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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925338/foraging-behaviour-of-the-exotic-wasp-vespula-germanica-hymenoptera-vespidae-on-a-native-caterpillar-defoliator
#1
A L Pietrantuono, S Moreyra, M Lozada
Vespula germanica is a social wasp and an opportunistic predator. While foraging, these wasps learn and integrate different kinds of cues. They have successfully invaded many parts of the world, including native Nothofagus and Lophozonia forests located in the Andean-Patagonian region, where they forage on native arthropods. Perzelia arda, a lepidopteron defoliator of Lophozonia obliqua, uses the foliage to hide in and feed on. The purpose of this work is to study whether V. germanica use olfactory cues when foraging on P...
September 19, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922898/brewer-s-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-enhances-attraction-of-two-invasive-yellowjackets-hymenoptera-vespidae-to-dried-fruit-and-fruit-powder
#2
Tamara Babcock, Regine Gries, John Borden, Luis Palmero, Analía Mattiacci, Maité Masciocchi, Juan Corley, Gerhard Gries
The German yellowjacket, Vespula germanica F., and common yellowjacket, Vespula vulgaris L. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), are pests of significant economic, environmental, and medical importance in many countries. There is a need for the development and improvement of attractive baits that can be deployed in traps to capture and kill these wasps in areas where they are a problem. Yellowjackets are known to feed on fermenting fruit, but this resource is seldom considered as a bait due to its ephemeral nature and its potential attractiveness to nontarget species...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887149/transcriptome-and-target-dna-enrichment-sequence-data-provide-new-insights-into-the-phylogeny-of-vespid-wasps-hymenoptera-aculeata-vespidae
#3
Sarah Bank, Manuela Sann, Christoph Mayer, Karen Meusemann, Alexander Donath, Lars Podsiadlowski, Alexey Kozlov, Malte Petersen, Lars Krogmann, Rudolf Meier, Paolo Rosa, Thomas Schmitt, Mareike Wurdack, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Bernhard Misof, Ralph S Peters, Oliver Niehuis
The wasp family Vespidae comprises more than 5000 described species which represent life history strategies ranging from solitary and presocial to eusocial and socially parasitic. The phylogenetic relationships of the major vespid wasp lineages (i.e., subfamilies and tribes) have been investigated repeatedly by analyzing behavioral and morphological traits as well as nucleotide sequences of few selected genes with largely incongruent results. Here we reconstruct their phylogenetic relationships using a phylogenomic approach...
September 6, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837089/heterologous-expression-purification-and-immunoreactivity-of-the-antigen-5-from-polybia-paulista-wasp-venom
#4
Murilo Luiz Bazon, Amilcar Perez-Riverol, José Roberto Aparecido Dos Santos-Pinto, Luis Gustavo Romani Fernandes, Alexis Musacchio Lasa, Débora Laís Justo-Jacomini, Mario Sergio Palma, Ricardo de Lima Zollner, Márcia Regina Brochetto-Braga
Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is responsible for a high number of sting accidents and anaphylaxis events in Southeast Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The specific detection of allergy to the venom of this wasp is often hampered by the lack of recombinant allergens currently available for molecular diagnosis. Antigen 5 (~23 kDa) from P. paulista venom (Poly p 5) is a highly abundant and glycosylated allergenic protein that could be used for development of component-resolved diagnosis (CRD). Here, we describe the cloning and heterologous expression of the antigen 5 (rPoly p 5) from P...
August 24, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805639/development-and-evolution-of-brain-allometry-in-wasps-vespidae-size-ecology-and-sociality
#5
REVIEW
Sean O'Donnell, Susan Bulova
We review research on brain development and brain evolution in the wasp family Vespidae. Basic vespid neuroanatomy and some aspects of functional neural circuitry are well-characterized, and genomic tools for exploring brain plasticity are being developed. Although relatively modest in terms of species richness, the Vespidae include species spanning much of the known range of animal social complexity, from solitary nesters to highly eusocial species with some of the largest known colonies and multiple reproductives...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759475/component-resolved-diagnostics-for-hymenoptera-venom-allergy
#6
Thilo Jakob, Ulrich Müller, Arthur Helbling, Edzard Spillner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Component-resolved diagnostics makes use of defined allergen molecules to analyse IgE-mediated sensitizations at a molecular level. Here, we review recent studies on the use of component-resolved diagnostics in the field of Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) and discuss its benefits and limitations. RECENT FINDINGS: Component resolution in HVA has moved from single molecules to panels of allergens. Detection of specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) to marker and cross-reactive venom allergens has been reported to facilitate the discrimination between primary sensitization and cross-reactivity and thus, to provide a better rationale for prescribing venom immunotherapy (VIT), particularly in patients sensitized to both honeybee and vespid venom...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754346/characterization-of-two-peptides-isolated-from-the-venom-of-social-wasp-chartergellus-communis-hymenoptera-vespidae-influence-of-multiple-alanine-residues-and-c-terminal-amidation-on-biological-effects
#7
Kamila Soares Lopes, Gabriel Avohay Alves Campos, Luana Cristina Camargo, Adolfo Carlos Barros de Souza, Beatriz Vasconcelos Ibituruna, Ana Carolina Martins Magalhães, Lucas Ferreira da Rocha, Alessa Bembom Garcia, Mosar Correa Rodrigues, Dagon Manoel Ribeiro, Michelle Cruz Costa, Manuel Humberto Mera López, Luciana Marangni Nolli, Fernando Zamudio-Zuniga, Lourival Domingos Possani, Elisabeth Ferroni Schwartz, Márcia Renata Mortari
Chatergellus communis is a wasp species endemic to the neotropical region and its venom constituents have never been described. In this study, two peptides from C. communis venom, denominated Communis and Communis-AAAA, were chemically and biologically characterized. In respect to the chemical characterization, the following amino acid sequences and molecular masses were identified: Communis: Ile-Asn-Trp-Lys-Ala-Ile-Leu-Gly-Lys-Ile-Gly-Lys-COOH (1340.9Da) Communis-AAAA: Ile-Asn-Trp-Lys-Ala-Ile-Leu-Gly-Lys-Ile-Gly-Lys-Ala-Ala-Ala-Ala-Val-Xle-NH2 (1836...
July 25, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715452/including-irrigation-in-niche-modelling-of-the-invasive-wasp-vespula-germanica-fabricius-improves-model-fit-to-predict-potential-for-further-spread
#8
Marelize de Villiers, Darren J Kriticos, Ruan Veldtman
The European wasp, Vespula germanica (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), is of Palaearctic origin, being native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia, and introduced into North America, Chile, Argentina, Iceland, Ascension Island, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Due to its polyphagous nature and scavenging behaviour, V. germanica threatens agriculture and silviculture, and negatively affects biodiversity, while its aggressive nature and venomous sting pose a health risk to humans. In areas with warmer winters and longer summers, queens and workers can survive the winter months, leading to the build-up of large nests during the following season; thereby increasing the risk posed by this species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659767/hornets-have-it-a-conserved-olfactory-subsystem-for-social-recognition-in-hymenoptera
#9
Antoine Couto, Aniruddha Mitra, Denis Thiéry, Frédéric Marion-Poll, Jean-Christophe Sandoz
Eusocial Hymenoptera colonies are characterized by the presence of altruistic individuals, which rear their siblings instead of their own offspring. In the course of evolution, such sterile castes are thought to have emerged through the process of kin selection, altruistic traits being transmitted to following generation if they benefit relatives. By allowing kinship recognition, the detection of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) might be instrumental for kin selection. In carpenter ants, a female-specific olfactory subsystem processes CHC information through antennal detection by basiconic sensilla...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610278/first-record-of-the-genus-i-zethus-i-fabricius-1804-hymenoptera-vespidae-eumeninae-from-china-with-description-of-a-new-species
#10
Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen, Zai-Fu Xu
The genus Zethus Fabricius, 1804, is newly recorded from China. The male of Zethus malayanus Gusenleitner, 2010 is described and figured for the first time. Zethus nanlingensis Nguyen & Xu, sp. nov. (South China, Guangdong) is described and figured.
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610275/a-new-species-of-the-genus-i-discoelius-i-latreille-1809-hymenoptera-vespidae-eumeninae-from-india
#11
Arati Pannure, Vasuki V Belavadi, James M Carpenter
Discoelius vasukii Pannure & Carpenter, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Tamil Nadu, India.        Discoelius Latreille, 1809 is a small genus of solitary wasp with ten species and one subspecies described, of which D. aurantiacus Nguyen, D. emeishanensus Zhou & Li, D. esakii Yasumatsu, D. longinodus Yamane, D. nigriclypeus Zhou & Li, D. turneri (Meade-Waldo), D. wangi Yamane and D. zonalis (Panzer) are recorded from Oriental Region (Zhou et al. 2013; Nguyen 2016). Only a single species, D...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515497/invasion-dynamics-of-asian-hornet-vespa-velutina-hymenoptera-vespidae-a-case-study-of-a-commune-in-south-west-france
#12
Daniel N Franklin, Mike A Brown, Samik Datta, Andrew G S Cuthbertson, Giles E Budge, Matt J Keeling
Asian hornet, Vespa velutina Lepeletier nests were discovered in 2007 in Andernos-les-Bains on the south-west coast of France, 3 years after the first reported sightings in France. The number of nests increased in the commune over the following 7 years, despite local authorities enacting a destruction policy. The nests existed in close proximity to one another leading to a high density of over 10 nests per square kilometre in urban areas. New information on the chosen habitat for nests is presented, and the differences between primary and secondary locations are evident, with primary nests mostly occupying buildings and man-made structures, while secondary nests were found on trees...
2017: Applied Entomology and Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512035/the-predatory-behavior-of-the-neotropical-social-wasp-polybia-rejecta
#13
Alain Dejean, Héctor Rodríguez-Pérez, James M Carpenter, Frédéric Azémar, Bruno Corbara
We experimentally studied the predatory behavior of Polybia rejecta (Vespidae, Polistinae, Epiponini) towards 2-88 mm-long insects attracted to a UV light trap. Foragers, which began to hunt at 6:30, selected 4-14 mm-long prey insects. Prey detection by sight by hovering wasps was confirmed using decoys. After the wasps landed and walked along a sinuous path, prey were detected by contact or from a distance (1-3cm). This was followed by seizure, stinging (contrarily to most other known cases), prey manipulation and retrieval...
May 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439457/pollinator-diversity-and-reproductive-success-of-epipactis-helleborine-l-crantz-orchidaceae-in-anthropogenic-and-natural-habitats
#14
Agnieszka Rewicz, Radomir Jaskuła, Tomasz Rewicz, Grzegorz Tończyk
BACKGROUND: Epipactis helleborine is an Eurasian orchid species which prefers woodland environments but it may also spontaneously and successfully colonise human-made artificial and disturbed habitats such as roadsides, town parks and gardens. It is suggested that orchids colonising anthropogenic habitats are characterised by a specific set of features (e.g., large plant size, fast flower production). However, as it is not well known how pollinator diversity and reproductive success of E...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435107/wasp-venomic-unravelling-the-toxins-arsenal-of-polybia-paulista-venom-and-its-potential-pharmaceutical-applications
#15
REVIEW
Amilcar Perez-Riverol, José Roberto Aparecido Dos Santos-Pinto, Alexis Musacchio Lasa, Mario Sergio Palma, Márcia Regina Brochetto-Braga
Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is a neotropical social wasp from southeast Brazil. As most social Hymenoptera, venom from P. paulista comprises a complex mixture of bioactive toxins ranging from low molecular weight compounds to peptides and proteins. Several efforts have been made to elucidate the molecular composition of the P. paulista venom. Data derived from proteomic, peptidomic and allergomic analyses has enhanced our understanding of the whole envenoming process caused by the insect sting...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389730/nosema-ceranae-in-south-american-native-stingless-bees-and-social-wasp
#16
Martín Pablo Porrini, Leonardo Pablo Porrini, Paula Melisa Garrido, Carlos de Melo E Silva Neto, Darío Pablo Porrini, Fernando Muller, Laura Alejandra Nuñez, Leopoldo Alvarez, Pedro Fernandez Iriarte, Martín Javier Eguaras
Besides the incipient research effort, the role of parasites as drivers of the reduction affecting pollinator populations is mostly unknown. Given the worldwide extension of the beekeeping practice and the diversity of pathogens affecting Apis mellifera populations, honey bee colonies are a certain source of parasite dispersion to other species. Here, we communicate the detection of the microsporidium Nosema ceranae, a relatively new parasite of honey bees, in stingless bees (Meliponini) and the social wasp Polybia scutellaris (Vespidae) samples from Argentina and Brazil by means of duplex PCR...
April 7, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264375/revision-of-the-i-zethus-luzonensis-i-species-group-hymenoptera-vespidae-eumeninae-with-description-of-a-new-species
#17
Marco Selis
The Zethus luzonensis Giordani Soika, 1941, species-group is revised. A new species from Mindanao and Luzon in the Philippine Islands, Zethus soikai sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The female of Zethus luzonensis is redescribed and the true male is described. A key to the species of the group is provided.
February 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255952/integrated-analyses-of-cuticular-hydrocarbons-chromosome-and-mtdna-in-the-neotropical-social-wasp-mischocyttarus-consimilis-zik%C3%A3-n-hymenoptera-vespidae
#18
D A S Cunha, R S T Menezes, M A Costa, S M Lima, L H C Andrade, W F Antonialli
In the present work, we explored multiple data from different biological levels such as cuticular hydrocarbons, chromosomal features, and mtDNA sequences in the Neotropical social wasp Mischocyttarus consimilis (J.F. Zikán). Particularly, we explored the genetic and chemical differentiation level within and between populations of this insect. Our dataset revealed shallow intraspecific differentiation in M. consimilis. The similarity among the analyzed samples can probably be due to the geographical proximity where the colonies were sampled, and we argue that Paraná River did not contribute effectively as a historical barrier to this wasp...
March 2, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187557/-i-zethus-i-i-zethus-i-i-wileyi-i-hymenoptera-vespidae-eumeninae-a-new-species-with-its-own-species-group
#19
Rogério B Lopes, Fernando B Noll, Lionel A Stange
Zethus wileyi Stange sp. nov. (Panama) is described and a cladistic analysis is carried in order to determine the relationship between the new species and the other species in the hilarianus species-group. The new species is assigned to its own new species-group due to evident differences in the morphology.
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178183/enhanced-trapping-of-yellowjacket-wasps-hymenoptera-vespidae-via-spatial-partitioning-of-attractants
#20
Dangsheng Liang, Jose E Pietri
Several yellowjacket species are important pests in both their native habitat and in areas where they are invasive. Traps that contain one or more chemical attractants to lure insects inside are commonly used to combat these yellowjackets in urban environments. Usually, attractants are placed within the trap and combined indiscriminately, though little is known about how this design influences trap attractiveness or efficacy. Here, using the common attractant heptyl butyrate in combination with chicken extract, we demonstrate that spatial partitioning of attractants results in increased capture of the western yellowjacket Vespula pensylvanica-a widespread pestiferous species...
February 6, 2017: Insects
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