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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640773/salivary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-is-associated-with-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency
#1
Yang Chen, Helene Z Hill, Gudrun Lange, Michael J Falvo
Chen, Y, Hill, HZ, Lange, G, and Falvo, MJ. Salivary mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with exercise ventilatory efficiency. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2000-2004, 2017-Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) is an index of mitochondrial content and is responsive to changes in exercise training volume. Therefore, assessment of mtDNAcn may help to optimize exercise prescription and aid in athlete monitoring. Although previous work has assessed mtDNAcn derived from skeletal muscle and blood using invasive approaches, no study has examined salivary mtDNAcn and its relationship with sport performance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637073/-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-oncology-what%C3%A2-makes-sense
#2
Axel Eustachi, Dieter Melchart
The basis of any complementary therapy should be the recommendation of a healthy lifestyle (diet, nutrition, exercise, stress-reduction), and appropriate self-help techniques (e. g. thermotherapy, herbal OTC-products) aimed at releasing the patients' most debilitating symptoms. For therapy-resistant or strong symptoms, more invasive interventions or medical treatments with an acceptable evidence base can be used (e. g. acupuncture for cancer pain, herbal prescriptions). The effects of any complementary intervention should be controlled for a period of six weeks after its administration...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635190/characteristics-of-structured-physical-training-currently-provided-in-cardiac-patients-insights-from-the-exercise-training-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-etcr-italian-survey
#3
Marco Ambrosetti, Patrick Doherty, Pompilio Faggiano, Ugo Corrà, Carlo Vigorito, Dominique Hansen, Patrizio Sarto, Ana Abreu, Roberto F E Pedretti
BACKGROUND:   Uncertainty exists about current delivery levels of exercise training (ET) during Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programmes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate ET modalities in the real world of CR facilities in Italy. METHODS: This was an observational survey of aggregate data, collected from CR facilities on a voluntary basis. Snapshots of a single working day at a local site were made, in terms of characteristics of patients and ET programmes delivered...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634452/establishing-the-basis-for-mechanobiology-based-physical-therapy-protocols-to-potentiate-cellular-healing-and-tissue-regeneration
#4
REVIEW
Joanna L Ng, Mariana E Kersh, Sharon Kilbreath, M Knothe Tate
Life is mechanobiological: mechanical stimuli play a pivotal role in the formation of structurally and functionally appropriate body templates through mechanobiologically-driven cellular and tissue re/modeling. The body responds to mechanical stimuli engendered through physical movement in an integrated fashion, internalizing and transferring forces from organ, through tissue and cellular length scales. In the context of rehabilitation and therapeutic outcomes, such mechanical stimuli are referred to as mechanotherapy...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634165/diabetes-em-movimento-a-portuguese-web-based-platform-to-support-exercise-prescription-by-medical-doctors
#5
Romeu Mendes, Nelson Sousa, Marcos Agostinho, Victor Machado Reis, José Luís Themudo-Barata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630505/analytical-evaluation-of-the-accuracy-and-retention-of-compounding-skills-among-pharmd-students
#6
Mudit Mudit, Lloyd F Alfonso
Objective. To evaluate the accuracy and retention of compounding skills among students using analytical testing. Methods. Students compounded acetaminophen capsules from the same prescription at three time points (Exercise 1, 2, 3). The compounded products were analyzed (by HPLC) for acetaminophen content and the students' written reports were evaluated for accuracy of calculations and labeling. Results. During Exercise 1, 57.8% of the compounded capsule products were within the acceptable range, 92.2% during Exercise 2 and 75% during Exercise 3...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#7
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614164/multi-component-musculoskeletal-movement-assessment-tools-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-their-development-and-applicability-to-professional-practice
#8
Hunter Bennett, Kade Davison, John Arnold, Kevin Norton, Flynn Slattery, Max Martin
Multi-component movement assessment tools have become commonplace to measure movement quality, proposing to indicate injury risk and performance capabilities. Despite popular use, there has been no attempt to compare the components of each tool reported in the literature, the processes in which they were developed, or the underpinning rationale for their included content. As such, the objective of this systematic review was to provide a comprehensive summary of current movement assessment tools, and appraise the evidence supporting their development...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596738/intensity-and-duration-based-options-to-regulate-endurance-training
#9
Peter Hofmann, Gerhard Tschakert
The regulation of endurance training is usually based on the prescription of exercise intensity. Exercise duration, another important variable of training load, is rarely prescribed by individual measures and mostly set from experience. As the specific exercise duration for any intensity plays a substantial role regarding the different kind of cellular stressors, degree, and kind of fatigue as well as training effects, concepts integrating the prescription of both intensity and duration within one model are needed...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582682/rotator-cuff-related-pain-patients-understanding-and-experiences
#10
Melissa A Gillespie, Aleksandra Mącznik, Craig A Wassinger, Gisela Sole
BACKGROUND: Persistent musculoskeletal pain is a multi-factorial entity, influenced by biological, genetic and psychosocial factors. Psychosocial factors, such as individuals' beliefs and experiences, need to be considered in the management of such pain. While extensive research has explored beliefs of individuals with spinal pain, less is known about individuals' beliefs regarding shoulder pain. OBJECTIVES: To explore beliefs about the cause of pain in individuals with persistent rotator cuff-related pain, as well as the experiences of the effect of pain on their daily lives...
May 27, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580400/replacement-of-daily-load-attenuates-but-does-not-prevent-changes-to-the-musculoskeletal-system-during-bed-rest
#11
Peter R Cavanagh, Andrea J Rice, Sara C Novotny, Kerim O Genc, Ricki K Englehaupt, Tammy M Owings, Bryan Comstock, Tamre Cardoso, Hakan Ilaslan, Scott M Smith, Angelo A Licata
The dose-response effects of exercise in reduced gravity on musculoskeletal health have not been well documented. It is not known whether or not individualized exercise prescriptions can be effective in preventing the substantial loss in bone mineral density and muscle function that have been observed in space flight and in bed rest. In this study, typical daily loads to the lower extremities were quantified in free-living subjects who were then randomly assigned to control or exercise groups. Subjects were confined to 6-degree head-down bed rest for 84 days...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561646/bench-to-bedside-approaches-for-personalized-exercise-therapy-in-cancer
#12
Lee W Jones, Neil D Eves, Jessica M Scott
The past 2 decades have witnessed a growing body of work investigating the feasibility and efficacy of exercise therapy on a broad array of outcomes in many different oncology scenarios. Despite this heterogeneity, the exercise therapy prescription approach and the dose tested has been largely similar. Thus, current exercise therapy prescriptions in the oncology setting adopt a one-size-fits-all approach. In this article, we provide an overview of personalization of exercise therapy in cancer using the principles of training as an overarching framework...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557849/monitoring-resistance-exercise-intensity-via-rpe-in-previously-untrained-patients-with-prostate-cancer-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#13
C M Fairman, R L LaFountain, A R Lucas, B C Focht
Exercise has been shown to be safe and effective for prostate cancer (PrCa) patients. The monitoring of resistance exercise (RE) intensity is an emerging area of interest in RE prescription. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is one of the most commonly used methods, but has not yet been validated in this population. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between RPE and RE intensity in PrCa. Data for this study were abstracted from baseline upper and lower body strength assessments from two previous trials (IDEA-P; Livestrong) in our laboratory investigating functional outcomes in PrCa patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554433/systematic-review-of-nondrug-nonsurgical-treatment-of-shoulder-conditions
#14
REVIEW
Cheryl Hawk, Amy L Minkalis, Raheleh Khorsan, Clinton J Daniels, Dennis Homack, Jordan A Gliedt, Julie A Hartman, Shireesh Bhalerao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative nondrug, nonsurgical interventions, either alone or in combination, for conditions of the shoulder. METHODS: The review was conducted from March 2016 to November 2016 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), and was registered with PROSPERO. Eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews, or meta-analyses studying adult patients with a shoulder diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551836/does-exercise-training-augment-improvements-in-quality-of-life-induced-by-energy-restriction-for-obese-populations-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Daniel J van den Hoek, Clint T Miller, Steve F Fraser, Steve E Selig, John B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with a decline in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), while weight loss and exercise training have a positive influence. The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effects of energy restriction (ER) alone intervention to diet and exercise intervention on HRQOL. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases were searched for randomised controlled trials examining HRQOL through lifestyle interventions which examined ER and energy restriction plus exercise in obese adults...
May 27, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#16
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546675/anatomical-correlation-of-core-muscle-activation-in-different-yogic-postures
#17
REVIEW
Mrithunjay Rathore, Soumitra Trivedi, Jessy Abraham, Manisha B Sinha
Faulty postures due to sedentary lifestyle cause weakening of core muscles which contributes to increased incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although a few research studies have quantified the core muscle activity in various yogic exercises used in rehabilitation programs, evidence correlating it to functional anatomy is scarce. Such information is important for exercise prescription when formulating treatment plans for MSDs. Therefore, the objective of this review article is to examine the literature and analyze the muscle activity produced across various yoga postures to determine which type of yoga posture elicits the highest activation for the core muscle in individuals...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#18
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors following exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise - relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure - on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index: 22...
May 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538319/reliability-and-accuracy-of-a-standardized-shallow-water-running-test-to-determine-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#19
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
Nagle, EF, Sanders, ME, Gibbs, BB, Franklin, BA, Nagle, JA, Prins, PJ, Johnson, CD, and Robertson, RJ. Reliability and accuracy of a standardized shallow water running test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1669-1677, 2017-A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized nonswimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536754/movement-amplitude-on-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-deep-spinal-muscle-activity-and-movement-control
#20
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, L Samson, T Weber, Nick Caplan
PURPOSE: Lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) show altered motor control, and LM is atrophied, in people with low-back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) involves cyclical lower-limb movement against minimal resistance in an upright posture. It has been shown to recruit LM and TrA automatically, and may have potential as an intervention for non-specific LBP. However, no studies have yet investigated the effects of changes in FRED movement amplitude on the activity of these muscles...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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