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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774261/same-sex-parenting-assisted-reproduction-and-gender-asymmetry-reflecting-on-the-differential-effects-of-legislation-on-gay-and-lesbian-family-formation-in-spain
#1
Elixabete Imaz
This article takes an anthropological approach to examine how laws governing family formation in Spain affect same-sex couples seeking to become parents, in particular the cultural causes and implications of such laws. It highlights how the same laws are has a different impact on gay couples and lesbian couples. Legislation combines with other factors to favour and expand the possibilities of accessing motherhood for women in lesbian couples while limiting the possibilities of parenthood for men in gay couples...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774007/the-influence-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-perceived-fit-of-male-applicants-for-both-male-and-female-typed-jobs
#2
Heather M Clarke, Kara A Arnold
Research demonstrates the bias faced by individuals engaged in occupations that are perceived as inconsistent with their gender. The lack of fit model and role congruity theory explain how gender stereotypes give rise to the perception that an individual lacks the attributes necessary to be successful in a gender-incongruent job. Men employed in jobs traditionally held by women are perceived as wimpy and undeserving of respect. The majority of studies in this area have, however, failed to account for the sexual orientation of the individual being rated...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773663/factors-associated-with-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-a-random-online-sample-in-sweden
#3
Klara Johansson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Charlotte Deogan, Ziad El-Khatib
OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to analyse social determinants of sexual health behaviour (condom use and HIV testing) among young, internet-active, cis men who have sex with men (MSM) in a high-income country. The aspects of sexual health behaviour analysed here are condomless anal intercourse with one or more new or casual partner(s), condomless anal intercourse during the most recent sex with a man and HIV testing. METHODS: A randomised sample of men active on Sweden's main online community for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans people responded to an online survey (response rate 19%)...
May 17, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770367/engaging-religious-leaders-to-support-hiv-prevention-and-care-for-gays-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-coastal-kenya
#4
Evans Gichuru, Bernadette Kombo, Noni Mumba, Salla Sariola, Eduard J Sanders, Elise M van der Elst
In Kenyan communities, religious leaders are important gatekeepers in matters of health and public morality. In a context that is generally homophobic, religious leaders may aggravate or reduce stigmatization of sexual minorities such as gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Literature indicates mixed results in efforts to encourage religious leaders to work effectively and sensitively with issues regarding HIV and sexuality. This paper describes the implementation of an engagement intervention with religious leaders from different denominations, which took place following a homophobic hate attack that was led by local religious leaders, at an HIV research clinic for GBMSM on the Kenyan coast...
2018: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766438/sexual-orientation-differences-in-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-antidepressant-usage-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-of-siblings
#5
Richard Bränström, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Petter Tinghög, John E Pachankis
In the past two decades, population-based health surveys have begun including measures of sexual orientation, permitting estimates of sexual orientation disparities in psychiatric morbidity and differences in treatment utilization. The present study takes advantage of the high-quality, comprehensive nationwide health registry data available in Sweden to examine whether psychiatric outpatient treatment for various diagnoses and antidepressant medication usage are greater in sexual minority individuals compared to their siblings...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762177/neuropsychological-phenotypes-among-men-with-and-without-hiv-disease-in-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study
#6
Samantha A Molsberry, Yu Cheng, Lawrence Kingsley, Lisa Jacobson, Andrew J Levine, Eileen Martin, Eric N Miller, Cynthia A Munro, Ann Ragin, Ned Sacktor, James T Becker
OBJECTIVE: Mild forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) remain prevalent in the combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) era. This study's objective was to identify neuropsychological subgroups within the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) based on the participant-based latent structure of cognitive function and to identify factors associated with subgroups. DESIGN: The MACS is a four-site longitudinal study of the natural and treated history of HIV disease among gay and bisexual men...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754597/re-wired-treatment-and-peer-support-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-use-methamphetamine
#7
Kent Burgess, Garth Parkhill, Jeremy Wiggins, Simon Ruth, Mark Stoovè
Background This paper examines a methamphetamine treatment and peer support program for gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) who use methamphetamine. Australian MSM use illicit drugs including methamphetamine at significantly higher rates than the broader community.1,2 Methamphetamine rates are higher again amongst HIV positive MSM. Methamphetamine in the MSM community is associated with sexual activity and may be associated with psychosocial harms including risk of the transmission of HIV and sexually transmissible infections...
April 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754596/sharing-solutions-for-a-reasoned-and-evidence-based-response-chemsex-party-and-play-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#8
Adam Bourne, Jason Ong, Mark Pakianathan
This Special Issue of Sexual Health examines research and healthcare practice relating to sexualised drug use among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), colloquially known as 'chemsex' or 'party and play' (PnP). It draws together evidence relating to the epidemiology, sociology and psychology of chemsex, as well as the policy, community and clinical interventions that are required to ensure men have access to high-quality health care that meets their needs and reduces harm. Findings and discussions within the Issue emphasise the need to sensitively, non-judgementally and meaningfully engage with gay men about their engagement in chemsex in order to help improve their sexual health and wider wellbeing...
April 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750773/missed-opportunities-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-syphilis-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Jason J Ong, Hongyun Fu, Stephen Pan, M Kumi Smith, Dan Wu, Chongyi Wei, Bolin Cao, Wei Ma, Ligang Yang, Weiming Tang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/syphilis. To inform strategies for dual testing, we describe patterns of HIV/syphilis testing, and examine factors associated with never testing for HIV/syphilis in China. METHODS: An online survey (2016) was completed by MSM from 8 cities: men born biologically male, 16 years or older, and had sex with another man at least once during their lifetime. Demographic, sexual behavioral, and HIV/syphilis testing data were collected...
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741980/sexual-orientation-group-differences-in-perceived-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#10
Evan A Krueger, Ilan H Meyer, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: Overall, sexual minorities have poorer mental health than heterosexual individuals, and stress is thought to underlie such disparities. However, sexual minorities include both those identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and many who do not (e.g., individuals identifying as mostly heterosexual, or as heterosexual but with discordant same-sex attractions or behaviors), and little is known about the mental health or stress experiences of non-LGB identified sexual minorities...
May 9, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734218/depressive-symptoms-and-problematic-alcohol-and-other-substance-use-in-1-476-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-three-research-sites-in-kenya
#11
Christine Korhonen, Makobu Kimani, Elizabeth Wahome, Fredrick Otieno, Duncan Okall, Robert C Bailey, Gary W Harper, Robert R Lorway, Monika Doshi, John Mathenge, Joshua Kimani, Eduard J Sanders, Susan M Graham
OBJECTIVE: Information on mental health and substance use challenges among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) is needed to focus resources on these issues and optimize services for HIV prevention and care. We determined factors associated with depressive symptoms and problematic alcohol and other substance use among GBMSM in Kenya. METHODS: Self-identified GBMSM in three HIV research studies in Kenya provided information on depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), alcohol use (AUDIT), and other substance use (DAST-6)...
May 3, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728348/the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-implementing-a-bio-behavioral-enhanced-surveillance-tool-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-england-mixed-methods-study
#12
Sonali Wayal, David Reid, Paula B Blomquist, Peter Weatherburn, Catherine H Mercer, Gwenda Hughes
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) surveillance is vital for tracking the scale and pattern of epidemics; however, it often lacks data on the underlying drivers of STIs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a bio-behavioral enhanced surveillance tool, comprising a self-administered Web-based survey among sexual health clinic attendees, as well as linking this to their electronic health records (EHR) held in England's national STI surveillance system...
May 4, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722275/eliminating-hiv-hcv-co-infection-in-gay-and-bisexual-men-is-it-achievable-through-scaling-up-treatment
#13
Rachel Sacks-Davis, Alisa E Pedrana, Nick Scott, Joseph S Doyle, Margaret E Hellard
Broad availability of direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) raises the possibility that HCV prevalence and incidence can be reduced through scaling-up treatment, leading to the elimination of HCV. High rates of linkage to HIV care among HIV-infected gay and bisexual men may facilitate high uptake of HCV treatment, possibly making HCV elimination more achievable in this group. Areas covered: This review covers HCV elimination in HIV-infected gay and bisexual men, including epidemiology, spontaneous clearance and long term sequelae in the absence of direct-acting antiviral therapy; direct-acting antiviral therapy uptake and effectiveness in this group; HCV reinfection following successful treatment; and areas for further research...
May 3, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714167/virological-and-immunological-responses-to-raltegravir-and-dolutegravir-in-the-gut-associated-lymphoid-tissue-of-hiv-infected-men-and-women
#14
Michael D Weber, Elizabeth Andrews, Heather A Prince, Craig Sykes, Elias P Rosen, Camden Bay, Nicholas J Shaheen, Ryan D Madanick, Evan S Dellon, Kristina De Paris, Julie Ae Nelson, Cynthia L Gay, Angela Dm Kashuba
BACKGROUND: Raltegravir (RTG) and dolutegravir (DTG) have different pharmacokinetic patterns in the gastrointestinal tract. To determine if this results in pharmacodynamic differences, we compared HIV RNA, HIV DNA, and immunological markers in gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) of HIV-infected participants receiving RTG or DTG with tenofovir+emtricitabine (TDF/FTC). METHODS: GALT specimens from the terminal ileum, splenic flexure, and rectum were obtained by colonoscopy at a single time point in 20 adults treated with RTG (n=10) or DTG (n=10) with HIV RNA <50 copies/mL...
May 1, 2018: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713394/who-counts-as-family-family-typologies-family-support-and-family-undermining-among-young-adult-gay-and-bisexual-men
#15
Jorge H Soler, Cleopatra H Caldwell, David Córdova, Gary Harper, José A Bauermeister
Gay and bisexual men may form chosen families in addition to or in place of families of origin. However, the characteristics of these diverse families remain largely unexamined in the quantitative literature. The purpose of this study was to develop a family typology based on responses from a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult gay and bisexual men (YGBM) recruited from the Detroit Metropolitan Area (N=350; 18-29 years old). To explore the role of family, we then examined family social support and social undermining in relation to YGBM psychological distress within different family types...
June 2018: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702337/correlates-and-subgroups-of-injecting-drug-use-in-uk-gay-and-bisexual-men-findings-from-the-2014-gay-men-s-sex-survey
#16
G J Melendez-Torres, Adam Bourne, Ford Hickson, David Reid, Peter Weatherburn
BACKGROUND: Evidence to understand which gay and bisexual men (GBM) inject drugs remains scant, especially in the UK. We describe correlates of last-year injecting in UK GBM, and characterise subgroups of GBM who inject drugs by types of drugs used. METHODS: Using data from the 2014 Gay Men's Sex Survey, an opportunistic internet-based survey conducted of GBM living in the UK, we examined via logistic regression correlates with any injecting of six drugs (amphetamine/speed, crystal methamphetamine, heroin, mephedrone, GHB/GBL, and ketamine) in the last year...
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700942/not-so-different-comparison-of-risk-profile-of-gay-men-who-acquired-hiv-while-travelling-with-those-who-acquired-hiv-in-australia
#17
Graham Brown, Garrett Prestage, Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Kathy Triffitt
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Many countries now identify HIV and international mobility as a priority issue within a global and shared epidemic, including Australia. To support health promotion in this complex area, we investigated recent HIV infections that occurred among Australian gay men while travelling and compared to HIV infections that occurred in Australia. METHODS: 446 gay men recently diagnosed with HIV completed an on-line survey regarding the high risk event (HRE) where they believed that they acquired HIV...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700009/human-papillomavirus-seroprevalence-and-association-with-anal-hpv-infection-and-squamous-intra-epithelial-lesions-in-australian-gay-and-bisexual-men
#18
Isobel M Poynten, Tim Waterboer, Fengyi Jin, David J Templeton, Richard J Hillman, Carmella Law, Alyssa Cornall, Sepehr Tabrizi, Jennifer M Roberts, Suzanne M Garland, Christopher K Fairley, Andrew E Grulich
BACKGROUND: Gay and bisexual men (GBM) are at disproportionately high risk of anal cancer. The precursor lesions, high grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (HSIL) are very common and it is evident that not all HSIL progresses to cancer. The serological response to anal HPV in GBM has not been well characterised Methods:The Study of the Prevention of Anal Cancer is an ongoing cohort study of GBM aged 35 years and older. At six visits over three years, anal samples are collected for cytology, HPV DNA testing and histology...
April 26, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689129/attitudes-towards-and-knowledge-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-among-italian-nurses-an-observational-study
#19
Carlo Della Pelle, Francesca Cerratti, Pamela Di Giovanni, Francesco Cipollone, Giancarlo Cicolini
PURPOSE: To assess Italian nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards gay and lesbian sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, as there is currently no literature exploring the attitudes of nurses in Italy. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2015 to January 2016, using a data collection tool composed of three validated questionnaires and a sociodemographic form. FINDINGS: Eight hundred twenty-four nurses filled out the questionnaire...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688270/risk-factors-and-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-persons-the-hiv-outpatient-study-1999-2015
#20
Richard M Novak, Abdelhamid Ghanem, Rachel Hart, Douglas Ward, Carl Armon, Kate Buchacz
Background: Since 2000, the incidence of syphilis has been increasing, especially among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (U.S.). We assessed temporal trends and associated risk factors for newly diagnosed syphilis infections among HIV-infected patients during a 16-year period. Methods: We analyzed data from the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) cohort participants seen at ten U.S. HIV clinics during 1999 - 2015. New syphilis cases were defined based on laboratory parameters and clinical diagnoses...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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