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Agnieszka Rewicz, Radomir Jaskuła, Tomasz Rewicz, Grzegorz Tończyk
BACKGROUND: Epipactis helleborine is an Eurasian orchid species which prefers woodland environments but it may also spontaneously and successfully colonise human-made artificial and disturbed habitats such as roadsides, town parks and gardens. It is suggested that orchids colonising anthropogenic habitats are characterised by a specific set of features (e.g., large plant size, fast flower production). However, as it is not well known how pollinator diversity and reproductive success of E...
2017: PeerJ
Amilcar Perez-Riverol, José Roberto Aparecido Dos Santos-Pinto, Alexis Musacchio Lasa, Mario Sergio Palma, Márcia Regina Brochetto-Braga
Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is a neotropical social wasp from southeast Brazil. As most social Hymenoptera, venom from P. paulista comprises a complex mixture of bioactive toxins ranging from low molecular weight compounds to peptides and proteins. Several efforts have been made to elucidate the molecular composition of the P. paulista venom. Data derived from proteomic, peptidomic and allergomic analyses has enhanced our understanding of the whole envenoming process caused by the insect sting...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
Martín Pablo Porrini, Leonardo Pablo Porrini, Paula Melisa Garrido, Carlos de Melo E Silva Neto, Darío Pablo Porrini, Fernando Muller, Laura Alejandra Nuñez, Leopoldo Alvarez, Pedro Fernandez Iriarte, Martín Javier Eguaras
Besides the incipient research effort, the role of parasites as drivers of the reduction affecting pollinator populations is mostly unknown. Given the worldwide extension of the beekeeping practice and the diversity of pathogens affecting Apis mellifera populations, honey bee colonies are a certain source of parasite dispersion to other species. Here, we communicate the detection of the microsporidium Nosema ceranae, a relatively new parasite of honey bees, in stingless bees (Meliponini) and the social wasp Polybia scutellaris (Vespidae) samples from Argentina and Brazil by means of duplex PCR...
April 7, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Marco Selis
The Zethus luzonensis Giordani Soika, 1941, species-group is revised. A new species from Mindanao and Luzon in the Philippine Islands, Zethus soikai sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The female of Zethus luzonensis is redescribed and the true male is described. A key to the species of the group is provided.
February 16, 2017: Zootaxa
D A S Cunha, R S T Menezes, M A Costa, S M Lima, L H C Andrade, W F Antonialli
In the present work, we explored multiple data from different biological levels such as cuticular hydrocarbons, chromosomal features, and mtDNA sequences in the Neotropical social wasp Mischocyttarus consimilis (J.F. Zikán). Particularly, we explored the genetic and chemical differentiation level within and between populations of this insect. Our dataset revealed shallow intraspecific differentiation in M. consimilis. The similarity among the analyzed samples can probably be due to the geographical proximity where the colonies were sampled, and we argue that Paraná River did not contribute effectively as a historical barrier to this wasp...
March 2, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
Rogério B Lopes, Fernando B Noll, Lionel A Stange
Zethus wileyi Stange sp. nov. (Panama) is described and a cladistic analysis is carried in order to determine the relationship between the new species and the other species in the hilarianus species-group. The new species is assigned to its own new species-group due to evident differences in the morphology.
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Dangsheng Liang, Jose E Pietri
Several yellowjacket species are important pests in both their native habitat and in areas where they are invasive. Traps that contain one or more chemical attractants to lure insects inside are commonly used to combat these yellowjackets in urban environments. Usually, attractants are placed within the trap and combined indiscriminately, though little is known about how this design influences trap attractiveness or efficacy. Here, using the common attractant heptyl butyrate in combination with chicken extract, we demonstrate that spatial partitioning of attractants results in increased capture of the western yellowjacket Vespula pensylvanica-a widespread pestiferous species...
February 6, 2017: Insects
Juliana C Silva, Lázaro M Neto, Rogério C Neves, Jaqueline C Gonçalves, Monalisa M Trentini, Ricardo Mucury-Filho, Karina S Smidt, Isabel C Fensterseifer, Osmar N Silva, Lilian D Lima, Patricia B Clissa, Nathália Vilela, Fernanda Guilhelmelli, Luciano P Silva, Marisa Rangel, André Kipnis, Ildinete Silva-Pereira, Octavio L Franco, Ana P Junqueira-Kipnis, Anamelia L Bocca, Márcia R Mortari
Mastoparans, a class of peptides found in wasp venom, have significant effects following a sting as well as useful applications in clinical practice. Among these is their potential use in the control of micro-organisms that cause infectious diseases with a significant impact on society. Thus, the present study describes the isolation and identification of a mastoparan peptide from the venom of the social wasp Pseudopolybia vespiceps and evaluated its antimicrobial profile against bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium abscessus subsp...
February 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Y C Grandinete, F B Noll, R B Lopes
The external morphology and genitalia of the males of Stenonartonia mimica (Kohl 1907), Sphaeromenes discrepatus Giordani Soika, 1978 and Gamma bolivianum flavior Giordani Soika, 1990 are described for the first time.
December 20, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
Amilcar Perez-Riverol, Franco Dani Campos Pereira, Alexis Musacchio Lasa, Luis Gustavo Romani Fernandes, José Roberto Aparecido Dos Santos-Pinto, Débora Lais Justo-Jacomini, Gabriel Oliveira de Azevedo, Murilo Luiz Bazon, Mario Sergio Palma, Ricardo de Lima Zollner, Márcia Regina Brochetto-Braga
Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is a clinically relevant social wasp that frequently causes stinging accidents in southeast Brazil. To date, diagnosis and specific immunotherapy (SIT) of allergy are based on the use of crude venom extracts. Production of recombinant forms of major allergens from P. paulista venom will improve diagnosis and SIT of allergic patients by reducing the incidence of cross-reactivity and non-specific sensitization. Here, we describe the molecular cloning, heterologous expression, purification and IgE-mediated immunodetection of phospholipase A1 (Poly p 1), a major allergen from P...
December 15, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Federico Lopez-Osorio, Kurt M Pickett, James M Carpenter, Bryan A Ballif, Ingi Agnarsson
The phylogenetic relationships among genera of the subfamily Vespinae (yellowjackets and hornets) remain unclear. Yellowjackets and hornets constitute one of the only two lineages of highly eusocial wasps, and the distribution of key behavioral traits correlates closely with the current classification of the group. The potential of the Vespinae to elucidate the evolution of social life, however, remains limited due to ambiguous genus-level relationships. Here, we address the relationships among genera within the Vespinae using transcriptomic (RNA-seq) data...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Arati Pannure, Vasuki V Belavadi, James M Carpenter
The family Vespidae is represented in India by four subfamilies: Vespinae, Polistinae, Stenogastrinae, and Eumeninae. The subfamily Eumeninae is the most species rich among the Vespidae. The potter wasps of south India are reviewed for the first time to comprise 31 valid genera. The genera Discoelius Latreille, 1809, Coeleumenes van der Vecht, 1963, Euodynerus Dalla torre, 1904, and Pseudonortonia Giordani Soika, 1936 are newly reported from south India. Diagnoses and a key to south Indian eumenine genera are given...
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
Yuri Campanholo Grandinete, Fernando Barbosa Noll, James Carpenter
Three new species from the Neotropical region are described: Ancistroceroides soikai Grandinete & Carpenter, sp. nov. (Costa Rica, Paraguay); Cephalastor huautla Grandinete & Carpenter, sp. nov. (Mexico), and Symmorphus centralis Carpenter & Grandinete, sp. nov. (Costa Rica).
September 9, 2016: Zootaxa
Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen
The genus Discoelius Latreille, 1809, is newly recorded from Vietnam. Discoelius aurantiacus Nguyen, sp. nov. and D. nigerrimus Nguyen, sp. nov. are described and figured from Northern Vietnam (Lao Cai).
August 24, 2016: Zootaxa
Girish P Kumar, James M Carpenter, Pavittu M Sureshan
A review of 20 Indian species of the genus Antepipona de Saussure with a key to species and subspecies is provided. A new synonymy is proposed for Antepipona biguttata (Fabricius, 1787) =A. excelsa keralensis Lambert, 2004, syn. nov. The parasitic association of Strepsiptera is reported for the first time in the genus Antepipona. Antepipona rufescens (Smith, 1857) is newly recorded from India and A. ovalis (de Saussure, 1853) from Bangladesh. The reported distributions of ten species within India are enlarged...
August 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Viviana DE Oliveira Torres, Eva Ramona Pereira Soares, Luan Dias Lima, Sandro Marcio Lima, Luis Humberto DA Cunha Andrade, William Fernando Antonialli-Junior
Social wasps can face many challenges during their colony cycle, including the presence of parasites. The order Strepsiptera is among the main parasites of the wasp genus Polistes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an endoparasite species on the host Polistes ferreri, with the hypothesis that females of this social wasp would undergo morphophysiological alterations as well as changes in their cuticular chemical profile caused by the obligate endoparasite. On average, parasitism was found in 10% of the colonies studied...
August 30, 2016: Parasitology
Márcia Renata Mortari, Alexandra Olimpio Siqueira Cunha, Ruither Oliveira Gomes Carolino, Juliana de Castro E Silva, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Wagner Ferreira Dos Santos
CONTEXT: Thr(6)-bradykinin is a peptide found in the venom of social and solitary wasps. This kinin, along with other bradykinin-like peptides, is known to cause irreversible paralysis in insects by presynaptic blockade of cholinergic transmission. However, this activity has never been tested in mammals. OBJECTIVE: As such, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Thr(6)-bradykinin on the cholinergic system of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The peptide was isolated from the venom of the Neotropical social wasp Polybia occidentalis Olivier (Vespidae)...
December 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
R Aranda, G Graciolli
Environmental heterogeneity is a major factor influencing the spatial distribution of organisms. Due to intimate relationships with their hosts, parasitic insects are inclined to be even more sensitive to variations. This study aimed to verify the relationship between spatial distribution of Mutillidae, potential hosts, and the effect of heterogeneity in the distribution of both, testing the hypotheses: i) the spatial distribution of mutillids depends on the distribution of hosts and ii) variation in environmental heterogeneity affects the distribution of both...
October 2016: Environmental Entomology
Ana Julia Pereira, Gabriela I Pirk, Juan C Corley
Vespula vulgaris is an invasive scavenging social wasp that has very recently arrived in Patagonia (Argentina), a territory previously invaded - 35 yrs earlier - by another wasp, Vespula germanica Although V. vulgaris wasps possess features that could be instrumental in overcoming obstacles through several invasion stages, the presence of preestablished populations of V. germanica could affect their success. We studied the potential role played by V. germanica on the subsequent invasion process of V. vulgaris wasps in Patagonia by focusing on the foraging interaction between both species...
2016: Journal of Insect Science
A Mendonça, M C Paula, W D Fernandes, L H C Andrade, S M Lima, W F Antonialli-Junior
Wasps are able to synthesize toxic compounds known as venoms, which form a part of a mechanism to overcome prey and also to defend their colonies. Study of the compounds that constitute these substances is essential in order to understand how this defense mechanism evolved, since there is evidence that the venoms can vary both intra- and interspecifically. Some studies have used liquid and gas chromatography as a reliable technique to analyze these compounds. However, the use of Fourier transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FTIR-PAS) to analyze the variations in venom's chemical profile has been proposed recently...
February 2017: Neotropical Entomology
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