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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350710/exercise-intervention-attrition-compliance-adherence-and-progression-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation%C3%A2
#1
Tara Peters, Ruby Erdmann, Eileen Danaher Hacker
BACKGROUND: Exercise is widely touted as an effective intervention to optimize health and well-being after high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article reports attrition, compliance, adherence, and progression from the strength training arm of the single-blind randomized, controlled trial Strength Training to Enhance Early Recovery (STEER). 
. METHODS: 37 patients were randomized to the intervention and participated in a structured strength training program introduced during hospitalization and continued for six weeks after release...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346524/-effects-of-a-primary-care-based-multifactorial-intervention-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-frail-elderly-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Laura Romera-Liebana, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Jordi Real, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Mercedes Möller, Santiago Lancho, Anna Ramirez, Nuria Marti, Montserrat Cullell, Nuria Bastida, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Patricia Cendrós, Anna Bistuer, Elena Perez, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Gonçal Foz
Background: Detecting and managing frailty at early stages can prevent disability and other adverse outcomes. The study aim was to evaluate whether a multifactorial intervention program could modify physical and cognitive frailty parameters in elderly individuals. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group trial in community-living pre-frail/frail elderly individuals in Barcelona. A total of 352 patients, aged ≥65 years old with positive frailty screening, was randomized into two groups to receive a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention or usual care, with concealed allocation...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338154/characteristics-etiology-and-treatment-of-pediatric-and-adult-anaphylaxis-in-iran
#3
Mohammad Nabavi, Mehrnoosh Lavavpour, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Rasool Molatefi, Mahsa Rekabi, Javad Ahmadian, Narges Eslami, Sima Shokri, Kian Darabi, Gholam Reza Sedighi, Morteza Fallahpour
Despite the increasing prevalence of anaphylaxis, there is little information about the characteristics and practice of healthcare providers in treating anaphylaxis, so this study was conducted to record the characteristics and therapeutic approaches of anaphylaxis from May 2012 until April 2015, the data of all patients diagnosed with anaphylaxis in the Allergy department of three referral university hospitals in Tehran, Iran were recorded. Thereafter, the demographics, clinical features, triggers and therapeutic approach were evaluated...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336626/antihypertensive-monotherapy-or-combined-therapy-which-is-more-effective-on-functional-status
#4
Liliana C Baptista, André Pinto Amorim, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Manuel Teixeira Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
BACKGROUND: This study aims to analyze the effects of anti-hypertensive monotherapy and combined therapy on functional status, and cardiovascular risk outcomes in older adults. METHODS: This longitudinal non-randomized cohort study, involved hypertensive older adults (n = 440) aged 60 or more years with comorbidities. Participants underwent a community exercise training program and one of the following 2 conditions: i) use of daily mono-dose angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi; n= 232); ii) combined therapy including ACEi plus other class agent (Combined; n= 208)...
January 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336622/nutritional-supplement-and-functional-food-use-among-medical-students-in-india
#5
Nitin Joseph, Abhinav Kumar, Harjas Singh, Mohammed Shaheen, Kriti Das, Apurva Shrivastava
This study was conducted to assess the pattern of use of nutritional supplements (NSs) and functional foods (FFs), reasons for their use, factors influencing their use, and perception toward their use among medical students. Data were collected from 400 randomly chosen participants using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire. The most common source of information on these substances was from medical professionals (n = 140 [35%]). Multivitamins were consumed by 48 (45.3%) participants. Most common reasons stated for the use of supplements were for good health (n = 39 [36...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333795/exercise-in-the-management-of-chronic-diseases-an-underfilled-prescription
#6
EDITORIAL
Kassem Sharif, Howard Amital
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#7
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324562/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-pre-frailty-and-frailty-progression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Barbara D'Avanzo, Holly Gwyther, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions for preventing frailty progression in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Frailty is an age-related state of decreased physiological reserves characterized by an increased risk of poor clinical outcomes. Evidence supporting the malleability of frailty, its prevention and treatment, has been presented. INCLUSION CRITERIA: The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 and over, explicitly identified as pre-frail or frail, who had been undergoing interventions focusing on the prevention of frailty progression...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#10
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317079/biotensegrity-and-myofascial-chains-a-global-approach-to-an-integrated-kinetic-chain
#11
S L Dischiavi, A A Wright, E J Hegedus, C M Bleakley
Human movement is a complex orchestration of events involving many different body systems. Understanding how these systems interact during musculoskeletal movements can directly inform a variety of research fields including: injury etiology, injury prevention and therapeutic exercise prescription. Traditionally scientists have examined human movement through a reductionist lens whereby movements are broken down and observed in isolation. The process of reductionism fails to capture the interconnected complexities and the dynamic interactions found within complex systems such as human movement...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316409/exercise-is-medicine-canada-physical-activity-counselling-and-exercise-prescription-training-improves-counselling-prescription-and-referral-practices-among-physicians-across-canada
#12
Jonathon R Fowles, Myles W O'Brien, Kara Solmundson, Paul I Oh, Christopher A Shields
Exercise is Medicine Canada (EIMC) is an initiative that promotes physical activity (PA) counselling and exercise prescription within health care. The purpose of this study was to compare physicians' perceptions and practices around PA counselling and exercise prescription following EIMC training. Physicians (n=46) from 7 different provinces completed questionnaires initially and three-months following an EIMC workshop. Three-months post-intervention, physicians reported greater confidence compared to baseline, for providing physical activity and exercise (PAE) information to patients (79% vs 55%; p<0...
January 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306767/effects-of-concurrent-training-on-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner, Marcia Carvalho Garcia, Andre Andriolli Taffarel, Camila Baudini Mourão, Isabel Paulo da Silva, Sara Pereira da Silva, Maria Stella Peccin, Império Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among older adults. Concurrent training comprises muscle strengthening and aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of a concurrent training program on muscle strength, walking function, metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk, use of medications and quality of life among older adults with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, blind, clinical trial was conducted in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, involving 41 male and female older adults...
December 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301422/should-psychiatrists-write-the-exercise-prescription-for-depression
#14
Gregory Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301027/personalized-exercise-dose-prescription
#15
Petra Zubin Maslov, Alexa Schulman, Carl J Lavie, Jagat Narula
Physical activity (PA) is associated with increased longevity and decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, however, the majority of the general population is still sedentary. In order to maximize the health benefits of PA, health care practitioners should be familiarized with the appropriate dose of exercise for each healthy individual, depending on their habitual PA and relative fitness. The aim of this review is to quantitatively describe the lowest and the highest level of exercise that has health benefits, and what should hypothetically be considered 'the sweet spot'...
December 28, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280904/rapid-patient-discharge-contribution-to-bed-surge-capacity-during-a-mass-casualty-incident-findings-from-an-exercise-with-new-york-city-hospitals
#16
Jasmine L Jacobs-Wingo, Heather A Cook, William H Lang
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incidents may increase patient volume suddenly and dramatically, requiring hospitals to expeditiously manage bed inventories to release acute care beds for disaster victims. Electronic patient tracking systems combined with unit walk-throughs can identify patients for rapid discharge. The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's 2013 Rapid Patient Discharge Assessment (RPDA) aimed to determine the maximum number of beds NYC hospitals could make available through rapid patient discharge and to characterize discharge barriers...
January 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277065/endotoxin-predictors-and-associated-respiratory-outcomes-differ-with-climate-regions-in-the-u-s
#17
Angelico Mendy, Jesse Wilkerson, Pӓivi M Salo, Richard D Cohn, Darryl C Zeldin, Peter S Thorne
RATIONALE: Although endotoxin is a recognized cause of environmental lung disease, how its relationship with respiratory outcomes varies with climate is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the endotoxin predictors as well as endotoxin association with asthma, wheeze, and sensitization to inhalant allergens in various US climate regions. METHODS: We analyzed data on 6963 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Endotoxin measurements of house dust from bedroom floor and bedding were performed at the University of Iowa...
December 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276538/rotator-cuff-disorders-a-survey-of-current-2016-uk-physiotherapy-practice
#18
Julie Bury, Chris Littlewood
Background: Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal presentation, with disorders of the rotator cuff (RC) regarded as the most frequent cause. Conservative treatment is often the initial management; however, findings from a previous survey showed considerable variations in clinical practice, including the use of modalities that are not supported in the literature, suggesting that research is not impacting on practice. The present study aimed to survey current UK physiotherapy practice for the management of RC disorders and to determine whether this has changed over the 5-year period since the last survey was conducted...
January 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273182/-peripheral-arterial-disease-treatment
#19
Iléana Desormais, Victor Aboyans, Francis Pesteil, Philipe Lacroix
Medical management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients is aimed at limb symptom relief and reducing systemic major adverse events risk. For the first purpose: exercise therapy is recommended in case of claudication; multidisciplinary evaluation for surgical options is mandatory in case of critical limb ischaemia. Reducing cardiac and stroke risk can be achieved through: statin prescription in most of the cases; antiplatelet agents in symptomatic PAD patients; cardio-vascular risk factors control.
December 19, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258503/development-and-validation-of-a-new-tool-to-measure-the-facilitators-barriers-and-preferences-to-exercise-in-people-with-osteoporosis
#20
Isabel B Rodrigues, Jonathan D Adachi, Karen A Beattie, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely known benefits of exercise and physical activity, adherence rates to these activities are poor. Understanding exercise facilitators, barriers, and preferences may provide an opportunity to personalize exercise prescription and improve adherence. The purpose of this study was to develop the Personalized Exercise Questionnaire (PEQ) to identify these facilitators, barriers, and preferences to exercise in people with osteoporosis. METHODS: This study comprises two phases, instrument design and judgmental evidence...
December 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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