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David Al Dulaimi
Dong Y, Qi B, Feng XY, Jiang CM. Meta-analysis of Barrett's esophagus in China. World J Gastroenterol 2013;19(46):8770-8779 The disease pattern of Barrett's esophagus (BE) in China is poorly characterised particularly in comparison with other developed countries. This meta-analysis of 3873 cases of BE collated from 69 clinical studies conducted in 25 provinces between 2000 and 2011 investigated the epidemiology and characteristics of BE in China compared to Western countries. The total endoscopic detection rate of BE was 1...
2014: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Viral Doshi, Sundeep Shenoy, Adeel Rishi, Aarthi Ganesh, Gargi Shah, Shilpa Lankala, Janos Molnar
SESSION TYPE: Asthma Predictors and OutcomesPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 02:45 PM - 04:15 PMPURPOSE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk for asthma exacerbations and represents an understudied phenotype. However, little is known with regards to the association of BMI and near fatal Asthma (NFA)METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who were discharged from the hospital with a diagnosis of acute asthma exacerbation. Patients who required intubation during the course of their hospitalization were defined as NFA and the rest were analyzed collectively as non near-fatal asthma (non-NFA)...
October 1, 2012: Chest
N Hernández, D Alves, M Arroyo, N Basabe
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between body satisfaction, attitudes toward body and obesity, diet quality and emotional health in a group of university students. The initial hypothesis was that attitudes to thinness and fear of obesity induces weight control behaviours and lower diet quality. METHODS: 55 women of 19-25 years. The relationship between body mass index (BMI), diet quality (DQ), restrictive behaviours, eating attitudes (EDI-2, CIMEC) and attitudes toward obesity (AFA) was analyzed...
July 2012: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
R V Fenger, A Gonzalez-Quintela, C Vidal, F Gude, L L Husemoen, M Aadahl, N D Berg, A Linneberg
BACKGROUND: Obesity and risk of asthma are linked. Different distributions of adiposity, such as visceral, subcutaneous or ectopic adiposity, may affect asthma risk differently. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of different adiposity types with self-reported asthma, bronchial inflammation and lung function, accounting for possible effect modifiers, such as atopy and gender. METHODS: In a general population sample of 3471 persons aged 19-72, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were measured by ultrasound, and fat percentage by bio-impedance...
August 2012: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Didier Dewailly
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is responsible for most cases of anovulatory infertility. Hyperandrogenism, follicle excess and follicular arrest play a fundamental role that is amplified by obsesity and particularly by visceral fat excess. Hyperinsulinism is the main culprit in this aggravation. The impact of obseity on female fertility also involves extra-ovarian phenomena, and particularly negative effects on the endometrium that can lead to implantation failure and miscarriage
April 2008: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
Juan Carlos López-Alvarenga, Verónica Vázquez-Velázquez, Victoria Eugenia Bolado-García, Jorge González-Barranco, Jacqueline Castañeda-López, Lorena Robles, Consuelo Velásquez-Alva, Rebeca Aguirre-Hernández, Anthony Comuzzie
OBJECTIVE: Programs aimed at obesity prevention among elementary school age children have failed. In the present study, we analyzed the association between parental and child food preferences and determined whether this is influenced by the parents' gender and socio-economic status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We invited 300 children from a state elementary school (SES) and368 from a private middle class school (PMCS) to participate. A questionnaire was given to each parent to complete together with another questionnaire asking questions about their child...
November 2007: Gaceta Médica de México
J Marco, J M Zabay, M A García-Marco, G Gomez, J M Mulet, M A Munar, J Soler, C Viader
Numerous association studies have been performed to evaluate the relationship between the angiotensinogen gene and the essential hypertension, but their results are conflicting. The conflicting results may be explained by methodological reasons, particularly genetic differences in the population samples, phenotypic differences in the hypertensive populations analyzed, lack of appropriate control for other hypertension risk factors in some studies, or limited statistical power among many studies. Furthermore, hypertension is a public health issue of great relevance in Baleric Islands (Spain)...
2005: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
M M Morales Suárez-Varela, M C Jiménez López, A Llopis González, L García-Marcos Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight have been described as factors associated with asthma. Our aim was to evaluate the role obesity plays on asthma in children. SCOPE AND SUBJECTs: A study carried out on children and teenagers between 8 and 15 years of age, chosen for a cluster-type random sampling from children who studied in 80 schools, which represents 30% of the schools in the city of Valencia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysed data was organized into two groups, obese (from the Body Mass Index (Kg/m2)), showing children with a percentile over 85% of the measuring reference for the Spanish population) and non obese, when they did not fulfil this condition...
November 2005: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Bülent Kayahan, Ozgür Oztürk, Baybars Veznedaroğlu
Schizophrenia and obsesive compulsive disorder (OCD) are among the oldest described psychiatric disorders. Although they appear to be two distinct psychiatric disorders, early literature about the existence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in schizophrenia dates back to the 1920's. The findings that atypical antipsychotics exacerbate obsessive-compulsive symptoms among schizophrenic patients and the emergence of a possible biological relation between the two diseases increased interest in this subject. Until the 1990's information about the aetiology of obsessive-compulsive symptoms which are observed in about 60% of schizophrenic patients, was insufficient...
2005: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 1962: Zeitschrift Für ärztliche Fortbildung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1963: Psyche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1957: Helvetica Physiologica et Pharmacologica Acta
R S Strauss, S E Barlow, W H Dietz
OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the prevalence of abnormal liver enzymes in overweight and obese adolescents and (2) to determine the relationship of alcohol ingestion and serum antioxidants to the presence of abnormal liver enzymes in overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels were measured in 2450 children between the ages of 12 and 18 years, enrolled in the National Health and Examination Survey, cycle III (NHANES III)...
June 2000: Journal of Pediatrics
K Fukagawa, D S Knight, H V Price, T Sakata, P Tso
Rats with lesions to the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) manifest obesity, hyperphagia, and hyperinsulinemia, and fetal VMH transplantation into the third cerebroventricle of VMH-lesioned rats reduces the development of obesity caused by the lesion. The aim of this study was to determine whether the hyperphagia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperinsulinemia of obsese Zucker rats could be corrected by the transplantation of lean fetal Zucker hypothalamic tissue into the third cerebral ventricle of Zucker obese rats. After the fetal hypothalamic transplant (obese-HY), the rate of weight gain was significantly diminished compared with the unoperated Zucker obese rats and the obese rats that received the transplantation of a similar amount of frontal cortical tissue from the same fetus (obese-FC)...
July 1996: American Journal of Physiology
T Nakajima, S Otsuka, S Paimon, E Doi, S Adachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1974: Josanpu Zasshi, the Japanese Journal for Midwife
H Heesen, D Geisler, P Jöns, H Petersen
The development of vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency was investigated in 17 obese patients in the course of a 1000 calory diet or during total fasting for a fortnight. Compared with normal persons no changes of concentrations of total thiamine, TPP, and pyruvate in the blood; thiamine excretion in the urine, or activiation coefficient of the eryhrocyte transketolase (alphaETK) were observed during the reducing diet. However, during a fortnight's total fasting all values decreased significantly to those of thiamine deficiency...
March 14, 1975: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
J Bae, E Y Ting, J G Giuffrida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1976: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
C L Hamilton, J L Rabinowitz
Two hyperinsulinemic rhesus monkeys, made obsese (body weight 22 kg) by the placement of hypothalamic lesions, were place on a weight reduction diet for a period of approximately eight months. After losing approximately losing approximately 25% body weight, the animals exhibited a fall in serum insulin levels without changes in plasma glucose levels or composition of fat pad tissue. There was evidence that the number of adipocytes remained constant but were reduced in size after the body weight loss.
1976: Journal of Medical Primatology
H K Kley, H L Krüskemper
Total testosterone, the fraction of unbound testosterone and free testosterone were measured in 116 males of varying body weight in the range of 80 to 256% of the ideal weight. There are 3 groups for the establishment of normal ranges of testosterone. Testosterone and the fraction of unbound testosterone were fairly constant in group I (80--160% of the ideal weight). In group II (160--200% of ideal weight) there was a tendency towards lower values. The relatively wide normal range for testosterone was not reached in only 5 of these 20 patients...
October 19, 1979: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
A G Olsson
A clinical and laboratory examination of abnormalities not attributable to atherosclerosis has been performed on 188 male and 126 female adult subjects with hyperlipidaemia. The sample was recruited from 20000 subjects screened at a health control centre who had an initial serum cholesterol and/or triglyceride (TG) concentration above 350 mg/100 ml and 3.50 mmol/l. All were subjectively healthy and had no history of atherosclerotic disease. Known cases of secondary hyperlipidaemia were excluded. Lipoprotein (LP) analysis with preparative ultracentrifugation and electrophoresis was made on all subjects including control group with "nonelevated" serum lipids...
June 1975: Acta Medica Scandinavica
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