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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#1
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320584/the-male-aesthetic-patient-facial-anatomy-concepts-of-attractiveness-and-treatment-patterns
#2
Terrence C Keaney, Robert Anolik, André Braz, Michael Eidelman, Joseph A Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Derek H Jones, Vic A Narurkar, Anthony M Rossi, Conor J Gallagher
<p>BACKGROUND: The number of nonsurgical aesthetic procedures performed in men is growing rapidly. However, there are limited data on treatment principles and goals for the male aesthetic patient.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To review the objective data available on male aging and aesthetics and to synthesize with expert opinion on treatment considerations specific to male patients.</p> <p>METHODS: Expert advisors met to discuss anatomical differences in male versus female facial anatomy related to aging, facial treatment preferences in aesthetically oriented men, and current dosing data for facial injectable treatments in male versus female patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314426/the-role-of-the-dorsal-anterior-insula-in-sexual-risk-evidence-from-an-erotic-go-nogo-task-and-real-world-risk-taking
#3
Feng Xue, Vita Droutman, Emily E Barkley-Levenson, Benjamin J Smith, Gui Xue, Lynn C Miller, Antoine Bechara, Zhong-Lin Lu, Stephen J Read
The insula plays an important role in response inhibition. Most relevant here, it has been proposed that the dorsal anterior insular cortex (dAIC) plays a central role in a salience network that is responsible for switching between the default mode network and the executive control network. However, the insula's role in sexually motivated response inhibition has not yet been studied. In this study, eighty-five 18- to 30-year-old sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) performed an erotic Go/NoGo task while in an MRI scanner...
January 3, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302531/need-for-revisiting-the-role-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-in-government-hospitals-in-india
#4
Madhulekha Bhattacharya, Hema Gogia
Introduction: The Government of India provides treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through government's sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics with the mandate of providing curative and preventive services for clients in the context of STIs. However, besides the patients suffering from STDs, other clients with problems related to reproductive and sexual health also attend these clinics. This study aimed to assess the profile and treatment-seeking behavior of clients attending STD clinics in government hospitals in India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300994/sexual-orientation-discrimination-and-tobacco-use-disparities-in-the-united-states
#5
Sean Esteban McCabe, Tonda L Hughes, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Brady T West, Carol J Boyd, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren
Introduction: Differences in tobacco/nicotine use by sexual orientation are well documented. Development of interventions requires attention to the etiology of these differences. This study examined associations among sexual orientation discrimination, cigarette smoking, any tobacco/nicotine use, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder (TUD) in the U.S. Methods: We used data from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions based on in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized U...
December 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299791/exploring-the-sexual-development-experiences-of-black-bisexual-male-adolescents-over-time
#6
Anthony Morgan, Brianna Saunders, Brian Dodge, Gary Harper, Renata Arrington Sanders
Scant research has sought to explore the development of dimensions of sexual orientation among Black bisexual male adolescents (BBMA). Understanding how sexual attractions, behaviors, and identities evolve among BBMA over time is crucial to understanding the most appropriate support strategies to provide during this developmental period. We sought to understand and describe the sexual orientation development experiences in a sample of BBMA over the course of 1 year. We further sought to understand the sociocontextual factors that may play a role during this development process...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294695/factors-influencing-labeling-nonconsensual-sex-as-sexual-assault
#7
Monica C Yndo, Tina Zawacki
The current study examined the effects of physical attractiveness and sexual interest cues on men's sexual perceptions of women and whether increases in sexual perceptions of a woman would lead to decreases in labeling of subsequent nonconsensual sex as sexual assault. Two hundred thirty-three male college students ( Mage = 19.17, SD = 1.22) read a vignette describing a hypothetical social interaction between a man and a woman; within the vignette, the female character's physical attractiveness (attractive vs...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288076/the-neuroendocrinology-of-sexual-attraction
#8
REVIEW
Olivia Le Moëne, Anders Ågmo
Sexual attraction has two components: Emission of sexually attractive stimuli and responsiveness to these stimuli. In rodents, olfactory stimuli are necessary but not sufficient for attraction. We argue that body odors are far superior to odors from excreta (urine, feces) as sexual attractants. Body odors are produced by sebaceous glands all over the body surface and in specialized glands. In primates, visual stimuli, for example the sexual skin, are more important than olfactory. The role of gonadal hormones for the production of and responsiveness to odorants is well established...
December 26, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282258/is-sexual-minority-status-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-among-adolescents-analysis-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-in-chinese-adolescents
#9
Pengsheng Li, Yeen Huang, Lan Guo, Wanxin Wang, Chuhao Xi, Yiling Lei, Min Luo, Siyuan Pan, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have suggested that sexual minorities are more likely to have poor sleep quality. This study aims to explore sleep quality among sexual minority adolescents and examines the association between sexual minority status and sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A total of 506 high schools in seven Chinese provinces. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 150 822 students in grades 7-12 completed the questionnaires, and 123 459 students who reported being aware of their sexual orientation were included in analyses...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281135/gender-sexuality-and-violence-in-humanitarian-crises
#10
Dorothea Hilhorst, Holly Porter, Rachel Gordon
Gender, sexuality, and violence have attracted significant attention in the sphere of humanitarianism in recent years. While this shift builds on the earlier 'Gender and Development' approach and the 'Women, Peace, and Security Agenda', analytical depth is lacking in practice. Notably, 'gender' often means a singular concern for women, neglecting questions of agency and the dynamic and changing realities of gendered power relations. This introductory paper examines why this neglect occurs and proposes a more relational approach to gender...
January 2018: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279253/the-rush-to-risk-when-interrogating-the-relationship-between-methamphetamine-use-and-sexual-practice-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#11
Joanne Bryant, Max Hopwood, Gary W Dowsett, Peter Aggleton, Martin Holt, Toby Lea, Kerryn Drysdale, Carla Treloar
Much research concerning drug use in the context of sexual activity among gay and bisexual men derives from public health scholarship. In this paper, we critically examine how the relationship between methamphetamine use and sexual risk practice is treated and understood in this body of research. While public health has made important contributions to establishing the link between methamphetamine use and sexual risk-taking, the precise nature of the relationship is not well defined. This creates space for ungrounded assumptions about methamphetamine use to take hold...
December 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276717/longitudinal-associations-of-sexual-fluidity-and-health-in-transgender-men-and-cisgender-women-and-men
#12
Sabra L Katz-Wise, David N Williams, Colton L Keo-Meier, Stephanie L Budge, Seth Pardo, Carla Sharp
Research has just begun to study associations between sexual fluidity and health among cisgender individuals; only one cross-sectional study examined these links among transgender individuals. The goals of the current study were to prospectively examine fluidity in sexual attractions and fluidity in sexual orientation identity, and associations with health-related outcomes. Participants were a community-based sample of 45 transgender men, ages 16-51 years, who had recently begun testosterone, and 95 cisgender individuals (53 women, 42 men), ages 18-55 years, who completed surveys either in-person or via mail...
2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273813/proximity-of-signallers-can-maintain-sexual-signal-variation-under-stabilizing-selection
#13
Michiel van Wijk, Jeremy Heath, Rik Lievers, Coby Schal, Astrid T Groot
How sexual communication systems can evolve under stabilizing selection is still a paradox in evolutionary biology. In moths, females emit a species-specific sex pheromone, consisting of a blend of biochemically related components, to which males are attracted. Although males appear to exert strong stabilizing selection on female pheromone, these blends seem to have evolved rapidly, as evidenced by ~120,000 moth species. Here we propose and test a "proximity model" wherein two females that vary in their relative attractiveness to males, can both benefit from calling in close proximity to each other...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261342/the-prevalence-and-gratification-of-nude-self-presentation-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-online-dating-environments-attracting-attention-empowerment-and-self-verification
#14
Richard Lemke, Simon Merz
This study builds on research about the importance of body presentation among men who have sex with men (MSM) by exploring the phenomenon of nude body presentation in online dating environments. In a quantitative survey of N = 9,235 MSM users of a gay online dating site (ODS) in Germany, the prevalence of nude pictures and gratifications sought while displaying them were investigated. About two-thirds of the participants declared that they use nude pictures in their dating profiles, with only small differences in prevalence between members of different ages, education levels, and sexual orientation...
December 20, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259726/does-toxoplasma-infection-increase-sexual-masochism-and-submissiveness-yes-and-no
#15
Jaroslav Flegr
The parasite Toxoplasma needs to get from its intermediate hosts, e.g. rodents, to its definitive hosts, cats, by predation. To increase the probability of this occurrence, Toxoplasma manipulates the behavior of its hosts, for example, by the demethylation of promoters of certain genes in the host's amygdala. After this modification, the stimuli that normally activate fear-related circuits, e.g., the smell of a cat in mice, or smell of leopards in chimpanzees, start to additionally co-activate sexual arousal-related circuits in the infected animals...
2017: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250771/the-synergistic-effect-of-prosociality-and-physical-attractiveness-on-mate-desirability
#16
Daniel Ehlebracht, Olga Stavrova, Detlef Fetchenhauer, Daniel Farrelly
Mate selection requires a prioritization and joint evaluation of different traits present or absent in potential mates. Herein, we focus on two such traits - physical attractiveness and prosociality - and examine how they jointly shape impressions of overall desirability. We report on two related experiments which make use of an innovative methodology combining large samples of raters and target persons (i.e., stimuli) and information on targets' behaviour in economic games representing altruistic behaviour (Experiment 1) and trustworthiness (Experiment 2), two important facets of prosociality...
December 17, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250528/questionnaire-based-assessment-of-wild-boar-domestic-pig-interactions-and-implications-for-disease-risk-management-in-corsica
#17
Ferran Jori, Anne Relun, Bastien Trabucco, François Charrier, Oscar Maestrini, David Chavernac, Daniel Cornelis, François Casabianca, Eric Marcel Charles Etter
Wild boars and domestic pigs belong to the same species (Sus scrofa). When sympatric populations of wild boars, feral pigs, and domestic pigs share the same environment, interactions between domestic and wild suids (IDWS) are suspected to facilitate the spread and maintenance of several pig pathogens which can impact on public health and pig production. However, information on the nature and factors facilitating those IDWS are rarely described in the literature. In order to understand the occurrence, nature, and the factors facilitating IDWS, a total of 85 semi-structured interviews were implemented face to face among 25 strict farmers, 20 strict hunters, and 40 hunting farmers in the main traditional pig-farming regions of Corsica, where IDWS are suspected to be common and widespread...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249909/we-re-here-and-we-re-queer-sexual-orientation-and-sexual-fluidity-differences-between-bisexual-and-queer-women
#18
Ethan H Mereish, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Julie Woulfe
Theorists and researchers have noted an overlap between bisexually-identified and queer-identified individuals. Whereas early definitions of bisexuality may have been predominantly binary (i.e., attracted to women and men), in recent years there has been a move toward a more "queer" understanding of bisexuality (e.g., attraction to more than one gender beyond female and male). The purpose of this study was to examine similarities and differences between bisexually-identified and queer-identified adult women, ages 18-66 years, on sociodemographic characteristic, two dimensions of sexual orientation (sexual behaviors and attractions), fluidity in attractions and sexual orientation identity, and identity centrality and affirmation in an online sample (N = 489), which was mostly from the United States (73...
2017: Journal of Bisexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247048/testing-a-key-assumption-in-animal-communication-between-individual-variation-in-female-visual-systems-alters-perception-of-male-signals
#19
Kelly L Ronald, Amanda L Ensminger, Matthew D Shawkey, Jeffrey R Lucas, Esteban Fernández-Juricic
Variation in male signal production has been extensively studied because of its relevance to animal communication and sexual selection. Although we now know much about the mechanisms that can lead to variation between males in the properties of their signals, there is still a general assumption that there is little variation in terms of how females process these male signals. Variation between females in signal processing may lead to variation between females in how they rank individual males, meaning that one single signal may not be universally attractive to all females...
December 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242708/physical-attractiveness-and-women-s-hiv-risk-in-rural-malawi
#20
Margaret Frye, Sophia Chae
BACKGROUND: Qualitative evidence from sub-Saharan Africa, where a generalized AIDS epidemic exists, suggests that attractiveness may play a role in shaping individual-level HIV risk. Attractive women, who are often blamed for the epidemic and stigmatized, are believed to pose a higher HIV risk because they are viewed as having more and riskier partners. OBJECTIVE: We examine the association between perceived attractiveness and HIV infection and risk in rural Malawi in the midst of the country's severe AIDS epidemic...
2017: Demographic Research
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