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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334525/temporal-patterns-of-exposure-to-asbestos-and-risk-of-asbestosis-an-analysis-of-a-cohort-of-asbestos-textile-workers
#1
Andrea Farioli, Francesco S Violante, Carlo La Vecchia, Eva Negri, Claudio Pelucchi, Giovanna Spatari, Paolo Boffetta, Enrico Pira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the risk of asbestosis death based on the temporal pattern of exposure to asbestos. METHODS: We followed up a cohort of asbestos textile workers, employed in 1946 to 1984, until November 2013. We measured the duration of the employment, the time since last employment (TSLE), the age, and the year of first employment. Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated through multivariable Cox regression models. RESULTS: We observed 51 asbestosis deaths among 1823 workers...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334438/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations-of-the-anticalculus-effect-of-a-novel-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice
#2
Tao He, Mary Kay Anastasia, Marianne Zsiska, Teresa Farmer, Eva Schneiderman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a novel stannous fluoride dentifrice with zinc citrate on calculus inhibition using both in vitro and clinical models. METHODS: Each investigation tested a novel stabilized 0.454% stannous fluoride dentifrice with zinc citrate as an anticalculus agent (Crest® Pro-Health™ smooth formula) compared to a negative control fluoride dentifrice. The in vitro study used the modified Plaque Growth and Mineralization Model (mPGM). Plaque biofilms were prepared and mineralized by alternate immersion of glass rods in human saliva and artificial mineralization solution...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334435/comparative-antiplaque-effect-of-two-antimicrobial-dentifrices-laboratory-and-clinical-evaluations
#3
Lynn R Friesen, C R Goyal, Jimmy G Qaqish, Tao He, Rachelle Eusebio, Marianne Zsiska, Teresa Farmer, Eva Schneiderman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a stannous fluoride dentifrice versus a triclosan-containing dentifrice on the reduction of plaque using in vitro and clinical models. METHODS: Both investigations evaluated a novel 0.454% stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice (Crest® Pro-Health™ smooth formula) versus a sodium fluoride/triclosan positive control dentifrice (Colgate® Total®). The in vitro evaluation utilized the Plaque Glycolysis and Regrowth Model (PGRM), wherein the metabolic effects (acid production/glycolysis inhibition) of the dentifrices were assessed on plaque biofilms grown on glass rods after three days growth and a single dentifrice treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334384/micrometer-sized-dihydrogenphosphate-intercalated-layered-double-hydroxides-synthesis-selective-infrared-absorption-properties-and-applications-as-agricultural-films
#4
Yixuan Guo, Jing Wang, Dianqing Li, Pinggui Tang, Fabrice Leroux, Yongjun Feng
High-performance heat-retention agents for multifunctional green agricultural films are today largely suitable to increase the production yield as well as to save energy. Here, an adapted ammonia releasing hydrothermal method was used to produce a series of micrometer-sized carbonate-layered double hydroxide (CO3-LDH) precursors of sizes ranging from 1.32 μm to 8.64 μm by simply adjusting the feeding Mg2+ concentration from 0.80 mol L-1 to 0.20 mol L-1. From these pristine LDH materials, μm-sized dihydrogenphosphate-intercalated LDHs (H2PO4-LDHs) were prepared by an anion-exchange method...
January 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334357/differential-requirements-of-androgen-receptor-in-luminal-progenitors-during-prostate-regeneration-and-tumor-initiation
#5
Chee Wai Chua, Nusrat J Epsi, Eva Y Leung, Shouhong Xuan, Ming Lei, Bo I Li, Sarah K Bergren, Hanina Hibshoosh, Antonina Mitrofanova, Michael M Shen
Master regulatory genes of tissue specification play key roles in stem/progenitor cells and are often important in cancer. In the prostate, androgen receptor (AR) is a master regulator essential for development and tumorigenesis, but its specific functions in prostate stem/progenitor cells have not been elucidated. We have investigated AR function in CARNs (CAstration-Resistant Nkx3.1-expressing cells), a luminal stem/progenitor that functions in prostate regeneration. Using genetically-engineered mouse models and novel prostate epithelial cell lines, we find that progenitor properties of CARNs are largely unaffected by AR deletion, apart from decreased proliferation in vivo...
January 15, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334339/impact-of-spasticity-on-transfers-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Jacqueline Tibbett, Eva G Widerström-Noga, Christine K Thomas, Edelle C Field-Fote
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: For persons with spinal cord injury, spasticity commonly interferes with activities of daily living such as transfers. Electromyography can be used to objectively measure muscle spasms during transfers, but how electromyographic measures relate to the impact spasticity has on life, or to clinically-rated spasticity, is unclear. We aimed to characterize relationships among spasm duration and magnitude, impact of spasticity on daily life, and a clinical measure of extensor spasticity, as well as to determine reliability of the electromyographic measures...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334265/prevalence-and-covariates-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-ischemic-stroke-survivors-the-norwegian-stroke-in-the-young-study
#7
Åshild Oftedal, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Annette Fromm, Halvor Naess, Anja Linde, Sahrai Saeed
PURPOSE: Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke. Few data are available on control of hypertension in younger ischemic stroke survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements in 320 patients aged 15-60 years (mean 48 ± 10) included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study during 3-months follow-up after the index stroke. Controlled hypertension was defined as ambulatory BP <130/80 mmHg...
January 15, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334075/classifying-vortex-wakes-using-neural-networks
#8
Brendan Colvert, Mohamad Alsalman, Eva Kanso
Unsteady flows contain information about the objects creating them. Aquatic organisms offer intriguing paradigms for extracting flow information using local sensory measurements. In contrast, classical methods for flow analysis require global knowledge of the flow field. Here, we train neural networks to classify flow patterns using local vorticity measurements. Specifically, we consider vortex wakes behind an oscillating airfoil and we evaluate the accuracy of the network in distinguishing between three wake types, 2S, 2P+2S and 2P+4S...
January 15, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333930/a-histological-analysis-of-artificial-skin-in-an-extensively-burned-child-14-years-after-application-a-case-report
#9
Robert Zajicek, Eva Sticova, Radana Königova
INTRODUCTION: Artificial skin has become the treatment of choice in extensive, full-thickness thermal injuries. The longest follow-up of the healing process in burn sites covered with the Integra Bilayer Matrix Wound Dressing onto the wound published to date was at around five years after application. In our case report, we describe the clinical and histological analysis of an extensive, full-thickness thermal injury 14 years on from treatment with the bilayer matrix wound dressing. CASE STUDY: A nine-year-old boy suffered a full-thickness skin loss over 85% of his body surface area following a fire accident...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333642/early-adolescents-emotional-well-being-in-the-classroom-the-role-of-personal-and-contextual-assets
#10
Eva Oberle
BACKGROUND: The objective was to predict early adolescents' emotional well-being from personal and contextual assets in the classroom. Emotional well-being is a key indicator of health. Aligned with the positive youth development (PYD) framework, a supportive classroom environment and positive relationships with teachers and peers were contextual assets in the present study; positive self-concept was a personal asset. METHODS: The sample was 406 grade 4 to 7 public elementary school students from diverse backgrounds (mean = 11...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333616/determination-of-vitamins-k1-mk-4-and-mk-7-in-human-serum-of-postmenopausal-women-by-hplc-with-fluorescence-detection
#11
Eva Klapkova, Jana Cepova, Katerina Dunovska, Richard Prusa
BACKGROUND: New high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for the determination of vitamin K1 and two forms of vitamin K2 (MK-4 and MK-7) in human serum, and the levels of vitamin K were determined in 350 samples of postmenopausal women. METHODS: Vitamin K was determined by HPLC with fluorescence detection after postcolumn zinc reduction. The detection was performed at 246 nm (excitation) and 430 nm (emission). The internal standard and 2 mL of ethanol were added to 500 μL of serum...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333567/predictors-for-intracranial-hemorrhage-following-intravenous-thrombolysis-in-posterior-circulation-stroke
#12
Dorňák Tomáš, Král Michal, Sedláčková Zuzana, Šaňák Daniel, Čecháková Eva, Divišová Petra, Zapletalová Jana, Kaňovský Petr
Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is a standard treatment for anterior (ACS) and posterior circulation stroke (PCS). However, due to the low occurrence of PCS and of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in PCS, the knowledge about ICH predictors following IVT in PCS is sparse. Our aim was to identify predictors for ICH following IVT in PCS. The set consisted of 1281 consecutive ischemic stroke (IS) patients treated with IVT, out of which 158 (103 males; mean age 65.6 ± 12.3 years) had PCS. Collected data include baseline characteristics, common stroke risk factors, pre-medication, stroke severity, admission blood glucose level, blood pressure and treatment with intravenous antihypertensive therapy before and during IVT, occlusion of arteries, recanalization rate, time to treatment, and clinical outcome at day 90...
January 15, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332813/fast-and-easy-extraction-of-antidepressants-from-whole-blood-using-ionic-liquids-as-extraction-solvent
#13
Marieke De Boeck, Lisa Dubrulle, Wim Dehaen, Jan Tytgat, Eva Cuypers
This study aims to prove that ionic liquids (ILs) can be used as extraction solvents in a liquid-liquid microextraction, coupled to LC-MS/MS, for the quantification of a large group of antidepressants in whole blood samples. The sample preparation procedure consisted of adding 1.0mL aqueous buffer pH 3.0 and 60µL of IL (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate) to 1.0mL whole blood. Subsequently, a 5-min rotary mixing step was performed followed by centrifugation. The lower IL phase was collected, diluted 1:10 in methanol and 10µL was injected into the LC-MS/MS...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332662/a-survivorship-study-of-838-total-elbow-replacements-a-report-from-the-norwegian-arthroplasty-register-1994-2016
#14
Yngvar Krukhaug, Geir Hallan, Eva Dybvik, Stein A Lie, Ove N Furnes
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to present the long-term survivorship (20 years) of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) for a relatively large population and to compare different prosthesis brands and patient subgroups. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2017, a total of 838 primary TEAs were reported to the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register. Implant survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Risk differences were examined using Cox regression analyses and exact Cox regression for rare events...
February 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332517/women-s-decisions-to-stay-in-or-leave-an-abusive-relationship-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-bolivia
#15
Eva Heim, Icek Ajzen, Peter Schmidt, Daniel Seddig
This study examined Bolivian women's decisions to stay with or leave their violent partners. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) was used as the theoretical framework. One hundred thirty-four women were assessed 3 times over 6 months. The TPB constructs were measured at T1 and T2; relationship status was assessed at T3. At T2, attitudes about staying and leaving predicted the intention to leave. Intention to leave at T2 but not at T1 predicted relationship status at T3. These results suggest that the decision to leave was consolidated between T1 and T2, and attitudes toward staying were most relevant to this decision...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332182/correction-to-pretreatment-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-is-associated-with-intrusive-thoughts-and-sense-of-coherence
#16
Dan Asplund, Thue Bisgaard, David Bock, Jakob Burcharth, Elisabeth González, Eva Haglind, Yanislav Kolev, Peter Matthiessen, Carina Rosander, Jacob Rosenberg, Kenneth Smedh, Marina Åkerblom Sörensson, Eva Angenete
The original version of this article, unfortunately, contained errors.
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332000/how-good-are-doctors-at-introducing-themselves-hellomynameis
#17
Peter Gillen, Sue Faye Sharifuddin, Muireann O'Sullivan, Alison Gordon, Eva M Doherty
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was triggered by the '#hellomynameis' campaign initiated by Dr Kate Granger in the UK. Our objectives were twofold: first, to measure rates of introduction in an Irish hospital setting by both consultant and non-consultant hospital doctors. Second to establish whether such practices were associated with patient perceptions of the doctor/patient interaction. METHOD: A patient 'exit' survey was undertaken following doctor-patient consultations in both acute (surgical and medical assessment units) and elective settings (outpatient clinics)...
January 13, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331971/a-study-protocol-for-a-non-randomised-comparison-trial-evaluating-the-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-cognitive-behavioural-programme-with-integrated-coaching-for-anxious-adults-in-primary-care
#18
Eva Szigethy, Francis Solano, Meredith Wallace, Dina L Perry, Lauren Morrell, Kathryn Scott, Megan Jones Bell, Megan Oser
INTRODUCTION: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and subclinical GAD are highly prevalent in primary care. Unmanaged anxiety worsens quality of life in patients seen in primary care practices and leads to increased medical utilisation and costs. Programmes that teach patients cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques have been shown to improve anxiety and to prevent the evolution of anxiety symptoms to disorders, but access and engagement have hampered integration of CBT into medical settings...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331967/understanding-frailty-a-qualitative-study-of-european-healthcare-policy-makers-approaches-to-frailty-screening-and-management
#19
Holly Gwyther, Rachel Shaw, Eva-Amparo Jaime Dauden, Barbara D'Avanzo, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska-Fedak, Tomasz Kujawa, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To elicit European healthcare policy-makers' views, understanding and attitudes about the implementation of frailty screening and management strategies and responses to stakeholders' views. DESIGN: Thematic analysis of semistructured qualitative interviews. SETTING: European healthcare policy departments. PARTICIPANTS: Seven European healthcare policy-makers representing the European Union (n=2), UK (n=2), Italy (n=1), Spain (n=1) and Poland (n=1)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331775/experience-of-lecturers-with-simulation-training-in-midwifery-education-in-slovakia
#20
Erika Maskálová, Eva Urbanová, Martina Bašková, Eva Kvaltínyová
The simulation training in midwifery has a long tradition. It is aimed at acquiring basic and advanced practical skills such as performing a certain number of births, episiotomy and subsequent suture, assisting during breech birth etc. Midwifery education is currently based on the requirements of the Directives of the European Union exactly specifying number of performed practical procedures and approaches (World Health Organisation (WHO) Europe, 2009). The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the experience with the simulation training from the teacher's point of view in the study program Midwifery in Slovakia...
January 5, 2018: Midwifery
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