabdominal and retroperitoneal stoma...
2016: Khirurgiia
Gijsbert D Musters, Charlotte E L Klaver, Robbert J I Bosker, Jacobus W A Burger, Peter van Duijvendijk, Boudewijn van Etten, Anna A W van Geloven, Eelco J R de Graaf, Christiaan Hoff, Jeroen W A Leijtens, Harm J T Rutten, Baljit Singh, Ronald J C L M Vuylsteke, Johannes H W de Wilt, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Willem A Bemelman, Pieter J Tanis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of biological mesh closure on perineal wound healing after extralevator abdominoperineal resection (eAPR). BACKGROUND: Perineal wound complications frequently occur after eAPR with preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer. Cohort studies have suggested that biological mesh closure of the pelvic floor improves perineal wound healing. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to primary closure (standard arm) or biological mesh closure (intervention arm)...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Wei Ge, Song-Song Jiang, Wang Qi, Hao Chen, Li-Ming Zheng, Gang Chen
GOAL: To share our experience of extra-levator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) for low rectal cancer, focusing on perineal repair with biological mesh. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of all patients with low rectal cancer who underwent the ELAPE procedure using biological mesh for perineal repair at the Gastrointestinal Surgery of Nanjing Drum Power Hospital between January 2013 and September 2015. All patients were closely followed up to now...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
Ryota Takahashi, Shintaro Akamoto, Mina Nagao, Natsumi Matsuura, Masao Fujiwara, Keiichi Okano, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic diaphragmatic hernia is generally thought to be rare among adults. We present two different types of asymptomatic diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed with computed tomography (CT) and discuss treatment strategies. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: A 37-year-old woman was diagnosed with catamenial pneumothorax in the right diaphragm. Partial resection of the diaphragm and lung was performed using a linear stapler. She was asymptomatic after the operation and gave birth 2 years later...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Emilie P Colov, Mads Klein, Ismail Gögenur
BACKGROUND: Extralevator abdominoperineal excision was introduced as an alternative to conventional abdominoperineal excision for low rectal cancers. The perineal dissection is more extensive with extralevator abdominoperineal excision and leaves a greater defect. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate, on a national basis, the risk of perineal wound complications, pain, and hernia after conventional and extralevator abdominoperineal excision performed for low rectal cancer...
September 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Pia Näsvall, Ursula Dahlstrand, Thyra Löwenmark, Jörgen Rutegård, Ulf Gunnarsson, Karin Strigård
AIM: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessment is important in understanding the patient's perspective and for decision-making in health care. HRQoL is often impaired in patients with stoma. The aim was to evaluate HRQoL in rectal cancer patients with permanent stoma compared to patients without stoma. METHODS: 711 patients operated for rectal cancer with abdomino-perineal resection or Hartman's procedure and a control group (n = 275) operated with anterior resection were eligible...
January 2017: Quality of Life Research
Joachim Wiskemann, Kai Schommer, Dirk Jaeger, Friederike Scharhag-Rosenberger
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer survivors are deconditioned through anticancer therapy. Furthermore, about 10% of them have a permanent ostomy which is associated with weakened abdominal muscles and an increased risk of a hernia. This case study reports on how a firefighter with rectal carcinoma and ostomy was trained to regain operational fitness. METHODS: A 44-year-old firefighter (178 cm, 82 kg) with an adenocarcinoma of the rectum (diagnosed 24 months prior) had been treated with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and surgery...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Vincenzo Simonelli, Carine Boven, Patrizia Loi, Issam El Nakadi, Jean Closset
Introduction There are very few case reports of metastasis on a mesh prosthesis following laparoscopic hernia repair in the literature and its incidence is completely unknown. Case report A 76-year-old male patient presented in December 2013 with a suspicious malignant lesion of the pancreatic tail on the MRI. He was also complaining of a painful mass in the right para-rectal area. An exploratory laparoscopy performed in December 2013 revealed microscopic whitish peritoneal implants in the left hypochondrium and a massive metastasis involving a mesh prosthesis placed é years before in the right para-rectal area...
February 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Jiagang Han, Zhenjun Wang, Zhigang Gao, Guanghui Wei, Yong Yang, Bingqiang Yi, Zhiwei Zhai, Huachong Ma, Bo Zhao, Baocheng Zhao, Hao Qu, Jianliang Wang, Zhulin Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the laparoscopy combined with transperineal extralevator abdominoperineal excision (TP-ELAPE) for locally advanced low rectal caner. METHODS: Clinical data of 12 patients with locally advanced low rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopy combined with TP-ELAPE in our department from May 2013 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 male and 4 female patients with median aged of 63 (46 to 72) years. The median distance from tumor lower margin to anal verge was 3...
June 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
M Bocková, J Hoch, L Frajer
UNLABELLED: Perineal hernia is defined as a protrusion of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the pelvic floor. Primary hernias are extremely rare; secondary (postoperative) hernias following pelvic surgery, especially abdominoperineal resection or pelvic exenteration, are more common. Impaired perineal wound healing and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in cancer patients are defined as main risk factors. A growing incidence of this complication is expected in connection with an increasing use of laparoscopic approaches and ELAPE...
December 0: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Shuanhu Wang, Wenbin Wang, Bing Zhu, Guolei Song, Congqiao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Parastomal hernia is a very common complication after colostomy, especially end-colostomy. It is unclear whether prophylactic placement of mesh at the time of stoma formation could prevent parastomal hernia formation after surgery for rectal cancer. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic mesh in end-colostomy construction. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched, covering records entered from their inception to September 2015...
October 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Michel Prudhomme, Mathias Alline, John Chauvat, Pascale Fabbro-Perray, Jérémie Ripoche, Martin Marie Bertrand
BACKGROUND: Peristomal hernia (PH) is a common complication of colostomy. It often leads to a decrease in the patient's quality of life. Surgical procedures for PH are difficult and present high failure and morbidity rates. This randomized, double blind, multicentre trial was conducted to determine the benefits and risks of mesh reinforcement vs conventional stoma formation in preventing PH. METHODS: 200 patients undergoing a permanent end colostomy are randomized into two groups...
July 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
M Gómez Ruiz, J Alonso Martin, C Cagigas Fernández, J I Martín Parra, H Real Noval, B Martín Rivas, E Toledo Martínez, J Castillo Diego, M Gómez Fleitas
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted total mesorectal excision is a safe alternative for rectal cancer treatment. Nevertheless, substantial data is still missing. Our aim was to assess the perioperative and oncological outcomes of the routine use of the robotic-assisted approach for rectal cancer treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 198 Consecutive robotic rectal resections were performed between January 2011 and April 2015 in patients with stage I-IV disease. We prospectively evaluated peri and postoperative data, pathological findings and mid-term oncological outcomes...
June 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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