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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139250/-clinical-safety-imtensive-hospital-monitoring-on-shenfu-injection-with-30-106-cases
#1
Zhi-Fei Wang, Jin-Yang Yu, Yan-Ming Xie
This paper is to report the implementation and results of safety monitoring of Shenfu injection. Prospective, multicenter, large sample, registry-type centralized hospital monitoring mode was used, and the three-level quality control and anti-omissive mechanisms were used strictly. In the monitoring was carried out in 28 hospitals and lasted for 4 years. 30 106 patients were registered; ADE occurred in 114 patients, and ADR was identified in 23 patients with an incidence rate of 0.076% for ADR [95% confidence interval (0...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137233/outcome-of-patients-treated-for-myelodysplastic-syndromes-with-5q-deletion-after-failure-of-lenalidomide-therapy
#2
Thomas Prebet, Thomas Cluzeau, Sophie Park, Mikkael A Sekeres, Ulrich Germing, Lionel Ades, Uwe Platzbecker, Katharina Gotze, Norbert Vey, Esther Oliva, Mary M Sugrue, Cecile Bally, Charikleia Kelaidi, Najla Al Ali, Pierre Fenaux, Steven D Gore, Rami Komrokji
While lenalidomide (LEN) is the standard of care for the lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients with deletion 5q, 35% will not respond to or do not tolerate the drug. Moreover, most of the patients will lose their response after a few years. Defining the outcome of patients with LEN failure and determining the impact of subsequent therapies is therefore important to develop alternative strategies. Based on an international collaboration, we were able to compile a total of 392 patient cases of lower-risk MDS patients with 5q deletion and to analyze their outcome after failure of lenalidomide...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135696/effect-of-a-scenario-tailored-opioid-messaging-program-on-parents-risk-perceptions-and-opioid-decision-making
#3
Terri Voepel-Lewis, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Carol J Boyd, Philip T Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Monica Weber, Alan R Tait
OBJECTIVES: Poor parental understanding of prescription opioid risks is associated with potentially dangerous decisions that can contribute to adverse drug events (ADE) in children and adolescents. This study examined whether an interactive Scenario-Tailored Opioid Messaging Program (STOMP™) would (1) enhance opioid risk perceptions and (2) improve the safety of parents' decision-making. METHODS: 546 parents were randomized to receive the STOMP™ versus Control information and 516 completed the program...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132297/association-between-%C3%A3-2-adrenergic-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-adverse-events-of-ritodrine-in-the-treatment-of-preterm-labor-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Jee Eun Chung, Soo An Choi, Han Sung Hwang, Jin Young Park, Kyung Eun Lee, Jeong Yee, Young Ju Kim, Hye Sun Gwak
BACKGROUND: Ritodrine, a tocolytic β2-agonist, has been used extensively in Europe and Asia despite its safety concerns. This study was designed to identify associations between β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) polymorphisms and adverse drug events (ADEs) in patients with preterm labor treated with ritodrine. RESULTS: This follow-up study was prospectively conducted at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital in Korea. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ADRB2 gene (rs1042713, rs1042714, rs1042717, rs1042718, and rs1042719) were analyzed in 186 pregnant women with preterm labor...
November 13, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123330/markov-logic-networks-for-adverse-drug-event-extraction-from-text
#5
Sriraam Natarajan, Vishal Bangera, Tushar Khot, Jose Picado, Anurag Wazalwar, Vitor Santos Costa, David Page, Michael Caldwell
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a major concern and point of emphasis for the medical profession, government, and society. A diverse set of techniques from epidemiology, statistics, and computer science are being proposed and studied for ADE discovery from observational health data (e.g., EHR and claims data), social network data (e.g., Google and Twitter posts), and other information sources. Methodologies are needed for evaluating, quantitatively measuring, and comparing the ability of these various approaches to accurately discover ADEs...
May 2017: Knowledge and Information Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122447/a-tale-of-two-viruses-does-heterologous-flavivirus-immunity-enhance-zika-disease
#6
REVIEW
Carlos A Sariol, Mauricio L Nogueira, Nikos Vasilakis
The rise of Zika virus (ZIKV) and its unusual clinical manifestations provided ground for speculative debate. The clinical severity of secondary dengue virus (DENV) infections is associated with antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE), and it was recently suggested that previous exposure to DENV may worsen ZIKV clinical outcomes. In this Opinion article we analyze the relationship among different flaviviruses and ADE. We discuss new evidence obtained in non-human primates and human cohorts demonstrating that there is no correlation to ADE when ZIKV infection occurs in the presence of pre-existing DENV immunity...
November 6, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121053/adept-a-semantically-enriched-pipeline-for-extracting-adverse-drug-events-from-free-text-electronic-health-records
#7
Ehtesham Iqbal, Robbie Mallah, Daniel Rhodes, Honghan Wu, Alvin Romero, Nynn Chang, Olubanke Dzahini, Chandra Pandey, Matthew Broadbent, Robert Stewart, Richard J B Dobson, Zina M Ibrahim
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are unintended responses to medical treatment. They can greatly affect a patient's quality of life and present a substantial burden on healthcare. Although Electronic health records (EHRs) document a wealth of information relating to ADEs, they are frequently stored in the unstructured or semi-structured free-text narrative requiring Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to mine the relevant information. Here we present a rule-based ADE detection and classification pipeline built and tested on a large Psychiatric corpus comprising 264k patients using the de-identified EHRs of four UK-based psychiatric hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116169/a-zika-vaccine-targeting-ns1-protein-protects-immunocompetent-adult-mice-in-a-lethal-challenge-model
#8
Aaron C Brault, Arban Domi, Erin M McDonald, Dalit Talmi-Frank, Nathanael McCurley, Rahul Basu, Harriet L Robinson, Michael Hellerstein, Nisha K Duggal, Richard A Bowen, Farshad Guirakhoo
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has rapidly extended its geographic range around the world. Its association with abnormal fetal brain development, sexual transmission, and lack of a preventive vaccine have constituted a global health concern. Designing a safe and effective vaccine requires significant caution due to overlapping geographical distribution of ZIKV with dengue virus (DENV) and other flaviviruses, possibly resulting in more severe disease manifestations in flavivirus immune vaccinees such as Antibody-Dependent Enhancement (ADE, a phenomenon involved in pathogenesis of DENV, and a risk associated with ZIKV vaccines using the envelope proteins as immunogens)...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113095/dynamic-fracture-behavior-of-steel-fiber-reinforced-self-compacting-concretes-sfrsccs
#9
Xiaoxin Zhang, Gonzalo Ruiz, Manuel Tarifa, David Cendón, Francisco Gálvez, Waleed H Alhazmi
Three-point bending tests on notched beams of three types of steel fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete (SFRSCC) have been performed by using both a servo-hydraulic machine and a drop-weight impact instrument. The lo ading rates had a range of six orders of magnitude from 2.20 × 10(-3) mm/s (quasi-static) to 2.66 × 10³ mm/s. These SFRSCCs had the same matrix, but various types of steel fiber (straight and hooked-end) and contents (volume ratios), 0.51%, 0.77% and 1.23%, respectively. The results demonstrate that the fracture energy and the flexural strength increase as the loading rate increases...
November 5, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112938/impact-of-baseline-cytogenetic-findings-and-cytogenetic-response-on-outcome-of-high-risk-myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-low-blast-count-aml-treated-with-azacitidine
#10
Marie Sébert, Rami S Komrokji, Mikkael A Sekeres, Thomas Prebet, Thomas Cluzeau, Valeria Santini, Emmanuel Gyan, Alessandro Sanna, Najla HAl Ali, Sean Hobson, Virginie Eclache, Alan List, Pierre Fenaux, Lionel Adès
Karyotype according to the revised IPSS is a strong independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), however established in untreated patients. The prognostic impact of cytogenetics and cytogenetic response (CyR) in MDS patients receiving azacitidine (AZA) remains uncertain. We examined the prognostic value of baseline cytogenetics and CyR for overall response rate (ORR) and OS in 702 AZA-treated higher risk MDS and low blast count acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 493 (70%) with abnormal karyotype...
October 27, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112393/ring-fusion-of-perylene-diimide-acceptor-enabling-efficient-nonfullerene-organic-solar-cells-with-a-small-voltage-loss
#11
Jianquan Zhang, Yunke Li, Jiachen Huang, Huawei Hu, Guangye Zhang, Tingxuan Ma, Philip C Y Chow, Harald Ade, Ding Pan, He Yan
We report a novel small molecule acceptor (SMA) named FTTB-PDI4 obtained via ring-fusion between the thiophene and perylene diimide (PDI) units of a PDI-tetramer with a tetrathienylbezene (TTB) core. A small voltage loss of 0.53 V and a high power conversion efficiency of 10.58% were achieved, which is the highest value reported for PDI-based devices to date. By comparing the fused and nonfused SMAs, we show that the ring-fusion introduces several beneficial effects on the properties and performances of the acceptor material, including more favorable energy levels, enhanced light absorption and stronger intermolecular packing...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111222/ssel-ade-a-semi-supervised-ensemble-learning-framework-for-extracting-adverse-drug-events-from-social-media
#12
Jing Liu, Songzheng Zhao, Gang Wang
With the development of Web 2.0 technology, social media websites have become lucrative but under-explored data sources for extracting adverse drug events (ADEs), which is a serious health problem. Besides ADE, other semantic relation types (e.g., drug indication and beneficial effect) could hold between the drug and adverse event mentions, making ADE relation extraction - distinguishing ADE relationship from other relation types - necessary. However, conducting ADE relation extraction in social media environment is not a trivial task because of the expertise-dependent, time-consuming and costly annotation process, and the feature space's high-dimensionality attributed to intrinsic characteristics of social media data...
October 27, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110525/behavioural-correlates-of-energy-drink-consumption-among-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Ade Dawodu, Karen Cleaver
Despite regulatory measures on the labelling of energy drinks (EDs), their consumption among adolescents continues to grow in popularity, but teachers increasingly report significant behavioural concerns among students who disclose habitual ED consumption. A review of papers published between January 2010 and October 2016 was undertaken to determine whether an association between adverse behaviour and consumption of ED exists. Findings indicate that ED consumption among adolescents is associated with alcohol and substance use, risky behaviours and psychological states including sensation seeking, depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109757/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-ajuga-decumbens-extract-supplement-in-individuals-with-knee-discomfort-associated-with-physical-activity-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Yoko Sawada, Atsushi Sugimoto, Takehito Hananouchi, Norimasa Sato, Isao Nagaoka
The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the oral administration of Ajuga decumbens extract (ADE) supplement to individuals with knee discomfort associated with physical activity. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted using 48 subjects. The subjects were randomly allocated to an ADE diet group (oral administration of ADE-containing diet, n=24) or a placebo group (n=24), and the intervention was conducted for 12 weeks. A total of 22 subjects in the placebo group and 22 subjects in the ADE diet group were assessed to be eligible for assessment of the efficacy of supplement...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108486/role-of-insertion-sequence-aba-1-and-ades-in-reduced-tigecycline-susceptibility-in-mdr-acinetobacter-baumannii-clinical-isolates-from-cairo-egypt
#15
Reem Hassan, Ahmed Mukhtar, Ahmed Hasanin, Doaa Ghaith
Infections caused by multidrug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) especially in intensive care units have limited therapeutic options. Overexpression of the adeABC efflux pump may be caused either by the ISAba-1 insertion or by specific point mutations in adeR and adeS, therefore, plays a major role in conferring MDR-A. baumannii. We aimed in our study to monitor the tigecycline (TGC) susceptibility and to study the role of ISAba-1 and the adeS regulator within the AdeABC efflux pump among MDR-A...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107865/landmark-based-deep-multi-instance-learning-for-brain-disease-diagnosis
#16
Mingxia Liu, Jun Zhang, Ehsan Adeli, Dinggang Shen
In conventional Magnetic Resonance (MR) image based methods, two stages are often involved to capture brain structural information for disease diagnosis, i.e., 1) manually partitioning each MR image into a number of regions-of-interest (ROIs), and 2) extracting pre-defined features from each ROI for diagnosis with a certain classifier. However, these pre-defined features often limit the performance of the diagnosis, due to challenges in 1) defining the ROIs and 2) extracting effective disease-related features...
October 27, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105632/combinational-effects-of-non-n-hexane-fractions-of-ant-plant-myrmecodia-tuberosa-jack-hypocotyl-with-doxorubicin-against-lymphocyte-and-cancer-cells
#17
Ediati Sasmito, Sri Mulyani Mulyadi, Triana Hertiani, Annisa Qisthia Fathdhieny, Ade Azka Surya Witsqa, Yogi Sotya Laksono
Doxorubicin is widely used as a chemotherapeutic drug despite having many side effects. It may cause the dysfunction of macrophage, decreasing proliferation of lymphocytes, decreasing CD4+/CD8+ ratio and inducing hepatotoxicity. Doxorubicin inhibits the growth of Vero, HeLa, and T47D cell lines, and also induces a resistance of MCF-7 cells. Previous studies showed that ethanolic extract and ethyl acetate fraction of ant-plant (Myrmecodia tuberose Jack) hipocotyl could increase macrophage phagocytosis activity and lymphocyte proliferation in vitro...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102642/adsorptive-removal-of-indole-and-quinoline-from-model-fuel-using-adenine-grafted-metal-organic-frameworks
#18
Mithun Sarker, Ji Yoon Song, Ah Rim Jeong, Kil Sik Min, Sung Hwa Jhung
A highly porous metal-organic framework (MOF), MIL-101, was modified for the first time with the nucleobase adenine (Ade) by grafting onto the MOF. The Ade-grafted MOF, Ade-MIL-101, was further protonated to obtain P-Ade-MIL-101, and these MOFs were utilized to remove nitrogen-containing compounds (NCCs) (such as indole (IND) and quinoline (QUI)) from a model fuel by adsorption. These functionalized MOFs exhibited remarkable adsorption performance for NCCs compared with that shown by commercial activated carbon (AC) and pristine MIL-101, even though the porosities of the functionalized-MOFs were lower than that of pristine MIL-101...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097492/antibody-dependent-enhancement-of-severe-dengue-disease-in-humans
#19
Leah C Katzelnick, Lionel Gresh, M Elizabeth Halloran, Juan Carlos Mercado, Guillermina Kuan, Aubree Gordon, Angel Balmaseda, Eva Harris
For dengue viruses (DENV1-4), a specific range of antibody titer has been shown to enhance viral replication in vitro and severe disease in animal models. Although suspected, such antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of severe disease has not been shown to occur in humans. Using multiple statistical approaches to study a long-term pediatric cohort in Nicaragua, we show that risk of severe dengue disease is highest within a narrow range of pre-existing anti-DENV antibody titers. By contrast, we observe protection from all symptomatic dengue disease at high antibody titers...
November 2, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096842/safety-aspects-of-lipidapheresis-using-dali-and-monet-multicenter-observational-study
#20
Justyna Kozik-Jaromin, Eberhard Röseler, Franz Heigl, Ralf Spitthöver, Jens Ringel, Gerd Schmitz, Rainer Heinzler, Nadim Abdul-Rahman, Frank Leistikow, Frido Himmelsbach, Volker Schettler, Ingrid Uhlenbusch-Körwer, Wolfgang Ramlow
BACKGROUND: Lipidapheresis was introduced for intractable hyperlipidemia as a more selective therapy than plasma exchange aiming to enhance efficacy and limit side-effects. Although this therapy is regarded safe, multicenter data from routine application are limited. We investigated direct adsorption of lipoproteins (DALI) and lipofiltration (MONET) regarding the short and the long-term safety aspects. METHODS: This multicenter observational study prospectively evaluated 2154 DALI and 1297 MONET sessions of 122 patients during a period of 2 years...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
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