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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329589/enhanced-metastatic-capacity-of-breast-cancer-cells-after-interaction-and-hybrid-formation-with-mesenchymal-stroma-stem-cells-msc
#1
Catharina Melzer, Juliane von der Ohe, Ralf Hass
BACKGROUND: Fusion of breast cancer cells with tumor-associated populations of the microenvironment including mesenchymal stroma/stem-like cells (MSC) represents a rare event in cell communication whereby the metastatic capacity of those hybrid cells remains unclear. METHODS: Functional changes were investigated in vitro and in vivo following spontaneous fusion and hybrid cell formation between primary human MSC and human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Thus, lentiviral eGFP-labeled MSC and breast cancer cells labeled with mcherry resulted in dual-fluorescing hybrid cells after co-culture...
January 5, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303514/depletion-of-s100a4-stromal-cells-does-not-prevent-hcc-development-but-reduces-the-stem-cell-like-phenotype-of-the-tumors
#2
Jingjing Jiao, Álvaro González, Heather L Stevenson, Mihai Gagea, Hikaru Sugimoto, Raghu Kalluri, Laura Beretta
There is a pressing need for the development of novel approaches to treat and prevent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The S100 calcium-binding protein S100A4 is associated with poor prognosis and metastasis in several human cancers. In addition, a role for S100A4 in modulating cancer-initiating cells stemness properties was recently proposed in head and neck and gastric cancers. Whether S100A4+ stromal cells contribute to tumor onset remains, however, an unanswered question. To address that question, we generated a new mouse model allowing for the depletion of S100A4+ cells in a mouse model of HCC with stemness properties, by crossing mice with hepatic deletion of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) with mice expressing viral thymidine kinase under the control of S100A4 promoter...
January 5, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303365/microrna-187-inhibits-growth-and-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma-by-downregulating-s100a4
#3
Yi Xiao, Quan Zhao, Bo Du, Hua-Yan Chen, Dao-Zheng Zhou
Abnormal expression and dysfunction of microRNAs are correlated with osteosarcoma (OS). This study demonstrated that the miR-187 level in OS tissues and cell lines was decreased. The proliferation and metastatic abilities of U-2OS cells were inhibited by miR-187 overexpression and promoted by miR-187 knockdown. Moreover, miR-187 also inhibited growth and metastasis of OS cells in vivo. Furthermore, we revealed that miR-187 could interact with S100A4 3'-UTR and inhibit S100A4 expression in OS cells. In summary, miR-187 inhibits growth and metastasis of OS cells by downregulating S100A4, which might be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target of OS...
January 5, 2018: Cancer Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282275/s100a4-regulates-macrophage-invasion-by-distinct-myosin-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms
#4
Natalya G Dulyaninova, Penelope D Ruiz, Matthew J Gamble, Jonathan M Backer, Anne R Bresnick
S100A4, a member of the S100 family of Ca2+-binding proteins, is a key regulator of cell migration and invasion. Our previous studies showed that bone marrow-derived macrophages from S100A4-/- mice exhibit defects in directional motility and chemotaxis in vitro, as well as reduced recruitment to sites of inflammation in vivo (Li et al., 2010). We now show that the loss of S100A4 produces two mechanistically distinct phenotypes with regard to macrophage invasion: a defect in matrix degradation, due to a disruption of podosome rosettes caused by myosin-IIA overassembly, and a myosin-independent increase in microtubule acetylation, which increases podosome rosette stability and is sufficient to inhibit macrophage invasion...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251175/the-role-of-s100a4-protein-in-anticancer-cytotoxicity-its-presence-is-required-on-the-surface-of-cd4-cd25-pgrps-s100a4-lymphocyte-and-undesirable-on-the-surface-of-target-cells
#5
E A Dukhanina, T I Lukyanova, A S Dukhanin, S G Georgieva
S100A4 is a Ca2+-binding protein that performs an important role in metastasis. It is also known for its antitumor functions. S100A4 is expressed by a specialized subset of CD4+CD25+ lymphocytes and is present on those cell's membranes along with peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs). There, by interacting with major heat shock protein Hsp70, S100A4 plays an important cytotoxic role. The resulting stably formed complex of PGRPs, S100A4 and Hsp70 is required for the identification and binding between a lymphocyte and a target cell...
December 17, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218245/expression-of-mir-149-3p-inhibits-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-bladder-cancer-by-targeting-s100a4
#6
Dengke Yang, Guang Du, An Xu, Xuetao Xi, Dong Li
MicroRNAs play key roles during various crucial cell processes, such as proliferation, migration, and invasion. In addition, microRNAs have been shown to possess oncogenic and tumor suppressive functions in human cancers. Increasing evidence has clarified that miR-149-3p, a novel cancer-related microRNA, plays an important role in suppression of proliferation, migration, and invasion; however, the effect and mechanisms underlying the miR-149-3p effect in bladder cancer (BCa) remain unclear. In the current study we found that the increased expression of miR-149-3p significantly suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion ability in BCa...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212855/t-cell-densities-in-brain-metastases-are-associated-with-patient-survival-times-and-diffusion-tensor-mri-changes
#7
Rasheed Zakaria, Angela Platt-Higgins, Nitika Rathi, Mark Radon, Sumit Das, Kumar Das, Maneesh Bhojak, Andrew Brodbelt, Emmanuel Chavredakis, Michael D Jenkinson, Philip S Rudland
Brain metastases are common and are usually detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a derivative MRI technique which can detect disruption of white matter tracts in the brain. We have matched preoperative DTI with image-guided sampling of the brain-tumor interface in 26 patients during resection of a brain metastasis and assessed mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA). The tissue samples were analysed for vascularity, inflammatory cell infiltration, growth pattern, and tumor expression of proteins associated with growth or local invasion such as Ki67, S100A4, and MMP2, 9, and 13...
December 6, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204268/role-of-metastasis-induced-protein-s100a4-in-human-non-tumor-pathophysiologies
#8
REVIEW
Fei Fei, Jie Qu, Chunyuan Li, Xinlu Wang, Yuwei Li, Shiwu Zhang
S100A4, an important member of the S100 family of proteins, is best known for its significant role in promoting cancer progression and metastasis. In addition to its expression in tumors, upregulation of S100A4 expression has been associated with various non-tumor pathophysiology processes. However, the mechanisms underlying the role of S100A4 remain unclear. Activated "host" cells (fibroblasts, immunocytes, vascular cells, among others) secrete S100A4 into the extracellular space in various non-tumor human disorders, where it executes its biological functions by interacting with intracellular target proteins...
2017: Cell & Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199332/-effect-of-hbxip-on-biological-function-and-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-cell-line-acc-m
#9
Xue Meng, Xiao-Yu Qi, Qiu-Xu Wang, Wei-Xian Liu
PURPOSE: To study the effect of hepatitis B virus X protein binding protein (HBXIP) on proliferation, migration and invasion of adenoid cystic carcinoma cell line ACC-M, and the possible mechanism of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. METHODS: HBXIP plasmid was transfected into ACC-M. The cells were divided into experimental group (transfected with plasmid pEGFP-N1-HBXIP) control group (non-transfected group) and blank control group (vector group, pEGFP-N1). RT-PCR was used to detect the expression HBXIP in ACC-M; MTT assay, transwell chamber experiments and scratches over the proliferation of HBXIP were utilized individually to evaluate the influence of HBXIP on ACC-M expression, migration and invasion; Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of Akt, p-Akt, PI3K, p-PI3K and S100A4 after overexpression of HBXIP...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149696/clearance-of-plasmin-pn-1-complexes-by-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-human-aneurysm-of-the-ascending-aorta
#10
Kamel Boukais, Luciano F Borges, Laurence Venisse, Ziad Touat, Déborah François, Véronique Arocas, Guillaume Jondeau, Paul Declerck, Marie-Christine Bouton, Jean-Baptiste Michel
Plasminogen is a circulating zymogen which enters the arterial wall by radial, transmural hydraulic conductance, where it is converted to plasmin by tissue plasminogen activator t-PA on an activation platform involving S100A4 on the vascular smooth muscle cell (vSMC) membrane. Plasmin is involved in the progression of human thoracic aneurysm of the ascending aorta (TAA). vSMCs protect the TAA wall from plasmin-induced proteolytic injury by expressing high levels of antiproteases. Protease nexin-1 (PN-1) is a tissue antiprotease belonging to the serpin superfamily, expressed in the vascular wall, and is able to form a covalent complex with plasmin...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141874/s100a4-amplifies-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-a-pleural-mesothelial-cell-line
#11
Qian Ning, Feiyan Li, Lei Wang, Hong Li, Yan Yao, Tinghua Hu, Zhongmin Sun
Pleural fibrosis can dramatically lower the quality of life. Numerous studies have reported that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulated by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is involved in fibrosis. However, the molecular mechanism is inadequately understood. Fibroblast-specific protein-1 (S100A4) is a target of TGF-β signaling. In our previous study, we have reported that S100A4 is highly expressed in pleural fibrosis. Thus, we suggest that S100A4 took part in the TGF-β-induced EMT in pleural fibrosis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101233/cell-surface-phosphatidylserine-regulates-osteoclast-precursor-fusion
#12
Santosh K Verma, Evgenia Leikina, Kamran Melikov, Claudia Gebert, Vardit Kram, Marian F Young, Berna Uygur, Leonid V Chernomordik
Bone-resorbing multinucleated osteoclasts that play central role in the maintenance and repair of our bones are formed from bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells by a complex differentiation process that culminates in fusion of mononuclear osteoclast precursors. In this study, we uncoupled the cell fusion step from both pre-fusion stages of osteoclastogenic differentiation and the post-fusion expansion of the nascent fusion connections. We accumulated ready-to-fuse cells in the presence of a fusion inhibitor lysophosphatidylcholine and then removed the inhibitor to study synchronized cell fusion...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083508/innate-immunity-protein-tag7-pgrp-s-activates-lymphocytes-capable-of-fasl-fas-dependent-contact-killing-of-virus-infected-cells
#13
Tatiana N Sharapova, Olga K Ivanova, Vladimir S Prasolov, Elena A Romanova, Lidia P Sashchenko, Denis V Yashin
The innate immunity protein Tag7 (PGRP-S, PGLYRP1) is involved in antimicrobial and antitumor defense. As shown in our previous studies, Tag7 specifically interacts with the major heat shock protein Hsp70 to form a stable Tag7-Hsp70 complex with cytotoxic activity against tumor cells. A stable complex of Tag7 with the calcium-binding protein Mts1 (S100A4) stimulates migration of lymphocytes. Moreover, Tag7 can activate cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize and kill HLA-negative tumor cells. Here, we have shown that Tag 7 treatment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) results in activation of different cytotoxic lymphocyte populations-natural killer (NK) cells and CD8(+) NKG2D(+) T lymphocytes-that kill Moloney murine leukemia virus (MMLV) infected SC-1 cells using different mechanisms of cell death induction...
October 30, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069865/s100a4-in-cancer-progression-and-metastasis-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Fei Fei, Jie Qu, Mingqing Zhang, Yuwei Li, Shiwu Zhang
Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer-related death and directly associates with cancer progression, resistance to anticancer therapy, and poor patient survival. Current efforts focusing on the underlying molecular mechanisms of cancer metastasis attract a special attention to cancer researchers. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a complex of molecular program during embryogenesis, inflammation, tissue fibrosis, and cancer progression and metastasis. S100A4, an important member of S100 family proteins, functions to increase the tumor progression and metastasis...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065913/urine-s100-proteins-as-potential-biomarkers-of-lupus-nephritis-activity
#15
Jessica L Turnier, Ndate Fall, Sherry Thornton, David Witte, Michael R Bennett, Simone Appenzeller, Marisa S Klein-Gitelman, Alexei A Grom, Hermine I Brunner
BACKGROUND: Improved, noninvasive biomarkers are needed to accurately detect lupus nephritis (LN) activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate five S100 proteins (S100A4, S100A6, S100A8/9, and S100A12) in both serum and urine as potential biomarkers of global and renal system-specific disease activity in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE). METHODS: In this multicenter study, S100 proteins were measured in the serum and urine of four cSLE cohorts and healthy control subjects using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
October 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039048/sclerosing-and-obstructive-cholangiopathy-in-biliary-atresia-mechanisms-and-association-with-biliary-innate-immunity
#16
REVIEW
Kenichi Harada
Biliary atresia (BA) is histologically characterized by a progressive, sclerosing cholangitis and the obstruction of extrahepatic bile ducts. In terms of the etiology and pathogenesis of BA, several viral infections consisting of dsRNA, including Reoviridae, have been implicated. Human biliary epithelial cells (BECs) possess an innate immune system consisting of Toll-like receptors (TLRs). BECs have negative regulatory mechanisms of TLR tolerance to avoid an excessive inflammatory response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a TLR4 ligand; however, they lack the tolerance to poly(I:C) (a synthetic analog of viral dsRNA), a TLR3 ligand...
December 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037205/vildagliptin-ameliorates-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#17
Toshio Suzuki, Yuji Tada, Santhi Gladson, Rintaro Nishimura, Iwao Shimomura, Satoshi Karasawa, Koichiro Tatsumi, James West
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis is a late manifestation of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Sepsis is a major cause of ARDS, and its pathogenesis includes endotoxin-induced vascular injury. Recently, endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) was shown to play an important role in pulmonary fibrosis. On the other hand, dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 was reported to improve vascular dysfunction in an experimental sepsis model, although whether DPP-4 affects EndMT and fibrosis initiation during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury is unclear...
October 16, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951732/deficiency-in-calcium-binding-protein-s100a4-impairs-the-adjuvant-action-of-cholera-toxin
#18
Jia-Bin Sun, Jan Holmgren, Maximilian Larena, Manuela Terrinoni, Yu Fang, Anne R Bresnick, Zou Xiang
The calcium-binding protein S100A4 has been described to promote pathological inflammation in experimental autoimmune and inflammatory disorders and in allergy and to contribute to antigen presentation and antibody response after parenteral immunization with an alum-adjuvanted antigen. In this study, we extend these findings by demonstrating that mice lacking S100A4 have a defective humoral and cellular immune response to mucosal (sublingual) immunization with a model protein antigen [ovalbumin (OVA)] given together with the strong mucosal adjuvant cholera toxin (CT), and that this impairment is due to defective adjuvant-stimulated antigen presentation by antigen-presenting cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935867/s100a4-contributes-to-colitis-development-by-increasing-the-adherence-of-citrobacter-rodentium-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#19
Jinhua Zhang, Ying Jiao, Shasha Hou, Tian Tian, Qi Yuan, Huaijie Hao, Zhenlong Wu, Xuexiang Bao
S100A4 has been implicated in cancer and several inflammatory diseases, but its role in inflammatory bowel disease has not been well investigated. Here, upon infection with Citrobacter rodentium, a model for enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection in humans, induced the infiltration of a large number of S100A4(+) cells into the colon in wild type (WT) mice. Deficiency of S100A4 reduced weight loss, bacterial colonization and colonic pathology. Furthermore, the expression of inflammatory cytokines and the recruitment of macrophages and neutrophils also decreased significantly in S100A4 knock out (S100A4 (-/-)) mice...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921916/inversed-expression-patterns-of-s100a4-and-e-cadherin-in-cervical-cancers-implication-in-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#20
Ming Liu, Jia Liu, Bin Yang, Xue Gao, Ling-Lu Gao, Qing-You Kong, Peng Zhang, Hong Li
Cervical cancer/CC is the third commonest female malignancy worldwide. The aggressive growth and distal metastases are the leading causes of CC mortality, which is largely due to epithelial-mesenchymal transition/EMT. Fibroblast specific protein S100A4 promotes cancer metastasis and epithelial type cadherin/E-cadherin play pivotal roles in cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interaction. Therefore, the expression patterns of S100A4 and E-cadherin reflect statuses of EMT of carcinoma cells. However, S100A4 expression and its relevance with E-cadherin and HPV16 infection in cervical cancers remain unknown...
September 16, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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