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Fungal heat shock protein

Torsten Will, Henrike Schmidtberg, Marisa Skaljac, Andreas Vilcinskas
Heat shock protein 83 (HSP83) is homologous to the chaperone HSP90. It has pleiotropic functions in Drosophila melanogaster, including the control of longevity and fecundity, and facilitates morphological evolution by buffering cryptic deleterious mutations in wild populations. In the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, HSP83 expression is moderately induced by bacterial infection but upregulated more strongly in response to heat stress and fungal infection. Stress-inducible heat shock proteins are of considerable evolutionary and ecological importance because they are known to buffer environmental variation and to influence fitness under non-optimal conditions...
October 14, 2016: Development Genes and Evolution
Yunxie Wei, Wei Hu, Qiannan Wang, Hongqiu Zeng, Xiaolin Li, Yu Yan, Russel J Reiter, Chaozu He, Haitao Shi
As one popular fresh fruit, banana (Musa acuminata) is cultivated in the world's subtropical and tropical areas. In recent years, pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) has been widely and rapidly spread to banana cultivated areas, causing substantial yield loss. However, the molecular mechanism of banana response to Foc remains unclear, and functional identification of disease-related genes is also very limited. In this study, nine 90 kDa heat-shock proteins (HSP90s) were genomewide identified. Moreover, the expression profile of them in different organs, developmental stages, and in response to abiotic and fungal pathogen Foc were systematically analyzed...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Fabrício Freitas Fernandes, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Taise Natali Landgraf, Gabriela Peron, Marcelo Vieira Costa, Arlete A M Coelho-Castelo, Vânia L D Bonato, Maria-Cristina Roque-Barreira, Ademilson Panunto-Castelo
The genus Paracoccidioides comprises species of dimorphic fungi that cause paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a systemic disease prevalent in Latin America. Here, we investigated whether administration of native 60-kDa heat shock protein of P. brasiliensis (nPbHsp60) or its recombinant counterpart (rPbHsp60) affected the course of experimental PCM. Mice were subcutaneously injected with nPbHsp60 or rPbHsp60 emulsified in complete's Freund Adjuvant (CFA) at three weeks after intravenous injection of P. brasiliensis yeasts...
2016: PloS One
Nilce M Martinez-Rossi, Nalu T A Peres, Antonio Rossi
The genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton include filamentous fungi that cause dermatophytosis, a superficial infection of the skin, stratum corneum, nail beds, and hair follicles. The ability of dermatophytes to adhere to these substrates and adapt to the host environment is essential for the establishment of infection. Several fungal enzymes and proteins participate in this adaptive response to the environment and to keratin degradation. Transcription factors such as PacC and Hfs1, as well as heat shock proteins, are involved in sensing and adapting to the acidic pH of the skin in the early stages of fungal-host interaction...
September 2, 2016: Mycopathologia
Elham Malekzadeh, Nasser Aliasgharzad, Jafar Majidi, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Jalal Abdolalizadeh
Glomalin is a specific fungal glycoprotein produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi belonging to the Glomerales which could efficiently sequestrate heavy metals. The glomalin has been introduced as a heat shock protein and there are evidences that increasing levels of heavy metals could enhance its production. We examined the influence of Cd concentrations on glomalin production by AM fungus, as well as its contribution to the sequestration of Cd in both pot and in vitro culture conditions. Pot experiment was carried out using pure sand with Trifolium repens L...
July 29, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Duc-Cuong Bui, Yoonji Lee, Jae Yun Lim, Minmin Fu, Jin-Cheol Kim, Gyung Ja Choi, Hokyoung Son, Yin-Won Lee
Eukaryotic cells repress global translation and selectively upregulate stress response proteins by altering multiple steps in gene expression. In this study, genome-wide transcriptome analysis of cellular adaptation to thermal stress was performed on the plant pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum. The results revealed that profound alterations in gene expression were required for heat shock responses in F. graminearum. Among these proteins, heat shock protein 90 (FgHsp90) was revealed to play a central role in heat shock stress responses in this fungus...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ludmila Matos Baltazar, Ernesto S Nakayasu, Tiago J P Sobreira, Hyungwon Choi, Arturo Casadevall, Leonardo Nimrichter, Joshua D Nosanchuk
Histoplasma capsulatum produces extracellular vesicles containing virulence-associated molecules capable of modulating host machinery, benefiting the pathogen. Treatment of H. capsulatum cells with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) can change the outcome of infection in mice. We evaluated the sizes, enzymatic contents, and proteomic profiles of the vesicles released by fungal cells treated with either protective MAb 6B7 (IgG1) or nonprotective MAb 7B6 (IgG2b), both of which bind H. capsulatum heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60)...
March 2016: MSphere
S D Ji, Z Y Wang, H J Fan, R S Zhang, Z Y Yu, J J Wang, Z H Liu
The tolerance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses could be improved by transforming with fungal resistance-related genes. In this study, the cDNA sequence (GenBank Acc. No. KP337939) of the resistance-related gene Hsp24 encoding the 24 kD heat shock protein was obtained from the biocontrol fungus Trichoderma asperellum ACCC30536. The promoter region of Hsp24 contained many cis-regulators related to stresses response, such as "GCN4" and "GCR1" etc. Hsp24 transcription in T. asperellum was up-regulated under six different environmental stresses, compared with the control...
September 2016: Journal of Plant Research
Golnaz Sharafi, Ali Reza Khosravi, Ghasem Vahedi, Ramak Yahyaraeyat, Teimur Abbasi
The internal environment within animals or humans provides different conditions to invading saprophytic fungal pathogens, requiring the differential regulation of genes in comparison to environmental conditions. Understanding the mechanisms by which pathogens regulate genes within the host may be key in determining pathogen behavior within the host and may additionally facilitate further investigation into novel therapeutic agents. The heat shock protein (HSP)70 gene and its associated proteins have been frequently reported to be among the most highly expressed and dominant proteins present within various locations at physiological temperatures...
May 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jie Wang, Sheng-Hua Ying, Yue Hu, Ming-Guang Feng
Mas5, a yeast heat shock protein classified to the Hsp40 group, is homologous to bacterial archetype DnaJ but functionally unexplored in filamentous fungi. Here we identify a Mas5 homologue (46.86 kDa) in Beauveria bassiana and show its indispensability for host infection and environmental adaptation of the fungal insect pathogen. The deletion of mas5 caused severe defects in aerial conidiation, conidial germination and submerged blastospore production (mimic to host haemocoel). The deletion mutant lost 100% virulence to Galleria mellonella larvae through normal cuticular penetration (topical inoculation) and 50% through cuticle-bypassing infection (intrahaemocoel injection)...
March 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Antonio José de Jesus Evangelista, Rosana Serpa, Francisca Jakelyne de Farias Marques, Charlline Vládia Silva de Melo, Jonathas Sales de Oliveira, Jônatas da Silva Franco, Lucas Pereira de Alencar, Tereza de Jesus Pinheiro Gomes Bandeira, Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, José Júlio Costa Sidrim, Marcos Fébio Gadelha Rocha
Heat-shock proteins (Hsps) are chaperones required for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis in different fungal pathogens, playing an important role in the infectious process. This study investigated the effect of pharmacological inhibition of Hsp90 by radicicol on the Cryptococcus neoformans/Cryptococcus gattii species complex--agents of the most common life-threatening fungal infection amongst immunocompromised patients. The influence of Hsp90 inhibition was investigated regarding in vitro susceptibility to antifungal agents of planktonic and sessile cells, ergosterol concentration, cell membrane integrity, growth at 37 °C, production of virulence factors in vitro, and experimental infection in Caenorhabditis elegans...
February 2016: Microbiology
Tiago R Jacob, Nalu T A Peres, Maíra P Martins, Elza A S Lang, Pablo R Sanches, Antonio Rossi, Nilce M Martinez-Rossi
Treatment of fungal infections is difficult due to several reasons, such as side effects of drugs, emergence of resistant strains, and limited number of molecular targets for the drug compounds. In fungi, heat shock proteins (Hsps) have been implicated in several processes with the conserved molecular chaperone Hsp90 emerging as a potential target for antifungal therapy. It plays key cellular roles by eliciting molecular response to environmental changes, morphogenesis, antifungal resistance, and fungal pathogenicity...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
Chia-Wei Hu, Chia-Lang Hsu, Yu-Chao Wang, Yasushi Ishihama, Wei-Chi Ku, Hsuan-Cheng Huang, Hsueh-Fen Juan
Citreoviridin, one of toxic mycotoxins derived from fungal species, can suppress lung cancer cell growth by inhibiting the activity of ectopic ATP synthase, but has limited effect on normal cells. However, the mechanism of citreoviridin triggering dynamic molecular responses in cancer cells remains unclear. Here, we performed temporal phosphoproteomics to elucidate the dynamic changes after citreoviridin treatment in cells and xenograft model. We identified a total of 829 phosphoproteins and demonstrated that citreoviridin treatment affects protein folding, cell cycle, and cytoskeleton function...
December 2015: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Rhys A Farrer, Christopher A Desjardins, Sharadha Sakthikumar, Sharvari Gujja, Sakina Saif, Qiandong Zeng, Yuan Chen, Kerstin Voelz, Joseph Heitman, Robin C May, Matthew C Fisher, Christina A Cuomo
UNLABELLED: Cryptococcus gattii is a fungal pathogen of humans, causing pulmonary infections in otherwise healthy hosts. To characterize genomic variation among the four major lineages of C. gattii (VGI, -II, -III, and -IV), we generated, annotated, and compared 16 de novo genome assemblies, including the first for the rarely isolated lineages VGIII and VGIV. By identifying syntenic regions across assemblies, we found 15 structural rearrangements, which were almost exclusive to the VGI-III-IV lineages...
2015: MBio
Paulo S R Coelho, Hogune Im, Karl V Clemons, Michael P Snyder, David A Stevens
We profiled the global immunoglobulin response against fungal infection by using yeast protein microarrays. Groups of CD-1 mice were infected systemically with human fungal pathogens (Coccidioides posadasii, Candida albicans, or Paracoccidioides brasiliensis) or inoculated with PBS as a control. Another group was inoculated with heat-killed yeast (HKY) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. After 30 days, serum from mice in the groups were collected and used to probe S. cerevisiae protein microarrays containing 4800 full-length glutathione S-transferase (GST)-fusion proteins...
September 4, 2015: Journal of Proteome Research
Meenakshi Balhara, Sonam Ruhil, Sandeep Dhankhar, Anil K Chhillar
A de novo protein named as EAF (Escherichia antifungal protein) from the cytoplasmic pool of an Escherichia coli strain (MTCC 1652), has been purified to homogeneity using anion exchange (Q-XL Sepharose) and cation exchange (SP-Sepharose) chromatography. The MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values of purified protein against A. fumigatus (the major pathogenic species) were found to be comparable with standard drugs i.e. 3.90 µg/ml, 3.90 µg/ml and 1.25 µg/disc via microbroth dilution assay (MDA), percentage spore germination inhibition (PSGI) and disc diffusion assay (DDA) respectively...
2015: Protein and Peptide Letters
Eduardo Larriba, María D L A Jaime, Corey Nislow, José Martín-Nieto, Luis Vicente Lopez-Llorca
Plant crop yields are negatively conditioned by a large set of biotic and abiotic factors. An alternative to mitigate these adverse effects is the use of fungal biological control agents and endophytes. The egg-parasitic fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia has been traditionally studied because of its potential as a biological control agent of plant-parasitic nematodes. This fungus can also act as an endophyte in monocot and dicot plants, and has been shown to promote plant growth in different agronomic crops. An Affymetrix 22K Barley GeneChip was used in this work to analyze the barley root transcriptomic response to P...
July 2015: Journal of Plant Research
Alison J Eastman, Xiumiao He, Yafeng Qiu, Michael J Davis, Priya Vedula, Daniel M Lyons, Yoon-Dong Park, Sarah E Hardison, Antoni N Malachowski, John J Osterholzer, Floyd L Wormley, Peter R Williamson, Michal A Olszewski
Numerous virulence factors expressed by Cryptococcus neoformans modulate host defenses by promoting nonprotective Th2-biased adaptive immune responses. Prior studies demonstrate that the heat shock protein 70 homolog, Ssa1, significantly contributes to serotype D C. neoformans virulence through the induction of laccase, a Th2-skewing and CNS tropic factor. In the present study, we sought to determine whether Ssa1 modulates host defenses in mice infected with a highly virulent serotype A strain of C. neoformans (H99)...
June 15, 2015: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Barbara Modrzewska, Piotr Kurnatowski
The ability of Candida sp. cells to adhere to the mucosal surfaces of various host organs as well as synthetic materials is an important pathogenicity feature of those fungi which contributes to the development of infection. This property varies depending on the species of the fungus and is the greatest for C. albicans. The process of adhesion depends on plenty of factors related to the fungal and host cells as well as environmental conditions. The main adhesins present on the fungal cell wall are: Als, Epa, Hwp1, but also Eap1, Sun41, Csh1 and probably Hyr1; for adhesion significant are also secreted aspartyl proteases Sap...
2015: Annals of Parasitology
Michael Blatzer, Gerhard Blum, Emina Jukic, Wilfried Posch, Peter Gruber, Markus Nagl, Ulrike Binder, Elisabeth Maurer, Bettina Sarg, Herbert Lindner, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Doris Wilflingseder
The polyene antifungal amphotericin B (AmB) is widely used to treat life-threatening fungal infections. Even though AmB resistance is exceptionally rare in fungi, most Aspergillus terreus isolates exhibit an intrinsic resistance against the drug in vivo and in vitro. Heat shock proteins perform a fundamental protective role against a multitude of stress responses, thereby maintaining protein homeostasis in the organism. In this study, we elucidated the role of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) family members and compared resistant and susceptible A...
July 2015: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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