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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890357/effect-of-cement-space-on-stress-distribution-in-y-tzp-based-crowns
#1
Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Yuanyuan Duan, José Henrique Rubo, Jason Alan Griggs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stress distribution in bi-layered Y-TZP based crowns, according to the occlusal internal spacing between coping and abutment. METHODS: Twelve premolar shaped Y-TZP copings were made by a CAD/CAM system and seated on an abutment to evaluate the internal fit at the occlusal third using micro-CT images. Considering the fitting range obtained experimentally, two 3D finite element models, consisting on bone tissue, a titanium implant, a zirconia abutment, cement layer and a bi-layered Y-TZP ceramic crown were constructed based on the micro-CT images, one corresponding to the thinnest cement space and other representing the specimen with the thickest cement space obtained experimentally...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861668/ceramic-veneered-zirconia-frameworks-in-full-arch-implant-rehabilitations-a-6-month-to-5-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
João Manuel Mendez Caramês, António Duarte Sola Pereira da Mata, Duarte Nuno da Silva Marques, Helena Cristina de Oliveira Francisco
PURPOSE: This was a retrospective cohort study designed to evaluate the clinical performance of ceramic-veneered zirconia frameworks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were recruited according to defined inclusion criteria. All patients were checked every 4 months from the time of definitive rehabilitation. At the end of 2013, all patients were rescheduled and rechecked for study purposes. The restorative procedures assessment was performed by previously established methods...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826383/shear-bond-strength-of-veneering-ceramic-to-coping-materials-with-different-pre-surface-treatments
#3
Natasya Ahmad Tarib, Norsamihah Anuar, Marlynda Ahmad
PURPOSE: Pre-surface treatments of coping materials have been recommended to enhance the bonding to the veneering ceramic. Little is known on the effect on shear bond strength, particularly with new coping material. The aim of this study was to investigate the shear bond strength of veneering ceramic to three coping materials: i) metal alloy (MA), ii) zirconia oxide (ZO), and iii) lithium disilicate (LD) after various pre-surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two (n = 32) discs were prepared for each coping material...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796072/time-efficiency-analysis-of-the-treatment-with-monolithic-implant-crowns-in-a-digital-workflow-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Tim Joda, Urs Brägger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the randomized controlled trial was to analyze time-efficiency of a treatment with implant crowns made of monolithic lithium disilicate (LS2) plus titanium base vs. porcelain fuse to zirconium dioxide (ZrO2 ) in a digital workflow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty study participants were included for single-tooth replacement in premolar and molar sites. Baseline was the start of the prosthetic treatment. All patients received transocclusal screw-retained implant reconstructions on a soft tissue level-type implant...
November 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730222/adhesive-esthetic-treatment-%C3%A2-of-non-syndromic-maxillary-anterior-%C3%A2-microdontia-in-young-high-demanding-patients-a-case-series
#5
Federico Tirone, Stefano Salzano, Erik Rolando
BACKGROUND: Microdontia of the maxillary anterior teeth occurs quite frequently but is poorly documented. The literature describes several treatment choices, which are often focused on an orthodontic approach rather than a restorative one. The latest trends in restorative dentistry and the new ceramic materials, such as lithium disilicate, allow clinicians to perform esthetic rehabilitations based on microinvasive approaches that are most appropriate for younger patients. SUMMARY: Four patients, all employed in the field of dentistry, presented at our dental practice complaining of diastemata between their maxillary anterior teeth...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730217/minimally-invasive-vertical-preparation-design-for-ceramic-veneers
#6
Mario Imburgia, Angelo Canale, Davide Cortellini, Marco Maneschi, Claudio Martucci, Marco Valenti
The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726968/effect-of-different-aging-methods-on-the-mechanical-behavior-of-multi-layered-ceramic-structures
#7
Márcia Borba, Maico D de Araújo, Karen A Fukushima, Humberto N Yoshimura, Jason A Griggs, Álvaro Della Bona, Paulo F Cesar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two aging methods (mechanical cycling and autoclave) on the mechanical behavior of veneer and framework ceramic specimens with different configurations (monolithic, two and three-layers). METHODS: Three ceramics used as framework for fixed dental prostheses (YZ-Vita In-Ceram YZ; IZ-Vita In-Ceram Zirconia; AL-Vita In-Ceram AL) and two veneering porcelains (VM7 and VM9) were studied. Bar-shaped specimens were produced in three different designs: monolithic, two layers (porcelain-framework) and three layers (porcelain-framework-porcelain)...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725514/effects-of-multiple-firings-on-the-microstructure-of-zirconia-and-veneering-ceramics
#8
Murat Alkurt, Zeynep Yeşil Duymus, Mustafa Gundogdu
The aim of study was to evaluate the effects of multiple firings on the microstructures of zirconia and two ceramics. Vita VM9 (VMZ) and Cerabien ZR (C-Z) ceramics on a zirconia framework and zirconia without veneering ceramic (WO-Z) were evaluated. Firing methods included firing two, five, and ten times (n=10). The effects of multiple firings on the surface hardness of the materials were evaluated using a Vickers hardness (HV) tester. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). After firing five and ten times, the hardness of VM-Z and C-Z increased significantly (p<0...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717755/optical-properties-of-pre-colored-dental-monolithic-zirconia-ceramics
#9
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the optical properties of recently marketed pre-colored monolithic zirconia ceramics and to compare with those of veneered zirconia and lithium disilicate glass ceramics. METHODS: Various shades of pre-colored monolithic zirconia, veneered zirconia, and lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were tested (17.0×17.0×1.5mm, n=5). CIELab color coordinates were obtained against white, black, and grey backgrounds with a spectrophotometer...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700128/how-to-bond-zirconia-the-apc-concept
#10
Markus B Blatz, Marcela Alvarez, Kimiyo Sawyer, Marco Brindis
Zirconia has become one of the most popular materials in dentistry. New high-translucent zirconia ceramics have favorable optical properties and can be applied as monolithic full-contour restorations in various clinical indications for posterior and anterior teeth. However, having reliable cementation protocols is fundamental for clinical success of indirect ceramic dental restorations, including those made from zirconia materials. Resin bonding supports ceramic restorations and is necessary for onlays, laminate veneers, and resinbonded fixed dental prostheses...
October 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697333/lifetime-prediction-of-zirconia-and-metal-ceramic-crowns-loaded-on-marginal-ridges
#11
Vinicius P Fardin, Vitor Guarconi de Paula, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Gerson Bonfante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fatigue life of zirconia-veneered and metal-ceramic crowns comprised by an even thickness or a modified framework design when loaded on marginal ridges. METHODS: Eighty marginal ridges were present after fabrication of forty molar crowns cemented onto composite-resin replicas and divided (n=20/each), in the following groups: metal-ceramic with even thickness (MCev) or with a modified framework design (MCm, lingual collar with proximal struts); porcelain-fused to zirconia with even thickness (PFZev) or with the modified framework design (PFZm)...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692707/effect-of-core-ceramic-grinding-on-fracture-behaviour-of-bilayered-zirconia-veneering-ceramic-systems-under-two-loading-schemes
#12
Yu-Tao Jian, Tian-Yu Tang, Michael V Swain, Xiao-Dong Wang, Ke Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of core ceramic grinding on the fracture behaviour of bilayered zirconia under two loading schemes. METHODS: Interfacial surfaces of sandblasted zirconia disks (A) were ground with 80 (B), 120 (C) and 220 (D) grit diamond discs, respectively. Surface roughness and topographic analysis were performed using a confocal scanning laser microscope (CSLM) and a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Relative monoclinic content was evaluated using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) then reevaluated after simulated veneer firing...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692583/using-modified-polyetheretherketone-peek-as-an-alternative-material-for-endocrown-restorations-a-short-term-clinical%C3%A2-report
#13
Panagiotis Zoidis, Eleonora Bakiri, Gregory Polyzois
A modified polyetheretherketone (PEEK) framework material veneered with indirect light-polymerized composite resin was used as an alternative material for the fabrication of an endocrown restoration for an extensively damaged molar. The elastic modulus of the polyetheretherketone framework (4 GPa) veneered with indirect composite resin could dampen the occlusal forces protecting tooth structures better than ceramic materials. This is important in the restoration of extensively damaged molars with weak roots...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689840/water-sorption-and-solubility-of-luting-agents-used-under-ceramic-laminates-with-different-degrees-of-translucency
#14
C L Leal, Apv Queiroz, R M Foxton, S Argolo, P Mathias, A N Cavalcanti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-thickness ceramic laminate translucency on water sorption and solubility in resin luting agents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ceramic slides (15×0.7 mm) were generated using lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) that were A1 in color and had decreasing degrees of translucency (high, medium, and low). A slide of transparent glass of similar size was used as the control...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671466/fatigue-behavior-of-resin-modified-monolithic-cad-cam-rnc-crowns-and-endocrowns
#15
G T Rocca, P Sedlakova, C M Saratti, R Sedlacek, L Gregor, N Rizcalla, A J Feilzer, I Krejci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of different types of modifications with resin on fatigue resistance and failure behavior of CAD-CAM resin nano ceramic (RNC) restorations for maxillary first premolars. METHODS: Sixty standardized resin composite root dies received CAD-CAM RNC endocrowns (n=30) and crowns (n=30) (Lava Ultimate, 3M Espe). Restorations were divided into six groups: full anatomic endocrowns (group A) and crowns (group D), buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group B) and crowns (group E) and buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group C) and crowns (group F) with a central groove resin filling...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663724/zirconia-abutments-for-single-tooth-implant-restorations-a-10-to-11-year-follow-up-study
#16
Anders Ekfeldt, Björn Fürst, Gunnar E Carlsson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical outcome of custom-made zirconia abutments for implant-supported single-tooth restorations 10-11 years after insertion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprises a clinical examination of 23 patients with 30 restorations placed 10-11 years ago. Oral surgeons placed the implants. The prosthodontic treatment was provided at a prosthodontic specialist clinic. The restoration was either an all-ceramic crown for cementation or a screw-retained one-piece restoration with the veneering porcelain baked directly to the zirconia abutment...
September 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662604/prognosis-of-indirect-composite-resin-cuspal-coverage-on-endodontically-treated-premolars-and-molars-an-in-vivo-prospective-study
#17
Maria Carlos Real Dias, Jorge N R Martins, André Chen, Sérgio André Quaresma, Henrique Luís, João Caramês
PURPOSE: This prospective clinical study evaluated the success rate of indirect composite resin cuspal coverage on endodontically treated molars and premolars and the survival rate of the restored teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty endodontically treated teeth were restored with total resin cuspal coverage and randomly selected for the study. Patients were recalled after 2 to 5 years for clinical evaluation. Data were subjected to standard tests of statistical correlations using Spearman test...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638179/effects-of-pretreatments-and-hydrothermal-aging-on-biaxial-flexural-strength-of-lithium-di-silicate-and-mg-psz-ceramics
#18
Maria André, Wen Kou, Göran Sjögren, Anders Sundh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of specimen thickness, pretreatment and hydrothermal aging on the biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of lithium di-silicate glass (e.max Cad) and magnesia-stabilized zirconia (ZirMagnum) ceramic discs. METHODS: The e.max Cad discs was studied: i) crystallized, ii) crystallized and glazed and iii) crystallized, glazed and unglazed side etched with hydrofluoric acid. The ZirMagnum discs were studied: i) as delivered, ii) after sandblasting and iii) after heat treatment similar to veneering...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611758/application-of-monolithic-zirconia-ceramics-in-dental-practice-a-case-history-report
#19
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim, Jai-Bong Lee, Jung-Suk Han, In-Sung Yeo
Monolithic zirconia restorations increasingly have been used in dental practice in recent years and demonstrate superior mechanical performance compared with porcelain-veneered zirconia restorations. Recent advances in manufacturing technology have made possible the fabrication of translucent monolithic zirconia ceramics. This case report describes three clinical examples of monolithic zirconia fixed dental prostheses being used in the anterior and posterior regions and exhibiting acceptable esthetic results...
September 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611751/functional-and-esthetic-comparison-of-metal-ceramic-and-all-ceramic-posterior-three-unit-fixed-dental-prostheses
#20
Maj H Nicolaisen, Golnosh Bahrami, Lars Schropp, Flemming Isidor
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess functional and esthetic satisfaction plus evaluate changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) after insertion of a metal-ceramic (MC-FDP) or a veneered zirconia all-ceramic (AC-FDP) posterior three-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP). Additionally, patients' and professionals' esthetic evaluations were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 34 patients was randomized to receive a MC-FDP (n = 17) or an AC-FDP (n = 17)...
September 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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