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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232668/revised-reference-values-for-the-intake-of-sodium-and-chloride
#1
Daniela Strohm, Angela Bechthold, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Peter Stehle, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: In January 2017, the nutrition societies of -Germany, Austria and Switzerland revised the reference values for sodium and chloride intake. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value for sodium intake was derived on the basis of a balance study. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from this estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, an estimated value was set based on the sodium intake via breast milk...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232561/development-of-artificial-intelligence-approach-to-forecasting-oyster-norovirus-outbreaks-along-gulf-of-mexico-coast
#2
Shima Shamkhali Chenar, Zhiqiang Deng
This paper presents an artificial intelligence-based model, called ANN-2Day model, for forecasting, managing and ultimately eliminating the growing risk of oyster norovirus outbreaks. The ANN-2Day model was developed using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Toolbox in MATLAB Program and 15-years of epidemiological and environmental data for six independent environmental predictors including water temperature, solar radiation, gage height, salinity, wind, and rainfall. It was found that oyster norovirus outbreaks can be forecasted with two-day lead time using the ANN-2Day model and daily data of the six environmental predictors...
December 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232534/detection-of-dengue-virus-in-bat-flies-diptera-streblidae-of-common-vampire-bats-desmodus-rotundus-in-progreso-hidalgo-mexico
#3
Judith Abundes-Gallegos, Monica Salas-Rojas, Guillermo Galvez-Romero, Leonardo Perea-Martínez, Cirani Y Obregón-Morales, Juan B Morales-Malacara, Bruno B Chomel, Matthew J Stuckey, Hayde Moreno-Sandoval, Anahi García-Baltazar, Benjamin Nogueda-Torres, Gerardo Zuñiga, Alvaro Aguilar-Setién
Blood-feeding arthropods play a major role in the transmission of several flaviviruses, which represent an important problem for human health. Currently, dengue is one of the most important arboviral emerging diseases worldwide. Furthermore, some previous studies have reported the presence of viral nucleic acids and antibodies against dengue virus (DENV) in wild animals. Our knowledge of the role played by wildlife reservoirs in the sylvatic transmission and maintenance of DENV remains limited. Our objective was to screen blood-feeding ectoparasites (bat flies) and their common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) hosts, for flaviviruses in Hidalgo, Mexico...
December 12, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232176/molecular-characterization-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-in-egypt-survival-and-thermoresistance-at-different-temperatures-a-potential-public-health-risk
#4
Maysa A I Awadallah, Heba A Ahmed, Abdallah M A Merwad, Rasha M M Abou Elez, Karem M A Saleh
Cronobacter sakazakii has been implicated in causing serious infections in neonates due to consumption of contaminated infant powdered milk. The zoonotic potential of the organism was not clear due to scarce evidence about the role of food animals in the transmission of infection. C. sakazakii was identified in infant powdered milk (n = 100), infant stool (n = 100), and dairy animal feces (n = 100) with the percentages of 1%, 2%, and 4%, respectively. The outer membrane protein A (ompA) gene was characterized in all isolates of different origin, while gene encoding for zinc-metaloprotease (zpx) was only identified in isolates from animal feces...
December 12, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231995/identification-of-risk-factors-for-neoplastic-colonic-polyps-in-young-adults-with-bloody-stool-in-comparison-with-those-without-symptom
#5
Kuan-Chih Chen, Chen-Shuan Chung, Wei-Fan Hsu, Tien-Yu Huang, Cheng-Kuan Lin, Tzong-Hsi Lee, Meng-Tzu Weng, Cheng-Ming Chiu, Li-Chun Chang, Han-Mo Chiu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The incidence and disease burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) in young adults were increasing. However, there was a dearth of advice on how to identify young population at risk for neoplastic colonic polyps (NCPs) and CRC. We aimed to indentify risk factors for NCPs and CRC in young adults presenting with bloody stool. METHODS: 1,496 subjects younger than 40-year-old who underwent colonoscopy due to bloody stool from 2005 to 2014 were enrolled in this retrospective study as the study group, and 1481 age and gender matched asymptomatic subjects who underwent colonoscopy for health checkup from 2011 to 2016 were enrolled as the control group at a tertiary center hospital...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231884/heavy-metal-contamination-and-health-risk-assessment-in-the-vicinity-of-a-tailing-pond-in-guangdong-china
#6
Yaya Liang, Xiaoyun Yi, Zhi Dang, Qin Wang, Houmei Luo, Jie Tang
The purpose of this study was to assess heavy metal contamination and health risks for residents in the vicinity of a tailing pond in Guangdong, southern China. Water, soil, rice, and vegetable samples were collected from the area in the vicinity of the tailing pond. Results showed that surface water was just polluted by Ni and As, while groundwater was not contaminated by heavy metals. The concentrations of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, and As in the paddy soil exceeded the standard values but not those of Cr. In vegetable soils, the concentration of heavy metals was above the standard values except for Ni and As...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231787/using-a-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-care-in-north-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#7
Michelle Hynes, Kate Meehan, Janet Meyers, Leon Mashukano Maneno, Erin Hulland
Providing quality health care services in humanitarian settings is challenging due to population displacement, lack of qualified staff and supervisory oversight, and disruption of supply chains. This study explored whether a participatory quality improvement (QI) intervention could be used in a protracted conflict setting to improve facility-based maternal and newborn care. A longitudinal quasi-experimental design was used to examine delivery of maternal and newborn care components at 12 health facilities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231753/rates-of-insufficiency-and-deficiency-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-elite-professional-male-and-female-skiers-a-chronobiologic-approach
#8
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Giovanni Lombardi, Luca Cavaleri, Rosa Graziani, Herbert Schoenhuber, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi
Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance and promotion of musculoskeletal health, for the functioning of the immune, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, and its main action is to keep calcium and phosphate plasmatic physiological concentrations at intestinal, renal and bony level. Vitamin D affects several parameters related to physical performance too and a particularly high percentage of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in professional athletes has been observed. Several variables are able to impair the synthesis of 25(OH)D in athletes, specifically both genetic and environmental factors, but the most probable explanation for the deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels is the insufficient ultraviolet B light (UVB) exposure during winter...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231752/differences-between-slovak-and-dutch-patients-scheduled-for-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-regarding-clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-physical-and-mental-health-related-quality-of-life
#9
Noha El-Baz, Daniela Ondusova, Martin Studencan, Jaroslav Rosenberger, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jitse P van Dijk, Berrie Middel
BACKGROUND: Differences in health-related quality of life in coronary artery disease patients and associated factors between patients of central and western European descent are rarely investigated. We aim to test differences between Dutch and Slovak health-related quality of life, whether nationality predicted health-related quality of life and if standardised beta weights of health-related quality of life determinants differ across countries. DESIGN: An observational multicentre study at university cardiac centres in the Netherlands and Slovakia...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231750/concordance-with-prescribing-information-dosage-recommendations-for-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Huan Huang, Sharash Shetty, Elise Bauer, Kathleen Lang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose initial DPP4-i dosage was concordant with prescribing information (label) recommendations in the United States. METHODS: Adult patients with T2DM who initiated a DPP4-i (linagliptin, sitagliptin, saxagliptin) between Jan 1, 2011 and Jun 30, 2014 were identified using electronic medical records and administrative claims, with index date being the date of first observed DPP4-i treatment...
December 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231186/-psychometric-properties-of-postpartum-depression-predictors-inventory-revised-prenatal-version-in-a-sample-of-spanish-pregnant-women
#11
María de la Fe Rodríguez-Muñoz, Laura Vallejo Slocker, María Eugenia Olivares Crespo, Nuria Izquierdo Méndez, Cristina Soto, Huynh-Nhu Le
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal depression is a major public health problem, therefore predicting and preventing it is a relevant objective for public health agendas. Consequently, it is important to have adequate screening tools to detect risk factors associated with prenatal depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties reliability and factor structure of the Spanish version of the Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory- Revised- Prenatal Version (PDI-R) in pregnant women who attend prenatal care in an urban hospital in Spain...
December 4, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230839/prevalence-estimation-when-disease-status-is-verified-only-among-test-positives-applications-in-hiv-screening-programs
#12
Emma G Thomas, Sarah B Peskoe, Donna Spiegelman
The first goal of the United Nations' 90-90-90 HIV/AIDS elimination strategy is to ensure that, by 2020, 90% of HIV-positive people know their HIV status. Estimating the prevalence of HIV among people eligible for screening allows assessment of the number of additional cases that might be diagnosed through continued screening efforts in this group. Here, we present methods for estimating prevalence when HIV status is verified by a gold standard only among those who test positive on an initial, imperfect screening test with known sensitivity and specificity...
December 11, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230800/negotiating-quality-standards-for-effective-delivery-of-labor-and-childbirth-care-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#13
Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Musibau A Titiloye, Francis E Alu, Musana O Mambya, Lawal Oyeneyin, Salim Bataale, Adesina Akintan, Olubunmi Alabi, Amos Adebayo, Ola Okike, Hadiza A Idris, Sanni Wilfred, Halima Bello, David Kyaddondo, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Josaphat Byamugisha, Joao Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu
OBJECTIVE: "Negotiated standards" describe a level of quality of care that is acceptable and achievable within a specific health system, based on consensus between key stakeholders. This paper presents the development of negotiated standards for effective labor and childbirth care in selected hospitals and communities in Nigeria and Uganda. METHODS: A four-step development process involving different methodologies. The process included: (1) review and synthesis of internationally recognized intrapartum clinical principles and practices; (2) primary qualitative research to assess values and preferences of women and healthcare providers, and practices that align with these preferences; (3) draft contextualization of effective and ineffective behaviors to reflect values and preferences; and (4) WHO-mediated negotiations between relevant stakeholders, including community members, providers, and administrators...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230511/quality-of-life-for-up-to-18%C3%A2-months-after-low-energy-hip-vertebral-and-distal-forearm-fractures-results-from-the-icuros
#14
A Svedbom, F Borgstöm, E Hernlund, O Ström, V Alekna, M L Bianchi, P Clark, M D Curiel, H P Dimai, M Jürisson, R Kallikorm, M Lember, O Lesnyak, E McCloskey, K M Sanders, S Silverman, A Solodovnikov, M Tamulaitiene, T Thomas, N Toroptsova, A Uusküla, A N A Tosteson, B Jönsson, J A Kanis
This study used data from the International Costs and Utilities Related to Osteoporotic fractures Study (ICUROS) to estimate the quality of life (QoL) impact of fracture. Hip, vertebral, and distal forearm fractures incur substantial QoL losses. Hip and vertebral fracture results in markedly impaired QoL for at least 18 months. INTRODUCTION: The International Costs and Utilities Related to Osteoporotic fractures Study (ICUROS) is a multinational observational study that aims to describe costs and quality of life (QoL) consequences of osteoporotic fractures...
December 11, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230505/polymorphisms-and-expression-of-inflammasome-genes-are-associated-with-the-development-and-severity-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-brazilian-patients
#15
Catarina Addobbati, Heidi Lacerda Alves da Cruz, José Eduardo Adelino, Amanda Luíze Melo Tavares Ramos, Thiago Sotero Fragoso, Alexandre Domingues, Ângela Luiza Branco Pinto Duarte, Renê Donizeti Ribeiro Oliveira, Paulo Louzada-Júnior, Eduardo Antônio Donadi, Alessandra Pontillo, Jaqueline de Azevêdo Silva, Sergio Crovella, Paula Sandrin-Garcia
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we analyzed the possible association of inflammasome gene variants and expression to rheumatoid arthritis (RA)'s development and severity in the Brazilian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen single nucleotide polymorphisms within six inflammasome genes (NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRC4, AIM2, CARD8, CASP1) as well as IL1B and IL18 genes in two different Brazilian populations (from Northeast and Southeast Brazil) were analyzed. We also evaluated inflammasome gene expression profile in resting and LPS + ATP-treated monocytes from RA patients and healthy individuals...
December 11, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230388/blood-body-fluid-exposure-and-needle-stick-sharp-injury-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-southwest-ethiopia
#16
Yeshitila Belay Belachew, Tefera Belachew Lema, Gugssa Nemera Germossa, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew
Background: Every health professional around the world is at risk of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury as a result of exposure to blood or body fluids and needle or sharp injuries. However, the extent of these hazards and their driving forces are not well documented in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury among nurses working in Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based census was conducted among 318 nurses working in Jimma zone public hospitals from March 10 to 30, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230152/development-of-a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-process-and-outcomes-of-community-based-participatory-research
#17
Julie Lucero, Nina Wallerstein, Bonnie Duran, Margarita Alegria, Ella Greene-Moton, Barbara Israel, Sarah Kastelic, Maya Magarati, John Oetzel, Cynthia Pearson, Amy Schulz, Malia Villegas, Emily R White Hat
This article describes a mixed methods study of community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership practices and the links between these practices and changes in health status and disparities outcomes. Directed by a CBPR conceptual model and grounded in indigenous-transformative theory, our nation-wide, cross-site study showcases the value of a mixed methods approach for better understanding the complexity of CBPR partnerships across diverse community and research contexts. The article then provides examples of how an iterative, integrated approach to our mixed methods analysis yielded enriched understandings of two key constructs of the model: trust and governance...
January 2018: Journal of Mixed Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229891/cost-effectiveness-of-oral-agents-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-compared-to-interferon-based-therapy-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Mai F Alsaqa'aby, Varun Vaidya, Noura Khreis, Thamer Al Khairallah, Ahmed H Al-Jedai
BACKGROUND: Promising clinical and humanistic outcomes are associated with the use of new oral agents in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). This is the first cost-effectiveness study comparing these medications in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of fingolimod, teriflunomide, dimethyl fumarate, and interferon (IFN)-b1a products (Avonex and Rebif) as first-line therapies in the treatment of patients with RRMS from a Saudi payer perspective...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229655/new-zealand-policy-experts-appraisal-of-interventions-to-reduce-smoking-in-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#19
Jude Ball, Janet Hoek, El Shadan Tautolo, Heather Gifford
OBJECTIVES: Reducing smoking in young adults, particularly young Māori and Pacific, is vital for reducing tobacco harm and health inequalities in New Zealand (NZ). We investigated how NZ policy experts appraised the feasibility and likely effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce smoking prevalence among 18-24 year olds. DESIGN: We used a qualitative design, conducting semistructured interviews and applying thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 15 key informants, including politicians, senior policy analysts and leading tobacco control advocates...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229610/follow-up-imaging-after-nephrectomy-for-cancer-in-canada-urologists-compliance-with-guidelines-an-observational-study
#20
Alice Dragomir, Armen Aprikian, Anil Kapoor, Antonio Finelli, Frédéric Pouliot, Ricardo Rendon, Peter C Black, Ronald Moore, Rodney H Breau, Jun Kawakami, Darrell Drachenberg, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Simon Tanguay
BACKGROUND: Surgical tumour removal remains the preferred treatment for most patients with renal cell carcinoma, and many medical associations have proposed guidelines for the optimal surveillance of patients following surgery. This study evaluated the adherence of Canadian urologists to the follow-up guidelines proposed by the Canadian Urological Association (CUA) in 2009. METHODS: The study cohort was identified from the Canadian Kidney Cancer Information System, a prospectively populated database from 15 academic institutions in 6 Canadian provinces: British Colombia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
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