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Tiansheng Liu, Fushi Ke, Shijun You, Wenbin Chen, Weiyi He, Minsheng You
Fourteen polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated in this transcriptome-based data analysis for Cotesia plutellae, which is an important larval parasitoid of the worldwide pest Plutella xylostella. A subsequent test was performed for a wild C. plutellae population (N = 32) from Fuzhou, Fujian, southeastern China, to verify the effectiveness of the 14 microsatellite loci in future studies on C. plutellae genetic diversity. The observed number of alleles ranged from two to six. The expected and observed heterozygosity ranged from 0...
June 20, 2017: Insects
Melody C Carter, Avanti Desai, Hirsh D Komarow, Yun Bai, Sarah T Clayton, Alicia S Clark, Karina N Ruiz-Esteves, Lauren M Long, Daly Cantave, Todd M Wilson, Linda M Scott, Olga Simakova, Mi-Yeon Jung, Jamie Hahn, Irina Maric, Dean D Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Clonal mast cell disorders are known to occur in a subset of patients with systemic reactions to Hymenoptera stings. This observation has prompted the question as to whether clonal mast cell disorders also occur in patients with idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of clonal mast cell disorders among patients with IA, criteria to identify those patients who require a bone marrow biopsy and whether the pathogenesis of IA involves a hyper-responsive mast cell compartment...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ming-Zhen Pan, Tong-Xian Liu, Christian Nansen
Natal rearing experience of animals may affect their behaviors, such as, habitat selection and oviposition decision. As part of the overall fitness of insect parasitoids, successful host discrimination (distinguishing parasitized hosts from unparasitized hosts) is of paramount importance. In this study we examined whether and how parasitoids' natal rearing experience would affect their host discrimination ability according to host availability. We established separate colonies of Aphidius gifuensis Ashmead by continually reared on two hosts, Sitobion avenae F...
June 16, 2017: Insect Science
Gerd Gäde, Heather G Marco
The aim of the current study is to identify the adipokinetic hormone(s) (AKHs) of a basal suborder of the species-rich Coleoptera, the Adephaga, and possibly learn more about the ancestral AKH of beetles. Moreover, we wanted to compare the ancestral AKH with AKHs of more advanced beetles, of which a number are pest insects. This would allow us to assess whether AKH mimetics would be suitable as insecticides, that is, be harmful to the pest species but not to the beneficial species. Nine species of the Adephaga were investigated and all synthesize only one octapeptide in the corpus cardiacum, as revealed by Edman degradation sequencing techniques or by mass spectrometry...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Kevin Tougeron, George Hraoui, Cécile Le Lann, Joan van Baaren, Jacques Brodeur
Organisms often live in unpredictable environments and have to adopt life history strategies that optimize their fitness under these conditions. According to bet-hedging theory, individuals can reduce variation in fitness outcomes by investing in different strategies at the same time. For arthropods, facultative summer diapause enables survival during dry and hot periods of the year, and can be triggered by a decrease in resource abundance. However, the effect of resource depletion on diapause induction has never been disentangled from the effect of the perception of the presence of competitors...
June 15, 2017: Insect Science
Nualanong Visitsunthorn, Teera Kijmassuwan, Kittipos Visitsunthorn, Panchama Pacharn, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of allergy to stings from the Hymenoptera order of insects in a hospital in Thailand. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective analytical study was carried out in inpatients and outpatients suffering from Hymenoptera stings from 2009 to 2013 in Siriraj Hospital. RESULTS: Medical records of 386 patients with an allergy to Hymenoptera stings were evaluated. Anaphylaxis was more common in patients younger than 15 years, who comprised 22...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Po-Wei Hsu, Feng-Chuan Hsu, Yun Hsiao, Chung-Chi Lin
A new species of Protanilla Taylor, 1990, P. jongi sp. nov., from Taiwan is described and illustrated, along with a supplementary description of the queen morphology of P. lini Terayama, 2009 and biological notes of Protanilla species. Furthermore, Furcotanilla Xu, 2012 is considered a junior synonym of Protanilla on reanalysis of purported diagnostic characters. A key to the world fauna of genus Protanilla based on the worker caste is provided.
May 15, 2017: Zootaxa
Ryuki Murao
The South Korean fauna of the Hemihalictus series belonging to the genus Lasioglossum Curtis are reviewed. Twenty-seven species are recognized for the country. Lasioglossum laevoides Ebmer is recorded from the Korean Peninsula for the first time. The following species are newly recorded from South Korea: L. albipes villosum Ebmer, L. calceatum (Scopoli), L. kiautschouense (Strand), L. sakagamii Ebmer, L. speculinum (Cockerell), L. subfulvicorne subfulvicorne (Blüthgen), L. villosulum (Kirby), and L. vulsum (Vachal)...
May 18, 2017: Zootaxa
Christer Hansson, Paolo Navone
The European species of Diglyphus Walker are reviewed. Fifteen species are included. One of these, D. clematidis sp. n., is described as new, and one, D. anadolucus Doganlar, is recorded as new to Europe. Several of the species have their geographical distribution increased as many new country records are introduced. New host records and compilation of host records from the literature are presented in tables. To facilitate the identification of the species a key and numerous illustrations are included. The identity of one of the species described from Europe, D...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
Rodrigo B Gonçalves
Here I provide taxonomic notes on types of Sphecodes (Austrosphecodes) which are deposited in South American institutions. Sphecodes andinus Schrottky, 1906, S. brasiliensis Schrottky, 1910, S. bruchi Schrottky, 1906, S. cordillerensis Jörgensen, 1912, S. coriae Moure & Hurd, 1987, S. inornatus (Schrottky, 1902), S. melanopus Schrottky, 1906, S. mendocinus Jörgensen, 1912, and S. minarum Schrottky, 1910 are redescribed. The male of S. brasiliensis, S. convergens Michener, 1978, and the female of S. inornatus are described for the first time...
May 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Roberto A Cambra, Maria Luisa Tunes Buschini, Diomedes Quintero Arias, Fanciele Brozoski, Priscila Rudiak Lustosa
The male and female of Ephuta icema Casal, 1969 are reared from the host Auplopus subaurarius Dreisbach, 1963 (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) that allow to unit both sexes for this mutillid and describe hitherto unknown male. A review of all the previous host records for the genus Ephuta Say, 1836 is given.
May 29, 2017: Zootaxa
Tiago G Pikart, Valmir A Costa, Christer Hansson, Sandra C DE Cristo, Marcelo D Vitorino
This paper deals with the description of two new species of Horismenus Walker (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) from Brazil, parasitoids of larvae of Adetus analis (Haldeman) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Both species are similar to Horismenus steirastomae (Girault), a species that also parasitizes cerambycids. Adetus analis is a pest of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz (Cucurbitaceae), a minor crop in Brazil, Argentina and U.S.A., but also feeds in stems of Pereskia aculeata Miller (Cactaceae), an ornamental plant that has become a problematic weed species in Africa, where it was introduced...
May 30, 2017: Zootaxa
A P Ranjith, Sergey A Belokobylskij, Donald L J Quicke, Rebecca N Kittel, Buntika A Butcher, M Nasser
A new Hormiinae genus Indohormius gen. nov. with type species I. keralensis sp. nov. is described and illustrated. Comparison of this genus with some Hormiinae and Rhyssalinae genera are provided. The composition of the subfamily Hormiinae and the position of the new genus on a molecular phylogenetic tree are discussed.
May 30, 2017: Zootaxa
Jiachen Zhu, Cornelis VAN Achterberg, Xue-Xin Chen
A new alysiine genus (Braconidae, Alysiinae, Alysiini) from SE China, Dacnulysia gen. nov. (type species: D. chaenomastax sp. nov.) with aberrant mandible and head shape is described and illustrated. A new species of the genus Phaenocarpa Foerster, 1863, with an aberrant ovipositor, P. platychora sp. nov., from SE China is included as type species in a new subgenus, Clistalysia nov. A key to the subgenera of Phaenocarpa Foerster is included; Idiolexis Foerster, 1863, and Kahlia Ashmead, 1900, are recognised as valid subgenera...
May 30, 2017: Zootaxa
Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen, Zai-Fu Xu
The genus Zethus Fabricius, 1804, is newly recorded from China. The male of Zethus malayanus Gusenleitner, 2010 is described and figured for the first time. Zethus nanlingensis Nguyen & Xu, sp. nov. (South China, Guangdong) is described and figured.
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Arati Pannure, Vasuki V Belavadi, James M Carpenter
Discoelius vasukii Pannure & Carpenter, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Tamil Nadu, India.        Discoelius Latreille, 1809 is a small genus of solitary wasp with ten species and one subspecies described, of which D. aurantiacus Nguyen, D. emeishanensus Zhou & Li, D. esakii Yasumatsu, D. longinodus Yamane, D. nigriclypeus Zhou & Li, D. turneri (Meade-Waldo), D. wangi Yamane and D. zonalis (Panzer) are recorded from Oriental Region (Zhou et al. 2013; Nguyen 2016). Only a single species, D...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Hu-Ting Zhou, Arkady S Lelej, Zai-Fu Xu
The subfamily Rhopalomutillinae of the family Mutillidae, represented by the genus Pherotilla Brothers, 2015, is newly recorded from China. Pherotilla brothersi Zhou, Lelej & Xu, sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) is described and illustrated. A key to the Oriental species of Pherotilla is given.
June 7, 2017: Zootaxa
Serguei V Triapitsyn, K Eric Kwadjo, Yaima Arocha Rosete
A new Afrotropical species of Anagrus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), A. nedotepae Triapitsyn sp. n., is described and illustrated. The type series was reared from parasitized eggs of the leafhopper Nedotepa curta Dmitriev (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) during a survey for its natural enemies in Côte d'Ivoire. This peculiar leafhopper, recently described from Ghana (Dmitriev 2016), lays its eggs on leaflets of coconut palm, and could be an economically important pest of this crop in West Africa, particularly because it is a suspected vector of the phytoplasma associated with the Côte d'Ivoire Lethal Yellowing disease of coconut, as characterized by Arocha-Rosete et al...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Umberto Bernardo, Liberata Gualtieri, Francesco Nugnes, Elisa Verdolini, Paola Riolo, Gennaro Viggiani
A new species of Soikiella Nowicki (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) that emerged mostly from galls induced by Dryocosmus kuriphilus Yasumatsu (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on chestnut is described from Italy. The characterization of the new taxon, Soikiella italica Viggiani sp. n., was performed through a morpho-molecular approach. A key to the species of Soikiella is given. Emerging from the same samples were a few females of an unidentified species of Trichogramma Westwood that likely emerged from eggs of Lepidoptera associated with the galls...
March 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Donald L J Quicke, Buntika A Butcher, A P Ranjith, Sergey A Belokobylskij
The Asian species of Trigastrotheca are revised. Four species are described as new: T. pariyanonthae sp. nov. from Thailand, T. sureeratae sp. nov. from Thailand, T. luzonensis sp. nov. from the Philippines, and T. maetoi sp. nov. from Indonesia (Kalimantan). Trigastrotheca tridentata (Enderlein) is redescribed and recorded from India for the first time. A key is provided to differentiate all non-Afrotropical species of the genus.
March 9, 2017: Zootaxa
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