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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789948/the-application-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-in-cancer-rehabilitation-current-prescription-pitfalls-and-future-directions
#1
Dominic O'Connor, Brian Caulfield
The plethora of treatment complications associated with cancer can be offset by regular exercise participation; however, adherence to current guidelines is poor, in particular in those unable or not allowed to participate in voluntary exercise due to their underlying disease. Alternative therapies such as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are promising although previous results in cancer survivors have been equivocal. This is likely in response to methodological issues such as inappropriate NMES prescription...
May 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789277/applicability-of-a-web-based-individualized-exercise-intervention-in-patients-with-liver-disease-cystic-fibrosis-esophageal-cancer-and-psychiatric-disorders-process-evaluation-of-4-ongoing-clinical-trials
#2
Daniel Pfirrmann, Nils Haller, Yvonne Huber, Patrick Jung, Klaus Lieb, Ines Gockel, Krystyna Poplawska, Jörn Markus Schattenberg, Perikles Simon
BACKGROUND: In the primary and secondary prevention of civilization diseases, regular physical activity is recommended in international guidelines to improve disease-related symptoms, delay the progression of the disease, or to enhance postoperative outcomes. In the preoperative context, there has been a paradigm shift in favor of using preconditioning concepts before surgery. Web-based interventions seem an innovative and effective tool for delivering general information, individualized exercise recommendations, and peer support...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789100/healthcare-resource-utilisation-by-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-receiving-a-lifestyle-focused-text-message-support-program-an-analysis-from-the-text-me-study
#3
Jay Thakkar, Julie Redfern, Ehsan Khan, Emily Atkins, Jeffrey Ha, Kha Vo, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow
The 'Tobacco, Exercise and Diet Messages' (TEXT ME) study was a 6-month, single-centre randomised clinical trial (RCT) that found a text message support program improved levels of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The current analyses examined whether receipt of text messages influenced participants' engagement with conventional healthcare resources. The TEXT ME study database (N=710) was linked with routinely collected health department databases. Number of doctor consultations, investigations and cardiac medication prescriptions in the two study groups were compared...
May 23, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786781/the-ejes-3d-tool-for-personalized-prescription-of-exercise-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-through-multimedia-animations-pilot-study
#4
Mariano Tomás Flórez, Raquel Almodóvar, Fernando García Pérez, Ana Belén Rodríguez Cambrón, Loreto Carmona, María Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, Juan Aboitiz Cantalapiedra, Ana Urruticoechea-Arana, Carlos J Rodríguez Lozano, Carmen Castro, Cristina Fernández-Carballido, Eugenio de Miguel, Eva Galíndez, José Luis Álvarez Vega, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis F Linares, Mireia Moreno, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Xavier Juanola, Pedro Zarco
To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop...
May 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783763/integrated-framework-of-load-monitoring-by-a-combination-of-smartphone-applications-wearables-and-point-of-care-testing-provides-feedback-that-allows-individual-responsive-adjustments-to-activities-of-daily-living
#5
Peter Düking, Silvia Achtzehn, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
Athletes schedule their training and recovery in periods, often utilizing a pre-defined strategy. To avoid underperformance and/or compromised health, the external load during training should take into account the individual's physiological and perceptual responses. No single variable provides an adequate basis for planning, but continuous monitoring of a combination of several indicators of internal and external load during training, recovery and off-training as well may allow individual responsive adjustments of a training program in an effective manner...
May 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781941/cardiopulmonary-demand-of-16-kg-kettlebell-snatches-in-simulated-girevoy-sport
#6
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781939/order-effects-of-resistance-and-stretching-exercises-on-heart-rate-variability-and-blood-pressure-in-healthy-adults
#7
Gleisson da Silva Araujo, David G Behm, Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Aline Gomes Ferreira de Melo Fiuza, Thiago Matassoli Gomes, Jefferson Macedo Vianna, Michel Silva Reis, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
da Silva Araujo, G, Behm, DG, Monteiro, ER, de Melo Fiuza, AGF, Gomes, TM, Vianna, JM, Reis, MS, and da Silva Novaes, J. Order effects of resistance and stretching exercises on heart rate variability and blood pressure in healthy adults. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effect of different combinations and order of resistance exercise (RE) and stretching exercise (SE) on heart rate variability, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769833/effects-of-knee-alignments-and-toe-clip-on-frontal-plane-knee-biomechanics-in-cycling
#8
Guangping Shen, Songning Zhang, Hunter J Bennett, James C Martin, Scott E Crouter, Eugene C Fitzhugh
Effects of knee alignment on the internal knee abduction moment (KAM) in walking have been widely studied. The KAM is closely associated with the development of medial knee osteoarthritis. Despite the importance of knee alignment, no studies have explored its effects on knee frontal plane biomechanics during stationary cycling. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of knee alignment and use of a toe clip on the knee frontal plane biomechanics during stationary cycling. A total of 32 participants (11 varus, 11 neutral, and 10 valgus alignment) performed five trials in each of six cycling conditions: pedaling at 80 rpm and 0...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768095/test-retest-reliability-of-kinetic-variables-measured-on-campus-board-in-sport-climbers
#9
Edgardo Alvares de Campos Abreu, Sílvia Ribeiro Santos Araújo, Gustavo Henrique da Cunha Peixoto Cançado, André Gustavo Pereira de Andrade, Mauro Heleno Chagas, Hans-Joachim Karl Menzel
Sport climbers frequently use campus board (CB) to improve their upper limb strength under similar conditions of high-difficulty sport climbing routes. The objective of this study was to assess the test-retest reliability of peak force and impulse measured using a CB instrumented with two load cells on starting holds. The same evaluator examined 22 climbers on two days with 48 h between the assessments. The participants performed five concentric lunges (CL) and five lunges with stretch-shortening cycle with 1 min intervals between repetitions and 10 min between exercises...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766791/immunometabolic-changes-in-hepatocytes-arising-from-obesity-and-the-practice-of-physical-exercise
#10
Paula Alves Monteiro, Wagner Prado, Thiago Ricardo Dos Santos Tenório, Luciane Magri Tomaz, David H St-Pierre, Fabio Santos Lira
Over the recent years, a particular interest was shown towards understanding the roles of excessive hepatic fat accumulation and the development of obesity-related diseases. While hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation seems to be a response to the systemic increase of insulin release, fatty acid metabolites contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is widely accepted that NAFLD is a polygenic and multifactorial disease under the influence of critical behavioral factors such as overeating and sedentary lifestyles...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765176/impairments-of-postural-control-functional-performance-and-strength-in-morbidly-obese-patients-awaiting-bariatric-surgery-in-comparison-to-healthy-individuals
#11
Max Lennart Eckstein, Jimmy Bradley Lawrence, Christoph Otto, Peggy Kotsch, Janin Messerschmidt, Richard Michael Bracken, Othmar Moser
[Purpose] There is a lack of information evaluating specific markers of performance in patients awaiting bariatric surgery. We aimed to assess the postural control, functional performance, strength and endurance performance for morbidly obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery compared to lean controls. [Subjects and Methods] All parameters were assessed by modified Y-balance test, timed-up-and-go-test, maximum strength testing on resistance exercise equipment and cardio-pulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer in 10 morbidly obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery and 10 age- and sex-matched lean controls...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764892/intense-exercise-for-survival-among-men-with-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-interval-gap4-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-study-protocol
#12
Robert U Newton, Stacey A Kenfield, Nicolas H Hart, June M Chan, Kerry S Courneya, James Catto, Stephen P Finn, Rosemary Greenwood, Daniel C Hughes, Lorelei Mucci, Stephen R Plymate, Stephan F E Praet, Emer M Guinan, Erin L Van Blarigan, Orla Casey, Mark Buzza, Sam Gledhill, Li Zhang, Daniel A Galvão, Charles J Ryan, Fred Saad
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants (n=866) must have histologically documented metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of progressive disease on androgen deprivation therapy (defined as mCRPC)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762178/exercise-non-responders-genetic-curse-poor-compliance-or-improper-prescription
#13
Russell R Pate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755173/patients-perspectives-on-and-experiences-of-home-exercise-programmes-delivered-with-a-mobile-application
#14
Hillary Abramsky, Puneet Kaur, Mikale Robitaille, Leanna Taggio, Paul K Kosemetzky, Hillary Foster, Barbara E Gibson Bmr Pt MSc PhD, Maggie Bergeron, Patrick Jachyra
Purpose: We explored patients' perspectives on home exercise programmes (HEPs) and their experiences using a mobile application designed to facilitate home exercise. Method: Data were generated using qualitative, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with 10 participants who were receiving outpatient physiotherapy. Results: Establishing a therapeutic partnership between physiotherapists and patients enabled therapists to customize the HEPs to the patients' lifestyles and preferences. Analysis suggests that using the mobile application improved participants' ability to integrate the HEP into their daily life and was overwhelmingly preferred to traditional paper handouts...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753424/-assessment-of-medical-management-of-heart-failure-at-national-hospital-blaise-compaore
#15
Y Kambiré, L Konaté, I Diallo, G R C Millogo, K J Kologo, J B Tougouma, A K Samadoulougou, P Zabsonré
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of medical management of heart failure at the National Hospital Blaise Compaoré according to the international guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed including consecutive patients admitted for heart failure documented sonographically from October 2012 to March 2015 in the Medicine and Medical Specialties Department of National Hospital Blaise Compaore with a minimum follow-up of six weeks...
May 9, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752846/it-s-like-balancing-on-a-slackline-a-description-of-how-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-describe-themselves-in-relation-to-physical-activity
#16
Annika Bay, Kristina Lämås, Malin Berghammer, Camilla Sandberg, Bengt Johansson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate how adults with CHD describe themselves in relation to physical activity. BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced exercise capacity and do not reach the recommended daily level of physical activity. With this in view, it is of immense importance to investigate how this population experiences physical activity. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews analysed with qualitative content analysis...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752803/a-pragmatic-application-of-the-re-aim-framework-for-evaluating-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-as-a-standard-of-care-in-health-systems
#17
Mark Stoutenberg, Karla I Galaviz, Felipe Lobelo, Elizabeth Joy, Gregory W Heath, Adrian Hutber, Paul Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is Medicine (EIM) is an initiative that seeks to integrate physical activity assessment, prescription, and patient referral as a standard in patient care. Methods to assess this integration have lagged behind its implementation. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to provide a pragmatic framework to guide health care systems in assessing the implementation and impact of EIM. EVALUATION METHODS: A working group of experts from health care, public health, and implementation science convened to develop an evaluation model based on the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747047/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-orthodontist-based-brief-advice-to-prevent-child-obesity
#18
Melbourne F Hovell, Katharine E Schmitz, Sandy Liles, Kristi Robusto, C Richard Hofstetter, Jeanne F Nichols, Cheryl L Rock, Veronica Irvin, Melanie S Parker, Santiago A Surillo, David Noel
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test whether brief exercise and diet advice provided during child patient visits to their orthodontic office could improve diet, physical activity, and age-and-gender-adjusted BMI. METHODS: We enrolled orthodontic offices in Southern California and Tijuana, Mexico, and recruited their patients aged 8-16 to participate in a two-year study. At each office visit, staff provided the children with "prescriptions" for improving diet and exercise behaviors...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745772/specificity-elicits-higher-maximal-and-submaximal-cardiorespiratory-responses-during-a-new-taekwondo-aerobic-test
#19
Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge, Jonas Gurgel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to propose and validate new taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary exercise tests. METHODS: Twelve male national-level taekwondo athletes (age 20 ± 2 yrs; body mass 67.5 ± 5.7 kg; height 175 ± 8 cm; training experience 7 ± 3 yrs) performed three separate exercise tests in a randomized counterbalanced order: 1) a Treadmill Running Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET); 2) Continuous and 3) Interval Taekwondo Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests (cTKDet and iTKDet, respectively)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740694/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-of-oncologists-and-oncology-health-care-providers-in-promoting-physical-activity-to-cancer-survivors-an-international-survey
#20
Sarah J Hardcastle, Robert Kane, Paola Chivers, Dana Hince, Andrew Dean, Dominic Higgs, Paul A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oncologists towards physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors, and the association between oncologists' own PA behavior and PA promotion. METHODS: Oncologists (n = 123) completed a survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Participants reported PA promotion behavior, PA involvement, attitudes, intentions, social norm, perceived behavioral control (PBC), and confidence and knowledge of exercise prescription...
May 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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