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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723814/validation-of-the-3-min-all-out-exercise-test-for-shuttle-running-prescription
#1
Anssi Saari, Nathan D Dicks, Mark E Hartman, Robert W Pettitt
A 3-min all-out exercise test (3MT) for running has been developed to determine critical speed (CS) and finite capacity for running speeds >CS (D') which allow for the prediction of time limits (TLIMs) associated with running different distances. Most team sports require shuttle running; however, the 3MT was validated for uninterrupted, track running and not shuttle running. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of shuttle running 3MT to determine critical speed (CS) and D'. A total of 12 subjects were tested using a baseline 3MT along with three separate distance time-trials of all-out shuttle running to determine true CS and D'...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719753/exercise-prescriptions-for-training-and-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-heart-and-lung-disease
#2
Pietro Palermo, Ugo Corrà
Rehabilitation in patients with advanced cardiac and pulmonary disease has been shown to increase survival and improve quality of life among many other benefits. Exercise training is the fundamental ingredient in these rehabilitation programs. However, determining the amount of exercise is not straightforward or uniform. Most rehabilitation and training program fix the time of exercise and set the exercise intensity to the goals of the rehabilitation program and the exercise-related hurdles of the individual...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704624/a-systematic-review-of-emg-studies-in-normal-shoulders-to-inform-postoperative-rehabilitation-following-rotator-cuff-repair
#3
Peter K Edwards, Jay R Ebert, Chris Littlewood, Tim Ackland, Allan Wang
Study Design Systematic review. Background Electromyography (EMG) has previously been used to guide postoperative rehabilitation progression following rotator cuff repair, to prevent deleterious loading of early surgical repair. Objective To review the current literature investigating EMG during rehabilitation exercises in normal shoulders, to identify exercises that meet a cut point of ≤15% maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and unlikely to result in excessive loading in the early postoperative stages...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696990/prescribing-exercise-to-individuals-with-disabilities-what-are-the-concerns
#4
Hector Luis Osoria, Cheri A Blauwet
It is well known that individuals with disabilities, constituting 15% to 20% of the adult population, experience a disproportionate risk of cardiometabolic disease and are more likely to live sedentary lifestyles when compared with their able-bodied peers. Although many complex factors likely lead to these disparities, targeted exercise programs can be influential in improving the health outcomes of this population. Additionally, it is important to keep several factors in mind when tailoring the exercise prescription for individuals with varied types of disability, given unique factors related to medical history, mobility, and community barriers...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696983/exercise-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-disease-an-underfilled-prescription
#5
Robert E Sallis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693439/combatting-pain-after-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-perioperative-oral-extended-release-tapentadol-vs-extended-release-oxycodone-naloxone
#6
Gertrud Haeseler, Dirk Schaefers, Natalie Prison, Jörg Ahrens, Xiaofei Liu, Annika Karch
BACKGROUND: High post-operative pain scores after "minor" orthopedic/trauma surgery are in part attributed to inadequate prescription of opioid analgesics. Novel concepts aiming to achieve sufficient analgesia while minimizing opioid-related side effects by avoiding fluctuating plasma levels are based on perioperative oral administration of extended-release opioids beginning with the first dose pre-operatively. This is the first study to evaluate analgesic efficacy and side effect rates of extended-release tapentadol compared to oxycodone/naloxone following orthopedic/trauma surgery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692645/benzodiazepine-and-z-drug-use-and-risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#7
Meng-Ting Wang, Yun-Han Wang, Hsin-An Chang, Chen-Liang Tsai, Ya-Sung Yang, Chen Wei Lin, Cheng-Chin Kuo, Yu-Juei Hsu
BACKGROUND: Concerns were raised about pneumonia development from benzodiazepines (BZDs) and Z-drugs, but direct evidence is limited, conflicting and without examining the highly susceptible patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) nor specifying the risk for different drug utilizations. This study aimed to investigate whether use of BZDs and Z-drugs was each associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in a CKD population. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study of 36,880 CKD patients analyzing the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database between 01/1/2000 and 12/31/2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688789/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-2017
#8
Alison Whitehead, Susan Gould Fogerite
Wieland LS, Skoetz N, Pilkington K, Vempati R, D׳Adamo CR, Berman BM. Yoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back pain.Cochrane Database Syst Rev2017, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010671. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010671.pub2. BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain...
April 22, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687050/do-women-with-fibromyalgia-adhere-to-walking-for-exercise-programs-to-improve-their-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Yolanda Sanz-Baños, María-Ángeles Pastor-Mira, Ana Lledó, Sofía López-Roig, Cecilia Peñacoba, Julio Sánchez-Meca
BACKGROUND: Walking is recommended for fibromyalgia, but the rate of adherence to this exercise is not known. Poor adherence to physical exercise can limit the effectiveness in health benefits. OBJECTIVES: To examine adherence to interventions that include walking for fibromyalgia and to explore its moderators among the characteristics of patients, of the walking prescription and of the interventions. DATA SOURCES: References from 2000 to 2016 have been collected through PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane, and Teseo...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683177/determination-of-ideal-target-exercise-heart-rate-for-cardiac-patients-suitable-for-rehabilitation
#10
Shih Jia Janice Tan, John Carson Allen, Swee Yaw Tan
BACKGROUND: Exercise prescription for patients with cardiovascular disease remains a challenge. The concept of exercising at an intensity equivalent to one's anaerobic threshold has been well studied and highly recommended in the fitness industry for other populations. For this concept to be applicable to patients with cardiovascular disease, the level and intensity of activity must not trigger myocardial ischemia. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the heart rate at ventilatory anaerobic threshold (HRVAT ) will not exceed heart rate at ischemic threshold (HRIT ) (ie, HRVAT ≤ HRIT in a majority [>50%] of patients)...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682935/muscle-activity-and-physiological-responses-during-running-in-water-and-on-dry-land-at-submaximal-and-maximal-efforts
#11
Kenji Masumoto, Kyle C Mefferd, Riley Iyo, John A Mercer
We investigated muscle activity, oxygen uptake, heart rate, and rating of perceived exertion during running in water and on dry land at submaximal and maximal efforts. Eleven recreational runners performed deep water running (DWR) and treadmill running (TMR) graded exercise tests on separate days. On the third test day, the participants exercised at their 60%, 80%, and 100% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) by matching specific stride frequencies or running speeds. VO2max, maximal heart rate (HRmax), and rating of perceived exertion at maximal effort (RPEmax) were measured...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682091/a-quantum-probability-framework-for-human-probabilistic-inference
#12
Jennifer S Trueblood, James M Yearsley, Emmanuel M Pothos
There is considerable variety in human inference (e.g., a doctor inferring the presence of a disease, a juror inferring the guilt of a defendant, or someone inferring future weight loss based on diet and exercise). As such, people display a wide range of behaviors when making inference judgments. Sometimes, people's judgments appear Bayesian (i.e., normative), but in other cases, judgments deviate from the normative prescription of classical probability theory. How can we combine both Bayesian and non-Bayesian influences in a principled way? We propose a unified explanation of human inference using quantum probability theory...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681170/accentuated-eccentric-loading-for-training-and-performance-a-review
#13
REVIEW
John P Wagle, Christopher B Taber, Aaron J Cunanan, Garett E Bingham, Kevin M Carroll, Brad H DeWeese, Kimitake Sato, Michael H Stone
Accentuated eccentric loading (AEL) prescribes eccentric load magnitude in excess of the concentric prescription using movements that require coupled eccentric and concentric actions, with minimal interruption to natural mechanics. This method has been theorized to potentiate concentric performance through higher eccentric loading and, thus, higher concentric force production. There is also evidence for favorable chronic adaptations, namely shifts to faster myosin heavy chain isoforms and changes in IIx-specific muscle cross-sectional area...
July 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680286/rehabilitation-and-exercise-oncology-program-translating-research-into-a-model-of-care
#14
M A Dalzell, N Smirnow, W Sateren, A Sintharaphone, M Ibrahim, L Mastroianni, L D Vales Zambrano, S O'Brien
INTRODUCTION: The Rehabilitation and Exercise Oncology model of care (ActivOnco) was established to optimize cancer survivorship through exercise prescription and active lifestyle promotion, providing a transition of care from hospital to community. Patients having any cancer diagnosis, stage of disease, and treatment were eligible for evaluation and exercise prescription upon deterioration of performance status. The team of professionals included hospital-based physiotherapists proactively screening for rehabilitation needs, loss of functional independence, and exercise eligibility, plus exercise specialists in a community-based Wellness Centre to provide follow-up or direct access for post-treatment or non-complex patients...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677940/effect-of-shoulder-position-on-triceps-brachii-heads-activity-in-dumbbell-elbow-extension-exercises
#15
Daniel de Souza Alves, Thiago T da Matta, Liliam F de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Elbow extension exercises in different shoulder positions are selected to raise distinct effort levels among the triceps brachii heads. Because there are several triceps exercises, its choice is a big challenge on resistance training prescription. The present study aimed to compare the electromyographic signal of triceps brachii long and lateral heads among three different elbow ranges of motion (ROM) during two commonly prescribed elbow extension exercises: overhead dumbbell elbow extension (OD) and lying dumbbell elbow extension (LD)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672073/prediction-of-treatment-outcomes-to-exercise-in-patients-with-nonremitted-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Chad D Rethorst, Charles C South, A John Rush, Tracy L Greer, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Only one-third of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieve remission with initial treatment. Consequently, current clinical practice relies on a "trial-and-error" approach to identify an effective treatment for each patient. The purpose of this report was to determine whether we could identify a set of clinical and biological parameters with potential clinical utility for prescription of exercise for treatment of MDD in a secondary analysis of the Treatment with Exercise Augmentation in Depression (TREAD) trial...
July 3, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669366/effects-of-self-selected-exercise-on-strength-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-subtypes
#17
Djurdja Djordjevic, Sabrina Fell, Steven Baker
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have supported the utility of exercise as a treatment for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) patients. Despite being the most common inherited neuropathy, there remains a paucity of guidelines for CMT management. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 297 CMT patients. Self-reported exercise and strength results from standardized dynamometer testing were obtained from adult patients' first visits. Values were converted and analyzed based on previously reported age- and sex-matched normative values...
July 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666143/prevalence-of-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-among-chronic-opioid-therapy-patients-after-health-plan-opioid-dose-and-risk-reduction-initiatives
#18
Michael Von Korff, Rod L Walker, Kathleen Saunders, Susan M Shortreed, Manu Thakral, Michael Parchman, Ryan N Hansen, Evette Ludman, Karen J Sherman, Sascha Dublin
BACKGROUND: No studies have assessed the comparative effectiveness of guideline-recommended interventions to reduce risk of prescription opioid use disorder among chronic opioid therapy (COT) patients. We compared the prevalence of prescription opioid use disorder among COT patients from intervention clinics that had implemented opioid dose and risk reduction initiatives for more than 4 years relative to control clinics that had not. METHODS: After a healthcare system in Washington State implemented interventions to reduce opioid dose and risks, we surveyed 1588 adult primary care COT patients to compare the prevalence of prescription opioid use disorder among COT patients from the intervention and control clinics...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649668/metabolic-costs-of-daily-activity-in-older-adults-chores-xl-study-design-and-methods
#19
Duane B Corbett, Amal A Wanigatunga, Vincenzo Valiani, Eileen M Handberg, Thomas W Buford, Babette Brumback, Ramon Casanova, Christopher M Janelle, Todd M Manini
BACKGROUND: For over 20 years, normative data has guided the prescription of physical activity. This data has since been applied to research and used to plan interventions. While this data seemingly provides accurate estimates of the metabolic cost of daily activities in young adults, the accuracy of use among older adults is less clear. As such, a thorough evaluation of the metabolic cost of daily activities in community dwelling adults across the lifespan is needed. METHODS: The Metabolic Costs of Daily Activity in Older Adults Study is a cross-sectional study designed to compare the metabolic cost of daily activities in 250 community dwelling adults across the lifespan...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648356/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-versus-continuous-exercise-training-on-post-exercise-heart-rate-recovery-in-coronary-heart-disease-patients
#20
Koldobika Villelabeitia-Jaureguizar, Davinia Vicente-Campos, Alejandro Berenguel Senen, Verónica Hernández Jiménez, María Elvira Barrios Garrido-Lestache, Jose López Chicharro
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) has been considered a prognostic and mortality indicator in both healthy and coronary patients. Physical exercise prescription has shown improvements in VO2peak and HRR, but most of the studies have been carried out applying continuous training at a moderate intensity, being very limited the use of protocols of high intensity interval training in coronary patients. We aimed to compare the effects of a moderate continuous training (MCT) versus a high intensity interval training (HIIT) programme on VO2peak and HRR...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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