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Fungal heat shock protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783748/heat-shock-protein-90-localizes-to-the-surface-and-augments-virulence-factors-of-cryptococcus-neoformans
#1
Sharanya Chatterjee, Utpal Tatu
BACKGROUND: Thermotolerance is an essential attribute for pathogenesis of Cryptococcus as exemplified by the fact that only two species in the genus, which can grow at 37°C, are human pathogens. Species which have other virulence factors including capsule formation and melanisation, but lack the ability to propagate at 37°C are not pathogenic. In another related fungal pathogen, Candida albicans, heat shock protein 90 has been implicated to be a central player in commanding pathogenicity by governing yeast to hyphal transition and drug resistance...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766034/the-hog1-like-mapk-mpk3-collaborates-with-hog1-in-response-to-heat-shock-and-functions-in-sustaining-the-biological-control-potential-of-a-fungal-insect-pathogen
#2
Jing Liu, Huan-Huan Sun, Sheng-Hua Ying, Ming-Guang Feng
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Mpk3/MpkC resembles the MAPK Hog1 but does not necessarily function in some filamentous fungi. Here, we compared functions of Mpk3 and Hog1 in Beauveria bassiana, a filamentous fungal insect pathogen, by multi-phenotypic analyses of their single/double deletion mutants. Growth defects of Δmpk3 were moderate on all 14 minimal media with different carbon or nitrogen sources and less severe than those of Δhog1 on most media tested. The double deletion mutant suffered significantly more severe growth defects than those observed in Δmpk3 and Δhog1, suggesting overlapping and collaborative roles of Mpk3 and Hog1 in uptake of six carbon and four nitrogen sources during normal growth...
August 2, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721857/stress-adaptation
#3
Alistair J P Brown, Leah E Cowen, Antonio di Pietro, Janet Quinn
Fungal species display an extraordinarily diverse range of lifestyles. Nevertheless, the survival of each species depends on its ability to sense and respond to changes in its natural environment. Environmental changes such as fluctuations in temperature, water balance or pH, or exposure to chemical insults such as reactive oxygen and nitrogen species exert stresses that perturb cellular homeostasis and cause molecular damage to the fungal cell. Consequently, fungi have evolved mechanisms to repair this damage, detoxify chemical insults, and restore cellular homeostasis...
July 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702937/genetic-engineering-strategies-for-biotic-and-abiotic-stress-tolerance-and-quality-enhancement-in-horticultural-crops-a-comprehensive-review
#4
REVIEW
Nehanjali Parmar, Kunwar Harendra Singh, Deepika Sharma, Lal Singh, Pankaj Kumar, J Nanjundan, Yasin Jeshima Khan, Devendra Kumar Chauhan, Ajay Kumar Thakur
Genetic engineering technique offers myriads of applications in improvement of horticultural crops for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, and produce quality enhancement. During last two decades, a large number of transgenic horticultural crops has been developed and more are underway. A number of genes including natural and synthetic Cry genes, protease inhibitors, trypsin inhibitors and cystatin genes have been used to incorporate insect and nematode resistance. For providing protection against fungal and bacterial diseases, various genes like chitinase, glucanase, osmotin, defensin and pathogenesis-related genes are being transferred to many horticultural crops world over...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686685/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-gib2-validating-its-adaptor-function-in-cryptococcus-neoformans
#5
Gillian O Bruni, Blake Battle, Ben Kelly, Zhengguang Zhang, Ping Wang
Cryptococcus neoformans causes often-fatal fungal meningoencephalitis in immunocompromised individuals. While the exact disease mechanisms remain elusive, signal transduction pathways mediated by key elements such as G-protein α subunit Gpa1, small GTPase Ras1, and atypical Gβ-like/RACK1 protein Gib2 are known to play important roles in C. neoformans virulence. Gib2 is important for normal growth, differentiation, and pathogenicity, and it also positively regulates cAMP levels in conjunction with Gpa1. Interestingly, Gib2 displays a scaffold protein property by interacting with a wide variety of cellular proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651026/binding-of-human-plasminogen-and-high-molecular-mass-kininogen-by-cell-surface-exposed-proteins-of-candida-parapsilosis
#6
Justyna Karkowska-Kuleta, Dorota Zajac, Grazyna Bras, Oliwia Bochenska, Maria Rapala-Kozik, Andrzej Kozik
Pathogenic microbes can recruit to their cell surface human proteins that are components of important proteolytic cascades involved in coagulation, fibrinolysis and innate immune response. Once located at the bacterial or fungal surface, such deployed proteins might be utilized by pathogens to facilitate invasion and dissemination within the host organism by interfering with functionality of these systems or by exploiting specific activity of the bound enzymes. Aim of the study presented here was to characterize this phenomenon in Candida parapsilosis (Ashford) Langeron et Talice - an important causative agent of systemic fungal infections (candidiases and candidemias) in humans...
June 24, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552321/vital-role-for-cyclophilin-b-cypb-in-asexual-development-dimorphic-transition-and-virulence-of-beauveria-bassiana
#7
Zhen-Jian Chu, Huan-Huan Sun, Sheng-Hua Ying, Ming-Guang Feng
Cyclophilin B (CypB) was previously revealed as one of many putative secretory proteins in the transcriptome of Beauveria bassiana infection to a lepidopteran pest. Here we show a main localization of CypB in hyphal cell walls and septa and its essential role in the in vitro and in vivo asexual cycles of the fungal insect pathogen. Deletion of cypB reduced colony growth by 16-42% on two rich media and 30 scant media with different carbon or nitrogen sources. The deletion mutant suffered a delayed conidiation on a standard medium and a final 47% reduction in conidial yield, accompanied with drastic transcript depression of several key genes required for conidiation and conidial maturation...
August 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484941/proteomics-as-a-tool-to-identify-new-targets-against-aspergillus-and-scedosporium-in-the-context-of-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Andoni Ramirez-Garcia, Aize Pellon, Idoia Buldain, Aitziber Antoran, Aitana Arbizu-Delgado, Xabier Guruceaga, Aitor Rementeria, Fernando L Hernando
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that increases the risk of suffering microbial, including fungal, infections. In this paper, proteomics-based information was collated relating to secreted and cell wall proteins with potential medical applications from the most common filamentous fungi in CF, i.e., Aspergillus and Scedosporium/Lomentospora species. Among the Aspergillus fumigatus secreted allergens, β-1,3-endoglucanase, the alkaline protease 1 (Alp1/oryzin), Asp f 2, Asp f 13/15, chitinase, chitosanase, dipeptidyl-peptidase V (DppV), the metalloprotease Asp f 5, mitogillin/Asp f 1, and thioredoxin reductase receive a special mention...
May 8, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465686/the-effect-of-fermented-lingonberry-juice-on-candida-glabrata-intracellular-protein-expression
#9
Pirjo Pärnänen, Ali Nawaz, Timo Sorsa, Jukka Meurman, Pirjo Nikula-Ijäs
Lingonberries have a long traditional use in treating fungal infections on mucosal membranes, but very little is known about the exact antifungal mechanisms. We tested the effects of fermented lingonberry juice on Candida glabrata intracellular protein expression. A Candida glabrata clinical strain was grown in the presence of fermented lingonberry juice (FLJ). Also the effect of lowered pH was tested. Intracellular protein expression levels were analyzed by the 2D-DIGE method. Six proteins detected with ≥1...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401337/rrm-domain-of-arabidopsis-splicing-factor-sf1-is-important-for-pre-mrna-splicing-of-a-specific-set-of-genes
#10
Keh Chien Lee, Yun Hee Jang, Soon-Kap Kim, Hyo-Young Park, May Phyo Thu, Jeong Hwan Lee, Jeong-Kook Kim
The RNA recognition motif of Arabidopsis splicing factor SF1 affects the alternative splicing of FLOWERING LOCUS M pre-mRNA and a heat shock transcription factor HsfA2 pre-mRNA. Splicing factor 1 (SF1) plays a crucial role in 3' splice site recognition by binding directly to the intron branch point. Although plant SF1 proteins possess an RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain that is absent in its fungal and metazoan counterparts, the role of the RRM domain in SF1 function has not been characterized. Here, we show that the RRM domain differentially affects the full function of the Arabidopsis thaliana AtSF1 protein under different experimental conditions...
July 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373280/heat-shock-protein-104-hsp104-mediated-curing-of-psi-yeast-prions-depends-on-both-psi-conformation-and-the-properties-of-the-hsp104-homologs
#11
Xiaohong Zhao, Ramon Rodriguez, Rebecca E Silberman, Joseph M Ahearn, Sheela Saidha, Kaelyn C Cummins, Evan Eisenberg, Lois E Greene
Prions arise from proteins that have two possible conformations: properly folded and non-infectious or misfolded and infectious. The [PSI(+)] yeast prion, which is the misfolded and self-propagating form of the translation termination factor eRF3 (Sup35), can be cured of its infectious conformation by overexpression of Hsp104, which helps dissolve the prion seeds. This dissolution depends on the trimming activity of Hsp104, which reduces the size of the prion seeds without increasing their number. To further understand the relationship between trimming and curing, trimming was followed by measuring the loss of GFP-labeled Sup35 foci from both strong and weak [PSI(+)] variants; the former variant has more seeds and less soluble Sup35 than the latter...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219758/resolving-relationships-at-the-animal-fungal-divergence-a-molecular-phylogenetic-study-of-the-protist-trichomycetes-ichthyosporea-eccrinida
#12
Nicole K Reynolds, Matthew E Smith, Eric D Tretter, Justin Gause, Dustin Heeney, Matías J Cafaro, James F Smith, Stephen J Novak, William A Bourland, Merlin M White
Trichomycetes is a group of microorganisms that was considered a class of fungi comprising four orders of commensal, gut-dwelling endosymbionts obligately associated with arthropods. Since molecular phylogenies revealed two of those orders (Amoebidiales and Eccrinales="protist trichos") to be closely related to members of the protist class Ichthyosporea (=Mesomycetozoea), trichomycetes have been considered an ecological association of both early-diverging fungi and protists. Understanding of the taxonomy, evolution, and diversity of the protist trichos is lacking largely due to the difficulties inherent in species collection that have contributed to undersampling and understudy...
April 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139929/chlorinated-dehydrocurvularins-and-alterperylenepoxide-a-from-alternaria-sp-ast0039-a-fungal-endophyte-of-astragalus-lentiginosus
#13
Bharat P Bashyal, E M Kithsiri Wijeratne, Joseph Tillotson, A Elizabeth Arnold, Eli Chapman, A A Leslie Gunatilaka
Investigation of Alternaria sp. AST0039, an endophytic fungus obtained from the leaf tissue of Astragalus lentiginosus, led to the isolation of (-)-(10E,15S)-4,6-dichloro-10(11)-dehydrocurvularin (1), (-)-(10E,15S)-6-chloro-10(11)-dehydrocurvularin (2), (-)-(10E,15S)-10(11)-dehydrocurvularin (3), and alterperylenepoxide A (4) together with scytalone and α-acetylorcinol. Structures of 1 and 4 were established from their spectroscopic data, and the relative configuration of 4 was determined with the help of nuclear Overhauser effect difference data...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056792/elucidation-of-the-molecular-responses-of-a-cucumber-segment-substitution-line-carrying-pm5-1-and-its-recurrent-parent-triggered-by-powdery-mildew-by-comparative-transcriptome-profiling
#14
Qiang Xu, Xuewen Xu, Yang Shi, Xiaohua Qi, Xuehao Chen
BACKGROUND: Powdery mildew (PM) is one of the most severe fungal diseases of cucurbits, but the molecular mechanisms underlying PM resistance in cucumber remain elusive. In this study, we developed a PM resistant segment substitution line SSL508-28 that carried a segment on chromosome five representing the Pm5.1 locus from PM resistant donor Jin5-508 using marker-assisted backcrossing of an elite PM susceptible cucumber inbred line D8. RESULTS: Whole-genome resequencing of SSL508-28, Jin5-508 and D8 was performed to identify the exact boundaries of the breakpoints for this introgression because of the low density of available single sequence repeat markers...
January 5, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876624/differences-in-structure-and-changes-in-gene-regulation-of-murrel-molecular-chaperone-hsp-family-during-epizootic-ulcerative-syndrome-eus-infection
#15
Akila Sathyamoorthy, Mukesh Kumar Chaurasia, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Ramasamy Harikrishnan, Jesu Arockiaraj
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are immunogenic, ubiquitous class of molecular chaperones, which are induced in response to various environmental and microbial stressful conditions. It plays a vital role in maintaining cellular protein homeostasis in eukaryotic cells. In this study, we described a comprehensive comparative data by bioinformatics approach on three different full length cDNA sequences of HSP family at molecular level. The cDNA sequences of three HSPs were identified from constructed cDNA library of Channa striatus and named as CsCPN60, CsHSP60 and CsHSP70...
January 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867390/the-mechanisms-of-maize-resistance-to-fusarium-verticillioides-by-comprehensive-analysis-of-rna-seq-data
#16
Yanping Wang, Zijian Zhou, Jingyang Gao, Yabin Wu, Zongliang Xia, Huiyong Zhang, Jianyu Wu
Fusarium verticillioides is the most commonly reported fungal species responsible for ear rot of maize which substantially reduces grain yield. It also results in a substantial accumulation of mycotoxins that give rise to toxic response when ingested by animals and humans. For inefficient control by chemical and agronomic measures, it thus becomes more desirable to select more resistant varieties. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the infection process remain poorly understood, which hampers the application of quantitative resistance in breeding programs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789295/effect-of-stress-on-heat-shock-protein-levels-immune-response-and-survival-to-fungal-infection-of-mamestra-brassicae-larvae
#17
E H Richards, M P Dani, Y Lu, T Butt, R J Weaver
Although the utilisation of fungal biological control agents to kill insect pests is desirable, it is known that the outcome of infection may be influenced by a number of criteria, including whether or not the target insect is stressed. In the current work, topical treatment of larvae of the lepidopteran pest, Mamestra brassicae, with conidia of Beauveria bassiana, followed by a heat stress (HS; 37°C for 1h) 48h later, resulted in a similar level of larval survival to that occurring for no heat stress (No-HS), fungus-treated larvae...
January 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743033/heat-shock-protein-83-plays-pleiotropic-roles-in-embryogenesis-longevity-and-fecundity-of-the-pea-aphid-acyrthosiphon-pisum
#18
Torsten Will, Henrike Schmidtberg, Marisa Skaljac, Andreas Vilcinskas
Heat shock protein 83 (HSP83) is homologous to the chaperone HSP90. It has pleiotropic functions in Drosophila melanogaster, including the control of longevity and fecundity, and facilitates morphological evolution by buffering cryptic deleterious mutations in wild populations. In the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, HSP83 expression is moderately induced by bacterial infection but upregulated more strongly in response to heat stress and fungal infection. Stress-inducible heat shock proteins are of considerable evolutionary and ecological importance because they are known to buffer environmental variation and to influence fitness under non-optimal conditions...
January 2017: Development Genes and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627033/identification-transcriptional-and-functional-analysis-of-heat-shock-protein-90s-in-banana-musa-acuminata-l-highlight-their-novel-role-in-melatonin-mediated-plant-response-to-fusarium-wilt
#19
Yunxie Wei, Wei Hu, Qiannan Wang, Hongqiu Zeng, Xiaolin Li, Yu Yan, Russel J Reiter, Chaozu He, Haitao Shi
As one popular fresh fruit, banana (Musa acuminata) is cultivated in the world's subtropical and tropical areas. In recent years, pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) has been widely and rapidly spread to banana cultivated areas, causing substantial yield loss. However, the molecular mechanism of banana response to Foc remains unclear, and functional identification of disease-related genes is also very limited. In this study, nine 90 kDa heat-shock proteins (HSP90s) were genomewide identified. Moreover, the expression profile of them in different organs, developmental stages, and in response to abiotic and fungal pathogen Foc were systematically analyzed...
January 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598463/detrimental-effect-of-fungal-60-kda-heat-shock-protein-on-experimental-paracoccidioides-brasiliensis-infection
#20
Fabrício Freitas Fernandes, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Taise Natali Landgraf, Gabriela Peron, Marcelo Vieira Costa, Arlete A M Coelho-Castelo, Vânia L D Bonato, Maria-Cristina Roque-Barreira, Ademilson Panunto-Castelo
The genus Paracoccidioides comprises species of dimorphic fungi that cause paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a systemic disease prevalent in Latin America. Here, we investigated whether administration of native 60-kDa heat shock protein of P. brasiliensis (nPbHsp60) or its recombinant counterpart (rPbHsp60) affected the course of experimental PCM. Mice were subcutaneously injected with nPbHsp60 or rPbHsp60 emulsified in complete's Freund Adjuvant (CFA) at three weeks after intravenous injection of P. brasiliensis yeasts...
2016: PloS One
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