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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914160/making-boundaries-great-again-essentialism-and-support-for-boundary-enhancing-initiatives
#1
Steven O Roberts, Arnold K Ho, Marjorie Rhodes, Susan A Gelman
Psychological essentialism entails a focus on category boundaries (e.g., categorizing people as men or women) and an increase in the conceptual distance between those boundaries (e.g., accentuating the differences between men and women). Across eight studies, we demonstrate that essentialism additionally entails an increase in support for boundary-enhancing legislation, policies, and social services, and that it does so under conditions that disadvantage social groups, as well as conditions that benefit them...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913659/will-gay-and-bisexual-men-taking-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-switch-to-long-acting-injectable-prep-should-it-become-available
#2
Steven A John, Thomas H F Whitfield, H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons, Christian Grov
Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective at reducing HIV transmission risk and is CDC recommended for many gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM). We sought to investigate awareness of and preference for using long-acting injectable PrEP (LAI-PrEP) among GBM currently taking oral PrEP (n = 104), and identify their concerns. About half of GBM had heard of LAI-PrEP, and 30.8% specifically preferred LAI-PrEP. GBM with more concerns about the level of protection and drug half-life of LAI-PrEP had lower odds of preferring LAI-PrEP...
September 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904655/assessment-of-potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-in-the-regional-hospital-of-saint-louis-senegal
#3
Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Mouhameth Bakhoum, Alioune Badara Tall, Ndeye Fatou Ngom-Gueye, Mohamed Sidy Seck, Boubacar Gueye, Awa Diop-Ba, Awa Gaye, Gallo Papa Sow, Lamine Gueye, Anta Tal-Dia
INTRODUCTION: The "potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH)'' are hospital admissions that could have been avoided through effective primary care given at the appropriate time. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), causes of PPH, are the leading cause of death worldwide with significant socioeconomic consequences especially in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the burden of potentially preventable hospitalizations in the St. Louis regional hospital. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903675/interactive-effects-of-obvious-and-ambiguous-social-categories-on-perceptions-of-leadership-when-double-minority-status-may-be-beneficial
#4
John Paul Wilson, Jessica D Remedios, Nicholas O Rule
Easily perceived identities (e.g., race) may interact with perceptually ambiguous identities (e.g., sexual orientation) in meaningful but elusive ways. Here, we investigated how intersecting identities impact impressions of leadership. People perceived gay Black men as better leaders than members of either single-minority group (i.e., gay or Black). Yet, different traits supported judgments of the leadership abilities of Black and White targets; for instance, warmth positively predicted leadership judgments for Black men but dominance positively predicted leadership judgments for White men...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901825/beyond-homonegativity-understanding-hong-kong-people-s-attitudes-about-social-acceptance-of-gay-lesbian-people-sexual-orientation-discrimination-protection-and-same-sex-marriage
#5
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
This study examined attitudes about social acceptance, discrimination protection, and marriage equality for gay/lesbian people with a representative sample of 1,008 Hong Kong Chinese adults via a telephone survey. Despite majority endorsement of homosexuality (52.29% positive vs 34.12% negative) and discrimination protection (50.77% favorable vs 14.62% opposed), attitudes toward same-sex marriage diverged (32.72% favorable vs 39.45% opposed). There was a sharp distinction in accepting gay/lesbian people as co-workers (83...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888127/environmental-injustice-and-sexual-minority-health-disparities-a%C3%A2-national-study-of-inequitable-health-risks-from-air-pollution-among-same-sex-partners
#6
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales
Air pollution is deleterious to human health, and numerous studies have documented racial and socioeconomic inequities in air pollution exposures. Despite the marginalized status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, no national studies have examined if they experience inequitable exposures to air pollution. This cross-sectional study investigated inequities in the exposure of same-sex partner households to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in the US. We examined cancer and respiratory risks from HAPs across 71,207 census tracts using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886173/prevalence-of-self-reported-comorbidities-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-over-55-years-the-australian-positive-peers-longevity-evaluation-study-apples
#7
Kathy Petoumenos, Robin Huang, Jennifer Hoy, Mark Bloch, David J Templeton, David Baker, Michelle Giles, Matthew G Law, David A Cooper
In Australia, almost half of HIV-positive people are now aged over 50 and are predominately gay and bisexual men (GBM). Compared to the general HIV-negative population, GBM engage more in behaviours that may increase the risk of age-related comorbidities, including smoking, high alcohol consumption and recreational drug use. The objective of APPLES was to compare comorbidities and risk factors in HIV-positive older GBM with an appropriate control group of HIV-negative GBM. We undertook a prospectively recruited cross-sectional sample of HIV-positive and HIV-negative GBM ≥ 55 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879461/perinatal-exposure-to-the-cyanotoxin-%C3%AE-n-m%C3%A3-thylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-results-in-long-lasting-behavioral-changes-in-offspring-potential-involvement-of-dna-damage-and-oxidative-stress
#8
Anthony Laugeray, Asma Oummadi, Clément Jourdain, Justyne Feat, Géraldine Meyer-Dilhet, Arnaud Menuet, Karen Plé, Marion Gay, Sylvain Routier, Stéphane Mortaud, Gilles J Guillemin
We recently demonstrated that perinatal exposure to the glutamate-related herbicide, glufosinate ammonium, has deleterious effects on neural stem cell (NSC) homeostasis within the sub-ventricular zone (SVZ), probably leading to ASD-like symptoms in offspring later in life. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether perinatal exposure to another glutamate-related toxicant, the cyanobacterial amino acid β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), might also trigger neurodevelopmental disturbances. With this aim, female mice were intranasally exposed to low doses of BMAA, 50 mg kg(-1) three times a week from embryonic days 7-10 to postnatal day 21...
September 6, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877868/impact-of-risk-factors-associated-with-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Cynthia S Crowson, Silvia Rollefstad, Eirik Ikdahl, George D Kitas, Piet L C M van Riel, Sherine E Gabriel, Eric L Matteson, Tore K Kvien, Karen Douglas, Aamer Sandoo, Elke Arts, Solveig Wållberg-Jonsson, Lena Innala, George Karpouzas, Patrick H Dessein, Linda Tsang, Hani El-Gabalawy, Carol Hitchon, Virginia Pascual Ramos, Irazú Contreras Yáñez, Petros P Sfikakis, Evangelia Zampeli, Miguel A Gonzalez-Gay, Alfonso Corrales, Mart van de Laar, Harald E Vonkeman, Inger Meek, Anne Grete Semb
OBJECTIVES: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an excess risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to assess the impact of CVD risk factors, including potential sex differences, and RA-specific variables on CVD outcome in a large, international cohort of patients with RA. METHODS: In 13 rheumatology centres, data on CVD risk factors and RA characteristics were collected at baseline. CVD outcomes (myocardial infarction, angina, revascularisation, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and CVD death) were collected using standardised definitions...
September 6, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876167/sexual-orientation-based-discrimination-excessive-alcohol-use-and-substance-use-disorders-among-sexual-minority-adults
#10
Megan E Slater, Dionne Godette, Boji Huang, W June Ruan, Bradley T Kerridge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual orientation-based discrimination and excessive alcohol use and substance use disorders and to identify how these relationships differ by sexual identity, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and education among sexual minorities. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze associations between discrimination and substance use measures among 1351 gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure adults from a nationally representative survey...
September 6, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875247/-it-was-supposed-to-be-a-onetime-thing-experiences-of-romantic-and-sexual-relationship-typologies-among-young-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Stephen P Sullivan, Emily S Pingel, Rob Stephenson, José A Bauermeister
Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are at elevated risk for HIV infection, highlighting the need to understand the elements of prevention and risk associated with their relationships. We employed a phenomenological approach to explore how young MSM become involved in different romantic and sexual experiences. We analyzed 28 semi-structured interviews conducted with young MSM living in Michigan. Using a phenomenological approach, we analyzed the data using an inductive coding strategy and thematic analysis...
September 5, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873358/-slamming-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-accessing-general-drug-services-in-response-to-schmidt-aj-et-al-2016-illicit-drug-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-44-cities-findings-from-the-european-msm-internet-survey-emis
#12
Rachel Glass, Vivian D Hope, Claire Tanner, Monica Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872441/negotiating-sexual-safety-in-the-era-of-biomedical-hiv-prevention-relationship-dynamics-among-male-couples-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#13
Jowanna Malone, Jennifer L Syvertsen, Blake E Johnson, Matthew J Mimiaga, Kenneth H Mayer, Angela R Bazzi
Up to two-thirds of new cases of HIV transmission between gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in the USA are attributed to primary relationships. Understanding the relationship dynamics and sexual agreements of male-male couples can provide insight into HIV transmission patterns and prevention needs in this population. The daily use of antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV, but its negotiation and use within social and intimate relationship contexts remain understudied...
September 5, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857577/sexual-orientation-differences-in-functional-limitations-disability-and-mental-health-services-use-results-from-the-2013-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#14
Susan D Cochran, Charlotte Björkenstam, Vickie M Mays
OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated sexual orientation differences in risk for mental health morbidity, functional limitations/disability, and mental health services use among adults interviewed in the nationally representative 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey. METHOD: Respondents were 68,816 adults (67,152 heterosexual and 1,664 lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB] individuals), age 18 and older. Fully structured interviews assessed sexual orientation identity, health status, and services use...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856456/the-associations-of-resilience-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-black-gay-bisexual-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-the-deep-south-the-mari-study
#15
Obie S McNair, June A Gipson, Damian Denson, Darwin V Thompson, Madeline Y Sutton, DeMarc A Hickson
Resilience is an understudied intrapersonal factor that may reduce HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). Multivariable Poisson regression models were used to estimate the prevalence ratio (PR) of sexual risk behaviors, HIV prevalence, and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with resilience scores in a population-based study among 364 black MSM in the Deep South. Participants with higher resilience scores had a lower prevalence of condomless anal sex with casual sexual partners in past 12 months (PR = 0...
August 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#16
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853327/medical-students-perception-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-discrimination-in-their-learning-environment-and-their-self-reported-comfort-level-for-caring-for-lgbt-patients-a-survey-study
#17
Nassr Nama, Paul MacPherson, Margaret Sampson, Hugh J McMillan
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered (LGBT) report higher rates of social stress, depression, and anxiety, while LGBT patients have reported discrimination and poorer access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess if medical students have perceived discrimination in their learning environment and; (2) to determine self-reported comfort level for caring for LGBT patients. DESIGN: Medical students at the University of Ottawa (N = 671) were contacted via email and invited to complete a confidential web-based survey...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852999/sex-and-cardiovascular-involvement-in-inflammatory-joint-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Santos Castañeda, Carlos González-Juanatey, Miguel A González-Gay
The term inflammatory joint disease (IJD) encompasses a group of chronic conditions with predominant joint involvement. They share an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications. However, the implication of the sex in the risk of CV disease in IJD has not been specifically addressed. The aim of this work is to assess the influence of sex on the clinical expression of CV manifestations associated to IJD. With this objective, an update of the current knowledge of the sex influence on CV disease in patients with IJD was conducted...
August 29, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851787/a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-social-and-environmental-context-of-recently-acquired-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-east-england
#19
Annabelle Gourlay, Julie Fox, Mitzy Gafos, Sarah Fidler, Nneka Nwokolo, Amanda Clarke, Richard Gilson, Chloe Orkin, Simon Collins, Kholoud Porter, Graham Hart
OBJECTIVES: A key UK public health priority is to reduce HIV incidence among gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to explore the social and environmental context in which new HIV infections occurred among MSM in London and Brighton in 2015. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study, comprising in-depth interviews, was carried out as a substudy to the UK Register of HIV Seroconverters cohort: an observational cohort of individuals whose date of HIV seroconversion was well estimated...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844014/changes-in-smoking-status-among-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vancouver-canada
#20
Helia Shariati, Heather L Armstrong, Zishan Cui, Nathan J Lachowsky, Julia Zhu, Praney Anand, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, Greg Oudman, Christina Tonella, David M Moore
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is common among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) and most of the mortality gap between HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals is attributable to smoking. METHODS: We recruited sexually active HIV-positive and HIV-negative GBMSM age ≥16 years using respondent-driven sampling. Study visits occurred every six months for up to four years and included a computer-assisted self-interview and clinical assessment...
August 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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