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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139007/adding-high-intensity-interval-training-to-conventional-training-modalities-optimizing-health-related-outcomes-during-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-the-optitrain-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sara Mijwel, Malin Backman, Kate A Bolam, Anna Jervaeus, Carl Johan Sundberg, Sara Margolin, Maria Browall, Helene Rundqvist, Yvonne Wengström
PURPOSE: Exercise training is an effective and safe way to counteract cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). High-intensity interval training has proven beneficial for the health of clinical populations. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effects of resistance and high-intensity interval training (RT-HIIT), and moderate-intensity aerobic and high-intensity interval training (AT-HIIT) to usual care (UC) in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
November 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131718/is-abstinence-really-the-best-option-exploring-the-role-of-exercise-in-the-treatment-and-management-of-eating-disorders
#2
Danika A Quesnel, Maya Libben, Nelly D Oelke, Marianne I Clark, Sally Willis-Stewart, Cristina M Caperchione
OBJECTIVE: Exercise prescription is suggested to help manage exercise abuse and improve overall eating disorder (ED) prognosis. This study explored emerging perceptions of ED health professionals concerning the role of exercise as a supportive treatment for EDs. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with international health professionals (n=13) with expertise in ED treatment. Verbatim transcripts were analyzed through thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four themes were revealed and titled 1) understanding the current state; 2) gaining perspectives; 3) barriers and benefits; 4) one size does not fit all...
November 13, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120965/exploring-the-views-of-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-on-the-use-of-rollators-a-qualitative-study
#3
Alanna Holz, Amanda Bennett, Amber Freethy, Nadia Rossi, Megan Tanzos, Roger Goldstein, Dina Brooks, Samantha L Harrison
PURPOSE: Although it has been well documented that the progressive exercise limitation associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be helped with an assistive device, such as a rollator, many individuals use it infrequently. This study seeks to explore the views of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease regarding the use of rollators. METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Twelve individuals with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were recruited from an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program to participate in semistructured interviews...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119954/-the-role-of-dosed-walking-in-the-combination-with-elements-of-cognitive-training-in-the-comprehensive-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
N A Zimushkina, P V Kosareva, V G Cherkasova
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of dosed physical exercises for the combined treatment of the patients presenting with mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination involved 41 patients (32 women and 9 men) with the confirmed diagnosis of 'probable' AD with stages 1 and 2 of dementia and 17 healthy volunteers comprising the group of comparison. In all the patients, the neurological examination was supplemented by neuropsychological testing...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119193/outpatient-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Yiyang Liow, Wilson Wang, Victor Weng Keong Loh
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common disease that causes significant disability. Most patients can be managed conservatively in the outpatient setting. A small minority require surgery. The cornerstones of treatment are weight loss, exercise and analgesia. Walking aids, medial patellar taping, acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation are useful management adjuncts. Current evidence does not support routine prescription of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements. Early consultation with an orthopaedic surgeon should be made when conservative measures fail...
October 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112055/self-selected-resistance-exercise-load-implications-for-research-and-prescription
#6
Sebastião Barbosa-Netto, Obanshe S dʼAcelino-E-Porto, Marcos B Almeida
Barbosa-Netto, S, d'Acelino-e-Porto, OS, and Almeida, MB. Self-selected resistance exercise load: implications for research and prescription. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Resistance training has been widely used for maintaining or improving the quality of life and sports performance. It is not clear, however, whether the load commonly used in these exercises is equivalent to the number of repetitions determined for execution, that is, the level of effort applied to the self-selected load. Ergo, the aim of this study was to identify the number of maximum repetitions that strength training practitioners can perform with the load commonly used (self-selected) to perform 10 repetitions in their training routines...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105515/implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-norwegian-ullevaal-model-as-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-in-primary-care
#7
Birgitta Blakstad Nilsson, Pernille Lunde, Inger Holm
PURPOSE: To describe the Norwegian Ullevaal model, customised for cardiac patients in primary care, and to evaluate the feasibility of the model through patient outcomes after the 12 week outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive interventional cohort study with pre-post design. Patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation (n = 273) were enrolled. Group-based high-intensity interval training was offered twice weekly. The primary outcome measure was change in peak oxygen uptake...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102877/different-fatigue-resistant-leg-muscles-and-emg-response-during-whole-body-vibration
#8
Deniz Simsek
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of static whole-body vibration (WBV) on the Electromyograhic (EMG) responses of leg muscles, which are fatigue-resistant in different manner. The study population was divided into two groups according to the values obtained by the Fatigue Index [Group I: Less Fatigue Resistant (LFR), n=11; Group II: More Fatigue Resistant (MFR), n=11]. The repeated electromyographic (EMG) activities of four leg muscles were analyzed the following determinants: (1) frequency (30 Hz, 35 Hz and 40 Hz); (2) stance position (static squat position); (3) amplitude (2 mm and 4 mm) and (4) knee flexion angle (120°), (5) vertical vibration platform...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098630/exercise-dosing-and-prescription-playing-it-safe-dangers-and-prescription
#9
Lei Wang, Dongmei Ai, Ning Zhang
Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive and multidisciplinary program, and exercise training is extremely crucial in the whole program. In the past decades, many researches have shown the beneficial effects of exercise for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is indisputable Nevertheless, only a well-designed exercise prescription may achieve the ideal benefits. In this chapter, we will have a discussion of what is exercise prescription and how to establish a scientific and appropriate exercise prescription for CVD patients depending on the current scientific evidence and recommendations...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092619/racial-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-recommendations-lifestyle-changes-and-medication-prescriptions-for-high-cholesterol
#10
Emily Bacon
OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol is a common condition in the United States, affecting nearly one third of adults, and is a leading precursor to coronary heart disease. This study investigates race/ethnic differences in treatment recommendations for patients with high cholesterol, including prescription medication and lifestyle changes such as eating less fat, losing weight, or exercising more. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4846), a representative sample of adults in the United States, and the 2005-2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (N = 12,113), a representative sample of patient visits in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090987/the-validity-and-inter-device-variability-of-the-apple-watch%C3%A2-for-measuring-maximal-heart-rate
#11
Grant Abt, James Bray, Amanda Clare Benson
Maximal heart rate (HRmax) is a fundamental measure used in exercise prescription. The Apple Watch™ measures heart rate yet the validity and inter-device variability of the device for measuring HRmax are unknown. Fifteen participants completed a maximal oxygen uptake test while wearing an Apple Watch™ on each wrist. Criterion HRmax was measured using a Polar T31™ chest strap. There were good to very good correlations between the watches and criterion (left: r = 0.87 [90%CI: 0.67 to 0.95]; right: r = 0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080964/effects-of-an-individualized-home-based-unsupervised-aerobic-training-on-body-composition-and-physiological-parameters-in-obese-adults-are-independent-of-gender
#12
G P Emerenziani, M C Gallotta, S Migliaccio, D Ferrari, E A Greco, F J Saavedra, S Iazzoni, A Aversa, L M Donini, A Lenzi, C Baldari, L Guidetti
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the effects of an individualized home-based unsupervised aerobic training on body composition, physical and physiological parameters in female and male obese adults. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty obese adults (age 47.9 ± 12.4 years; BMI 38.0 ± 7.2 kg/m(2)) entered the 4-month training program. Body composition, physiological and functional capacities were assessed pre- and post-intervention. All subjects were requested to perform unsupervised aerobic training with the intensity based on heart rate, walking speed and OMNI-RPE score corresponding to the individual ventilatory threshold for at least 5 days/week...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080925/the-role-of-sympatho-inhibition-in-combination-treatment-of-obesity-related-hypertension
#13
REVIEW
Revathy Carnagarin, Cynthia Gregory, Omar Azzam, Graham S Hillis, Carl Schultz, Gerald F Watts, Damon Bell, Vance Matthews, Markus P Schlaich
Obesity-related hypertension is commonly characterized by increased sympathetic nerve activity and is therefore acknowledged as a predominantly neurogenic form of hypertension. The sustained sympatho-excitation not only contributes to the rise in blood pressure but also elicits a vicious cycle which facilitates further weight gain and progression of associated co-morbidities. While weight loss and exercise remain at the forefront of therapy for obesity and obesity-related hypertension, the difficulties in achieving and maintaining long-term weight loss with lifestyle measures and the variable blood pressure response to weight loss often necessitate prescription of antihypertensive drug therapy...
October 28, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077490/hiking-with-diabetesrisks-and-benefits
#14
David W Jenkins, Alexander Jenks
BACKGROUND: Exercise is highly beneficial for persons with diabetes. Similar to many other patients, those with diabetes may be reluctant to exercise given a lack of motivation and proper instruction regarding an exercise prescription. In general, medical providers are poorly equipped to develop an exercise prescription and furnish motivation. Attempts to find activities that not only provide effective aerobic challenges but also are enjoyable to participate in are fraught with difficulty...
September 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073365/energy-expenditure-during-an-exercise-training-session-for-cardiac-patients
#15
Helena Santa-Clara, Xavier Melo, Romina Willi, Rita Pinto, Vanessa Santos, José P Almeida, Rodrigo Martins, Ron Clijsen, Miguel Mendes, Bo Fernhall
Background Increasing energy expenditure (EE) in cardiac patients remains a challenge. Exercise approaches in cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs (CR/SP) have consistently resulted in minimal weight loss, due in part to the low exercise-related EE. Purpose To measure the EE among patients participating in a routine exercise session of Phase III maintenance CR/SP where a recreational activity was introduced. Methods Twelve overweight/obese male patients with coronary artery disease (62.6 ± 8...
October 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055881/fitbit-charge-hr-wireless-heart-rate-monitor-validation-study-conducted-under-free-living-conditions
#16
Alexander Wilhelm Gorny, Seaw Jia Liew, Chuen Seng Tan, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: Many modern smart watches and activity trackers feature an optical sensor that estimates the wearer's heart rate. Recent studies have evaluated the performance of these consumer devices in the laboratory. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine the accuracy and sensitivity of a common wrist-worn tracker device in measuring heart rates and detecting 1-min bouts of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) under free-living conditions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048942/comparison-of-2-exercise-rehabilitation-programs-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sarah A Warby, Jon J Ford, Andrew J Hahne, Lyn Watson, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the shoulder is a rehabilitation program, yet there is very low-quality evidence to support this approach. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the Watson MDI program and Rockwood Instability program among patients with nontraumatic, nonstructural MDI. The hypothesis was that the Watson MDI program would produce clinically and statistically superior outcomes over the Rockwood Instability program...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036548/acute-response-to-a-2-minute-isometric-exercise-test-predicts-the-blood-pressure-lowering-efficacy-of-isometric-resistance-training-in-young-adults
#18
Yasina B Somani, Anthony W Baross, Robert D Brook, Kevin J Milne, Cheri L McGowan, Ian L Swaine
Background: This work aimed to explore whether different forms of a simple isometric exercise test could be used to predict the blood pressure (BP)-lowering efficacy of different types of isometric resistance training (IRT) in healthy young adults. In light of the emphasis on primary prevention of hypertension, identifying those with normal BP who will respond to IRT is important. Also, heightened BP reactivity increases hypertension risk, and as IRT reduces BP reactivity in patients with hypertension, it warrants further investigation in a healthy population...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035635/effects-of-varying-the-step-duration-on-the-determination-of-lactate-thresholds-in-elite-rowers
#19
Pitre C Bourdon, Sarah M Woolford, Jonathan D Buckley
This study aimed to identify the minimum increment duration required to accurately assess two distinct lactate thresholds. Twenty-one elite rowers (12 female, 9 males) each performed 8-9 rowing tests comprising: 1) five progressive incremental tests (3, 4, 5, 7 or 10 min steps); and 2) at least three 30-min constant-intensity maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) assessments. Power output (PO) at lactate threshold 1 (LT1) was higher in the 3- and 4-min incremental tests. No other measures were different for LT1...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026833/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-adults-in-china
#20
REVIEW
Jian Yong, Dong Lin, Xue-Rui Tan
Over the past two decades, the percentage of Chinese who is 60 years or older has increased from 5.2% in 1995 to 10.5% in 2015. Approximately 16% of the population in China was 60 years old and above in 2015. Since 1990, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of death in China. Cardiovascular medications of older adults are usually more complicated than younger age groups due to polypharmacy, the presence of comorbidities and more susceptible to treatment-related adverse outcomes. Therefore, effective primary prevention of CVD for older adults is important in sustaining the health of older adults and reducing the burden of the healthcare system...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
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