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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470152/antibiotics-prophylaxis-for-operative-hysteroscopy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#1
Ludovico Muzii, Violante Di Donato, Terenzio Boni, Raffaele Gaglione, Riccardo Marana, Ivan Mazzon, Ludovica Imperiale, Caterina De Medici, Alfonso Ruggiero, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of infectious complications and effect of prophylactic antibiotic administration during operative hysteroscopic procedures. METHODS: A multicentric randomized controlled trial was conducted between January 2012 and December 2013. Women (n = 180) affected by endometrial hyperplasia, myomas, or endometrial polyps undergoing operative hysteroscopy were randomized to receive cefazolin 2 g intravenously 30 minutes prior to the procedure (n = 91) and no treatment (n = 89)...
July 28, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600984/-arteriovenous-malformations-checking-and-descriptive-analysis-of-52-avms-treated-for-the-2000-2010-period
#2
Mariano Rinaldi, Emilio Mezzano, Matias S Berra, Herald R Parés, Ricardo V Olocco, Francisco R Papalini
BACKGROUND: To describe our experience in treating AVMs based on age, sex, reasons for consultation and symptoms, localization and clinical diagnosis, size, types, relation with aneurysms, endovascular procedures used, postoperative results and complications. METHODS: We present 52 patients with AVMs, analysing Neurological Exam, Ct, Irm and Brain Arteriography. RESULTS: Average age: 37.71 years. Male patients 61.53% females 38.46%. Reasons for consultation Cephalea: 63...
2015: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26433925/intradiploic-epidermoid-cyst-with-intracranial-hypertension-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#3
J C Moreira-Holguin, R Medélez-Borbonio, E Quintero-Lopez, U García-González, J L Gómez-Amador
INTRODUCTION: Intradiploic epidermoid intracranial cysts (IEIC) derive from ectodermal cells and are covered with stratified squamous epithelium. They are extremely rare, and most common locations are in the occipital, frontal and parietal bones. They have a very slow growth and can be asymptomatic until becoming evident by the deformation produced. The treatment is based on the removal of the lesion, and subsequent histopathological confirmation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Two cases are reported, with intracranial hypertension syndrome, which is very uncommon because of the slow growth of this type of pathology; however, decompensations occurring in the space-occupying lesions at intracranial level explain this type of clinical presentation...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26290022/-evaluation-of-the-results-of-percutaneous-closure-by-means-of-the-amplatzer-device-in-pediatric-patients-with-intra-auricular-communication-iac
#4
Saturnino Delgadillo-Pérez, José Miguel Torres-Martel, Juan Carlos Barrera de León
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of percutaneous closure by means of the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) device in pediatric patients with intra-auricular communication (IAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive transversal study in patients submitted to percutaneous closure of IAC from March 2005 to March 2013. Patients aged <16 years, weight>6 kg, IAC type ostium segundum, and patent foramen ovale, with border separations borders>5 mm, and absence of coexisting pathology were included in the study...
July 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25993593/quality-of-life-on-arterial-hypertension-validity-of-known-groups-of-minichal
#5
Ana Lúcia Soares Soutello, Roberta Cunha Matheus Rodrigues, Fernanda Freire Jannuzzi, Thaís Moreira São-João, Gabriela Giordano Martinix, Wilson Nadruz, Maria-Cecília Bueno Jayme Gallani
INTRODUCTIONS: In the care of hypertension, it is important that health professionals possess available tools that allow evaluating the impairment of the health-related quality of life, according to the severity of hypertension and the risk for cardiovascular events. Among the instruments developed for the assessment of health-related quality of life, there is the Mini-Cuestionario of Calidad de Vida en la Hipertensión Arterial (MINICHAL) recently adapted to the Brazilian culture. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the validity of known groups of the Brazilian version of the MINICHAL regarding the classification of risk for cardiovascular events, symptoms, severity of dyspnea and target-organ damage...
April 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25742421/quality-of-life-on-arterial-hypertension-validity-of-known-groups-of-minichal
#6
Ana Lúcia Soares Soutello, Roberta Cunha Matheus Rodrigues, Fernanda Freire Jannuzzi, Thaís Moreira São-João, Gabriela Giordano Martinix, Wilson Nadruz Jr, Maria-Cecília Bueno Jayme Gallani
Introductions: In the care of hypertension, it is important that health professionals possess available tools that allow evaluating the impairment of the health-related quality of life, according to the severity of hypertension and the risk for cardiovascular events. Among the instruments developed for the assessment of health-related quality of life, there is the Mini-Cuestionario of Calidad de Vida en la Hipertensión Arterial (MINICHAL) recently adapted to the Brazilian culture. Objective: To estimate the validity of known groups of the Brazilian version of the MINICHAL regarding the classification of risk for cardiovascular events, symptoms, severity of dyspnea and target-organ damage...
February 27, 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24830588/-prolactinoma
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Glezer, Marcello D Bronstein
Prolactinomas are the most common pituitary adenomas that affect young women at fertile age. Hyperprolactinemia causes hypogonadism, menstrual irregularities or amenorrhea in women, low serum testosterone levels in men, and infertility and sexual dysfunction in both men and women. Macroprolactinomas may cause cephalea, visual disturbance, and hypopituitarism. Clinical treatment with dopamine agonists is the gold standard, with cabergoline as the first choice due to its greater efficiency and tolerability. In about 20% of the cases, treatment is partially or completely ineffective, a situation in which surgery, in general by transsphenoidal route, is indicated...
March 2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24313432/-fulminant-course-of-hellp-syndrome-with-lethal-outcome-case-report
#8
D Drmlová, H Brádková, Urbánek S
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of death of a patient with fulminant course of HELLP syndrome in 32nd week of pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Kladno. CASE REPORT: We report a case of 29 years old primigravida in 32nd week of pregnancy, which was admitted to the hospital in a serious condition with cephalea, vomiting and progressive full-body swelling. During the entrance examination the patient looses consciousness, due to critical pressure an emergency caesarian section is performed...
November 2013: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23482649/rapid-complete-and-sustained-response-to-corticosteroids-and-pulse-cyclophosphamide-therapy-in-a-patient-with-beh%C3%A3-et-and-central-nervous-disease
#9
Concepción M Nuñez-Sotelo, Luis A Gutiérrez-Gonzalez, Martín A Rodriguez
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x45f32b0) BACKGROUND: Approximately eighty-percent of patients with neuro-Behçet have parenchyma CNS disease, probably due to small-vessel vasculitis. The most used treatment is high-dose corticosteroids followed by immunosuppressive medication but efficacy of this combination has not been proven to date. METHODS: A 23 year-old male Hispanic patient with diagnosis of Behçet's disease, with onset at the age of 18, developed a bout of oral and genital ulcers, fever 39°C to 40°C, joint inflammation, cephalea, diplopia, convergent strabismus and drowsiness...
December 2012: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22693307/acute-encephalopathy-with-bilateral-thalamotegmental-involvement-and-a-benign-course-a-case-report-from-brazil
#10
Regina Maria Papais Alvarenga, Vanderson Carvalho Neri, Tatiane Mendonça, Solange Camargo
This rare encephalopathy that generally affects children is preceded by a respiratory infection and fever associated with convulsions and may progress to coma. Outcome is catastrophic in most cases. This case report describes a Brazilian child of African descent with fever, cephalea and bilateral amaurosis, who evolved to coma with pyramidal signs and associated convulsions. MRI showed diffuse, symmetrical lesions in the thalamotegmental region and brainstem. Following administration of methylprednisolone, the clinical condition of the patient improved and the brain lesions regressed, leaving the child with no current neurological deficits...
2011: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22495171/cardiovascular-adverse-reactions-after-the-administration-of-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-light-and-shade
#11
D Berardi, L Agati
From the trials published till now, it is clear that the most important and frequent adverse reactions related to the treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) are thrombovascular accidents and systemic hypertension. Only on very rare occasions cephalea and epileptic fits may occur. Even if these adverse reactions are so precisely defined, there is no evident interpretation of the biological and pathophysiological mechanisms that sustain these events. This work intends to describe the state of the art in the international literature in order to enable the reader to understand the real risks of rHuEpo administration...
April 2012: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22035203/aneurismal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-a-chilean-population-with-emphasis-on-risk-factors
#12
Mónica Y Acuña, Lucía A Cifuentes
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) is caused principally by the rupture of intracranial aneurisms. Important risk factors have been described such as age, sex, hypertension (HT) and season of the year, among others. The objective is to investigate the demographic characteristics and possible risk factors in a population of Chilean patients. METHODS: This retrospective study was based on the analysis of 244 clinical records of patients diagnosed with aneurismal SAH who were discharged from the Instituto de Neurocirugía ASENJO in Santiago, Chile...
2011: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21819767/sphenoid-sinus-fungus-ball-our-experience
#13
Fabio Pagella, Alessandro Pusateri, Elina Matti, Georgios Giourgos, Caterina Cavanna, Francesca De Bernardi, Maurizio Bignami, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: Fungal rhinosinusitis is a common disease of the paranasal sinuses. The fungus ball (FB) is defined as an extramucosal mycotic proliferation that fills one or more paranasal sinuses. Sphenoid sinus is an uncommon localization of this disease, as reported in the literature. This study describes our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of sphenoid sinus FB (SSFB), with a particular focus on the surgical approach to the sphenoid sinus. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of patients affected by FB of the sphenoid sinus, who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in our institutions between 1995 and 2009...
July 2011: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21542275/-opportunistic-infections-in-patients-after-complex-therapy-of-cancer
#14
R Jancálek, Z Novák, J Chrastina, P Burkon, B Slaná, V Feitová
BACKGROUNDS: An opportunistic infection is an infection caused by pathogens, such as Toxoplasma gondii, that usually are not pathogenic in a healthy host but may cause an infection in immunocompromised patients. Although the most frequent cause of an opportunistic infection is immunodeficiency due to HIV infection, the immunodeficiency induced by anticancer treatment cannot be ignored. DESIGN: A 56-year old female patient after a comprehensive treatment of breast cancer underwent a stereotactic biopsy of MR-verified multiple brain lesions suspected to be of metastatic aetiology...
2011: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21456480/tako-tsubo-cardiomyopathy-as-initial-presentation-of-pheocromocytoma-a-clinical-case
#15
Manuela Cesaretti, Gianluca Ansaldo, Emanuela Varaldo, Michela Assalino, Manuela Trotta, Giancarlo Torre, Giacomo Borgonovo
INTRODUCTION: Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy is a rapidly reversible form of acute heart failure triggered by stressful events that occur more frequently in postmenopausal women. A central role is supposed to be played by catecholamines and the association with pheocromocytoma is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient admitted for abdominal pain and suffering of hypertension pharmacologically treated. During hospitalization the patient presented cephalea and precordial pain with nausea and profuse sweating...
November 2010: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20859924/-neurology-in-byzantine-medicine-an-analysis-of-alexander-of-tralles-medici-libri-duodecim
#16
Virgina de Frutos-Gonzalez, Ángel L Guerrero-Peral
INTRODUCTION: Byzantium continued Greek and Roman habit of texts compilation, and so, preserved medical knowledge. In addition, assimilating the influence of Monastic and Arabic medicine, Byzantine physicians transmitted original contributions including references to neurological diseases. Alexander of Tralles was one of major exponents of Byzantine medicine. He received his early medical training with his father, and in extensive travels, gathered medical knowledge and experience. AIM: Medici libri duodecim is a treatise on pathology and therapeutics of internal diseases, in twelve books...
October 1, 2010: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20682881/efficacy-of-miltefosine-for-the-treatment-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Iván Vélez, Liliana López, Ximena Sánchez, Laureano Mestra, Carlos Rojas, Erwin Rodríguez
Miltefosine is an oral agent used for cutaneous leishmaniasis treatment. An open-label, randomized, phase III clinical trial was carried out in the Colombian army population. Miltefosine, 50 mg capsule was taken orally three times per day for 28 days (N = 145) or meglumine antimoniate, 20 mg/kg body weight per day for 20 days by intramuscular injection (N = 143). The efficacy of miltefosine by protocol was 69.8% (85/122 patients) and 58.6% (85/145 patients) by intention to treat. For meglumine antimoniate, the efficacy by protocol was 85...
August 2010: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19941478/pharmacological-modulation-of-nitric-oxide-release-new-pharmacological-perspectives-potential-benefits-and-risks
#18
REVIEW
Roberto Scatena, Patrizia Bottoni, Alessandro Pontoglio, Bruno Giardina
Nitric oxide is becoming an increasingly important signalling molecule implicated in a growing number of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Moreover, with the recent advances in nitric oxide biochemistry, many well known drugs have been shown to act totally or partially by modulating NO metabolism with varying therapeutic results. The classic organic nitrates have been shown to exhibit beneficial therapeutic but suffer from some well known pitfalls (tolerability induction, abrupt cephalea and hypotension)...
2010: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19728273/-psychopathological-symptoms-in-patients-suffering-from-chronic-cephalea-with-or-without-fibromyalgia
#19
I Sala, C Roig, J A Amador-Campos, C García-Sánchez, A Rodríguez, C Díaz, I Gich
INTRODUCTION: The presence of psychopathological symptoms as anxiety and depression in chronic daily headache and in fibromyalgia is common. AIM: To study whether there are any difference in the psychopathological profile and treatment response between patients with chronic headache and fibromyalgia (CHFM) and patients with chronic headache without fibromyalgia (CH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive psychological test battery was administered to 30 patients with CH and 30 patients with CHFM, diagnosed by a rheumatologist...
September 16, 2009: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19434589/-neurology-in-mediaeval-medical-poetry-in-latin
#20
V de Frutos-González, A L Guerrero-Peral
INTRODUCTION: Medical poems written in Latin during the Middle Ages constitute an important part of mediaeval literature on medicine and offer the advantage of making it easier for the reader to memorise their contents. They were to exert a notable influence of later medical literature. DEVELOPMENT: An analysis of works such as Medicinalis liber by Benedictus Crispus of Milan; De cultura hortorum by Walahfrid Strabo; the anonymous work known as Macer floridus; De pulsibus, De urinis, and De signis et symptomatibus aegritudinum, three treatises by Aegidius of Corbeil or the Poema anatomicum, belonging to the Salerno Medical School, reveals what neurological aspects were known in the Middle Ages and how important this medical discipline was in that period...
May 16, 2009: Revista de Neurologia
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