keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vascular surgery anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212584/horner-syndrome-in-2-pigs-sus-scrofa-after-vascular-grafting-of-the-carotid-artery-and-jugular-vein
#1
Gabrielle C Musk, Martyn King, Bulang He
The term Horner syndrome refers to the clinical presentation of oculosympathoparesis, comprising miosis, ptosis, and facial anhydrosis. To date, there are 2 reports of postoperative Horner syndrome in pigs. In this species the cervical sympathetic chain and cranial cervical sympathetic ganglion are consistently within the carotid artery sheath. This case study describes the sudden onset of Horner syndrome in 2 pigs, from a study cohort of 8, after the placement of a vascular graft between the carotid artery and external jugular vein...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204425/continuous-non-invasive-arterial-pressure-assessment-during-surgery-to-improve-outcome
#2
REVIEW
Alena Stenglova, Jan Benes
Blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important variables evaluated during almost every medical examination. Most national anesthesiology societies recommend BP monitoring at least once every 5 min in anesthetized subjects undergoing surgical procedures. In most cases, BP is monitored non-invasively using oscillometric cuffs. Although the risk of arterial cannulation is not very high, the invasive BP monitoring is usually indicated only in the case of high-risk patients or in complex surgical procedures...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189286/epidural-anesthesia-to-facilitate-organ-blood-flow-during-the-first-penile-transplantation-in-the-united-states-a-case-report
#3
Katarina J Ruscic, Grettel J Zamora-Berridi, Francis J McGovern, Curtis Cetrulo, Jonathan M Winograd, Kyle R Eberlin, Branko Bojovic, Dicken S Ko, T Anthony Anderson
Regional anesthesia has been used to help create local sympathectomy and improve blood flow in plastic surgery procedures involving tissue grafts and flaps. However, anesthetic techniques that reduce systemic vascular resistance must be used with caution in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Combined neuraxial and general anesthesia with careful titration of the local anesthetic dose can be a safe approach for patients with AS undergoing microvascular procedures. We present the anesthetic management of the first North American penile transplant, on an obese patient with moderate AS...
November 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161549/ultrasound-guided-versus-conventional-injection-for-caudal-block-in-children-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#4
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Ahmet Murat Yayik, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Mursel Ekinci, Birzat Emre Gölboyu, Erkan Cem Celik, Haci Ahmet Alici, Akgun Oral, Saban Oguz Demirdogen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of ultrasound guided sacral hiatus injection and conventional sacral canal injection performed for caudal block in children. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Operating rooms of university hospital of Erzurum, Turkey. PATIENTS: One hundred-thirty four children, American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, between the ages of 5 and 12, scheduled for elective phimosis and circumcision surgery...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157877/-treatment-of-wrinkles-of-the-upper-lip-by-emulsified-fat-or-nanofat-biological-and-clinical-study-about-4%C3%A2-cases
#5
F Mesguich Batel, B Bertrand, J Magalon, P François, M Velier, J Veran, S Mallet, E Jouve, F Sabatier, D Casanova
OBJECTIVE: Emulsified fat injection showed its interest in aesthetic facial surgery. The adipose tissue harvested is mechanically emulsified and filtered. The suspension obtained is injected into the dermis through small diameter needles (27 to 30 gauges). The objective of our study was to evaluate the biological composition of emulsified fat and its clinical effectiveness in the treatment of peri-oral wrinkles in 4 patients aged 50 to 59 years. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Each patient received an intradermal injection of emulsified fat in the peri-oral wrinkles prepared from abdominal fat under local anesthesia...
November 17, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151335/comparison-of-tidal-volume-and-deep-breath-preoxygenation-techniquesundergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-effects-of-hemodynamicresponse-and-arterial-oxygenation
#6
Zafer Taş, Tülay Hoşten, Alparslan Kuş, Sevim Cesur, Neşe Türkyılmaz, Ahmet Arıkan, Zeynep Mine Solak
Background/aim: Different techniques exist for the preoxygenation of patients that will be operated on under general anesthesia. Preoxygenation with the deep breath (DB) method may affect cardiovascular stability, which is crucial for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of the 3 min TVB preoxygenation technique and 1 min 8DBs technique on hemodynamic response and arterial oxygenation in patients with normal ejection fraction that were scheduled for elective CABG surgery...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140967/near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-vascular-occlusion-test-for-predicting-clinical-outcome-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Ji-Hyun Lee, Young-Eun Jang, In-Kyung Song, Eun-Hee Kim, Hee-Soo Kim, Jin-Tae Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to determine the feasibility and utility of vascular occlusion test variables as measured by INVOS Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) in pediatric cardiac patients. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary children's hospital. PATIENTS: Children less than or equal to 8 years old who were scheduled for elective cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: A vascular occlusion test (3 min of ischemia and reperfusion) was performed on the calf at three time points: after induction of anesthesia (T0), during cardiopulmonary bypass (T1), and after sternal closure (T2)...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126769/cardiovascular-complications-in-head-neck-microvascular-flap-reconstruction-a-retrospective-risk-stratification-and-outcomes-assessment
#8
Naseem Ghazali, Steven Caldroney, Donita Dyalram, Joshua E Lubek
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence and predictors of cardiac complications (CC) in head & neck microvascular flap reconstruction. METHODS: A series of 216 microvascular flaps performed between 2012 and 2015 were analyzed using the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (CRCI) and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Multivariate regression analysis was undertaken for predictive factors of outcomes. RESULTS: Twenty patients developed CC (9.7%) with transient cardiac arrhythmia (6...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103148/cerebrovascular-co2-reactivity-during-isoflurane-nitrous-oxide-anesthesia-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#9
Kazuyoshi Ishida, Masato Uchida, Kohji Utada, Atsuo Yamashita, Satoshi Yamashita, Shiro Fukuda, Mishiya Matsumoto, Takefumi Sakabe
PURPOSE: We assessed the cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity (CO2R) in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients without diabetes mellitus (DM), uncontrolled hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, or neurological disease under isoflurane-nitrous oxide anesthesia. METHODS: Forty-nine patients undergoing surgery, including 36 CRF patients (30 receiving dialysis and six pre-dialysis patients) and 13 patients without CRF (controls). Middle cerebral artery flow velocity (VMCA) was measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography at an end-tidal CO2 of 35 to 45 mmHg...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966151/the-long-and-winding-road-thoracic-myelopathy-associated-with-occipitocervical-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#10
Angelique Sao-Mai Do, Joseph Kapurch, Ravi Kumar, John Port, Jeffrey W Miller, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVES: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have diverse presentations. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reveals spinal cord swelling in only 45% to 74% of cases. We present an unusual case of a 57-year old man with a craniocervical junction DAVF in which the edema appeared in the thoracolumbar region, skipping the cervical spinal cord. METHODS: A case report and literature review from a tertiary referral center are provided. RESULTS: In our patient, symptoms progressed over 3 months from low back and radicular pain to weakness, saddle anesthesia, and urinary retention...
September 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962579/effects-of-surgery-and-propofol-remifentanil-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-of-inflammation-alzheimer-s-disease-and-neuronal-injury-in-humans-a-cohort-study
#11
Andreas Pikwer, Markus Castegren, Sijal Namdar, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Niklas Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Surgery and anesthesia have been linked to postoperative cognitive disturbance and increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. It is not clear by which mechanisms this increased risk for cognitive disease is mediated. Further, amyloid β production has been suggested to depend on the sleep-wake cycle and neuronal activity. The aim of the present study was to examine if cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of a number of biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease-related processes, including amyloid β, neuronal injury, and inflammation, changed over time during intravenous anesthesia in surgical patients...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962117/nearly-asymptomatic-intracranial-capillary-hemangiomas-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Xiaoyu Xia, Haoju Zhang, Hongyan Gao, Yi Yang, Yiwu Dai, Yang Jiao, Jianghong He
The present study reported a nearly asymptomatic case of intracranial capillary hemangioma (ICHs), which are rare benign vascular tumors or tumor-like lesions. A 33-year-old female came to the hospital with a complaint of a slight but recurring morning headache concentrated in the left posterior occipital area. These headaches spontaneously resolved without any treatment. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass inside the left occipital lobe. The patient refused to undergo conservative observation at home and insisted on radical therapy...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899835/successful-treatment-with-microvascular-decompression-surgery-of-a-patient-with-hemiparesis-caused-by-vertebral-artery-compression-of-the-medulla-oblongata-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Jibin Ren, Hongtao Sun, Yunfeng Diao, Xuegang Niu, Hang Wang, Zhengjun Wei, Fei Yuan
BACKGROUND: There are few reports on hemiparesis caused by vascular medullary compression, which can occur because of dolichoectasia of the vertebrobasilar arterial system. In this article, we report a case of vertebral artery compression of the medulla oblongata in a 67-year-old woman. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was hypertensive, and she developed hemiparesis and intermittent spasms over 5 years. These spasms had worsened during the last year. Cranial nerve magnetic resonance imaging showed compression of the medulla oblongata by the left vertebral artery...
September 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893702/risk-factors-associated-with-perioperative-myocardial-infarction-in-major-open-vascular-surgery
#14
Danielle C Sutzko, Elizabeth A Andraska, Andrea T Obi, Peter K Henke, Nicholas H Osborne
BACKGROUND: Among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, major vascular surgery is associated with a high risk of perioperative myocardial infarction (MI). Currently, there are no perioperative MI risk calculators accounting for intraoperative and postoperative risk factors in vascular surgery patients. We aimed to investigate specific risk factors for perioperative MI after major open vascular surgery to determine which patients are at highest risk of MI and the association of perioperative MI with perioperative transfusion...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890063/the-value-of-carotid-endarterectomy-as-a-learning-tool-for-trainees
#15
Laura Maria Cacioppa, Rodolfo Pini, Matteo Longhi, Andrea Vacirca, Enrico Gallitto, Gianluca Faggioli, Mauro Gargiulo, Andrea Stella
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) intervention needs a specific training and a sufficient learning curve to obtain optimal results in terms of outcome. A formative program was settled up in a single academic center to optimize training of standard CEA procedures. This study aims to evaluate the 11-year results of the teaching CEA program. METHODS: The trainees CEA teaching program is carried on during the 5-year vascular surgery residency period, and it is stratified as follows: learning theory and intervention assistance (minimum 50 procedures per year) in the first and second residency year; performing CEA as second operator in the third and fourth residency year (minimum 50 procedures per year); CEA execution as first operator with attending supervision in the last residency year...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887248/positive-impact-of-an-aortic-center-designation
#16
Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Marcelo Giarelli, Paul A Armstrong, Brad Johnson, Karl A Illig, Bruce Zwiebel, Lawrence S Grundy, Robert Hooker, Christiano Caldeira, Martin A Back, Murray L Shames
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, we created a multidisciplinary Aortic Center with the collaboration of Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery, Interventional Radiology, Anesthesia and Hospital Administration. We report the initial success of creating a Comprehensive Aortic Center. METHODS: All aortic procedures performed from January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2016 were entered into a prospectively collected database and compared with available data for 2014. Primary outcomes included the number of all aortic related procedures, transfer acceptance rate, transfer time, and proportion of elective/emergent referrals...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883778/examination-of-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-surgical-site-infections
#17
Slobodan Stanic, Janja Bojanic, Predrag Grubor, Biljana Mijovic, Veljko Maric
INTRODUCTION: Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) and surgical site infections (SSI) are a global public health problem. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of SSIs at the Surgical Clinics of the University Clinical Centre Banja Luka and to identify risk factors for the development of SSIs. METHODS: In order to determine the frequency of SSIs through the incidence compared to the patients operated at the Surgical Clinics of the University Clinical Centre Banja Luka, we conducted a prospective cohort study which encompassed 11...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872504/chondrocutaneous-preauricular-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-nasal-defects-aided-by-interposition-vascular-graft
#18
Sangjun Yim, Seok-Chan Eun
INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction of a nose deformity with a full-thickness defect is not an easy procedure because the nose is highly noticeable, being located at the center of the face, and plays an important role in breathing. Esthetics and functionality are equally important. Local flap reconstruction is an option but it has limitations for reconstruction of large defects because of the following the scar and the deformity at the recipient site. Chondrocutaneous preauricular free flaps can be used to provide grafts with satisfactory esthetics...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836154/randomized-controlled-trial-of-moderate-hypothermia-versus-deep-hypothermia-anesthesia-on-brain-injury-during-stanford-a-aortic-dissection-surgery
#19
Xufang Sun, Hua Yang, Xinyu Li, Yue Wang, Chuncheng Zhang, Zhimin Song, Zhenxiang Pan
This study aimed to compare the effects of moderate versus deep hypothermia anesthesia for Stanford A aortic dissection surgery on brain injury. A total of 82 patients who would undergo Stanford A aortic dissection surgery were randomized into two groups: moderate hypothermia group (MH, n = 40, nasopharyngeal temperature 25 °C, and rectal temperature 28 °C) and deep hypothermia group (DH, n = 42, nasopharyngeal temperature 20 °C, and rectal temperature 25 °C). Different vascular replacement techniques including aortic root replacement, Bentall, and Wheat were used...
August 23, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820799/regional-anesthesia-and-analgesia-after-surgery-in-icu
#20
Mathieu Capdevila, Séverin Ramin, Xavier Capdevila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim is to demonstrate that ICU physicians should play a pivotal role in developing regional anesthesia techniques that are underused in critically ill patients despite the proven facts in perioperative and long-term pain, organ dysfunction, and postsurgery patient health-related quality of life improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Regional anesthesia and/or analgesia strategies in ICU reduce the surgical and trauma-stress response in surgical patients as well as complications incidence...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
keyword
keyword
38077
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"