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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228877/hepatic-hodgkin-lymphoma-with-delayed-enhancement-on-ct-and-mri
#1
Yukie Higuma, Ryo Yamauchi, Ritsuko Fujimitsu, Keiko Sakamoto, Yoshinobu Shinagawa, Ayako Morita, Hiroshi Urakawa, Morishige Takeshita, Kengo Yoshimitsu
Hepatic Hodgkin lymphoma is a rare disease, characterized by the presence of abundant granulofibrous stroma, and its radiological features have rarely been described. We report a 67-year-old man, who presented with liver masses that showed apparent delayed enhancement, along with systemic lymphadenopathy and musculoskeletal lesions. Repeated percutaneous needle biopsy, however, failed to confirm the diagnosis, and surgical biopsy finally revealed small amount of Hodgkin cells and Reed-Sternberg cells. In this report, the radiological features of hepatic Hodgkin lymphoma will be presented and discussed, in correlation with its histological findings...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226225/thymic-epithelial-cells
#2
Jakub Abramson, Graham Anderson
IntrathymicTcell development is a complex process that depends upon continuous guidance from thymus stromal cell microenvironments. The thymic epithelium within the thymic stroma comprises highly specialized cells with a high degree of anatomic, phenotypic, and functional heterogeneity. These properties are collectively required to bias thymocyte development toward production of self-tolerant and functionally competent T cells. The importance of thymic epithelial cells (TECs) is evidenced by clear links between their dysfunction and multiple diseases where autoimmunity and immunodeficiency are major components...
February 10, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225829/inhibition-of-arabidopsis-chloroplast-%C3%AE-amylase-bam3-by-maltotriose-suggests-a-mechanism-for-the-control-of-transitory-leaf-starch-mobilisation
#3
Jing Li, Wenxu Zhou, Perigio Francisco, Russell Wong, Dongke Zhang, Steven M Smith
Starch breakdown in leaves at night is tightly matched to the duration of the dark period, but the mechanism by which this regulation is achieved is unknown. In Arabidopsis chloroplasts, β-amylase BAM3 hydrolyses transitory starch, producing maltose and residual maltotriose. The aim of the current research was to investigate the regulatory and kinetic properties of BAM3. The BAM3 protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and first assayed using a model substrate. Enzyme activity was stimulated by treatment with dithiothreitol and was increased 40% by 2-10 μM Ca2+ but did not require Mg2+...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222855/direct-growth-inhibitory-effects-of-prostaglandin-e2-in%C3%A2-pancreatic-cancer-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro-through-an-ep4-pka-mediated-mechanism
#4
Andrea Schmidt, James Sinnett-Smith, Steven Young, Hui-Hua Chang, O Joe Hines, David W Dawson, Enrique Rozengurt, Guido Eibl
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence linking inflammation and the development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and COX-2-derived PGE2 are overexpressed in human and murine pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Several studies have demonstrated an important role of COX-2-derived PGE2 in tumor-stroma interactions; however, the direct growth effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells is less well defined. Our aim was to investigate the effects of PGE2 on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cell growth and to characterize the underlying mechanisms...
February 17, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221217/interobserver-reproducibility-among-gynecologic-pathologists-in-diagnosing-heterologous-osteosarcomatous-component-in-gynecologic-tract-carcinosarcomas
#5
Ankur R Sangoi, Malti Kshirsagar, Andres A Roma, Andrew E Horvai, Mamatha Chivukula, Lora H Ellenson, Oluwole Fadare, Ann K Folkins, Karuna Garg, Krisztina Hanley, Teri A Longacre, Jacqueline Haas, W Glenn McCluggage, Jesse K McKenney, Marisa R Nucci, Esther Oliva, Kay J Park, Vinita Parkash, Charles M Quick, Joseph T Rabban, Joanne K L Rutgers, Robert Soslow, Russell Vang, Anna Yemelyanova, Charles Zaloudek, Andrew H Beck
Distinguishing hyalinized stroma from osteoid production by a heterologous osteosarcomatous component can be challenging in gynecologic tract carcinosarcomas. As heterologous components in a carcinosarcoma may have prognostic and therapeutic implications, it is important that these are recognized. This study examines interobserver reproducibility among gynecologic pathologists in the diagnosis of osteosarcomatous components, and its correlation with expression of the novel antibody SATB2 (marker of osteoblastic differentiation) in these osteosarcomatous foci...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219500/microsporidia-sequestered-in-corneal-stroma-for-years
#6
Joveeta Joseph, Somasheila Murthy, Savitri Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219003/targeting-the-cxcl12-cxcr4-axis-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-from-bench-to-bedside
#7
Byung-Sik Cho, Hee-Je Kim, Marina Konopleva
The interactions between the cancerous cells of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment have been postulated to be important for resistance to chemotherapy and disease relapse in AML. The chemokine receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its ligand, CXC motif ligand 12 (CXCL12), also known as stromal cell-derived factor 1α, are key mediators of this interaction. CXCL12 is produced by the BM microenvironment, binds and activates its cognate receptor CXCR4 on leukemic cells, facilitates leukemia cell trafficking and homing in the BM microenvironment, and keeps leukemic cells in close contact with the stromal cells and extracellular matrix that constitutively generate growth-promoting and anti-apoptotic signals...
February 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219002/molecular-testing-for-gastrointestinal-cancer
#8
Hye Seung Lee, Woo Ho Kim, Yoonjin Kwak, Jiwon Koh, Jeong Mo Bae, Kyoung-Mee Kim, Mee Soo Chang, Hye Seung Han, Joon Mee Kim, Hwal Woong Kim, Hee Kyung Chang, Young Hee Choi, Ji Y Park, Mi Jin Gu, Min Jin Lhee, Jung Yeon Kim, Hee Sung Kim, Mee-Yon Cho
With recent advances in molecular diagnostic methods and targeted cancer therapies, several molecular tests have been recommended for gastric cancer (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC). Microsatellite instability analysis of gastrointestinal cancers is performed to screen for Lynch syndrome, predict favorable prognosis, and screen patients for immunotherapy. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor has been approved in metastatic CRCs with wild-type RAS (KRAS and NRAS exon 2-4). A BRAF mutation is required for predicting poor prognosis...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218291/a-pan-cancer-analysis-of-secreted-frizzled-related-proteins-re-examining-their-proposed-tumour-suppressive-function
#9
Krista Marie Vincent, Lynne-Marie Postovit
Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs), containing five family members (SFRPs 1-5) are putative extracellular Wnt inhibitors. Given their abilities to inhibit Wnt signalling, as well as the loss of SFRP1 in many cancers, this family is generally considered to be tumour suppressive. In this study we analyzed gene expression, promoter methylation and survival data from over 8000 tumour and normal samples from 29 cancers in order to map the context-specific associations of SFRPs 1-5 with patient survival, gene silencing and gene expression signatures...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217393/rare-association-of-secondary-superficial-siderosis-caused-by-a-fourth-ventricle-hemorrhagic-ependymoma-mimicking-a-cavernoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Eduardo E Espinosa Rodríguez, Rodrigo Carrasco Moro, Juan S Martínez San Millán, Héctor G Pian Arias
BACKGROUND: The association of a hemorrhagic tumor with secondary superficial siderosis (SS) is a relatively rare although well described phenomenon. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the case report of a 35-year-old male with a history of drowsiness, hypoacusia, drop attacks, and multidirectional nystagmus during the last 2 months, who presented with acute obstructive hydrocephalus caused by a fourth ventricle mass displaying radiological signs of repeated intra and extratumoral hemorrhage with SS...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217371/pathogenic-mechanisms-of-pancreatitis
#11
REVIEW
Murli Manohar, Alok Kumar Verma, Sathisha Upparahalli Venkateshaiah, Nathan L Sanders, Anil Mishra
Pancreatitis is inflammation of pancreas and caused by a number of factors including pancreatic duct obstruction, alcoholism, and mutation in the cationic trypsinogen gene. Pancreatitis is represented as acute pancreatitis with acute inflammatory responses and; chronic pancreatitis characterized by marked stroma formation with a high number of infiltrating granulocytes (such as neutrophils, eosinophils), monocytes, macrophages and pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). These inflammatory cells are known to play a central role in initiating and promoting inflammation including pancreatic fibrosis, i...
February 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216675/extracellular-superoxide-dismutase-expression-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer-mesenchymal-stem-stromal-cells-modulates-cancer-cell-growth-and-migration
#12
Alessia Parascandolo, Francesca Rappa, Francesco Cappello, Jaehyup Kim, David A Cantu, Herbert Chen, Gianluigi Mazzoccoli, Peiman Hematti, Maria Domenica Castellone, Marco Salvatore, Mikko O Laukkanen
Tumor stroma-secreted growth factors, cytokines, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) influence tumor development from early stages to the metastasis phase. Previous studies have demonstrated downregulation of ROS-producing extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3) in thyroid cancer cell lines although according to recent data, the expression of SOD3 at physiological levels stimulates normal and cancer cell proliferation. Therefore, to analyze the expression of SOD3 in tumor stroma, we characterized stromal cells from the thyroid...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215504/a-case-of-in-vivo-iontophoresis-assisted-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus-an-immunohistochemical-study
#13
Mirko Manetti, Eleonora Favuzza, Eleonora Sgambati, Rita Mencucci, Mirca Marini
The standard corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL), that includes the removal of corneal epithelium to permit adequate penetration of riboflavin in the stroma, is an established procedure to halting keratoconus progression. However, as epithelial removal may cause postoperative pain and an increased risk of corneal infection, new therapeutic approaches have been proposed. Iontophoresis is a recently developed non-invasive technique which provides the use of electrical current during CXL to enhance transepithelial penetration of riboflavin into the corneal stroma...
February 15, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214872/higher-numbers-of-t-bet-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-associate-with-better-survival-in-human-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#14
Yun Xu, Lujun Chen, Bin Xu, Yuqi Xiong, Min Yang, Xiaohui Rui, Liangrong Shi, Changping Wu, Jingting Jiang, Binfeng Lu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: T-bet, a member of the T-box family of transcription factors, is a key marker of type I immune response within the tumor microenvironment, and has been previously reported by us to serve as an important prognostic indicator for human gastric cancer patients and a potential biomarker for immunotherapy. In the present study, we aimed to assess the clinical significance and prognostic value of T-bet+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in human epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: The immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the infiltration density of T-bet+ lymphoid cells in human epithelial ovarian cancer tissues, and the flow cytometry analysis was used to further analyze the presence of T-bet+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes subgroups in cancer tissues...
January 30, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214099/lymph-node-stroma-dynamics-and-approaches-for-their-visualization
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca Gentek, Marc Bajénoff
Lymphoid stromal cells are best known as the architectural cells of lymphoid organs. For decades, they have been considered as inert elements of the immune system but this view has changed dramatically in recent years, when it was discovered that they are endowed with critical immunoregulatory functions. It is now accepted that without them, the adaptive immune response would be compromised, if not abrogated entirely. Here, we review the function of the major lymphoid stromal cell types; the way they remodel upon inflammation; discuss the available tools to track their behavior; and introduce several methodological approaches that we believe will help improving our knowledge of these pivotal cell types...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213330/drug-discovery-strategies-in-the-field-of-tumor-energy-metabolism-limitations-by-metabolic-flexibility-and-metabolic-resistance-to-chemotherapy
#16
REVIEW
N D Amoedo, E Obre, R Rossignol
The search for new drugs capable of blocking the metabolic vulnerabilities of human tumors has now entered the clinical evaluation stage, but several projects already failed in phase I or phase II. In particular, very promising in vitro studies could not be translated in vivo at preclinical stage and beyond. This was the case for most glycolysis inhibitors that demonstrated systemic toxicity. A more recent example is the inhibition of glutamine catabolism in lung adenocarcinoma that failed in vivo despite a strong addiction of several cancer cell lines to glutamine in vitro...
February 16, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212658/c-met-expression-and-activity-in-urogenital-cancers-novel-aspects-of-signal-transduction-and-medical-implications
#17
REVIEW
Ralf Hass, Susanne Jennek, Yuanyuan Yang, Karlheinz Friedrich
C-Met is a receptor tyrosine kinase with multiple functions throughout embryonic development, organogenesis and wound healing and is expressed in various epithelia. The ligand of c-Met is Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) which is secreted among others by mesenchymal stroma/stem (MSC) cells.Physiological c-Met functions are centred around processes that underly cellular motility and invasive growth. Aberrant c-Met expression and activity is observed in numerous cancers and makes major contributions to cell malignancy...
February 17, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211878/pre-descemets-endothelial-keratoplasty-the-pdek-clamp-for-successful-pdek
#18
H S Dua, D G Said
PurposeTo design and produce a clamp that enables good handling of donor sclera-corneal disks, allows air to be injected in the corneal stroma and consistently provides pre-Descemets endothelial keratoplasty (PDEK) tissue by creation of a type-1 big bubble (BB) avoiding a type-2BB by shutting the fenestrations in the periphery of the pre-Descemets layer and preventing escape of air.Patients and methodsA clamp with spring loaded handles attached to two rings of 9 mm diameter and 1 mm width with a side port for insertion of a needle for air injection was designed and produced...
February 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211590/genital-folliculo-sebaceous-cystic-hamartoma-a-claim-of-the-stroma-as-a-clue-in-the-diagnosis-of-proliferations-with-follicular-differentiation
#19
Victoria Alegría-Landa, Margarita Jo Velasco, Lucía Prieto-Torres, Luis Requena
Folliculo-sebaceous hamartomas comprise a series of entities whose boundaries are imprecise. We present the clinical case of a folliculo-sebaceous cystic hamartoma of genital localization where the diagnosis was established based on the epithelial proliferation, but mostly, on the characteristic stroma. Because this lesion lacked of the cystic component, we mention the most frequent differential diagnoses and review the literature of the few cases published on this infrequent localization.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211546/differential-effects-of-hormones-on-cellular-metabolism-in-keratoconus-in-vitro
#20
Tina B McKay, Jesper Hjortdal, Henrik Sejersen, Dimitrios Karamichos
Keratoconus (KC) is a corneal thinning disease with an onset commonly immediately post-puberty and stabilization by 40 to 50 years of age. The role of hormones in regulating corneal tissue structure in homeostatic and pathological conditions is unknown. Our group recently linked altered hormone levels to KC. Our current study sought to investigate and delineate the effects of exogenous hormones, such as androgen, luteotropin, and estrogen, on corneal stroma bioenergetics. We utilized our established 3D in vitro model to characterize the effects of DHEA, prolactin, 17β-estradiol on insulin-growth factor-1 and -2 (IGF-1, -2) signaling and metabolic function in primary corneal fibroblasts from healthy controls (HCFs) and KC patients (HKCs)...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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