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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475058/using-intervention-mapping-for-child-development-and-wellbeing-programs-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings
#1
Amanda O'Connor, Claire Blewitt, Andrea Nolan, Helen Skouteris
Supporting children's social and emotional learning benefits all elements of children's development and has been associated with positive mental health and wellbeing, development of values and life skills. However, literature relating to the creation of interventions designed for use within the early childhood education and care settings to support children's social and emotional skills and learning is lacking. Intervention Mapping (IM) is a systematic intervention development framework, utilising principles centred on participatory co-design methods, multiple theoretical approaches and existing literature to enable effective decision-making during the development process...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474966/annual-burden-and-costs-of-hospitalization-for-high-need-high-cost-patients-with-chronic-gastrointestinal-and-liver-diseases
#2
Nghia H Nguyen, Rohan Khera, Lucila Ohno-Machado, William J Sandborn, Siddharth Singh
BACKGROUND: We estimated annual burden and costs of hospitalization in patients with chronic gastrointestinal and liver diseases, and identified characteristics of high-need, high-cost patients, in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Using Nationwide Readmissions Database 2013, we identified patients with at least 1 hospitalization between January-June 2013, and a diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), chronic liver diseases (CLDs), functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), gastrointestinal hemorrhage, or pancreatic diseases, with 6 months or more of follow up...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474639/-valuable-but-incomplete-a-qualitative-study-about-migrants-perspective-on-health-examinations-in-stockholm
#3
Jad Shedrawy, Knut Lönnroth, Asli Kulane
Background: A voluntary health examination is offered to asylum seekers in Sweden with the purpose of detecting infectious diseases and identifying other health needs. This study aimed to explore the organization, content and perceived value of the health examination from the perspective of asylum seekers. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 migrants recruited from different settings in Stockholm. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis in relation to the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality framework...
February 21, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474501/risk-assessment-and-hba1c-measurement-in-norwegian-community-pharmacies-to-identify-people-with-undiagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-feasibility-study
#4
Aslaug Johanne Risøy, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Sverre Sandberg, Una Ørvim Sølvik
OBJECTIVES: Determine the feasibility of using a diabetes risk assessment tool followed by HbA1c-measurement in a community-pharmacy setting in Norway. METHODS: In this longitudinal study two pharmacists in each of three community pharmacies were trained to perform risk assessments, HbA1c-measurements and counselling. Pharmacy customers who were > 18 years old and could understand and speak Norwegian or English were recruited in the pharmacies during a two-months-period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474499/risk-factors-control-for-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-men-evidence-from-the-aragon-workers-health-study-awhs
#5
Isabel Aguilar-Palacio, Sara Malo, Cristina Feja, MªJesús Lallana, Montserrat León-Latre, José Antonio Casasnovas, MªJosé Rabanaque, Eliseo Guallar
Benefits of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors control are well known, but goals achievement remains low. The objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of CVD risk factors among men ina worker's cohort with no previous CVD, to study control variations across time and the factors associated with poor control. To this end, we conducted a cohort reexamination (2010-2014) within the context of the Aragon Workers Health Study (AWHS). Data from working characteristics, analytical values and pharmacological prescription were included in the analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474267/perspectives-on-integrated-hiv-and-hcv-testing-among-persons-entering-a-northern-california-jail-a-pilot-study
#6
Wilson Ly, Jennifer Cocohoba, Alexander Chyorny, Jodi Halpern, Colette Auerswald, Janet Myers
BACKGROUND: Providing HIV and HCV testing on an 'opt-out' basis is often considered the 'gold standard' because it contributes to higher testing rates when compared to 'opt-in' strategies. While rates are crucial, an individual's testing preferences are also important, especially in correctional settings where legal and social factors influence a person's capacity to freely decide whether or not to test. Our study explored factors influencing HIV and HCV testing decisions and individuals' preferences and concerns regarding opt-in versus opt-out testing at the time of jail entry...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474245/moving-toward-paying-for-outcomes-in-medicaid
#7
Billy Millwee, Kevin Quinn, Norbert Goldfield
Medicaid can improve beneficiary health and help sustain its own future by embracing payment for outcomes. Good precedents exist from states such as Florida, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas. Medicaid outcome measures include preventable admissions, readmissions, emergency department visits, and inpatient complications; early elective deliveries; infant and child mortality; patient-reported outcomes, satisfaction, and confidence; and reduction in low-value care. Criteria to prioritize initiatives include potential savings, availability of established models, impact on health status, and Medicaid's ability to effect change...
April 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474242/cervical-adenocarcinoma-a-comparison-of-the-reproducibility-of-the-world-health-organization-2003-and-2014-classifications
#8
Aylin Sar, Qiuli Duan, Moosa Khalil, Lisa M DiFrancesco, Carol Ewanowich, Alice Lytwyn, Bojana Djordjevic, Doha Itani, Sandra Lee, Martin Köbel, Sarah Glaze, Elena Park, Máire A Duggan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the reproducibility of malignant glandular tumors of the uterine cervix classified per World Health Organization (WHO) 2003 and 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two pathologists reviewed 228 cases composed of adenocarcinoma in situ and 22 adenocarcinoma histotypes and selected 405 representative hematoxylin and eosin slides, which were digitally scanned. Six other pathologists (3 gynecological and 3 anatomical) independently reviewed and classified the images per both WHO classifications...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474210/the-potential-for-proactive-housing-inspections-to-inform-public-health-interventions
#9
Katrina Smith Korfmacher, Kathleen D Holt
Municipal housing inspection data can inform planning, targeting, and evaluating interventions aimed at reducing housing hazards (lead paint, mold, pests, etc) that may affect residents' health. However, the potential of these data to inform public health initiatives is underexplored. We determined whether home health hazards identified by city inspectors during proactive inspections of single-family private rental housing are predicted by housing age, assessed value, or location in one of 26 geographic "inspector areas" in Rochester, New York...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474181/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hpv-related-cancers-in-indonesia
#10
Didik Setiawan, Arrum Dusafitri, Githa Fungie Galistiani, Antoinette D I van Asselt, Maarten J Postma
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers are a serious concern in developing countries. Valid estimates of a country-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with HPV-related cancers provide a substantial tool in determining the burden of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the HRQOL of patients with HPV-related cancers in Indonesia. METHODS: The HRQOL of patients with HPV-related cancers (cervical, uterine, nasopharyngeal, head and neck, and anogenital cancer) was assessed using the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D)...
September 3, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474180/how-much-does-management-of-an-asthma-related-event-cost-in-a-malaysian-suburban-hospital
#11
Yee Vern Yong, Asrul Akmal Shafie
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma need long-term management to maintain optimal control. In addition to routine maintenance, urgent visits and hospitalizations may be required, as these patients are prone to acute exacerbations. The aim of this study was to estimate the costs of maintenance and acute exacerbation managements in patients with asthma in a suburban public hospital in Malaysia. METHODS: An activity-based microcosting approach was applied to estimate the unit cost of events from the hospital's perspective...
June 21, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474178/a-comparison-of-eq-5d-3l-index-scores-using-malaysian-singaporean-thai-and-uk-value-sets-in-indonesian-cervical-cancer-patients
#12
Dwi Endarti, Arthorn Riewpaiboon, Montarat Thavorncharoensap, Naiyana Praditsitthikorn, Raymond Hutubessy, Susi Ari Kristina
OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the most suitable foreign value set among Malaysian, Singaporean, Thai, and UK value sets for calculating the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire index score (utility) among patients with cervical cancer in Indonesia. METHODS: Data from 87 patients with cervical cancer recruited from a referral hospital in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia, from an earlier study of health-related quality of life were used in this study. The differences among the utility scores derived from the four value sets were determined using the Friedman test...
September 1, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474176/cost-effectiveness-of-warfarin-medication-therapy-adherence-clinic-versus-usual-medical-clinic-at-kuala-lumpur-hospital
#13
Subramaniam Thanimalai, Asrul Akmal Shafie, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali, Jeyaindran Sinnadurai
BACKGROUND: Systematic anticoagulation management clinic is recommended to manage patients on chronic warfarin therapy. In Malaysia, the service was introduced as warfarin medication therapy adherence clinic (WMTAC), which is managed by pharmacists with a physician advisory. OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of WMTAC in comparison with usual medical clinic (UMC), which is managed by medical officers in Kuala Lumpur Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in Malaysia...
July 17, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473941/targeted-geriatric-assessment-for-fast-paced-healthcare-settings-development-validity-and-reliability
#14
Márlon J R Aliberti, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia K Suemoto, Juliana A Melo, Sileno Q Fortes-Filho, Marcos D Saraiva, Carolina B Trindade, Kenneth E Covinsky, Wilson Jacob-Filho
OBJECTIVES: To develop and examine the validity and reliability of a targeted geriatric assessment (TaGA) for busy healthcare settings. DESIGN: The TaGA was developed through the consensus of experts (Delphi technique), and we investigated its construct validity and reliability in a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital specializing in acute care in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N = 534) aged 79...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473894/health-and-taste-related-attitudes-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-a-representative-sample-of-polish-girls-and-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study-gebahealth-project
#15
Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Lidia Wadolowska, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Attitudes can be predictors of certain health-related behaviours. The attitudes of young females towards health and taste have not been yet fully examined and their associations with dietary behaviours remain unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate if attitudes are associated with dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish girls. The study population consisted of 1107 girls, aged 13-21 and living in Poland. Attitudes were assessed using the Health and Taste Attitudes Scale (HTAS) and categorised as negative, neutral or positive...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473838/-nano-ginseng-for-enhanced-cytotoxicity-against-cancer-cells
#16
Lin Dai, Weiyan Zhu, Chuanling Si, Jiandu Lei
Panax ginseng has high medicinal and health values. However, the various and complex components of ginseng may interact with each other, thus reducing and even reversing therapeutic effects. In this study, we designed and fabricated a novel "nano-ginseng" with definite ingredients, ginsenoside Rb1/protopanaxadiol nanoparticles (Rb1/PPD NPs), completely based on the protopanaxadiol-type extracts. The optimized nano-formulations demonstrated an appropriate size (~110 nm), high drug loading efficiency (~96...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473759/contribution-of-nontraditional-lipid-profiles-to-reduced-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-h-type-hypertension-population-of-rural-china
#17
Haoyu Wang, Zhao Li, Xiaofan Guo, Yintao Chen, Shuang Chen, Yichen Tian, Yingxian Sun
BACKGROUND: Despite current interest in the unfavorable impact of nontraditional lipid profiles on cardiovascular disease, information regarding its relations to reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in H-type hypertension population has not been systemically elucidated. METHODS: Analyses were based upon a cross-sectional study of 3259 participants with H-type hypertension who underwent assessment of biochemical, anthropometric, and blood pressure values. Reduced GFR was considered if meeting estimated GFR< 60 ml/min/1...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473745/distinct-carbon-isotope-fractionation-signatures-during-biotic-and-abiotic-reductive-transformation-of-chlordecone
#18
Marion L Chevallier, Myriel Cooper, Steffen Kümmel, Agnès Barbance, Denis Le Paslier, Hans Hermann Richnow, Pierre-Loïc Saaidi, Lorenz Adrian
Chlordecone is a synthetic organochlorine pesticide, extensively used in banana plantations of the French West Indies from 1972 to 1993. Due to its environmental persistence and bioaccumulation, it has dramatic public health and socio-economic impact. Here we describe a method for carbon-directed compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) for chlordecone and apply it to monitor biotic and abiotic reductive transformation reactions, selected on the basis of their distinct product profiles (polychloroindenes versus lower chlorinated hydrochlordecones)...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473520/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-12n-substituted-tricyclic-matrinic-derivatives-as-a-novel-family-of-anti-influenza-agents
#19
Sheng Tang, Yu-Huan Li, Xin-Yue Cheng, Jin-Qiu Yin, Ying-Hong Li, Dan-Qing Song, Yan-Xiang Wang, Zhan-Dong Liu
BACKGROUND: Influenza is still a serious threat to human health with significant morbidity and mortality, so it is desirable to develop novel anti-flu drug agents with novel structures. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this research was to explore broad-spectrum anti-flu agents and provide antiviral stockpiles in response to potential future influenza pandemics. METHODS: Fifteen novel 12N-substituted tricyclic matrinic derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-influenza activities against H1N1 subtype taking 12N-p-cyanobenzenesulfonyl matrinane (1) as the lead...
February 21, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473416/novel-electrochemical-paper-based-immunocapture-assay-for-the-quantitative-determination-of-ethinylestradiol-in-water-samples
#20
María L Scala-Benuzzi, Julio Raba, Galo J A A Soler-Illia, Rudolf J Schneider, Germán A Messina
We report a novel and innovative electrochemical paper-based immunocapture assay (EPIA) to address the need for ultrasensitive detection of emerging pollutants without regulatory status and whose effects on environment and human health are not completely yet understood. In particular, we present the application of this system towards highly sensitive detection of the emerging pollutant ethinyl estradiol (EE2). The EPIA approach is based on the use of paper microzones modified with silica nanoparticles (SNs) and anti-EE2 specific antibodies for capture and pre-concentration of EE2 from river water samples...
February 23, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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