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Chronic noncommunicable illnesses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147653/health-status-and-the-demand-for-healthcare-among-the-elderly-in-the-rural-quoc-oai-district-of-hanoi-in-vietnam
#1
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sunghee H Tak, Juhwan Oh, Jinseon Yi, Soo-Young Yu, Truong Quang Trung
Background: Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective: This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design: This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682818/respiratory-problems-in-low-resource-settings
#2
Mhoira E F Leng, Sunitha Daniel, Daniel Munday
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic breathlessness is common in patients with advanced illness who require palliative care. Achieving good symptom control can be challenging. More people with advanced illness live in low and middle income than in high-income countries, but they are much less likely to receive palliative care. Most of the emerging evidence for the palliative management of chronic breathlessness is from high-income countries. This review explores the context of chronic breathlessness in low-income settings, how evidence for control of chronic breathlessness might relate to these settings and where further work should be focused...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642040/global-geriatric-oncology-achievements-and-challenges
#3
REVIEW
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Nienke A de Glas, Tina Hsu, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Christopher Steer, Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Nicolo Matteo Luca Battisti, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Anita O'Donovan, Jose Alberto Avila-Funes, Arti Hurria
The aging of the population is a global challenge. The number of older adults is rapidly growing, leading to an increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases associated with aging, such as cancer. Worldwide, older adults account for approximately half of all cancer cases, and this proportion is projected to increase globally. Furthermore, the majority of older adults live in less developed regions, where health systems are generally ill-equipped to provide care for complex chronic conditions. Worldwide, there is paucity of geriatric training, and most of the oncology workforce lacks the skills and knowledge to provide comprehensive care for older patients...
September 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250793/cytochrome-p450-and-p-glycoprotein-mediated-interactions-involving-african-herbs-indicated-for-common-noncommunicable-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Gregory Ondieki, Makafui Nyagblordzro, Siambi Kikete, Rongjia Liang, Lili Wang, Xin He
Herbal remedies are regularly used to complement conventional therapies in the treatment of various illnesses in Africa. This may be because they are relatively cheap and easily accessible and are believed by many to be safe, cause fewer side effects, and are less likely to cause dependency. On the contrary, many herbs have been shown to alter the pharmacokinetics of coadministered allopathic medicines and can either synergize or antagonize therapeutic effects as well as altering the toxicity profiles of these drugs...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086870/a-pilot-study-of-a-community-health-agent-led-type-2-diabetes-self-management-program-using-motivational-interviewing-based-approaches-in-a-public-primary-care-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#5
Thais Moura Ribeiro do Valle Nascimento, Ken Resnicow, Marcia Nery, Alexandra Brentani, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Pooja Agrawal, Simanjit Mand, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Rates of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as type 2 diabetes are escalating in low and middle-income countries such as Brazil. Scalable primary care-based interventions are needed to improve self-management and clinical outcomes of adults with diabetes. This pilot study examines the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of training community health agents (CHAs) in Motivational Interviewing (MI)-based counseling for patients with poorly controlled diabetes in a primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078100/asthma-costs-and-social-impact
#6
REVIEW
Carlos Nunes, Ana Margarida Pereira, Mário Morais-Almeida
In recent decades, both asthma prevalence and incidence have been increasing worldwide, not only due to the genetic background, but mainly because of the effect of a wide number of environmental and lifestyle risk factors. In many countries noncommunicable diseases, like asthma, are not yet considered a healthcare priority. This review will analyze and discuss disparities in asthma management in several countries and regions, such as access to healthcare human resources and medications, due to limited financial capacity to develop strategies to control and prevent this chronic disease...
2017: Asthma research and practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782228/-treating-hiv-disease-back-to-the-patient
#7
Enrico Girardi, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Laura Camoni, Patrizio Pezzotti, Giovanni Guaraldi, Adriana Ammassari, Andrea Antinori, Stefano Bonora, Cristina Mussini, Antonella Cingolani, Giulio Maria Corbelli, Silvia Adami, Luca Degli Esposti, Margherita Andretta
HIV disease has dramatically changed in the last two decades from a progressive, lethal disease to a chronic manageable condition. These changes are due to the availability of potent antiretroviral combination therapy, which also have the potential to contribute significantly to the control of the epidemic. Among persons living with HIV, incidence of immunosuppression-related opportunistic illnesses has clearly decreased, while an increase was observed in the prevalence of age-related noncommunicable comorbidities, including cardiovascular, metabolic, renal, bone and hepatic disease, due to chronic inflammatory state and to an overall aging of the population of persons with HIV...
October 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546358/the-p4-health-spectrum-a-predictive-preventive-personalized-and-participatory-continuum-for-promoting-healthspan
#8
REVIEW
Michael Sagner, Amy McNeil, Pekka Puska, Charles Auffray, Nathan D Price, Leroy Hood, Carl J Lavie, Ze-Guang Han, Zhu Chen, Samir Kumar Brahmachari, Bruce S McEwen, Marcelo B Soares, Rudi Balling, Elissa Epel, Ross Arena
Chronic diseases (i.e., noncommunicable diseases), mainly cardiovascular disease, cancer, respiratory diseases and type-2-diabetes, are now the leading cause of death, disability and diminished quality of life on the planet. Moreover, these diseases are also a major financial burden worldwide, significantly impacting the economy of many countries. Healthcare systems and medicine have progressively improved upon the ability to address infectious diseases and react to adverse health events through both surgical interventions and pharmacology; we have become efficient in delivering reactive care (i...
March 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509589/the-challenges-of-esrd-care-in-developing-economies-sub-saharan-african-opportunities-for-significant-improvement
#9
Ebun Ladipo Bamgboye
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This, along with other noncommunicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes, and heart diseases, poses a double burden on a region that is still struggling to cope with the scourge of communicable diseases like malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and more recently Ebola. Causes of CKD in the region are predominantly glomerulonephritis and hypertension, although type 2 diabetes is also becoming a significant cause as is the retroviral disease...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037146/the-global-epidemiologic-transition-noncommunicable-diseases-and-emerging-health-risk-of-allergic-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott
Globally, there has been a shift in the causes of illness and death from infectious diseases to noncommunicable diseases. This changing pattern has been attributed to the effects of an (ongoing) epidemiologic transition. Although researchers have applied epidemiologic transition theory to questions of global health, there have been relatively few studies exploring its relevance especially in the context of emerging allergic disorders in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In this article, we address the growing burden of noncommunicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa through the lens of epidemiologic transition theory...
April 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008599/surveillance-and-monitoring-of-major-chronic-diseases-in-brazil-national-health-survey-2013
#11
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Celia Landmann Szwarcwald, Nayara Lopes Gomes, Jarbas Barbosa Silva Júnior, Ademar Arthur Chioro Dos Reis
OBJECTIVE: To describe the major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Brazil, according to the information collected from individuals aged 18 years or older. METHODS: Data from the National Health Survey (PNS), 2013, a transversal population-based study, were used. The proportions of each NCD were calculated and presented according to sex, with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI), with the absolute values. RESULTS: Of the total respondents, 45...
December 2015: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974298/evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-hiv-associated-lung-disease
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie Maximous, Laurence Huang, Alison Morris
There are myriad pulmonary conditions associated with HIV, ranging from acute infections to chronic noncommunicable diseases. The epidemiology of these diseases has changed significantly in the era of widespread antiretroviral therapy. Evaluation of the HIV-infected patient involves assessment of the severity of illness and a thorough yet efficient pursuit of definitive diagnosis, which may involve multiple etiologies simultaneously. Important clues to a diagnosis include medical and social history, demographic details such as travel and geography of residence, substance use, sexual practices, and domiciliary and incarceration status...
April 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378895/association-of-behavioral-risk-factors-for-chronic-diseases-with-physical-and-mental-health-in-european-adults-aged-50-years-or-older-2004-2005
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Manolis Linardakis, Angeliki Papadaki, Emmanouil Smpokos, Katerina Micheli, Maria Vozikaki, Anastas Philalithis
INTRODUCTION: Noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of illness and death worldwide; behavioral risk factors (BRFs) contribute to these diseases. We assessed the presence of multiple BRFs among European adults according to their physical and mental health status. METHODS: We used data from 26,026 adults aged 50 years or older from 11 countries that participated in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-2005). BRFs (overweight or obesity, smoking, physical inactivity, and risky alcohol consumption) were assessed according to physical health (ie, presence of chronic diseases, disease symptoms, or limitations in activities of daily living) and mental health (depression) through multiple regression estimations...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26258923/early-predictors-of-asthma-and-allergy-in-children-the-role-of-epigenetics
#14
REVIEW
Avery DeVries, Donata Vercelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma and allergic diseases are among the most prevalent chronic noncommunicable diseases of childhood. Although epidemiologic studies suggest that asthma begins in the preschool years, the lack of firm diagnostic criteria to distinguish children who will wheeze only transiently during early-life lower respiratory illnesses from children who will wheeze persistently and develop asthma prevents pinpointing the time at which disease truly begins. Epigenetic mechanisms link gene regulation to environmental cues and developmental trajectories...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25030232/-gender-medicine-sex-and-gender-specific-aspects-of-clinical-medicine
#15
A Kautzky-Willer
Gender medicine studies sex- and gender-based differences in the development and prevention of diseases, the awareness and presentation of symptoms, and the effectiveness of therapy. Gender medicine is part of personalized medicine, considering differences in biological and psychosocial factors individually. There are differences in genes, chromosomes, hormones, and metabolism as well as differences in culture, environment, and society. Lifelong interactions between physical and psychosocial factors will influence the health and ill-health of men and women in different ways...
September 2014: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25029450/prevention-and-control-of-hypertension-developing-a-global-agenda
#16
REVIEW
Norm R C Campbell, Mark L Niebylski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review demonstrates the need for enhancing strategic approaches to the prevention and control of hypertension, a global health issue. RECENT FINDINGS: An epidemic of chronic noncommunicable diseases is threatening national healthcare systems' sustainability and the economy of many countries. Increased blood pressure is the leading risk for premature death and disability and accounts for approximately 10% of healthcare spending. Four of nine recent United Nations' targets for reducing chronic noncommunicable diseases relate directly or indirectly to hypertension...
July 2014: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24512380/applying-syndemics-and-chronicity-interpretations-from-studies-of-poverty-depression-and-diabetes
#17
Lesley Jo Weaver, Emily Mendenhall
Medical anthropologists working with global health agendas must develop transdisciplinary frameworks to communicate their work. This article explores two similar but underutilized theoretical frameworks in medical anthropology, and discusses how they facilitate new insights about the relationships between epidemiological patterns and individual-level illness experiences. Two cases from our fieldwork in New Delhi and Chicago are presented to illustrate how syndemics and chronicity theories explain the epidemic problems of co-occurring depression and type 2 diabetes...
2014: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24252755/the-roads-less-traveled-diverging-research-and-clinical-priorities-for-dialysis-patients-and-those-with-less-severe-ckd
#18
REVIEW
Marcello Tonelli
Over the last 4 decades, there has been tremendous growth in the number of long-term hemodialysis patients and kidney transplantation has been identified as the renal replacement modality of choice. These developments have been accompanied by substantial increases in the age and comorbid conditions of the typical dialysis patient, a general failure to identify treatments that prevent hard clinical outcomes in dialysis populations, and the recognition that patients and their physicians often have very different perspectives about which outcomes matter most...
January 2014: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24088093/noncommunicable-diseases
#19
REVIEW
David J Hunter, K Srinath Reddy
The United Nations has held only two meetings of heads of state on a health-related issue. The first, in 2001, was on human immunodeficiency virus infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The second, in September 2011, was on noncommunicable diseases. Although noncommunicable diseases..
October 3, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24004122/behavioral-and-dietary-risk-factors-for-noncommunicable-diseases
#20
Majid Ezzati, Elio Riboli
Except in eastern Europe and parts of Africa, mortality among adults has declined in most countries for decades. Lower rates of death from infectious diseases were the early driver of this improvement, but there have been subsequent declines in mortality from cardiovascular disease and some cancers...
September 5, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
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