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Scott P Egan, Kelly L Weinersmith, Sean Liu, Ryan D Ridenbaugh, Y Miles Zhang, Andrew A Forbes
A new species of the genus Euderus Haliday, Euderus setsp. n., is described and illustrated from the southeastern United States, where it parasitizes the crypt gall wasp, Bassettia pallida Ashmead, 1896, on live oaks in the genus Quercus (subsection Virentes). This is the 1(st) species of the genus reported from the southeastern United States to parasitize cynipid gall wasps and the 3(rd) species of the genus reported to attack cynipids in North America. Modified sections of the identification keys to subgenera and species of Euderus (Yoshimoto, 1971) are included to integrate the new species...
2017: ZooKeys
Alexey A Polilov, Anastasia A Makarova
The study of the influence of body size on structure in animals, as well as scaling of organs, is one of the key areas of functional and evolutionary morphology of organisms. Most studies in this area treated mammals or birds; comparatively few studies are available on other groups of animals. Insects, because of the huge range of their body sizes and because of their colossal diversity, should be included in the discussion of the problem of scaling and allometry in animals, but to date they remain insufficiently studied...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Z Yan, J J Yue, C Bai, Z Q Peng, C H Zhang
The endoparasitoid Microplitis prodeniae Rao and Chandry is an important potential augmentative biological control agent for lepidopteran pests of vegetables and tobacco. However, cold storage of pupae is required to ensure that sufficient parasitoids are available when they are needed in the field. In this study, pupae were maintained at 0, 4 or 10°C for 5-50 days after which the adults were evaluated for emergence, pre-emergence period, sex ratio, female longevity, oviposition period, and fecundity. Cold storage did not affect the pre-emergence period or proportion of females; however, there was a significant reduction in emergence, female longevity, oviposition period, and fecundity with increased exposure to cold...
February 21, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
S Quirce, J Delgado, L M Entrenas, M Grande, C Llorente, A López Viña, E Martínez Moragón, E Mascarós, J Molina, J M Olaguibel, L A Pérez de Llano, M Perpiñá Tordera, J A Quintano, M Rodríguez, M Román-Rodriguez, J Sastre, J A Trigueros, A L Valero, A C Zoni, V Plaza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
T Alfaya Arias, V Soriano Gómis, T Soto Mera, A Vega Castro, J M Vega Gutiérrez, A Alonso Llamazares, D Antolín Amérigo, F J Carballada Gonzalez, C Dominguez Noche, D Gutierrez Fernandez, L Marques Amat, A Martinez Arcediano, M Martinez San Ireneo, A Moreno Ancillo, Y Puente Crespo, B Ruiz Leon, L Sánchez Morillas
In this review, the Hymenoptera Allergy Committee of the SEAIC analyzes the most recent scientific literature addressing problems related to the diagnosis of hymenoptera allergy and to management of venom immunotherapy. Molecular diagnosis and molecular risk profiles are the key areas addressed. The appearance of new species of hymenoptera that are potentially allergenic in Spain and the associated diagnostic and therapeutic problems are also described. Finally, we analyze the issue of mast cell activation syndrome closely related to hymenoptera allergy, which has become a new diagnostic challenge for allergists given its high prevalence in patients with venom anaphylaxis...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Malte Petersen, Karen Meusemann, Alexander Donath, Daniel Dowling, Shanlin Liu, Ralph S Peters, Lars Podsiadlowski, Alexandros Vasilikopoulos, Xin Zhou, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis
BACKGROUND: Orthology characterizes genes of different organisms that arose from a single ancestral gene via speciation, in contrast to paralogy, which is assigned to genes that arose via gene duplication. An accurate orthology assignment is a crucial step for comparative genomic studies. Orthologous genes in two organisms can be identified by applying a so-called reciprocal search strategy, given that complete information of the organisms' gene repertoire is available. In many investigations, however, only a fraction of the gene content of the organisms under study is examined (e...
February 16, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
J de B Pazini, R A Pasini, M Rakes, F S de Armas, E J Seidel, J F da S Martins, A D Grützmacher
The use of insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides commonly occurs in mixtures in tanks in order to control phytosanitary problems in crops. However, there is no information regarding the effects of these mixtures on non-target organisms associated to the rice agroecosystem. The aim of this study was to know the toxicity of pesticide tank mixtures from rice crops against Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Based on the methods adapted from the International Organisation for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (IOBC), adults of T...
February 14, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
Rocío Ana González-Vaquero, Carlo Polidori, José Luis Nieves-Aldrey
We describe a new species of Corynura Spinola, a socially polymorphic genus within the bee tribe Augochlorini (Halictidae). We present a detailed description of both sexes of Corynura (Corynura) moscosensis n. sp. González-Vaquero, images of diagnostic morphological structures and antennal sensilla, floral associations, distributional data and notes on its nesting biology. Corynura moscosensis n. sp. is similar in appearance to C. (C.) chloromelas (Alfken), but it can be distinguished by the sculpturing of the mesoscutum and the hair types on the propodeum in the female, and by the genitalia and extent of the area exclusively covered by sensilla placoidea on the antennal flagellum of the male...
January 16, 2017: Zootaxa
Andrey I Khalaim
Three species of the genus Allophrys Förster are found to occur in Japan: A. matsumurai sp. nov., A. takemotoi sp. nov. and a third morphospecies known only from males. This is the first description of Allophrys species from Japan, as well as from the entire Palaearctic region. An identification key to Japanese species of Allophrys is provided.
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
Akihiko Shinohara, Hideho Hara, Katja Kramp, Stephan M Blank, Yuichi Kameda
We made a molecular phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene sequences for ten unidentified Megaxyela larvae from Hokkaido, Honshu and Shikoku, Japan, and 15 identified adults of four Megaxyela, one Macroxyela and three Xyela species. It revealed that all larvae belonged to M. togashii Shinohara, 1992, which showed rather large intraspecific genetic variability even among the individuals from the same population. This is the first distribution record of M. togashii from Hokkaido...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
Akihiko Shinohara, Y U Kato
Based on a recently collected specimen, we describe the previously unknown female of Acantholyda flaviventris Shinohara, 1991, and give a revised key to the females of the 14 species of the genus distributed in Japan.
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
Andres Fabian Herrera-Florez, Mariana Geraldo, Manoel Martins Dias Filho, Angelica Penteado-Dias
The genus Jomine Graf-Kumagai has two described species known only from Brazil. A new species, J. paulista Herrera-Florez sp. n. is described and its host is given here. The material used in this work was obtained during a survey of the Geometridae larvae and their parasitoids in an understory at São Paulo, Brazil. An identification key to the species of Jomine is provided.
January 26, 2017: Zootaxa
Cornelis VAN Achterberg, Sean R Thackeray, Martin P Hill
A new species, Phanerotoma carobivora van Achterberg & Thackeray, sp. nov. is described from South Africa. It is a common endoparasitoid of the carob moth (Ectomyelois ceratoniae Zeller (Pyralidae) on pecan (Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch) and citrus fruits in South Africa. Mean percentage of parasitism varied 2-30% between host plants and sampled localities.
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Q I Yue, Yi-Cheng Li, Zai-Fu Xu
A new species, Polochridium spinosum Yue, Li & Xu, sp. nov. (China: Hunan, Shaanxi, Henan), is described and illustrated. A key to the four Chinese species of Sapygidae is given.
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Holger H Dathe, Maxim Yu Proshchalykin
The type specimens of the bee genus Hylaeus Fabricius, 1793 described by Ferdinand Morawitz from Asia and deposited in the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University and in the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences St. Petersburg, are critically reviewed. Precise information with illustrations of types for 39 taxa is provided. New synonymy is established for Hylaeus incongruus Förster, 1871 (= H. biareolatus Morawitz, 1876, syn. nov.); H. breviceps Morawitz, 1876 (= H. bivittatus Morawitz, 1876, syn...
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
A P Ranjith, S Santhosh, M Nasser
The extremely rare, monotypic genus Lyricibracon Quicke, previously known only from L. bicolorus Quicke in Brunei, is recorded from the Indian subcontinent for the first time through description of Lyricibracon jenningsi sp. nov. The two species are described, keyed and illustrated. The genus is a member of the Plesiobracon group of genera of the tribe Braconini.
February 3, 2017: Zootaxa
Andreas Taeger, Akihiko Shinohara, Katja Kramp
The species formerly known as Pachyprotasis nigronotata Kriechbaumer, 1874 in Japan is described as P. kojimai Taeger & Shinohara, sp. nov. Both taxa are not very closely related, but were hitherto mixed up because of their similar coloration. The new species is endemic to the mountains of central Honshu and P. nigronotata is to be deleted from the fauna of Japan.
February 6, 2017: Zootaxa
Philip S Ward
The Pseudomyrmex ferrugineus group contains the Mesoamerican acacia-ants, an assemblage of species that inhabit and protect swollen-thorn acacias (Vachellia spp.). Recent phylogenetic studies have confirmed the existence of two generalist (dead twig-inhabiting) species that are embedded within the P. ferrugineus group. They are described here as P. evitus sp. nov. (occurring from Mexico to Costa Rica) and P. feralis sp. nov. (Guatemala). The morphological definition of the P. ferrugineus group is revised to incorporate additional variability in the worker and queen castes...
February 6, 2017: Zootaxa
Rogério B Lopes, Fernando B Noll, Lionel A Stange
Zethus wileyi Stange sp. nov. (Panama) is described and a cladistic analysis is carried in order to determine the relationship between the new species and the other species in the hilarianus species-group. The new species is assigned to its own new species-group due to evident differences in the morphology.
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Sheng Sheng, Cheng-Wu Liao, Yu Zheng, Yu Zhou, Yan Xu, Wen-Miao Song, Peng He, Jian Zhang, Fu-An Wu
Meteorus pulchricornis is an endoparasitoid wasp which attacks the larvae of various lepidopteran pests. We present the first antennal transcriptome dataset for M. pulchricornis. A total of 48,845,072 clean reads were obtained and 34,967 unigenes were assembled. Of these, 15,458 unigenes showed a significant similarity (E-value <10(-5)) to known proteins in the NCBI non-redundant protein database. Gene ontology (GO) and cluster of orthologous groups (COG) analyses were used to classify the functions of M...
January 31, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
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